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Dorothy Orem


Submitted By jennyve1208
Words 1542
Pages 7
Dorothea Orem
Jennifer VandenEykel
University of Phoenix
NUR 403 Theories and Models of Nursing Practice January 8, 2012 Mary McGill, RN, MSN


Nursing Theorist Grid

Theorist Selected: Dorothea Orem

Description of Theory: “ The central philosophy of the self-care deficit Nursing theory is that all patients want to care for themselves, and they are able to recover more quickly and holistically by performing their own self-care as much as they are able. “ (, 2011) There are three requirements to the self-care theory. The first requirement is the patient to be able to obtain basic human needs: air, food, rest and water. The second area that is a necessity is the maturity level the ability of that person to know when there is a chance of compromise in their growth and development. The final are is when it is necessary for the nurse to step in to provide care, support and education for the patient to maintain health. To summarize the beliefs of Dorothea Orem she strongly believes that a person should strive to provide care for themselves and members of their family. When a person is able to meet the standard self care needs and maintain the proper state of well-being according to their developmental stage they are at an optimal state of health. A person must take opportunities presented to them for receiving education about preventing health problems. Ultimately a person is either independent about their care or in a dependent state and on must remember that all behavior is learned.

Theory’s Historical background: Dorothea Orem published her works in 1971. The first group to use her theories was the Nursing Development Conference Group. The group used the theories in the clinical settings when working with nursing students. Eventually the use of the theory filtered down

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