Premium Essay

Early Childhood Age


Submitted By santiagomarjorie
Words 836
Pages 4
Developmentally appropriate practice OVERVIEW

Developmentally appropriate practice, often shortened to DAP, is an approach to teaching grounded in the research on how young children develop and learn and in what is known about effective early education. Its framework is designed to promote young children’s optimal learning and development.

DAP involves teachers meeting young children where they are (by stage of development), both as individuals and as part of a group; and helping each child meet challenging and achievable learning goals.


• Knowing about child development and learning.
Knowing what is typical at each age and stage of early development is crucial. This knowledge, based on research, helps us decide which experiences are best for children’s learning and development.
• Knowing what is individually appropriate.
What we learn about specific children helps us teach and care for each child as an individual. By continually observing children’s play and interaction with the physical environment and others, we learn about each child’s interests, abilities, and developmental progress.
• Knowing what is culturally important.
We must make an effort to get to know the children’s families and learn about the values, expectations, and factors that shape their lives at home and in their communities. This background information helps us provide meaningful, relevant, and respectful learning experiences for each child and family.

Early Childhood Age-Group and Setting

I would like to use as the focus for my entire Course Project the following age group: Young Toddlers (1 year to 2.5 years old).

In the state of Connecticut, child care centers are required to have a minimum ratio of 1:4 for children under age 3, and 1:10 for children above age 3. For providers caring for mixed-age groups, the 1:4 ratio should be

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Early Childhood

...Early childhood development: Name of student: Name of institution: Introduction In the early childhood development stage, quality skills are required by the preschool teacher or the ECD professionals. This is very necessary if the child is to have a good growth. It is very necessary for the future preschool teachers to incorporate these skills so as to achieve success in the early childhood development (McCartney, 2006). There are also various necessary qualities and behaviors that are needed in early childhood development that every preschool teacher should learn. Early childhood development refers to the changes that occur in the human from the time of birth up to the time when adolescence end. In this stage, it incorporates the behavioral changes in the child. It also involves the physiological changes that occur in the children. The preschool teacher has to hence incorporate various skills for the success of her teaching. Moreover, the early childhood development also involves the biological changes that occur in the children between the time of birth and the period where the adolescence age ends. The infants are born when their skills are very low. It is hence the work of the preschool teachers to improve these skills in the child’s life. They have also limited abilities hence much need to be done so as to improve their skills and abilities. In the early childhood development, one learned the way the child lives and hence shapes their development skills (Trawick-Smith...

Words: 1134 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

First Random Upload

...A Report on Becoming an Early Childhood Educator Introduction A career in early childhood education could be a very rewarding young for anyone who enjoys working with young children, and has a passion for teaching. The work of an early childhood educator is no doubt important, but also fun and high-energy. With all the advances in education, young children are now being given the tools to learn and grow at a faster rate than ever. Submitting ECEs to many of Canada’s child and youth programs allow for this expanding degree to flourish into a promising career choice throughout all of North America. As long as we continue to have children, we will always need someone qualified to teach them. Job Description Early childhood educators are responsible for caring for infants, and young children between the ages of 0 to 12. The needs of children’s physical, emotional, social and education must all be met and cared for by the educator. ECEs work alongside grade school teachers, principals, directors of recreation centers, day cares, ect, to provide a happy and healthy learning environment for youth. Duties Some of the duties of an early childhood educator: * Plan and utilize lesson plans, based on the needs of the children in your care. This can be based on age groups, physical needs, social structure, cultural beliefs, education level, ect. * Observe the development of children, their behaviors and growth, and relay these obviations with the parents/guardians ...

Words: 806 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Manage a Quality Curriculum

...UNIT TITLE: International Perspectives in Early Education & Childcare UNIT NO: DF86 35 UNIT TITLE: Managing a Quality Curriculum UNIT NO: DN89 35 PART 1 “Critically analyse a documented element of international good practice and make a comparison with a similar documented element in Scotland.” A documented element of good practice within “The Swedish National Curriculum” is their great value for gender equity within the early year’s education system. All Swedish early education establishments are in agreement with the values in which the Swedish society is based on (Ministry of Education & Science, 2010). Two of these values are; equality between the genders and equal rights of all people. They specify that both boys and girls should have the same opportunities to develop and explore their abilities/interests without limitations of stereotyped gender roles. Accordingly, early childhood professionals should work to counteract these traditional gender patterns and roles. This is handled in everyday practice in Swedish preschools by ensuring that all staff has a firm qualification enabling them to do so effectively within nurseries. The Swedish Government received indications that practitioners were found to not challenge conventional concepts of gender, but were contributing to them in different ways. So therefore, the Government funded a “gender pedagogue education program” in 2002. The purpose was to educate early childcare practitioners with unique awareness...

Words: 1140 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Early Childhood Development

...PROMOTES SCHOOL SUCCESS FOR EVERY CHILD OF EVERY AGE Harvard Family Research Project Harvard Graduate School of Education HARVARD FAMILY RESEARCH PROJECT  NO. 1 in a series  SPRING 2006 Family Involvement IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION  The family seems to be the most effective and economical system for fostering and sustaining the child’s development. Without family involvement, intervention is likely to be unsuccessful, and what few effects are achieved are likely to disappear once the intervention is discontinued.1 —Urie Bronfenbrenner This brief is dedicated to Urie Bronfenbrenner (1917–2005) whose pioneering research influenced the work of Harvard Family Research Project. Introduction Family involvement matters for young children’s cognitive and social development. But what do effective involvement processes look like, and how do they occur? This research brief summarizes the latest evidence base on effective involvement—that is, the research studies that link family involvement in early childhood to outcomes and programs that have been evaluated to show what works. The conceptual framework guiding this research review is complementary learning. Harvard Family Research Project (HFRP) believes that for children and youth to be successful from birth through adolescence, there must be an array of learning supports around them. These learning supports include families, early childhood programs, schools, outof-school time programs...

Words: 7085 - Pages: 29

Premium Essay

Early Childhood

...Though early childhood program aren’t mandatory, they can benefit children. The main goal of an early childhood program is to help children develop cognitively and socially and also to introduce them to the school setting and prepare them for elementary school. Through early childhood programs, children gain long-lasting academic and social benefit that will benefit them throughout their lives. To run an effective program, an early childhood program should set specific goals and objective. The Early Childhood Education Program has been created to provide an enriched environment for early age children, which benefits their intellectual, physical, emotional, and social development. Increasingly, research shows that quality preschool programs reduce the need for remedial classes in subsequent grade levels. During the preschool years, children develop characteristics which will affect their lifelong love of learning. The Early Childhood program has created an environment that has the children and their parents identified as the focus. Each family brings to the program values, language, diversity, and traditional customs and therefore, recognizes the importance of forming a partnership with the parents to create a positive experience for all child. A place where children are loved not on the basis of sex, sexual orientation, gender, ethnic group identification, race, ancestry, national origin, religion, color, or mental...

Words: 336 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Characteristics of Professional Development Linked to Enhanced Pedagogy and Children’s Learning in Early Childhood Settings

...Characteristics of professional development linked to enhanced pedagogy and children’s learning in early childhood settings: Best Evidence Synthesis July 2003 Characteristics of professional development linked to enhanced pedagogy and children’s learning in early childhood settings: Best Evidence Synthesis October 2003 This report is one of a series of best evidence syntheses commissioned by the Ministry of Education. It is part of a commitment to strengthen the evidence base that informs education policy and practice in New Zealand. It aims to contribute to an ongoing evidence-based discourse amongst policy makers, educators and researchers. The best evidence synthesis approach is being developed in collaboration with researchers. It draws together in a systematic way the available evidence about what works to improve education outcomes, and what can make a bigger difference for the education of all our children and young people. Prepared for the Ministry of Education Authors Linda Mitchell and Pam Cubey Copyright © Ministry of Education PO Box 1666 Wellington ISBN 0-478-18773-4 Web ISBN ISBN 0-478-18774-2 Characteristics of professional development linked to enhanced pedagogy and children’s learning in early childhood settings Best Evidence Synthesis Report prepared for the New Zealand Ministry of Education Linda Mitchell and Pam Cubey July 2003 New Zealand Council for Educational Research P O Box 3237 ...

Words: 59345 - Pages: 238

Premium Essay

Preparing for a Career in Early Childhood Education Project Unit 2

...JOB | Summary of Position | Education Preferred/Required | Skills/Requirements | My Input | Preschool Teacher | Plans and implements activities that promote the social, physical, and intellectual growth of children. This person is responsible for the care, hygiene, learning, and developmental activities, specialized programs, and redirection of children. They also communicate directly with parents and maintain classroom records, cleanliness, and orderliness. | Bachelor’s Degree in Education or related field and/or state education requirements for a Teacher requiredDegree in Early Childhood Education or related area highly desirable | 3+ years of early childhood education experience desirable, 4+ years of experience working with assigned age group desirable, Excellent organizational skills required, Ability to be flexible in assignment and work hours required, CPR and First Aid Certification or willingness to obtain desirable, Excellent verbal, listening, and written communication skills required | I also feel it is important to keep a report of what the children learn each week to help keep the parents involved, and it is also important to ALWAYS communicate with the parent. Also interact with children in a respectful and educational and fun manner. I also feel it is important to be able to plan a curriculum | Toddler Teacher | Each day, our teachers have the opportunity to make a difference in the lives of children and families. You will work in an environment that values...

Words: 530 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...Barr, R., Muentener, P., & Garica, A. (2007). Age-related changes in deferred imitation from television by 6- to 18-month-olds. Developmental Science, 10(6), 910- 921. This study was designed to gauge the growing body of evidence that examines infant imitation from television both immediately and after a delay. Children were tested in two very controlled manners for this study that only deviated in one way. Some children were shown a demonstration in person (3D) and the others were shown the exact same demonstration via television (2D). This was the only difference in the two demonstrations and therefore created no bias. The study found that imitation from television can occur in infants as early as 6 months of age. The findings of this study also suggest that imitation from television continues to be challenging throughout the second year of life, but repetition may be the key. The results of this study raise several questions and further research is required to disentangle perceptual and representational/cognitive load explanations. This source would be very useful in my research and provides information from an unwavering study that produced very clear and concise results. Barr, R., Shuck, L., Salerno, K., Atkinson , E., & Linebarger , D. (2010). Music interferes with learning from television during infancy. Infant and Child Development , 19, 313-331. Retrieved from doi: 10.1002/ icd.666 This study was conducted to expand on previous...

Words: 1674 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Digital Story Reading

...been seen that acquiring a normal vocabulary is prerequisite for reading comprehension (Becker, 1977; Chall & Conard, 1991: Chall et al., 1990). This means that for a child to become a successful reader by the time he enters elementary he must be able to acquire the vocabulary necessary for his age. However, unlike phonics and other literacy skills, building basic vocabulary requires continuing support and there must be ongoing effort to introduce and explain new vocabulary (Hassan, 2012). Although the usual approach of presenting students with list of words to be mastered has been proven effective, research tells us that a great deal of vocabulary acquisition can take place through reading (Cho &n Choi, 2008; Elley, 1989, 1991; Vivas, 1996; Mason & Krashen, 2004; Krashen, 2004; Wang & Lee, 2007). As early as infants, children are being exposed to printed storybooks where they encounter new words to enhance their vocabulary. Research shows that reading to babies and toddlers yields promising results. Children who were exposed to story reading at an early age demonstrate greater language comprehension and larger vocabularies (Jacobson, 2006). Early childhood educators are now looking at other possibilities as to how story reading can become more effective as well as more interesting to young children to support vocabulary acquisition even further. One of these possibilities is the using technology as a tool for story reading and, consequently, for vocabulary...

Words: 2934 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Appropriate Classroom Environments

...with my Vision, Mission and Philosophy I created in week one. To implement developmentally appropriate practices in the early years, it is vital for teachers to be aware of the developmental characteristics of the children they teach. This enables teachers to successfully support the child’s progress toward becoming well-adjusted, confident, and thoughtful learners. The components of a child’s learning is also very important (Eliason, Jenkins pg. 3). Educators and other concerned people need to determine how to best provide for the needs of young children and enable all children to reach their full potential. All children should be provided with high quality childcare regardless of their gender, race, religion or economic situation. All teachers should be highly trained, thoughtful, enthusiastic, creative, empathetic, hopeful, tolerant, understanding, warm, and nurturing (Eliason, Jenkins pg. 29). The importance of play in early childhood education is significant to the child’s development. Young children explore and learn through their environment. During play children learn how things work, they build social skills and learn how to solve problems. Children are active young learners that need a stimulating environment for healthy growth and development. As educators we can offer learning through a variety of activities, games and play. Whatever the age group the materials in the classroom need to meet the needs of the children in that room. Whether a special needs class or...

Words: 1396 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...University of Nebraska - Lincoln DigitalCommons@University of Nebraska - Lincoln Open Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences 4-9-2013 Education and Human Sciences, College of (CEHS) Predictors of Preschool Children's Peer Interactions: Temperament and Prosocial Behavior Ibrahim H. Acar University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Follow this and additional works at: Part of the Child Psychology Commons Acar, Ibrahim H., "Predictors of Preschool Children's Peer Interactions: Temperament and Prosocial Behavior" (2013). Open Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences. Paper 170. This Article is brought to you for free and open access by the Education and Human Sciences, College of (CEHS) at DigitalCommons@University of Nebraska - Lincoln. It has been accepted for inclusion in Open Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences by an authorized administrator of DigitalCommons@University of Nebraska - Lincoln. PREDICTORS OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN’S PEER INTERACTIONS: TEMPERAMENT AND PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR by Ibrahim H. Acar A THESIS Presented to the Faculty of The Graduate College at the University of Nebraska In Partial Fulfillment of Requirements For the Degree of Master of Science Major: Child, Youth, & Family Studies Under the Supervision of Professor Julia...

Words: 15105 - Pages: 61

Premium Essay

Benefits of Children

...A Child’s early years are extremely critical. Their development, socialization, and language skills are developing and are very important to develop strong. Having children in early childhood education has also reduced the need for special education services, reduced grade repetition and there are fewer behavioral problems in school. Most of the positives that can come from a child attending early childhood education programs are amazing. Early childhood is important to a child’s future. “Research shows the benefits to the child include readiness to learn improved literacy, decreased need for special education placement and improved cognitive skills. Research also shows long terms effects include confidence and more participation in post secondary education. “(Pennsylvania Economy League, 2009) Teachers spend a lot of time trying to catch children up in kindergarten, by placing children in early childhood programs they won’t need to be caught up and can increase the students chances for success. We put a emphasis on the ages between 3-5 is when the human brain is underdeveloped. Young children who interact in avid learning progress more cognitively then those who do not. Access to education can help with positive improvement in these areas, not only because the children can learn from teachers but also because of the many social interactions available in the classroom environment. not to mention having children in preschool can reduce the severity of many disabilities. if children...

Words: 349 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Children First

...Title of module: Early Care & Education Practice Module Code: 5N1770 Level: 5 Assessment Technique: Assignment 1 Assessment Weighting: 30% Date Brief Issued: 22nd September 2015 Assessment Submission Date: 3rd November 2015 Assignment title: Historical Perspective on the development of the ECCE sector in Ireland Introduction: Aim: My aim is to investigate and present a comprehensive and informative profile of the history of the Early Childhood Education and Care (ECCE) sector today in Ireland. Objectives: My objectives are to: * Present informative overview of the history of the ECCE provision in Ireland and the development of the ECCE sector. * Examine and provide a detailed description of the legal regulations and the rights of the child in the ECCE sector in Ireland today. * Present range of occupations of the ECCE sector in Ireland and their role. * Investigate the qualifications and experience necessary with one chosen occupation in the ECCE sector. * Investigate career opportunities that are available in the childcare sector. Rationale: It is important for me to have a good knowledge and the history of the ECCE provision in Ireland as this is my chosen career. It is very important for me to understand how the Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) has progressed over the years and also investigate the different range of occupations in the ECCE sector. As it’s my chosen career it is important for me to have a good...

Words: 3952 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay


...letter I represents Intellectual Development which as the characteristics of creativity, labeling shapes and objects, solving problems, developing planning skills, compare and contrast materials, and cause and effect relationships. Language Development stands for the letter L and its characteristics are names for the materials, talking about art works, and expressing words and feelings. The last two letters E and S stand for Emotional Development and Social Development. They actually share the same characteristics of express feelings/ understand other’s feelings, channel anger in acceptable way, assert individuality, pride and self-esteem, share and cooperate, explore social roles, and task completion. All of those are very important in early childhood education. Physical Development is interrelated with social development because the development of growth of a child’s body, muscles, and senses directly affects how a child relates, plays and talks to others. When a child is not progressing properly in physical development they will also fall behind in their social relations with their peers or a child that’s growth is more rapid may be mistaken for being older and begin social relationships with peers older than them because their peers may think they...

Words: 490 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Early Childhood Education

...Early Childhood Education Jenelle Johnson PSYC2700 - Child Development U03a1 Early Childhood Education Capella University December, 2014 Early Childhood Education Early childhood education is education that is geared for children three to eight years old, however, early childhood education can start as early as infants at birth through the age of eight years old. Early childhood programs were developed for all children who could not otherwise afford quality preschool or daycare programs. It is the belief that all children benefit from education at an early age. Early education is important to the development of these young children. These programs offer assistance, resources, and education to both the children and parents. Programs all over the world have been implemented to help young impoverished children have an early start to education. This paper will discuss the policy of the Head Start Act, the benefits of receiving early childhood education, and characteristics of a good high quality early childhood program. Early childhood is an important time for children as they grow and learn so much. So many important factors such as health and nutrition, economic status, education and daycare programs, and positive effective parenting are all huge factors that can have an effect of the development process of the young child. Because of the importance of all these variables, programs have been developed and policies have been made to assure that all children have...

Words: 1420 - Pages: 6