Jails and Prisons

In: Other Topics

Submitted By stlandrew86
Words 776
Pages 4
Jails and Prisons
Andrew Scott
March 12, 2013
Jeff Walters

There are many types of prisons found in the United States today. Minimum security prisons have housing similar to college dorms, few staff members relative to the number of inmates, as well as minimal to no fencing around the prison. After minimum security prisons, there are low security prisons. These prisons usually have a double fence and a higher staff-to-inmate ratio. Much like minimum security prisons, low security prisons have dorm or cubicle like housing. Like the low security prisons, medium security prisons typically have a double fence; but to heighten security they add an electronic detection system. Most medium security prisons have cell housing, more staff and offer a wide variety of work and treatment programs. High security prisons are typically referred to as United State penitentiaries. These facilities have the highest staff-to-inmate ration, are often surrounded by walls or reinforced fences and place prisoners in either single or multi-occupant cells. Administrative facilities typically have a special goal in mind; whether it is detaining pretrial offenders, treating inmates with serious illnesses or containing dangerous convicts and escape risks. A lot of prisons also have minimum to low security satellite camps adjacent to the main facility. These facilities help provide labor to their main institution and off-site work programs. The Federal Bureau of Prisons also has a facility is West Virginia designed to house female prisoners called a secure female facility. The goal of this facility is to promote personal growth by addressing the special needs of the population. There are also a lot of privately owned prisons that are not run by the government, but are still structured to run in the same manner. Most private prisons have undergone scrutiny from the public, because…...

Similar Documents


...he purpose of prisons has been changing throughout history. He went from being a mere means for retaining a sentence I expected to be a sentence in itself. In some countries (mostly democratic), a medium that had as objective the protection of society from that which could be dangerous to her while trying to reintegration, but also could be used as a means of political pressure in difficult times. Michel Foucault in his "Surveiller et punish" ( Discipline and Punish ) notes that its use as punitive punishment of crime, is a recent phenomenon that was instituted during the nineteenth century . Earlier, jail, only used to hold prisoners who were waiting to be sentenced (or not) effectively (punishment, execution or rejection). The prisoners were held in the same space, regardless of their offense and had to pay child support. The disruption was such that the same crime suspects could, with ease, change the version of events before processing. The application of justice at the time was in the public domain. It showed the torture to which they were subjected defendants and their executions. Michel Foucault mentions the large venues or the ship of fools, as particular examples of detention prior to the modern era. Contrary to the conviction that establishes a prison sentence on the offense, the prisons of the time served as a means of exclusion for all marginalized people (criminals, crazy, sick, orphaned, homeless, prostitutes, etc..) All were imprisoned, haphazardly, to...

Words: 623 - Pages: 3

Jail Prison Comparison

...Jail and Prisons Comparison Annette C. Carney CJA/234 September 27, 202 Juan Juarez Jail and Prisons Comparison Even though the jails and prisons are overcrowded and some offenders keep repeating the crimes; jail’s place in corrections and throughout history is an important one. There is a long history of state, and federal prisons with a series of similarities and differences between security levels in the jails, state prisons, and federal prisons. The corrections system has improved over the years to try to benefit not only the community, but the offenders as well. Punishment and corrections for crimes has been around for centuries; in Colonial America they used corporal punishment, Public humiliation, and workhouses to teach people lessons for committing crimes (University of Phoenix, 2011). The believed that the harsher the punishment or humiliation the less likely a person is to repeat the crime, and others would be scared to commit crimes. The Quakers did not believe this, they believed that there were more humane ways to punish, rehabilitate, and correct the criminal acts. Even though they mixed violent criminals with those who had minor infractions, and mixed men with women; the conditions were still an improvement compared to years before. This soon rubbed off, and other colonies started to incorporate these beliefs. As our nation formed each state began to maintain its own incarceration system (University of Phoenix, 2011). The penitentiary era began in...

Words: 1639 - Pages: 7

Jail and Prison Paper

... order to start work soon after (Schmalleger, 2011). In order to keep the streets of the public safe, all communities must pull together in an effort to get the criminals off the street. Once of the street the offenders can be placed in programs which he or she can better him or herself and learn of paths in life other than crime. Both prisons and jails across the country contain different types of offenders in an effort to keep the offenders off the street. Once the individual is sentenced to a certain amount of time depending on the crime, that individual will have the time and chance to look back on his or her mistakes and be given a chance to choose a more straight and narrow path that does not involve crime. Certain probation and parole programs can assist offenders in improving him or herself physically and mentally in assistance to avoiding making unlawful decisions and ending up in jail or prison. Prisons and jails contain programs that will assist individuals in areas such as education, drug or alcohol abuse, and mental health care to help him or her during incarceration. It depends on the individual and the crime that he or she commits on whether he or she will be sent to jail or prison and the length of sentence received. References Schmalleger, F. (2011). Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory text for the 21st Century. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall....

Words: 1001 - Pages: 5

Jail and Prison Paper

...Jai Jail and Prisons Comparison Paper Mary Ann Everett CJA/234 Introduction to Corrections 12/­15/­13 Steven Nance This paper use some information found in the CJi Interactive Multimedia and weeks readings. Have a description of jail’s place in corrections its role throughout history; a summary of the history of state and federal prisons. Comparison of the similarities and differences between security levels in jails, state prisons and federal prisons. Explanation of factors influencing growth in jails, state, and federal prisons. In colonial america where humiliation, workhouses, and corporal punishment to was used to punish criminals by 1790 where penitentiary era begins. In 1786, Pennsylvania Quakers said honest labor was a humane way to deal with convicts and to provided labor for public projects wearing thee ball, chain and bright unstylish clothes to prevent escapes. In other colonies had replaced public humiliation with incarceration and early lock­ups were under local control with mixing convicts of both genders from petty thieves to violent offenders. Our nation took shape each county and state maintain its own incarceration system where jails were maintain by the local sheriff’s department housed small infractions like loitering to severe crimes like murder until disposition. State or federal authorities in prisons provided confinement for offenders sentenced to over one year of incarceration. Penitentiary Era in 1790, attribute to separate and silent...

Words: 876 - Pages: 4

Jail and Prison Comparison

...Jail and Prison Comparison Jorge Villalta CJA/204 February 04, 2014 Robert Nicholas Jail and Prison Comparison Human beings, throughout our history have devised ingenious ways to “punish” others for real crime and perceived transgressions. Corrections is the principal function of the management of criminals after sentencing; punishments, secure facilities used to hold offenders, and the discipline. (Seiter, 2011) Similar to modern days in Corrections, jails are still ran by the local sheriff’s department. Each county or state maintain its own incarceration system. Jail is a secure holding facility for criminal offenders of a sentence of a year or less. An offender would get incarcerated for a crime that breaks the federal law and an offender who breaks a state law may get incarcerated in a state prison. Both federal and state prisons have different levels of security for people convicted of different things such as low, medium, and high security. Most security levels are made up to hold different levels of dangerous criminals. Minimum security prisons are less tight with their security because prisoners at this level are considered to pose little risk. There is less supervision over the internal movements of prisoners, as well as communal showers, toilets, sinks, and some internet access. Minimum level security prisons also offer little supervised programs, such as community service roadside. Medium security level prisons...

Words: 729 - Pages: 3

Jail and Prison Comparison Paper

...Jail and Prisons Comparison Paper Jose Salmeron CJ234 July 8, 2014 University of Phoenix Jail and Prisons Comparison Paper Jails and prisons they are all the same. Actually a jail and a prison are different in many ways. A jail is considered the most misunderstood segment of the correctional system. Out of all the correctional components in the in the United States, a jail is the oldest. Jail house individuals who have just been arrested, awaiting sentence, or have been sentenced to only a few months. Throughout the history of corrections, jails have had a major role. Like jails state and federal prisons have had their own history as well. Although jails, stated and federal prisons all hold criminals, there are some similarities and differences between the three. Today the population of the correctional have grown since the first institutions were established. The original reason for a jail was to detain offenders, who were awaiting trial. As history has shown the role of jails have changed throughout time. Jails are the most underrated component of our criminal justice system. The role a jail has within the correctional system, can be considered the most important. Jails are correctional facilities that operated locally. Meaning a jail is ran by a city or the county. A jail serves a variety of functions, and also hold a variety of offenders. Individuals awaiting trial, sentencing, or pending arraignment, are held in a jail. Violators of bail...

Words: 1219 - Pages: 5

Jail and Prison Paper

... Jail and Prison Mary A. Webster CJA/204 November 9, 2014 MARY ELLEN DE FRIAS Jail and Prison There is a deference between jail and prison. The federal government is in charge of the prison system in the United States where local and state governments are in charge of jails. There is many different types of prisons, where there is only one type of jail. The United States has an issue of over crowed prisons and jails. This in turn has led to many different kinds of prison violence which has but both the inmates and the correctional offices in danger. Two of the ways the government use to reduce prison and jail populations are probation and parole. It is important that the government finds other a ways to reduce the populations of the jails and prisons. In the federal government, there is several deferent types of prisons such as federal prison camps, federal correctional institutions, low security facilities, medium security facilities, high security prisons and administrative maximum (ADMAX) facility. (University of Phoenix, 2014) (Schmalleger, F, 2011) Then there is state and local jails that house prisoners with a sentence that is typically a year or less. (Schmalleger, F, 2011) These jails are low security where prisons can be anywhere from low security to maximum security. In Martinsburg WV, there is the Eastern Regional Jail, and then only a few hours away there is a high security U.S. Penitentiary Known as USP Hazelton, which is located in Hazelton WV. ("The...

Words: 1045 - Pages: 5

Jail and Prison Comparison Paper

... and get put back in jail and finish the remaining of the sentencing depend on their crime and charges that was brought onto them. A summary of the history of state and federal prison, Prisons has been around since the 1800s. State Prisons are smaller prisons than the federal prisons and are used to incarcerate habitual offenders, drugs users, sex offenders, and other criminals in the same category. Correction facilities have been there for hundreds of years, prison is used to handle different offenders from low to high maximum crimes. Criminal that are sent to state prison are there on murder charges, rapist, drug addicts and several other crimes that’s related. State prison also have a high number in inmate than federal. State is not safe and have a higher number in violent criminals, such as, gangster, killing, stabling, and death. Federal prison is total difference from State Prison, in Federal they have a higher security and safer environment, federal prison has a low violent criminal committed by prisoners. Federal prisons are most for white collars crimes and political offenders such as bank robberies, drug dealers, and fraud. Federal is also more of a relaxed prison unlike the state prison. In 1930, President Hoover signed a bill that established a federal prison system Seiter (2011). The similarities and differences between security levels in jails, state prisons, and federal prisons. State prison have a 4 security level for correctional purpose and this include...

Words: 837 - Pages: 4

Jail and Prison Paper

...Jail and Prison Paper Tara Frost CJA/204 June 15, 2015 Christopher Cannon Jail and Prison Paper Have you ever wondered about the types of prisons or the major differences between selected jails and selected prisons? Have you ever wondered about the aspects of jail and prison culture and subculture? Why do jails play an important role in the criminal justice system? What is the role of community-based corrections programs associated with jails and prisons? Did you know that violent behavior occurs in jails and prisons? Do you know what the role of probation and parole are? Well, this paper will answer all of those questions for you. By the end of this paper, you will understand a lot better about jail and prisons. Types of Prisons Prisons are grouped into two categories, which are state and federal (Schamelleger, 2011, p. 466). According to Schamelleger (2011), there are six types of prisons (p.468) One type of prison is high-security prison for long-term, high-risk offenders (Schamelleger, 2011, p. 468). There is one or more medium-security institution for offenders who are not high risks. There is even one institution for adult women (Schamelleger, 2011, p. 468). There are one or two institutions for young adults (generally under age 25) (Schamelleger, 2011, p. 468). According to Schamelleger (2011) there is also, one or two, specialized mental hospital-type security prisons for mentally ill prisoners (p.468). The last type of prison, is one or more, open-type...

Words: 1161 - Pages: 5


...The prisoners will serve their sentences at this five-year-old institution or at Valley State Prison, the nation's second-largest women's prison, which recently opened across the street. The compounds occupy the tiny farm town of Chowchilla, where almond and alfalfa groves surround the 50,000-volt electrified fence. To the crop dusters above, the flat gray-and-peach buildings must look like a giant corrections butterfly, shielding up to 8,000 women in the 1,340-acre spread of its cinder-block wings. The predominant types of offenses women tend to commit -- petty theft, check forgery, drug possession -- are nonviolent and low-level, yet women's rates of incarceration have steadily gone up, surpassing men's for the past 14 years. The increases are largely due to changes in sentencing and drug laws, and all the trouble that rides the particular poverty track most of these women are on. Many receive state-prison terms for crimes that previously earned probation. Between 1986 and 1991, the number of women in state prisons for drug offenses increased 433 percent (compared with 283 percent for men). Nationally, at the beginning of this year, there were 69,028 women in state prisons -- more than 9,600 in California alone. What this means is that the days of minivans with matrons escorting serious offenders to reformatory-style prisons are receding as more tractor-trailers pull into view. In the world of corrections, an inmate is an inmate is an inmate. In the nation's...

Words: 630 - Pages: 3

Jail and Prison

...UNIT 1 Answer Key CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER 1 Section 1 Prereading and Vocabulary 2 Reading Comprehension 3 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. oligarchy citizen democracy constitution state two basic levels; certain decisions; only the federal government; each of the states Federalism is a system of government in which power is divided between a central government and several regional, or state, governments. 1. Population; the people who live within the boundaries of the state 2. Territory; land with known and recognized boundaries 3. Sovereignty; the supreme and absolute power within a state’s territory to decide its own foreign and domestic policies 4. Government; the institution through which society makes and enforces public policies 5. Force theory; the state was born of force, when one person or a small group gained control over people in an area and forced them to submit to that person’s or group’s rule. 6. Evolutionary theory; the state evolved from early families that united to form clans. Later, clans united to form tribes. As tribes settled into agricultural groups over time, they formed states. 7. Divine right theory; God created the state and gave a chosen few the right to rule. 8. Social contract theory; people voluntarily agreed to create a state and give to the government just enough power to promote the safety and well-being of all. Government exists to serve the will of the people, and the people are the sole source of...

Words: 19014 - Pages: 77

Jail vs Prison

... majority of jails offer programs like GED education, drug rehabilitation, religious and mental health programs. Also, inmates who have demonstrated ideal behavior are given work release opportunities, a refreshing program that includes but not limited to outside work like picking up litter, aiding with minor construction activities, lawn care, and aiding workers of his/her local landfill. Prison History Imprisonment is not a new concept that was recently adopted, no, the ideology has existed since the beginning of time. Earlier prisons were considered filthy institutions in which housed and mixed men, women, children, misdemeanor and felony offenders, the diseased and healthy, and the mentally ill and sane. These prisons not only housed an array of human livestock, but animal pests as well: bedbugs, roaches, lice, and other vermin; “a melting pot in which the worst elements of the raw material in the criminal world are brought forth blended and turned out in absolute perfection” (Rick Ruddell). Rehabilitative methods in earlier times was achieved through humiliation, torture, and hard labor. Offenders of heinous crimes and repeat offenders where sentence to death. As time moved forward, so did the perspectives of how criminals should be treated and housed. The Walnut Street Jail, erected in 1790, was the first institution to use incarceration as punishment. The focus of the jail was implementing the Pennsylvania System, a penal method based on the idea that that 24/7...

Words: 1239 - Pages: 5


... c y I n s t i t u t e FIGURE 1: YEARLY COST OF INCARCERTAING A DRUG OFFENDER VERSUS YEARLY COST OF TREATMENT IN MARYLAND $20,000 Cost of Incarceration Cost of Treatment $4,000 Source: Lavine, Ashira, Ben Lozowski, Heidi Powell, Maria Sivillo, Katharine Traeger, “Issues in Maryland Sentencing—The Impact of Alternative Sanctions on Prison Populations.” (May, 2001) College Park, MD: Maryland State Commission on Criminal Sentencing Policy. Finding 2: Treatment can be cost effective Other studies that used a cost-benefit analysis—a broader measure of how money spent on treatment alternatives compares to money spent on prisons in terms of crime rates and other societal benefits like employment and tax revenues—have shown that, dollar for dollar, treatment reduces the societal costs of substance abuse more effectively than incarceration does. The Washington State Institute for Public Policy (WSIPP), which does an annual analysis of Washington state and other jurisdictions’ criminal justice programs, frames the question of cost-benefits for the state policy makers as, what is the benefit of each dollar of criminal justice programming spending as measured for taxpayers by program costs, and for crime victims by lower crime rates, and less recidivism.10 Drug treatment in prison—such as in-prison therapeutic community programming, or that same program with community aftercare after the person leaves prison—yields a...

Words: 8236 - Pages: 33

Jail and Prison

... Jail and Prison Kadeeja Philpot 201/CJS 3/18/2016 Dr.Bride Jail and Prison As the populace develops alongside develops crime rates. With the help of community-based programs, jails, and prisons. Criminals are being held accountable for their actions. The criminal justice system is designed for criminals to obtain their punishment as a result of the crime committed. There are different levels of punishment established from jails to prisons. Jails and prisons hold some corresponding attributes yet serve entirely diverse models in the criminal justice system. There are many people who lack knowledge of the difference. Jail vs. Prison There are four sorts of detainment facilities utilized by our courts structure: minimum security penitentiaries, low-security jails, and maximum security prisons. Least security detainment facilities would utilized for those guilty parties with crimes such as nonviolent. Low-security jails would be for misdemeanor violations, and maximum security is for those who commit a brutal crime such as murder. There are a few significant differences in jail and prison. For starter, the lengths of time inmate are confined. Jails are intended to hold prisoners are anticipating trial or serving a short sentence. After being arrested, jail is mainly the first place that criminals are taken to by law enforcement officers. Prisons are designed to hold criminals who are kept for more than a year. Another...

Words: 741 - Pages: 3

Jail and Prison Paper

...Jail and Prison Tyshunique Wade CJS/201 March 17, 2016 Clark Nissen, Ph.D. Where do offenders go after they commit a crime? Depending on the type and extent of the crime, they either go to jail or prison. What would life be without morals, rights and judicial laws? If the world was without order and no one supported the structure of containing crime with correctional and facilities, the world may be in pandemonium; full of gangs, violence killing, rape, suicide and a world if corrupt figures. Jail and prison facilities play a significant role in providing structure and governmental law enforcement. Jail and Prison Jail and prison are the same in many ways. According to (CJ interactive), each is a form of supervised detention, they both meet the minimal daily needs of detainees, and they both segregate inmates to some degree from staff, the community, and one another. As far as behavioral issues, both experience a variety of violent behavior; such as, riots which included mutilation, torture, beatings, and sexual assault. Though they have noticeable similarities, they are very much different and are commonly confused. Jail is a locally-operated, short term facility where as prison is a state or federally operated, long term facility. Jails are mainly used for detaining inmates awaiting trial or sentencing. They can also house inmates who have been sentenced for less than a year. This will vary depending on the state. Prisons are long term facilities used after...

Words: 1021 - Pages: 5