Free Essay

How Accurate Is It to Say That One of the Reasons That Henry V Invaded France in 1415 Was to Strengthen His Position as King of England?


Submitted By Jazh
Words 1116
Pages 5
It is accurate to say that one of the reasons that Henry V invaded France in 1415 was to strengthen his position as King of England, but it is not the only reason nor is it necessarily the main reason; France’s domestic situation, and Scotland’s lack of threats were also reasons why England invaded France at that time.
One of the main reasons why Henry V invaded France was indeed that he wanted to strengthen his position as the King of England; Henry had inherited the throne from his father, Henry IV, who had had many troubles during his reign regarding his line to the throne: many thought that Henry IV had a weak claim to the Crown, and the line to the throne was weakened by the fact that he had usurped the role from Richard II and had not been Richard’s heir. Henry V wanted to strengthen his claim to the throne and secure his position as King of England by invading France in 1415; invading France would have shown that Henry was a traditional King and intended to win his support and honour on the battle field like many of the Medieval Kings before him, showing that he could be a strong and worthy King, which also counteracted his father’s abilities in later life: Henry IV had become ill during the later years of his life and could not campaign to places like Wales and Scotland in person, meaning that he had lost some support over the years, though his son, the future Henry V, had taken over the roles of business and government. Henry would have also invaded France in 1415 to establish the legitimacy of the Lancastrian dynasty: he wanted the respect of his subjects, and to he felt he needed to assert this legitimacy by invading and if he succeeded in invading, it would have shown that he had divine favour for his reign. Having divine favour would have made his subjects respect him, and would have shown that God supported his rule, asserting his role as King and his Lancastrian roots. Dynastic security was very important to the new King, thus it is accurate to say that strengthening his position as King of England was a main reason for invading France in 1415, though it is not necessarily the main reason.
Dynastic claim of France would also have been another reason why Henry V invaded France. Though his claim to the French throne was weak (descended from the King of France’s daughter, and the French descendants could not claim the crown if they were through a female line) Henry V had noticed that the monarch- domestic situation in France was troublesome, and there would be an opening to invade France easily because of this: having troubles would have meant that they country would not have been as forceful as it would have been if the monarchy was stronger, resulting in Henry seeing this weakness and using it to his advantage. France was also struggling with a Civil War between the Armagnacs and Burgundians; the country was weak and divided, making the country easier to invade. Henry had also tried negotiating with the two factions over a year previously, and both of the attempts of negotiation and teamwork had turned sour: John the Fearless of the Burgundians had sought Henry’s help when the Armagnacs attacked, but the negotiations in 1414 failed due to Henry’s territorial ambitions. His talk with the Armagnacs was equally fruitless due to his demands of sovereignty. Working (or attempting) with both factions meant that Henry could have driven the two sides further apart from each other and could have aggravated them, causing the divide between France to be even deeper than before, making it easier for England to invade and conquer due to the weakness of its unity. Thus, the tension between the Burgundians and the Armagnacs was a reason why Henry V decided to invade. Charles IV, the current King of France, was also having difficulties of his own: he would not rule efficiently due to bouts of mental illness, which would have meant that France was without a reliable monarchy to protect them or fight for them in battle- which would have been seen as a King’s duty- causing unrest in France. The unrest, along with the divide between the noblemen, would have made France easy to invade since it would not be able to efficiently defend itself against England’s attacks, especially since England had developed the weapon called the ‘English Long Bow’ several years earlier which could have devastating effects on an army. Therefore it is accurate to say that a claim to the French throne and France’s weakness was a reason why Henry V invaded France in 1415, though it is not necessarily the main reason.
France was close to England, making it reasonably easy to invade like the other countries which surrounded England. Lack of threat from surrounding countries would have been a major reason why Henry V invaded France at that time. The threats from Scotland and Wales had been occurring for a while, since Henry V’s father had lost much of the support from the nobles in Wales due to his declining health in the later years of his life. However, the Welsh Revolt had been crushed in his father’s reign, and Wales was slowly becoming accustomed to Lancastrian rule, which meant that there would be no rebellions from the Welsh. Scotland also no longer posted a thread to England because its King, James I, was being held in the Tower of London, leaving Scotland without a strong leader, which they would need if they were to attack England. Also, the French and the Scottish had an alliance called the Auld Alliance, which meant that they would unite together against England and help each other invade if necessary- France was having domestic issues during this time which coincided with James I’s imprisonment, meaning that they alliance would have been weak and would have not posed as a thread to England’s safety. Thus, the lack of threat from surrounding countries would be a main reason for Henry to invade France in 1415.
To conclude, it is accurate to suggest that the main reason why Henry V invaded France in 1415 was to strengthen his position as King of England, because strengthening his position would have meant glory, power and wealth, all of which the young King wanted. Lack of threats from surrounding countries such as Scotland also contributed to Henry V invading, as did his claim to the French throne (however weak), though Henry’s desire to strengthen his position is the main reason why he attacked France in 1415.

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...WEAPONS AND WARFARE SERIES Aircraft Carriers, Paul E. Fontenoy Ancient Weapons, James T. Chambers Artillery, Jeff Kinard Ballistic Missiles, Kev Darling Battleships, Stanley Sandler Cruisers and Battle Cruisers, Eric W. Osborne Destroyers, Eric W. Osborne Helicopters, Stanley S. McGowen Machine Guns, James H. Willbanks Military Aircraft in the Jet Age, Justin D. Murphy Military Aircraft, 1919–1945, Justin D. Murphy Military Aircraft, Origins to 1918, Justin D. Murphy Pistols, Jeff Kinard Rifles, David Westwood Submarines, Paul E. Fontenoy Tanks, Spencer C. Tucker MEDIEVAL WEAPONS AN ILLUSTRATED HISTORY OF THEIR IMPACT Kelly DeVries Robert D. Smith Santa Barbara, California • Denver, Colorado • Oxford, England Copyright 2007 by ABC-CLIO, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, except for the inclusion of brief quotations in a review, without prior permission in writing from the publishers. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data DeVries, Kelly, 1956– Medieval weapons : an illustrated history of their impact / Kelly DeVries and Robert D. Smith. p. cm. — (Weapons and warfare series) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN-10: 1-85109-526-8 (hard copy : alk. paper) ISBN-10: 1-85109-531-4 (ebook) ISBN-13: 978-1-85109-526-1 (hard copy : alk...

Words: 118320 - Pages: 474

Premium Essay

World Civilisation

...HUM 1000: WORLD CIVILIZATIONS NOTES BY DR. KAKAI P.W THE NATURE AND ORIGIN OF CIVILIZATION IN AFRICA Definition of key terms As we begin this course, it is crucial to first discuss our understanding of the concept ‘civilization’. This is a comparative term which is usually applied in comparison to such words as ‘barbarian’ ‘savage’ and ‘primitive’. In classical antiquity the Europeans used the word ‘barbarian’ to refer to a foreigner who was regarded as inferior (Ogutu and Kenyanchui, An Introduction To African History, 1991 p33). Do you think this is still the way we use the word barbarian? The Latin speakers referred to hunters, food-gatherers as savage. In the 17th century this term ‘savage’ referred to a person without art, literacy, or society who lived in fear of existence and death. ‘Primitive’ on the other hand, in Latin meant ‘the first or original’. Europeans used these words interchangeably when referring to non-Europeans while the word civilization was preserved to describe historical developments of European people (ibid). Now the term civilization is no longer confined to the above development but also extends reference to non-European communities. Attributes of civilization includes observance to law, belonging to an organized society, having a society of literate people with advanced developments in urbanization, agriculture, commerce, arts and technology. The French thinkers of the 18th century referred to a person of the arts and literature...

Words: 29345 - Pages: 118

Free Essay


...Critical Theories of Globalization Chamsy el-Ojeili and Patrick Hayden Critical Theories of Globalization Also by Chamsy el-Ojeili CONFRONTING GLOBALIZATION: Humanity, Justice and the Renewal of Politics FROM LEFT COMMUNISM TO POSTMODERNISM: Reconsidering Emancipatory Discourse Also by Patrick Hayden AMERICA’S WAR ON TERROR CONFRONTING GLOBALIZATION: Humanity, Justice and the Renewal of Politics COSMOPOLITAN GLOBAL POLITICS JOHN RAWLS: Towards a Just World Order THE PHILOSOPHY OF HUMAN RIGHTS Critical Theories of Globalization Chamsy el-Ojeili Department of Sociology, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand Patrick Hayden School of International Relations, University of St Andrews, UK © Patrick Hayden and Chamsy el-Ojeili 2006 All rights reserved. No reproduction, copy or transmission of this publication may be made without written permission. No paragraph of this publication may be reproduced, copied or transmitted save with written permission or in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, or under the terms of any licence permitting limited copying issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency, 90 Tottenham Court Road, London W1T 4LP. Any person who does any unauthorized act in relation to this publication may be liable to criminal prosecution and civil claims for damages. The authors have asserted their rights to be identified as the authors of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents...

Words: 100030 - Pages: 401

Premium Essay

A Good E-Book on Various Religions Across the World

...THE HANDY RELIGION AN SWE R BOOK JOHN RENARD Detroit The Handy Religion Answer Book™ C O P Y R I G H T © 2002 BY VI S I B LE I N K PRE SS® This publication is a creative work fully protected by all applicable copyright laws, as well as by misappropriation, trade secret, unfair competition, and other applicable laws. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher, except by a reviewer who wishes to quote brief passages in connection with a review written for inclusion in a magazine or newspaper. All rights to this publication will be vigorously defended. Visible Ink Press® 43311 Joy Rd. #414 Canton, MI 48187-2075 Visible Ink Press and The Handy Religion Answer Book are trademarks of Visible Ink Press LLC. Most Visible Ink Press books are available at special quantity discounts when purchased in bulk by corporations, organizations, or groups. Customized printings, special imprints, messages, and excerpts can be produced to meet your needs. For more information, contact Special Markets Director, Visible Ink Press, at or (734) 667-3211. Art Director: Mary Claire Krzewinski Typesetting: Graphix Group Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Renard, John, 1944The handy religion answer book / John Renard. p. cm. ISBN 1-57859-125-2 (pbk.) 1. Religions--Miscellanea. I. Title. BL80.2 .R46 2001 291--dc21 Printed in the United States of America All rights reserved ...

Words: 245202 - Pages: 981