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How Do Organisms Make Up Thermodynamics?

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Biology and chemistry are complimentary to each other; one cannot be studied in its entirety without the firm understanding of the other. Interactions between chemicals are what make up biological life, which makes up organisms. Organisms are living structures made up of cells that consist of animals, plants, and bacteria. They are biologically engineered yet composed of a multitude of chemical reactions. By examining organisms, their premise of living is based off of their ability to create energy. Chemistry is vital to the understanding of biology as seen with the chemical interactions that make up thermodynamics. Thermodynamics pertains to the change in energy and heat that occurs in all of matter. It is divided into categories of isolated …show more content…
ATP is composed of three different groups; the triphosphate group, which is composed of three phosphate groups, a sugar ribose, and a nitrogenous base. When water is added to ATP, it breaks the bond between the three phosphate groups to two, resulting in adenosine diphosphate (ADP). This process is known as hydrolysis, which leads to the release of energy. When the hydrolysis of ATP produces work, it gives off heat to the area that is surrounded. ATP hydrolysis is used in proteins, specifically the muscle contractions to warm up the organism (Reece, 149, 2014). Energy by chemical reactions is also used to help transport proteins function. The protein within the cell uses energy produced by this reaction for chemical work, transport work, and mechanical work. An example of chemical work would be the process of ATP synthesis, specifically the Krebs Cycle. Krebs Cycle is the central metabolic pathway in all-aerobic organisms. The cycle is a series of eight reactions that occur in the mitochondrion, specifically in the matrix. These reactions take a two-carbon molecule (acetate) and completely oxidize it to carbon dioxide (Case). This releases carbon dioxide as well as water, therefore changing the chemical property of what was first broken down and oxidized. This creates ADP and NADPH (Case). As a result, organisms can transform energy, but energy can never be

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