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Scope of Political Science


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It can be argued that the discovery of the laws of evolution has, theselast two centuries, revolutionised the study of Man. Evolution has givena sort of scientific sanction to the idea of human progress of whichmodernity aims at being the concrete expression. Progress, in thispeculiar sense, not only means the advancement of scientific learningbut also the improvement of human society. The growingconsciousness of Man from little more than an ape to a fully thinkinganimal has led to a higher level of organisation and stability within hiscommunities, which were to become later on villages and cities. Overtime, with the development and expansion of human activities, theorganisation of these local units became more defined, and norms andlaws were developed to control them. Again, all along History, we findmany systems devised by various civilisations and peoples for thepurpose of ruling and governing, we observe the influence of personalor collective interests on the policies of governments and the outcomeof conflicts, and we hear of and sometimes witness the contribution of individuals either to the prosperity or ruin of a particular state orcountry. Such evolutions and variations, past and present, in the ideasand practices behind the organisation and administration of humansocieties are the proper subjects of Political Science.
Definition and Scope of Political Science.
1. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, political science refers tothat branch of knowledge concerned with political activity andbehaviour. Considering the very wide varieties of political activities andbehaviours, and the constant changes that they undergo, thisdefinition is still a general statement that informs the reader of little of the nature and scope of this discipline. The name of political science,itself, tells practically nothing

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