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Macro and Micronutrients


Submitted By hazelleanne
Words 1691
Pages 7
Hazelle Anne M. Garces

BSA 2-23

Nutritional Requirements

Eating is one of life’s pleasures. However, there is more to eating than sensory gratification. Food is needed to provide the nutrients required for the maintenance of normal structure and function of the body.

Digestion can never serve its purpose without the body absorbing the nutrients it needs to maintain life. These nutrients however come in various types and forms and that an ideal amount of each should be taken to achieve the body’s optimum functioning. Yes, we may eat whatever is available at any amount we want without undermining the results those foods shall give to our body, but eventually, our physical body will complain in the form of diseases.

Although nutrients can work alone, each depends upon the others to be the most effective. The main nutrients are the macronutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins and fats; and the micronutrients: vitamins and minerals.

. Macronutrients
Macronutrients as its name implies are the molecules that are needed by the body in big amounts. They occupy the biggest portion of the nutrients absorbed by the body from the food that was eaten.

1. Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates mean carbon with water. Plants use sunlight in the process of photosynthesis to convert water and carbon dioxide into carbohydrates and oxygen. When our body needs energy, it looks for carbohydrates first.

Carbohydrates come in two forms: simple and complex. Both are composed of units of sugar. The difference is the number of sugar units they contain, and how they link together. Simple Carbohydrates are found in foods such as fruits, milk and vegetables. Cake and other refined sugar products are simple sugars which also provide energy but lack in vitamins, mineral and fibers while complex carbohydrates provide vitamins, minerals and fiber. Example of

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