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Managing Communication Knowledge and Information


Submitted By mdmahabub
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Chapter 3
Comparative International Accounting Systems and Practices * United States and United Kingdom as major countries in the context of the Anglo-Saxon culture area; * The Netherlands and Sweden as representatives of the Nordic countries; * Germany and Switzerland as representatives of the Germanic countries; * France and Italy as representatives of the developed Latin countries and; * Japan as a representative of the developed Asian countries. | ANGLO-SAXON ACCOUNTING * There is no doubt that Anglo-Saxon accounting can be distinguished from accounting in continental Europe. Asia. Latin America, and many other parts of the world. UNITED STATES * Influences on Accounting Development:In many ways, accounting in the United States and United Kingdom is very similar as might be expected given the importance of the historical and investment connections between the two countries. Just as the language and legal system were exported from the United Kingdom to the United States. | Cont.The securities markets are the dominant influence on accounting regulation in the United States. Dealings in securities and investor protection are regulated and enforced at the federal government level under the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, which were passed in response to the stock market crash of 1929 and subsequent financial crises. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) was established with the legal authority to enforce the securities laws and also to formulate as well as enforce accounting standards. However, the SEC recognizes as authoritative the "Generally Accepted Accounting Principles" (GAAP) embodied in standards issued by an independent Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB), which was established in 1973 following criticism of the standard setting procedures of the American Institute of Certified Public

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