Free Essay

Gold Mining in the Philippines


Submitted By BVVT
Words 964
Pages 4
Gold Mining: Why it should be banned in the Philippines?

Gold mining in the Philippines can be traced hundreds of years back before the colonizers came to the country. As early as 1521, our ancestors were already panning gold and have decorated themselves with gold accessories. As years passed, the growth of the mining industry has increased. In 1995, Philippine Mining Act was passed which the government allowed foreign companies to fully operate in the country; it created backlash from Filipinos stating that they should be the only ones to mine their own resources but the government still allowed it for large investments coming from foreign companies which will boost the economy. 1

The country’s mining industry was also ignited by the legend of Yamashita’s treasure. The legend has attracted tourists and curious treasure seekers to look out for the supposed ‘treasure’ of gold that the Japanese Army had hidden in the different parts of the country. 2

It seems that gold mining is a lucrative business. But is mining helpful to the country?

Mining have garnered vast impacts in every aspect of the country.

It boosts the economy by letting the mining companies give the government its share of their profits. But only a margin of profits is being given to the government. According to Governor Joey Salceda of Albay, “which hosts the Rapu-Rapu Polymetallic Project, only received P3.4 million from the mining company’s revenues. The company’s export value reached P7.7 billion.” The profit that was being given by the mining company should be for infrastructures and other government-funded projects but according to him the P3.4 million was not sufficient.3

Gold mining also gives work to Filipinos. But these kinds of work are very dangerous in nature. Many lives are at risk but Filipinos continue to work despite of it. We can’t argue that mining is one, if not the most, dangerous jobs in the world. Alarming as it is, child labor is also rampant in the industry. It is a very dangerous and life-threatening job yet children work for the industry. Kids left school for mining. It should not be the case since child labor is prohibited in the country. This is a serious problem that should be tackled immediately by the government. 6

Last July 6, 2012 President Benigno Aquino III released the controversial Mining E.O. 79, which is long awaited by the different sectors about the reforms of mining in the country. 8 “One of the key features of the EO is the identification of areas that will be reserved for small-scale mining. It also prohibits mining in specific, environmentally sensitive areas; agricultural lands; and areas that have been reserved for eco-tourism.” 7 The E.O. also included that it will not sign any new mining agreements, its final. In an interview by broadcaster Karen Davila of the Department of Natural Resources (DENR) Secretary Ramon J. P. Paje, expounds that, if a mining company’s contract expires, then they could no longer apply to mine again. So those are the good points of the contract. But what is really alarming is that, some of the contracts will exist for more than 20 years and beyond. Activists are concerned that in a few years time, the environment will totally deteriorate and that is the reason why I also think that we should ban mining.

The deterioration of the environment is without a doubt the worst effect of gold mining in which we should preserve for future generations. According to Sr. Stella Matutina of Panalipdan from Mindanao at the 3rd Peoples’ Mining Conference last March of this year, “massive destruction of our beautiful environment is happening because of greed for profits by a few.” 4 Whenever there is mining, be sure that land, water, air will be affected. Mining industries cannot operate without affecting the environment. 5 Land Slides, Mud Slides, Fish Kill, Food Poisoning, Mercury Rise are just some of the bad effects of Gold Mining.

Although positive impacts can be seen on the surface, there are way more negative effects that we as unified citizens of the Philippines have to worry about. The negative effects of gold mining trump all the positive effects of it. That is why I strongly believe that it is time to stop mining activities in the country.

Mining firms have not been responsibly mining therefore; many lives are at risk and continue to worsen every year. If the mining industry cannot follow the rules then I don’t think there is a reason for them to continue mining. It is our duty as a generation to hand down to the future generations an environment that we had benefited from. The government should better act now and strengthen laws and policies about gold mining. If not then, it better ban mining now or the environment will continue to deteriorate and maybe in a flash, it will vanish and soon we will be next to disappear.






Similar Documents

Free Essay


...POLICY REFORMS AND INITIATIVES TO REVITALIZE THE PHILIPPINE MINING INDUSTRY HORACIO C. RAMOS Director MINES AND GEOSCIENCES BUREAU Department of Environment and Natural Resources Republic of the Philippines September 2009, Manila Copper Gold Nickel Chromite Polymetallic Processing Plant OPERATING MINES 7 Major Mines: Masbate Gold Operation of Filminera Lepanto’s Victoria and Teresa Gold Mines Philex’s Padcal Copper Mine Rapu-rapu Polymetallic Project. Banahaw Gold Project, Philsaga Mining Corp. Carmen Copper Project Canatuan Copper-Zinc Project of TVI Resources 1 Medium-scale Chromite Mines Redondo Project of Krominco, Inc. 10 Medium-scale Nickel Mines Cagdianao Mining Corporation, Dinagat Province Berong Nickel Project, Quezon, Palawan Rio-tuba Nickel Mining Corp., Bataraza, Palawan Hinatuan Mining Corp. – Tagana-an Project, Surigao del Norte Taganito Mining Corp. – Claver, Surigao del Norte Platinum Group Metals – Cagdianao Nickel Project, Surigao del Norte CRAU Mineral Resources Corp. – Sta. Cruz-Candelaria Nickel Project, Zambales CTP Constn, and Mining Corp. – ACT Project and Carrascal Nickel Projects, Surigao del Sur SR Metals Inc. – Tubay Nickel Project, Agusan del Norte 4 Medium-scale Gold Mines Gold mine of Johnson Gold Mining Corporation Maco Mine, Apex Mining Company Inc. Diwalwal Direct State Development Project Acupan Gold Operations of Benguet 15 Cement Plants and Quarries 1 Nickel Processing Plant in Palawan 1 Copper Smelter (PASAR) in Leyte...

Words: 1903 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Come What May

...2013 PB-13-02 Realizing the Philippines’ Mining Potential Given the country’s mineral wealth, the mining industry can be a key driver of economic growth. However, the industry is hounded by various issues and challenges. These include the social and environmental costs, a revenue sharing agreement that is seen as unfair and inequitable, the overlapping and weak enforcement of mining laws, and other problems relating to the mining sector. Unless these are addressed through a clear, consistent and competitive mining policy, the sector’s huge potential to bring economic benefits will unlikely be realized. The SEPO Policy Brief, a publication of the Senate Economic Planning Office, provides analysis and discussion on important socioeconomic issues as inputs to the work of Senators and Senate Officials. The SEPO Policy Brief is also available at Introduction The mining industry has a great potential to be a key growth sector in the Philippines given the country’s vast and rich mineral resource deposits. Mining can spur economic growth and generate employment opportunities in local communities as mining companies invest in infrastructure, utilities and other facilities within the mining sites. It can likewise contribute to the country's foreign-exchange earnings through exports and bring much needed revenues to the government through taxes and fees paid on mining and other related activities. It appears though that the Philippine mining industry has not lived up to...

Words: 6400 - Pages: 26

Free Essay

Effects of Computer

...MINING I INTRODUCTION Brief Historical Background Digging deep into history, mining in the Philippines is one of the oldest industries in the country. Gold mining in Luzon started even in the 3rd century as reported by the Chinese merchants. Before the advent of the Spanish rule, metals—primarily gold—played an important role in shaping traditions and rituals, in indigenizing certain features of Filipino beliefs, and in developing patterns of wealth, power and authority during the period. The spirit of Spanish expansionism was at its crest when it reached the Philippines in the second half of the sixteenth century. The archipelago became the base of further efforts to conquer and evangelize new areas and design new trade routes in search primarily of spices but also of gold and other precious merchandise. The Spaniards failed to develop mining in the country, but left behind one of the basic building blocks of the present-day mining laws–the Regalian Doctrine. In essence, the Regalian Doctrine stipulates that all minerals and substances underneath all lands, public or private belong to the state. In effect, the law rests on the principle of eminent domain which reserves to the state the right to develop the mines on its own initiative or through private concessions. With the Americans, mining industries accelerated as the country’s economy strengthened its links to the needs of the industrialized countries like the US. The growth of the mining industry in the Philippines...

Words: 7742 - Pages: 31

Free Essay

Study Habits

...Francis P. Patlunag BSME- 3 ‘Illegal’ gold mining in Leyte, Philippines Monday, Jan 16, 2012 TACLOBAN CITY-The Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) in Eastern Visayas is investigating the reported illegal gold mining activities in Southern Leyte and in Eastern Samar. MGB Regional Director Roger De Dios said they have to look into these illegal mining activities as these could trigger landslides just like what happened in Compostela Valley province. De Dios said a report received by his office showed there were illegal gold mining activities in San Ricardo and Saint Bernard, both in Southern Leyte, and in Balangiga, Eastern Samar. Balangiga Mayor Viscuso De Lira said he had informed the MGB office about gold extraction in his town. De Lira, in a phone interview, said gold panning in his town were located in barangays (villages) Cag-olango and Guinmaayohan, both upstream villages. Cag-olango is about 9 kilometers away from the town center with more than 600 residents while Guinmaayohan has over 1,500 residents and is 12 km from the town proper. “I sought assistance from the MGB as to the best way to address this concern. I have yet to make a move like for a possible relocation of the people in these areas,” De Lira said. He said he could not just order the people there to relocate as it would also mean economic dislocation for them. Residents in these villages rely on farming as their main livelihood source but with a high price of gold at P1,800 per ounce, there is now a...

Words: 914 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Mining a Tropical Paradise

...allows easy strip mining operations. Nauruans enjoyed strip mining for a century as it made them among the richest people in the world. Billions of dollars worth of phosphates had been exported. The damage to their environment due to mining was so severe. The rehabilitation of the devastated land and the replacement of income from phosphate are serious long-term problems. Since 2000, Nauru’s economy has relied largely on payments for fishing rights within its exclusive economic zone and the detention center camps for asylum seekers to Australia, which held Afghan, Burmese, and Sri Lankan refugees. The government-owned mining company, the Republic of Nauru Phosphate Company, or RONPhos, initiated the mining of subsurface secondary reserves of phosphate in late 2009, along with a new rehabilitation program for mined-out land. The rehabilitation program includes the development of a new national cemetery, a nursery for developing native flora for the reforestation of the island, a catchment area for a freshwater reservoir and a conservation area. The Nauru’s example is a warning for the Philippines. The Philippines is the fifth most mineral-rich country in the world for gold, nickel, copper, and chromite. It is home to the largest copper-gold deposit in the world. The Mines and Geosciences Bureau has estimated that the country has an estimated $840 billion worth of untapped mineral wealth. And all the regions (except NCR and ARMM) in the country allow mining operations. Even...

Words: 349 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Apex Financial Statement

...APEX MINING CO., INC. May 2, 2011 PHILIPPINE STOCK EXCHANGE, INC. Disclosure Department Tower One and Exchange Plaza Ayala Triangle, Ayala Avenue Makati City Attention: Ms. Janet Encarnacion Head, Disclosure Dept. Dear Ms. Encarnacion: We are submitting herewith SEC Form 17-A for the year ended December 31, 2010. Very truly yours, ROSANNA A. PARICA Corporate Information Officer Head Office: Unit 1704 17th Floor, Prestige Tower Condominium, F. Ortigas Jr. Road, Ortigas Center , Pasig City 1605 Tel. Nos.: 706-2805/706-2806 * Fax No.: 706-2804 Minesite: Maco, Compostela Valley COVER SHEET 4 0 6 2 1 S.E.C. Registration Number A P E X M I N I N G C O . I N C . (Company's Full Name) 1 7 T H F. O R T I F L OOR G A S J R P R E S T R D I G E T O W E R P A S I G C I T Y O R TI GA S (Business Address: No. Street City/Town//Province) ROSANNA A. PARICA Contact Person 706-2805 Company Telephone Number 1 2 Month 3 1 Day SEC Form 17-A FORM TYPE 0 6 Month 3 0 Day Fiscal Year Annual Meeting Secondary License Type, If Applicable Dept. Requiring this Doc. Amended Articles Number/Section Total Amount of Borrowings of Stockholders Domestic Foreign To be accomplished by SEC Personnel concerned File Number LCU Document I.D. Cashier STAMPS ck ink for scanning purposes SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION SEC FORM 17-A ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 17...

Words: 15269 - Pages: 62

Free Essay


...HTC's Notable Projects » Environmental Risk Assessment of Proposed Agus III Hydroelectric Power Project, Lanao del Sur: Conducted the identification of major hazards due to the dam construction; quantitative characterization of risks; formulation of alternative risk-reduction measures; selection of appropriate risk reduction schemes. » Rapu Rapu Copper – Gold Project, Construction of the Tailing Storage Facility of the Lafayette Philippines, Inc. in Rapu Rapu Island, Albay. Scope of work included planning, design, construction supervision, quality control and monitoring of the repair and improvement of the tailings storage dam for the mining company; design of dam safety monitoring system. » JBIC Technical Assistance Study for Improving the Operation of Bohol Irrigation System of the National Irrigation Administration. The TA Study was aimed at assisting the NIA to effectively operate and manage three storage reservoir dams to irrigate about 10,000 hectares. The scope of work of HTC included the review of the present system of dam operations: formulation of improved irrigation water management plan to optimize the utilization of the water resources of the reservoir schemes; demonstrate and supervise the actual operation of the system adopting the improved management plan; training of irrigation personnel and farmer beneficiaries. » Liguasan Marsh Development Master Plan, Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao: Risk assessment of potential agricultural development infrastructure...

Words: 1013 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Barrack Gold Corporation

...Barrack Gold Corporation Introduction The following essay focuses on the mining conglomerate Barrick Gold Corporation. Barrick owns gold and copper mines across Australia, Africa, and the Americas and these geographical locations provide the focus of the essay’s Macroenviromental analysis. The gold is sold to various gold bullion dealers at market prices whereas copper is sold to copper product manufacturers and copper traders in Europe, North America, South America and Asia (BarrickResponsibilty, 2013). Barrick’s Macroenviroment According to Kotler et al. (2011) a company and all of the other actors operate in a larger macroenviroment of forces that shape opportunities and pose threats to a company such as Barrick. Jobber and Ellis-Chadwick (2013) further imply that it is these actors and forces that affect the mining company’s capability to operate effectively in providing products and services to its customers. Its external environment is characterized by elements that do not have an immediate impact on its performance albeit their impact being felt over the long term. There are those that can influence the company marketing activities without management being able to control them hence the need to continuously monitor them or risk going out of business (Wilson, 2006). The framework that best discusses these elements is the PESTLE Analysis as it provides the strategic planning and environmental analysis that can be useful for Barrick to improve performance and ensure its...

Words: 3030 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Persuasive Essay On El Salvador

...politicians are exploring many ways to save the country but some could cause even more harm. Principle among these is gold mining. El Salvador has vast deposits of gold in their soil. However, in March of 2017 “Lawmakers in El Salvador voted overwhelmingly prohibit all mining for gold and other metals, making the country the first in the world to impose a nationwide ban on metal mining” (NYT Anti Gold). So the question is, should El Salvador consider gold mining as an improvement that could help the country or would it just create more problems. El Salvador's land is very rich with minerals that may be harder to find in other places. A big part of the economy for decades had been mining of those minerals, mainly tin. This process had worked for a long time until tons of the miners got laid off. These miners were laid off because all the metals were disappearing, so they had nothing left to mine. Since a huge part of the population was in the mining industry now they are all unemployed and are searching...

Words: 660 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...Deuterium as the Future Energy Source and Philippines as the Largest Producer of Deuterium Without energy, global progress would seize to expand, and the quest for better society can only be achieved with sustainable energy, however with the dilemma of the fossil fuel reserves and the few choices that could replace fossil fuel energy output, the world cannot afford not to develop nuclear fusion technology particularly with the use of Deuterium. I. Introduction II. What is Deuterium? A. Definition B. History C. Importance and Uses III. Sources D. Deuterium Mining IV. Effects E. Man and; F. Economy Introduction: “The only permanent in this world is change” and the dependence of mankind to fossil fuels as source of energy is about to end soon. Studies show that there are only 1,000 billion barrels of reserve petroleum left in the world today.  With the world's annual consumption of 28.6 billion barrels, all reserve oil will be fully used up 35 years from now.  World energy requirements will have to be shifted then to natural gas which still has 5,457 trillion cubic feet in reserve (Halog).  But this particular source is still subject to depletion. Thus, Hydrogen, which has an abundant and unlimited source in Deuterium, can be or will be the future energy reserve. This research includes some of the details about the said element. And will also give the readers knowledge and background about the existence of what...

Words: 1874 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

N. Vizcaya Mine Braces for Strike

...foreign company that is operating a gold-copper project in upland Kasibu town has called out employees over an impending strike by members of a workers’ union amid an ongoing dispute over their wages. Brennan Lang, general manager of the Didipio project of OceanaGold Philippines, Inc. said employees who are not members of the union will be asked to alter their schedule, or perform functions in anticipation of the vacuum that will be created by those who will join the picket line. “All department heads have been tasked with developing contingency plans to maintain operations in the event of a strike,” he said in a memorandum that was circulated among workers last week, a copy of which was obtained by the INQUIRER. The work stoppage at the OceanaGold Didipio mine loomed closer after the Pun-oh-ohaan Hi Kiphodan labor union, the solely recognized workers’ organization of the Didipio project, unanimously voted on Monday last week to proceed with the strike. The Jan. 20 balloting came more than a month after the union filed on Dec. 10, 2013 a notice of strike with the Department of Labor and Employment, following failed negotiations. According to Lang, workers who do not report for work, regardless of whether they joined the strike or not, shall not be paid their wages. The union has about 80 members, mostly Didipio residents, out of the total 350 workforce of OceanaGold. The impending strike is the latest hump to hit the Didipio mining project, which began commercial...

Words: 667 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

External Analysis of the Philippines

...EXTERNAL ANALYSIS of the PHILIPPINES Filipinos are food lover. Filipinos do not consider it a meal if rice is not served. Plain steamed rice is the basis of the diet. Three crops a year are harvested to provide enough rice for the population, and the government keeps surpluses stored for times of drought. Salt water and freshwater of fish and shellfish are eaten daily, served either fresh or salted. Fish, chicken and pork are usually fried, although people are becoming more health-conscious and often choose alternative methods of cooking. Garlic is added to food because it is considered healthful. Filipino food is not spicy. All food is cooked on gas burners or wood or charcoal fires and is allowed to get cold before it is eaten. Rice is cooked first, since it takes longer. When it is ready, rice will be placed on the table while the next items of the meal are prepared and served. Table knives are not used. Forks and spoons are used for dining. The food is eaten from a spoon. The traditional method of placing food on a banana leaf and eating with one's hands is also used throughout the country. It is acceptable to eat food with one's hands at restaurants as well as in the home. Breakfast is served at 6 A.M. and consists of food left over from the night before. It is not reheated. Eggs and sausage are served on special occasions. Small buns called pan de sol may be purchased from vendors early in the morning. At midmorning and in the afternoon, people eat merienda. Since Filipinos...

Words: 2467 - Pages: 10

Free Essay


...Marco Crespo Professor Joyce Martin En12 07 February, 2014 Phytoremediation: Seeing Through a Beneficial Solution An accident happened on April 26, 1986, when a unexpected surge of power during a system test destroyed unit 4 of the nuclear power station at Chernobyl in Ukraine, former Soviet Union. A devastating amount of radioactive material was released into the environment. 30 kilometres around the plant around the plant was closed after the accident. About one hundred fifteen thousand people were evacuated around 1986 and in the following years, about two hundred thousand more were also forced to vacate. Sadly, the problem did not end there. Three years after the incident, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) assessed the situation around the Chernobyl. Toxic metals and radioactive emission like iodine, cesium-137, plutonium and strontium were found in the plants, soil and even animals. Ever since 1991, the Canadian Nuclear Association also noted that there is a sudden increase in the rate of thyroid cancer. This is happened because cesium-137 or radioactive cesium, with a mass number of 137, has the capability to enter the food chain and can be delivered around an internal dosage of radiation before it can be metabolically eliminated. To prevent this from spreading, livestock were only fed plants that are uncontaminated or plants that cannot accumulate heavy metals. After that, a method was introduced to clean the soil from the toxins. This is called...

Words: 2221 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay


...As a newly industrialized country, the Philippines is still an economy with a large agricultural sector; however, services have come to dominate the economy. Much of the industrial sector is based on processing and assembly operations in the manufacturing of electronics and other high-tech components, usually from foreign multinational corporations. Filipinos who go aboard to work–-known as Overseas Filipino Workers or OFWs—are a significant contributor to the economy but are not reflected in the below sectoral discussion of the domestic economy. OFW remittances is also credited for the Philippines' recent economic growth resulting to investment status upgrades from credit ratings agencies such as theFitch Group and Standard & Poor's. Agriculture Agriculture employs 32% of the Filipino workforce as of 2013, according to World Bank statistics. Agriculture accounts for 12% of Philippines GDP as of 2013, according to the World Bank. The type of activity ranges from small subsistence farming and fishing to large commercial ventures with significant export focus. The Philippines is the world's largest producer of coconuts producing 19,500,000 tons in 2009. Coconut production in the Philippines is generally concentrated in medium-sized farms. By 1995, the production of coconut in the Philippines had experienced a 6.5% annual growth and later surpassed Indonesia in total output in the world.[41] The Philippines is also the world's largest producer of pineapples, producing 2,198...

Words: 2294 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Joy Dishwashing

...Canales, Flory Costanilla, Gianne Marisse Dalut, Michelle Gilos, Mary Grace Segurigan, Joliza Yu, Ma. Daniela Presented to: Prof. Jessie Tamayo I. Marketing Background A. Overview of the Industry The new SMC under the leadership of Cojuangco and Ang, the company has undergone a major strategic shift, streamlining and broadening its business portfolio, reshaping and redefining the very nature of its core businesses. While the company has significantly expanded its participation in its core business of food, beverage and packaging through regional acquisitions and integration, it has also made inroads into the power, mining, petroleum, infrastructure and telecommunication industries. San Miguel Corporation operates in beverages, food, packaging, fuel and oil, power, mining, and infrastructure businesses in the Philippines and internationally. The Beverage segment produces and markets alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages. The Food segment is involved in the feeds production; poultry and livestock farming; processing and sale of poultry and meat products; processing and marketing of refrigerated and canned meat products; manufacturing and marketing of flour products, premixes and flour-based products, dairy-based products, breadfill, desserts, and cooking oil; and importation and marketing of coffee and coffee-related products. The Packaging segment is engaged in the production and marketing of packaging products. It is also involved in crate and plastic pallet...

Words: 2065 - Pages: 9