Free Essay

Diabetes a Growing Health Concern

In: Other Topics

Submitted By timscar
Words 1020
Pages 5
Diabetes A Growing Health Concern in the U.S.

Diabetes A Growing Health Concern In The U.S.
According to (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011). Diabetes can affect many parts of the body and therefore can result in serious complications such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure. The pancreas makes a hormone called insulin, which in turn helps glucose to get into the cells of our bodies. When the pancreas does not produce enough insulin blood glucose levels can then become elevated and other metabolic abnormalities can occur, leading to more serious and disabling complications. Obesity is directly linked to the development of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. According to World Heart Federation (2015), “your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes and hypertension rises steeply. Statistics show that 58% of diabetes and 21% of ischemic heart disease are attributable to a BMI above 21.” (Why Obesity Causes Cardiovascular Disease).
According to "Healthy People 2020" (2014), “diabetes affects an estimated 23.6 million people in the United States and is the 7th leading cause of death.” There are three common types of diabetes (Diabetes). 1. Type II – “Results from a combination of resistance to the action of insulin and insufficient insulin production.” (HealthyPeople.gov, 2014). Type II can be controlled by a person’s diet and physical activity, losing weight and when needed, medications. 2. Type I – The body is no longer able to produce insulin. The individual must have insulin delivered by a pump or an injection with regular monitoring. 3. Gestational Diabetes – This form of diabetes is a common complication often seen in pregnancy and often more frequently seen in African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans and American Indians. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015). 4.
Affected populations by type 2 diabetes are often the minority groups. According to “Healthy People 2020" website, “minorities constitute 25% of all adult patients in the United States with diabetes. Among those, the prevalence rate for American Indians are 2 to 5 times more at risk than Caucasians. Other ethnic groups at risk for developing diabetes include African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, some Asian Americans, Native Hawaiian’s, and other Pacific Islanders. “(2014)
Other risk factors such as: 1. Older age 2. Family history of diabetes 3. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (n.d.), “A history of gestational diabetes puts the patient at a 35% to 60% greater risk over the next 10-20 years of developing diabetes.” (Page 6). 4. Inactivity 5. Race and ethnicity
Comorbidities associated with diabetes may affect many parts of the body and may be associated with other serious complications such as: 1. Coronary heart disease, heart failure, diabetic cardiomyopathy are types of heart disease directly related to having diabetes. A patient is 2 to 4 times more likely to have heart disease when diagnosed with diabetes. 2. Stroke 3. Blindness 4. Kidney failure 5. Lower limb amputation – more than 60% of non-traumatic limb amputations occur in people with diabetes. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011). 6. Periodontal gum disease is known to be common in those with diabetes. 7. Nerve disease
What can we do for prevention? Life style changes can be effective in preventing or delaying the onset of type 2 diabetes in high-risk individuals and proves to be effective in all racial and ethnic groups. 1. Start with eating healthy - fat free diet, with low fat dairy, fruits, vegetables, and whole grain breads – cereals. 2. Regular physical activity, this strengthens muscles, brisk walks at least two times weekly 3. Taking prescribed medications to lower blood glucose levels – with regular monitoring of blood sugar levels. 4. Monitoring blood sugar routinely with self-monitoring systems reduces the risk of developing eye, nerve and kidney complications of diabetes.
Other critical areas of diabetes management can be focused on reducing cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as high blood pressure, high lipid levels and tobacco use and weight management. ("National Institute Of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases", n.d.). Routine physician check-ups are imperative.
Due to a steady rise in the number of persons with diabetes, and possibly earlier onset of type 2 diabetes, there is a growing concern that there is a possibility of an increase in the number of persons with diabetes and the new changes in the current Health Care Reform leaves us with the uncertainty of the systems stability, therefore there is concern if this may overwhelm the system.
There are barriers to progress in diabetes care that include: 1. “Systems problems (challenges due to the design of health care systems”. (HealthyPeople.gov, 2014).

2. Attention and resources available per person to treat diabetes could be decreased due to the number of diabetics overall in the United States.
Medical expenses for people with diabetes are greater than two times higher than people without diabetes. “In 2004, heart disease was noted on 68% of diabetes related death certificates among those of 65 years and older. In 2008, 44% of all new cases with kidney failure, diabetes is been noted as the leading cause. Neuropathy or nervous system damage is noted in 60% to 70% of all diabetic patients.” (HealthyPeople.gov, 2014.).
Diabetes is not a disease to be ignored, and it is not a disease that will go away. We have to educate each other, our patients and their families and encourage life style changes early in life. We can make a difference.

References
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). National Diabetes Fact Sheet 2011. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2011.pdf
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Gestational Diabetes in the United States. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2011.pdf
Healthy People 2020. (2014). Diabetes. Retrieved from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/diabetes
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders. (n.d.). Changing Habits. Retrieved from http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/diet/changing-habits/Documents/Changing_Your_Habits.pdf
World Heart Federation. (2015). Cardiovascular Health. Retrieved from http://www.world-heart-federation.org/cardiovascular-health/cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors/obesity/

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Disease Trends

...Disease Trends and the Delivery of Health Care Services HCA 240 June 16, 2013 * * * This document will discuss how demographics disease trends affect the delivery of healthcare. Starting with current age composition of the United States population and how future changes will occur in the next 10 to 20 years. Next will be identifiable factors that support environmental and changing demographic trends. Providing examples of relevant diseases and how the aging trend will increase or decrease health issues and how to reduce health complications because of age. The current rate of obesity will be discussed and how it will change in the next 10 to 20 years. This paper will identify environmental and changing demographics related to the obesity trend; including examples of diseases related to this health issue. Explaining how this trend may increase or decrease health issues and how to reduce health complications. Last this document will discuss the future and how healthcare services will adapt to provide care for these trends and age-related health issues. * The current age composition of the United States population is based on two measures, estimates of the past and projections supported by assumptions on future demographic trends. Estimates gather information on existing data from several sources; whereas, projections assume what the future demographic trends will be. The current United States population is the world’s third largest population of......

Words: 1798 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Dibetes

...NRS-410V Module 5 Evidence-Based Practice Project—Paper on Diabetes Pathophysiology and Nursing Management of Clients Health – Disorders of the Digestive and Musculoskeletal System Grand Canyon University Identify a research or evidence-based article that focuses comprehensively on a specific intervention or new diagnostic tool for the treatment of diabetes in adults or children. In a paper of 750-1,000 words, summarize the main idea of the research findings for a specific patient population. Research must include clinical findings that are current, thorough, and relevant to diabetes and the nursing practice. Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required. Use of New Technologies to Improve Self-Management Support in Diabetes Patients Name September 5, 2015 NRS-410 Grand Canyon University Instructor: Providing support and care with new technologies like text messages, cell phones and the internet can improve health outcomes that are clinically relevant to diabetes by increasing self-efficacy and knowledge to carry out actions of self-management. There has been a boost in the focus studies put on intervention and diagnostic methods for diabetes and, as a result, there are many materials available concerning how use of cell phones and the internet can improve self-management behaviors in different groups. The following......

Words: 1905 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Sedentary Lifestyle and Unhealthy Outcomes

...Purdue University | Sitting Kills… | A brief overview of sedentary lifestyle behaviors and their health outcomes | McCombs, Brandon William 11/14/2013 | Introduction Sedentary behavior and leisure time sitting have increased over the last few decades. As a result negative health outcomes such as hypertension, obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases have exponentially increased. Sedentary activities consist of, but are not limited to, commuting to and from work, watching TV, reading, and sitting at work. Over the last half century the transition from manual labor to a more occupational sitting has led to increased sedentary behavior. This coupled with increased home and leisure time activities due to technological advances, such as TV and computer usage, has drastically increased time spent sitting for adults inside and outside of the workplace. Data has been collected and used for research over several decades to combat this growing issue of poor health amongst adults. Previous research has shown a direct correlation between sedentary behavior and obesity along with other negative health concerns. With these results a need to increase awareness on the subject has risen with proactive solutions being introduced in today’s social institutions. Research Design & Methods Data was commonly collected through in-home interviews, questionnaires, surveys sent through the mail, and other larger databases. These surveys and questionnaires consisted......

Words: 1411 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

The Future of Healthcare

...Disease Trends and the Delivery of Health Care Services Final Project Erica Pendergrass Axia college 1/15/2012 Many health care professional have great concerns about the growth of the aging population, chronic disease and the epidemic of obesity, and how will the United States healthcare system prepared for this continuing epidemic. The fact that the aging population along with obesity epidemic is a global healthcare concern, many health cares’ professional is baffled about how to address the growing epidemic that many American’s will face. . According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2003) the population aged greater than 65 years is estimated to reach 19.2% in 2030, an increase from 12.4% in 2000. To break the growth down by age; the population age 65 and older is estimated to increase from 35 million in 2000 to 75 million in 2030, and people age 80 and older will increase from 9.3 million to 20 million. Except for Alaska and California, 48 states, by the year 2025, will see an average of 15% of their population age 65 and older, led by Florida with 26%. The aging phenomenon has several combining factors that play a part of the growing population; Age Dynamics: The elevated fertility rate (baby boom) from 1946 to 1964. Decline in Fertility Rate: The decrease of young people reproducing has caused an automatic increase of older people. Longevity increase: Life expectancy has increased 20 years due in part to improvements in healthcare and......

Words: 1457 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Gestational Diabetes and the Effects It Has on Mothers and Neonates

...Case study – Gestational Diabetes and the effects it has on mothers and neonates As midwifery becomes more complicated and the numbers of women becoming pregnant, who present with or develop medical conditions which can impact on the health of themselves and their babies increases; it is important midwives are knowledgeable in order to recognise and help manage the risks and complications that may arise as a result of these conditions. Furthermore able to discuss these risks with expectant mothers and their families, to ensure women are able to make informed decisions about care which they receive, even if choices available to them are restricted as a result of the condition which they are suffering from. For this case study I have decided to explore diabetes and the affects it has on care mothers and their babies require antenatally, during the intrapartum period and postnatally. As 87.5% of pregnancies affected by diabetes are due to the development of gestational diabetes (NICE,2008) and therefore the most common type, I have decided to focus on gestational diabetes, although many of the guidelines put in place are similar when caring for women who have diabetes prior to becoming pregnant. With no previous medical experience prior to embarking on my midwifery degree, I had limited knowledge of gestational diabetes and the impact it can have on women physically and emotionally; especially if left undiagnosed or the care they receive is lacking. I wanted to gain a......

Words: 1973 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Lkjl

...While Many people see obesity as a minor problem, People  should be properly educated on obesity because It causes serious  risk to your health, Children become part of the problem,mainly  because they can't control what they consume, and It is a  problem worldwide.  My topic is on obesity which is pretty much self explanatory.  Obesity is what some of the doctors call as the “New American  Epidemic”. Obesity is, easily, one of america's fastest growing  health concern, that not only affects adults but also children. It is  also estimated that eight out of ten people over the age of  twenty­five are overweight.   Note#3  My topic matters mainly because it is a major problem in my  community and worldwide. Also, many people don’t take this  problem serious enough which is why it is a rapid growing health  concern.   Note#4  Many people see obesity as a minor problem, I see it as a major  problem that is actually not just in the america’s but is also a  problem worldwide. For example, worldwide obesity has more  than doubled since the 1980’s. Also, most of the world’s  population lives in countries where being overweight and obese  kills more people than being underweight.  Note#5  Second many people should be properly educated on obesity  because of the major health problems that it develops. For  example, being obese could lead to Type 2 diabetes(also  diabetes is a leading cause to early death), Metabolic  Syndrome(is a name for a group of risk......

Words: 454 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

None

...EPIDEMIOLOGY ASSIGNMENT. TOPIC: DIABETES MELLITUS IN THE UK INTRODUCTION: The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) 2013, define diabetes as a chronic ailment that occur when the pancreas can't process insulin or the body can't make utilization of the insulin produce by the pancreas and this can leads to hyperglycemia which is the increase in the blood glucose, insulin is an hormone produce by the pancreas and it helps to transfer glucose from the blood stream into the cells in the other to generate energy that the body need to function. (IDF 2013) TYPES OF DIABETES INCLUDE; Type 1 diabetes which was formerly known as juvenile or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and it is characterize by lack of insulin manufacture in the body and is usually an autoimmune disease to damage the insulin secreting cells in the pancreas, this type of diabetes is common in children or young adults, the treatment of type 1 diabetes is immediate and frequent administration of insulin and regular monitoring of the blood glucose and this should be a continuous routine because the insulin is life preserving.(IDF 2013) Type 2 diabetes earlier known as non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), is a very general type of diabetes in the UK and its account for about 90% of all cases of diabetes and it is characterize by an asymptomatic phase that is the does not present any symptoms or sign from the onset of infection to when it’s been diagnose in the body and this can take......

Words: 660 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Health Promotion Among the Hispanic Population

...head: Health Promotion Among the Hispanic Population Heather Cole Grand Canyon University NRS-429V-0506 December 6, 2014 The Hispanic and Latino population is made up from a combination of people from Spain, Mexico, Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Spanish speaking nations of Central and South America and the Caribbean. According to the Census Bureau in 2010, 36% of America is part of a racial or ethnic minority group, and 17% of the total population of the United States of America is Hispanic (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). This minority group’s health has many factors affecting it, and like the rest of America the top causes of death are cancer and heart disease. Unlike the rest of America though, another leading cause of death is from injuries (CDC, 2014). Socioeconomically, Hispanic men tend to have higher risk jobs than white men, with more chance of injury, and the homicide rate for Hispanic men is three times that of white men (Escarce, Morales & Rumbaut, 2006). The population of new immigrants is usually part of the lower rungs of our socio economic system. Migrating for work, and living in poverty, they have little to no political power and there is often a fear of those in control (Page-Reeves, Niforatos, Mishra, Regino, Gingrich & Bulten, 2013). In 2012, 23% of students in elementary and high school were Hispanic, but less than 7% were college students (CDC, 2014). Education needs to be prioritized in these communities, including health......

Words: 1099 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Japan Childhood Obesity Cultural Debate

...As discussed in our debate paper obesity is on the rise and has been a growing health concerns for the United States for many years. Childhood obesity has become an epidemic issue worldwide and some Asian countries are seeing an increase among childhood obesity for instance, country like Japan. Before discussing the obesity issues in Japan there are cultural differences that needs to be taken into consideration in order to fully understand the reason for the increase of childhood obesity among the Japanese There are numerous connotations to describe and point out differences of one’s culture, many sociologists describe culture as an adoption and process of behavioral patterns that influence people within a society. Cultural factors that play a key role in the increase of obesity within the Japanese population are; attitudes and customs. Japan’s cultural and eating habits has for many years included a seafood-based cuisine, rice and fresh vegetables. Japanese food portions are smaller compared to American portions and simply prepared with fresh ingredients. 50 Years ago a stable meal consisted of soup and rice three meals a day. With the adaption of Westernized eating habits, Japanese are eating bigger portions for breakfast, eating lighter lunch and having a big dinner. With the influence of bigger portions, Japanese are increasing their diets with more sweets and fatty calorie rich foods. With a change in life styles and a more westernized eating habits, there has......

Words: 468 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Native American Health

...Health Care Disparities of Native Americans Grand Canyon University Health Care Disparities of Native Americans For many years, the Native American lived a balanced, spiritual lifestyle in which the body played a vital role in the trio with the spirit and mind. One may presume the Native American to be the least at risk for health issues. Yet, they are plagued with several risk factors for chronic diseases. In fact, one adult Native American out of five will suffer from two or more chronic health issues (CDC, 2014). How did a racial community evolve from living off the land full of fresh vegetables, and fishing for lean proteins to be found with such a downtrodden health care outlook? This essay will answer this introductory question as a compare and contrast to non-American Natives’ health statuses are presented. Today, healthy living and good nutrition is not a common finding within 566 known tribal communities or more than 5.2 million American Indians existing within the United States (CDC, 2014). The American Indian is categorically within the highest risk for many chronic diseases such as diabetes, obesity, and alcoholism. Motor vehicle related injuries and deaths rates are also estimated to be 2-4 times the rates of other races and ethnicities. Infant death rates are also significantly higher compared to non-American Indian families (CDC, 2014). To Native Americans health promotion involves a holistic view. A harmony exists......

Words: 840 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Review of Literature

...literature According to World Health Organization (WHO), (2004) defined health as ‘ the complete physical , mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity’. Health promotion has an important role to keep people in good health and prevent and treat community and rehabilitate from the diseases. It needs good knowledge about the health risks and reduces the risks in the societies. Definition The World Health Organization defined health promotion as the process which enables people to improve control over the determinants of health and as a result to improve their own health( WHO; 2007). Health promotion encompasses strategies that allow population to be healthy and enable them to make healthy choices. There are two types of strategies, individual and passive or active strategy. Purpose of health promotion Health promotion is cost- effective. The health promotion services are high in demand due to many preventable health problems such as obesity, diabetes, hypertension and other chronic diseases. Health education helps the individual, community and group to advance their health, knowledge and attitude. Educating people about health promotion, physical activity, vaccination, safe driving, smoking and other growing health concerns. Educating health workers can promote the health status of communities and populations. Nursing roles and responsibilities Nurses play an important role in health promotion and prevention of......

Words: 820 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Letter

...December 2, 2011 Mr. Barack Obama White house 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW Washington, DC 20500 Dear Mr. Obama I have some serious concern about the direction of the health of our nation. Well as 2010 as gone by the Healthy People 2010 has to be redone. It setting the new goals for 2020 I would like if we could get you support one of the goals. I know there are many objectives and sub-goals of Healthy People 2020, so I want to tell you about an area that deservers your attention and support. Let me tell you a story about an Ohio woman. Can you imagine having your child taken away from your custody? Well this Lady had her child taken from her; her son was in the third grade. This may seem shocking but it's true. So why am I tell you that some lady had her child taken from her? It is because this third grader weighed more than 200 pounds and that was after he lost some weight. This is not the only case of Childs be taken away from their parents weight do to obesity. My question to you is how have we left the youth of our nation get so big? How does a third grader weigh as much as a fully grown man? It is obvious that Healthy People 2010 has failed at helping the youth of the nation overcome obesity. That is why I am writing to you the President to get your support on this issue of childhood obesity. This is an issue that effects thousands of our youth. Now study shows that it does seem like it is going to get better in the near future. Over the past 30......

Words: 1327 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Health Promotion Among Diverse Populations

...Health Promotion among Diverse Populations *************** Grand Canyon University NRS 249-V February 25, 2015 The most recent estimate shows that the Hispanic population as of July 1, 2013 is roughly Fifty-four million, living in the United States (U.S.). This is approximately seventeen percent of the total population. It is estimated that by the year 2060 they will grow to 128.8 million, thirty one percent of the U.S. population (Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, 2015) (CDC). This population will test the health care community to keep up with their growth, needs, and cultural challenges. This author has chosen to analyze the health status of this growing Hispanic community. Hispanics are made up of Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, South or Central Americans, or other Spanish culture or origin. Mexicans are ranked as the largest percentage of the group at sixty-four percent (CDC, 2015). As a health care provider, gaining cultural insight for this ethnic group will help to ensure that you can communicate and understanding their needs. Race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status and education can all effect the health of the Hispanic community. Socioeconomic status is linked to nearly all health outcomes. A large percentage of Hispanics do not complete high school and their income is less than the federal poverty level in comparison to white, non-Hispanics. People with both of these factors have the worse health outcomes...

Words: 959 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Disease Trends and the Delivery of Health Care Services

...Disease Trends and the Delivery of Health Care Services The health care delivery services have changed dramatically over the years, this service has made some major improvements since it began. Within today’s health care system advancements have been made to prolong life expectancies and a person’s quality of life. As everyone knows the cost of providing health care is expensive and not always easy to accomplish. The cost, accessibility, along with the quality of care is a challenge that the health care system faces in order to provide people with needed health care. Education of disease trends and keeping the public informed have been a very good impact on today’s society. With the help of organizations such as the World Health Organization and the Center for Disease Control, who have been strategic in providing information to each other and the nation about potential life threatening disease that can and could affect the world’s population; along with how to prevent disease from spreading among communities that where a person lives. Even though there are some diseases, which are preventable today, and there are new diseases popping up all the time, and it is not impossible to find cures for them right away. There will always be a chance of catching a form of disease or illness within a person’s lifetime; also there are many factors, which can affect the health delivery systems in many forms. The middle age adults of the world’s population are increasing; the......

Words: 1879 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Analysing Marketing Opportunities

...MAR11 – Marketing Theory and Practice Assignment 1: Analysing Marketing Opportunities Clare Perry Student ID NO. 23636173 Tutor: Johnathon Pura Due Date: 29th June 2011 Word Count: 2191 ‘YUM YUM GRAINS’ AND THE MARKETING MIX Introduction ‘Yum Yum Grain’s was established in 1998, founded in rural Victoria and is a leading manufacturer of breakfast cereals, specialising in kids breakfast cereals and snacks. Their main focus is their values, being Healthy, substantial, tasty and economical. Aware of the increase in child obesity and diabetes in Australia, ‘Yum Yum Grains’ provides parents the confidence their child is going to school with a healthy balanced breakfast. For the purpose of this assignment I am basing it on the marketing analysis of their new product “Kaleidoscope’s”. Each product has its own target market. A market is ‘the set of all actual and potential buyers of a product’ (Kotler P; Brown L; Adam S; Burton S; Armstrong G . 2007 pg 11, Marketing 7th ed. Pearsons Education Australia). The breakfast Cereal market consists of all the actual and potential buyers of a breakfast cereal. The purpose of this assignment is to identify the trends within the six macro-environments and how they could impact upon “Yum Yum Grains” target market. Analysis of Macro-environments The marketing environment consists of the actors and forces that affect the marketing management’s ability to develop and maintain successful transactions with its target customers....

Words: 2527 - Pages: 11