Free Essay

Mobile Phones and Driver Safety

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Enet123
Words 1623
Pages 7
Mobile Phones And Driver Safety Mobile phone use behind the wheel is the major cause of motor vehicle accident in the United States and around the world that results in traffic collisions, property damage, injuries, fatalities and death. A growing number of people are using mobile phone while driving to stay connected with friends, families, co-workers and result in motor vehicle accidents. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimated that 1.2 million crashes each year involve drivers using mobile phones for conversation and at least 100,000 additional crashes can be related to drivers who are texting (NSC 2011). Every year nearly 1.3 million people die and 50 million are injured as a result of motor vehicle accident (NHTSA 2011). These deaths and injuries have a huge impact on families and communities life. Mobile phones first came into the market in the mid-1980s in the United States and have science showed a dramatic growth all over the world (CTIA, 2000a). Over the previous period in the U.S. alone, mobile phone subscribers exceeded 267 million and placing it among the fastest growing industries in the world (CTIA 2008).

Graph

The latest data available from National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimated that the majority of mobile phone owners use the device while driving. According to reported, in USA today in 2007 about 11% of the population used a phone while driving during the day (O' Donnell, 2009).

Graph
Such fastest growth of mobile phone use while driving causes social, economical, political and environmental problems. This issue has increased awareness in many developed and developing countries and has received increasing scientific attention. A different group such as wireless communication industries, as well as traffic safety groups, have begun an educational campaign and urge the safe use of mobile phones while behind the wheel. Many governmental organizations, businesses organizations and policy makers understand the danger of cell phone use while operating motor vehicles and are taking actions to regulate or prohibit to decrease cell phone related accidents. The scope of this research paper is to assess the dangers of mobile phone use while operating motor vehicle and its consequence on traffic safety to increase the effectiveness of mobile phone regulation. The first and most dangers of mobile phone use while driving motor vehicle can cause thousands of death each year. Driver growing use of mobile phone while driving has inspired considerable scientific interest, with the most of the researchers focusing on the negative consequence of cell phone use on the driving skills and road safety. Researchers have witnessed that using mobile phone while operating motor vehicle can force drivers to take off their eyes from the road, hands from the steering wheel and their attention from the surrounding situation. Such activities can decrease driving capacity and results in tragic motor vehicle accident. In 2008, more than half million people were injured and around six thousand people were killed in motor vehicle accidents involving mobile phone use behind the wheel (USDOT). For example, two scientists were killed in Utah in 2006. According to Utah police report, Reggie Shaw a nineteen years old college student crossed the centerline and clipped a Saturn sedan causing the car to spin across the highway and hit at oncoming the pickup truck. Authorities were unable to determine the initial cause of a crash but after investigation Shaw was texting immediately before the accident happened (Thomas E. Sherzan). Second, Engaging activities such as making phone call, texting, watching video, chatting on Facebook, tweeting and regulating the GPS navigator can destruct a driver to react carefully to the traffic condition such as traffic speed, direction, road condition, traffic signals, ability to response to the immediate breaking and keeping lane and result in traffic collisions and property damage. It costs too much money to repair the vehicle and there are also related costs such as health care, ticket fee, let or lost work time and increase insurance payment. The Harvard Center for Risk Analysis estimated in 2003, crashes related to the use mobile phone while driving can damage country's economy. For example, according to the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration more than six million police reported automobile accidents occurred in 2001 were associated with mobile phone use behind the wheel and costs $230 billion annually (NHTSA). In 2003 the annual cost of crashes related to the use of mobile while, driving increases to $43 billion annually. This potential risk to the country's economy is the result of dramatic growth of mobile phone use while driving each year. Third, an increase in motor vehicle accident related to use of mobile phone while also driving increase injuries and cause people to suffer from posttraumatic disorder. Millions of people are injured in motor vehicle accident related to the mobile phone use while driving. Many of these people develop posttraumatic stress symptoms and suffer to socialize with communities. Patients with posttraumatic stress disorder experience loss of memories and anxiety related to the traumatic event. These also have a huge impact on workforce and safe work environment. To reduce mobile phone, related accident, countries, states, counties, cities, companies and lawmakers have all promising numerous laws in an effort to regulate the mobile phone usage in the cars while driving. In response to the tragic motor vehicle accident that associated with driver use of mobile phone behind the wheel, many governmental and non-governmental organizations and lawmakers have felt to take necessary action to save human life and protect property damages. Among the solution, the first solution is legislation and policies. Since 2000, many states in the United States, including District of Columbia and Puerto Rico have enacted specific policies relating to the mobile phone use while driving and shown a high effective measure for reducing motor vehicle accident injuries. For example, Utah amended regulation that anyone caught texting while driving can face a misdemeanor charge punishable by three months of jail time and up to $750 fine (Thomas E. Sherzan). In such way, mobile phone legislation can also shape people's behavior and develop a culture of road safety that results long term reduction of motor vehicle accident. The second solution to the mobile phone use behind the wheel is employer policies. Motor vehicle accidents are the leading cause of occupational obstacles in most countries and leading cause to human and economy losses for many companies and organization. In response to growing number mobile related motor vehicle accidents, many companies and organization enacted the safety policies addressing mobile phone use while driving is the number one road safety risk factor. Many companies banned cell phone use while driving company vehicle to reduce crashes does occur as a result of destructed driving. For example, as a result of an executive order issued by United Sates President Obama in October 2009, all government employees in the United States are banned from the text message while driving on official business or while using a government issued mobile phone (World Health Organization 2011). Public awareness campaigns on cell phone use while driving motor vehicle is another solution to reduce motor vehicle crashes related to use of cell phone behind the wheel. Public awareness campaigns are important tools in both publishing legislation and employer policies and build awareness among the public regarding the dangers of cell phone use behind the wheel. Strong campaigns and creating social norms that shows using cell phone while driving is unacceptable can change societies behavior and judgment towards risks. Technological development also another solution to reduce mobile phone related crashes. In some countries, technological measures are being applied to minimize mobile phone use behind the wheel. For example, some manufacturers have developed smart keys that allow parents to set up maximum speed limits, stereo volume and block mobile reception to control young adult drivers. These solutions have numerous benefits to reduce mobile phone related crashes. As many researchers indicated, legislation and policies, employer policies, Public awareness campaigns and Technological development are shown high effective measures for reducing mobile related crashes that result in traffic collisions and property, injuries and cause and posttraumatic disorder and thousands of death each year. Overall, mobile phone use behind the wheel is a serious and growing threat to the road safety. Making phone call, texting, watching video, chatting on Facebook, tweeting and regulating the GPS navigator are among the activities that can destruct a driver to react carefully to the traffic condition such as traffic speed, direction, road condition, traffic signals, ability to response to the immediate breaking and keeping lane and result in thousands of death, traffic collisions and property damage. It also increases economical, political, social and environmental problems. As a use of mobile phones while driving will continue to increase, many governmental and non-governmental organizations, private companies and lawmakers have felt to take necessary action to save human life and protect property damages. The legislation and policies, employer policies, Public awareness campaigns on cell phone use and Technological developments are among solution taken to reduce cell phone related crashes. All those actions or solution taken by different organization and companies have a huge contribution to reduce human death, injuries and property damage.

Reference:
Larry R. & Moore, Greggory S. (2001) the impact of cell phones on driver safety.Vol.46 issue 6.
McGarava, Andrew R., Ramsey Matthew &Shear, Suzannah A. (2006). Effects of driver Cell phones use on driver aggression. Vol.146 issue 2.
Sherzna, Thomas E. (2010). Drake law review: the dangers of cell phone use while driving. Vol. 59 issue 2.
Svenson ola, Patten Christopher J. D. (2005). Mobile phones and driving. Vol. 7 issue3, p182- 197. 16p.doi: 10.1007/s10111-005-0185-3
Violanti, JM. (1997), Vol. 111 issue 6.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Using Cell Phone While Driving

...February 25, 2013 Using Cell Phones While Driving is a Huge Problem Almost everyone has a cell phone, and that causes a problem for public safety when drivers use their phones up behind the wheel. Using cell phone while driving should be made illegal. Driving is a privilege not a right, therefore to ensure the safety of everyone and allow drivers to reach their destination safely, there has to be reinforced regulations. Cell phone usage should be a concern and drivers should refrain from using them while operating a vehicle because it can cause problems such as distraction, slower reflex, and endangerment. Cell phone is a distraction because that could present a serious and potentially deadly danger. Using the phone while driving can cause a cognitive problem, meaning driving and talking on the phone with someone prevents one from focusing one hundred percent on the road. “Studies show that driver pay attention to phone conversation is distracted because the paying more attention to the conversation and less to driving.” (Declare Ropeik) Take the case of Kelson Vaillancourt who “in May 2009 lost her 21-year-old brother to distracted driving. Kelson Vaillancourt was riding in the car with a co-worker to a job site when the driver failed to yield at a stop sign, drove into traffic and was hit by a tractor trailer. The driver died instantly and Kelson died hours later”. According to Insurance Institute for Highway Safety drivers who use hand held device are four times...

Words: 880 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Hang Up the Phone

...regarding the use of mobile devices while driving are not the same from state to state. No one person is a better-distracted driver than the next and because of this, all states should have standardized policies regarding the use of mobile devices while driving. Every day we can make a change; make better choices, to make a difference in our lives and the lives of others. We can make a simple choice to hang up our cell phone before getting in our car and driving. We can choose not to accidently run over a young child walking across the street on their way to school due to the distraction of a cell phone. It sounds simple enough to do; yet, every second, someone decides to take that child's life. They decide that it is more important to answer their phone or reply to a text while driving over the wellbeing of others. Distracted driving and its repercussions have been a growing concern since the first-day drivers began using mobile devices. The first cellular phones became available for consumer use in the mid-80s. Widespread use was not marked for almost another decade. In the early 90s, less than 4.5 million people used cell phones. Over the last 15 or so years the population of cell phone users has spiked to over 230 million, according to statistics from the Insurance Information Group (cellphonesafety, 2013). With greater accessibility to technology; there also, should come a greater responsibility on properly using that technology. In today’s society, the use of mobile devices has...

Words: 1279 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Civic Engagement Project

...Driving and Mobile Phones 2 In the early 1900's mobile phones were introduced. As time went on mobile phones became apart of people daily lives. Today, most people aren’t able to function without their phones. Whatever you personal preference is your mobile phone can do it. Mobile companies are in a constant battle to offer more services for less and the phone are getting smaller, faster, and better quality. These services are a strong competitor for land line companies. In fact, most people don’t have a land-line phone. More and more drivers are becoming distracted on the road, be it the radio, other motorist, or children. As mobile phones become more common people are questioning how to deal with this distraction and does it pose the same danger as drunk driving? In 1908 the first wireless telephone was released as a “cave radio”. By 1910, Lars Magnus Ericsson installed a mobile phone in his car, this was not a radio telephone. 1926 first class passenger trains in Europe first used radio telephones. In the 1950's the first generation of mobile phones were introduced. Hand held phones have been available since 1973. Mobile phone were very expensive, large, had poor quality, and was used mostly as a status symbol then a tool. During the 1980's mobile phones were advanced to the 1G network featuring international roaming. The second generation mobile phone in the 1990's known as the 2G network, allowed mobile phone to send and receive...

Words: 1602 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

School

...use of cell phones while driving be standardized? Over the last four decades, mobile devices have become the trademark of our society.cell phones and other mobile devices have inundated our society At any given time; we can see drivers talking or texting in a moving vehicle. According to Brenner (2013), 87% of American adults and 78% of teenagers own a cell phone. The scary part is that almost two-thirds of cell phone possessorss’ are distracted by talking or texting and while they drive. This action makes distracted driving one of the leading causes of vehicle crashes (Klauer et al., 2014). Mobile technology is a great convenienceAt any given time, we can see drivers talking or texting. , but when we make a choice to talk or text while driving we put ourselves and others at risk. . Mobile devices have become the trademark of our society. I believe all drivers should be held accountable for their choices, regardless of their expertise or the place, and the governing regulations should be the same across state lines. It is a great convenience to have a cell phone. A person is in constant touch to others when equipped with one. Today’s cell phones are extremely advanced and have wonderful applications, to the point that they could replace an actual computer. When a person is in a dire situation, it is advantageous to have a cell phone so that help can be called immediately. Apple can pinpoint the locations of their phones, even if they are turned off. The cell phone has come a long...

Words: 2662 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Cell Phones and Highway Safety

...Wireless telecommunication technologies are rapidly becoming a significant concern in regard to highway safety. Almost 90 million people subscribe to wireless telephone services, and 85 percent of those subscribers use their phones while driving to conduct business, report emergencies, stay in touch with loved ones, call for assistance, and report aggressive or drunk drivers. It's not just phones on the road anymore. In 1999, two major auto manufacturers -General Motors and Ford- formed agreements with telecommunications companies that will enhance wireless features in even more vehicles. Future cars will provide drivers with concierge services, web-based information, online e-mail capabilities, CD-ROM access, on-screen and audio navigation technology, and a variety of other information and entertainment services. Telecommunications companies say that new technology in cars not only will improve commerce but highway safety as well. Already, an estimated 98,000 emergency calls are placed by cell phone users each day, and billions of dollars of business may be transacted by drivers each year. Studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine and by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) have concluded that cellular phones often reduce emergency response times and actually save lives. New technology also may make it easier for people to drive more safely on the road. State policymakers, however, must weigh the promises of wireless technology...

Words: 1430 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

The End of Ww1

...from a mobile phone, or driving while texting, is limited but growing. A simulation study at the Monash University Accident Research Center provided strong evidence that retrieving and, in particular, sending text messages has a detrimental effect on a number of safety-critical driving measures.[6] Specifically, negative effects were seen in detecting and responding correctly to road signs, detecting hazards, time spent with eyes off the road, and (only for sending text messages) lateral position. Mean speed, speed variability, lateral position when receiving text messages, and following distance showed no difference.[7] A separate, yet unreleased simulation study at the University of Utah found a sixfold increase in distraction-related accidents when texting.[8] The low number of scientific studies may be indicative of a general assumption that if talking on a mobile phone increases risk, then texting also increases risk, and probably more so. 89% of U.S. adults think that text messaging while driving is "distracting, dangerous and should be outlawed."[9] The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety has released polling data that show that 87% of people consider texting and e-mailing while driving a "very serious" safety threat, almost equivalent to the 90% of those polled who consider drunk driving a threat. Despite the acknowledgement of the dangers of texting behind the wheel, about half of drivers 99-500 say they have texted while driving, compared with 22 percent of drivers 35 to...

Words: 4267 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Banning the Use of Cellular Phones Should Be Mandatory

...Banning the use of Cellular Phones While Driving should be Mandatory Rene Caddell Ashworth College Author Note This preparatory speech is being submitted on September 18, 2013 for Rene Caddell’s SP180 Principles of Public Speaking course – Candace Murray, instructor. Imagine traveling on a roadway behind a vehicle swerving back and forth over the lines or driving at very inconsistent speeds. You wonder what could possibly be causing the driver to drive so erratically. Is the driver drunk? Is the driver preoccupied with eating his or her lunch? Is the driver busy attending to children in the backseat? As you pull alongside the driver, you realize this is not the case. Instead, you notice that the driver has a cellular telephone up to his or her ear and is busy chatting away, or even worse, you notice that the driver is busy looking down typing a text message on his or her cell phone. As you pass the driver, who is more focused on his or her cell phone conversation than on driving, you are disgusted. However, if you are like eighty-five percent of Americans, you answer your cell phone or make a phone call just moments later, thereby engaging in the same dangerous practice that just annoyed you. Talking on the cell phone as well as texting while you are driving is quickly becoming on of the leading causes of car accidents. Cell phone use while driving should be banned and we must take action now to get this enforced. We all think...

Words: 1298 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Why the Use of Cell Phone Should Be Banned While Drving

...I Believe and Persuaded the Use of Cell Phones Should Be Mandatorily Banned Nationwide To Prevent Unnecessary Distractive Driving Banning the use of cell phones should be made mandatory nationwide while driving because it is a one of the nations’ top killers in America. Driving while being distracted kills thousands of people every year. Yet many drivers think they are good at managing both tasks so they continue to text behind the wheel. A car travels approximately 100 yards in less than the 5 seconds it takes to read a text. Texting distracts people from driving properly by diverting their attention to their cell phone, instead of focusing on the road. Furthermore, studies show that texting is as dangerous as driving while intoxicated. Subjects are found to be mentally impaired while driving and chatting on a mobile device as when they are under the influence. These are the top reasons why I believe and am convinced that driving while on a cell phone should be banned in America. Cell Phone Usage as Top Killer in America National statistics show that cell phone usage while driving has become one of the nation’s top killers on our roadways today. According to the Texting and Driving Safety Statistics an average of 1,600,000 accidents are reported each year due to texting while driving. Nearly 25 percent of all accidents nationwide, 11 percent of which are teenagers ages 15-19, occur on a daily basis. (Texting and Driving Safety, 2010) Approximately 3,331 people died...

Words: 1305 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Texting and Driving Persuasive Paper

...dangerous and even fatal form of communication. A proper description of texting while driving is the use of mobile phones to compose, send or read a message, to read an email while operating a vehicle (Sole, 2010). It’s very possible for a driver to take eyes off the road for a few seconds to read a message and suddenly a horrific accident occurs. Discussion Let me start by giving you a few statistics about this major problem on our roads today. Over 70 percent of young drivers maintain that it’s easy to drive and text but it’s not. You find that over 20 percent of the fatal accident have been caused by teen drivers who text while driving. Drivers in their early 20s make up to 27percent of all distracted drivers fatalities. As of December 2012 17.3 billion text messages were sent in the United States alone every month. The current estimate is that at any given time, approximately 660,000 drivers are using their cellphones or other electronic devices while still driving, which has been almost constant since 2010. These statistics are expected to grow by as much as 4 percent every year if we don’t get serious (Berenbaum, 2015). These numbers alone shows you how grave this plague has become, and something needs to be done and fast. I have chosen this topic because many people are doing it constantly without regard for safety on the roads. Let’s be serious many of you have cell phones, many of you drive, and many of you use them while driving. How can you text and drive simultaneously...

Words: 1854 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Why Cellphones Should Be Banned While Driving

...Cell phones are troublesome while driving. When a driver keeps talking or listening to music he or is not supposed to focus off the road. A cell phone makes a great difference. It is not forbidden to talk to a passenger but it is not recommended to talk to an invisible cell phone communicator. The use of cell phones is the most common distraction, but the use of a hand-held cell phone increases the risk by 1.3 times, which is less than reaching for items on the seat or in the glove compartment. New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, California, Washington State, Utah, and Washington, D.C. prohibit drivers from using hand-held cell phones, irrespective of weather conditions: at all times, not only on wet and icy roads when a driver decides on dialing or text messaging. According to recent research, a driver talking over a cell phone is four times more endangered to collide with another vehicle than a driver who does not use a cell phone while driving. Cell phone distraction causes 2600 deaths in the United States annually. Drivers may be allowed to use cell phones in traffic jams but they must be fined if they use a cell phone while driving at moderate or high speeds, at crossroads, and on twisting and turning roads. Can you do without using your cell phone while driving? The use of cell phones may result in a driver's slower reaction while breaking or regaining speed. It may cause accidents but it may be a coincidence with some other action. So, the use of cell phone is not desirable...

Words: 466 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Texting and Driving Persuasive Paper

...dangerous and even fatal form of communication. A proper description of texting while driving is the use of mobile phones to compose, send or read a message, to read an email while operating a vehicle (Sole, 2010). It’s very possible for a driver to take eyes off the road for a few seconds to read a message and suddenly a horrific accident occurs. Discussion Let me start by giving you a few statistics about this major problem on our roads today. Over 70 percent of young drivers maintain that it’s easy to drive and text but it’s not. You find that over 20 percent of the fatal accident have been caused by teen drivers who text while driving. Drivers in their early 20s make up to 27percent of all distracted drivers fatalities. As of December 2012 17.3 billion text messages were sent in the United States alone every month. The current estimate is that at any given time, approximately 660,000 drivers are using their cellphones or other electronic devices while still driving, which has been almost constant since 2010. These statistics are expected to grow by as much as 4 percent every year if we don’t get serious (Berenbaum, 2015). These numbers alone shows you how grave this plague has become, and something needs to be done and fast. I have chosen this topic because many people are doing it constantly without regard for safety on the roads. Let’s be serious many of you have cell phones, many of you drive, and many of you use them while driving. How can you text and drive simultaneously...

Words: 1849 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Perl

...THE PERILS OF TEXTING Cell phones have become a staple of modern society. Nearly everyone has them, and people carry and use them at all hours of the day. For the most part, this is a good thing: the benefits of staying connected at any time and at any location are considerable. But if you’re like most Americans, you may regularly talk on the phone or even text while at the wheel of a car. This dangerous behavior has resulted in increasing numbers of accidents and fatalities caused by cell phone usage. The trend shows no sign of slowing down. In 2003, a federal study of 10,000 drivers by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) set out to determine the effects of using cell phones behind the wheel. The results were conclusive: talking on the phone is equivalent to a 10- point reduction in IQ and a .08 blood alcohol level, which law enforcement considers intoxicated. Handsfree sets were ineffective in eliminating risk, the study found, because the conversation itself is what distracts drivers, not holding the phone. Cell phone use caused 955 fatalities and 240,000 accidents in 2002. Related studies indicated that drivers that talked on the phone while driving increased their crash risk fourfold, and drivers that texted while driving increased their crash risk by a whopping 23 times. Since that study, mobile device usage has grown by an order of magnitude, worsening this already dangerous situation. The number of wireless subscribers in America has increased by...

Words: 1135 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Comparison

... Using cell phones while driving is dangerous Cell phones are troublesome while driving. When a driver keeps talking or listening to music he or is not supposed to focus off the road. A cell phone makes a great difference. It is not forbidden to talk to a passenger but it is not recommended to talk to an invisible cell phone communicator. The use of cell phones is the most common distraction, but the use of a hand-held cell phone increases the risk by 1.3 times, which is less than reaching for items on the seat or in the glove compartment. New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, California, Washington State, Utah, and Washington, D.C. prohibit drivers from using hand-held cell phones, irrespective of weather conditions: at all times, not only on wet and icy roads when a driver decides on dialing or text messaging. According to recent research, a driver talking over a cell phone is four times more endangered to collide with another vehicle than a driver who does not use a cell phone while driving. Cell phone distraction causes 2600 deaths in the United States annually. Drivers may be allowed to use cell phones in traffic jams but they must be fined if they use a cell phone while driving at moderate or high speeds, at crossroads, and on twisting and turning roads. Can you do without using your cell phone while driving? The use of cell phones may result in a driver's slower reaction while breaking or...

Words: 525 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Drunk Driving Detection System Essay

...A SEMINAR REPORT ON Mobile Phone Based Drunk Driving Detection System SUBMITTED BY Adesh Raut Roll No : 3152102 UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF Prof. Shiv H. Sutar Department Of Computer Engineering MAEER’s MAEER’s MIT College of Engineering Kothrud, Pune 411 038 2017-2018 Department of Computer Engineering MIT College of Engineering PUNE C E R T I F I C A T E This is to certify that Raut Adesh Bapurao from Third Year Computer Engineering has successfully completed his seminar work titled ’Mobile Phone Based Drunk Driving Detection System’ at MIT College of Engineering, Pune in the partial fulfillment of the Bachelors Degree in Engineering. Prof. Shiv H. Sutar Prof. Bharti Dixit Prof. Anil Hiwale (Seminar Guide) (Head of Department) (Principal) Place:...

Words: 1575 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Are Cell Phones Dangerous

...the country is asking. Mobile phones are considered by many as an essential part of modern day life, from the businessperson who uses the mobile phone as a vital link with the office, to the teenager who has the phone for recreational use. By using mobile phones are we damaging our long-term health just to stay in contact or worse simply just for a good image? Mobile or cellular phones have changed dramatically over the past two or three years. The new generation of WAP phones now allow the user to connect to the Internet, send e-mail and even listen to the radio. The e-mail feature, a tremendous advancement in technology, allows businesspeople to contact their office at anytime day or night. Not only can e-mail be used throughout Britain but also messages can be sent globally. Sending e-mail is not nearly as expensive as the conventional methods of contact, therefore has the potential to reduce costs considerably for the company. The e-mail can be sent anytime, not just within office hours, and time differences between countries are no longer a consideration. Many mobile phone users claim one of the main advantages of ownership is the ability to contact friends or family in the event of an emergency. Most women who travel alone feel more secure knowing that in an emergency or breakdown they can summon help without leaving the safety of their car therefore, the mobile reduces the chances of being run over or worse raped. By having your mobile phones with you could it be...

Words: 1339 - Pages: 6