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Changes To The ICD-9

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1. What is medical coding and what is it used for?
According to AAPC, medical coding is the transformation of healthcare diagnosis, procedures, medical services, and equipment into universal medical alphanumeric codes. The diagnoses and procedure codes are taken from medical record documentation, such as transcription of medical notes, laboratory and radiologic results, etc.
2. What coding systems are used in the United States?
The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) and the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT). According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 70% of the world's health care expenditures are allocated using ICD. ICD codes are alphanumeric designations given to every diagnosis, description of symptoms and cause of death attributed to human beings.
3. How did changes to the ICD-9 over the years reflect events?
ICD-9-CM is based on the official version of the World Health Organization's 9th Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9). In 1977, the steering committee was formed by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) to clinically modify ICD-9 for use in the United States. The term "Clinical" meant that the United States needed a useful tool to report diagnoses, to classify morbidity data
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The United States is the only industrialized nation that has not implemented ICD-10 for morbidity. The United States has used ICD-10-CM to code mortality since 1999. Since 1994, the NCHS has been developing the clinical modifications for use in the United States. The new ICD-10-CM system is expanding to ~68,000 codes and has flexibility for expansion. The new ICD-10-CM codes have three to seven characters that are alphanumeric. Physicians created the ICD-10-CM terminology, ICD-10-CM starts with alpha (use all letters except "U"); 2nd character always numeric; 3rd-7th characters can be alpha or numeric; Decimal is always after 1st three

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