Free Essay

Painting Styles

In: Other Topics

Submitted By shabrika
Words 693
Pages 3
Painting Styles 1

Painting Styles

Shabrika Hollie

Art/101

09/15/11

Shawn Fornari

Painting Styles 2

Artists from all forms of art have been recognized for the styles in which they use. With the art form of painting there are several styles of which an artist has to choose from but some styles were adopted because of the time of which an artist lived. In the Gothic era most artists including architects adopted this style because it was popular especially in European countries. On the other hand artists have adopted art styles that are no longer the norm including those founded over a hundred years before their time. Three styles that have both similarities and differences and are decades to hundreds of years old are the Neoclassicism, Impressionism, and Abstract Expressionism styles of painting.

The Neoclassicism style that developed in France during the late eighteenth century consisted of the revival of the ancient Classical ideals. One artist named Jaques-Louis David acquired his with the Neoclassicism (New Classicism) style during this era. Louis’s painting, Oath of the Haratii, because it became a symbol of Roman heroic stoicism and its high principles. According to Benton & DiYanni (2008), “All of the figures are accurately drawn, carefully modeled in cold light, as solid as a sculpture”. Another famous painting by Louis is the Napoleon in His Study that was created in 1812. Napoleon Bonaparte was Emperor of France at the time of the painting that shows his proudly standing in his study. In addition, you can see Napoleon’s sword, a grandfather clock, and what appears to be a rolled copy of one of his most accomplished work the Napoleonic Code. This code created by Napoleon while in power was adopted as a uniformed system of law for the entire country. This painting of Napoleon and Oath of the Haratii is a reflection of this time in history because of David’s using the new form of Classicism and the spoke of the issues citizens of France had with its Emperor and his court.

Painting Styles 3

Impressionism like Neoclassic art style also arrived in the mid 1800’s. Benton & Diyanni (2008) defines this style as “soughting to portray a fleeting view of the world, usually by applying paint in short strokes and of pure color. A painting within what is known as the Phillips Collection, The Luncheon of the Boating Party by Pierre-Auguste Renoir is one of the most famous works during the height of this style. Impressionist painters used oil paints, dark backgrounds, and nature’s transitory light or weather conditions which Renoir displayed in this painting. The Phillips Collection website (2011) states, “The painting reflects the changing character of French society in the mid- to late 19th century. The restaurant welcomed customers of many classes, including businessmen, society women, artists, actresses, writers, critics, seamstresses, and shop girls. This diverse group embodied a new, modern Parisian society”. Duncan Phillips purchased this painting of Renoir in 1923 and added it to his art collection which he placed in the Phillips Memorial Art Gallery he and his mother founded in 1921.

Abstract Expressionism is a style developed in the United States in the mid twentieth century. This particular style focused more on an artist’s emotional interaction with his or her work of art. An artist by the name of Jackson Polluck created a painting that clearly defined this style of painting, Autumn Rhythm: Number 30. Polluck uses three different colors, brown, black, and white in a splattered, paint drips, and flung motions. In addition there seemed to be no central theme but shows the “movement” of the artist and reflected Polluck’s expressive state while creating of this piece. This movement in the arts was a clear result of the Existentialism philosophy that was adopted in the United States that stressed freedom of choice and responsibility for one’s actions.

Painting Styles 4

References

Benton, J. & Diyanni, R. (2008). Arts and Culture: An Introduction to the Humanities.

Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

The Phillips Collection. (2011). Luncheon of the Boating Party. Retrieved from

http://www.phillipscollection.org/collection/boating/index.aspx

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Painting Style

...notice that it is in the style of neoclassicism. It’s obvious because it pulls from the western style of the Greeks. This style was created to show a classic style based off of the Roman and Greek background. In this painting the part that is most eye catching is the way the chair is portrayed. There are sharp edges and it lacks pastel colors. Even though it is obvious that Napoleon is in the painting your eye goes straight to the striking depiction of the chair first. In the second painting The Luncheon of the Boating Party, by Pierre-Auguste Renoir there is the style of impressionism. Being the artist that developed this style of art Renoir focused on the personal and honest of his subjects. Renoir’s paintings contain vibrant colors and light and airy brush strokes that come together beautifully. The Luncheon of the Boating Party in its entirety appears to be a very busy painting. When a closer look is take you notice that the activities are detailed and add a sense of lively hood to the painting. This painting shows how Renoir saw his world at the time and that he was a very detail orientated artist. The clothing styles, activities occurring, and food being consumed was drawn in such a way that it felt as if you were there experiencing the scene yourself. Lastly Jackson Pollock’s painting Autumn Rhythm is a perfect example of abstract impressionists. Pollock has a different approach when creating his work; He liked to be “inside” his paintings and would lay his......

Words: 462 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Painting Styles

...Painting Styles Chiquita M. Thomas ART/101 Instructor: Ann Wood July 27, 2014 Painting Styles “Neoclassicism is the movement that shaped the thought, minds, and civic ideals of Americans for 150 years” ("Neoclassicism", 2010). “Neoclassicism was a revived interest in classical forms and ideas that saturated European and American intellectual thought, fine arts and politics during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries” ("Neoclassicism", 2010). “Neoclassicism was a transatlantic phenomenon” ("Neoclassicism", 2010). Neoclassical artist seem to not have shown emotion in the artwork from the look on Napoleons face. “Careful examination of the details embedded in this portrait reveals the key to David's success as a painter during the time of Louis XVI, Robespierre, and Napoleon: the artist's ability to transform his subjects into politically powerful icons” (Kress, 2014). “Napoleon is standing in the center of the room wearing is military uniform” (Kress, 2014). “David strategically placed the sword on the chair to allude to Napoleon's military success, while the prominent display of the word "Code" in his papers, suggests his administrative achievements” (Kress, 2014). “Impressionism is a 19th century artistic movement that swept much of the painting and sculpture styles of the period” ("Impressionism Art of Impressionist", 2012). “It was not just a passing fad but has defined an entirely modern way of expressing one’s artistry that eventually rubbed of in other art forms......

Words: 767 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Development of Naturalistic Style: Italian Painting

...Development of Naturalistic Style: Italian Painting Byzantine art was prominent from the 5th century up until the 14th century, extracting influence from ancient Greece. Although, in the early 14th century, the Italian artists began to break out of that style of art and began a new naturalistic style. From the 1300s and on, this new style began to spread its influence throughout Italy, while still retaining some traces of maniera greca .This transition from Greek style, seen in Bonaventura Berlinghieri’s work St. Francis ( Church of San Francesco of Pescia), of c. 1236, to a more naturalistic style used partly in Cimabue’s work Virgin and Child Enthroned ( Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence) of c. 1280, and more clearly and deliberately in Giotto’s Virgin and Child Enthroned ( Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence) of c. 1305-1310, seems to come to a halt, or even revert back to maniera greca, when we look at a work of art done in Russia in the early 16th century. This work of art is known as the Enthroned Mother of God with Saints (The Menil Collection, Houston). Maniera greca is used to describe art that is derived from ancient Greece. Some of the most common aesthetic qualities are deep contrasts of highlights and shadows, gilding, lack of naturalistic qualities, and the use of icons. One of the most popular examples of classic Byzantine style is the work done by Bonaventura Berlinghieri in 1236, St. Francis, which incorporates common aspects of maniera greca. Berlinghieri...

Words: 1477 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Art and Its Aspects

...Essay Revolution Of Art On the Bank of the Seine, Bennecourt by the French painter Claude Monet is one of the few great paintings that truly embody Impressionism. Claude Monet painted mainly with oil paints and canvas, using very characteristic small strokes and dabs of paint. Many of his paintings transmit a tranquil, soft feeling to the beholder because of this. He generally didn't use strongly contrasting colors or very strong colors. On the Bank of the Seine, Bennecourt was painted in 1868 on the Seine River in the Northwestern Portion of France. This painting depicts Monet’s future wife, Camille Doncieux, gazing across the Seine River at a village not too far off in the distance. The ability this painting has to capture the eye is amazing and unique, and allows you to fully appreciate the Impressionist Art Movement. The scene that is portrayed here is one of a woman sitting on the grass above banks of the River Seine. The woman’s hat is on her right hand side and both are covered in a patch of shade. To her left hand side is an enormous tree that provides the shade for her and the lawn. The woman is looking away ahead with her back turned towards us. In the river ahead you can see a couple in a small boat rowing down the river. You can also see the reflection of the house in the house in the water that is covered by the trees. This painting has a fresh and relaxed tone/feeling to itself. My initial reaction was impressed. I feel as Claude did an excellent job......

Words: 1499 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Allegory with Venus and Cupid

...Agnolo di Cosimo who was more commonly known as Bronzino created Allegory with Venus and Cupid around the mid 1540’s. This painting is considered one of the strangest paintings in the sixteenth century but is also a prime example of Mannerist art. The painting has also been identified as “Triumph of Venus” and “Venus, Cupid, Folly and Time”. It is an oil on panel painting measuring 57 ½ x 46”, and is housed in the national gallery in London, England today. Bronzino was born in Florence, Italy, and began his painting career first as the student of Raffaellino del Garbo, and later the apprenctice of Jacopo Pontormo. Pontormo’s mannerist style had a great influnece on Bronzino who worked by his side not only as his apprentice but also as his partner so to speak in the cloister at the Certosa di Galluzzo. While working with Pontormo, Bronzino developed a style of mannerism that was more literal and his response to the subject-matter less sensitive, unlike his master. During the 1530’s Bronzino achieved his greatest distinction as a portrait painter, and by the early 1540s he had become the leading exponent in Florence. There are seven figures whose identities have left many scholars at great debate, two masks and a dove that takes up the foreground plane. When examined individually each figure exaggerates poses in a graceful almost dance like form, known as "figura serpentinata" (a 'serpentine' or spiralling) pose, which was ideal for mannerist artwork. Venus while......

Words: 1695 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Thdisme

...lot of her works.(ole Miss) She does a lot of landscape painting that include people, animals, and nature. She was basically a self-taught artist besides taking a few classes at the University(ole Miss). Theora Hamblett’s INSERT TITLE HERE, is a painting and paint is the medium used.  The dimensions of this piece are INSERT SIZE HERE.  The pointillist technique is used and Hamblett is known for using this technique in her other paintings as well. There are a variety of colors used in the piece including green, violet, blue, white, black, red-violet and yellow. There is a mix between warm and cool colors but the overall composition feels very warm and inviting.The warm colors mix with the cool colors gives the painting some extra depth. Color is very important to me when critiquing artwork because it has such a powerful effect on the mood. The mood of this piece is happy and joyful and she uses the right colors to help enhance that mood.Less than ten colors are used here, but the color palette is very bright and the colors stand out against each other.  The four trees take up most of the composition and drawer the viewer in to see the circle of women standing underneath the trees.I would say the focal point of the piece is in the center of the circle of women, but I find that my eyes drift around the trees when I view it. The style or brush stroke to create the trees in her work is brilliant by far the best technique or style that she uses in the composition. While the trees......

Words: 985 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Vincent Van Gogh - Self Portrait with Bandaged Ear

...Self Portrait with Bandaged Ear by Vincent van Gogh 1889 Oil on Canvas a. Describe the subject matter of each of these two paintings [10] The subject matter of both paintings is self portrait, in which case would be Affandi and van Gogh respectively. In Affandi’s Self Portrait, the subject matter depicted is like the title aptly puts, himself, albeit in a more unconventional and abstracted manner. This is as opposed to the more realistic manner in which van Gogh has depicted himself in Self Portrait with Bandaged Ear. In Self Portrait, Affandi has characterised himself as a semi-abstracted figure against a plain background, with the highly detailed face in stark contrast with his torso, which as suggested by its dark green contour only (without any colouring within), appears to only be vaguely apparent. Affandi also seems to be placing extreme focus on the human emotions or mood, presumably meant to be conveyed by the extremely detailed expression on the face that he has painted. In fact,everything is lumped together (in fact, most of the colours used) on the face in his painting. Upon closer examination, one would find that Affandi’s face as depicted in this work is actually more of a mass of red rather than anything else, and lined with blobs of different colours (namely yellow and green) presumably to represent the hair. Details on the face are not clearly made out, rather only a faint outline of the eyebrows, eyes and nose is apparent. This is as opposed to Self......

Words: 1160 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Art History Paper 1

...and Society: Renaissance to Modern Art Art History Paper Assignment 1 The Era of the Italian Renaissance was a time of reawakening of the Renaissance man. The arts, sciences, philosophy, and man being master of many things were all resurgence during this time. One particular painting to be analyzed for an example of Southern Italian style is Giuliano Burgiardini, Madonna and Child with St. John the Baptist, 510. Giuliano Burgiardini painting conveys the typical Southern Italian style with its composition in a pyramidal fashion, the particular way the bodies are depicted, and use of chiaroscuro of shadowing that differentiates it from Northern style. To continue on forth, the composition of the painting must be taken into account as well as Giuliano use of color, light and shadow as evidence of Southern Italian style. It must be noted, the painting is considered historical because it is depicting a significant event in time whether or not the event actually took place. In this particular historical painting you see depicted Mary and Christ with Saint John the Baptist in a pyramidal formation. The pyramidal formation and the fact that there are 3 figures were often seen in Southern Italian style. You can see Christ and St. John the Baptist as the corner base of the triangle and the head of Mary at the apex (Giuliano). A straight line can almost be drawn from the foot of Christ up to the head of Mary down to the foot of St. John the Baptist back to the foot of Christ to......

Words: 1158 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Analyzing Fete Champetre

...In 1730, the painting titled Fête Champetre was created by Jean-Baptiste Pater using the medium of oil on canvas. This work of art depicts the visual elements of color, light, line, composition, and space, all of which correspond to the conventions of its Rococo artistic movement. After Baroque art lost its popularity, it was replaced with Rococo art. The French Monarch named King Louis the XIV, who lived at the Palace of Versailles, was very interested in classical styles and classical conventions before Rococo art became known (Rococo lecture notes). When the king passed away in 1717, the Rococo style came to light. Because his son was too young to rule, a Duke relative took over as the temporary ruler, and moved the aristocracy to Paris, France (Rococo art lecture). By doing so, more French conventions were established and their art moved away from classical styles to the Rococo style. The Rococo style depicts the well-dressed French aristocracy doing leisurely things in a park or country setting, which is known as fête galante (Stokstad, 1141) Color plays a role in this two-dimensional artwork. Like many other Rococo paintings, Fête Champetre shows the use of pastel colors. One of the key Rococo conventions was pastel pinks and greens (Rococo art lecture), which acts as the overall color scheme in this panting, though there are other colors, too. The pastel pinks and greens can be seen in the trees and some of the clothing on the people. Another color style portrayed......

Words: 1091 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Realism Art

...19th centuries. Seeking to be undistorted by personal bias, Realism believed in the ideology of objective reality and revolted against the exaggerated emotionalism of the Romantic movement. Truth and accuracy became the goals of many Realists. Many paintings depicted people at work, underscoring the changes wrought by the Industrial and Commercial Revolutions. The popularity of such 'realistic' works grew with the introduction of photography, a new visual source that created a desire for people to produce representations which look “objectively real.” Thereafter this new approach to representing the figure grew and new forms such as American realism and social realism where introduced to the art world. Therefore in view of this i will be looking at the American realist Edward Hopper and the realist painter Lucian Freud. Both these artists where at the forefront of modern art and both took different approaches to representing the figure even though both are classed under the same title of realists. Edward Hopper was an American realist, who sought to portray American urban and rural life during a period of hard times. Although he has been given the title of a realist his artistic style does not completely comply with his soft approach and simplified details, thus he is depicting what is...

Words: 1204 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Res351 Week 5

...Roman Art – The Identity of an Empire Christina Kapua ARTS/100 April 18, 2013 Taurie Kinoshita Roman Art – The Identity of an Empire The Romans ingeniously display majestic art while incorporating function and purpose to build an empire. The Romans had many forms in which they created art. They adorned their city, homes, and palaces with paintings, sculptures, and grand architectural structures. Rome admired and emulated the artistry of the Greek, Egyptians, and Celtic designs. They learned engineering techniques from the Etruscans that has developed Rome’s historical development and style. With its influence of other cultures, Romans have established its own characteristics of ancient classical Rome, which has carved a pathway to many forms of artwork in the past and present time. The different genre that Rome has influenced is two-dimensional arts, sculpture, and architecture; with significant contributors, such as Michelangelo Buonarroti and Gian Lorenzo Benini. Historical Development and Evolution of Style Influenced by the Etruscans and inspired by the Greeks, the Romans artistry evolved to display realism and power. Romans learned practical and advanced engineering techniques from the Etruscans that began the groundwork for the vast buildings built to serve the needs of a growing population. After the overthrow of Greece majority of their artwork, and sculptures were brought back to Rome to adorn their city and palaces. Many Greek artists migrated to Rome to......

Words: 2078 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Art History Outline

...(Oil and Gold on wood) Pietro Buonaccorsi – The holy family with the infant Saint John the baptist (Oil on wood) Bronzino – Portrait of a young man. (Oil on wood) Bachiacca – Madonna and Child (Oil and gold on wood) I chose these artworks because I am fascinated with the perception they had about “Rebirth” and their method to express it throughout art with their contemporary scientific knowledge. I also chose them to get the opportunity to learn more about this style (Renaissance) because I find it one of the most interesting styles ever to roam through the earth. -Raphael – The agony in the Garden (Oil on wood), Renaissance This piece shows Christ praying in the garden before his arrest with his disciples asleep around him. The small angel holding the chalice was an afterthought, replacing an earlier idea to have the chalice sit alone on the rocky hill. Raphael used not many colors in this masterpiece. Colors are low key rather than high key. There is more happening on the right side of the painting meaning that it has more visual weight but the contrast created with the colors of the disciples clothing it draws your attention to the other corner of the canvas. The focal point of this piece is the image of Christ praying. The mood of the work is peaceful, the peace before storm. -Raphael – Madonna and child enthroned with saints. (Oil and Gold on wood) Raphael painted this...

Words: 1081 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

English Text High School

...选修6课文 1 A SHORT HISTORY OF WESTERN PAINTING Art is influenced by the customs and faith of a people. Styles in Western art have changed many times. As there are so many different styles of Western art, it would be impossible to describe all of them in such a short text. Consequently, this text will describe only the most important ones, starting from the sixth century AD. The Middle Ages (5th to the 15th century AD) During the Middle Ages, the main aim of painters was to represent religious themes. A conventional artist of this period was not interested in showing nature and people as they really were. A typical picture at this time was full of religious symbols, which created feeling of respect and love for God. But it was evident that ideas were changing in the 13th century when painters like Giotto di Bondone began to paint religious scenes in a more realistic way. The Renaissance (15th to 16th century) During the Renaissance, new ideas and values graduallv replaced those held in the Middle Ages.People began to concentrate less on religious themes and adopt a more humanistic attitude to life. At the same time painters returned to classical Roman and Greek ideas about art. They tried to paint people and nature as they really were. Rich people wanted to possess their own paintings, so they could decorate their superb palaces and great houses. They paid famous artists to paint pictures of themselves, their houses and possessions as well as...

Words: 5305 - Pages: 22

Free Essay

Art History

...Bull-Leaping", and "Interior of the Tomb of the Leopards" are three art pieces that tell the history of its time. The "Hall of the Bulls" was created between 15000-13000 BCE. This painting was done on the wall of a rock in a cave. It is considered the Stone Age style. The subject of this painting is animals primarily bulls. According to Gardner's Art through the Ages historians wondered why the painting consists only of animals. It was later thought that it was a way of having power or control of the animals. The cave in which the painting is in Lascaux, near Montignac, France. Unlike the "Hall of the Bulls" the "Bull-leaping" painting is near Eastern and Egyptian art. The painting was created around 1450-1400 BCE. According to Gardner's Art through the Ages only fragments of the full composition survive. The remainder is a modern restoration. The style of this painting is Greek Knossos. This painting represents people and animals. It depicts the sport of bull leaping. The people in the painting are very agile and revealed to be able to master the animal. A Minoan artist created this painting. The Interior of the "Tomb of the Leopards" is a mural painting dated between 480-470 BCE. This kind of art was produced by Etruscans. They decorated their burial chambers with mural paintings. Only the wealthiest families could afford to have this kind of murals in their burial site. This mural displays men and women enjoying a banquet. The men are dark......

Words: 425 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Last Supper

...The Last Supper, by Leonardo da Vinci, is one of the most famous works of art in the world. This painting represents the religious ceremony with Jesus Christ and his 12 disciples. This is the last meal that was shared between him and his disciples before his arrest and his untimely crucifixion. Leonardo was commissioned to execute the painting in the Dominican monastery of this Church by Duke of Milan, Ludovico Sforza. Leonardo da Vinci was an artist, scientist, architect, author, engineer, inventor, and humanist. He was born in 1452 near Vinci in Italy, and died in Amboise, near Tours France in 1519. The Last Supper and the Mona Lisa are his most famous works of art. Although it took a little over three years to complete, da Vinci did not actually work on it continuously. No one knows the exact date of commencement due to lost and unreliable record-keeping but it is said to be started in 1494 and completed sometime in 1498. There is a misconception that The Last Supper is a large fresco style painting but it is not. Fresco is the Italian word for fresh, and that's because painters do fresco painting on fresh, wet plaster walls. That way the colors really sink in to the plaster, and you get a glowing kind of color that is very different from what you would get if you just painted on top of the dry plaster. But da Vinci worked on this for over a year so the wet plaster would not be wet for long which would not allow this work to be done the way it was meant to be. The......

Words: 629 - Pages: 3