Free Essay

Orthopedic and Musculoskeletal Disorders

In: Other Topics

Submitted By tjackson2561
Words 2104
Pages 9
This essay makes an attempt to address Orthopedic and Musculoskeletal Disorders. Also attempted, is a developmental design and evaluation of an appropriate individualized education goals and the issues surrounding the disorder of the above mentioned disease. Within the design, several directives will be accomplished: two (2), appropriate individualized education goals to meet the needs of the student. An analytical view, of the disorder, and what the specifics are associated with these type(s) of disorders. What the salient complications are as a result of the disorder, the particulars of finances and assistance as they affect the educational system. What treatment options are available, rehabilitation, and are there any appropriate educational interventions to address the situation. Lastly, what are the teacher's responsibilities, in terms of meeting the needs of students with curvature of the spine, hip conditions, limb deficiency, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, and musculoskeletal disorders? (2) Appropriate Individualized Educational Goal: Two appropriate individualized education goals; Annual Goals:
Jessica is a 14 year girl who is also a sophomore, with an orthopedic and musculoskeletal disorder, she will have the ability to join in with her classmates in activities that; will allow her the use of her hands, shoulders and much more, far more than she was previously able to do. These activities include; the ability to produce her own written assignments and use of the computer, also having the ability to participate in physical education such as bowling, and softball. Educational Goal: Jessica, will join her classmates in some of the following: Stretching with the help of a school therapist. She will stretch out her fingers, rotate her shoulders, bend and stretch out her arms. Jessica will be responsible for keeping a written journal given to her by her physical educational instructor. Exercises will include:
Stretching for 15 seconds then a hold time for 5 seconds, stop for 4 seconds, this is to be completed 3 times per session, 3 sessions a day to start November 4, 2013 ending on November 8, 2013.
Stretching for 20 seconds then a hold time for 10 seconds 4 times per session 3 sessions a day. This next session will begin on November 11, 2013 ending on November 15, 2013 Stretching for 25 seconds then a hold time for 15 seconds 4 times per session 3 sessions a day. This next session will begin on November 18 2013 ending on November 22, 2013 Educational Goal: Jessica, will improve her ability to move about in a swimming pool by demonstrating her ability to move her limbs in exercises chosen by her therapist and physical education teacher. Jessica will join her classmates as often as 2 times a week for 15 minutes per day or as her joints will allow her. Exercises will include: Sitting on the side of the pool and kicking her legs for 15 minutes per session once a day beginning on December 2, 2013 and ending on December 5, 2013. Jessica’s therapist and physical education teacher will help Jessica keep a journal of her activities. Jessica, will stand in the pool while motioning her arms, as to demonstrate the breast stroke for 10 minutes per session once a day beginning on December 9, 2013 and ending on December 13, 2013. Jessica will track her progress along with her therapist and physical education teacher as to how well and how far she has come since first starting the exercise.
Analytical view of the disorder(s):
Hip Conditions: There are several, here we name only a few such as: Developmental Dysplasia which is, a deformity of the hip that usually happens before birth but, can also take place after birth. (See attached photo). Hip Condition continued: Perthes Disease, this disease is caused by the loss of blood flow to the hip and without proper blood flow, the ball, socket and the hip dies. This disease is also higher in girls rather than boys. (See attached photo). Limb Deficiencies: There are many definitions to describe this deficiency, however the simplest definition is: the lack of formation of part of the limb bud. There are many limb deficiencies such as, Amelia which; is an absence of a limb and there’s Meromelia, described as a partial absence of a limb and also Hemimelia which, is the absence of half a limb. They all seem to have the suffix melia in their descriptions and it means (condition(s) of the limbs).
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis: Is defined as, constant pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints. There are some types of this condition that, can cause some very serious problems such as, growth problems and complications of the eye such as swelling or inflammation of the eye.
Musculoskeletal Disorders: This condition has minor physical disabilities, and is a term used to describe many conditions that; affect the following: muscles, bones, and joints in addition the severity of this disability can vary greatly, from mere pain that will prevent you from enjoying everyday activities, to sometimes significant great bodily damage.
Salient Complications:
Developmental Dysplasia, for those children who are not treated correctly or diagnosed correctly may very well develop long lasting hip problems, and when parents try to treat this condition themselves which often times they have and will, may find that; in time they have caused the hip to grow abnormally.
Limb Deficiency, there is much to discuss when it comes to the salient complications of Limb deficiencies such as, there could be some terminal overgrowth, complication may occur after a surgical amputation, the bone could pierce the skin and cause ulcers.
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis, several salient complications makes this disorder rather risky if left untreated such as; mentioned previously, eye problems. We discussed that earlier; in addition, there could be complications of the eye such as swelling or inflammation, however if this condition is left untreated it can cause cataracts, glaucoma and even blindness.
Musculoskeletal Disorders, here there are far too many complications that; comes along with this disorder, for instance; one may develop carpal tunnel which makes it hard to hold things, or charcot foot with this complication one might develop a softening of the foot bones, or even still frozen shoulder, this makes it rather painful to move the shoulder and also causes restrictive movement of the shoulder. Financial Effects/Assistance in the Educational System: As with any disease or disability of this nature, the financial effect and assistance in the educational system are as such: the child may have excessive days missed from school, very limited mobility, coupled with the loss if his or her strength. Student who suffer from any of the above mentioned disorders should be paid close attention to because of the loss of the above mentioned.
*The Burden of Musculoskeletal Diseases in the United States:
One in two adults report a musculoskeletal condition requiring medical attention. Annual direct and indirect costs for bone and joint health are 950 billion – 7.4% of the gross domestic product. Musculoskeletal disorders and diseases are the leading cause of disability in the United States and account for more than one-half of all chronic conditions in people over 50 years of age in developed countries. The economic impact of these conditions is also staggering: For the years 2004-2006 the sum of the direct expenditures in health care costs and the indirect expenditures in lost wages has been estimated to be $950 billion dollars annually, or 7.4% of the national gross domestic product, (Bone and Joint Decade 2002).
Treatment Options:
Treatment options for Developmental Dysplasia, a doctor will treat this condition usually by moving the baby’s hip back into its socket and thereby helping to keep the hip in its proper place whip the hip continues to grow however, a splint may also be used but this is done in babies who are age 6 months or younger. There are other forms of treatment such as surgery or even a brace may be used in some cases.
Treatment options for Perthes Disease involves, a nonsurgical performance or treatment which includes, using and anti- inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen, which is used to help prevent inflammation, and may be stopped, but this will depend on how well the hip is healing.
Treatment options for Limb deficiencies depends largely on which limb is affected and to what extent, the bottom line is to get the limb in proper working condition. This disease can vary in children, while some may have this for only a short time others, may have this condition for the rest of their lives.
Treatment options for Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis, for a small part of those juveniles who suffer from rheumatoid arthritis, aspirin may ease the pain but; for others there are other medicines that are designed to slow the progression of the disease.
Musculoskeletal Disorders treatment options will depend greatly on the severity its condition. Often times over the counter medications will help with pain and stiffness, but exercise will also help address the pain.
Rehabilitation:
While exercise might be the best therapy for some musculoskeletal disorders, such is not the case for those students who have curvature of the spine also have limited mobility and there for must be taken care of by their therapist as to not to hurt the student. Over the counter medications will help most how do have some forms of musculoskeletal disorders.
Appropriate Educational Interventions:
Teachers, who take the time to understand musculoskeletal disorders, are able to gain a great deal of information on the disease and the student who is afflicted. Those students who have curvature of the spine, and the other disease and disorders will require a bit more modifications not only in the curriculum as a hold but many adaptations in and around the school.
Teacher's Responsibilities:
To begin any appropriate individualized educational goal for a student with, curvature of the spine, hip condition(s), limb deficiency, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, and musculoskeletal disorders, the teacher must first educate him or herself with the various characteristics of each. Any student, who goes to school with orthopedic and musculoskeletal disorder, requires the teacher be knowledgeable of the disability.
It is most important that the (IEP) team members of professionals work in unison to develop an appropriate individualized educational goal, this ensures that; the student will get a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) in the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) as required by federal law (Eric Digest, n.d.).
It is suggested that; the teacher be the leader and that; he or she should, at the beginning of the school year, meet and address the needs of the student with a therapist, this is done in an effort to, accommodate the student(s) with such things as equipment. The teacher along with a therapist should begin with an equipment check, this helps to ensure if the equipment will be suitable for the students use, and if there should be any additional training that may be necessary for the staff members who will be involved with the student’s success.
Every teacher who will be involved in the training and education of a student with curvature of the spine, hip conditions, limb deficiency, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, and musculoskeletal disorder, should take time to review the students entire day at school, from his or her transportation to and from home, to a complete assessment of the surrounding environment up to and including the following: use of restroom, changing of diapers or clothing (when necessary), physical education, music, and all other classes.
Conclusion:
It does not matter what form of orthopedic and musculoskeletal disorder a student’s suffers, what does matter is that; every student be treated fairly, and it is the belief of the author that: we should need the federal government to tell us so or to do the right thing even when the right thing may be difficult to do. It is the job of the experienced teacher who in the end helps the student succeed no matter the disability.
Reference:
Bone and Joint Decade 2002,Retrieved on 10/25/2013. http://www.boneandjointburden.org/
Developmental Dysplasia, Retrieved on 10/23/2013. http://www.webmd.com/parenting/baby/tc/developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-topic-overview
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis, Retrieved on 10/25/2013. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/juvenile-rheumatoid-arthritis/DS00018
Melia, Retrieved on 10/24/2013. http://www.medicalterm.com.au/Free%20Pdf%20notes/Medical%20Terminology%20Terms.pdf
Musculoskeletal Disorders, Retrieved on 10/25/2013. http://www.healthline.com/health/musculoskeletal-disorders
Pediatric Limb Deficiencies, Retrieved on 10/24/2013. http://www.childrenscolorado.org/pdf/pmr_spring04.pdf Perthes Disease, Retrieved on 10/23/2013.
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00070

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Orthopedic and Musculoskeletal Disorders Iep

...Running Head: ORTHOPEDIC and MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS IEP 1 Orthopedic and Musculoskeletal Disorders IEP Cynthia Read Grand Canyon University: SPE-573 July 24, 2013 Orthopedic and Musculoskeletal Disorders IEP 2 Orthopedic and Musculoskeletal Disorders IEP Introduction Orthopedic impairments consist of a broad variety of pupils that have a need for special education because of the impact that the orthopedic impairment has caused with their performance at school. Deficiencies might consist of inborn abnormalities, and origins from other disorders like breaks, losing body extremities, and cerebral palsy (Heller, 2001). Pupils with bone disorders seldom are in regular classrooms. This paper evaluates an orthopedic and musculoskeletal disorder along with an advocated educational intervention: Osteogenesis Imperfecta. Musculoskeletal Disorders Bottom of Form Osteogenesis imperfecta is also known as the “brittle bone” disorder. It is an inherited disease where a person’s bones are broken with no problem. Almost all incidences of osteogenesis imperfecta are triggered by a domineering chromosomal imperfection. A lot of the population of kids that have osteogenesis imperfecta were born with this disease and they received it from one or both of their parents and other children that have this disease have no idea how or why they got it because no one in their family has had this ailment. There are four types of osteogenesis imperfecta that researchers have......

Words: 1661 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Hcs 212 Health Care Vocabulary

...Orthopedic Professions University of Phoenix Health Care Vocabulary 212 December 26, 2012 Skeletal System Orthopedics is the specialty that a physician may choose during or after medical school to get specialized education. Orthopedics covers a wide range of subspecialties that the physician can focus on to offer specialized care to patients’ problems that a general orthopedist may not be able to offer. These specialties include: • Orthopedic Trauma Trauma is defined as a severe injury that may cause death or significant disability. The most common cause of trauma include motor vehicle accidents, falls, burns, knife and gunshot wounds and sports or recreational injuries. Traumas often result in bone and joint fractures and dislocations. (Scottsdale Healthcare Osborn, 2009, para. 2) • Arthritis treatments Treatment focused on relieving the pain associated with arthritis. Treatment types such as medicines, therapy, or surgery can be used alone or in combination together to ease the associated pain of arthritis. • Spine and Neck injuries Generalized neck pain, whiplash or cervical pain, disc herniation, weakness, and or numbness down the arms, and lower back or lumbar pain, are treated by orthopedic physicians specialized in spine and neck injury. • Upper extremity Treatment of muscle, ligaments, tendons, and bones in the shoulder, elbow, wrist, and hand are under physicians who have training in this specific part of the body. • Hand Physicians in......

Words: 646 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Low Back Pain In Nursing

...A retrospective study was conducted by Vieira, Kumar, Coury, & Narayan (2006) to evaluate the workload and identify problems leading to the higher incidence rate of work related low back injury among nurses in the orthopedic and intensive care unit departments of the hospital. The life-time incidence and point prevalence of low back pain were 65% and 30%, respectively, in orthopedic nurses, and 58% and 25%, respectively, in the intensive care nurses. The low back scored highest for body-part discomfort - 4.6 and 4.0, respectively, on a 10-point scale. A cross-sectional study conducted by Ovayolu, Ovayolu, Genc, & Col-Araz, (2014) to determine the frequency and severity of low back pain and influencing factors in nurses working...

Words: 825 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Physical Disabilities

... * A condition that incapacitates the skeletal, muscular and/or neurological systems of the body to some degree. * It has no concurrent mental disability * Children with disabilities prefer to use the term “Physically Challenged” According to IDEA… * People who experience physical disabilities are considered as “Orthopedically Impaired” (Having a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.) Two Groups of Disabilities 1. Neuromotor Impairments 2. Muscular or Skeletal Conditions Neuromotor Impairments * These are conditions caused by damage to the CNS (the brain and the spinal cord) * Problem: Neurological messages sent to them are faulty or interrupted. Different Kinds of Neuromotor Impairments A. Seizure Disorders B. Cerebral Palsy Muscular/skeletal conditions (Musculoskeletal Conditions) * Conditions affecting muscles or bones and resulting in limited functioning. * Individuals with these conditions usually have trouble controlling their movements. * Most children with musculoskeletal conditions have normal intellectual abilities. (Batshaw&Perret,1992). * They do not necessarily encounter academic difficulties, but their physical limitations and social and emotional adjustment can create educational problems. Types of Muscular/Skeletal Conditions * Polio * Muscular Dystrophy * Hare Lip * Juvenile Arthritis * Limb...

Words: 911 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Captial Project

...Capital project Capital project section two Executive summary There is an overuse of the hospital MRI machine at the facility. The MRI machine needs to be utilized for multiple specialties including emergencies, inpatients, gamma knife, orthopedics, sports medicine. The ultimate recommendation is to add an extremity MRI scanner to the facility to relieve some of the usage of the main MRI machine. Providing this relief benefits in many aspects. The addition will provide an opportunity to expand the sports medicine and orthopedics department. A premier department that is recognized as elite, but this is just one aspect of improvement. Other improvements include the inpatient length of stay. The inpatient length of stay is above benchmarks due in part to the waiting times of the main MRI machine. This increase in length of stay also affects patient satisfaction scores. Physicians have also expressed frustrations due to the waiting times of scans to be done for diagnostic purposes and have opted their office patients to utilize the MRI scans in other departments. Retention of physicians who bring in patients is an important factor to consider in the proposed expenditure. Retention of physicians’ means retention of admissions of whom are sent bu their respective physicians. There is also the potential for liability issues related to the wait times and potential delayed acute diagnosis of medical conditions due to the wait times. This is an opportunity to relieve some of......

Words: 1641 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Healthsouth

...Main Campus HealthSouth Rehabilitation Hospital 2935 colonial Drive Columbia, SC 29203 (803) 401-1331 HealthSouth: Columbia - www.healthsouthcolumbia.com HealthSouth is one of the nation's largest healthcare services providers, operating Acute Rehab and Outpatient Rehab Centers nationwide. Our vast network of highly skilled professionals and the latest equipment and technology offers patients access to high-quality healthcare. HealthSouth Rehabilitation offers a low therapist to patient ratio guaranteeing the patient gets the one-on-one attention they deserve. Treatment is available for individuals who have suffered a major accident or illness, including trauma, stroke, head injury, spinal cord injury, hip fracture, amputation, arthritis, chronic pain, neuromuscular and pulmonary diseases. HealthSouth treats people of all ages on an outpatient basis with specialized rehabilitation programs for adolescent, adult, and geriatric populations. HealthSouth Rehabilitation Hospital of Columbia offers comprehensive outpatient therapy services. HealthSouth Rehabilitation Hospital of Columbia is a 96-bed acute care rehabilitation hospital located in Columbia, S.C. Established in 1989, we are the only freestanding comprehensive medical rehabilitation hospital in the Midlands, serving Lexington, Richland, Kershaw and surrounding counties. Health South Rehabilitation Hospital is own and operated by The Gores Group, in Los Angeles, a private equity firm. For-profit......

Words: 1895 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Equine Assisted Therapy

...Equine Assisted Therapy By: Ashley M. Lorenc An ancient Greek sage once said, "The outside of a horse is the best thing for the inside of man." Hippocrates echoed that sentiment when he spoke of "ride rhythm" (Bliss). I have found there is an unspoken magic that horses posses when it comes to healing human beings. This experience is something that could never be taught or reached in a “talk” therapy session. The primary objective of Equine Assisted Therapy at Helping Hands Therapeutic Riding Center is rehabilitation, but it is also there to provide mental, physical, and social stimulation. The children love coming out to ride. It is amazing seeing an unresponsive child get on a horse and 45 minutes later have a totally different personality. Some of the children are more challenging to work with than others. Their attention spans can be short so keeping them focused and entertained can be difficult. One patient we had was a girl about age 12. While on the horse she would talk in song, in a soft tone. She loved being on the horse. When the therapist would tell her left and right she would start to respond and move the reigns. Every child has their own personalities and their own needs. Each child is matched with a horse depending on those needs. This takes great patience for all the participants. Safety is essential. That is why I am there. I volunteer to walk next to the horse, to control the horse, and to monitor the rider through the lesson. The......

Words: 1939 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Marfan

...2014 southeastern college Abstract Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the body’s connective tissue. Connective tissue holds all the body’s cells, organs and tissue together. It also plays an important role in helping the body grow and develop properly. About 1 in 5,000 people have Marfan syndrome, including men and women of all races and ethnic groups. There is no cure for Marfan syndrome. To develop one, scientists may have to identify and change the specific gene responsible for the disorder before birth and medical research has not yet evolved to the point of cure. People with Marfan tend to be unusually tall, with long limbs and long, thin fingers. Marfan syndrome has various expressions ranging from mild to severe: the most serious complications are defects of the heart valves and aorta. Additionally, it may affect the lungs, eyes, dural sac surrounding the spinal cord, the skeleton, and the hard palate. This makes it very important for people with Marfan syndrome and related disorders to receive accurate, early diagnosis and treatment. Without it, they can be at risk for potentially life-threatening complications. The earlier some treatments are started, the better the outcomes are likely to be. The appropriate specialists will develop an individualized treatment program; the approach the doctor’s use depends on which systems have been affected. Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the body’s connective tissue. Connective tissue......

Words: 1540 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Hippotherapy

...Plan of the project: 1) What is hippotherapy? 2) Analysis of the organization 3) SWOT analysis 4) Target Audience 5) Objectives PR campaign 6) Task of PR campaign 7) Plan of the PR program 8) Work plan of preparation for the conference "Hippotherapy-riding to health" 9) Information for controllable mass media 10) Information for non-controllable mass media 11) Budget 12) Press kit: * Press release * Information about organization * Biography of the CEO * List of quotations * Logo * Questionnaire for journalists What is hippotherapy? About hippotherapy known since the time of Hippocrates. He claimed that the wounded and the sick get better faster if they ride on horseback, and melancholic part with their dark thoughts. In the middle of the XVIII century the encyclopedist Denis Diderot, in his treatise: "About riding and what it means to maintain health and to find it again", wrote: "Among the exercise the first place belongs to ride. It can be used to treat many diseases, but may also prevent them befores they appear." Hippotherapy is a comprehensive and multi-method of rehabilitation, a form of physiotherapy (physical therapy), where tools for rehabilitation are the horse, the process of riding and exercising that a person does during riding. While riding all the major muscle groups of the body receive a work out. This occurs at a reflex level, because sitting on the horse, moving along with it,......

Words: 2743 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Healthcare Delivery

...CJ Macintosh March 21, 2011 Shriners Hospital Healthcare Delivery System Imagine a child experiences a traumatic event such as a house fire sustaining life-threatening injuries or develops a musculoskeletal disorder and may not walk again. Where would one go with a child such as this? A child that would need an individualized care plan catered to meet his or her needs without financially crippling their family and incorporating them in the healing process. A place of such magnitude and offers multidisciplinary services does exist and that place is Shriners Hospital for Children. Shriners Hospital, founded in 1922, aims to achieve optimum health for its patients by helping each child become healthy and independent. Through its broad range of medical and rehabilitative services, it accomplishes this goal through treatments, surgeries, and therapies in orthotics, prosthetics, occupational, and recreational. To deliver exceptional care, its healthcare delivery structure and the many factors that affect it contributes to its weaknesses and strengths as a non-profit healthcare provider. The following addresses Shriners Hospital healthcare delivery system, the economic, licensing, and regulating factors, trends affecting the industry, and pricing dynamics it encounters. Health Care Delivery Structure Health care delivery structure is the system through which a healthcare organization provides health care services that met the heath needs of the targeted......

Words: 1751 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Creatine Research Paper

...Introduction There is a lot of controversy on nutritional supplements and performance/health claims that go along with them. Many claims come and go without a lot of hassle, but none has generated the commotion of the interest or debate surrounding creatine (Cr). Many people believe Cr is another weight gaining powder or steroid alternative (Plisk and Kreider, 1999). What those people do not know is Cr is also found in the human body naturally as opposed to supplementation. Individuals know the name creatine but may not understand the science behind it. The use of Cr has become very widespread, usually in the supplement form Cr monohydrate. Every since the discovery of the ability to increase Cr and phosphocreatine (PCr) inside the human muscles by oral ingestion of supplemental Cr has led to many studies showcasing the benefits of exercise performance. Cr monohydrate supplementation shows significant results to increase the human body’s ability to maintain power output during high-intensity exercise and increase the rate of PCr to resynthesis during the recovery phase of intermittent high intensity exercise (Volek and Kraemer, 1996). My goal is to provide significant information on natural Cr functions, Cr as a supplement, ways the human body utilize Cr to enhance athletic performance, and how society views/uses Cr. Effects of Creatine in the Human Body Creatine was discovered by a French scientist named Chevreul in 1832 but it was not until 1847 did another scientist...

Words: 2493 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Thesis

...Undergraduate Research Projects Title: Thesis Adviser: Author: A Predictive Model of Attention in Viewing Selected Grocery Food Products Ms. Rosemary Seva Kathleen V. Garcia Kimberly L. Go Winnie V. Grindulo Date: Call Number: Abstract: Studies on visual attention have identified certain visual factors that attract consumer attention. Visual attention had been found to be related to instore visual factors such as shelf position, number of facings, and packaging design. However, despite their importance attracting consumer attention, no studies had been found to consider combined effects of these factors in consumer attention. As such, this study considered the combined effects shelf position, number of facings and packaging design with the objective of identifying the significant factors and of developing a predictive model of attention. The significant effects of in-store visual factors specifically number of facings, horizontal and vertical shelf positioning, the color, size, and material of, and the text and image on the packaging was used in the development of a conceptual model in predicting attention as measured by the frequency of fixation and the duration of fixation. In order to validate the developed model, an eye-tracking experiment was conducted. Using an eye-tracking device that records the frequency and duration of fixation, the subjects were asked to view a life-size picture of a shelf. Multiple regression analysis was used to analyse the data gathered from the...

Words: 16175 - Pages: 65

Premium Essay

Case Study 1

...1 Introduction to Clinical Applications Objectives In this chapter we will study • various approaches to the study of disease; • the role of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; • common causes of disease; • the distinction between signs and symptoms of disease; • terms used to describe the time course of a disease; and • common abbreviations for medical specialists and specialties. Homeostasis and Disease The body’s tendency to maintain internal stability is called homeostasis. Examples include the body’s relatively stable temperature, blood glucose concentration, hormone levels, acid-base balance, and electrolyte balance. When physiological variables deviate too much from their set point, the body activates negative feedback loops that tend to restore stability and maintain health. In some cases, such as the stoppage of bleeding, positive feedback loops are activated to bring about rapid change. If the attempt to regain homeostasis fails, disease results. There is a strong emphasis in medicine today on promoting wellness through prevention. However, this manual focuses on what happens when prevention fails, homeostasis is disrupted, and disease occurs. The Study of Disease Disease (illness) is any deviation from normal that interferes with correct, life-sustaining bodily function. Literally, the word means dis-ease, the opposite of ease (comfort and normal function). Disease may have underlying structural foundations, such as a broken bone, and its...

Words: 3427 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Mega

...(Last updated April 2010) Königinstraße 5 80539 München Tel.: (089)2888-0 http://munich.usconsulate.gov DOCTORS AND MEDICAL SERVICES – MUNICH The U.S. Consulate General Munich, Germany, assumes no responsibility or liability for the professional ability or reputation of, or the quality of services provided by, the following persons or clinics. Inclusion on this list is in no way an endorsement by the Department of State or the U.S. Consulate. Names are listed alphabetically, and the order in which they appear has no other significance. The information in the list on professional credentials, areas of expertise and language ability are provided directly by the physicians. You may receive additional information about individuals by contacting the local medical association (or its equivalent) or the local licensing authorities. NOTE: Medical service in Germany is of a high standard. Charges for private patients can be approximately the same as those assessed in the United States but vary from physician to physician. University professors are likely to charge higher fees than other doctors on the list. These fees, however, in view of the physicians’ standing in the medical community are not considered excessive. Tourists should be prepared to pay in cash when they visit a doctor. For hospital admittance, except in emergency cases, a deposit is usually required to cover a five day stay. All cities, town and rural areas in Bavaria will have University,......

Words: 7722 - Pages: 31

Premium Essay

Rltt

...RLTT Task 1 The healthcare industry in today’s day and age has become an ecosystem of its own with the development of different technology combined with modern day medicine. These technological advances in medicine and machines have allowed the world to diagnose and treat billions of individuals across the world. The problem associated with care of a patient is the monetary factor in helping the needy or people without insurance. One of the hardest things for any parent to watch is for their own child to suffer and not be able to have them treated and cared for. The organization in discussion today will be Texas Scottish Rite Hospital in Dallas for children. This is an organization that is doing great things for families and children that cannot afford life saving care for children regardless of the ability to pay or carry a health insurance policy. Changes in current economic times and different health care reforms will soon change for this hospital on how it cares for children with technology and billing in the future. A. In the past 91 years of operation this hospital has never turned a child away because of the families in ability to pay. Since 1921 this hospital has grown and opened other locations all across the United States with the same promise to help children with disabilities that plagued the country with Polio. Funding from a group of individuals known as the Masons was able to help children in need with disabilities from Polio and other muscular diseases.......

Words: 1864 - Pages: 8