Free Essay

Industry in the Late Twentieth Century

In: Historical Events

Submitted By iheardulkwaffles
Words 1244
Pages 5
Texas has enormous natural resources, and it is the reason due to which it is considered to be one of the largest industrial hubs in the US. In the early 20th century, the discovery of the Spindle top geyser provided a great chance for growth in the oil industry. Texas successfully utilized its oil industry to achieve great success and revenues. The oil industry is one of the most valuable industries in Texas because it contributes significantly to the overall economy of the country. The topic selected for the proposed research is the history of Texas related to the oil industry in the late twentieth century. It is difficult to gather first-hand knowledge, and therefore, the research will be based on both primary (interviews) and secondary research. Texas’s history related to its oil boom has great significance and it has deepened the knowledge about the petroleum strokes in Texas. The proposed research would provide a useful account of the history related to the famous oil industry of Texas. Therefore, the research will provide a chance to enhance the knowledge about the history of Texas’s oil boom. The related information regarding the topic will be obtained from different journals including The Journal of American History, Journal of Tourism in Southern & Eastern Europe, etc. The whole data will be compiled to complete the research work on the history of Texas and present useful information in a coherent and meaningful manner. Collecting data is also time-consuming as it could be difficult to get authentic information. Few contradictions could even be faced between interviews and the research material gathered, but it would be addressed and highlighted in the main report.
Texas Oil Industry in the Twentieth Century
Thesis Statement: The 20th century could be seen as the major turnaround in the oil industry of Texas that led to great economic growth in the region and is still continuing to play its role in the current times.
Texas has enormous natural resources, and it is the reason due to which it is considered to be one of the largest industrial hubs in the US. In the early 20th century, the discovery of the Spindle top geyser provided a great chance for growth in the oil industry. During that time, Texas successfully utilized its oil industry to achieve great success and revenues. Such growth attracted many companies to establish oil fields, and the government started generating oil-production tax. It provided a chance for the State to earn huge revenues, and invest in its economical development. It provided many benefits to the infrastructure of the Texas. The literature suggests that Texas is the second most populated state, and the petroleum strokes provided growth to the economy (Isecke, 2012). It can be said that the gaps can be found in the oil industry’s history due to the different methods for oil production implemented in the region.
Upon analyzing the literature on the history of Texas oil industry and oil production process, it can be said that the fall of the oil industry is unanswered. The State was producing oil from rocks, but there is a fall in the oil industry production (Merrill, 2012).
The oil industry is one of the well-established industries in Texas because it has provided maximum chances to grow the economy of the country. Therefore, it will not be incorrect to state that the research is adding the body to the historical work.
The significance of the Texas history related to its oil boom has deepened the knowledge about the petroleum strokes in Texas. We all know about the famous oil industries but what is the history behind it is unclear. Therefore, the research will provide a chance to enhance and improve the knowledge about history of Texas oil boom (Weaver, 2010).
Description of Research:
The history of the oil boom in Texas is the reason for economic growth and dramatic changes in the early 20th century.
The goals for the research are to enhance the knowledge about the Texas oil boom history and oil production industry benefits for the economic growth.
The questions to be asked in an interview will be aimed to enhance the knowledge about the Texas oil production including how the oil industries are producing oil other than utilizing and what factors are leading to the reduction in the oil production. Whereas, there was a Texas oil stroke is the most historic incident. For this, the journal articles are the best available source in the sources (Merrill, 2012).
Evidence and Data:
The data for the proposed research will be collected primary research in the form of interviews of the industry’s experts and secondary research including published journals. The data used in this report is easily accessible on the Internet and various journals that can be easily reviewed. The Journal of American History, Journal of tourism in Southern & Eastern Europe, etc. are some of the journals that would be consulted (Isecke, 2012).
Budget and Time:
The topic is about the history of Texas related to the industry in the late twentieth century so it is difficult to gather first-hand knowledge. Most of the information will be collected through research work and peer review journals. The collection of data would be done from various studies, and the research work was distributed in steps. Institutional grants are not sought because the work for the report can be easily done through published journals and interviews on phone calls. The whole data will be compiled to complete the research work on the history of Texas. A schedule is prepared to complete the research work on time. Assuming a 12 week semester, data collection and research proposal would be completed in weeks 1 and 2, a first draft would be prepared in week 3, followed by the conclusion of interviews in weeks 4 and 5. Primary and secondary research would be compiled and completed in the following weeks, 6 and 7. A second draft would then be prepared in week 8, leaving the final 3 to 4 weeks for the final draft of the research paper and any necessary editing. The schedule represents the amount of work to be completed in making the final report and also explains which work has to be completed by what time.
As the research will not include any work involving visiting the place, but interviews will be taken of a few people, which will consume time as it is difficult to interview people on the phone. Collecting the data is also time consuming as it is difficult to get authentic information. Few contradictions could be expected between the interviews and the research material to be gathered, but it would be addressed in the final report. In addition to it, multiple classes and work are also a hurdle because of which the research report process took a bit more time than expected. Overall the project would be completed with ease and such barriers can be avoided as from this research a lot of knowledge is expected to be achieved.
Reference List
Isecke, H. (2012). Texas in the 20th Century: Building Industry and Community: Building Industry and Community. Huntington Beach: Teacher Created Materials.
Merrill, K. R. (2012). Texas Metropole: Oil, the American West, and U.S. Power in the Postwar Years. Journal of American History, 99 (1), 197-207.
Weaver, B. D. (2010). Oilfield Trash: Life and Labor in the Oil Patch. College Station: Texas A&M University Press.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

History of Immigration in America

...History of Immigration in America Ethnic, cultural, and religious of immigrants in differences from both late nineteenth and prior to late twentieth century led to widespread assertions of the whole nation that it had made a new America. “Can We Still Afford to be a Nation of Immigration”, by David Kennedy, divides two greatest immigrants came to the United States. The author examines two historical migratory waves both in positive and negative consequences effected to the nation. America is the land of opportunities and freedom, where people come and work, seek for new better life. In either negative or positive results caused by immigrants in our economy and social culture, this country still be able to continue supporting new migrants and it will remains as the nation of immigrants. Through-out nineteenth century, mass urban and rural immigrants came from many different countries in different social culture and religious. After the first World War, population growth in Europe shipped million people out of the continent, that “population boom was the indispensable precondition for Europe to export people on the scale”. Especially by the late of this period, there were at least half of 70 millions “had left Europe” migrated to the United States. They made a huge impact to the nation and made American changed drastically and permanently. There were Italians, Jews, as well as many others from Northern and Eastern Europe. They carry with them the America Dream, in which......

Words: 713 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...Tobacco Industry Tobacco is a green leaf that usually grows in warmer climate and the use of tobacco is by cigarette, pipe or cigar and another way of using tobacco is by chewing or sniffed through nose. Tobacco contain Nicotine (is a drug) by consuming tobacco the nicotine follow into our bloodstream and changes our body and we feel our heart beats faster and increase blood pressure. It was widely found in North and South of America and at first it was use by American as a special religious and medical purpose, before the European came from England, Spain, France, and Italy to North America. After that in 1612 American colony Jamestown, Virginia plant tobacco as a source of Income which was sold to British and it was the oldest industry in United States. Tobacco has enjoyed deeper ties to the colonization of the New World and to the expansion of international trade between the New World and Europe, Asia, and the Middle East over the last four centuries, and at the end of the twentieth century U.S. Companies such as Philip Morris and RJR Nabisco continued to dominate the International cigarette market and stood among the most profitable transnational corporations. US tobacco growing, manufacturing, distribution, marketing, and sales contributed $15 billion in wages to some 660,000 American workers. Beside that it was the symbol of modernity and in 1880s it helped inaugurate in the United States the modern era of mass consumer products, mass advertising and promotion. ......

Words: 725 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...The Laissez- Faire Takeover In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, America is at one of its highest points in history going into the twentieth century; it has so many resources and space still to provide for people. When the word had gotten out about America and what it had to provide, a vast amount of immigrants started pouring in, in search of a better life and better fortune. The industries of Eastern United States keenly employed these immigrants because they were willing to work long hours for low wages, and the rich capitalists took advantage of this situation. Capitalists and the incoming immigrants never saw eye to eye, and strikes would break out often, some ending in violence or death. Most workers had no political freedom nor even have a voice in the company that employed them because of the industrial system that curtailed their rights. The life of a nineteenth century American industrial worker was far from easy, even during what seem to be good times, wages were low, hours long and work conditions dangerous. The general issue that raised between the two, what has for many years before is that, little of the wealth being made is being distributed to the working class. This situation was worse for women and children who took up more of the work force than men, and still made half of what men usually would make. Work conditions were often tedious because workers would do tasks over and over while working an average 10 hour days, six days a week.......

Words: 1400 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

American Labor Movement

...American Labor Movement Labor unions began to develop in America in the nineteenth century because of the need for better safety and job security for workers. Workers formed labor unions in response to dangerous working conditions, low wages, and long hours. In the wake of the Industrial Revolution, men, women, and even children worked in unsafe factories for ten to twelve hours daily for a meager pay. These harsh conditions forced workers to look for ways to improve their situation. They eventually learned that by banding together and bargaining as a group, they could pressure employers to respond to their demands. The development of labor unions follows the development of the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution brought about skilled laborers and a huge increase in production, thanks to a better production system. The new factory system brought workers both steady employment in good economic times and bad working conditions and unemployment during depressions. Consequently, the Industrial Revolution changed the American class structure, turning skilled tradesmen into the working class, who found it very difficult to escape factory work. Printers, carpenters, tailors, and weavers formed local craft unions in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century. Their main objective was to maintain craft standards, to prevent employers from hiring unskilled workers and immigrant labor. The largest labor organizations emerged between 1866 and 1936. The National......

Words: 2019 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Beyond Consumerism

...Beyond Consumerism: New Historical Perspectives on Consumption Author(s): Frank Trentmann Source: Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 39, No. 3 (Jul., 2004), pp. 373-401 Published by: Sage Publications, Ltd. Stable URL: . Accessed: 21/03/2011 08:15 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at . JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use. Please contact the publisher regarding any further use of this work. Publisher contact information may be obtained at . . Each copy of any part of a JSTOR transmission must contain the same copyright notice that appears on the screen or printed page of such transmission. JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact Sage Publications, Ltd. is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access...

Words: 14844 - Pages: 60

Premium Essay

The Lorax and Ecocentrism

...certain literary characteristics that Seuss incorporated in The Lorax, which stemmed from successful environmental children’s literature from the late seventeenth century to the twentieth century. It will establish the success of each work due to the theme or agenda it had that reflected the social and environmental issues of its time, and will then establish to what extent Seuss’s The Lorax stands as a strong example for ecocritics and educators alike, of an environmental children’s story and its impact on the child reader. To further understand the position of this paper, it is important to identify the nature of ecocentricism and the development of the interdisciplinary field. Ecocentricism is an ethical practice that “decenters humanity’s importance in nonhuman nature and nature writing and instead explores the complex interrelationships between the human and the nonhuman,” (Buell, 2011). The practice, in the last twenty years, has become a field of inquiry in response to “growing academic concern about the response of literature and literary theory to the global crisis of environmental degradation,” (Sigler, 1994). Using an ecocentric lens, this essay explores the characteristics and social and environmental agendas that children’s literature has had from the early eighteenth century, to the nineteenth and early twentieth century, up until the 1970’s with Dr. Seuss’s The Lorax. The Lorax begins with a boy (described as a ‘Who’ but...

Words: 3013 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Economic, Social and Political Change in 19th Century

...influenced and formed by the industrial revolution, in particular the second wave that occurred in the late 1800’s. The revolution as a whole resulted in the change from economies based on agriculture and farming, to industry based profits. This second wave of the revolution not only refined and improved the prior inventions of iron and coal, but brought with it new highly developed technologies such as steel, electricity, oil and chemicals that lead to the creation of new industries that had not existed prior. The introduction of large scale steel and iron production, as well as advanced railway systems and the opening of the Suez Canal, allowed countries to export vast amounts of resources easily, therefore boosting economies.  The introduction of electricity into society during this time also had a profound impact on the economic situation of many countries and individuals by allowing possible work hours to be increased dramatically. In 1914, Britain, Germany, France and the US owned 72% of the world’s manufacturing output, having a profound impact on the economies of the countries but also creating a climate of competition between the strong industrial powers. To a certain extent, this economic change throughout the world had a significant impact, and acted as a catalyst for increasing social and political change. Political change was evident during the early 20th century given that dynastic rulers still governed solely over many of the imperial nations at the start......

Words: 957 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

A New World

...A NEW WORLD OF COMMUNICATION Certainly, the first president of the United States would be awed by the power of these new media to change ideas about the world, perceptions, and even life itself. At the end of the twentieth century and the beginning of a new millennium, there can be little doubt about mass media's impact on the way the world works. Consider a few examples: The communist world collapsed, and mass media played a key role. In the Persian Gulf War of 1991, the American government seemed to be as much concerned with influencing the media as with fighting the enemy. Our politicians have spent hundreds of millions of dollars on television advertising; they are no longer judged by their ideas or leadership but by their ability to project a telegenic image. Athletes no longer seem as engaged in sportsman-like competition as they are in competing for huge salaries as mass entertainers. The 0. J. Simpson trials and the death and funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales, have shown us that celebrities often command the world's media attention more than real issues of life and death for the planet. Most of us have had some direct experience with the impact of media on our lives, and we have witnessed their power in molding institutions and shaping events. What is still debatable, however, is whether that power is being used for good or for ill. In this discussion there are many sides-and that is what this book is all about. Without question, the mass media in America are......

Words: 5359 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Early and Late Industrialisation

...Can the concept of ‘early’ and ‘late’ industrialization explain the key institutional and organizational characteristics of national business systems, and do they have any bearing on long-term national competitiveness? Introduction The concept of industrialization has been used among different nations and regions, while many countries have carried out their own industrialization progress during the past several decades, which stimulates the development of organizations and better corporate performance. There are different kinds of national business systems with their distinctive characteristics varying among countries. Then ‘early’ and ‘late’ industrialization is applied to describe two main types of national businesses that existing in developed and developing countries, which explains the key institutional and organizational differences among countries in particular to some extend. Each country has fallowed different pathway and carried out their industrialization in different period. It is known that the UK is the first country that achieved early industrialization revolution, which was followed by the US. And then in the late twentieth century, Germany, Japan and China implemented their industrialization process with dramatic change on their economic performance. The purpose of this essay is to use the conception of ‘early’ and ‘late’ industrialization to explain the key institutional and organizational characteristics of national business systems by comparative......

Words: 5330 - Pages: 22

Free Essay

One Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.

...E SSAYS ON TWENTIETH-C ENTURY H ISTORY In the series Critical Perspectives on the Past, edited by Susan Porter Benson, Stephen Brier, and Roy Rosenzweig Also in this series: Paula Hamilton and Linda Shopes, eds., Oral History and Public Memories Tiffany Ruby Patterson, Zora Neale Hurston and a History of Southern Life Lisa M. Fine, The Story of Reo Joe: Work, Kin, and Community in Autotown, U.S.A. Van Gosse and Richard Moser, eds., The World the Sixties Made: Politics and Culture in Recent America Joanne Meyerowitz, ed., History and September 11th John McMillian and Paul Buhle, eds., The New Left Revisited David M. Scobey, Empire City: The Making and Meaning of the New York City Landscape Gerda Lerner, Fireweed: A Political Autobiography Allida M. Black, ed., Modern American Queer History Eric Sandweiss, St. Louis: The Evolution of an American Urban Landscape Sam Wineburg, Historical Thinking and Other Unnatural Acts: Charting the Future of Teaching the Past Sharon Hartman Strom, Political Woman: Florence Luscomb and the Legacy of Radical Reform Michael Adas, ed., Agricultural and Pastoral Societies in Ancient and Classical History Jack Metzgar, Striking Steel: Solidarity Remembered Janis Appier, Policing Women: The Sexual Politics of Law Enforcement and the LAPD Allen Hunter, ed., Rethinking the Cold War Eric Foner, ed., The New American History. Revised and Expanded Edition E SSAYS ON _ T WENTIETH- C ENTURY H ISTORY Edited......

Words: 163893 - Pages: 656

Premium Essay

History of Project Managment

...1960s, businesses and other organizations began to see the benefit of organizing work around projects. This project-centric view of the organization evolved further as organizations began to understand the critical need for their employees to communicate and collaborate while integrating their work across multiple departments and professions and, in some cases, whole industries. LATE NINETEENTH CENTURY: We can travel back even further, to the latter half of the nineteenth century, when the business world was becoming increasingly complex, to see how project management evolved from basic management principles. Large-scale government projects were the impetus for making important decisions that became the basis for project management methodology. In the United States, for example, the first truly large government project was the transcontinental railroad, which began construction in the 1860s. Suddenly, business leaders found themselves faced with the daunting task of organizing the manual labor of thousands of workers and the processing and assembly of unprecedented quantities of raw material. EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY: Taylor introduced the concept of working more efficiently, rather than working harder and longer. The inscription on Taylor's tomb in Philadelphia attests to his place in the history of management: "The father of scientific management." His studies of management focused on navy ship construction during World War I. His Gantt Charts, complete with task......

Words: 607 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

What Aspects and Characteristics of American Health Care of the 18th and 19th Centuries Have Had a Major Impact on Shaping Today’s U.S. Health Care System

...What aspects and characteristics of American health care of the 18th and 19th centuries have had a major impact on shaping today’s U.S. health care system?” The main historical developments that have shaped the health care delivery system in the United States. Knowledge of the history of health care is essential for understanding the main characteristics of the system as it exists today. For example, the system’s historical foundations explain why health care delivery in the United States has been resistant to national health insurance, which has been adopted by Canada and most European nations. Traditionally held American cultural beliefs and values, technological advances, social changes, economic constraints, and political opportunism are the main historical factors that have shaped health care delivery Because of these factors, health care in the United States is mainly a private industry, but it also receives a fairly substantial amount of financing from the government. However, government financing is used mainly ▪ Cultural beliefs and values • Self-reliance ▪ • Welfare assistance only for the most needy ▪ Social factors • Demographic shifts • Immigration • Health status• Urbanization ▪ Advances in science and technology • New treatments • Training of health professionals • Facilities and equipment Major changes driven by social, cultural, technological, economic, and political forces will be instrumental in shaping the future of medical services in......

Words: 1854 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Beginnings of American Cinema Fil-110

...Although the interest in “motion pictures” dates back hundreds of years, it wasn’t until the early 19th century that the American people began to focus on advancing the visual art of film. DIfferent methods of image projection served as the rudimentary foundations of motion picture entertainment, and they advanced rapidly throughout the 1800s. Innovators such as Thomas Edison and Eadweard Muybridge began building off of image-projecting technologies to create the roots of America’s film industry. The history of the “motion picture” as we know it begins with photographer and entrepreneur Eadweard Muybridge in California in the late 19th century. He used timed exposures of photos of racehorses to capture the different stages of a horse’s gallop and placed them on a projector to simulate motion. He traveled with his creation in hopes of advancing his invention, and he eventually met with Thomas Edison at one of his shows. During this time, Edison and Muybridge worked together while trying to discover a way to set these moving images to sound from Edison’s phonograph. Soon after their meeting, Edison set out to create an even better camera that could capture more images, and eventually created the kinetograph and the kinetoscope. By the turn of the century, it was evident that the film industry was s profitable enterprise. Many early films contained little to no story line, such as Edison’s The Kiss and The Sneeze. Later, when the ability to pan a camera was born, cinema......

Words: 652 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...and not only their competition is at a national level, now their competition is also in the foreign market. For this, FEMSA join with the foreign beer company Heineken in order to distribute in the United States the products Tecate, Dos Equis, Sol, Carta Blanca y Bohemia. With this both companies will have the 26% of presence of the exported beers in the United States market. Also this will help the company from Monterrey to strength his competition with Grupo Modelo. The main reason for Cerveceria to look forward this types of joints with other companies is to expand their market to other countries and with this over pass their competition. * The beginning of the beer industry in Mexico The beginning of this industry took place during 1880 – 1910 together with the beginning of the modern industry “porfiriana”. It was a period of time were big companies started to establish and as they needed a good amount of money for investment they were established as anonymous societies for legal terms. At this period the main companies of cigarettes,...

Words: 2949 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Professional Writer

...American West Development Student`s Name Institutional Affiliation Submission Date Gold rush in America west [pic] Retrieved from: Above is a photograph of miners washing gold. The photo was taken in the nineteenth century at Deadwood town. The discovery of gold in American west spread like a bush fire, and within no time, a huge number of people had already camped in the mining fields ready to mine the gold and get rich. Many people left their families, jobs and moved to the goldfields’ (Limerick, 1998). During that time American west state experienced a large number of immigrants, all coming to try their luck in the fields. Those who managed to get gold became richer while those who didn’t become poorer. The gold rush brought about huge environmental changes in the country’s landscape (Limerick, 1998). There were very deep holes that were dug in search of the gold. Trees were cut down to clear the fields and to take care of the huge demand for wood that was used to power the steam engines that ran the lifting cables. The rapid destruction of the forest triggered soil erosion in the fields. The miners were less concerned with the consequences of their acts to the environment, for them, America was a place to exploit gets your wealth and leave. There was a rapid population growth in American west;......

Words: 2699 - Pages: 11