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Chapter Overview 12.1
The Beginnings of Development
What Is Development? Prenatal Development The Newborn CONCEPT LEARNING CHECK 12.1 Before and
Preoperational Stage Concrete Operational Stage Formal Operational Stage Challenges to Piaget’s Stage Theory

Social Development
The Power of Touch Attachment Theory Disruption of Attachment Family Relationships Peers

After Birth


Infancy and Childhood
Physical Development Cognitive Development
Piaget’s Stage Theory Sensorimotor Stage


Cognitive Development

Learning Objectives

Development Throughout the Life Span

12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5

Describe the development of the field and explain the prenatal and newborn stages of human development. Discuss physical development in infants and newborns. Examine Piaget’s stage theory in relation to early cognitive development. Illustrate the importance of attachment in psychosocial development. Discuss the impact of sexual development in adolescence and changes in moral reasoning in adolescents and young adults. Examine the life stages within Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development. Illustrate the physical, cognitive, and social aspects of aging. Describe the multiple influences of nature and nurture in human development.


Adolescence and Young Adulthood
Physical Development Cognitive Development Social Development

Cognitive Development Social Development
Continuity or Change Relationships Ages and Stages of Adulthood


Nature and Nurture
Summary of Multiple Influences on Development






“Right Time” for Everything?



Adulthood and Aging
Physical Development
Reproductive Life Life Expectancy

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