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Mexican American War

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HIST 1301
Assignment #3
The Mexican American War
The Mexican-American War (April 1846–February 1848) stemmed from the United States’ annexation of Texas in 1845 and from a dispute over whether Texas ended at the Nueces River (Mexican claim) or the Rio Grande (U.S. claim). The war—in which U.S. forces were consistently victorious—resulted in the United States’ acquisition of more than 500,000 square miles (1,300,000 square km) of Mexican territory extending westward from the Rio Grande to the Pacific Ocean
.
Mexico severed relations with the United States in March 1845, shortly after the U.S. annexation of Texas, partly because of Mexican opposition to the annexation and partly because of the conviction in the North that Texas represented an expansion of slavery. Furthermore, the boundary was in dispute. Mexico claimed that the southern boundary of Texas was the Nueces River, the Texan boundary while under Mexican rule. Americans, as well as the incoming President, claimed that the boundary of Texas was the Rio Grande River. The territory between the two rivers was the subject of angry bickering between the two nations and therefore served as the catalyst for an all-out war.

President Polk's true goal was to acquire the rich ports of California. When his offer to purchase the lands were rejected by Mexican President José Joaquín Herrera, who was aware in advance of the American’s intention of dismembering his country, President Polk ordered Troops under General Zachary Taylor to occupy the disputed area between the Nueces and the Rio Grande. The Mexicans retaliated by attacking U.S troops in the disputed zone.
President Polk's declaration of war sent to Congress for ratification stated that Mexico "invaded our territory, and shed American blood upon the American soil." Therefore, the United States was responding to an attack on American soil, which would be...

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