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In: Psychology

Submitted By lint8898

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Words 1557

Pages 7

Cathy Lint

PSY/310

February 6, 2012

Katrina Ramos

John B. Watson (1878-1958) John B. Watson was born in 1878 just outside Greenville, South Carolina, in what would be known today as a dysfunctional family because of the alcoholism, fighting, and extra-martial affairs. Watson had many behavioral problems due to his upbringing that caused Watson to have contact with the law at an early age. Watson went on to Furman University and graduated at the young age of 16 in 1900 with a master's degree. Watson was influenced by one of his professors at Furman when Watson decided to enter the University of Chicago where Watson was to study philosophy and psychology. Watson studied comparative psychology Comparative psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the study of animal behavior (Call, 2010). Watson felt more comfortable studying animals than he did humans and began his study in cortical development while using white rats. Although many other physiologists did not believe rats were capable of "associative learning" due to a rats brain development Watson thought otherwise. During Watson's experiments with the white rats could show that minimal learning was achieved during, the first week and that during the fourth week the white rats could form associations in the rats cortical development (Goodwin, 2008). Watson was able to have this study published that led to Watson's doctorate and his stay at the University of Chicago. During Watson's time at the University of Chicago from 1903 to 1908 Watson researched included white rats and mazes and how the rat would learn to navigate the maze through muscle movements rather than senses (e.g: whiskers) that led to Watson's introduction into experimental psychology and Watson's Behaviorist Manifesto which, is the prediction and control of behavior (Goodwin, 2008). Watson's view on classical...

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