Premium Essay

Chinese Society

In: Other Topics

Submitted By melodiloveearth
Words 957
Pages 4
UGEA Chinese Society Chin Tse Kai 1155056381 Dr. Hua Guo Case Study 1. Introduction Maotanchang High School is a cramming school located in Maotanchang town, Lu An city of Anhui Province in China. Despite the prosperous cities like Shanghai or Guangzhou near the coast, Maotanchang town is in the middle of China, inside foot hills of Anhui. Maotanchang town did not enjoy the economic growth of China’s opening economy, but instead, it specialised in becoming a Gaokao cramming town. 2. What make Maotanchang a cram city? 2.1 Inland Cities’ Inherited Disadvantages In 1979, Deng Xiaoping established several economic special zones in coastline cities of China, including Shanghai and Guangzhou. These cities, has become some of the richest cities in China. And their open economy and advantageous geographic position plays a big role. But small towns like Maotanchang didn’t enjoy much of the opening of China economy. According to The Economists, Anhui’s GDP is only equivalent to Pakistan, while Shanghai’s GDP is equivalent to Finland. The poor location Anhui province is in and the lack of labour, infrastructure facilities made these inland cities hard to enjoy the same growth as coastal cities. Coastal cities contributes XX% of Chinese GDP in 2014, however inland cities only represent XX percent. 2.2 Education Specialization as a Solution to Economic Struggle Lacking specialised industries, Maotanchang thus focus on education, and become a “cramming” specialised city, which can keep it from poor and differentiate itself from other inland cities. The disadvantage for Maotanchang to develop industry actually become the advantages for it to specialise in...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Study Goal Orientation in Chinese Society in Work Domain

...Running head: GOAL ORIENTATION IN CHINESE WORK DOMAIN Study Goal Orientation in Chinese Society in Work Domain CHEN Yulin (2007937472) The Department of Psychology The University of Hong Kong June 30, 2008 Contents Abstract 2 Introduction……………………………… …………………………………………………. 3 Cultural Difference regarding Motivation 5 How to Induce Learning Goal Orientation? 6 A Distinct Pattern in Chinese Society? 8 A Developmental Pattern of Goal Orientation 9 More about Performance Goal Orientation 10 Method 11 Results 13 Discussion 15 Summary and Implication 20 Limitations and Further Research 21 References 23 Appendix A 28 Appendix B 29 Appendix C 30 Appendix D 31 Appendix E 32 Appendix F 33 Abstract The study of goal orientation is usually conducted in Western society. In attempt to extend theories related to goal orientation and Yu’s (1996) study on cultural difference in motivation to Chinese work domain, in this research, 75 working people from Mainland China were invited to complete a set of questionnaires on goal orientation, work climate, task complexity, work experience and marriage status. The relationships among these variables were examined. Contrary to hypotheses, learning goal orientation positively correlated with autonomous work climate but did not correlate significantly with task complexity. Work climate had no effect on participants’ performance approach goal orientation but task complexity was......

Words: 6801 - Pages: 28

Free Essay

Tradition; however, many of them are unfaithful and were based on manipulate certain group of the society. Women known to be physically weaker than men, so they were usually their easy prey especially in masculine’s societies. In “Footbinding”, for John King Fairbank, illustrates a picture of women’s abuse of the tenth century in China. Chinese girls were subject to a process in which their feet were bent to make them small “… preferably only three inches long, by pressing the four smaller toes under the sole or ball of the foot” (279). That would allow them to socially fit and be able to get married otherwise they were subjected to disrespect and taunts of the community. That is how women was abused based on tradition was found at first by men. In “Shrouded in Contradiction”, for Gelareh Asayesh, I see another face of women’s abuse. Asayesh was born in Tehran, Iran where women have to wear “hijab”-Islamic covering, so they were forced to wear veil. In both cases I see traditions are being used to manipulate and abuse women as part of the society, which will lead to societies’ destruction as Fairbank says “the talent that one sees in Chinese women today had little chance to grow and express itself. This mad a weak foundation for a modern society.” (281). Women are essential part of any society, so controlling their free will to choose or treating them as possessions will impact society in general. In “footbinding”, it’s clear that women are being used to satisfy men’s......

Words: 345 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Development of Civilization

...The Development of Civilization Prepared for Mr. Bsharah By Chris Treadwell History B1 Spring 2013 Civilization is defined as; an advanced state of cultural and material development in human society, marked by political and social complexity and progress in the arts and sciences. This wasn’t achieved easily, nor was it an ever-progressing movement. More so it was the product of several trial and error advancements in various fields of human endeavor. The starting point for all this advancement is known as the Neolithic Revolution, also referred to as the agricultural revolution. This was the shift from a nomadic hunter-gatherer culture to a more settled agricultural lifestyle. The domestication of plants and animals was a major turning point in mankind’s evolution, but it took more than a millennia to transform from nomads to agrarians. Archeological data indicates that several different forms of plant and animal domestication evolved in separate locations worldwide. “The earliest Neolithic societies appeared in the Middle East about 8000 B.C.E., in China about 4000 B.C.E., and in India about 3600 B.C.E.” The first farming was largely grain based in fertile river-valleys with adequate climate and natural resources to sustain farming. Over time man began developing the where-with-all to change his surrounding environment to suit his needs even further. Certain crops were grown in areas according to availability geographically and ease of production rather than......

Words: 1446 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...what approaches are and the scale. In addition, the causes and the results of corruption are diverse. And it can be traced in both governments and civil societies, in economic systems, in administrative systems and in judiciary systems etc. According to Arnold Heidenheimer, when we attempt to define corruption, the various meanings among different languages and culture should be taken into consideration. On the contrary, Diego Gambetta is in favour of “a core concept for corruption”. At the present, many interpretations depend on the sense of rules and violation. That is to say, no matter how broad and complicated the concept is, it can reflect rules and violators who against those rules can be identified and punished. ! In the Chinese context, there are two major definitions which can be applied to China in the transition period. yansun For those who are in favour of a tough enforcement and party disciplinary, they would like to provide a more broad-based definition which includes public offices, public interest and public opinions factors. By contrast, for those who are in favour of a effective effacement and market efficiency, they would focus on the abuse of public office. Though there is no formalistic answer to the question on what the definition is, this paper would use a definition corresponding with the Chinese context. The corruption is defined as the abuse of authority or the public power by occupants in the government or the party to gain private......

Words: 326 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Unit 1 Humanities in Compare and Contrast to Roman Empire

... For example the people of Ancient Greece were in different city states and would challenge each other for territories for farming and other needed resources from the land. The mountains and seas were a major physical land features that would protect them from one and other. But this also in turn created different cultures and civilizations throughout Ancient Greece. So there were many different views that varied from group to group. An example of this would be social societies, religious views, structures, and civilizations altogether are different. The social society would be the government or rulers, merchants, slaves, and priests. The different social classes such as higher classes being the dictator, priests, or other people of the higher powers in a society where as other social classes would be the middle classes such as merchants, blacksmiths. The economic developments were a major part of the society as well. Hence, this brought greater tension between all the different groups, societies, and cultures of these nomadic people. I think that the main cultural differences were the religious beliefs that were happening...

Words: 458 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Advanced Science and Technology Have Made Great Changes to People's Life, but Artists Such as Musicians Painters and Writers Are Still Highly Valued. What Can Arts Tell Us About Life That Science Cannot?

... whereas science represents natural order. In other words, the arts lead people to perceive the world while science aims at discovering the nature of things. This means arts is a part of culture and have various forms in different societies, can be give different meanings by different people. By comparison the established theories and principles of science would hardly alter and always be applied to the whole world. So, arts is subjective and can promote people’s creativity and imagination. Moreover, arts can enrich individual’s cultural life. This is because science and technology enhance the social productivity and enrich material wealth, only arts can satisfy their spiritual and emotional needs. For example, the Chinese traditional art forms Beijing Opera and cross-talk have been welcomed by lots of people and brought enjoyment of spirit to them for many years. Last but not least, the arts can sometimes change individual’s attitudes toward life and provide people positive outlets, which enable them to achieve a balance between work and pleasure. By contrast, science and technology often result in anxiety and pressure. In summary, the arts differ from science in many aspects and because of it, people get a better idea about the society and culture, which allows them to live a colorful and abundant...

Words: 300 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Diversity Considerations

...behavior, and spiritual interpersonal relations is the basis behind why there is diversity in society. Through ones upbringing or societies views or even ones culture are all factors that are promoting cultural diversity. Through research and education though public safety can enhance their evaluation of information to better help those in society who may need their assistance and stop the stereotyping or even bring down some of the diversity in society. Diversity Considerations Cultures often can have a drastic influence upon attitudes, values, perception, human behavior and interpersonal relations. Such as with a person’s attitude this can be something that they are programmed with from early childhood that they have to have nothing but the most recent name brand and highest dollar clothing to be accepted in society or be someone. If they don’t they are apt to downed and judged for not fitting in. Another form of this is the clicks in schools such as the preps, the geeks, the hoods, or just the jocks. This is where the person’s values, perceptions, human behavior and interpersonal relations come to truly be seen. Through their culture one is showing that due to someone’s income, they can not afford the nicer things and then assume that, that person is not worthy of a chance to get to know them or they cant be trusted. These are all influenced by either their family models, society or even sometimes those who are around the person daily and can impact that person.......

Words: 1704 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Should People Be Treated Equally in Society

...Should All People Be Treated Equally in a Society? Egalitarianism (from French égal, meaning "equal") - or, rarely, equalitarianism - is a trend of thought that favors equality for particular categories of, or for all, living entities ("Egalitarianism"). Egalitarian doctrines maintain that all humans are equal in fundamental worth or social status. Equity is probably one of the most fundamental values common to all people in a society. Equity can be elusive; however, it is usually defined in terms of how equals are treated by government policies and the legal system, and how we decide who these equals are. The concept of equality is multifaceted; the literature on theories of equality is immense and the application of these theories is complex. My definition of equality is the state or quality of being equal. Should people be truly treated equally? Can it ever be possible to achieve true equality even if we wanted to? No. It’s just not in our nature nor is it fair to the citizens around us. It hides people’s true talents, will cause chaos without the government, and it isn’t fair financially. Besides, no one, no country, or nothing’s perfect. We shouldn’t or can’t force everyone into thinking they’re equal and should be treated the same, it’s just never going to happen. In the novel Animal Farm (Orwell), Orwell writes about a world where animals overthrow the oppressive farmer Mr. Jones and try to construct a society based on the founding principal that all animals are......

Words: 1893 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Jared Diamond Collapse

...Camberwell Road, Camberwell, Victoria 3124, Australia (a division of Pearson Australia Group Pty Ltd) Penguin Books India Pvt Ltd, 11 Community Centre, Panchsheel Park, New Delhi—110 017, India Penguin Group (NZ), Cnr Airborne and Rosedale Roads, Albany, Auckland 1310, New Zealand (a division of Pearson New Zealand Ltd) Penguin Books (South Africa) (Pty) Ltd, 24 Sturdee Avenue, Rosebank, Johannesburg 2196, South Africa Penguin Books Ltd, Registered Offices: 80 Strand, London WC2R ORL, England First published in 2005 by Viking Penguin, a member of Penguin Group (USA) Inc. 13579 10 8642 Copyright © Jared Diamond, 2005 All rights reserved Maps by Jeffrey L. Ward LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGING IN PUBLICATION DATA Diamond, Jared M. Collapse: how societies choose to fail or succeed/Jared Diamond. p. cm. Includes index. ISBN 0-670-03337-5 1. Social history—Case studies. 2. Social change—Case studies. 3. Environmental policy— Case studies. I. Title. HN13. D5 2005 304.2'8—dc22 2004057152 This book is printed on acid-free paper. 8 Printed in the United States of America Set in Minion Designed by Francesca Belanger Without limiting the rights under copyright reserved above, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or...

Words: 235965 - Pages: 944

Free Essay

Critique Essay (Technopoly)

...David Cadillon WRTG 391 Advanced Research Writing Critique Essay 20 October 2013 Now a day’s technology is such a common part of our lives no one really stops to question what it’s taking away from society, if anything. But in 1992 Neil Postman, an author of over 200 magazines and newspaper articles, wrote the book Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology to explain the many ways technology was taking over. In his book Technopoly, Postman makes an effort to paint a picture of “when, how, and why technology became a particularly dangerous enemy” (Postman xii). In his introduction, he gives a brief history lesson of Thamus and god Theuth who was the inventor of many things (Postman p. 3) to allow the reader to think carefully of how technology has affected society. He continues to share many anecdotal examples of how technology has taken over common human interaction, but gives no solid credible facts of how technology has become the enemy. With as many metaphorical examples that he uses, he doesn’t convince me, and I don’t agree society “seeks its authorization from technology…” (Postman 71). Postman makes it seem as if technology is the end all be all of our society, when in fact, it’s not. According to Postman, society allows technology power to influence or command their thoughts, opinions, or behaviors, basically, technology runs our lives and everything in it, but I don’t think we “seek authorization” from technology as much as we......

Words: 880 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...products; a great strategy to take advantage of the e- market. Nevertheless, many customers will buy online because the products are less pricy, and often times the collection of goods is larger, and products can be shipped directly to their households. What its more, less expensive items tend have lower shipping and handling, which it’s always a great incentive for any online shopper. Conclusion Technological changes and increasingly aggressive use of information systems by businesses have several consequences. Technology affects individuals, their jobs, educational systems, governments, and society as a whole. Although computers and MIS contribute a lot to business and e-commerce, managers need to understand how businesses, technology, and society interact. Dealing with changes in privacy and security threats are increasingly important to managing a company. Evaluating changes in society also gives a manager an advantage in the marketplace. As citizens, managers should be aware of the negative and positive effects of technology. In particular, changes in technology can often lead to changes in political power and control. As a manager and a citizen, you are obligated to make ethical decisions and to understand the consequences of your actions. Increasing dependence on technology brings with it new threats to the security of the firm. Managers need to recognize and evaluate these threats and understand some of the techniques used to minimize them. The most common threats......

Words: 327 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Essay Preview

...theory and was developed in the 1950/60s; the theory is based on 4 main assumptions. Western societies are the most advanced in terms of technological, social and political terms, countries go through a series of stages on their route to becoming advanced, this path is a 'natural' form of development and there must be something preventing them from doing this and finally, these underdeveloped nations can advance without an changes taking place in the finance and trading patterns of the capitalist world. The modernisation theory is politically conservative as it sees nations being undeveloped because they lack the qualities that developed nations have, this is compared with the dependency theory who see this underdevelopment due to the exploitation of advanced nations. W.W. Rostow is one of the most notable modernisation theorists; he argued that there are a number of stages that a traditional society has to pass through to become a modern society. His work is combined with the four key elements above and his own model of stages based on the British industrial revolution. He puts forward the idea that all countries have to pass through the following five stages of economic growth. Firstly societies start off traditionally; mostly agricultural with a lack of scientific and technological knowledge, Somalia is one country who is considered to still be in this stage. Secondly a society which has had an...

Words: 398 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Value of the Individual

...over the value and importance of an individual versus the perceived public’s greater good. In his article Yi-Fu Tuan, expresses his take on the differences between what is a community, what is a society, and what is the individual. Tuan attempts to highlight some of the less appealing qualities of a community while at the same time showing the benefits of a society and praises being an individual in today’s day and age. The strongest evidence of this point comes when he says, “Society values a human individual as it values an animal species, for its unique, nonreplicable way of being… notion that individualism is selfishness is thus wide of the mark…” (Tuan, 317) Throughout the article, Tuan states that in a community, it is more important to feel a sense of belonging than a sense of who you truly are and what you have achieved. In addition, he describes his personal loves and how he couldn’t imagine someone else having the exact same set of interests, which in his mind means that there isn’t anyone else that could have affected the world and society the same way that he has. In the middle of the article, Tuan has a passage titled “Specialized Language and Community” (Tuan, 315) in which he gives a perfect example of how actually defining the difference between community and society is not as easy as it seems. Tuan tells the story of two mathematicians who were had very different lives except for their love for math and ability to understand math at a high level. The......

Words: 531 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Wall E

...Within the current era of opulence excess and waste, the movie “WALL-E” expresses the urgent need for recycling and self preservation. As a society we have lost preservation on the focus of mother earth. Our landfills are filled to an abundance and overflow of human waste that will never breakdown in our lifetime or our grandchildren’s lifetime. During our present society we have predicted an epidemic of obesity directly resulting in the need for instant gratification due to the internet. WALL-E (whose name stands for Waste Allocation Load Lifter Earth-Class) is a cute, squat robot with droopy binocular eyes who is a roving trash compactor and, in fact, the last of this breed exposes the dangers to our society and mother earth in both of these instances. As depicted in WALL-E our societies wasteful nature created the earth as a waste dump. Once there was no more room on mother earth for the humans to cohabitate with the waste, the humans were forced to result to living on space ships. WALL-E was created in attempt to compact the waste for possible re-habitation of earth. In the process WALL-E not only discovers a long forgotten life form “the flower” he also discovers the long forgotten love and companionship of “EVE” (whose name stands for Extra-terrestrial Vegetation Evaluator) who is a frictionless white pod with cathode-ray eyes who has been sent to earth to search for organic life. Although these two do not talk exactly, they......

Words: 429 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Mall of America - Case Study

...discipline throughout the week and specially parents should accompany their teenagers within the mall in order to create a healthy and safe environment for shopping.     - What rights and responsibilities do teenagers have when they shop?   ANS. This is the responsibility of parents to guide their children how to behave in a public place. There should be some kind of training programs conducted by local administration for better environment of learning for the teenagers. Teenagers have equal right of surfing in shopping malls like others do.     -What are the interests of other ‘stakeholders’ (parents, society, government, etc.)?   ANS. The parents can play vital role in development of ethics and good habits among young children. These teenagers should be preached by their parents about how to conduct/behave in public places like shopping malls. The society can publish on radio and television the documentaries in order to improve the growing age adolescent of that country; since these are the wealth of nation.     -Should the proposed escort policy be implemented? Supposing the answer is ‘yes’, how should the Mall communicate this decision?   ANS. Yes. I suggest it should be implemented. This should be announced by the authority through newspaper/broachers,...

Words: 318 - Pages: 2