Premium Essay

Power Tower

In: Other Topics

Submitted By vikramkumar22
Words 4934
Pages 20
Power Tower in an Open Pit Mine: called a “Pit Power Tower” (PPT). | | By Jonathan Gwiazda and Francis A. DiBella |

1. Introduction1.2 Problem Statement The number of people and the amount of technology in the world are on the rise. People and technology both require energy. This rise in population and technology has led to a corresponding increase in energy demand. This trend is unlikely to change in the foreseeable future.The three primary methods of power production today are 1) fossil fuels, such as coal or natural gas, 2) hydroelectric dams, and 3) nuclear power. The undeveloped potential of each of these power methods is restricted by either the associated environmental impact or by the limits of the resource itself. Current methods of power production are in need of supplementation. An ideal source would be renewable and have minimal environmental impact. This paper presents one such method.1.3 Overview and Scope < A href="" target="_top">< IMG src="" height="240" width="120" hspace="0" vspace="0" border="0" alt="Click Here!">< /A> |
The paper begins with the background and description of the proposed power source, its advantages, and a tabular outline of three example sites. Concerns for each component of the system are briefly considered. The paper ends with a proposal for further research and a summarization.Due to the hazards of open-pit mining operations, building a Pit Power Tower in an active mining pit is not considered. Unfortunately, data concerning the water fill-rate and infrastructure of the Chuquicamata and Palabora mines was unavailable at the time of this writing. A geo-thermal component to the PPT is suggested, but not considered

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Power Tower

...School of Engineering      Power Tower      12/11/2015  Engr 469  Fall Semester      Instructor: Professor A. S. (Ed) Cheng      Team:  Sanjeev Gupta  Abit Baral        Abstract:​  In this article different aspects of Power Tower has been investigated. Power Tower  or Heliostat power plant is one of the most promising and affordable Concentrated Solar Power  technology. Different parts of the Power tower namely heliostats, central receiver, heat transfer  fluid, turbine and storage tanks has been examined. Also current situation of Power Tower have  been researched and compared with other Solar technology.  Introduction:  Power towers have a potential of being one of the lowest cost and environmental friendly  solution to our power needs. Today power tower systems are often considered to be the most  promising Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) technology for the future. In power tower  concentrating solar power systems, numerous large, flat, sun­tracking mirrors, known as  heliostats, focus sunlight onto a receiver at the top of a tall tower. A heat­transfer fluid heated in  the receiver is used to generate steam, which, in turn, is used in a conventional turbine  generator to produce electricity. Some power towers use water/steam or molten salt as the heat  transfer fluid. Different part of these types of power plant are analyzed in detail below.  Components of CSP power tower.  1.       Heliostats  2.       Tower with receiver  3.       Heat­transfer fluid  ...

Words: 1983 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

The Transcendece of Art in "Sailing to Byzantium"

...situation not only in Ireland, but all over Europe. Yeats’ special interest in the Celtic Revival Movement led him to become one of the founding members of the National Theatre of Ireland in 1904, which became the flagship for Irish playwrights and actors. In 1923 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature “for his always inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation”. “Sailing to Byzantium,” written in 1926 and included in the collection The Tower, can be interpreted both as a journey taken by the speaker’s aged soul and as the process of transcendence of his own mortality by means of art. “Sailing to Byzantium,” consisting of a four eight-line stanza poem, is metered in iambic pentameter with two trios of alternating rhyme followed by a couplet. Having neither characters nor plot “Sailing to Byzantium” refers to the agony of old age and the work required to remain a vital individual. Byzantium is mainly a trading city: a center of power, knowledge and art, where “monuments of unageing intellect” (8) can be found. In the speaker’s view, Byzantium is “no country for old man” (1), but a city crowded by younger generations. Yeats thinks of aged men as “paltry thing[s]” (9) and “tattered coat[s] upon a stick” (10). However, there is still hope for old men since a journey “To the holy city of Byzantium” (16) will immerse them in a world of timeless art and spirituality. The solution to the speaker’s desire for transcendence is found...

Words: 541 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...Looking for shelter I arrived at night, when it was raining. The street was empty; there was not a carriage or light in site. Looking for some shelter I jumped down off my pure black horse and tied it up to the nearest tree and then I started to walk towards the black and rusty gate. I heard a thunder storm heading towards me, so I opened the gate in a hurry. As I did I heard a big long creek. I continued to walk down the muddy and wet path and I saw black crows circling the towers roof tops. I got to the old rotten door and knocked; there was no answer. So I pushed the ancient and rotten door and it swung open. I stepped in side. When I stepped in and a horrible stench came roaring down towards me, I called out “hello” and the only response was the echo of my voice. I started to walk towards the dining area, but on the way I heard a loud bang in a near by corridor. It sounded like something had fallen and smashed then I knew I was not alone. The corridor was completely dark so I collected some dry wood form a near by staircase that had collapsed for a torch, I used what I learnt on the farm to light it. I started to creep towards the corridor with my torch the in my hand, the entrance was made of stone and the half open door that was barely hang on to its hinges looked like it was staring right at me, but I pushed on. As I stepped into the corridor a shiver went down my spine, something was telling me that it wasn’t a good Idea. But something else was louring me in....

Words: 650 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Logistic Control Tower

...Project : Logistics Control Tower Objective: To design a Logistics Control Tower Solution for E-Commerce Companies Write-up: A control tower is a single command centre for visibility, decision-making, and action, based on real-time data. It’s a powerful cloud service providing a comprehensive unified prospective of your business; top-down to bottom-up. Cross functional team can now rely on a single product to plan, monitor and respond to all business challenges (in this case all issues occur in logistics) quickly, collaboratively enabling you to measure the impact of changes, study response scenario, recalibrate strategies and envision what’s coming down the road, allowing you to see and know it all at the same time. With the help of control tower, Company (and supply chain) will come to be recognized not as a collection of separate functions but as a system in which the flows of information, materials, manpower, capital equipment, and money setup forces that determine the basic tendencies towards growth, fluctuation, and decline. A Supply Chain Control Tower system includes a dedicated team of people responsible for monitoring the alerts of the tower and for taking action when the tower predicts an incident may happen or if an incident already happened. This designated team is delegated the authority to make real time decisions based on the alerts and recommendations reported by the Control Tower. A properly structured Control Tower must be “armed with both the ability to determine...

Words: 864 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...South 4th St. Room 300 Minneapolis MN 55415-1316 612-673-3000 ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW OF TELECOMMUNICATION TOWERS, ANTENNAS AND TRANSMISSION BASE SITES APPLICATION 535.470. Purpose. Regulations governing communication towers, antennas and base units are established to provide for appropriate locations for communication towers, antennas and base units, to ensure compatibility with surrounding uses, to promote the co-location of communication antennas, and to preserve the city’s ability to provide a public safety communication system. 535.480. Definitions. As used in this article, the following words shall mean: Base unit. An unstaffed single story structure or weatherproofed cabinet used to house radio frequency transmitters, receivers, power amplifiers, signal processing hardware and related equipment. Communication antenna. A device intended for receiving or transmitting television, radio, digital, microwave, cellular, personal communication service (PCS), paging or similar forms of wireless electronic communication, including but not limited to directional antennas such as panels, microwave dishes and satellite dishes, and omnidirectional antennas, such as whip antennas. Communication antenna, facade mounted. A communication antenna mounted on the facade of a structure such as a building, water tower, clock tower, steeple, stack or existing light pole or communication tower. Public safety communication system. A communication system owned or operated by a governmental entity such...

Words: 3209 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Personal Narrative: I Love C. N. Tower

...I love the C.N. Tower. One reason is I am from Toronto, and I have been up it about twenty times, although it is still fun every time. I find it very cool that this famous tower is in the same city as I was born in, also it is amazing that I can go so high and see so far across my home town. Almost all of my families have been up the tower, and I find that cool because I can talk about it with them when I see them. Every time I go back to Toronto, I always have the C.N. Tower in mind. Every time I fly into Toronto and I can see what was once the world’s tallest tower, looming over the clouds, on top of the world, like it is welcoming me back, that makes me feel at home. And the day when I get to go up the tower is a remarkable experience....

Words: 310 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Case Study 8.2:Corporate Cultural Changes at Steel-Roll

...their company. To be good corporate culture, all people in the company should work together to achieve the organization's goals (p 228). The last reason making the conflict was the role of leader or CEO. He can not remember the values and mission’s company that means he ignore and did not concern the importance of organization culture. This is the result of low level of loyalty making employees had a gossip and nepotism. Moving onto the discussion of stereotype of corporate culture. There are four types that are derived from two related dimensions; task or person (high VS low formalization) and hierarchical or egalitarian (high VS low centralization)(p 238). Family is characterized by low formalization and high centralization. Eiffel Tower is characterized by high formalization and high centralization. Guided Missile is characterized by high formalization and low centralization. Incubator is characterized by low formalization and low centralization. The...

Words: 462 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Ojt Conclusion

...------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- Crown Regency Hotel and Towers At the Center of Cebu City, Philippines rises the Fuente Towers, hosting the prestigious Crown Regency Hotel & Towers. The tallest structure outside Metro Manila, the 23-storey, 22,000-square meter Fuente 1 and its equally arresting twin the 38- storey, 36,000- square meter Fuente Tower 2 majestically tower over the Queen City of the South. Its location on Fuente Osmena and right in the pulse of Cebu City places Crown Regency Hotel and Towers in close proximity to the major points of commerce and recreation. Crown Regency Hotel & Towers is an emblematic marriage of monumental form and high technology. The roofing structure will resemble a crown to highlight a regal presence in Queen City of the South. The building’s environmentally responsive design places emphasis on functionality, flexibility and effectiveness. Curtain wall will be built to filter direct external heat and cope with the hot tropical conditions. The building will be glass enclosed to maximize the views. The top floors of the hotel tower feature an amusement facility which includes a roller coaster that runs around the edge of the building, and a stroll around the edge of the building with the protection of safety harnesses. Comfort and luxury are the main components...

Words: 311 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Babel Tower

...expression brings something to the mind without mentioning it directly. In some of the works of those artists carry the allusion to The Tower of Babel. In Genesis 11, the story of The Tower of Babel is told. In this story the descendants of Noah are brought together to build a tower that reaches the Heavens. The reason they want to build this tower is to have power like God. So while they built the tower, God watched them and began to realize that they can someday be powerful. With that in mind, he went down with the angels to confuse the people in Shinar and separated them all over the world with different languages so they could not understand one another. That would stop them from trying to regain the possibility of having the power like God. It was called Babel because of that reason and this is how our world has come out to have many different languages. Allusions are found in many forms of art. One of the arts that hold allusions to a biblical story is literature. Ray Bradbury published one of his most famous works in 1953, Fahrenheit 451. This novel is science fiction and holds the story of a fireman named Montag in a future like city. His job is to start fires, burn books, not put them out. The setting that Montag is placed in is not allowed to get in contact with books because they hold knowledge and their government believes that it gives power. The main character lives this way too until he meets a teenager names Clarisse and an English Professor named Faber. They show...

Words: 1443 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Moral and Responsible Behavior Between Judges and Ruth

...OUTSMARTING GOD: EGYPTIAN SLAVERY AND THE TOWER OF BABEL SHEILA TULLER KEITER The Book of Exodus begins the story of Israel's enslavement in Egypt. A new pharaoh rises to power, one who did not know Joseph (Ex. 1:8). This new pharaoh ushers in a new regime and new policies. He embarks on a national program of enslavement and subjugation. Yet these policies are not as original as one might think, for they are reminiscent of the social-political experiment of another great building society, the people who built the Tower of Babel. The Torah deliberately links these two societies and passes judgment on both. The new pharaoh begins by bringing his cause to the Egyptian people, making the following pitch: 'Look, the Israelite people are much too numerous for us. Come, let us deal shrewdly with them, so that they may not increase; otherwise, in the event of war, they may join our enemies in fighting against us and go up from the land' (Ex. 1:9-10). As presented in the text, the pharaoh's logic is hard to discern. His solution to the problem of Israel's burgeoning population is persecution and enslavement, rather than expulsion or genocide (Ex. 1:11). If they are too many, why not just kill them? Pharaoh does eventually order the killing of all the male babies born to the Hebrews, but only after his first policy prescription results in an Israelite population boom (Ex. 1:12, 16). Furthermore, if the Israelites represent a potential fifth column, why is Pharaoh afraid that they will...

Words: 2053 - Pages: 9

Free Essay


...Utama 81200 Johor Bahru Malaysia Viska Mulyandasari COOLING TOWER SELECTION AND SIZING (ENGINEERING DESIGN GUIDELINE) Checked by: Karl Kolmetz TABLE OF CONTENT INTRODUCTION Scope Cooling Tower GENERAL DESIGN CONSIDERATION Components of a Cooling Tower Tower materials Cooling Tower Design Consideration Operation Considerations Improving Energy Efficiency of Cooling Towers Tower Problems DEFINITIONS NOMENCLATURE 13 17 18 18 18 20 23 32 4 5 These design guideline are believed to be as accurate as possible, but are very general and not for specific design cases. They were designed for engineers to do preliminary designs and process specification sheets. The final design must always be guaranteed for the service selected by the manufacturing vendor, but these guidelines will greatly reduce the amount of up front engineering hours that are required to develop the final design. The guidelines are a training tool for young engineers or a resource for engineers with experience. This document is entrusted to the recipient personally, but the copyright remains with us. It must not be copied, reproduced or in any way communicated or made accessible to third parties without our written consent. KLM Technology Group Practical Engineering Guidelines for Processing Plant Solutions Page 2 of 52 COOLING TOWER SELECTION AND SIZING ENGINEERING DESIGN GUIDELINES Rev: 01 July 2011 THEORY Cooling Tower Performance Vapor Pressure of Water Humidity Relative Humidity...

Words: 12674 - Pages: 51

Free Essay

Scott Rice

...brand new built. Scott Rice is a company of just seventy-five employees. The employee body is mainly project managers, interior designers, sales man and women, financial accounting, and lead logistic heads that control the warehouse organization. Scott Rice contracts the manual labor portion of the setup, build and other issues regarding licensed individuals (plumbers, electricians, etc.). With the company employing a small staff generates great opportunities within. For example, the company’s largest customer ever is the erection of the Devon Energy Center in downtown Oklahoma City. Scott Rice has to furnish the fifty two story building. As briefed, it will take four hundred and twenty plus semi-truck trailers of furniture to stock the tower with the means to accommodate the two thousand plus staff of Devon Energy. They must work around the clock to finish the task on time. The contractors are able to unload and build three semi-truck loads a shift. This job will generate thirty eight million dollars and this company benefit is that it is a profit sharing company. With a small employee base, that is more money they will receive for their Christmas bonus. Scott Rice has been in business for decades. The company of two men started off in the twenties as a Steelcase furniture dealership and later delivering office supplies. The company grew over time and expanded nationwide. The company had many divisions, and in the nineteen...

Words: 723 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

New Perspectives Access 2013 Tutorial 3: Sam Project 1a Physical Therapy Specialists, P.C. Using Queries to Update and Retrieve Informationname

...Lord of the Rings The Two Towers As we learn through the first book we come to see that the company of the “Lord of The Rings” goes through hard trials. There is much more to come through their journey though especially in the book of “The Two Towers.” In the book of “The Two Towers” Frodo baggins, and Samwise Gamgee must journey on their own to finish the task that was left for Frodo. While Aragorn II Elessar, Legolas the elf, and Gimli the dwarf search for Peregin Took and Meriadoc Brandybuck, most commonly known as Merry and pippin. It all starts with Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli searching for Merry and Pippin. The three adventurers go off through the fields tracking down those two hobbits that have been captured by the nasty orcs. The leader of the orcs is none other than the huge appalling Ugluk. He leads his team of orcs, which are known as the Uruk-hai Scouts, to Isengard. That way Saruman could have the hobbits and find out where the ring is. Their plan taking the hobbits to Isengard ended faster than they had expected for they were attacked by Rohirrim. The orcs tried to fight valiantly, but it still ended in ruins for they could not putt up a good fight because they were being shot at by arrows, and their enemy was behind trees on horseback so they couldn’t determine where they were most of the time. While the Orcs were fighting the Rohirrims, Merry and Pippin started to sneak away from the orcs clutches. They successfully escape and begin to head into the “Forrest...

Words: 2862 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Elements of Operations Management

...elements of operations management are incorporated. They include service, flexibility, price and facility location. Service This incorporates the work design of the cooling tower system and the level and quality of service it is capable of offering once purchased. A comparison of the metal in relation to the plastic cooling towers shows that the level of service of the latter is better compared to the metal ones. As shown in the case study the metal cooling towers are negatively affected by water pH, sunlight, pollution, salt air, and harsh process chemicals. This causes corrosion, rust and leakage thus calling for re-welding, patching and coating. The plastic ones are not affected by water pH neither are they affected by harsh weather conditions. They carry a 15 year warranty compared to the one year warranty of the metal cooling towers. Flexibility For effective operations process a product or service should be flexible. This means that it should be able to have the ability to rapidly increase or decrease production levels and change from one product to another. This case study looks at two forms of flexibility, the cooling capacity flexibility and the design flexibility. Metal cooling towers are customized on site and require high cost of labour and materials. However the plastic cooling towers are factory assembled with a 2000 tons capacity. They are thus able to adjust to operational heat load and the outflow changes since they use an extra margin of...

Words: 542 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Delta Attempts to Boost Productivity

...------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI ------------------------------------------------- SCHOOL OF BUSINESS ------------------------------------------------- MANAGEMENT PRACTICE (DSM 501) ------------------------------------------------- Group Assignment 1 ------------------------------------------------- LECTURER: DR. KITIABI ------------------------------------------------- GROUP MEMBERS ------------------------------------------------- ELIZABETH NYAWIRA MURIUKI REG NO: D61/64188/2013 ------------------------------------------------- PHELLISTERS KERUBO REG NO: D61/64189/2013 CATHERINE WAMBUI REG NO: D61/64191/2013 ------------------------------------------------- JENIFFER AYOO REG NO: D61/64192/2013 ------------------------------------------------- BEATRICE NJERI REG NO: D61/64193/2013 ------------------------------------------------- RUTH MBAIKA REG NO: D61/64203/2013 ------------------------------------------------- DAVID THIONG'O REG NO: D61/64205/2013 ------------------------------------------------- DICKSON HONGO REG NO: D61/64206/2013 ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- Due date: August 8, 2013 Question 1 An issue is a point or matter in question or in dispute, or a point that is not settled and is under...

Words: 1423 - Pages: 6