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Physiological Measurements

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Danielle Fuller
Unit 335 CA

Physiological measurements

OUTCOME 1: Describe current legislation, national guidelines, organisational policies and protocols affecting work practice.

When taking physiological measurements you have to take into account of the standard precautions. Bullet pointed below are some of the legalisations that relate to taking physiological measurements.

Confidentiality * It is important to think about confidentiality when taking a patients physiological measurements because by law patients notes and details have to be kept private.
Health & Safety Act 1974 * It is important to have knowledge of the health & safety at work act 1974, because this outlines your responsibilities as an employee, some of these include, correct use of work items provided by your employer, for example physiological measurement tools.
Consent
* Consents is a patient’s voluntary agreement for a health care worker to provide care.
It is extremely important to have a patients consent before taking physiological measurements because a competent adult has a right under common law to grant or withhold consent.

OUTCOME 2: Explain the principles of blood pressure to include:
• blood pressure maintenance
• differentiation between systolic and diastolic blood pressure
• normal limits of blood pressure
• conditions of high or low blood pressure

What is a blood pressure?
Blood pressure is measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg). The reading of a blood pressure is given as two numbers, systolic and diastolic. The systolic reading is first which measures the amount of pressure in your arteries during contraction of your heart muscle. The diastolic reading is second, which measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between beats.
A normal blood pressure reading should be between 120-139 for the systolic reading. A systolic blood…...

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