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God and Human Suffering


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Why Does God Allow Suffering? by David C. Pack
The world is filled with suffering of every kind. Countless millions know little else. Yet God allows it. Why has He not stopped the terrible suffering that afflicts so many? Is there a REASON God has not intervened? Does suffering have a great unseen PURPOSEthat can be understood?

Take a long look around the world. Enormous numbers of people are suffering everywhere for every kind of reason.
Every day, 200,000 people starve to death—and this is after weeks or months of horrible suffering. Such suffering is not limited to physical pain, but includes psychological and mental anguish of parents often having to watch their children die in their arms. Starvation is so awful that death is actually a blessed relief.
Why doesn’t God stop this?
Even more people die each day from disease. The very word disease means people are not “at ease.” As you read this article, untold trauma, pain and suffering, due to crippling conditions, infections and disease of every sort, are occurring around the world. Just in Africa, children are orphaned by the millions every year, due to AIDS alone.
Why isn’t God intervening?

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Now consider poverty, which affects one-third of all people on earth. The lack of even the most basic necessities (sufficient water, sanitation, clothing and shelter, as well as food) brings untold suffering to over two billion people. Conditions are growing worse instead of better.
Why does God allow this to continue?
War now ravages much of the world, with some nations suffering almost complete destruction of their economy, property, homes and businesses, including injury or death to large numbers of their civilian populations.
Why doesn’t God banish war?
Earthquakes, fires, floods, volcanoes, tornadoes, hurricanes, blizzards, other violent storms, drought, blights and insect infestations due to weather, also take their toll on the human misery index.

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Why doesn’t God better control the weather and nature?
Yes, why does God allow war, terrorism and violence? Why must men suffer disease and famine? Whymust humanity suffer poverty or misery in the wake of natural disasters? Again, WHY do these things happen almost routinely on planet earth?—and why doesn’t God intervene to end it?
If God is working out an unseen PURPOSE through these conditions, what is it? Is there a great REASONfor the almost constant state of affliction encompassing, to one degree or another, most of humanity?
Is not the God of the Bible described as merciful? Does He not speak of His kindness to, and compassion for, all mankind? If God is all-powerful, and a God of LOVE (I John 4:8, 16), why does He not stop the terrible human suffering billions now endure?
The ministers and theologians of traditional Christianity cannot explain the purpose of human suffering. Many theorize that Adam and Eve were created perfect and complete, until they “fell” in the Garden because the devil overthrew God’s Plan by tempting them into sin. This popular idea continues with the explanation that God’s Plan is to restore men to their pre-fall condition, but the devil keeps slowing things down and disrupting God’s progress.

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Is this true? Is God desperately trying to repair damage brought by Satan’s unforeseen attack on a Master Plan that God did not think through carefully enough?
Grasp this. In all physical and spiritual matters, mankind only addresses the bad effects engulfing the world today. He does not understand and cannot explain the causes—the true meaning and purpose—behind the world’s woes and ills. Our many books, booklets and articles address and explain the trueCAUSES of these bad effects. There is no use trying to remove wrong effects, when the CAUSES are ignored.
You need not be ignorant of the answers to these questions. You can know God’s Plan. There is a cause for human suffering. The Bible reveals it so clearly that a child can understand.
Let’s learn what it is.
God’s Character
The true God of the Bible possesses infinite understanding (Psa. 147:5) and perfect character. A Christian is to develop that same spotless character (Matt. 5:48), while growing in God’s understanding (Prov. 2:6, 9, 11).
The Holy Spirit, given at conversion to those who obey God (Acts 2:38; 5:32), defines God’s character. Notice: “But the fruit of the [Holy] Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, temperance…” (Gal. 5:22-23).
Did you see that God describes His Spirit—His DIVINE NATURE (II Pet. 1:4)—as “longsuffering”? Why? How can God’s character include longsuffering? Most can understand that God is love. Many can also recognize that God experiences joy and happiness! Certainly, none would doubt that God has complete faith in His own plan and purpose—or that He has complete self-control (temperance) in all that He does. The same is true of the remainder of this description of God’s nature.
But why does God list suffering (actually suffering long) as part of His character? How does God suffer?
Before He flooded the world in Noah’s time, “it repented the LORD that He had made man on the earth, and it grieved Him at His heart” (Gen. 6:6). Does it surprise you that God felt pain (grief) at what mankind had chosen—and become? God brought the Flood to put mankind out of his misery, stating that He would never again do this to His creation.
In Numbers 14:18, God plainly says, “The LORD is LONGSUFFERING.” There it is! God wants no one to misunderstand that even He suffers. But this verse does not reveal why it is necessary for God to suffer.
Let’s grasp what God is saying.
All those with children should stop and think! When you see your children hurt or sick, how do you feel? Does it not grieve you? Do you not suffer your own anguish at their pain? Of course you do.
God is no different. He is a parent with children. When His children disobey Him, directly hurting themselves in the process, it hurts Him. He feels pain—grief!
Great Unseen Purpose!
Most people have no idea what God’s purpose is for mankind. Many assume that life is probably about “getting to heaven,” but have no more understanding than this. (Actually, salvation has nothing to do with going to heaven, but it is not our purpose here to explain this.)
To find out God’s purpose, on any matter, you must go to the source—God’s Instruction Manual, sent along by the Creator with His creation (man). God’s Word reveals the answers to life’s greatest questions. Surely, the reason for human suffering is one of the greatest answers of all.
Mankind’s suffering is not an accident. It is actually one of the most marvelous tools within God’s Plan of making sons who have developed HIS CHARACTER within them. The purpose for every human being’s life is to develop the perfect, holy, righteous character of Almighty God. Suffering is directly tied to building character. Since God is longsuffering, it is also obvious then, that no person is complete in the development of God’s nature and character until he has learned the value of human suffering!
Wise King Solomon was inspired by God to record one of the great principles in the Bible: “In the day of prosperity be joyful, but in the day of ADVERSITY consider: God also has set the one over against the other, to the end that man should find nothing after him” (Ecc. 7:14).
Did you understand this verse? God did this! God designed life so that we would face “adversity” and be forced to “consider” the circumstances we are experiencing. Certainly, adversity is no fun. It is sometimes very difficult, hard, painful, even traumatic, to endure. Yet, God said He engineered the human existence to include adversity! This seems strange to the human mind that wants a free pass to sail through life, experiencing only the good life—good times!
Verses 2 and 3 reveal more of God’s purpose in permitting suffering. Solomon also recorded this: “It is better to go to the house of mourning, than to go to the house of feasting: for that is the end of all men; and the living will lay it to his heart. Sorrow is better than laughter: for by the sadness of the countenance the heart is made better.”
Does this passage shock you? Does it make sense that “sorrow is better than laughter” or that “the house of mourning is better than the house of feasting”? Yet these statements are God’s PLAIN WORDSabout how He views suffering—and that He actually designed this physical life to require it.
Understand. If one is mourning, it is usually because something terrible has happened—serious illness, painful divorce, death of a child or loved one, loss of property through a disaster or bankruptcy, or something similar. Therefore, this passage seems absolutely backwards to the human mind. This is why Solomon states that “feasting is…the end of all men.” The goal of the average person is to make life one long, never-ending party—or “feast.”
Why Christ Suffered
The world gives much attention to the suffering of Christ. But how many know what the Bible says about why Christ suffered? The answer lies in the book of Hebrews—and has a direct bearing on you.
Notice God’s inspired answer to this question: “Though He [Christ] were a Son, yet LEARNED He obedience by the things which He suffered” (5:8).
Christ was sinless. If He was otherwise, we have no Savior. So, of course, He was without fault, blameless, sinless. Yet, this passage reveals that even Christ LEARNED from the suffering He endured. This is what God says.
Suffering completed Christ’s learning process. Yes, He (as God incarnate) was able to learn as a result of being in the flesh. Being made of flesh allowed Him to learn lessons that He would otherwise not have known. The REASON Christ learned from His suffering is that pain kicks the mental learning mechanism into gear! This is why Solomon said that men should “consider” when facing or suffering “adversity.”
For instance, physical pain of sufficient intensity stops people in their tracks. They begin searching for the cause of the pain. Whether it is the discomfort of an on-coming heart attack, an acute headache or the inflammation of arthritis, people want to know why their body hurts.
The apostle Paul, also in Hebrews, begins to relate suffering directly to the process of God’s purpose in making sons who reflect His character. Notice: “For it became Him [Christ]…in bringing many sonsunto glory, to make the Captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings” (2:10).
Christ’s suffering actually perfected Him—made Him full, mature, complete, as God’s first begotten, and later firstborn, Son. This is what it says. Hebrews 5:9 continues by adding, “And being made perfect, He became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey Him.” Christ qualified to “become the author of eternal salvation” because He was willing to endure and learn from God’s prescribed suffering process for all who are His sons—those who “obey Him.”
The salvation process involves obeying Christ. But let’s see more plainly exactly what this means. The apostle Peter explains, “For even hereunto were YOU [Christians] called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us AN EXAMPLE, that you should follow His steps” (I Pet. 2:21).
Let Peter’s words speak to YOU. Christians do not just believe in Christ, they copy Him—they pattern their lives after His life! This was the whole purpose of His “example.” But this verse also shows that copying Christ means being willing to suffer as He did! We have seen that it is this very suffering that causes one to learn and to become, in fact, perfect. Peter explains that God’s servants are actually called to a life that involves suffering.
The two previous verses (19-20) explain that people sometimes have to “endure grief, suffering wrongfully”—that they must “take it patiently” because “this is acceptable with God.” (Also seeEcclesiastes 8:14.) It is acceptable with God because He knows that suffering builds character—it strengthens the person required to endure it.
I do not like to suffer. Neither do you. But, for those God is calling, it is only through suffering that we can learn what God intends in order to achieve salvation. Paul also wrote, “It is a faithful saying: For if we be dead with Him, we shall also live with Him: If we suffer, we shall also reign with Him…” (II Tim. 2:11-12).
Suffering is absolutely essential to the character-building process. Because it is a process, TIME andEXPERIENCE are involved.
Paul recognized that suffering was tied to the resurrection of the dead, and actually looked forward to it, seeing it as a way of drawing closer to what Christ endured—as literally “fellowshipping with Him.” Here is how God inspired him to record this connection: “That I may know Him [Christ], and the power of His resurrection and the fellowship of His sufferings, being made conformable unto His death; if by any means I might attain unto the resurrection of the dead” (Phil. 3:10-11).
A Lesson From Psalms
The author of Psalm 119, possibly David, was required to learn many lessons during his life, some causing great pain, for both himself and others. Adversity and suffering was a pattern in David’s life. He fully understood the purpose of what he had to endure: “Before I was afflicted [suffered] I went astray: but now have I kept Your word” (vs. 67).
David knew exactly what suffering was intended to produce. It brought him back into line with God’s instruction—and true purpose in his life. Notice further: “It is good for me that I have been afflicted; that I might LEARN Your statutes” (vs. 71).
Suffering certainly did not feel good to David, but he knew it was good! Mankind is now suffering terribly, but, in the end, it will be to its good. Six thousand years of suffering will eventually teach allhumanity the crucial lesson that it cannot ignore God and still be happy. Other vital lessons are a by-product of painful trials and tests.
The psalmist grasped the great principle that those who obey God—practice righteousness (Psa. 119:172)—often suffer affliction. Many know of this next verse, recorded by David, but how many truly believe it or the promise that accompanies it?: “Many are the afflictions of the righteous: but the LORDdelivers him out of them all. He keeps all his bones: not one of them is broken” (Psa. 34:19-20).
Job Proves the Point!
Many know of the ancient patriarch Job, but most know little of the important lessons his life holds regarding how God works with His servants—even His greatest servants. Though Job lived thousands of years ago, his experience bears directly on us today.
The book of Job is fascinating, containing almost an endless number of principles and lessons. You may wish to read all of its forty-two chapters. We will merely focus on the first two.
Chapter 1 describes Satan appearing before God (vs. 6). In verse 8, God asked Satan, “Have you considered My servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that fears God, and eschews [shuns] evil?” This establishes Job’s character as extraordinary. While Solomon was the wisest man who ever lived, Job was certainly the most righteous.
Also, what follows could not be considered punishment for evil-doing because God described Job as “perfect.”
The account continues with Satan boasting that he could turn Job from God, if he was permitted to bring terrible suffering upon him. Because Job was one of the richest men in the world, Satan argued that he merely obeyed God because it was in his best interest to do so. In effect, God was paying him to be righteous!
It continues with Satan causing tremendous destruction in Job’s life, killing his ten children and causing the death of all of his servants and animals through four separate disasters. The devil wiped out the most precious things—people and possessions—in Job’s life.
Yet Job’s reaction to this devastating turn of events was not to attack or blame God. He acknowledged that all his blessings had come from God. In no way did he show a wrong attitude (vs. 20-22).
Satan’s Second Attempt
Chapter 2 records that, after this, Satan again came before God. Here is what happened next: “One day the sons of God again came to present themselves before the Eternal, and among them came Satan. Where have you been? said the Eternal to the Adversary; and the Adversary answered, Roaming here and there, roving about the earth.
“Then the Eternal said to Satan, Have you noticed that there is no one like My servant Job on the earth, a blameless and an upright man, who reverences God and shuns evil? He still holds to his loyalty: it was idle of you to entice Me to undo him. But the Adversary answered, “He has saved his own skin! A man will let all he has go, to preserve his life. Only put out your hand, touch his flesh and bones, and see if he will not curse you to your face! So the Eternal said to Satan, He is in your power; only spare his life!” (vs. 1-6, Moffatt).
While this passage concludes with God giving certain power to Satan to strike Job’s health, God retained final control over his life, with Satan unable to go one inch beyond what God expressly permitted. Studying the account shows that Satan was given certain specific limits to what he could do. The ideas of men, about Satan’s ability to disrupt God’s Plan for mankind, collapse like the very “fall of man” theory that theologians and preachers have invented.
The account continues with Satan smiting Job with horrible boils over his entire body. As a result, his wife tried to convince him to curse God (vs. 9). His response to her: “You speak as one of the foolish women…What? Shall we receive good at the hand of God, and shall we not receive evil? In all this did not Job sin with his lips” (vs. 10).
This is a remarkable passage. It reveals Job’s understanding that human beings must sometimes “receive evil” from God. Notice that the account does not record God correcting Job for misstating the facts! Rather, it validates Job’s conclusion by inspiring “in all this did not Job sin with his lips.”
Grasp what you have read in this abbreviated description of events. God permitted disastrous, even catastrophic suffering in Job’s life—physical and emotional pain beyond imagination! Yes, God directly permitted and endorsed this nightmarish suffering.
But it was for a great purpose for Job’s life within God’s Master Plan.
The next thirty-four chapters are primarily a description of Job’s three friends blaming him for what had happened. Throughout, Job refused to accept blame, while at the same time continuing to identify God as the source of what had occurred. He knew that God was working out an extraordinary purpose, both in his life and with all mankind. He had absolute faith in God’s authority and overall control of what was happening.
This account is recorded for us to understand—deeply! We too must have faith in God’s decisions about what we must endure. Of course, God could stop us from suffering. But He does not CHOOSE to do this, because it would thwart His Purpose.
The final five chapters show how God eventually brought home certain lessons to Job about His greatness and Job’s insignificance in His sight. I encourage you to study this remarkable book for its application in your own life.
In Chapter 42, Job acknowledged, “No purpose of Yours can be restrained” (vs. 2, marginal rendering). He had said previously, in Chapter 14, “If a man die, shall he live again?…You will have a desire to the work of Your hands” (vs. 14-15). Job grasped that God was working directly in his life, and that nothing could impede or restrain that purpose.
The same is true of you! Christians are purposed by God to develop His character. After a lifetime of overcoming, character development and spiritual growth, they are to be BORN as sons of God. This process involves suffering, sometimes much suffering, sometimes seemingly lasting a lifetime. But this is God’s purpose and no one can defeat it. God knows that life’s all-important learning process is inseparable from suffering.
Is God a Source of Evil?
While most wonder why God does not stop suffering, there is another even greater question, asked by others: “Can evil come directly from God?” God answers: “I am the LORD, and there is none else…I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, AND CREATE EVIL: I the LORD do all these things” (Isa. 45:5,7).
Obviously, Isaiah agreed with Job. Evil can come from God, and, though always within God’s overall control and purpose, Satan is often the vehicle that brings it. I cannot stress enough how all trueservants of God must recognize the vital role of suffering within the learning and character-building process, central to the lives of all those God calls to His truth!
Paul lived what he taught! Take time to read what Paul’s ministry required him to endure by studyingII Corinthians 11:24-30. This astonishing passage reveals that people can, with God’s help, handle far more discomfort, pain and suffering than they think they see its purpose.
Yet, in the grand scheme of things, when compared to the reward God has in store for all His begotten sons and daughters, how difficult was the suffering? Paul answers, “For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us. For the earnest expectation of the creature waits for the manifestation of the sons of God” (Rom. 8:18-19).
Nothing we endure in this life even remotely compares to the immortal life of supreme happiness in God’s kingdom in store for those who serve Him.
Nevertheless, suffering can be very difficult for the moment—for “this present time.” God understands this, and knows exactly when to let up—when the intended lessons have been learned! God has promised to never allow you to be tried beyond what you can endure (I Cor. 10:12-13).
Job knew God’s supreme WISDOM was at work in all that happened to him. After acknowledging God’s sovereign power over his life, he was blessed vastly beyond what he had before his trial. Faith in God’s wisdom paid off in the end.
Recall that Solomon explained that God, throughout our lives, alternates “days of prosperity” with “days of adversity” (Ecc. 7:14). Put another way, either condition you are experiencing will be followed by the opposite condition. If you are enjoying good times, difficult times lie ahead. If you are enjoying difficult times, good times will soon follow. David, Solomon’s father, knew that “weeping may endure for a night, but joy comes in the morning” (Psa. 30:5).
This is God’s promise.
If you submit to God, this principle will be fulfilled in your life, both now and eternally!

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Job and Gilgamesh: a Comparison of Inevitable Suffering

...Comparison of Inevitable Suffering It has been said that pain is inevitable but suffering is optional. But is it? When looking at extraordinary pieces of literature such as the biblical Book of Job and the Epic of Gilgamesh, describing such physical and emotional pain and the mental and spiritual suffering that the main characters endured, it tells us that their suffering was just as inevitable as their pain. However, the two men dealt very differently with the tragedies lived and their consequences; and that made all the difference in their trajectory. What differentiated their suffering was the simple fact of being able to accept their humanity. In a world controlled by gods and goddesses, humans, regardless of their efforts, cannot earn, or even justify their existence. Job understood and submitted himself to that fact, while Gilgamesh resisted it. How often the words “I’m only human” are used are used to describe someone’s lack of control or ability? That is because most people understand that as humans, they are inclined to have restriction on what they can or cannot do, they are inclined to feel pain and are allowed to suffer because of it, even the fictional human heroes, gifted with supernatural powers, do. It is a condition of human life, as are the losses, weaknesses and conflicts. But along with humanity comes limitations to understanding and reason, and where reason stops and what seems inexplicable begins is also where the human mind ceases to understand...

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...contingently. This is based on the idea of the Principle of Sufficient Reason that states that every truth is either necessary or contingent, but the principle it follows is neither. The idea is that God is the only being that necessarily exists. (26) Sophie stated it the best by saying “A necessary truth couldn’t conceivably be false. It is, in that sense, self-evident.” (27) There must be a reason for the truth of every fact. It is either based on the idea of the facts it lies upon itself or based on some other true facts. Oscar did not buy into any of this. He felt as though everything seemed to good to be true. How can all these facts just depend on each other but do not explain anything? David added that either God exists or the universe is inexplicable (28), which Oscar then agreed upon. However if the universe is not inexplicable, then God exists. Therefore, is the universe explicable? David made a good point by saying, “The belief in God is irrational, but now it looks as if the universe itself is irrational if God doesn’t exist.” Sophie consulted and realized that there is no definite answer to this question. If God does not exist then the universe is indifferent to our sense of order and intelligence. If the Principle of Sufficient Reason is true, then God exists. Sophie concluded and said, “The Greeks gave us the idea of cosmos, which things happen for a reason...

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Essay About Evil And Suffering

...Q) The problem of evil, why people suffer and how to deal with it. It is the sort of thing religion was invented for. Discuss this statement. INTRODUCTION The existence of evil and suffering in our world seems to pose a serious challenge to belief in the existence of a perfect God. If God was all-knowing, it seems that God would know about all of the horrible things that happen in our world. If God was all-powerful, God would be able to do something about all of the evil and suffering. Furthermore, if God were morally perfect, then surely God would want to do something about it. And yet we find that our world is filled with countless instances of evil and suffering. These facts about evil and suffering seem to conflict with the orthodox theist...

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Suffering In Elie Wiesel's Night

...Revival To humans, the cause of suffering will always remain a mystery. Calamities, persecutions, hardships, insults; humans live to suffer. Elie Wiesel is an American Romanian-born Jewish writer and Holocaust survivor, who tells of his horrific tale in the novel, “Night.” Throughout the novel, Wiesel tells a journalistic story about suffering and death as he endures dreadful experiences in Nazi death camps. At one point in the story, Wiesel compares himself to Job, a character of the Bible who he feels he can relate to. At first, Wiesel fights the urge to reject God in his suffering which is an uncommon action when all hope is gone. Firstly, within the pages of the Bible reads a narrative story called, “The Book of Job.” In Job, there is a man who God allows to be directly attacked by Satan. He is an illustration of devotion as he is stripped of everything yet he remains devoted to God. By allowing Satan to attack Job, God testifies his faithfulness to him. Job was abundantly blessed by God. He had a wonderful family, a huge house, plenty of animals, and food on the table. Through...

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Problem of Evil

...religious beliefs, is the problem of evil. John Hick explains in his essay, “The Problem of Evil”, that this ‘crisis’ so to speak is based on three characteristics that Christians claim God has. Christians believe that God has infinite knowledge, power and love. The question that is then raised is: Why is life on earth filled with vast amounts of suffering, pain and evil if God has never-ending abilities to embrace those three characteristics? John Hick provides two answers to this question. He believes that evil is essential to soul making. Hick explains that evil provides humanity with important qualities such as appreciation, compassion and unselfishness. His essay suggests that pain and suffering is beneficial for humanity because through evil, individuals become worthy of being God’s children and worthy of an eternal life after death. Hick concludes his argument by stating human creation is incomplete and that it is each human’s responsibility to work for perfection by learning morals and values through suffering. Hick’s second answer is based on the concept of free will. God creates humans in such a way that they are free. Hick claims that for this to be true, humans must have the freedom to choose between right and wrong, good and evil, and whether or not to embrace God in life. Humanity must be completely free from God’s control, in order to truly be free. This puts humanity in a place where it is susceptible to sin, which encourages evil. Hick believes...

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Job vs. the Poem of a Righteous Sufferer and the Code of Hammurabi vs. Leviticus

...a similar storyline and address the issues of suffering (more specifically, undeserved suffering). Both protagonists go through great sufferings, and turn to their God(s) in bewilderment as to why. They both felt their suffering was underserved and questioned their God(s) in search of understanding. The major difference between the stories is the deities. Wherein the Poem the protagonist believed in many Gods, in the book of Job, Job believed in one all-powerful God. In the poem of the Righteous Sufferer, the Mesopotamian culture believed in many Gods. The good which one God might wish for an individual could be challenged by another God, therefore concluding that suffering could come from any deity or any reason. From the story, it seems the problem of suffering in Mesopotamian religion is dealt with “through one God working through an intermediary to deliver justice.” Meaning, the God’s will deal with you justly eventually. In time, they would redress your wrongs and cure your afflictions. So, the sufferer is given comfort, knowing that eventually their suffering will be compensated for. In the story of Job, the suffering was not brought upon by God, but rather by Satan (the adversary). God allowed this suffering to occur to Job although he considered him “blameless” and “upright.” The answer to the question of human suffering is not really answered in Job, and for the God in the story of Job, justice is not a main concern. God tells Job in a whirlwind that Job will never understand...

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