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P S Y C H 102 S.P.

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By xostardust
Words 358
Pages 2

Social Psychology
-The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another

Social Thinking How we think about others, especially when they do something unexpected

Attributing Behavior to Persons vs. Situations Attribution Theory:
-We have a tendency to give causal explanations for someone’s behavior
-Often by crediting either the situation or the person’s disposition Examples: -Child misbehaving in class
-attributed to child having ADHD or child having not learnt enough about discipline -Someone giving us a curt greeting -attributed to “they don’t like me/they don’t recognize me” -Person tripping on a sidewalk -attributed to them being clumsy Fundamental Attribution Error
-The tendency to overestimate the impact of personal disposition, and underestimate the impact of the situations in explaining the behaviors of others Self-Serving Bias -People take credit for success, deny responsibility for failure Attitude -A belief and feeling that predisposes a Attitudes Can Affect Action -Our attitudes predict our behaviors
-Imperfect predictor – other factors (example: external situation) also influence behavior
-Not only do people stand for what they believe in (attitude), they start believing in what they stand for
Example: Cooperative actions can lead to mutual liking (beliefs)
-Food-in-the-Door Phenomenon: The tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request
-Cognitive Dissonance Theory: To relieve ourselves of this tension, we bring our attitudes closer to our actions
-we strive to reduce dissonance when one of our cognitions conflicts with another one of our cognitions or behaviors
-dissonance: discomfort from conflict of opposing thoughts
-Example 1: Knowing that smoking is harmful (first cognition) while liking to...

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