Branches of Government

In: Historical Events

Submitted By circlediamond
Words 1652
Pages 7
Branches of Government
Michael Mousaw
April 25, 2011
University of Phoenix
Ric Hulshoff

Branches of Government

The founding Fathers of America divided the United States government into three branches of power in order to maintain a system of checks and balances. They did not want a government where one person or one body of government had all the power. The founding fathers of these United States wanted to step away from the totalitarian system of governance imposed on colonial America by the British (Trethan).

Three Branches of Government

With this thought in mind the founding Fathers of the United States came up with what Americans know now as the Federalist governing system. This Federalist government consists of the executive, the legislative, and the judicial. Each of these branches has its own distinct and essential duties to perform in the function of the United States government (Trethan).

Executive Branch

The executive branches of the United States government consist of the president, vice-president, and 15 cabinet level departments. These 15 cabinet level departments include the State, Defense, Interior, Transportation, and Education. The chief point of power is in the hands of the president. The president chooses his vice president, cabinet members, and appoints the Supreme Court Justices. The primary function of the executive branch is to ensure the laws are carried out, the constitution is followed, and that the day to day operations like collecting taxes, homeland security, and representing the United States political and economic interest around the world (Trethan).

Legislative Branch

The Legislative branch of the new Federalist based government consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which form the United States Congress. Article 1 of the Constitution grants the Congress…...

Similar Documents


...The US Banking System: Origin, Development, and Regulation by Richard Sylla Currency note of one shilling, six pence, printed in the colony of New Jersey in 1776. (Gilder Lehrman Collection) Banks are among the oldest businesses in American history—the Bank of New York, for example, was founded in 1784, and as the recently renamed Bank of New York Mellon it had its 225th anniversary in 2009. The banking system is one of the oldest, largest, and most important of our industries. Most adult Americans deal with banks, often on a fairly regular basis. Nonetheless, banks and banking seem rather mysterious. What do banks do? Why have they for so long been an integral part of our economy? Why, as in the financial crisis that commenced in 2007, do banks every so often get into trouble and create serious problems for the country? Banks have two important economic functions. First, they operate a payments system, and a modern economy cannot function well without an efficient payments system. We make most of our payments by writing checks, swiping credit cards issued by banks or tied to them, and by paying bills via online banking. Most of the money stock of the country is in fact bank money; the rest of the currency is “legal tender” issued by the government, namely Federal Reserve Notes and coins. We have confidence in bank money because we can exchange it at the bank or an ATM for legal tender. Banks are obligated to hold reserves of legal tender to make these exchanges when...

Words: 3430 - Pages: 14


... out of many subdivisions of the criminal justice system. I do however believe that social justice does have an effect approach in treating crime within Jamaica reason being this process gives each and everyone a fair chance of equality instead of just assuming that they are guilty. On the hand of justice I can now turn my attention to another interesting model of the justice system, the crime control. According to Packer (1968), he referred to crime control as a theory of criminal justice which places emphasis on reducing the crime in society through increased police and prosecutorial powers but he also created another model called the due process model which in contrast focuses on the individual liberties and rights and is also concerned with limiting the powers of the government, so in a sense they are opposite when being compared. Crime control prioritizes the power of the government to protect society, with less emphasis on individual liberties. Those who take a stance favoring tough approaches to crime and criminals may be characterized as proponents of crime control, while those who seek to curb government intrusions and harassment of suspects favor a due process control model. Zalman (2002) further stated that the Crime Control Model states the following “the repression of the criminal conduct is by far the most important function to be performed by the criminal process.” Of course this goes back to protecting the privacy while trying to maintain “public safety...

Words: 1764 - Pages: 8


...What are the most significant factors the influence a president when choosing the cabinet? (15 marks) The cabinet is an advice-giving group selected by the president to help him in decision making and co-ordinating the work of federal government, membership of which is determined both by tradition and presidential discretion. The cabinet is not mentioned in the Constitution, yet each candidate the president recruits must be confirmed by the Senate. A vital factor that the president must take into account when choosing the cabinet is to have a broad and balanced cabinet. When choosing a balanced cabinet it is crucial to remember three categories,(EGG) ethnicity,gender and geographical variety. This was well done by Obama's cabinet in 2009 as the president had a vast cabinet with different geographical backgrounds, simply meaning that Obama appointed members from as much different states as he could to give those states representation and equality. This balance in-terms of region was visual in Obama's cabinet, it consisted of ( Shaun Donovan (HUD) New York, Ken Salazar (Interior) Colorado, Arne Duncan (Education) Illinois and Janet Napolitano (Homeland Security) Arizona. A further balance of the Cabinet was shown in 2013 under the presidency of Barak Obama. In 2013 this proved to be a good year in-terms of representation of gender within the cabinet as the female role in the cabinet is increasing with 2 appointed and 1 nominee (Sylvia Mathews Burwell (Management and...

Words: 461 - Pages: 2


... government represents the United Mexican States and is divided into three branches: executive, legislative and judicial, as established by the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States, published in 1917. The constituent states of the federation must also have a republican form of government based on a congressional system as established by their respective constitutions. The executive power is exercised by the executive branch, which is headed by the President, advised by a cabinet of secretaries that are independent of the legislature. Legislative power is vested upon the Congress of the Union, a two-chamber legislature comprising the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. Judicial power is exercised by the judiciary, consisting of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation, the Council of the Federal Judiciary and the collegiate, unitary and district tribunals. (D) Comparing between the UK government systems and UMS, which is better? The origin of the different systems of government resides in the large differences between human societies for historical geographical factors. We cannot point definitively whether a government is better or worse than another, since it depends from the context of each country. I think that in an ideal society, equal and undivided, where citizens are responsible, and where they ensure that their representatives take care of their interests, the system of government in U.M.S is better. (E) Explain your answer above. The...

Words: 909 - Pages: 4


...Government and Civil Society Apple has so far spent at least $1.3 million on lobbying the US government this year, says First Street Research. The firm's data covers the first two quarters of the year, during which Apple spent $560,000 and $790,000, respectively. The money can be further subdivided between four major contracted lobbying firms: Capitol Tax Partners, Fierce, Isakowitz & Blalock, Franklin Square Group, and Jefferson Consulting Group. Apple has hired a DC lobbying outfit to exert influence on the federal government, according to Politico. Official disclosures are said to reveal that the firm of Fierce, Isakowitz and Blalock started working for Apple on February 1st. What issues Apple may want to push politicians on has not been revealed beyond a broad category of "innovation." The company is noted to be a relatively minor player in Washington, traditionally spending less than competitors in trying to win laws beneficial to profits. Whereas Apple spent a little over $1.6 million in lobbying the government in 2010 for instance, Microsoft spent nearly $7 million. It may feel increased motivation to lobby however because of recent scrutiny its practices have drawn. As an example, the company only reopened iOS development to third-party tools after the FTC began a probe into antitrust violations. Three of the people handling Apple at Fierce, Isakowitz and Blalock are reported to have connections to the last Bush administration. Mark Isakowitz worked on his......

Words: 321 - Pages: 2


...In the developing country, government may set the price for the product to control the economy and try to benefit the consumers. In some basic food like bread, the customers may put the ceiling price to that product. The ceiling price is the maximum price can be imposed by the government to be charged; therefore, that new price will be lower than the previous one, which can make the products more affordable for consumers. While setting the price ceiling, the government may experience one of the two situations: non-binding or binding price ceiling. If the price is set above the equilibrium market price, the price ceiling will not be binding. In the case of non-binding price ceiling, the quantity of supply is larger than the quantity of demand for bread. That can reduce the negative effects that can happen. Consumers will not have to wait for long line to get bread which can save their time and go back to work to make money. In this case, price ceiling prevents the black market that can sell the products in the very high price. The cost that the consumers have to pay is just the price of bread they purchase, let assume that it is one dollar. However, in the other case, binding price- ceiling, government actions can lead to many negative effects on the consumers. First of all, the shortage of bread may occur since many people now are able to buy breads- the quantity of demand is higher than the quantity of supply. Thus, it will cause the long line waiting to purchase breads...

Words: 717 - Pages: 3


...Beatrice Walker HIS/301 Professor Lopez-Schermer June 10, 2013 Our four fathers as a way of check and balances created the Constitution. They believed that a strong federal government was needed for the country to survive. The constitution is the base for all laws in the United States. It’s the highest law in the United States. The constitution can be changed, when it’s changed it’s called and amendment. Among the amendments are the bill of rights and the reconstruction amendments. In this paper I will discuss how and why amendments become part of the constitution, what were some problems with the original document that motivated the adoption of the bill of rights, the effects of the bill of rights and the reconstruction amendments and their effects. How and why do amendments become part of the constitution? When the constitution was written, the Framers knew that the constitution would and could be amended. Article V of the constitution tells how an amendment can become a part of the constitution. It takes two steps to add an amendment to the constitution. The first step is the proposal. An amendment can be proposed by either two-thirds vote in congress, which includes both the House of Representatives and the Senate. The second step is ratification; the amendment has to be ratified by wither three-fourths of the state legislatures or by state conventions in three-fourths of the states. An amendment can only be ratified after two-thirds of the House...

Words: 1409 - Pages: 6


...In modern politics, a state is an association which has control over a geographic area or territory. States are seen as having three main pieces: * A territory * A people * Some institutions (which have the power to make rules). There are different forms of government a state can have, for example a republic or a monarchy. Sometimes states form their own countries. At other times many states work together to form a country (like the United States). Most states also have armed forces, civil service, law and police. Politics is the way that people living in groups make decisions. Politics is about making agreements between people so that they can live together in groups such astribes, cities, or countries. In large groups, such as countries, some people may spend a lot of their time making such agreements. These people are calledpoliticians. Politicians, and sometimes other people, may get together to form a government. The study of politics in universities is called political science, political studies, or public administration. In everyday life, the term "politics" refers to the way that countries are governed, and to the ways that governments make rules and laws. But politics can also be seen in other groups, too, such as in big companies, schools and churches. A territory (plural: territories, from the word terra, which means 'land') is an area which belongs to a person, organization, institution, animal, nation or state. Ininternational law, a...

Words: 1682 - Pages: 7


...Federalist Articles James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay were the authors of the federalist papers. James Madison was the principle author for article No 10 and article No 51. The immediate purpose for publishing these papers were to obtain support for the ratification of the Constitution, they wanted a diverse republic to prevent faction but with equality to maintain unity among the states. Madison addresses that a large faction will provide better representatives, since the cause of faction has been the unequal distribution of property. Those who have property versus those who don’t, have ever had different interest in society. He saw direct democracy as a danger to individual rights and addressed for a representative democracy to protect individual liberty from majority rule. In federalist No 10 Madison discusses to guard against factions, or groups of citizens, how the passion and interest of one group could mean a danger to the government. In article No 51 the purpose is for four aspects: Layered representation which is the people that are elected directly or indirectly to represent other people, Separation of powers are the three branches that make, and enforce the law; judicial, executive, and legislative branches, Checks and balancing is the ability of each branch to check the powers of the others so the power is balance in all three branches, and Federalism which is the existence of two governments, state and federal and both governments have dominance...

Words: 869 - Pages: 4


...Going Public: Page 310 providing order and promoting the general welfare. Page 6,7,8 Separation of power : Page 24 1. The Separation of Powers How did the Constitution divide power between the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government? What are the different roles played by each of these branches in American national government? o Separation of powers divides power among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches as distinct departments of American national government. ▪ This endows several different institutions—the Congress, the executive branch, and the judicial branch—with the ability to influence the nation’s agenda and affect decisions. ▪ This also establishes a system of checks and balances in which power is divided to ensure that no one branch becomes predominant. o Within the system of separated powers, the framers provided for legislative supremacy, listing the powers of the national government in Article I of the Constitution, which deals with the Congress. o Presidential government has emerged, particularly after 1937, such that Congress and the president perpetually compete for contrul of the national government, particularly during periods of divided government. o The separation of powers system of checks and balances relies on the goal-seeking behavior of puliticians acting within the various institutions of the national government. Exemplifying......

Words: 279 - Pages: 2


... States and the United Kingdom (Science Daily). According to a March 2012 report released by the National Conference of State Legislators, only 21 states and the District of Columbia require schools to teach sex education. Out of those states, only 18 of them require that the information be medically accurate. These states leave out important parts of human anatomy and completely bash everything and anything about teen pregnancy. They also send out messages about contraceptives and birth control saying that if they are only 99% effective, why use them (Birds, Bees, and Bad Information)? The Sex Information and Education Council of the United States reports that each year, more than 750,000 women between the ages of 15 and 19 become pregnant. Nearly all of those pregnancies---82 percent---were unintended (Birds, Bees, and Bad Information). Even worse, 15 to 25 year olds account for half of the 19 million sexually transmitted diseases diagnosed annually; and those aged 13 to 29 account for approximately a third of the country’s new HIV cases (Birds, Bees, and Bad Information). Sex education should be taught in schools all around the United States, better than they are being taught now anyway. The government needs to step in and make sure that these classes are being taught right and that they are 100% medically accurate. Sex education needs to be in every public school in the country since teens who receive it are 50% less likely to have an unplanned pregnancy than those......

Words: 1302 - Pages: 6


...Anti-Federalists vs. the Federalists - what did we gain from their discourse?  Federalists are people who wanted their national government become stronger. They supported the ratification of the Constitution to help conduct the debt and tensions following the American Revolution. They felt that many individual and monetary policies make economic struggles and national weakness. They prefer to have central banking central financial policies. Contract to Federalists, anti- Federalists who oppose the development of a strong federal government and the Constitution ratified in 1788 wanted to remain in the hands of the state and local levels. They felt that states were free agents that should manage their income and spend their money as they saw fitly. Although less well organized than the federal, they also have an impressive group of leaders who are particularly prominent in state politics. Was the Constitution in danger of NOT being ratified?  Yes, the constitution was in danger of not being ratified. The strongest objections raised by the Antifederalists, however, the main problem is the lack of protection for individual liberties in the Constitution. The debate raged for months. Nine states had ratified the Constitution, ensuring it will be in effect for the nine states. However, the main countries including the Virginia and New York were not approved. Its was very difficult in ratifying Constitution. What might our country have been like without the Ant-Federalist......

Words: 277 - Pages: 2


...External Environment and Government Policy Introduction The generic argument for governmental intervention is that the marketplace does not perform its normal function of optimizing resource production efficiency and resource allocation decision making as classical economics theory suggests. As a result of the market’s failure, government can, and some say should, intervene to fix the problem. However, some have argued that government interventions are designed to benefit those special interests that influence politicians rather than society as a whole (Austin & Boxerman, 2008). Discuss the impacts of breach to Healthcare Information systems, especially the financial and privacy impacts. Some of the most devastating security breaches can occur during employee termination when steps are not taken to remove access to resources in a timely manner. HIPAA guidelines specify that when employees are terminated, that certain steps, at a minimum, must be followed. These include changing locks, removal from access lists, removal of user account, and confiscation of keys, tokens and other access cards. Though these steps may seem to be common sense, some organizations may not have documented procedures to follow when an employee is terminated. Additionally, the responsibility for carrying out the termination procedures must be clearly assigned and documented (SANS Institute, 2001). Security Training In order for a security program to work well, the employees must be educated...

Words: 1211 - Pages: 5


...The way I would define “government” would have to be, the group of people who control and make decisions for a country/state, or a particular system used for controlling a certain country/state. For example, the United States’ government is a federal republic and a constitutional representative democracy. Now, for advantages and disadvantages of a “government”, this could vary by the different types of governments such as: our government (what I just stated), dictatorship, monarchy, and etc. Some of the advantages of our government are: #1-It protects the interests of citizens, which we have the right to vote on political, social, and economical issues as well as the representatives that they want to be in charge of major decisions (like the President) & #2-It promotes equality, which means that all members of a country or a state are equal in the eyes of the law. Every individual has the right to enjoy and experience equal economic, political, and social rights and the state is not allowed to discriminate citizens on the standard of sex, property, and religion. Now, some of the disadvantages of our government are: #1-The misuse of time and funds, like lots of money and time go into elections where it could go elsewhere and the possibility of being ruled by irresponsible and incompetent leaders who just waste public funds for their recreations and tours & #2-Wrong choice, not all individuals are aware of political and social circumstances in the country which could...

Words: 422 - Pages: 2


...Bryan McIntosh 2/12/2012 UST 600 Federalist Paper # 46 Federalist Paper 46 was written by James Madison. It was published on January 29, 1788. The essay examines the strength of the state and federal governments under the proposed United States Constitution. It is titled, "The Influence of the State and Federal Governments Compared." James Madison argues that States and the Federal Government are different but should collaborate with unified goals and powers. Madison realized that the people will be loyal to their states and possibly rebel against the central government if pushed to do so. He realized the federal government had to be sensitive to the people’s rights. Not to go down the European path they fled once upon a time. ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION: * Before the Articles of Confederation States had too much power over the federal government. * States had the power to create own currency * Form their own militias * Regulate their own trade CONSTITUTION: * The purpose of the original union of 13 colonies was to protect themselves from outside attacks. * The constitution was created to not limit states right but to them to reasoning that can better benefit the union. * The powers granted to the federal government are few and specific and will be exercised towards external parties. Powers granted to the states are many and general and focused solely on internal affairs. The federal government will be the most important in...

Words: 618 - Pages: 3