Free Essay

Pain and Hypnotherapy

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By galandriel
Words 1891
Pages 8
Alison Farrall Module Eight Word Count 1871

Choose a medical condition that interests you and research it. Write about the possible uses of hypnosis in the treatment of the condition as you see them.

For this assignment I have chosen to discuss fibromyalgia
Fybromyalgia simply means pain (algia) coming from muscles (my) and fibrous tissues (fibro) such as tendons and ligaments. It is usually accompanied by other symptoms in addition to the pains and is sometimes called fibromyalgia syndrome. It is a chronic persistant condition.
“ The cause of fibromyalgia is not known....research has shown that people with fybromyalgaia have certain subtle changes in some chemicals in the brain and nervous system.....there seems to be a minor change in the level of neurotransmitters, the chemicals responsible for transmitting messages between nerves and brain cells. Research studies have shown that there is also an increased amount of a chemical substance called substance P in the cerebrospinal fluid and that this may be involved in the way pain messages are transmitted.”
As the cause of fibromyalgia is thought to be from the processes in the brain and spinal cord there is little evidence that the disease is due to a problem with the peripheral muscles, tendons and ligaments although the pain is often felt there.
Fybromyalgia affects one in fifty people, it usually develops between the ages of twenty five to fifty five and is more common in women.
Common symptoms of fibromyalgia are pain, particularly in the neck and back, sensitivity to touch, joint sorenesss, tiredness, and problems sleeping.
“ People diagnosed with fibromyalgia often experience chronic pain that can be very debilitating to their lives and careers. As many as 30% of people with fibromyalgia report having trouble simply doing their work.”
More symptoms include:
Painful periods
Pins and needles in fingers or toes
A feeling of swelling in hands or feet even if their hands and feet are not actually swollen
Depression or anxiety; although this may be the result of having the condition.
Chronic fatigue syndrome /myalgic encephalomyelitis.
With reference to fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome Michael Heap states that
“ All illnesses have a biopsychosocial aetiology. Genetic makeup interacts with biological factors such as viral infections psychological factors such as anxiety and resilience, and contextual factors such as the work environment and relationships....often patients are resistant to the idea that their condition does not have a physical cause because they feel that a psychological cause is less acceptable or valid.....depression, anxiety, post traumatic stress disorder and functional bowel and bladder disorders are often co morbid with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. Buskila and Cohen (2007) reported that 80% of patients suffered with depression and 63.5% with anxiety.”
( Hypnotherapy A handbook Michael heap second edition p 98) Hence using hypnosis to explore and resolve these past traumas may be useful.
Fybromyalgia does not shorten life expectancy, symptoms of the condition may ease or disappear after a few months. In most cases however it is a chronic persistent condition in which quality of life can become affected. Although there is no cure for fibromyalgia, symptoms of the disorder can be reduced by use of prescription drugs, psychological therapy, exercise, holistic therapy and hypnotherapy. Haanen et al (1991) compared hypnotherapy with physical exercise therapy in forty randomly allocated fibromyalgia patients, they received either form of therapy for 12 weeks. All participants were assessed by the researchers at a 12 and 24 week follow up, in which the participants in the hypnotherapy group reported a reduction in pain and fatigue and they also reported better sleep. The success of this study demonstrates that hypnotherapy has therefore, been shown to be an invaluable tool to the client in order to better manage the condition. It can also be used to address the mental and emotional difficulties associated with this disorder.
As a therapist it is important to assess the client on:
The explanation of their pain and background history
The length of time they have been suffering from the pain
Whether the problem is iatrogenic pain
The frequency and times of pain
A description of the pain
Possible secondary gains ( a worsening condition can start to have hidden benefits)
It is also very important that the clients condition has been diagnosed by a medical practitioner and that written permission has been obtained before commencing treatment.
(Psychotherapeutic counselling year one module eight)
Furthermore, hypnotherapy should be part of a comprehensive treatment plan and never used to mask symptoms that may be developing.
To successfully implement hypnotherapy for a client living with fybromyalgaia it is important to understand the psychological and physical effects of living with the constant insecurity, changes and loss that affect him/her.
Changes can be categorized into “Practical”
Such as changes to the environment due to loss of mobility, ability to perform tasks for daily living, financial and employment changes.

Acceptance of care needs, effects on intimate relationships, change in desired or expected future, aspirations.
Loss and the associated grief, anger, insecurity, denial, loss of independence, fear, change in identity, dealing with the emotion or hidden emotions of others, confusion.
Many chronic conditions will not prevent the person from living a full life, but will always be part of that life. This can be difficult to accept and is often made worse by the fluctuating nature of a condition like fibromyalgia. With the aid of psychotherapeutic methods and hypnosis the client may learn to develop the following coping skills to help them to move forward with their lives:
Relaxation, Pain relief, ( especially when analgesic suggestions are added to relaxation hypnosis) Seeking realistic goals,
Accepting and finding the right help, Dealing with anger and emotions, Living actively in society, Living in the present (letting go of the past identity and perception of the future in order to enjoy the present moment. Hypnotherapy can help with this by allowing the client to appreciate the outside world around them to intensify their sensory perception of the world allowing these feelings to become present at a conscious and unconscious level.
As part of a comprehensive effective treatment plan hypnotherapy can be used to address the broad spectrum of physical and psychological issues associated with fibromyalgia.
Helping the client to relax and to manage debilitating pain is within the scope of hypnotherapy. Pain is inextricably linked with emotion. Anxiety and pain apprehension may be greater than the pain itself, depending upon the situation. The memory or previous experience and associations with the pain may also govern the intensity of the pain experienced. If you associate pain with a pleasant experience like resting and staying in a caring environment then it may not be felt with as much discomfort. If you associate your pain with an expectation of agony then you are more likely to experience it that way.
Erikson described pain as ” a construct of past remembered pain, the present pain experience and the future anticipated pain. Thus immediate pain is augmented by past pain and is enhanced by the future possibilities of pain. The immediate stimuli are only the central third of the entire experience.”
(Hilgard and Hilgard)
Through relaxation and the use of a specific pain control induction in hypnosis the client would learn to control the intensity of the pain. With regular use, over several sessions and home treatments the client would more easily reduce symptoms of the pain. It would be essential to incorporate relaxation and focus on reducing anxiety for the treatment to be effective. As the pain became more manageable I would expect the client’s anxiety levels to reduce. As fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition the regular use of the relaxation induction would help prevent the stress which in turn weakens the body’s defence against pain.
As the symptoms of Fybromyalgia affect the client on a psychological and emotional level, the most prevalent of these would have been identified during initial consultation process or during subsequent treatment sessions. These issues could then be addressed by use of positive affirmations with reference to motivation toward realistic goals and self esteem, spoken in the induction and suggested for repetition throughout his/her daily routine.
I would use a pain control induction which contained positive imagery, where the client watches the pain undergo a transformation from a symbol of discomfort (like a burning red ball) to symbol that is no longer threatening or harmful (a small ball that gradually changes to a cool blue and disappears).
Another method that could be used in the reduction of pain for a client with fibromyalgia is to suggest that at the onset of pain they can just imagine leaving their aching body behind and leave the room and the pain behind them. Erickson gives the example of a client who was sick and would suffer periodically from agonising pain. He suggested to her that at the onset of pain she go into a trance state and take herself away mentally from her sick body.
She would go into her wheelchair and into the next room and watch TV while her painful body remained in the bedroom.
Hadly and Staudacher state that there are three specific objectives for pain control to achieve a reduction or elimination of pain: 1 You will transform alter or displace your pain 2 You will directly address your pain and suggest that it decrease 3 You will direct your attention away from you pain and experience the benefits of tranquil peaceful imagery

(Hypnosis for change p 143)
They recommend a deep relaxation to reduce stress and anxiety which includes a muscle relaxation and stress reduction. The pain should then be transformed into a specific visible form to make it less ambiguous and more controllable. As the pain can be controlled it can be intensified or reduced in intensity. Visualisations could involve walking away from the pain, focusing on a specific area and using imagery to heal it, numbing the affected area or focusing on positive images to direct attention away from pain.
As a result of the hypnosis I would expect the client to enjoy a better quality of life, with more energy, increased ability to relax and so improved sleeping patterns.
A greater sense of control, motivation, self esteem, and confidence, and over all a greater sense of self efficacy.
In conclusion it is clear that whilst hypnotherapy cannot treat or cure fibromyalgia it can provide a valuable tool in pain management especially when combined with other treatments. It also empowers the client to become stronger mentally and emotionally as he/she acknowledges the transition from previous practical and physical abilities to the acceptance of the current situation and his/her perception of it.
If the client is open to the success of the treatment then this will influence the treatment outcome.
If the client is willing and the therapist is well equipped, then the possibilities of assisting a fibromyalgia patient through pain management, emotional and personal difficulties with the use of hypnotherapy is immense.

Hadley J and Staudacher C Hypnosis for Change third edition Harbinger Publications 1996
Heap M Hypnotherapy A Handbook Second edition McGraw Hill 2012
Hilgard E and Hilgard J Hypnosis in the Relief of Pain
Module 8 Chrysalis Psychotherapeutic Counselling Year One (

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Useof Hypnotherapy to Treat Osteoarthrithis

...Choose a medical condition that interest you and research it. Write about the possible use of hypnosis in the treatment of the condition as you see it. Osteoarthritis The condition I have chosen is Osteoarthritis (OA). Arthritis means inflammation of the joints and osteoarthritis is the most common form In UK. It affects the joint cartilage and the bone tissue next to the cartilage. To appreciate the effect of this we need firstly to understand how the joint works. A joint is where two bones meet. Joints allow movement and flexibility of various parts of the body. The movement of the bones is caused by muscles which pull on tendons that are attached to bone. Cartilage is a hard, smooth tissue that covers the end of bones. Between the cartilages of two bones which form a joint, there is a small amount of thick fluid called synovial fluid. This fluid lubricates the joint which allows smooth movement between the bones. The synovial fluid is made by the synovium. This is the tissue that surrounds the joint. The outer part of the synovium is called the capsule. This is tough and helps to give the joint stability. Surrounding ligaments and muscles also help to give support and stability to joints. We know need to understand how osteoarthritis is caused. All normal joints and joint tissues are constantly undergoing some form of repair because of the wear and tear that is placed on them through our daily activities. However,......

Words: 2770 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

What Is Hypnosis

...“What is Hypnosis?” Describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis and discuss the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy. Main Essay Introduction; In this essay I intend to provide a brief history and background to hypnosis, cover both the psychological and physical aspect of hypnosis and conclude with the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy. Hypnosis has frequently been linked with the strange and mysterious, it could also be argued that it has been discredited by entertainers. The truth is that hypnosis isn’t the least bit mysterious or supernatural. In fact, we all have been in an hypnotic state probably thousands of times. We don’t notice it because it seems like such a natural state of mind and the hypnotic state is natural for all humans and many animals. The history of hypnosis is full of contradictions. On the one hand, the history of hypnosis is a bit like the history of breathing. Like breathing, hypnosis is an inherent and universal trait, shared and experienced by all human beings since the dawn of time. On the other hand, it’s only in the last few decades that we’ve come to realise that hypnosis itself hasn’t changed for thousands of years, but our understanding of it and our ability to control it has changed quite profoundly. The history of hypnosis then is really the history of this change in perception. Many people have concerns that hypnosis could make them do something that they would not normally do, something embarrassing, shocking or......

Words: 2140 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Choose a Medical Condition

... Firstly, Sciatica is the name given to any sort of pain that is caused by irritation or compression of the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve is the longest nerve in your body. It runs from the back of your pelvis, through your buttocks, and all the way down both legs, ending at your feet. When something compresses or irritates the sciatic nerve, it can cause a pain that radiates out from your lower back and travels down your leg to your calf. Sciatic pain can range from being mild to very painful. A slipped disc is the most common identified cause of sciatica, but in some cases there is no obvious cause. Less common causes include spinal stenosis (narrowing of the nerve passages in the spine), injury, infection or a growth in the spine. Most people find their sciatic pain goes away naturally within a few days or weeks, but medical advice should be sought if any other symptoms are experienced together with back and leg pain, such as weight loss or loss of bladder or bowel control, or if increasingly more pain and discomfort is experienced or pain is too severe to manage with self-help measures. Acute sciatic pain occurs suddenly and usually heals within several days to weeks. Its severity relates directly to the extent of tissue injury and resolves with over time. It is often called acute mechanical back pain, because the source of the pain may be in the spinal joints, discs, vertebrae, or soft tissues. Chronic sciatic pain, on the other hand, persists (lasts more than...

Words: 2181 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

How to Treat Ibs Using Hypnosis

...of 25 – 45 and females are more affected than males. However this condition can cause problems at any age to both sexes and ethnicity may be a factor to be considered. For example data for Pakistan shows that males between 16-30 have a higher rate of IBS. There are many symptoms that many IBS suffers endure such as: Feeling and being sick by vomiting Diarrhoea Constipation Pain in the abdomen Bloating/wind Feeling that you haven’t fully emptied all faeces from the rectum Stress and anxiety Depression to list a few. This condition causes great problems with the sufferer as it can destroy and disrupt their day to day life. Before a person with IBS and a hypnotherapist work together the IBS patient should have already seen a GP and consequently been diagnosed. An ethical hypnotherapist would need to know that all other, more serious conditions such as bowel cancer, have been ruled out and that the problem is IBS for a fact. The doctor should have already ruled out thyroid problems, colon cancer, inflammatory bowel disease as these problems present similar symptoms such as abdominal pain and unusual defecation. There are other possible symptoms that are not necessarily related to the gut area and these have been listed as Headaches Backache Tiredness Urinary symptoms Some people experience constipation whereas others will have...

Words: 2225 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

What Is Hypnosis

...What is hypnosis? Aileen McCartney Hypnotherapy and Counselling Skills – Year One - Module One MAIDS1A 12 Word Count: 1984 Tutor: Karen Martin Hypnosis is a well known subject to most people, very often through the drama of the stage or television hypnotist. However, the hypnotic trance is a natural phenomenon that most people will have experienced personally, whether aware of it at the time or not. An example of this might be driving a car along a regular route and arriving at the destination with no memory of the journey, having performed the activity safely and reliably while in another sense being quite detached from the experience. This altered level of consciousness is the starting point for the hypnotic process through an induction which focuses on relaxation, inner experiences, feelings and imagery (Heap & Naish, 2012: 7). It is generally accepted that hypnosis is a different experience to that of being awake or being asleep but debate remains over its true nature within academic and scientific circles (Karle & Boys, 2010:14). This essay will discuss the nature of hypnosis, focusing on the psychological and physical aspects while touching on the role of relaxation. Hypnosis is a complex psychological phenomenon and one which is difficult to find an agreed definition for. Indeed the American Psychological Association definition of hypnosis in 2003 is almost 300 words long but centres around hypnosis being a procedure of suggestions where...

Words: 3691 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay


...functioning where the dreamer has the awareness that he is dreaming. This state is said to be conducive for gaining insight into and awareness of the unconscious and is a technique in mystic training. 3. Hypnosis This state is characterized by increased suggestibility and surrender of one's will. HYPNOSIS Hypnosis is a mental state or imaginative role-enactment it is usually induced by a procedure known as a hypnotic induction, which is commonly composed of a long series of preliminary instructions and suggestions. Hypnotic suggestions may be delivered by a hypnotist in the presence of the subject, or may be self-administered ("self-suggestion" or "autosuggestion"). The use of hypnotism for therapeutic purposes is referred to as "hypnotherapy", while its use as a form of entertainment for an audience is known as "stage hypnosis". Hypnosis has often been carved into two separate elements - 'Trance' and Suggestion Figure: Separation of hypnotic 'trance' and suggestion can be a useful way of thinking about the effects of hypnosis THEORIES OF HYPNOSIS There are three major theories of hypnosis used for research – the Social Cognitive perspective, Neo...

Words: 3444 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Hypnosis Past and Present

...This essay will be answering the question 'What is Hypnosis?'. It will describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis and will be discussing the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy. It will give a brief history of hypnosis. It will look back over the century's to the many people who have influenced the progression of hypnosis, to how it is seen and practiced to this day. It will discuss the role of relaxation and what happens to achieve relaxation. What is Hypnosis? Hypnosis is nothing new, in fact it has been widely practiced since the early 1700”s Most people are familiar with the term 'mesmerized', which in fact came from an Australian doctor named Franz Anton Mesmer who lived from 1733-1815 (1) Mesmer had a theory that he could heal people with the use of magnets and Franziska Osterlin was his first patient in 1774, followed shortly in 1777 to a young lady musician who had been born blind and was unable to be treated by any doctor. Mesmer did in fact restore the ladies site but in the process she lost the ability to play the piano. Mesmer was accused of magic and was forced to leave Austria. (2) Mesmer moved to France and by the 1780's he moved away from using magnets and instead used a 'healing tree'. He was evaluated by King Louis XVI who concluded that his results were due to individual fantasy and in 1785 he was forced to leave the city where for the next 30 years he lived a secluded life. (2) Shortly before Mesmers death in 1815 he was visited......

Words: 2227 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

“What Is Hypnosis?” Describe the Psychological and Physical Aspects of Hypnosis and Discuss the Role of Relaxation in Hypnotherapy.

...Hypnotherapy is the mechanism used to access the unconscious mind and hypnosis is the induction of a trancelike state, resembling sleep, usually induced by a therapist and where the subject's receptivity to the power of suggestion is dramatically increased. According to The British Medical Association and the American Medical Association hypnosis is, "a temporary condition of altered attention in the subject that may be induced by another person.” Contrary to popular belief being in a state of hypnosis is not the same as being asleep. The uses of hypnosis in medicine and psychology include the modification or elimination of undesirable behaviour, such as smoking, and the treatment of certain chronic disorders, (anxiety), and phobias towards all sorts of everyday encounters, (spiders). In order to appreciate the whole area of hypnotherapy and how hypnosis is understood in the modern sense it is important to give a brief insight its history as hypnosis has been used for thousands of years for the purpose of healing and general well being. In ancient times hypnosis took many different forms, all making use of deep relaxation and trance to aid in the healing process. It wasn’t until the 1700’s, however, that Franz Anton Mesmer (1734-1815), a Viennese scientist believed that there was a cosmic liquid that flowed between people and as this was stimulated by magnets could be transmitted to others. He called this animal magnetism and even though there was no firm evidence that...

Words: 1936 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

"Choose a Medical Condition That Interests You and Research It. Write About the Possible Uses of Hypnosis in the Treatment of the Condition as You See Them.

..."Choose a medical condition that interests you and research it. Write about the possible uses of hypnosis in the treatment of the condition as you see them. Induction I have choosen to look at eczema for this essay. It is something that affects me personally. Eczema is a fairly common skin condition. It is an innflamation of the upper layers of the skin. It is seen mostly in children and affects around 1 in 12 adults. There does seem to be a link between eczema, hay fever and asthma, and as yet there is no known cure for it. Atopic eczema is a genetic condition based on the interaction between a number of genes and environmental factors. In most cases there will be a family history of either eczema or one of the other ‘atopic’ conditions i.e asthma or hay fever. The symptoms of ezcema can vary from being dry, itchy and inflamed to being broken and bleeding and raw. Ezcema is linked to stress levels in people and people who suffer with ezcema can develop anxiety around the way it looks and disfigures the skin, which in turn creates greater stress levels and ultimately leads to the eczema getting worse. It can be a viscious cycle. There is not a lot of research done into the power of hypnosis and other therapies such as meditation linked to eczema. The word eczema comes from the Greek word “ekzein” which means “to boil". The most successful treatment with eczema is steriod creams and ointments, one of the main problems with eczema is its extrememly itchy and......

Words: 1578 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Lo1 Understanding Complimentary Therapy

...LO1 Understand Complimentary therapies that can be used by users of health and social care. P1 Complimentary therapy means a different or alternative way of treating or preventing illness without the intake of drugs which involves healing practices. Classification of complimentary therapies. Physical therapy: This is a type of therapy which involve es exercises and other physical activities done on the body to improve health. This physical therapy includes; Acupuncture: this a physical therapy that involves the use of fine pins inserted in the skin at specific points along the meridians. This therapy adjusts the body energy flow into healthier patterns. But if the acupuncturist is not a qualified one then aim of the acupuncture might not be obtained. There are twelve primary acupuncture meridians that flow throughout the body, these acupuncture flow one into another; coupled together like two end of a hose. These paths ensure an even flow throughout the area of the body. Acupuncture points are locations along the meridians where the energy in that meridian merges and can be accused and affected. The effect of a point is done through stimulation with needles inserted into the defined location. Stimulation of the point is done through by the application of mechanical actions; heat or slight electrical micro-current can be applied on the needle. Before acupuncture is done the acupuncturist examines the patient first and asses the condition of the body. It is also......

Words: 4947 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

What Is Hypnosis

...Hypnosis?” Describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis and discuss the role of relaxation in Hypnotherapy. “What is Hypnosis?” Describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis and discuss the role of relaxation in Hypnotherapy. Hypnosis is hard to define as there is much debate and discussion regarding its nature and its true effects. It can be argued that each individual’s experience of hypnosis is unique to them, different people for example are considered to be more susceptible to hypnosis than others and therefore it is hard to measure or assess. Hypnosis itself has developed over time and explanations and evidence provided have been dependent on the scientific and psychological methods of the time. Hypnosis in its most general terms can be described as ‘a relaxed and focused state of concentration brought about through the use of set techniques. These techniques are thought to enhance concentration and increase an individual’s responsiveness to suggestion in order to make beneficial changes to a person’s thought patterns, behaviour or their physiological state’ (Chrysalis, 2010, p 9). In this essay I will first give a very brief account of the history of the practice of hypnosis and then go on to describe the psychological and physical aspects of it. In the last section of the essay I will discuss the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy. Hypnosis in some form or another can be found throughout history and within different cultures. One of......

Words: 2225 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

“What Is Hypnosis?” Describe the Psychological and Physical Aspects of Hypnosis and Discuss the Role of Relaxation in Hypnotherapy

...In this essay I will be explaining “what is hypnosis” by looking through various literature sources, internet sources and by using my own knowledge, I will include a brief history of hypnosis to aid this. I will then go on to describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis, followed by discussing the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy. Hypnosis is a state of mind achieved using a set of techniques. The hypnotic state is natural for all human beings. Hypnosis enhances an individual’s concentration which increases their responsiveness to suggestion; this is due to when being in a hypnotic state the subconscious is the one that is more responsive to suggestion than when you are in a fully conscious state. The suggestion will travel directly to the subconscious where it will help the individual to make the necessary changes in their thought patterns, behaviours or physiological state. The history of hypnosis goes back as far as ancient Egypt, Australian aborigines, North American Indians and Hindu cultures; history indicates that every culture has used hypnosis in one form or another (Chrysalis 2010). In the 1700’s, an Austrian doctor called Franz Anton Mesmer recognised ancient healing techniques and used them in his theories. These theories included animal magnetism and a belief that cosmic fluid could be stored in inanimate objects such as magnets, and transferred to patients to cue them of any......

Words: 1718 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Unit 23

...Acupuncture Acupuncture is a treatment derived from ancient Chinese medicine in which fine needles are inserted at certain points in the body for therapeutic or preventative purposes. It is often seen as a form of complementary or alternative medicine, although it is used in many general practises as well as the majority of pain clinics and hospices in the UK. Western medicine is the use of acupuncture after a proper diagnosis. It is based on scientific evidence that show the treatment can stimulate nerves under the skin and in muscle tissue. This results in the body producing pain and relieving substances such as endorphins. Acupuncture practitioners sometimes called acupuncturists use acupuncture to treat a wide range of health conditions such as headaches, lower back pain but sometimes used in an attempt to help people with conditions such as anxiety to asthma. The national institute for health and care excellence only recommends considering acupuncture as a treatment option for chronic lower back pain, chronic tension type headaches and migraines. When it is carried out by a qualified practitioner. Acupuncture is generally very safe and some people may experience some side effects such has feeling drowsy or dizzy but these are usually mild and short lived. Acupuncture is available on the NHS most often from GP’s or physiotherapist although access is limited. Most acupuncture patients pay for private treatment. The cost varies widely between practitioners. Initial...

Words: 4194 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

The Use of the Permissive Induction Will Always Be More Effective

...statement is true. Always is a metaphor, therefore it is a given and will happen. In some clients this may be true, but not always. The type of client, the type of hypnotherapy required and the state of mind of the client will also have factors to play. A personalised induction allows for a more personal approach but in many cases this may not be possible. Hypnosis is used for a wide range of problems; weight loss, smoking, stress and phobias to name but a few. Generic hypnotherapy materials include CDs, DVDs, books all of which highly marketable and widely available on line or on the high street. By mass marketing the therapist can reach a larger audience and potentially achieve a larger profit with a relatively small amount of time and effort required. By doing this however there is no option for personalising material and the purchaser has no choice but to accept the tone and style suggested by the hypnotist. Looking at the huge variety of hypnotherapy materials on the market, it seems to me that they are working for people and that the use of personalised inductions is not always necessary. In an initial consultation between client and hypnotherapist, the hypnotherapist will have no prior knowledge of the client and after a brief interview very little information. The client may want to have a hypnotherapy session straight away and this is where a generic induction can work. It may become an ice breaker for clients who may want help but are hesitant......

Words: 2178 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Discuss the Relationship Between Stress, Anxiety, Habits and Phobias and Describe How You Would Treat These Issues with Hypnotherapy

...Discuss the relationship between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias and describe how you would treat these issues with hypnotherapy  Introduction In this essay I will be looking at the relationship between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias and the ways that they may affect people. I will then outline ways in which I could use hypnotherapy to treat people who may have these issues. Stress, anxiety, habits and phobias are disorders that share a certain amount of common ground and can be related to each other. Understanding the commonalities and differences between these issues and how they may affect my clients will help me to work with them to develop the most appropriate treatment plan for them. In order to outline ways to treat these, I will first define what each one is and how it affects individuals. Stress Stress is the name given to how we feel under pressure. It is often considered a modern day affliction, in fact stress is a natural reaction and a normal part of everyday life, which in small quantities can actually be helpful to motivate us to react in certain situations. Feeling too much stress over a prolonged period is unhealthy for the mind and body. People feel stressed when they are angry, frustrated or upset, and that can be debilitating and depressing, leading to an unhealthy emotional state In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental tension. Stresses can be external (from the......

Words: 2035 - Pages: 9