Premium Essay

English Profeciency

In: English and Literature

Submitted By joshella
Words 115272
Pages 462
English Language Proficiency
Assessment in the Nation:

Edited by Jamal Abedi

U N I V E R S I T Y O F C A L I F O R N I A , D AV I S • S C H O O L O F E D U C A T I O N

Copyright © 2007 The Regents of the University of California
The work reported herein was supported in part by the National Research and Development Centers, PR/Award
Number R305A050004, as administered by the U.S. Department of Education’s Institute of Education Sciences (IES).
The findings and opinions expressed in this report are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the positions or policies of the Institute of Education Sciences, or the U.S. Department of Education.


his study required the participation of all fifty states, their assessment directors, particularly those involved with the NCLB Title III assessments. Their cooperation and patience is much appreciated, and their dedication to educating young people is greatly admired.
We cannot thank the states enough for their collaboration with this project.
Many people generously contributed to the development of this report. We are especially indebted to the chapter authors for their invaluable contributions and for their patience throughout this process. Sue Rigney from the
U.S. Department of Education contributed greatly to the quality of this work by providing excellent comments and suggestions. We are so grateful for her support, advice and contribution to this report. Kathleen Leos of the U.S.
Department of Education also provided useful comments.
We appreciate her support as well. We are also so grateful to Dean Harold Levine for his support, Veena Nambiar,
Susan Porter, Jisel Vega, and Lisa Sullivan for their contributions to this work.
Veena Nambiar (a UC Davis doctoral student) helped in this study by reading the initial version of some of the chapters of this report and by...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Effects of Jeje Language to English Profeciency

...Jejemons don't want this so they made their words longer.[3] Most Jejemons are poor.[1][2][5] People who are Jejemons are described based on levels. These are "mild," "moderate", "severe", or "terminal."[6] Jejenese and Jejebet Jejenese jEJ3n3Se Native to Philippines Ethnicity Jejemon Language family Creole Taglish and Englog Jejenese Writing system Jejebet Language codes ISO 639-2 cpe ISO 639-3 – Jejemons speak Jejenese based on Taglish and Englog.[2][1] Their alphabet, Jejebet, is based on Leet. Words are created by mixing letters in a word, mixed large and small letters, using the letters H, X or Z many times, and mixing of numbers in words.[2] The spelling is the same as Leetspeak. Examples English Tagalog Jejenese I would like to know more about you, care to tell me your name? Hehehehe! Nais kitang makilala, maaari mo bang masabi sa akin ang iyong pangalan? Hahaha! i wuD LLyK tO knOw moR3 bOut u. crE 2 t3ll mE yur N@me? jejejejeje! Hello, how are you? Maligayang bati po, kamusta na? 3ow ph0w, mUsZtAh nA? I miss you! Sabik na kitang makita! iMiszqcKyuH! Hello. Maligayang bati po. eEoWpFhUeEhsxz. I love you. Mahal kita. lAbqCkyOuHh. How are you? Kamusta? uZtaH? I ako aQcKuHh you (sg.) ikaw yuHh you (pl.) kayo kEo po (for politeness) pfHoE po (same as above) ph0w hahaha (laughter) jAjaJa hehehe (smart laughter) jeJejE Reactions Facebook fan pages were made in support and against the......

Words: 429 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Social Networking- a Menace to Student's English Language Profeciency

...language. This word abbreviated Morse Code like grammar sweeps from computer to phone on social networking sites such as Facebook, MySpace and Twitter. “Written communication in instant messaging, text messaging, chat and other forms of electronic communication have generated a “new language” of abbreviations, acronyms, word combinations, and punctuation.” (Varnhagen et al., 2009, p. 1) According to media sources participating on social networking sites and instant messaging is having a negative impact on the use of the English language. Most at risk according to these sources are our younger generations. It threatens youth literacy because it creates and compounds undesirable reading and writing habits and because it’s particular lowbrow vernacular damages students’ abilities to employ regular formal literary skills.” (Craig, 2003, p. 118) This study aimed at determining whether networking sites has a positive or negative impact on young people’s English Language Literacy. I. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM With even more technological advances and the growth of Social Networking sites, people are communicating more by Internet using different sites, and also via their mobile phones, which also have Internet access. With people now being able to do banking online, it could be said that letters will cease to exists, and then the same with text messaging, now that Instant Messaging is available on mobile telephones. Teenagers and young adults in recent years are normally......

Words: 4071 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Formation of English Literary Language

...Саратовский Государственный Университет им Н.Г.Чернышевского Literary Language Formation of English Literary Language Выполнила студентка 411 группы Журкина Дарья Саратов, 2012 1. Literary Language  Literary language is a developed form of a national language, with norms fixed in writing to varying extents; the language of all manifestations of culture that are expressed in words. The concept of a “developed form” is historically variable (in different ages and with different peoples). In the age of feudalism many peoples of the world used foreign languages as their written literary languages. The Iranian and Turkish peoples used classical Arabic, the Japanese and Koreans used classical Chinese, the Germanic and West Slavic peoples used Latin, and the people in the Baltic region and the Czechs used German. The popular languages supplanted the foreign language in many functional spheres of communication during the 14th and 15th centuries in some states and in the 16th and 17th centuries in others. The literary language is always the result of collective creative activity. The notion that the norms of a literary language are “fixed” is somewhat relative (despite all the importance and stability of the norm, it changes in time). It is not possible to imagine a national culture that is rich and developed without a rich and developed literary language. This is why the problem of the literary language is very important for society. Linguists do not agree about the...

Words: 2366 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Youth Ministry

...Jeremiah Jolando Dutt Youth Ministry Class Notes Chapter Four: Conveying Your Purpose and Leading by Example * Leadership separates a purpose-driven youth ministry from an event-and-activity-driven youth ministry. How a Leader Conveys His Purpose * The more people that rally behind our purpose statement the healthier our ministry will become. * We must take on 3 responsibilities to make God’s purpose known within your youth ministry: 1. Communicate the purposes 2. Repeat the purposes 3. Make sure that key people memorize the purpose statement A Leader Communicates the Purposes * Your purpose cannot become a common purpose until people know about it. * To aid students, volunteers, parents, and church leaders in retaining your purpose statement, you will need to continually communicate it. A Leader Repeats the Purposes * A good leader will constantly communicate the purposes and remind people of the importance of knowing them. * No one will know the purposes or value them as much as the point person of the ministry. The Leader Makes Sure Key People Memorize the Purpose Statement * Even after you convey your purpose statement and repeat it you will find that some of your key people need to be nudged to memorize it. What to Do After Your Purpose Statement Is Known * Monitor your purpose statement * Manage your tie by the purposes * Modelling the purposes in your life * Creating programmes to fulfil......

Words: 539 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Computer Environments

...materiality and the prosperity of the specific culture under question. While digital communicative practices and virtual environments may have changed the nature of the relationship to materiality and indeed to text itself – there is still a strong link between material wealth and the availability of digital communication tools. Humans have always acted through certain mediums as well as directly on the world, and even though the computer and the Internet may act as powerful spatial manipulation tools, they are still dependent on a material medium and thus are still subject to cultural and economic constraints. Since the start of computing there has always been a strong bias towards English and its use as a standard. This is very understandable as computing and the Internet both began in English speaking countries, however in the 21st century we need to make sure that all nations have an equal opportunity to use and develop digital products and culture equally. Questions are also raised as to whether these...

Words: 388 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

English Is Not Imperialistic

...English has grown to become a dominant global lingua franca. It is used as international language in communication, science, business, aviation, entertainment, diplomacy and in different other ways. English has spread beyond the original English isles starting with the growth of British Empire. The language however gained a boost after the colonization of North American and the consequent rise of United States to the most influential nation in the world. Since the end of the World War II, the use of English in the world has been catapulted by the increased dominance of United States and Britain in world affairs especially in the International organizations like United Nations We teach a skill, and a subject, just like any other skill and subject. we do serve as cultural informants to students as they try to get their bearings in a new country. They want to know what's going on and why, so they can make their own choices about how to fit it. This is a service, not imperialism. Knowledge of English has become a basic requirement in different fields, occupation and professions like Medicine, computing and many others (Bishop and Philips, 2006). This use of English in education and economic areas can be traced to the era of industrial revolution in Britain and the consequent industrial revolution that led to a number of inventions. As a way of spreading the technological invention to the rest of the world, English was adopted as a means of communication and henceforth it......

Words: 732 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Internet Metaphors

...7 What do Internet metaphors reveal about the perception of the Internet? 1 Denis L. Jamet, University of Lyon (Jean Moulin – Lyon 3) ( Abstract The objective of this article is to throw light on what Internet metaphors – i.e. the metaphors used every day by English and French native speakers – reveal about their perception of the Internet. Within the framework of cognitive linguists such as Lakoff & Johnson, Sweetser, Turner, etc., I will analyze Internet metaphors to bring out the conceptual metaphors generating the various Internet metaphors, in English and in French. The main aim of this paper is to examine Internet linguistic metaphors a.k.a. Internet metaphorical expressions used to conceptualize the Internet, and try and see what conceptual metaphor(s) structure(s) the everyday metaphors we use to refer to the Internet, as well as the changing perception we have of it. Dieser Artikel untersucht Metaphern, mit denen die Technologie des Internet durch englische und französische Muttersprachler konzeptualisiert wird. Theoretischer Ausgangspunkt ist die kognitive Metapherntheorie, die von Lakoff & Johnson entwickelt sowie von Sweetser und Turner weiterentwickelt wurde. Ziel der Untersuchung ist es, die unterschiedlichen sprachlichen und konzeptuellen Metaphern aufzudecken und zu analysieren sowie Überlegungen dahingehend anzustellen, inwiefern ein konzeptuell metaphorischer Wandel im Zusammenhang mit einem Wahrnehmungswandel...

Words: 9616 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Final Paper

...socioeconomic status, disability. Students participating in antibias curriculum become comfortable with diversity and learn to stand up for themselves as a teacher in the future students are learning about difference and they need a teacher to help them to have a positive attitude about people. Students who have a guidance of caring teachers children learn to speak up for themselves and others. By having an accepting environment children find that they have the ability to change situations and have positive attitude in the future. Having anti- basis curriculum begin in early childhood and continue throughout the school year. For example children who start to learn both English and Mandarin Chinese so that by the completion of the school they have the basic proficiency in both languages. The class is taught by an English teacher and Chinese teacher with the help of teaching assistants. Teachers will speak native language they use for instruction. Standards: What should students know and able to do? First Grade Language Arts/ Reading Content: Select materials to read Read aloud familiar stories and poems Use strategies to comprehend Activate: Children can solve problems and think for themselves Children learn best through experience and activates that are interesting. Teaching and learning is child centered Children have the knowledge based on what they already know Acquire having mixed age groups and having a wide range of materials within each classroom to meet the......

Words: 1604 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Racial Cultural Conflict in Some Inner Furry

...Indians. The novel also depicts how they are transformed under the influence of western ideologies and systems affecting the Indian attitudes and life styles. First, there are those who have been completely swept off their feet by English education and find nothing valuable in their ancient culture and way of life. They look down upon their countrymen for their backwardness. They hold high positions in the British administration in India and are considered pillars of strength by the alien rulers. Kit and his father belong to this category. Second, there are those who are fundamentalists and stick blindly to the old Indian traditions and values; they are not ready to accept the British way of life, and are deeply hostile to the British rule in India and do not hesitate to resort to violent strategy to drive them out of their land. Govind belongs to this category. And the third category of people are those like Roshan and Mira who have got Western education but are deeply concerned with the freedom of the country. Mirabai and her brother, Kitsamy, belong to a cultured, sophisticated and well-to-do Family. They have an adopted brother named Govind. In the opening chapter of the novel we are told that Kit returns home from England along with his English friend, Richard Marlowe. The author skillfully describes the efforts made by Kit’s parents to make an...

Words: 2782 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Nyu-Poly Essay

...concert pianist, an accomplished inventor, or why your grades do not reflect your true potential, etc.). Please use a separate sheet of paper and be concise.* Growing up in a family with both parents working in the field of education, I have witnessed their professional competence as well as their commitment to their students and career. I never see my parents’ job simply as teaching students, but as an epitome of human resource management (HRM). To undertake the very challenging master’s program in HRM, candidates should have a strong academic performance and possess versatile abilities. Four years of academic study at Jiangxi Normal University has equipped me with solid knowledge and research skills. As an English major concentrated on financial management, my English language has become highly proficient, but I have also gained a comprehensive understanding of management, economics, mathematics and accounting, which are beneficial for my future HRM study. With my strong learning ability, I have spent a great deal of time reading books and journals related to human resource. I am never satisfied with the academic learning from school since I believe that “experience is the best teacher.” Being a qualified human resource professional requires superb organization, communication and leadership skills, which, I am proud to say, are qualities that I have already obtained from participating in extracurricular activities. As the Board Chairman of Foreign Language......

Words: 306 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Compare Contrast

...While Barbra Mellix article “From Outside, In," discusses the differences of where she was raised, the country, and the language used compared to the language that she was to use when in the city or certain family. Mellix also wrote about how learning the proper English language and writing had become beneficial in her life. In turn, Perri Klass article, “Learning the Language" reveals how in the medical field or community there is a certain language that is used between co-workers that only they understand. Bell Hooks article “Teaching New Worlds/ New Words” there is the cultural background that is discussed, how the white culture was pushed upon the blacks in order to fit into their standards. It is apparent by these three texts that there is an apparent similarity in how language can be beneficial to some but when pushed into a culture change some are more willing to go against. When it comes to Klass and the article "Learning the Language", it seems as if it should be very easy to relate to any type work in any type of field. It is not just the medical fiels that has its own jargon between workers. Knowing the language and the slang of your surrondings is very important. Compare this to Mellixs' article and how she was able to change her language depending where she was and whom she was with. When working in such a fast pace environment it is easy to shorten a conversation when you might not have the time to stand and chat. Klass uses the way medical students have to......

Words: 893 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Different Culture Makes Diferent Idioms

...Different Culture Makes Different Idioms   From so many years of English studying,it is not so difficult for us to point out that there exists great difference between Chinese and English idioms,which can be sourced back to the matter of different language and culture.Language is the most principle means for inter-cultural communication.For one thing,language is a part of culture and plays an important role in it.For another,as a mirror of culture, language is strongly influenced and shaped by culture;Meanwhile ,it reflects culture.Idioms,a part of language ,are the essence of culture in every country.Using language in such communication ,we often come across some idioms with distinctive cultural characteristics,so it is a very important and complicated thing for us to understand and use idioms correctly.   Idioms include metaphorical phrase,slang,colloquialism,proverb and so on.As an essential part of the language and culture of a society,idioms are characterized by their concise expressions,rich and vivid ,involving geography,history,religious belief,living conventions and so on.They usually highly specialized in meaning and closely tied to distinctive cultural features and cultural attitudes.It is believed that idioms are the most culturally loaded element in any language’s vocabulary.Undoubtedly they are often hard to understand and harder to use correctly for a foreigner.English and Chinese idioms,closely related to their own culture,convey different cultural features......

Words: 922 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Facing Poverty with a Rich Girl's Habit

...Facing poverty with a rich girl’s habit Adele Strader Professor Chryst English Composition October 22, 2012 Facing poverty with a rich girl’s habit was written by Suki Kim and published in the New York Times on November 21, 2004. The most important point that Suki want to make was that (1) what we have in life can be taken away in an instant (2) do not go bankrupt in South Korea (3) that a person must adapt and endure through the trials and tribulations in their life and (4) that no matter what you have or don’t’ have in life you must always be true to yourself. Some of the other main points in this story are that Suki’s father owned shipping, mining and hotel companies in South Korea and that the Kim family was millionaires who lived in a mansion on top of a hill surrounded by ponds, peacocks and orchards with chauffeurs and maids. They had lived in a society were money, education and family history dictated who you were and how you lived. “Gone in an instant was my small world, made possible by my father’s shipping company, mining business and hotels. In queens, most of my E.S.L. classmates came from our families who had escaped Korea’s ridge class hierarchy, one dictated by education level, family background and financial status”, (2004, pgs. 62-63). Suki’s family has to flee South Korea because her father went bankrupt and in South Korea bankruptcy is a crime punishable by jail time so the family immigrated to New York. Arriving in......

Words: 783 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Lesson Plan Modifications for English Language Learners Melaney Winkleblack LL240: Linguistically & Culturally Diverse Learners (ACU1240A) Instructor Shannon Gevero November 5, 2012 Lesson Plan Modifications for English Language Learners In schools today there are many different cultures that are present within each classroom and some of those cultures have different values and speak a different language than the majority of the other students within the classroom, so to accommodate those students (ELLs) teachers incorporate different strategies within their lessons and classrooms to ensure that every child is receiving a high standard of education; which will help them to become better prepared for the new world that they are being exposed to. This paper will examine a lesson plan that can be used to help English language learners in their literacy development; addressing the content area of reading and using this lesson plan to further progress a second grade class into becoming proficient. Along with examining the lesson plan, this paper will also identify three strategies, list-group-label, key vocabulary, and prereading text, that are used within it and identify three new strategies that can be used to modify the lesson to allow for comprehensible input and identify ways to scaffold lessons to help improve a student’s comprehension. English language learners are becoming more and more common within our schools and addressing their educational needs is...

Words: 3287 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

A Visit to an Orphanage Home

...The first week of the last school holidays was a memorable and meaningful moments for the members of the English Language Society of SMK Kampung Laut.The society has organized a special trip to Seri Kasih Orphanage Home on May 31st the first day of school holidays at Kampung Delima,Batu 8, Pasir Putih.There were a total of 75 students involved of whom 40 of are male students of form four and five while 35 female students comprising mainly of form 3 and 4 students.There were 4 accompanying teachers,Sir Rosdi,teacher-advisor of SMK Kampung Laut English Language Society,Teacher Madihah,our senior science teacher,Puan Marini,our Bahasa Melayu teacher and finally Mr Kim Lian Hing,our Physical Education teacher.We started our 45 minutes journey with two special chartered buses sponsored by Dato’ Hj Karim,the chairman of PIBG of SMK Kampung Laut.We reached the orphanage home about 9.15 a.m. We were greeted by the matron,Puan Seri Hajjah Maimunah and her delegations.The cheerful and estatic feelings of the orphans really touched our hearts.Puan Seri started with a welcoming speech.All eyes were on her and many wiped their tears at the end of her speech when many tragic stories of the orphans were revealed.We could see that there were a strong unity among the 95 orphans and they were really superb on their manners and etiquettes.We just loved the ways they behaved and lived within their circles.Sir Rosdi reciprocated with a short but very meaningful speech and then presented the......

Words: 675 - Pages: 3