Free Essay

Neighborhood Public Policy

In: Social Issues

Submitted By galeandre64
Words 841
Pages 4
“Neighborhood News” Article Paper

Goerge Dumas

January 8, 2012

ED sees critical capacities
By G. Johnson
This article written by G. Johnson, discussed the overcrowding of the NB emergency department due to increase capacities of NB hospital which force local residents, particularly those from low income household, the homeless or the un- insured to invade the already overcrowded ED for sickness or injuries that could have been prevented or treated at home.
Although use of the ED for non-urgent and preventable conditions appears to be common and growing, identification of these conditions remains imprecise. One study attributed all of the increase in total ED visits between 1997–1998 and 1999–2000 to visits classified as semi-urgent (care required within 1–2 hours), non-urgent, or no/unknown triage (Cunningham , 2006). Another study, however, found that 6 percent of patients triaged as non-urgent were later admitted as inpatients (Young, Wagner,Kellerman, et al, 2006).
Doctor Gordon director of the NB hospital ED physician suggested that, “People need to be educated on particular symptoms, because most of time sickness or injuries could be treated at home. Increasing hospital capacities force people to come to the ED for basic health care and a waiting period that can exceed up to six hours”.

According to the ACEP (American College of Emergency Physicians), emergency department visits in 2009 rose to 136 million, up from 96.5 million in 1995. At the same time, the number of emergency departments decreased by 9 percent resulting in dramatic increases in patient volumes and waiting times at the remaining facilities. . In this situation, it fair to say that overcrowded emergency departments pose a threat to the access to emergency care for the public in general, insured and uninsured. A successful solution to this problem will require a national commitment and acknowledgment that emergency medicine is a vital community service that has to be funded. Most importantly, this catastrophe could only be solved by a combined effort by community leaders, hospitals, policy makers and health plan payers. The ACEP further stipulated that, “Adequate monitoring and data collection is needed to further define the problem and target effective solutions”.

Smoking breaks a thing of the past?
By: A. Lowell
This article written by A. Lowell targets the smoking bans instituted by some of the largest US companies in the effort to encourage their workers to stop smoking particularly in the workplace.
This issue has very controversial, especially among the National Work Right Association who states that: “this ban is an infringement of worker Right and that such a policy is illegal citing that employers cannot force its employees to quit smoking altogether whereas employers do not have control of their workers outside the workplace”.
However, supporters of the proposal feel that the bas is an attempt to protect the non-smokers, the workplace environment and more importantly the increasing cost of insurance for those who smoke.
According to the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), nonsmokers exposed to SHS (Second Hand Smoke) only at work have been found to have significantly higher levels of a nicotine metabolite in their blood than nonsmokers who aren’t exposed to SHS at work.
The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) stated that SHS ( Second Hand Smoke) poses an increased risk of lung cancer and heart disease to people exposed at work, and has recommended that exposure be reduced to the lowest feasible level and that employers should use all available preventive measures to minimize occupational exposure.
Furthermore, a 2006 study in The Lancet found that exposure to SHS was significantly associated with nighttime chest tightness and breathlessness after physical activity, and that workplace exposure to SHS was significantly associated with all types of respiratory symptoms and current asthma. And employees exposed to SHS on the job are 34% more likely to develop lung cancer (CDC, 2006)
Eliminating SHS from the workplace and decreasing smoking by employees can reduce health care costs and increase years of productive life. These two factors alone will positively affect companies’ bottom line and help employees’ live full and productive lives! (CDC and Prevention, 2006).

REFERENCE

Young GP, Wagner MB, Kellermann AL, Ellis J, Bouley D. “Ambulatory Visits to Hospital Emergency Departments. Patterns and Reasons for Use. 24 Hours in the ED Study Group.” JAMA. 276(6): 460–465, 2006. American College of Emergency Physicians. Retrieved from: emergencycareforyou.org

Cunningham P. “What Accounts for Differences in the Use of Hospital Emergency Departments Across U.S. Communities?” Health Affairs. Web Exclusive, July 18, 2006;
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Office on Smoking and Health, USDHHS, Wellness Council of America, American Cancer Society. Making your workplace smokefree: A decision maker’s guide 2006

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: Cancer and Chronic Lung Disease in the Workplace. A Report of the Surgeon General. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Office on Smoking and Health. DHHS Pub. No. (PHS) 85-50207, 1985.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Public Policy

...Public Policy Everybody probably always wonder how rules, procedures, and practices are brought into the daily life of everyone in the United States. It all starts with public policy. Public policy is what governments decide. Policies aren’t the same as laws, but it is more a matter of how the laws are implemented. The public policy is formed in not that many steps or groups. “Policy is formulated with active involvement on the part of interest groups whose members do not seek election.” Also, the groups bring leaders and experts to define and discuss a problem and to reach a consensus on policies that address problems. You got those groups that will lobby on one particular issue and while others will research and train on the issues as that one group concentrates on one issue. There is a process that identifies the problem of the public policy. The four typical and main steps in public policy process is identifying a problem, formulating a policy, implementing the policy change, and evaluating the result. Each step is followed in order to make sure the process is done correctly. The first step is to outline the problem. After identifying and studying the problem, a new public policy may be formulated or developed. The next step would be once the new policy is an effect, then organizations and agencies will be responsible to carry out the policy. The final step is to evaluate, in which it is always ongoing. The person that is responsible for determining solutions for public...

Words: 350 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

American Gonverment - Public Policy

...03.02 Public Policy: Assessment Policy Analysis of: Education (Higher Education for All Students) “If we want America to lead in the 21st century, nothing is more important than giving everyone the best education possible — from the day they start preschool to the day they start their career”, said President Barack Obama. To prepare people for jobs of the future and help restore middle-class security we have to out-educate the world and that starts with a strong and healthy school system. There is no code or bill that has taken place yet to implement higher education, but President Barack Obama and his team have created several initiatives to help all students receive an education beyond high school. Helping middle class families afford college, trying to keep the cost down, strengthening Community Colleges, and Improving Transparency and Accountability are all the ways President Barack Obama, and his team plan to use to accomplish his goal in higher education. After interviewing a principal of a local elementary school she stated that, “higher education after high school should be a #1 priority in high school students.” She also felt that the students should be encouraged by their teachers, counselors, and school representatives to achieve their maximum education. More programs are needed to build a connection for students in high school and with local colleges/vocational schools that will encourage them to seek higher education. President Obama and his...

Words: 648 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Neighborhood Public Policy- Nursing 408

...Neighborhood Public Policy This paper is regarding a scenario involving Marcus Young in an automobile accident and Angie Young, Marcus’ mother and her attempt to change public safety for children in her residential area. The paper will also discuss the Legislative process, the different approaches of the Neighborhood Council and Angie Young’s ability to refute the opponent’s claims and propositions. Public safety and public health cannot be separated. Anywhere there are safety issues, it affects the people around the unsafe zone. Neighborhood scenarios represent both public safety and public health. Marcus Young was playing around the neighborhood and got into a car accident where he was struck and suffered a pelvic fracture, a right leg fracture, and multiple lacerations to the body. He is now in stable condition at an intensive care unit. Marcus’ mother, Angie Young wants to prevent these incidents from happening in the future to other families in the community. She wants to put speed bumps in her residential area. She is planning to take this matter to the state and local Neighborhood Council. This scenario exemplified the legislative process and how it influences public health in the Neighborhood community. Angie Young discovered a problem for public safety and is planning to take this matter to state and local Neighborhood Council. She wrote a letter to a congresswoman and made phone calls to city officials. While waiting for the meeting, she organized a......

Words: 759 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Public Policy

...Public Policy Issues May 01, 2013 Public Policy Issues Immigration is the introduction of new people into a habitat or population. The land of the free, America is the place immigrants migrate to in search of a new life. For well over two centuries, people have flocked under this nation's protective wings as opportunists, sojourners, missionaries, refugees, and even illegal aliens. Over time, millions around the world have found emigrating to the U.S. as the only alternative to starvation, death, or a life full of hardship and suffering. With thousands from nations spanning the globe, America has become a mosaic of people, culture, and hope. Immigration is a public policy that currently affects millions. There are two groups that are both fighting for and against immigration. There is a special interest group called Tea Party is currently fighting against immigration and was as the United Farm Workers is a labor coalition that fights for immigrations. The singular purpose mindset is the main advantage that special interest groups have over political parties. The reason being is that special interests groups can focus their energy, time and money on one specific issue, compared to political parties who cover a variety of issues, and do not weigh in too heavily on one issue in itself. If political parties get caught up focusing on one issue they can lose the parties overall directive when arguing too much for or against that one single issue (Texas Politics, 2009). A......

Words: 1549 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Public Policy

...Mike Morgan PSC 403: Public Policy Final Exam April 13, 2011 Causes of the Great Recession The Great Recession was something terrible and ugly in the making. This creature had been brewing since the late 70’s and was as fierce as ever by 2007. The Great Recession of 2008-09 has not one cause but several that were clearly underestimated by those in charge as well as average citizens of this country. The left will argue that there was a complete lack of regulation put in place to observe what was happening with mortgage lending. Robert J. Samuelson believes that “there was enough oversight that alert regulators should have spotted problems and intervened to stop dubious lending” (Samuelson, 19). They also say that there were numerous incentives for regulators and investors to ignore the risks that were being taking, which entails a tremendous amount of greed on their part of the matter. The left also states that there was a ‘mindless devotion to free markets’. Now their opponents on the right side of the fence will argue that interest rates had been too low for too long, and that the housing bubble had to pop eventually. They also insisted that the government’s housing policy was to get as many citizens to purchase a house as possible. They used tax incentives, rebates, and low interest rates to get homebuyers to act. I felt it was important to mention what the left and the right believed caused the Great Recession of 2008-09. Once we look at this disaster......

Words: 2186 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Public Policy

...  MODELS FOR POLICY ANALYSIS INSTITUTIONALISM: POLICY AS INSTITUTIONAL OUTPUT Government institutions have long been a central focus of political science. Public policy is authoritatively determined, implemented, and enforced by these institutions. Therelationship between public policy and government institutions is very close. Strictly speaking, a policy does not become a public policy until it is adopted, implemented, and enforced by some government institution. Government institutions give public policy three distinctive characteristics. •First, government lends legitimacy to policies. Government policies are generally regarded as legal obligations that command the loyalty of citizens. •Second government policies involve universality. Only government policies extend to all people in a society; the policies of other groups or organizations reach only a part of the society. •Finally, government monopolizes coercion in society, only government can legitimately imprison violators of its policies. The impact of institutional arrangements on public policy is an empirical question that deserves investigation. Federalism recognizes that both the national government and the state governments derive independent legal authority from their own citizens. PROCESS: POLICY AS POLITICAL ACTIVITY Today political processes and behaviors are a central focus of political science. Political scientists with an interest in policy have grouped various activities according to......

Words: 1479 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Public Policy

...contained in a known as public policy. In this vain, this essay is an attempt to define the term policy using examples from education. Furthermore, it will explain why it is necessary that each sphere of public life be enshrined in a public policy. The term Policy is not a precise term. Unfortunately, the term policy is something which takes different forms. There is push to designate policy as the ‘outputs’ of the political system, and in a lesser degree to define public policy as more or less like interdependent policies dealing with many different activities. Studies of public policy areas, on the centrally, have tended to focus on the evaluation of policy decisions in terms of specified values, that is, a rational rather than a political analysis. The magnitude of this problem can be recognized from the other definitions, which have been advanced by scholars in this field. To start with, Policy refers to those plans, positions and guidelines of government which influence decisions by government (e.g., policies in support of sustainable economic development or policies to enhance access to government services by persons with disabilities). In other words, policy is an action to achieve a goal (Bell & Stevenson, 2006). A policy establishes guidelines or direction for the City's actions with regard to one or more concerns, problems or opportunities. A policy can also be a general plan or approach to a specific need, problem or issue. This means that a policy is a......

Words: 1466 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Public Policy

...Topic: Is the individual mandate provision of the Affordable Care Act, known as “Obamacare” an appropriate policy to promote personal and social responsibility? Obamacare is for those small organizations that pay for their insurance. Obamacare, which is also well known as the Affordable Care Act (ACA), is a law passed which guarantees that all Americans can have health insurance which is affordable. This is executed by providing Americans tax credit, or discounts, on health insurance plans provided by the government. Someone can only gain tax credit to help offset your health insurance costs only if your household income between one to four times the Federal Poverty Level, which is used to determine the lowest cost for basic necessities. It is also executed by enlarging Medicaid programs to include Americans who cannot pay for their health insurance. Of course with a new law come new rules. The Affordable Care Act now has rules which companies are required to follow. One of the rules now allows for someone who has had any history of a preexisting medical condition, such as cancer, to not be rejected for any reason, and to have costs low. Whereas before if someone with a history of a preexisting medical condition went to buy health insurance they would be turned down. One of the most important segments of Obamacare is the individual mandate. It is a part of the shared responsibly provision and it also includes a responsibility fee. One of the things the individual......

Words: 2741 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Public Policy Problems in the Environment

...Public Policy Problems In The Environment Public policy is characterized by Webster's as "The fundamental strategy or set of arrangements structuring the establishment of open laws, particularly such arrangement not yet formally articulated." The United States Government has numerous approaches in the region of the nature. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was made in 1970 to help distinguish natural issues in our country, and to set approach on the best way to manage those issues. Yet, with so much cash used by the legislature to manage issues with the nature, it must be noted that issues still exist, even inside the organization that was intended to help in any case. Amid the presidential fight of the last decision, an issue emerged concerning the "vitality emergency" that was driving fuel and oil costs up all through our nation. VP Al Gore upheld President Clinton's belief system of sitting tight for the best possible administrative activities to pass through Congress, and when the circumstances justified, give some restricted arrivals of oil from the national oil hold. Applicant George W. Bramble, on the other had, favored boring in the administration ensured grounds of Alaska to discover future oil saves with the goal that America would never again be so subject to remote oil. The issue with Bush's arrangement, as per Gore, was that this could be obliterating to the earth of the barely populated Alaskan wild. Despite the political, legitimate or moral......

Words: 872 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Public Policy

......................................................... 126 5.1.3 利用导入改变行为 .............................................................................................................................................. 128 5.1.4 包的停用................................................................................................................................................................ 130 5.2 Java 访问指示符 ........................................................................................................................................................ 130 5.2.1 “友好的” ............................................................................................................................................................ 130 5.2.2 public:接口访问 ................................................................................................................................................ 131 5.2.3 private:不能接触!........................................................................................................................................... 132 5.2.4 protected:“友好的一种” .............................................................................................................................. 133 5.3 接口与实现.................................................................................................................................................................. 134 5.4 类访问 .............................................................................................

Words: 180792 - Pages: 724

Premium Essay

Neighborhood Public Policy Assignment

...Neighborhood Public Policy Assignment NUR/408 April 4, 2011 University of Phoenix The scenario involved Marcus Young who was hit by a speeding car in the neighborhood driven by a teenage boy named Charles. In the scenario Marcus was not paying attention to where he was going because a dog was chasing him. He then rode out between two parked cars and was stuck by the car. The incident represented a public safety issue according to Michigan Safe Kids Coalition; bicycles are associated with more childhood injuries than any other consumer product except the automobile. Angie Young was very upset and outraged when the teenager that hit Marcus was let off with just the loss of his driving licenses until age 20. She felt something more needed to be done to insure the safety of her children in the neighborhood. As a citizen she participated in the legislative process by writing a letter to her congress women complaining about the speed limit. Ms Young questioned the law maker on what could be done to reduce speeding cars in her neighborhood. Ms Young’s congress women suggested a campaign petition to install speed bumps on her street. This scenario demonstrates how the legislative process influences public health when a citizen complains to a law maker about an issue that is important to them. Ms Young collected 500 signatures for his petition which demonstrates that speeding in residential neighborhoods is a public safety concern for the Neighborhood citizens.......

Words: 621 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Race, Urban Poverty, and Public Policy

...relations during the last 30 years have necessitated new and innovative analyses and policy responses. A common thread which weaves throughout many of the studies reviewed here is the dynamics of migration. In When Work Disappears, immigrants provide comparative data with which to highlight the problems of ghetto poverty affecting blacks. In No Shame in My Game, Puerto Rican and Dominican immigrants are part of the changing demographics in Harlem. In Canarsie, the possible migration of blacks into a working/middle-class neighborhood prompts conservative backlash from a traditionally liberal community. In Streetwise, the migration of yuppies as a result of gentrification, and the movement of nearby-ghetto blacks into these urban renewal sites also invoke fear of crime and neighborhood devaluation among the gentrifying community. Not only is migration a common thread, but the persistence of poverty, despite the current economic boom, is the cornerstone of all these works. Poverty, complicated by the dynamics of race in America, call for universalistic policy strategies, some of which are articulated in Poor Support and The War Against the Poor. In When Work Disappears, William Julius Wilson builds upon many of the insights he introduced in The Truly Disadvantaged, such as the rampant joblessness, social isolation, and lack of marriageable males that characterized many urban ghetto neighborhoods. In the class discussion, Professor Wilson argues that it is necessary to......

Words: 2489 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Torture and Public Policy

...Summary ‘Torture and public policy’ said about story of brutal torture which arouse in Abu Ghraib. Brutal torture was outcome of chain of actions. Although upper officer did not intend make it occur. This is chronological order which bring about brutal torture. 1. President Bush and Secretary Rumsfeld decided, against the advice of some professional military officers, to limi the number of troops sen to Iraq. 2. President Bush decided that the Geneva Conventions did not apply to al Qaeda. 3. Assistant Attorney General Bybee defined torture narrowly and argued that the commander-in-chief power negated the law against torture. 4. Secretary Rumsfeld expanded the range of permissible interrogation tactics. 5. Rumsfeld decided that military intelligence would control Guantanamo. 6. Stephen Cambone sent General Miller to change interrogation policy at Abu Ghraib. 7. General Karpinski did not ensure that her MP troops were well trained or supplied. 8. General Sanchez expanded the range of interrogation techniques allowed at Abu Ghraib. 9. Colonel Pappas ran Abu Ghraib with an emphasis on extracting actionable intelligence. 10. Members of the 205 Military intelligence directed MPs to “set the conditions” for interrogations. 11. Members of the 372nd Military Police Company committed the abusive acts that were photographed. | Review...

Words: 907 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Public Policy

...Public Policy The case study concerning Ocean Policy Change has been an important issue for many years. There have been policy changes over the years on ocean dumping. Starting in the early 1970’s there was much controversy on environmental protection and public policy. The concerns were that there needed to be policies on ocean dumping and what measurements the government was going to take to control this practice. President Nixon stated that public policy should be “to ban unregulated ocean dumping of all material and to place strict limits on ocean disposal of any materials harmful to the environment” (Stewart et al, 2008). Hence, the Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 (MPRSA) was passed. This policy had the strictest principles regarding ocean dumping. There was a permit system put into place which was monitored by the EPA and Army Corp of Engineers. In 1973 it was determined by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to terminate all dumping even it was by permit. In the early 1980’s the city of New York applied for a permit to continue dumping the sludge from the sewer plants. The city brought a federal law suit asking for continued dumping of sewer sludge. The court in turn ruled that the EPA loosen their constraints on the dumping of sewer sludge. Due to the change of Presidents in 1981, there was even more leniency about the EPA guidelines or permits. There was more flexibility in the issuance of permits. Because of the knowledge and......

Words: 621 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Neighborhood Public Policy Assignment

...Neighborhood Public Policy Assignment NUR/408 4/2/2012 University of Phoenix I believe that the scenario involved is a public safety issue. In this scenario Marcus Young was hit by a car that was speeding and driven by a teenage boy named by Charles. Marcus rode his bike out form between two cars and was hit by a car. With bicycles being associated with many childhood injuries it fits with being a public safety issue. After this incident the teenager that hit Marcus was let off with what Angie Young felt was a light punishment. It included a loss of his licenses until age 20. Angie felt something more needed to be done to increase the safety of the children in the neighborhood so she wrote a letter to her congress women complaining about the speed limit around her neighborhood. She asked what could be done to lower the speeding cars that come through the neighborhood and it was suggested that she campaign petition to have speed bumps installed on her street. This is a demonstration of how the legislative process can influence public health when a citizen complaints or voices their concern to law makers about an issue that means something to them. Mrs. Young rounded up 500 signatures for the petition which shows that the speeding in this neighborhood is a public safety concern to the Neighborhood citizens. Bicycle and pedestrian safety comes under public safety and many communities have laws that require children to wear personal safety......

Words: 540 - Pages: 3