Free Essay

Fiber Evidence in Wayne Williams Case

In: Other Topics

Submitted By sheepdog87
Words 577
Pages 3
Question #3: In what respects did the use of fiber evidence in the Wayne Williams trial differ significantly from its use in previous cases?

Numerous criminal trials over the years have used fiber evidence. In 1936, the wife of a NBC executive was murdered and the killer caught partly due to fibers from twine used to bind her during the murder. Ted Bundy was convicted of the murder of a 12-year old girl partly due to fibers found in his van. The trial of Wayne Williams, also based on fiber evidence, differed from other cases in several significant ways.
From July 1979 to May 1981, thirty black children and young men were reported missing or found dead in the area of Atlanta, Georgia. The Georgia State Crime Lab found yellow-green nylon fibers and violet acetate fibers on the bodies and clothing of victims. The fibers from the different victims were generally similar to each other, linking them to a single source and tying them to one killer. The Wayne Williams case was the first time fiber evidence played a significant role in a case involving a large number of murder victims.
An Atlanta newspaper wrote an article about several different fibers being located on the bodies. After the article, bodies located in the Atlanta area rivers were nude or clothed only in underwear. The release of the information caused a change in the way the suspect disposed of bodies, in an apparent effort to eliminate fiber evidence. Media attention appeared to result in a change in pattern of the suspect. Media attention on the murders and the Williams trial was unique due to the amount and detail of the coverage. After Williams was discovered on a Chattahoochee River bridge, police ultimately discovered carpet in Williams’ home with fibers matching those on the victims. The fibers were ultimately determined to have been produced by the Wellman Corporation and West Point Pepperell made them into carpeting, the same as in Williams’ home. West Point Pepperell only made the carpet, using Wellman fiber, for one year and the unusual color was very limited. During the trial, experts showed that all of the fibers present on the bodies had a very high probability of coming from association with Williams and his home a very short time before their deaths. The prosecution used many textile industry experts and representatives from Wellman and West Point Pepperell to educate the jury on fiber evidence. The prosecution used 40 charts and 350 photographs to show the tie between the fibers in Williams’ home and the victims. The prosecution used numerical probability to show that there was only 1 in 7,792 homes in Atlanta that could have had the same yellow-green Nylon fibers located in Williams’ home. The probability of all of the fibers involved being from other than Williams was even more remote. The use of probabilities for fiber evidence was unique to the Williams trial.
In trials involving fiber evidence, the fiber evidence is usually presented to corroborate other significant evidence. In the Williams trial, the prosecution used other evidence to corroborate the fiber evidence, which differed significantly from the norm. The significance of the unusual fibers, the painstaking investigation and unique presentation of evidence at trial truly showed the importance of the forensic investigation and the uniqueness of the Wayne Williams case.

Saferstein, Richard, Criminalistics: An Introduction to Forensic Science 10th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson - Prentice Hall

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Wayne Williams

...Wayne Williams was charged with murdering two people in Atlanta, Georgia. Shockingly enough, he was also linked to the killing of ten other boys. The way the evidence effected this trial is what makes the case so well known. There were 28 different types of fibers linking Williams to the murder victims. That can be an overwhelming amount of evidence. This case happened in the 1980s and the evidence presented in the case was crucial to proving Williams guilt. While investigations were going on to determine how victims died, there was a discovery of fibers on the victims’ bodies. The goal of the investigator was to determine if any fibers in Wayne Williams home or person matched those fibers found on the victims. Williams denied killing anyone and was out and about on the night of one of the murders looking for a woman who gave him her number. Williams even failed several polygraph tests. What I found interesting was the dog hair significance in the case. Apparently, some dog hair was found on the victims that belonged to Williams. The tricky part comes to this: Do they prosecute on fiber evidence alone? It might be hard to convince a jury with only this type of evidence. If they lost the case due to this kind of evidence that would be upsetting. They wanted more rock solid evidence such as witnesses or fingerprints. Eventually, an arrest warrant allowed Williams to be arrested and Georgia law allowed evidence to be brought in from other cases if there was a pattern......

Words: 590 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Wayne Williams Trace Evidence

...Introduction Trace evidence has always played a role in criminal prosecutions. However, it was always been in the manner of supporting other evidence. The Wayne Williams trial changed the course of history, as it would be the first to use fiber evidence as its primary means of securing a conviction (Deadman, n.d.). Wayne Williams was suspected of killing 28-30 young boys and men in the Atlanta area, over the course of two years. Although the cause of death was similar among the victims, police had little to no other evidence to follow up on except a yellowish/green fiber with violet accents, found on twelve of the victims (Owens, 2009). Fiber experts in the Washington D.C. Federal Bureau of Investigation, (F.B.I.) lab analyzed and concluded that the fibers on all the males were “a match”. It was determined that the structure and color of the fibers was very unique. The design was that of a triple lobed, cross sectional pattern, similar to that used in...

Words: 1142 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Murder

...murdered children case". A series of children and teen African American youth where murder in Atlanta, Georgia 1979 to 1981. A minimum of 28 people were killed within the short time of about two years. Atlanta local Wayne Williams also African American and 23-years-old at the time of the last murders, now 52 years old, Wayne Williams continues to maintain his innocence. Wayne Williams is currently serving a consecutive life sentence for just two of the murders, but there where more than a half of dozen African American children and young men that was killed. In this case media divulged the physical evidence, but the FBI privately profiled the killer(s). Assumptions of the killer dropping the next body in a river to deplete evidence, the police and FBI officials staked out the James Jackson Parkway/ South Cobb Drive Bridge over the Chattahoochee River. May 22 1981 the last night of the stake out an FBI agent heard a splash in the water under the bridge. He saw a white 1970 Chevrolet station wagon slowly driving away, the same station wagon Eula Birdsong seen victim Yusuf Bell (14) get into a few years before in October 21 1979. When police pulled the car over that night a 23 year old Wayne Williams was the driver. The FBI took dog hair and fiber evidence from the car that was later found to be the key evidence in building a case against Wayne Williams. The car was later to be found to be his parents. The fibers matched the dog and fibers from the Parents house where Wayne......

Words: 780 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Wayne Bertram Williams: Serial Killers

...national news. Wayne Bertram Williams was born May 27, 1958 to two school teachers, in the Dixie Hills neighborhood of Atlanta Georgia. During the years of 1979 and 1982 many children went missing in this neighborhood that Williams had been reared in. Williams was a wannabe disc jockey. The police had fibers found on the bodies of the victims. They released the fact that they had evidence found on the bodies to the news...

Words: 580 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Justice

...Behavioral or Trait Theories Juliana Daza Medgar Evers College PSYC 215-Theories of Personality Professor Maureen D. Jarus April 27, 2012 A personality theory is a system of concepts, assumptions, ideas and principles proposed to explain different personalities. Personality theorist seek to explain human behavior in terms of inner causes, instincts, feelings of inferiority, needs, conditions of worth, intentions, and so forth. In this research paper, I will be exploring both behaviorist theory, as well as the Trait theory in trying to understand serial killer Wayne Bertram Williams. Behavioral Theories The Behaviorist theory places importance on the external environment, and on the effects of conditioning and learning. Ivan Pavlov was the first psychologist to discover and explore this theory at the beginning of the twentieth century. He demonstrated this form of learning which became known as “classical conditioning” in an experiment with dogs. He would place a small amount of meat on a dogs tongue, and after continuing to do this many times, the canines would salivate before they were giving the food. Before long, the dogs would begin to salivate as soon as Dr. Pavlov would enter the room. He realized that this was a reflex, whereas one stimulus will be followed by another r stimulus, because the two stimuli occurred close together. This reinforced that behavior can be attributed to experience. B.f. Skinner on the other hand, argued that most behavior is......

Words: 1214 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Anatomu

...Acquisitions Editor: Crystal Taylor Product Managers: Kelley A. Squazzo & Catherine A. Noonan Designer: Doug Smock Compositor: SPi Technologies First Edition © 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a Wolters Kluwer business. 351 West Camden Street Baltimore, MD 21201 Printed in China All rights reserved. This book is protected by copyright. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, including as photocopies or scanned-in or other electronic copies, or utilized by any information storage and retrieval system without written permission from the copyright owner, except for brief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews. Materials appearing in this book prepared by individuals as part of their official duties as U.S. government employees are not covered by the abovementioned copyright. To request permission, please contact Lippincott Williams & Wilkins at Two Commerce Square, 2001 Market street, Philadelphia, PA 19103 USA, via email at permissions@lww.com, or via website at lww.com (products and services). Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Lambert, Harold Wayne, 1972– Lippincott’s illustrated Q&A review of anatomy and embryology / H. Wayne Lambert, Lawrence E. Wineski ; with special contributions from Jeffery P. Hogg, Pat Abramson, Bruce Palmer. — 1st ed. p. ; cm. Includes index. ISBN 978-1-60547-315-4 1. Human anatomy—Examinations, questions, etc. I. Wineski, Lawrence E. II. Title. [DNLM: 1. Anatomy—Examination......

Words: 201595 - Pages: 807

Free Essay

Accounting

...a number of naturally occurring fibrous minerals with high tensile strength, the ability to be woven, and resistance to heat and most chemicals. Because of these properties, asbestos fibers have been used in a wide range of manufactured goods, including roofing shingles, ceiling and floor tiles, paper and cement products, textiles, coatings, and friction products such as automobile clutch, brake and transmission parts. The current federal definition of asbestos is the asbestiform varieties of: chrysotile (serpentine); crocidolite (riebeckite); amosite (cummingtonite/grunerite); anthophyllite; tremolite; and actinolite. What are the health effects of asbestos exposure? Exposure to airborne friable asbestos may result in a potential health risk because persons breathing the air may breathe in asbestos fibers. Continued exposure can increase the amount of fibers that remain in the lung. Fibers embedded in lung tissue over time may cause serious lung diseases including: asbestosis, lung cancer, or mesothelioma. Smoking increases the risk of developing illness from asbestos exposure. Three of the major health effects associated with asbestos exposure include: • Asbestosis – Asbestosis is a serious, progressive, long-term non-cancer disease of the lungs. It is caused by inhaling asbestos fibers that irritate lung tissues and cause the tissues to scar. The scarring makes it hard for oxygen to get into the blood. Symptoms of asbestosis include shortness of breath and a dry,......

Words: 10734 - Pages: 43

Premium Essay

Environmental Analysis

...VIEW Strategic Human Resource Management Taken from: Strategic Human Resource Management, Second Edition by Charles R. Greer Copyright © 2001, 1995 by Prentice-Hall, Inc. A Pearson Education Company Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 Compilation Copyright © 2003 by Pearson Custom Publishing All rights reserved. This copyright covers material written expressly for this volume by the editor/s as well as the compilation itself. It does not cover the individual selections herein that first appeared elsewhere. ii Permission to reprint these has been obtained by Pearson Custom Publishing for this edition only. Further reproduction by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, must be arranged with the individual copyright holders noted. This special edition published in cooperation with Pearson Custom Publishing. Printed in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Please visit our web site at www.pearsoncustom.com ISBN 0–536–72690–6 BA 996748 PEARSON CUSTOM PUBLISHING 75 Arlington Street, Suite 300 Boston, MA 02116 A Pearson Education Company iii iv Table of Contents SECTION ONE ................................................................. 1 An Investment Perspective and Human Resources .... 2 HUMAN RESOURCE INVESTMENT CONSIDERATIONS ...6 INVESTMENTS IN TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT ..... 14 INVESTMENT PRACTICES FOR IMPROVED RETENTION ..................

Words: 132738 - Pages: 531

Premium Essay

Social Contracts and Marketing Ethics

...TITLE Social Contracts and Marketing Ethics CITE “Social Contracts and Marketing Ethics,” Journal of Marketing, 63(July): 14-32 1999. AUTHORS Thomas W. Dunfee 1 N. Craig Smith2 William T. Ross Jr. 3 1- The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, 3620 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19036-6369. Phone: 215.898.7691 Fax: 215.573.2006 Email: dunfeet@wharton.upenn.edu. 2- The McDonough School of Business, Georgetown University, Washington, DC, 20057 Phone: 202.687.5405 Fax: 202.687.4031 Email, smithn@gunet.georgetown.edu. 3- School of Business and Management, Temple University, Speakman Hall (006-00), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19122 Phone: 215.204.8111 Fax: 215.204.6237 Email: rossw@sbm.temple.edu. Acknowledgements: The authors thank Thomas Donaldson, Diana Robertson and participants in the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Seminar at Georgetown University, and three anonymous reviewers for helpful comments on earlier versions of this article. Funding by the Carol and Lawrence Zicklin Center for Business Ethics Research and the Georgetown University School of Business summer research fund is gratefully acknowledged. Abstract This paper describes the need and the search to date for a normative moral foundation for marketing. Social contract theory appears promising because of its clear correspondence to the exchange relationships central to marketing thought and practice. It is introduced in a specific formulation known as Integrative......

Words: 18024 - Pages: 73

Premium Essay

Managing Information Technology (7th Edition)

...CONTENTS: CASE STUDIES CASE STUDY 1 Midsouth Chamber of Commerce (A): The Role of the Operating Manager in Information Systems CASE STUDY I-1 IMT Custom Machine Company, Inc.: Selection of an Information Technology Platform CASE STUDY I-2 VoIP2.biz, Inc.: Deciding on the Next Steps for a VoIP Supplier CASE STUDY I-3 The VoIP Adoption at Butler University CASE STUDY I-4 Supporting Mobile Health Clinics: The Children’s Health Fund of New York City CASE STUDY I-5 Data Governance at InsuraCorp CASE STUDY I-6 H.H. Gregg’s Appliances, Inc.: Deciding on a New Information Technology Platform CASE STUDY I-7 Midsouth Chamber of Commerce (B): Cleaning Up an Information Systems Debacle CASE STUDY II-1 Vendor-Managed Inventory at NIBCO CASE STUDY II-2 Real-Time Business Intelligence at Continental Airlines CASE STUDY II-3 Norfolk Southern Railway: The Business Intelligence Journey CASE STUDY II-4 Mining Data to Increase State Tax Revenues in California CASE STUDY II-5 The Cliptomania™ Web Store: An E-Tailing Start-up Survival Story CASE STUDY II-6 Rock Island Chocolate Company, Inc.: Building a Social Networking Strategy CASE STUDY III-1 Managing a Systems Development Project at Consumer and Industrial Products, Inc. CASE STUDY III-2 A Make-or-Buy Decision at Baxter Manufacturing Company CASE STUDY III-3 ERP Purchase Decision at Benton Manufacturing Company, Inc. CASE STUDY......

Words: 239887 - Pages: 960

Premium Essay

Forensic Evidence in It

...U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs National Institute of Justice APR. 04 Special REPORT Forensic Examination of Digital Evidence: A Guide for Law Enforcement U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs 810 Seventh Street N.W. Washington, DC 20531 John Ashcroft Attorney General Deborah J. Daniels Assistant Attorney General Sarah V. Hart Director, National Institute of Justice This and other publications and products of the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice can be found on the World Wide Web at the following site: Office of Justice Programs National Institute of Justice http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij APR. 04 Forensic Examination of Digital Evidence: A Guide for Law Enforcement NCJ 199408 Sarah V. Hart Director This document is not intended to create, does not create, and may not be relied upon to create any rights, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law by any party in any matter civil or criminal. Opinions or points of view expressed in this document represent a consensus of the authors and do not represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice. The products, manufacturers, and organizations discussed in this document are presented for informational purposes only and do not constitute product approval or endorsement by the U.S. Department of Justice. This document was prepared under Interagency Agreement #1999–IJ–R–094......

Words: 22743 - Pages: 91

Premium Essay

Blood Work

...NuHealth Educators, LLC Faculty, Emeritus Phoenix College Phoenix, Arizona Fifth Edition Cathee M. Tankersley, BS, MT (ASCP) Acquisitions Editor: Peter Sabatini Product Manager: Meredith L. Brittain Marketing Manager: Shauna Kelley Designer: Holly McLaughlin Production Services: Aptara, Inc. Fifth Edition Copyright © 2012, 2008 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a Wolters Kluwer business. Two Commerce Square 2001 Market Street Philadelphia, PA 19103 351 West Camden Street Baltimore, MD 21201 Printed in China All rights reserved. This book is protected by copyright. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, including as photocopies or scanned-in or other electronic copies, or utilized by any information storage and retrieval system without written permission from the copyright owner, except for brief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews. Materials appearing in this book prepared by individuals as part of their official duties as U.S. government employees are not covered by the above-mentioned copyright. To request permission, please contact Lippincott Williams & Wilkins at Two Commerce Square, 2001 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103, via email at permissions@lww.com, or via website at lww.com (products and services). 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data McCall, Ruth E., author. Phlebotomy essentials / Ruth E. McCall, Retired Director of Phlebotomy and Clinical......

Words: 129902 - Pages: 520

Free Essay

Nit-Silchar B.Tech Syllabus

...NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY SILCHAR Bachelor of Technology Programmes amï´>r¶ JH$s g§ñWmZ, m¡Úmo{ à VO o pñ Vw dZ m dY r V ‘ ñ Syllabi and Regulations for Undergraduate PROGRAMME OF STUDY (wef 2012 entry batch) Ma {gb Course Structure for B.Tech (4years, 8 Semester Course) Civil Engineering ( to be applicable from 2012 entry batch onwards) Course No CH-1101 /PH-1101 EE-1101 MA-1101 CE-1101 HS-1101 CH-1111 /PH-1111 ME-1111 Course Name Semester-1 Chemistry/Physics Basic Electrical Engineering Mathematics-I Engineering Graphics Communication Skills Chemistry/Physics Laboratory Workshop Physical Training-I NCC/NSO/NSS L 3 3 3 1 3 0 0 0 0 13 T 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 4 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 P 0 0 0 3 0 2 3 2 2 8 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 6 0 0 8 2 C 8 6 8 5 6 2 3 0 0 38 8 8 8 8 6 2 0 0 40 8 8 6 6 6 2 2 2 40 6 6 8 2 Course No EC-1101 CS-1101 MA-1102 ME-1101 PH-1101/ CH-1101 CS-1111 EE-1111 PH-1111/ CH-1111 Course Name Semester-2 Basic Electronics Introduction to Computing Mathematics-II Engineering Mechanics Physics/Chemistry Computing Laboratory Electrical Science Laboratory Physics/Chemistry Laboratory Physical Training –II NCC/NSO/NSS Semester-4 Structural Analysis-I Hydraulics Environmental Engg-I Structural Design-I Managerial Economics Engg. Geology Laboratory Hydraulics Laboratory Physical Training-IV NCC/NSO/NSS Semester-6 Structural Design-II Structural Analysis-III Foundation Engineering Transportation Engineering-II Hydrology......

Words: 126345 - Pages: 506

Premium Essay

Abcd12345

...THE RISE AND FALL OF ENRON, WORLDCOM, HEALTHSOUTH, AND TYCO INTERNATIONAL David R. Lease, Norwich University Abstract This paper presents an analytical and comparative study of four recent corporate scandals involving organizations that had previously been recognized as both ethically and organizationally sound. Based on these case studies, the following issues are discussed: (1) The role of leader behavior and organizational/leadership styles in shaping the corporate organizational culture of an organization, and (2) The extent to which this culture renders the organization and its members (including the top executives) prone to ethical misbehavior. The four companies selected for this case analysis are: Enron Corporation, WorldCom, Inc., Tyco International, Ltd., and HealthSouth Corporation. Each case is considered individually. The basic elements in the scandal are outlined and the principal aspects of each organization’s corporate culture discussed, with special emphasis on the influence of leadership styles and leadership behavior/practices on organizational culture. The four cases are then compared and contrasted in the light of the existing evidence on the relation between corporate culture and ethical misbehavior. PRELUDE “We were doing something special. Magical. It wasn’t a job – it was a mission. We were changing the world. We were doing God’s work.” – Jeffrey Skilling, former Enron COO, President and CEO in the immediate aftermath of Enron’s bankruptcy filing* “I......

Words: 15928 - Pages: 64

Free Essay

Bloodlines of the Illuminati

...Bloodlines of Illuminati by: Fritz Springmeier, 1995 Introduction: I am pleased & honored to present this book to those in the world who love the truth. This is a book for lovers of the Truth. This is a book for those who are already familiar with my past writings. An Illuminati Grand Master once said that the world is a stage and we are all actors. Of course this was not an original thought, but it certainly is a way of describing the Illuminati view of how the world works. The people of the world are an audience to which the Illuminati entertain with propaganda. Just one of the thousands of recent examples of this type of acting done for the public was President Bill Clinton’s 1995 State of the Union address. The speech was designed to push all of the warm fuzzy buttons of his listening audience that he could. All the green lights for acceptance were systematically pushed by the President’s speech with the help of a controlled congressional audience. The truth on the other hand doesn’t always tickle the ear and warm the ego of its listeners. The light of truth in this book will be too bright for some people who will want to return to the safe comfort of their darkness. I am not a conspiracy theorist. I deal with real facts, not theory. Some of the people I write about, I have met. Some of the people I expose are alive and very dangerous. The darkness has never liked the light. Yet, many of the secrets of the Illuminati are locked up tightly simply because secrecy is a......

Words: 206477 - Pages: 826