Premium Essay

Organizations as a System.


Submitted By w264646
Words 450
Pages 2
Organizations as a system.

A system is a whole made up of parts. Each part can affect the way other parts work and the way all parts work together will determine how well the system works. when can look at business organization as a system because it conforms to the system definition; it recognizes the interrelationships of people, processes, decisions and designs organizational structure in order to realize its projected economic goal. An organization with a good designed system will requires an understanding of how all the parts (for instance, HR department, production department, logistic department, finance department, sales department, marketing department, IT department …etc) fit together as a whole, an intimate understanding of the parts themselves for a better understanding of endogenous event and a full awareness of the organization’s environment including the other external systems to which it is connected to better prepare for exogenous changes.

Some hypothetical problems that disrupt the balance of the an organization would be a coordination or communication issue between departments, for instance HR department not selecting adequate candidate for a specific job skill because it did not have all relevant information about the job, or for instance marketing department lunches a new product without integrating logistic department in the project which may cause delays of production and order fulfillment issues. Another issue that may disrupt the balance of the system is exogenous event, for instance shortages of a raw material due to whether changes which will affect negatively the production and order fulfillment therefore customer dissatisfaction. We can say that these issues emerge when departments of an organization are managed to achieve their goals at the expense of the whole.

The system thinking perspective emphasizes that everything is

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Organization as a System

...About Organizations as Systems A system is a collection of parts (or subsystems) integrated to accomplish an overall goal (a system of people is an organization). Systems have input, processes, outputs and outcomes, with ongoing feedback among these various parts. If one part of the system is removed, the nature of the system is changed. Systems range from very simple to very complex. There are numerous types of systems. For example, there are biological systems (the heart, etc.), mechanical systems (thermostat, etc.), human/mechanical systems (riding a bicycle, etc.), ecological systems (predator/prey, etc.), and social systems (groups, supply and demand, friendship, etc.). Complex systems, such as social systems, are comprised of numerous subsystems, as well. These subsystems are arranged in hierarchies, and integrated to accomplish the overall goal of the overall system. Each subsystem has its own boundaries of sorts, and includes various inputs, processes, outputs and outcomes geared to accomplish an overall goal for the subsystem. A pile of sand is not a system. If one removes a sand particle, you've still got a pile of sand. However, a functioning car is a system. Remove the carburetor and you've no longer got a working car. It is important to look at organizations as systems because the effect of this systems theory in management is that writers, educators, consultants, etc. are helping managers to look at organizations from a broader perspective. Systems theory...

Words: 2580 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Organization Systems

...Department Roles & Systems Information Human Resource department (HR) would have to have access to all information systems that the company has set up so they can check on any problems that may arise from customers or employees. The enterprise resource planning (ERP) is a system as stated in our text book of being “they enhance communications among the functional areas of an organization.”(Rainer & Turban (2009). This system in an organization is the sole operating system and it links all areas of a business so no matter what department you are part of you can access information in the finances or processing to see if a customer’s order has been processed or not. Organizations like information systems like this because it “greatly increasing organizational productivity.”(Rainer & Turban (2009). This also allows the human resource department would also want to use the Decision support system (DSS) to come up with “What-If” analysis of potential problems that could happen on the job or in an emergency. It can also be used to help in making new training material more effective. The financial department has the function of making sure bills are being paid and customers are paying their bills to the company. In this area it has a few information systems they have to access and follow up on management information system, decision support systems, functional area IS, and expert systems. Each information system has it purpose in what data and information that is needed to be accessed...

Words: 409 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

It Systems Organization Use

...head: IT SYSTEMS ORGANIZATION USE IT SYSTEMS ORGANIZATION USE Willie Hicks UOP INFORMATION SYSTEMS FOUNDAMENTALS CIS/207 TONY LOPEZ March 27, 2013 IT SYSTEMS ORGANIZATION USE Riordan Manufacturing (aka. Riordan Industries) is one of the largest companies to manufacture plastics. The company is headquartered in San Jose, California and has several overseas locations in China, responsible for producing plastic components from complex parts for vehicles, aircraft parts to cooling fans and plastic drinking bottles. Majority of Riordan’s business are from multiple government contractors. As the economy still appears to be making some strides, organizations need to constantly assess for their blinds spots to be competitive and highlight their attributes at every possible opportunity. The company deserves to be noticed for adhering to ISO 9000 standards, which is utilized to grade various companies on quality management standards/protocols according to the needs of all its stakeholders and customers. These standards are highly regarded by some and often promoted as a sales pitch and financial leverage. The standards are understood and intended to be followed by all employees of on organization to improve with the hope to increase the bottom line. It essentially is a promise to not provide poor products, have a remedy or plan if a poor product is produced, address the core issue of product problems and constantly build on lessons to assess and improve the system and/or product...

Words: 708 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Organizations as Rational Systems

...Organizations as Rational Systems Prepared by Anna Lin, 9041816 This paper introduces Rational System Perspectives in relations to four promin ent schools of organization theory; which are Taylor’s scientific management, Fayol’s general principles of management, Weber’s theory of bureaucracy and Simon’s discussion on administrative behavior. Rational System Perspectives There are two key elements characterizing rational systems: 1) Goal Specificity Specific goals support rational behavior in organizations by providing guideli nes on structural design, which leads to specify what tasks are to be performe d and how resources are to be allocated. 2) Formalization Formalization is an attempt to make behavior more predictable by standardizing and regulating. Formalization provides stable expectation, which is a precond ition to rationality. Selected schools The author related rational system perspectives to four schools of organizatio nal theories. Taylor’s Scientific Management (1911) Taylor Scientifically analyzed tasks performed by individual workers and disco vered the best procedure that would produce the maximum output with the minimu m input of resources. His attempts (to rationalize labor at level of the indiv idual worker )led to changes in the entire structure of work arrangement. Ther efore, efficiency improved. His four principles includes: 1) Develop a science for each element of an individual’s work. 2) Scientifically select and train...

Words: 1244 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Information Systems in Organizations

...and 24/7 customer support. Intuit is the most popular inventory controls system since it is widely used in both small and larger organization. Intuit provides its customers with as easy startup plan that includes management inventory for tracking sales, returns, and exchanges, free hardware such as cash drawers, handheld scanners, pin number pads, and a “go payment” mobile card reader. Intuit also offers their customers full support on all hardware and software and a free trial period of 30 days. The current price for purchasing Intuits Management Inventory System is $900. James E Dodge Business Communications Author Note [Include any grant/funding information and a complete correspondence address.] automated asset tracking and management, Barcode and RFID technology, and client/server inventory management. They also offer installation services and 24/7 customer support. Intuit is the most popular inventory controls system since it is widely used in both small and larger organization. Intuit provides its customers with as easy startup plan that includes management inventory for tracking sales, returns, and exchanges, free hardware such as cash drawers, handheld scanners, pin number pads, and a “go payment” mobile card reader. Intuit also offers their customers full support on all hardware and software and a free trial period of 30 days. The current price for purchasing Intuits Management Inventory System is $900. Information technology (IT) is an important part of any business...

Words: 948 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Organization System Chart

...Organization System Chart Kudler Fine Foods System Name Brief Description Department to Use the System Purpose of the System Connects With Development Details HP Blade Server system c3000 system Unix OS LAN OS Main server used to connect all systems used by Kudler foods IT/ administration Communications, Email, Storage, Web, Corporate SAP ERP SW All stores Main server at the La Jolla main office Retail Enterprise Management System (REMS) Assists the company with ledgers, Accounts, Point of sale reports, cash flow analysis, and more Accounting Assists the company with ledgers, Accounts, Point of sale reports, cash flow analysis, and more Administration, Finance and Accounting, Sales and Marketing, Human Resources, Operations, IT A modular and scalable Retail management system maintained by Smith Consulting Biometric time system Fingerprint identifier used by employee’s to clock in and out Each day Finance and Accounting Identifies and Records employee’s time worked General Accounting, Human resources, A first run of the payroll system is used to detect errors in the employee record a second run is the used to review changes NCR RealPOS 82XRT Terminals with scanners, cash draws, touch screens and printers Retail Point of sale Retail Enterprise Management System/ General Ledger Captures and reports all retail sales Dell Vostro22" screensi3 Processor 3.3 GHz4 GB RAMWindows 7500 GB HD 7200 RPMCD/RW drive802.11n Corporate management and administration...

Words: 348 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Virtual Organization System Inventory

...Virtual Organization System Inventory Timothy L Welty BSA310 October 27, 2014 Peng Virtual Organization System Inventory Assignment: Select one of the following Virtual Organizations: * Huffman Trucking Complete the following chart, filling in information for each system used at the Virtual Organization. Add rows to the chart as necessary. Huffman Trucking “Huffman trucking is a national transportation company. The company's 1,400 employees work in its logistical hubs located in Los Angeles, California, St. Louis, Missouri, and Bayonne, New Jersey; its central maintenance facility is in Cleveland, Ohio; and as drivers of its 800 road tractors. The company expects to earn revenues during fiscal year 2004 in excess of $600,000,000 (Virtual Organization, 2014).” System Name | Brief Description | Department to Use the System | Purpose of the System | Connects With | Development Details | Finance & Accounting Systems | Application is licensed on an annual per user basis from a vendor specializing in F & A systems for the transportation industry | Finance and Accounting Systems | General ledgerAccounts PayableAccounts ReceivableCash ManagementBilling/InvoicingCredit/CollectionsCostingProperty ManagementAssetsTaxes | Integrated with the Fleet Maintenance System and the Enterprise Transportation Application | Maintenance costingFuel management and costingWarranty managementMaterials inventory managementFixed assets | System Name | Brief Description | Department...

Words: 449 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

System Integration and Organization Deployment

...IT426-1302B-02 System Integration and Organization Deployment Academy Carpets Integration Project 06/24/2013 Contents Project Outline 3 Integration Model and Tasks 5 Standards and Regulations 7 Support Strategies 9 Best Practices 11 Cultural Implications 15 References 17 Project Outline The organization I have targeted for this assignment is Academy Carpets. They are a small business located in my hometown of Colorado Springs, Colorado. They have three locations, and currently employ about 100 employees. They are relatively small company but over the last three to four years business has been steadily rising. Before the influx of new business the slow systems didn’t really bother the business or the employee’s production, but over the past years the need to upgrade their systems processes has become apparent. Academy Carpets now desperately needs a new system integrated, some salesmen are still using a pen and pad to track sales and request their orders, as a result of this their orders are constantly getting misconstrued up due to the lack of organization. The goal is to get the entire organization on an integrated computer system and provide the staff with a user friendly system that will give them the organization and performance that is needed for the company to continue to grow. Academy Carpets hopes by achieving this goal, not only will the salesmen have a less complicated workplace but Academy Carpets will have the ability to place, track and...

Words: 3523 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Business Models, Systems and Organization

...Business Models, Systems and Organization BUS/211 9-8-2014 Business Models, Systems and Organization Introduction I like to drink coffee; it wakes me up and gives me the boost, although limited, of energy that I need to get my day started. My favorite local business is "The Human Bean" a small drive through building setup to service coffee on both sides. They can get your selection of coffee ready in a flash so that you can drive off to work, or whatever your next destination might be. They also offer an incentive so that people will continue to use their services. The customer will receive a punch card and marked every time you visit, on your tenth visit you get a free coffee and you name put in a drawing for a week of free coffee. Business Components In the three components of the business system, we will start with commerce, which tells us about how people use their product and services. The Human Bean sells coffee, not just plain coffee, but specialty coffee and other drinks and food items. The building is used as well for services offered; you can service two people at the same time making the service fast and efficient. The next component is occupation, which would describe the employee's skills used in the business. The employees at this business would be called" barista," they are trained to make all kinds of specialty coffee drinks. The business has managers to supervise, hire, fire, and schedule the barista and suppliers for the coffee and the different...

Words: 628 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Unionization of the Organization Is Grievance System.

...Unions frequently implement Grievance System to settle dispute between worker and management. Hence, these system is only seen as an advantage to the worker. According to the researchers Richard Freeman and James Medoff the union grievance system was equivalent to a 2% wages increase in lowering the rate at which employees left a company. There is sufficient evidence that a union worker are more dissatisfied with their jobs than a non-union workers. This is seems to be the problem that due to which unionization have more dissatisfied workers. As a result, the data recorded indicates that after an organization or industry is unionized, a measurable dissatisfaction. Work rules: unions bargain on work rules into the contract as they bargain with management. These work rules when employee’s collectivity bargain. This limits company’s ability to limit subcontract work to other firms, for example restrict the amount of weight an employee can lift or specify what work non- union employees may not perform. According to the researcher Robert Kaufman found that union company typically had at least some restriction on worker’s performing one another’s jobs and prevent supervisor from production work for purposes other than demonstration. Whereas, non-union companies doesn’t have similar prohibitions. Seniority: In union firms the worker with seniority receives preference in decision about promotion and layoff. Due to this policy there is a sense of job security for the senior employees...

Words: 359 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Introduction, Organization & Integumentary System

...Introduction, Organization & Integumentary System Trident University Introduction: The integumentary system, otherwise known as, the skin is the largest and one of the most important organs in the human body and is made up of three different layers, the epidermis, the dermis and the sub-cutaneous. It is the organ system that is constantly changing and regenerating itself over a period of four to six weeks as it protects our internal body parts from damage. It also performs necessary functions like, temperature regulation, waste excretion and it is the protective coating over the internal body tissues. The skin also serves as the sensory receptor for pain and pleasurable sensations from pressure and temperature and, when we are exposed to sunlight, our integumentary system also generates necessary vitamin D. (Sanders, 2007) The integumentary system makes up around seven percent of a human being’s total body weight and is composed of the skin, skin derivatives, glands, hair and nails. (Graaff, 2001 ) How Skin cells are formed: The human skin is composed of several layers. The surface layer, or the one you can see, is the epidermis. The epidermis is composed of multiple layers of cells made up of Keratinocytes and they comprise roughly 85 percent of the cells in the epidermis. These cells make keratin, a hard protein substance which provides structural integrity and also makes up your nails and hair. New keratinocytes are grown at the lowest level of the epidermis...

Words: 657 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

3 Types of Systems Used in Organizations

...Supporting Activity: 3 Types of Systems Used in Organizations Joseph P. Bofill CIS/207 May 29.2013 Professor Fred Bennett Supporting Activity: 3 Types of Systems Used in Organizations In the business world where things happen at a moment’s notice, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and 365 days a year, it is important that business organizations stay current with their individual information systems. “We think of enterprise architecture as the process we use for fully describing and mapping business functionality and business requirements and relating them to information systems requirements”. (Scott) Although there are quite a few information systems available, in the following report three types of systems will be discussed and defined. Transaction Processing Systems (TPS), Customer Relationship Management Systems (CRM), and Business Intelligence Systems (BIS). Transaction Processing Systems meet the data collection, storage, processing and outputting functionalities for the core operations of a business. TPS information systems collect data from end users input and then generate the output based on what data has been received or collected. For example, a TPS system could be an online hotel reservation system. In such a system, customers can choose the dates of the stay and the type of room they want to stay in (input), the system then automatically will book the room and the dates update the room availability list and calendar, removing the dates and room chosen by the...

Words: 618 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Information Systems in Organizations Test Bank

...Information Systems in Organizations (Wallace) Chapter 1 Information Systems and People 1) China is known as the world's "back office" because innumerable companies in China manage information system applications for a growing number of multinational corporations. Answer: FALSE Page Ref: 6 AACSB: Use of information technology Chapter LO: 1 Difficulty: Easy Course LO: Discuss the role of information systems in supporting business processes 2) A survey of retailers found that modern point-of-sale technology was rated the least valuable element in customer satisfaction. Answer: FALSE Page Ref: 8 AACSB: Use of information technology Chapter LO: 1 Difficulty: Easy Course LO: Describe the functions of customer relationship management (CRM) systems 3) A person's online behavior is an important source of business intelligence. Answer: TRUE Page Ref: 9 AACSB: Use of information technology Chapter LO: 1 Difficulty: Easy Course LO: Explain how information systems can be used to assist in decision making 4) The information systems that support virtual teamwork and collaboration are, in some respects, still in their infancy compared to the more mature operational systems. Answer: TRUE Page Ref: 9 AACSB: Use of information technology Chapter LO: 1 Difficulty: Easy Course LO: Explain how IS can enhance systems of collaboration and teamwork 5) The development and application of innovative information systems improve the operations...

Words: 8842 - Pages: 36

Premium Essay

Health Care Organization and Delivery System

...Health Care Organization and Delivery System Health Care Organization and Delivery System HCS/531 November 09, 2011 In the current era of technology, health care system continues to research on improvising the various ways on delivering outstanding health services to its people. In health care industry, majority of the developed countries are run by national insurance generated by enforced general taxes. Unlike in United States healthcare insurances are run by partly private and government institution ensuring individuals based on certain eligibility. Although the distinct system in the United States protrudes as one of the best health care providers around the globe, some individuals considered it as unmanageable catastrophic scheme. Additional information regarding United States health care system, the implications of its belief and values, and some models of health care delivery used in America are presented below. The health care delivery system of United States is a complicated organization involving education and research, medical suppliers, private, and government insurers, health care providers, payers, and the government. It composed an approximate number of 10 million in employment from doctors, nurses, dentists, pharmacists, administrators, caregivers, and more. The system also involves several institutions such as hospitals, nursing homes, mental health facilities, and clinical sites serving millions of people yearly...

Words: 1235 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Information System and Strategic Impact on Organizations

...Information System Strategic Impact Hi Mr. Tom, I will like to first congratulate you on your new position as the Chief Executive Officer, of this amiable and well respected leader in the Healthcare logistics industry. It’s good to have an ambitious and goal oriented person like you in charge of this company. Decision Support System (DSS) is a type of Information System that are into specifics, it helps in the strategic decision making of the Top Executives in an organization, by gathering and analyzing both internal and external information. A good way to understand this type of Information System is to visualize the executive management in an aircraft cockpit with the instrument panel guiding them about the status of all key business activities. A special type of DSS, referred to as Executive Information System (EIS), is structured to support the information needs of the executive management. EIS information is presented in charts and tables that show trends, ratios, and other managerial statistics. This type of Information System would certainly help provide a strategic impact on the business of this company by gathering data on competitors’ customers. Advantages of Decision Support System 1. It improves personal efficiency as it’s very easy to use, as the user do not have to be a computer geek in understanding how it works. 2. The information produced by is quick and timely, as many decisions that executives have to make are quick. With EIS, an executive...

Words: 1491 - Pages: 6