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Louisiana Purchase

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Louisiana Purchase 1803 Bridget Cochran 01/28/2012American InterContinental University |...

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Louisiana Purchase

...Louisiana Purchase I/Background The city of New Orleans controlled the Mississippi River through its location; other locations for ports had been tried and had not succeeded. New Orleans was already important for shipping agricultural goods to and from the parts of the United States west of the Appalachian Mountains. Pinckney's Treaty, signed with Spain on October 27, 1795, gave American merchants "right of deposit" in New Orleans, meaning they could use the port to store goods for export. Americans used this right to transport products such as flour, tobacco, pork, bacon, lard, feathers, cider, butter, and cheese. The treaty also recognized American rights to navigate the entire Mississippi River, which had become vital to the growing trade of their western territories. In 1798 Spain revoked this treaty, which greatly upset Americans. In 1801, Spanish Governor Don Juan Manuel de Salcedo took over for Governor Marquess of Casa Calvo, and the right to deposit goods from the United States was fully restored. Napoleon Bonaparte returned Louisiana to French control from Spain in 1800, under the Treaty of San Ildefonso (Louisiana had been a Spanish colony since 1762.) However, the treaty was kept secret, and Louisiana remained under Spanish control until a transfer of power to France on November 30, 1803, just three weeks before the cession to the United States. James Monroe and Robert R. Livingston traveled to Paris to negotiate the purchase in 1802. Their interest was only in...

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...quick to move out west and expand their lands. People could go and buy much more land because there was plenty of it. Crops that had been grown on the new western farms could be sent on trains to be sold through the Appalachian Mountains. The natural resources that had been in need of for the U.S were profitable land, opportunity of commerce, and a barrier against other countries. The land would be divided into smaller territories and then sold to farmers. Many farmers took advantage of this opportunity to expand their land and their crops. Selling the land made money for the government and the crops helped the country stay profitable. An area that did end up becoming a major part of our country was the Louisiana Purchase. The territories became great farming land. The Louisiana territory opened up to the ocean which made for an easier way to trade and acted as a defense for the U.S. People soon learned they could send products by boat and travel by boat for a cheaper price. The President Thomas Jefferson sent out expeditions to find more exploitable resources. With every successful expedition they found more land with plenty of useful resources and room for a high population. I do not think anyone actually thought about the land belonging to anyone because there was nothing on the land to indicate civilization. Of course the Indians were not civilized; they lived off of the land and its bounty just like the animals. As the settlers...

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