Free Essay

Research Proposal Issues in Third World Politics


Submitted By moshiur14
Words 475
Pages 2
‘Is famine/starvation the result of natural catastrophes or man-made? Analyze the root causes of food insecurity in the following two countries: Bangladesh and Niger.’

Food, water, clothing, education and shelter are the basic needs for all human being. As a citizen of world’s one of the poorest country, Bangladesh, I want to explore and understand the significance of famine and starvation and how it is related with food insecurity. The paper will also study the origin of food insecurity and investigate the causes. I have chosen to research on Bangladesh and Niger, two of the low-ranked on United Nation’s Human Development Index (HDI) countries.

Hundreds of millions of people, concentrated toward children and elderly, are suffering due to famine and experts are expecting this number to grow if adequate measures are not taken to prevent it. Sub-Sahara African nations are mostly the victims of extreme cases of famine but other continents also have some impacts. For instance, South Asian countries heavily depend on monsoon rain that makes them vulnerable to crop failure. On the man-made side, government instability and policies also play a big role. The after effects of such event could also lead to economic failure of the population. Countries with uncontrolled population, for instance Bangladesh and India, also suffer from extreme form of malnutrition and hunger as it becomes day by day difficult to produce adequate food for local citizens. In such cases, government asks for foreign aid to stabilize the situation.

When food security is concerned, one of major point to ponder is food availability. This includes domestic production, security stocks, imports and foreign food aids. So it is clear that government has more or less control over the food security depending on the policies has been implemented. Food insecurity may lead to rise in food price that ultimately cause famine and starvation. As Bangladesh and Niger both developing nation and heavily dependent on its agriculture, the aftermath could be catastrophic. Therefore, it is vital to develop to appropriate strategy to improve food security and identify the roots of such incidents.

Brief description of the Research Plan: * The paper will show listings of all possible reasons for famine and starvation. Further investigations will examine the countries political conditions. How many people are directly and indirectly suffering from the consequences of such events will be discussed. * Despite of foreign aid from rich countries and international organizations, countless people are starving to death. In the research paper, I will also try to assess how government played their role by spending those aids on such crisis moments. * Details will be collected from various journals, including international organization’s website on food security and dig out the origins of food insecurity. In this case, I have chosen Bangladesh and Niger.

Preliminary Bibliography
Citation style: American Psychological Association (APA), 6th Edition

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Stress Management

...Selected Industries Of Thane District. RESEARCH PROPASAL Submitted to BHARATI VIDYAPEETH’S INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT ,PUNE. For the award of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Management Under the Department of Human Resource Management IMED, PUNE. By Mrs. Saili Satyendra Narvekar Under the guidance of Dr.Anjali Kalse Bharati Vidyapeeth’s Institute Of Management Studies and Reasearch, CBD- Belapure, Navi Mumbai August 2014 Research Proposal for at Bharati Vidyapeeth ,Pune Title of the Research proposal | An Analytical study of Executive stress Management in selected Industries of Thane District. | Name of Candidate | Mrs. Saili Satyendra Narvekar. | Educational Qualification of Candidate | M.COM(PUNE UNIVERSITY) | Name and Designation of Research Supervisor | Dr. Anjali Kalse , Professor | Place of Research Work | Institute of Management &Entrepreneurship Development,Pune. | Date of Submission of Proposal | | Signature of Candidate | | Signature of the Research Supervisor | | Research proposal S.No. | Content | Page No. | 1. | Introduction | | 2. | Rationale | | 3. | Significance | | 4. | Literature Review | | 5. | Objectives | | 6. | Research Hypothesis | | 7. | Conceptual Framework | | 8. | Operational Definition | | 9. | Research design, Research methods, Quantitative and Qualitative...

Words: 3556 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Brics and India

...the possible exception of Russia, the BRICS members are all developing or newly industrialised countries, but they are distinguished by their large, fast-growing economies and significant influence on regional and global affairs. As of 2012, the five BRICS countries represent almost 3 billion people, with a combined nominal GDP of US$13.7 trillion, and an estimated US$4 trillion in combined foreign reserves Presently, India holds the chair of the BRICS group. Due to steady growth in BRICS nations in the recent past their share in global output has grown from 11% in 2005 to 18% in 2010. President of the People's Republic of China Hu Jintao has described the BRICS countries as defenders and promoters of developing countries and a force for world peace. The BRIC grouping's first formal summit commenced in Yekaterinburg on June 16, 2009, with Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva,Dmitry Medvedev, Manmohan Singh, and Hu Jintao, the respective leaders of Brazil, Russia, India and China, all attending. In 2010, South Africa began efforts to join the BRIC grouping, and the process for its formal admission began in August of that year.[14] South Africa officially became a member nation on December 24, 2010, after being formally invited by the BRIC countries to join the group. . ------------------------------------------------- History The acronym was coined by Jim O'Neill in a 2001 paper entitled "Building Better Global Economic BRICs.The foreign ministers of the initial four BRIC states (Brazil...

Words: 5135 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Economic Development

...dapat diperbanyak dan atau dikomunikasikan untuk tujuan mendeteksi adanya plagiarisme.” Nama : Ruben Tota NPM : 1006805763 Mata Ajaran : Economic Development Judul Makalah/Tugas :The Impacts of Political Decision Making Process to Economic Development Tanggal : 11 April 2013 Dosen : Mr. Budi Susetyo Tandatangan : ( / / ) Abstract The main idea of the paper is that the involvement of politicians in economic development decision making process as measured by political influence on Indonesian economic system which associated with worse economic performance. The procedures are based on the analysis of outlier events and differentiate between several sources of risk (“Political, Economic, World market, Other”). This paper is supported by my empirical results, which indicate that political influence is the most important expressive variable for various dimensions of economic development. I will provide several proofs, that this result is tough to controlling for other important country characteristics. Moreover our results indicate that Indonesian economic activity based measures are highly correlated with directories of corruption, property rights and country risk. This suggests the practical effectiveness...

Words: 5587 - Pages: 23

Free Essay


...economies work, but also on what a state actually is. For example, some experts maintain that the function of a state is diminished by globalization and forced to focus efforts on localization and regionalization. I would like to examine from various aspects how globalization influences states,and public policies, especially on the educational policy by taking Japan as an example. 1. What is Globalization? First, I would like to examine what globalization is. A translation in Japanese would be “integration of the globe,” but what exactly does it mean when the globe integrates? Economically, our globe is certainly being integrated and we have less and less borders. Our life, however, is still full of borders, especially in terms of politics and culture. Also,...

Words: 4654 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Passing the Crossword

...Maioni Source: Comparative Politics, Vol. 29, No. 4 (Jul., 1997), pp. 411-431 Published by: Ph.D. Program in Political Science of the City University of New York Stable URL: . Accessed: 12/10/2013 14:05 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact . Ph.D. Program in Political Science of the City University of New York is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to Comparative Politics. This content downloaded from on Sat, 12 Oct 2013 14:05:01 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions Parting at the Crossroads The Development of Health Insurance in Canada and the United States, 1940-1965 AntoniaMaioni Frequentlyraised in recent discussions abouthealth care reformin the United States has been the model of the Canadianhealth insurancesystem.' While debates about health insurance often turn into polemical battles over which country offers the "best" health care for its citizens, the issues at stake raise a fundamentalquestion...

Words: 9505 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

The Impact of Foreign Aid in Kenya

...SID 1223384 A PROPOSAL TO EVALUATE THE IMPACT THAT FOREIGN AID HAS HAD ON DEVELOPMENT IN KENYA RESEARCH STUDIES MOD001774 SHIRLEY JONES SID 1223384 FACULTY OF HEALTH, SOCIAL CARE AND EDUCATION 2012/13 1 SID 1223384 ABSTRACT The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of foreign aid on development in Kenya. The study will investigate the effect that foreign aid has had on development, appraising its benefits as well as exposing its shortcomings. Judging from the level of aid that the developing world receives and the economic development that takes place in third world countries, there appears to be an inverse relationship between aid and development. With this continuing debate, my interest of study has been to find out foreign aid’s impact to development in Kenya as it is dependent of aid but poverty still seems impossibility in the country for many decades. Therefore, the study will seek to expose these pitfalls of foreign assistance to a nation’s growth and development, using the Kenyan example to illustrate this relationship. The prevailing research methodology shall be of a qualitative positivist nature. Debates still exist around foreign aid dependency and economic development in the “Third World” countries as despite the input from developed countries there hasn’t been much change witnessed in the developing nations which are still drowning in poverty since 1960’s. The study will highlight on the demerit of excess foreign aid has development whereby...

Words: 10863 - Pages: 44

Premium Essay

Exploring the Role of Government Watchdogs in Canada and Its Influence on Society, Economics, and Politics

...Exploring The Role Of Government Watchdogs In Canada And Its Influence On Society, Economics, And Politics Introduction In our increasingly neoliberalized and privatized society, the concept of governance and ethical conduct has been falling from the grips of public dialogue and discussion. Self-regulation has become a “mantra for both governments and private industry in the neoliberal era (Burch et al., 2013, p. 259). Given the onset of recent environmental disasters related to the oil and gas industry, the oligarchic telecommunications industry, and our crippling health care system, the role for government watchdogs becomes ever more so important. Thus for any type of change to occur, effective governance is important as it must also progress with any changes in society (Marin, 2009). For this to occur, this requires an ombudsman - also known as a watchdog, or adjudicator who has the “power to set standards and apply sanctions” (Burch et al., 2013, p. 259). The ombudsman or watchdog acts as a “moral compass and societal conscience,” making it even more relevant in today’s 21st century (Marin, 2009). However, in the event that the ombudsman/watchdog model is unable to help with any type of meaningful reform or provide justice, it starts to experience public criticism. Therefore, the focus of this paper will be to explore the role of government watchdogs in Canada and their decreasing influence on public and private sector institutions. In doing so, it will be understood...

Words: 2551 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Persuasive Ocean Crisis Essay

...This conference’s main mission was to settle the two main issues left unresolved at the first conference – the extent of the territorial sea and exclusive fishery zones. In order to successfully pass these measures, Canada and the United States proposed a piece of joint legislation allowing territorial sea to reach as far as six nautical miles. Despite their efforts, many people wanted a twelve-mile limit and therefore the vote did not obtain the two-thirds majority needed for passage (Lawrence pg 161). This resulted in yet another failure in the mission to codify the law of the ocean. Thirteen years later, a third and final Conference of the Law of the Sea would take place. This conference lasted nine years and was finally concluded in 1982 when all the compromises and deals were agreed upon. At the third conference, it was obvious which nations had the most influence and surprisingly, it was not the typical world superpowers. Instead, the most powerful group at the conference was Group 77 – consisting of about 120 developing African, Asian, and Latin American...

Words: 1659 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

The Role of Women in Ghana's Democratic Governance: a Case of the 2012 General Elections

...INTRODUCTION The role of women in politics and public affairs is one of the current governance issues because of the perceived and acknowledged potential and contribution of women to governance processes. Participating effectively and meaningfully in order to have an impact is a process of empowerment that enhances self-worth of individuals and groups at the political level. There is no disputing the fact the number of women is seeing a steady growth from local government level in particular especially in the number of contestants and actual elected women. At the national level, particularly in the legislature, the picture has not seen much significant change since 1996. This reflects strongly in the composition of the membership of standing committees and selected committees of parliament where real debate on legislative issues takes place. Certainly, this affects the contribution of women to the policy making process. At the political party level , although all the parties selected for the study which are the National Democratic Congress (NDC), the New Patriotic Party (NPP), the People’s National Convention (PNC), the Convention People’s Party (CPP) except for the Great Consolidated People’s Party (GCPP), make claims in their manifestoes to their commitment to gender issues in general and women’s concerns in particular, it is not very evident even in their party leadership structure and in their own internal organization. Some party leaders corroborated this by stating...

Words: 9422 - Pages: 38

Premium Essay

Brazilian Agriculture and the Wto

...1 AGRICULTURE IN BRAZIL: FROM THE 1980’s TO THE G-20 MAURO MASON DE CAMPOS ADORNO Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements of the Degree of Master by Coursework in International Policy Studies School of Politics Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences La Trobe University Bundoora, Victoria 3083 Australia 2 July 2005 Abstract The Brazilian economy transformed from a state of financial crisis in the 1980’s to become a leading agriculture exporter in the late 1990’s. Economic reforms implemented by the Real Plan were a response to a bankrupt decade of failed economic plans and high inflation rates. In this period agriculture played a key role in the control of the inflation and in the stabilization of the economy. The domestic environment of the Brazilian economy and the role of agriculture helped Brazil to develop a more active role and led it to seek for a leadership position in the international agricultural negotiations. On the eve on the WTO’s Cancun Round of negotiation a new coalition of developing countries formed the G-20. The Group was born from a Brazilian initiative and for the first time a group of developing countries stood up against the developed countries in the agriculture negotiations. 3 Acknowledgments I would like to dedicate this thesis to my mother Ana and my brother Matheus. Who believed in me even when I did not. I love you guys. I would like to thank my Father for the support, during the whole process,...

Words: 26077 - Pages: 105

Premium Essay


...PROFESSOR (with tenure). School of Management Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Affiliate of Sloan Foundation Industry Studies Centers Major Interests: • Innovation Management • Product Design, Marketing and Brand Management • Innovative Teaching Approaches (Multimedia Enhanced on campus and Distance Learning) AWARDS 1995 Boeing Outstanding Educator Award Hesburg Award Team (for Educational Innovation) In 1995, I was a co-recipient of the Boeing Outstanding Educator Award and a member of the team receiving the Hesburg Award for Educational Innovation TEACHING Teaching Role. My recent teaching has been in Rensselaer’s resident MBA program (both full and parttime), Professional and Distance Education Program and undergraduate programs. My research and teaching have made important contributions to efforts to build the marketing and management and technology curricula in the School of Management at Rensselaer and at other universities who have adopted our teaching materials. As a pioneer in interactive leaning material on product development and manufacturing, I have developed several interactive multimedia cases and collaborated on the development of simulations designed to teach marketing principles and bridge management and engineering disciplines. The simulations teach marketing, design and manufacturing concepts by exposing students to tradeoffs inherent in new product development. They help provide an understanding of design, manufacturing, and marketing decisions, as well as...

Words: 9701 - Pages: 39

Free Essay


...Published 2009 All rights reserved. ISBN 978-1-920219-18-5 Produced by Compress.dsl CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1 CHAPTER 1: Using history 5 The uses of liberation history in Zimbabwean politics • Historical context • ZANU PF’s ‘Patriotic History’ • Patriotic History’s detractors • What is Patriotic History? • The opposition’s use of history 5 5 6 6 8 CHAPTER 2: History in secondary and higher education 11 History curriculum development in Zimbabwe’s secondary schools and higher education institutions, and the implications for reconciliation, national healing and transitional justice • The growth in education since independence • History in secondary schools • History in higher education • A review of the NASS syllabus 11 11 14 17 CHAPTER 3: Teaching history 23 Challenges of teaching history in Zimbabwe, points of contention and consensus, and future prospects • Repression in tertiary institutions • Decline in secondary schools • National youth training service centres • Reasons for optimism 23 25 25 26 CHAPTER 4: Supporting history teaching 29 Supporting secondary and higher educators, and proposals towards learning sessions, modules and activities for history teaching • Funding education • Resurgence of liberal principles • Key proposals and teaching suggestions 29 30 30 CHAPTER 5: Teaching with Becoming Zimbabwe 33 How the Zimbabwe history book can offer opportunities to support history teaching at secondary and higher levels iii EXECUTIVE...

Words: 16487 - Pages: 66

Free Essay

Human Rights

...but also of economic growth and development. For this reason most of the developed countries of the world, irrespective of their political or economic systems, have a robust system of local or community governance. This also explains why many developing and former communist states have made solid efforts to enhance the capacities of their systems of local governance since the third wave of democratic revolution swept through the world in the 1980s and 1990s and the results have been quite impressive. Africa may be the only exception to this general principle even though there have been some progress as well in some countries. Unfortunately, Zimbabwe has not been part of the good news as far as the effort to enhance the capacity of local governance is concerned. It is ironic that over time, the resilient institutions of local governance that were inherited at independence have deteriorated over time-both in the cities or in the rural areas. It is even further ironic that though community organs were crucial during nationalist struggles in the countries in which political independence involved military engagement between occupying powers and nationalist forces, the story of local governance has been lack-luster in these countries in Africa (Mozambique, Uganda, Angola, Ethiopia) once the nationalist party emerged victorious. Local government, a statutory not a constitutional issue in many British influenced traditions have become de jure and de facto constitutional in many developing...

Words: 7604 - Pages: 31

Free Essay

Oil Crisis in the 1970s

...Crisis in the 1970’s The Oil Crisis of the 1970’s was a major period in American history, when a number of political, global and social events came together to create a ‘perfect storm’. The Seventies was an era filled with people seeking self-fulfillment (The ‘Me’ Decade), where the nation was growing at a fast pace. People, during this time, concentrated on their own leisure and happiness. Behind the narcissism and selfishness of many people’s attitudes, an oil crisis struck America which largely impacted the automobile industry and led to a rise in gas prices. The combination of stagnant growth and price inflation during this era raises many issues, while many attempts to end the crisis, such as Jimmy Carter’s Energy plan, substantially made it worse. These problems caused Americans to focus more on economic issues versus social issues. The “Me Decade,” a term coined by novelist Tom Wolfe, was a concept of the Seventies- “an era of narcissism, selfishness, personal rather than political awareness… The ‘70’s was the decade in which people put emphasis on the skin, on the surface, rather than on the roof of things… It was the decade in which image became preeminent because nothing deeper was going on (Schulman, 145).” It described the new American self-awareness and the collective retreat from history, community and human reciprocity. Compared to the 1960’s, Americans in the 1970’s were self-absorbed and passive; it was a stylistic change in American preoccupations (Schulman...

Words: 2143 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

American Research Thoughts

...Volume 1 │ Issue 7 │ May 2015 AMERICAN RESEARCH THOUGHTS ISSN: 2392 – 876X Impact Factor: 2.0178 (UIF) Available online at: ISSUES AND ALTERNATIVE OF UGC: A CONTEMPORARY REVIEW Dr. Tapas Pal1 and Dr. Shyamsundar Bairagya2 Visva-Bharati, India 1 Associate Professor, Dept. Of Education, Visva-Bharati, India 2 Abstract: UGC has splendor activities in respect of conducting of sixteen autonomous statutory institutions, co-ordination, formulation and maintenance of the standards of university education, framing regulations on minimum standards of education, Determining standards of teaching, Examination and research in universities, Monitoring developments in the field of collegiate and university education, Disbursing grants to universities and colleges, Setting up common facilities, services and programs for a group of universities in the form of Inter-University Centers but there are lots of issues (negative performances) are related with UGC’s performance for these National Commission for Higher Education & Research (NCHER – A national over-arching regulatory body in higher education), Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) and demand of CBSC have been aroused. This article will highlight the issues related to cause of emerged of alternative body of UGC in India. Key Words: NCHER, RUSA, CBSC, UGC. 1. PREAMBLE The University Grants Commission (UGC) of India...

Words: 4759 - Pages: 20