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Volume 20 Number 2

Duke Leads the Way in International Law Teaching and Scholarship

inside plus Duke admits smaller, exceptionally well-qualified class
Duke’s Global Capital Markets Center to launch new Directors’ Education Institute

from the dean

Dear Alumni and Friends, It is not possible, these days, for a top law school to be anything other than an international one. At Duke Law, we no longer think of “international” as a separate category. Virtually everything we do has some international dimension, whether it concerns international treaties and protocols, commercial transactions across national borders, international child custody disputes, criminal behavior that violates international human rights law, international sports competitions, global environmental regulation, international terrorism, or any number of other topics. And, of course, there is little that we do at Duke that does not involve scholars and students from other countries, who are entirely integrated with U.S. scholars and students. Students enrolled in our joint JD/LLM program in international and comparative law receive an in-depth education in both the public and private aspects of international and comparative law, enriched by the ubiquitous presence of foreign students; likewise, the foreign lawyers who enroll in our one-year LLM program in American law enroll in the same courses, attend the same conferences, and engage in the same intellectual and social life as American students. This issue of Duke Law Magazine provides a flavor of the international dimensions of the Law School. It touches on some of our ongoing international programs, including the Institutes in Transnational Law at Geneva and Hong Kong, the Global

Capital Markets Center, the Center on Law, Ethics and National Security, the DukeCambridge Program in Public Law, the Center for Environmental Solutions, and partnerships with a number of foreign law schools, including Tsinghua University in Beijing, the University of Cambridge, Waseda University in Tokyo, University of Geneva Law Faculty, and Hong Kong University Law Faculty. It describes teaching and research innovations reaching across continents, such as the joint DukeCambridge course on comparative public law, the import of our Introduction to American law course at Tsinghua University in Beijing, and the international death penalty conference in Geneva. It also covers some of the activities of foreign law graduates who have retained connections to Duke Law, as well as special events this past year which enrich the international experiences of our students, including the international food festival and panel discussions involving students and guests from other countries. It details new faculty appointments in international trade law and comparative law, and the scholarship of faculty members relating to issues of terrorism, global security, and international stability. On all of these fronts, Duke Law School both situates the legal education it offers its students within the full international panoply of issues and controversies, and participates through its students, faculty and alumni in the definition and resolution of

some of the most cutting-edge global issues of our time. A meaningful legal education in these times must involve extensive exposure to other legal systems, transnational practice, and public international law issues. The profile of Duke Law School and the legal education it provides has been deeply enhanced as a result of its creative and aggressive initiatives in those areas. I welcome all alumni to come back and visit Duke. If you haven’t been back in the past five years, I expect that you would be pleasantly surprised by our new international law faculty, the contributions of our foreign law students to the life of the Law School, the visibility of our faculty on issues of international law, national security and terrorism, and the success with which we have integrated international and comparative law subjects throughout our curriculum. Whether it is your reunion year or not, I hope you have the opportunity to stop by. In any case, please stay in touch with us through

Katharine T. Bartlett Dean and A. Kenneth Pye Professor of Law





Letters to the Editor


Katharine T. Bartlett

From the Dean 1L Class Smaller, Exceptionally Well Qualified ................................................................2 News Briefs ..........................................................................................................................4 Features Spanning the Globe, Duke Leads the Way in International Law Teaching and Scholarship........................................................................................................10

Associate Dean for External Relations Linda G. Steckley Director of

Communications Diana L. Nelson Editor

Jonathan Goldstein Associate Editor Janse C. Haywood Melanie Dunshee Jean Brooks Design

Contributing Editors

September 11 Remembered, the Following Year Considered ....................................26 Alumni and Student Essays and Profiles Alumnus Promotes Duke in Argentina and Beyond: Javier Firpo LLM ’91 ..............................................................................................32 Student Takes to Leadership at Duke Law: Sebastian Kielmanovich ’04 ..................33 Venezuela: No Coup D’état, by Arturo H. Banegas Masia LLM ’00............................34 Switzerland to Join the United Nations, by Manuel Sager LLM ’85 ........................35 Around the Law School Judgment Without Democracy, by Professor Madeline Morris ..................................36 U.S. Senator Consults Duke Law Professor William Van Alstyne on War Powers ....38 Dean Katharine T. Bartlett Completes Reportership with ALI ..................................40 Book Review: Professor Jeff Powell’s The President’s Authority Over Foreign Affairs ..................................................42 Visiting Faculty 2002-2003 ..............................................................................................44 Faculty Notes ....................................................................................................................46 Alumni News Reunion 2002 ....................................................................................................................54 Class Notes ........................................................................................................................56 Commencement Weekend 2002 ....................................................................................66 In Memoriam ....................................................................................................................67 Campaign Newsletter (special edition) ....................................................................insert Fall Events ..................................................................................................inside back cover

DUHS Office of

Creative Services and Publications Photography Kate Melcher, Ian Bradshaw, Photography:

Todd Shoemaker,

Jonathan Goldstein, Duke University

Chris Hildreth, Les Todd,

Jim Wallace, Jon Gardiner Duke Law Magazine is published under the auspices of the

Office of the Dean, of Law, Durham,

Duke University School North Carolina 27708. © 2002 Produced by the Office of

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Copyrighted © DUHS,


If you want to respond to an article in Duke Law Magazine, you can email the editor at or write: Jonathan Goldstein, Duke Law Magazine, Duke University School of Law, Box 90389, Durham, NC 27708-0389.

orientation 2002
1L Class Smaller, Exceptionally Well Qualified
The Fall 2002 entering 1L class is “smaller and exceptionally well qualified,” says Associate Dean for Admissions and Financial Aid Dennis Shields. The class numbers 201, in comparison with 227 a year ago. Its median LSAT score is 168, which is in the 97th percentile of those taking the test last year. This represents a gain of two points over last year’s 166 median. The undergraduate GPA median is 3.61, up slightly from last year’s 3.59. “The numbers don’t tell the entire story, though,” says Dean Shields. “This class is a fabulous group of individuals that collectively brings a broad range of work experience and extracurricular leadership experience with them to the Law School.” More than 60 percent of the class has spent time working since completing undergraduate studies. The student body includes student government leaders, Eagle Scouts and several captains of intercollegiate athletic teams, military officers and college dorm residential advisors. Thirty-six already have worked for law firms and 15 others have experience working in government jobs. The class includes graduates from 100 different undergraduate institutions, 44 states and five foreign countries. The students speak 26 foreign languages, from Arabic to Ukrainian. Classes began this summer for 43 of these students who are enrolled in joint degree programs. Orientation for entering students was a three-day program designed not only to introduce them to the fundamentals of reading and briefing cases, but also to help them to understand the importance of community and leadership to a Duke Law education. An excellent group of upper-class students served as discussion leaders and mentors through structured group exercises requiring teamwork and collaboration, said Jill Miller, assistant dean for student affairs. “Not only were we excited to meet our new students, but we were equally excited to see our orientation leaders in action,” Dean Miller said. “The pride they demonstrated in introducing our new students to Duke Law was contagious. I'm really looking forward to seeing these relationships continue throughout the year.”

Assistant Dean for Student Affairs Jill Miller and Jim Coleman, senior associate dean of academic affairs, get orientation feedback from group leader Dana Gross ‘04 at the Doris Duke Center reception on August 19.

First-year students Kisha Payton, Dan Xu and Jess Orleans practice their new “Beta” language as they trade numbered cards during an orientation exercise for 1Ls and LLMs. Students divided into Alpha and Beta cultures to learn lessons about communication and cultural acceptance.

Sweet tea, hot dogs and hamburgers greeted new students and their families at the August 20 orientation barbeque on Duke’s East Campus. More than 200 students, faculty and administrators participated.

First-year students meet at the orientation barbeque. Orientation activities involving both JD and LLM students provided ample opportunities for team-building and socializing.



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The new Duke Blueprint codifies the guiding principles upon which students are encouraged to focus at the Law School and during their careers.

DUKE BLUEPRINT charts the way for Class of 2005
Students entering Duke Law this fall encountered a new set of expectations– not merely their own aspirations for good grades or a prestigious job, but a fresh expression of the Law School’s goals for them as students, professionals, and leaders. The Duke Blueprint for Lawyer Education and Development is a codification of the guiding principles upon which Duke students are encouraged to focus throughout their time at the Law School and in their professional careers, including establishing academic priorities, engaging in relationships with professors and classmates and keeping an open mind in unfamiliar situations. Throughout orientation students learned about different aspects of the Blueprint from a panel discussion featuring Peter Kahn '76, chair of Duke Law’s Board of Visitors, Frances Turner ’00, Whitnie Hardy ’03, Sebastian Kielmanovich LLM’02, JD’04, and Professors Sara Sun Beale and Jim Coleman, small-group sessions and social events. Similar events under the Blueprint name will follow throughout the year, focusing on the principles and goals set forth in the plan. “Although the principles of the Blueprint have been apparent at Duke Law School since its earliest days, by articulating these virtues in a concise physical document, we have made them immediately recognizable for our new students,” said Jill Miller, assistant dean for student affairs. A capable corps of second- and thirdyear orientation leaders returned early from their summers to guide small groups of new students through their first week at Duke Law in August. These groups included both JD and LLM students, providing an early opportunity to interact with other cultures. A reception at the new Doris Duke Center in the Sarah P. Duke Gardens replaced the traditional and more formal Law School convocation ceremony, to rave reviews from both faculty and students. Professor Neil Vidmar said, “I think that the informality of the occasion allowed and encouraged the students to approach faculty as well as faculty to approach students. Duke Law School is a ‘happy place’ as well as a serious one, and the reception under these new conditions allowed that fact to come through at the very beginning of the students’ careers here.”

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news briefs
Dean’s Cup Competition
Matthew Bonness ’03 edged out Marna Whittington ’02 in the final round of the 2002 Dean’s Cup Moot Court Competition, held at the Law School in February. The final-round judges were the Honorable Rosemary Barkett (11th Circuit), the Honorable M. Blane Michael (4th Circuit) and the Honorable Frederick P. Stamp, Jr. (Northern District of West Virginia). The semi-final rounds were judged by Duke Law School professors and administrators. In that round, Whittington (as respondent) prevailed over Drew Dropkin ’03 (as petitioner), and Bonness (as respondent) outscored Amy Carper ’02 (as petitioner). The problem for the competition was based on Owasso School District v. Falvo, which was then before the U.S. Supreme Court. This case concerned how to interpret the Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), and raised the issue whether peer grading violated FERPA by allowing children to see the grades of others. As a general rule, FERPA prohibits schools from revealing children’s grades to individuals other than parents and teachers, and requires schools to allow parents access to students’ permanent records as well as the right to challenge the record. Falvo, a parent, challenged the practice of teachers having children grade each other’s papers in class, arguing that it violated FERPA. The school district claimed that it is a valid educational tool, designed to give students “immediate feedback,” and not prohibited by FERPA. The Supreme Court, one week after the Dean’s Cup competition, reversed and remanded the Tenth Circuit’s decision (534 U.S. 426, 1229 S.Ct. 934 (2002)), holding that FERPA was not violated

Matthew Bonness ’03 poses with Dean Bartlett after winning the Dean’s Cup Moot Court Competition.

because a student assignment does not satisfy the FERPA definition of “education records” at the point when it is graded by another student.

Global Capital Markets Center to Launch Directors’ Education Institute at Duke
In response to corporate scandals and subsequent regulatory initiatives designed to prevent recurrences, the Global Capital Markets Center is launching a directors’ education program. The Directors' Education Institute at Duke University will kick off October 21-23, 2002 with the first in a series of programs that will bring academic experts from both Duke Law School and the Fuqua School of Business together with policymakers, corporate executives and representatives from the legal and financial services industries. Discussions will focus on ethics, improving corporate governance, addressing fiduciary duties and director education. “Broad public participation and integrity drive the growth of our markets,” said Dick Grasso, chairman and CEO of the New York Stock Exchange. “Restoring investor trust and confidence is the greatest issue facing corporate America today. The program at Duke is an important forum for discussing how to take steps toward restoring that trust.” In addition to Grasso, headlining the inaugural conference of the institute are Harvey L. Pitt, chairman of the United States Securities & Exchange Commission; Leo C. O’Neill, president of Standard & Poor’s Corp.; and Leo F. Strine Jr., vice chancellor of the Delaware Court of Chancery. “We are responding to recent recommendations by the Securities and Exchange Commission and the NYSE to expand support for education programs for corporate directors and officers at universities such as Duke,” said Stephen M. Wallenstein, professor of the practice of law, business and finance and executive director of the Global Capital Markets Center. “We expect that the program will become a guiding force in the teaching and development of best practices for corporate directors in light of recent regulatory initiatives.” The agenda includes several learningfocused breakout sessions on subjects ranging from litigation issues confronting directors to audit committee effectiveness and executive and director compensation. Additional conferences of the Directors' Education Institute program are scheduled for March 2003 at Duke and July 2003 at the Duke-Geneva Institute in Transnational Law in Switzerland. For more information and registration, please visit



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Duke Law Hosts FCC and ‘Music and Theft’ Events
Following on the success of the October 2001 conference on the public domain, Duke Law School hosted two symposia in the spring of 2002 examining issues in intellectual property law. Prominent speakers from the communications world discussed “The Role of the Federal Communications Commission in the Digital Era,” a conference organized by Duke Law Fellow William Friedman. Participants included Yochai Benkler, whom renowned Stanford Law Professor Larry Lessig has called the “leading communications theorist” of our time and Michael Katz, former chief economist at the FCC and current chief of economic research at the antitrust division of the Department of Justice. This conference followed the fall 2001 guest lecture by former FCC Chief Economist Gerald Faulhaber on “Network Effects and Merger Review: The Case of AOL-Time Warner.” That discussion exemplified Duke’s commitment to leadership in the new legal realms of the digital era and demonstrated the breadth of the legal concerns arising out of the digitization of information, Friedman said. “Among the key points, the panelists agreed that the rapid rise of the Internet has confounded traditional communications law categories and challenged long held beliefs about how intellectual property should be produced, used and shared,” he said. The second spring event, “Music and Theft: Technology, Sampling, and the Law” brought together practitioners and theorists to discuss music sampling’s technological foundations, artistic and cultural implications, and legal ramifications. Participants included sampling wunderkind DJ Spooky, seminal cultural theorist Dick Hebdige, music theorists and professors Anthony Kelley and Scott Lindroth, music historian and theorist David Sanjek, several prominent music attorneys and legal academics, as well as conference organizer and Duke Law Fellow Daphne Keller. Keller, a senior fellow in intellectual property at Duke Law and co-author of Metainformation, Technical Devices, and Self-Regulation: Parental Control in a Converged World, hosted as well as participated in the symposium. The event achieved its goal of teaching artists and cultural theorists more about the law and exposing lawyers to more information about current cultural theory and music production. “Several of the musicians and cultural studies professors expressed shock at how deeply the law permeated their field, and said the conference exposed them to important legal issues for the first time,” she said.


Prominent speakers from the communications world discussed “The Role of the Federal Communications Commission in the Digital Era,” underscoring Duke Law’s commitment to leadership in emerging legal realms.

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news briefs
Death Penalty Conference Held in Geneva
Questions explored in the two-day gathering included: • What are the evolving international standards of just punishment in general and of the use of capital punishment in particular? • Why is the United States among Western democracies uniquely resistant to strong international pressures to abolish the death penalty or moderate its use? • What will be the likely effect of the events of the September 11 attacks on the international community’s tolerance of the United States’ use of the death penalty? Many European scholars and politicians attribute the continuation of the death penalty in the United States to stubbornness and a bent toward violence, said conference organizer Jim Coleman, senior associate dean of academic affairs and professor of the practice of law. Coleman was past chair of the Individual Rights and Responsibilities Section of the ABA and was instrumental in the ABA passage in 1997 of resolution calling for a moratorium on the death penalty. He now chairs the steering committee for the American Bar Association death penalty moratorium implementation project. Coleman hopes to publish several papers prepared for the conference as well as a transcript of the proceedings –papers that could contribute to changing American thought on the issue and how the international community responds to America’s retention of the death penalty. Sponsors of the two-day conference, called “International Law, Human Rights, and the Death Penalty,” included Duke Law School, William Louis-Dreyfus ’57, the Josiah Charles Trent Memorial Foundation, David Donovan of Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering, Stephen Hanlon of Holland & Knight, and Cardinal William Keeler, archbishop of Baltimore.

Jim Coleman, senior associate dean of academic affairs, organized, with Senior Lecturing Fellow Cindy Adcock, the Geneva death penalty conference.

More than 50 legal scholars, judges, lawyers, journalists and others from Europe and North America gathered in a Duke-led conference in Geneva this July to discuss an issue that often bitterly divides leaders of the two continents: the death penalty. A key goal was to seek understanding and common ground between the countries that do and do not maintain the death penalty, which has been abolished in the European Union.

Romanian Judges Visit Duke Law
Duke Law played host for an afternoon in July to a distinguished group of visitors: seven judges from Romania traveling across the U.S. to learn more about the American judicial system and the role of professional judges’ associations. The judges, along with three interpreters, sat in on Professor John Conley’s civil procedure class and then gathered for lunch with Conley and Professor Jonathan Wiener. Discussion touched topics of law ranging from U.S. environmental codes to death penalty cases to changes in Romanian judicial procedures since the fall of the Ceaucescu regime a dozen years ago. The judges, each leaders of regional judges’ associations in Romania, are working to modernize and decentralize Romania’s court system. In their three-week visit to America, which included stops at universities and courthouses on both coasts, the judges hoped to gather practical experience to share with judges and universities back home. Their trip to the United States was sponsored by the International Visitor Program of the U.S. State Department.

Ioan Apostu, judge inspector of the Galati Court of Appeals and president of the Union of the Romanian Judges’ Professional Association, discusses legal issues with Duke Law professors John Conley and Jonathan Wiener.



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Clinic Links Duke Law with Special Court in Sierra Leone


Professor Madeline Morris, pictured with Ambassador Allieu Kanu, Sierra Leone’s permanent representative to the United Nations, boards a helicopter in Freetown, Sierra Leone this summer.

We definitely can complement the work that the prosecution will do. This will be both a fascinating learning experience and a very compelling challenge for the students involved.
— Madeline Morris, professor of law

Through a special two-semester clinic created by Duke Law Professor Madeline Morris, eight Duke Law students have an opportunity this year to work with the Special Court for Sierra Leone, a combination national and international court for prosecuting war criminals in that country. Professor Morris has been named advisor to the prosecutor of the Special Court. Her own work as an expert advisor will dovetail with the work of the students in the clinic. Morris, also faculty director of the Law School’s Duke-Geneva Institute in Transnational Law, said the Special Court represents a new type of cooperation for agencies prosecuting war criminals and offers students great opportunities for practical experience. Previously, modern efforts to prosecute war criminals have been conducted either by the United Nations (as in the international criminal tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda), or by individual countries. In the case of Sierra Leone, however, that country will work in concert with the UN to seek justice. “You have a country entering into a bilateral treaty with the United Nations to create a court with national and international aspects,” she said. The court’s work follows a brutal civil war that through much of the 1990s left

tens of thousands dead, thousands of people maimed or wounded and as many as one million people displaced from their homes. Prosecutions will be brought for crimes under international humanitarian law as well as the domestic law of Sierra Leone, a country of about five million people on the western coast of Africa. Judges for the court will come from all over the world. Students in the Duke Law Clinic for the Special Court for Sierra Leone, who also will take the seminar The Enforcement of International Human Rights: International Criminal Law, will help the prosecution with the provision of in-depth legal research. Much of the communication between the students and the prosecutor’s office – in Freetown, Sierra Leone’s capital – will be done by phone, fax and email. But Morris also is hoping for a visit or two from the prosecutor and, perhaps, a trip for her students to Freetown. Morris also notes that this is not the first time Duke Law students have provided services to legal institutions in Africa. The School previously operated an international development clinic for South Africa. Students in the Sierra Leone clinic will act as junior associates, performing research and providing legal analysis for use by the prosecutor. Morris, who

traveled to Sierra Leone to meet with officials there this summer, knows some of the complicated issues they will help research. For example, in a 1999 peace agreement between the government and rebel forces, the government offered a blanket amnesty to the rebels to help end hostilities. But rebel forces have subsequently breached provisions of the agreement, raising questions as to the effect of the 1999 amnesty. Another question to be addressed is what immunities, if any, would apply to officials from neighboring states who might share responsibility for war crimes in Sierra Leone. Morris said her students will learn a lot, but they also have plenty to offer the Special Court. Inevitably, given the novel legal questions that will face the court, the prosecutor’s office will need all the research help it can get, she said. Also, Duke Law School has a bounty of research materials for the students to use – materials that are in short supply in Sierra Leone. “We definitely can complement the work that the prosecution will do,” Morris said. “This will be both a fascinating learning experience and a very compelling challenge for the students involved.”


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news briefs
Comparative law scholar gives inaugural Herbert L. Bernstein Memorial Lecture
Professor Dr. Hein D. Kötz, dean of Bucerius Law School in Hamburg, Germany, and a noted scholar in comparative law, gave the inaugural Herbert L. Bernstein Memorial Lecture on September 10. In a speech entitled “Civil Justice Systems in Europe and the United States,” he addressed the essential differences between the European and American civil justice systems and their relevance to reform. “This issue is appropriate as an inaugural topic for a lecture series that we hope will inspire research and study of comparative law,” said Dean Katharine Bartlett. “It is also a fitting topic with which to honor Herbert Bernstein.” Professor Bernstein, a specialist in contract, comparative and private international law, taught at Duke Law School from 1984 to 2001, when he died unexpectedly. In recognition of his contributions to the legal community and legal education, the Law School established the Herbert L. Bernstein Memorial Lecture earlier this year to bring to Duke each year a distinguished comparative and international law scholar to give a public lecture to the Law School community. Prior to becoming dean of Bucerius Law School in 2000, Kötz was director of the Max Planck Institute in Hamburg, where he was a colleague of Professor Bernstein. He also was a member of the University of Hamburg law faculty. “Comparative law would be easy if only we all were as good as Hein Kötz,” said Ralf Michaels, associate professor at Duke Law and formerly a professor at the Max Planck Institute. “Indeed, Kötz has the rare talent to make anything look easy. Where we may think we are facing an unbridgeable gap between incommensurable legal orders, Kötz not only builds a bridge for us–often he makes the whole gap disappear before our very eyes. Listening to Kötz is an intellectual delight for those willing to follow him, and a threat to those unwilling, because his forceful argumentative style as well as his winning charms make it exceedingly difficult to disagree with him even in the rare case that we should want to do so.” Bucerius is the first private law school in Germany, and aims to reform the teaching of law in that country. It has a special program in international and comparative business law, with courses taught in English, and has developed exchange relationships with Duke and other U.S. law schools. The Bernstein family requests that any memorial gifts be designated to the Herbert L. Bernstein Memorial Fund at Duke University School of Law. Please contact Lisa Wechsler, Director of Special International Projects, for further information at 919-613-7280 or

Professor Herbert L. Bernstein, who is honored with the memorial lecture series.

Professor Dr. Hein D. Kötz, inaugural speaker and dean of Bucerius Law School in Hamburg, Germany

Corrections: In the Spring 2002 issue of Duke Law Magazine, the date of the death of Thomas F. Blackwell ‘86 was incorrectly reported as January 9, 2002. Blackwell was among those killed in the shootings at Appalachian School of Law on January 16, 2002. We regret the error. Also in the Spring 2002 issue, G. Gray Wilson ‘76 was inadvertently left off the reported list of Duke Law alumni named as North Carolina’s “Legal Elite” by Business North Carolina magazine. The Charlotte-based magazine devoted its January 2002 issue to the best business lawyers in the state, as voted by their peers. Wilson, a founding partner of the Winston Salem-based law firm Wilson & Iseman, LLP, earned top honors in litigation. His two volume treatise, North Carolina Civil Procedure, was published in 1989. A past chair of the Young Lawyers Division of the North Carolina Bar Association, Wilson has been inducted into the American College of Trial Lawyers and recognized by the Best Lawyers in America. We regret the error.
Gray Wilson ‘76



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Spotlight on Public Interest & Pro Bono
More Stipends Awarded for Fellowships
A record 39 law students received 2002 summer fellowship stipends that are available exclusively to Duke Law students to accept non-paying governmental or nonprofit positions around the country and the world. Students in the Public Interest Law Foundation (PILF) raised about $40,000 through an auction, sale of Duke Law gear, and pledges from students to help pay those stipends. The Law School contributed $10,000 to the amount raised by students. PILF is eager to involve alumni in the auction this year to raise enough funds to keep up with demand. Duke’s Nicholas School of Environment selected 10 Law students to receive Stanback grants to work with environmental organizations. The Burdman and Steckley/Weitzel endowments (from gifts by Dick Burdman ‘56, Associate Dean Linda Steckley, and her husband Pete Weitzel) financed three fellowships. The NC State Bar, through the Interest on Lawyers’ Trust Account program, again provided funds for five students to work in positions in North Carolina.

Law and the Innocence Project. The students will work with Associate Dean Carol Spruill and Cindy Adcock ‘91, a senior lecturing fellow.

Clinic to Offer More Practical Training
A new program, The Community Economic Development (CED) Clinic, will provide Duke Law students with practical skills training in many of the core skills required in transactional legal practice. The students will develop drafting, negotiation, client counseling and other key skills through their representation of low-income entrepreneurs and nonprofit organizations on a broad range of community development and affordable housing matters. The director of the clinic is Andrew Foster, who has worked in the CED field for the past decade. Prior to coming to Duke Law School, he practiced with the Womble Carlyle law firm, where he helped to found the firm’s Community Development Law Team.

will list public interest-related job announcements. We hope the webboard will foster a dialogue between alumni and students on public service, leadership and professionalism, and foster individual contact between alumni and students who are seeking assistance in finding a job and deciding what type of work they wish to do.


Book Club Examines First Amendment Rights
First amendment scholar, University of Richmond law professor, and author Rod Smolla ’78 spoke at Duke Law School on March 7 as part of the Public Interest Book Club. Smolla’s book, Deliberate Intent: A Lawyer Tells the True Story of Murder by the Book chronicles the case of Rice v. Paladin Enterprises, Inc. Paladin published Hit Man: A Technical Manual for Independent Contractors, which gave step-by-step instructions on how to commit a murder for hire. Following a 1993 case in which a hired assassin murdered three people according to the techniques outlined in Hit Man, the victims’ family filed suit against the publisher for aiding and abetting the crime. Smolla was a member of the plaintiff’s team of lawyers, and the case was settled before it went to trial. The book became a made-fortelevision movie broadcast in 2000. Prior to this case, Smolla was an avid first amendment advocate, said Carol Spruill, associate dean for public interest activities and special projects. “Here, he was being asked to break ranks. Because the publication of this book resulted in the death of three people, he had arrived at the conclusion that this was a situation that went too far.” Smolla was the fifth author and second Duke Law alumnus to address The Public Interest Book Club during the 2001-2002 academic year, its 10th year. For a full list of past books and authors, visit

Loan Repayment Program Shifts
The Duke Law School faculty has expanded eligibility for the Loan Repayment Assistance Program that enables students with high debts to have the option of working in the nonprofit and governmental sectors. Among other changes, the floor for full subsidy was raised from $25,000 to $35,000. The ceiling, where assistance tapers to zero, was raised from $45,000 to $60,000. Kendra Montgomery-Blinn ’03, who headed a student committee proposing the expansion, is organizing students to seek endowment money so that the expanded program can be fully financed.

Students Take on Greater Leadership Roles
The Office of Public Interest and Pro Bono has reorganized to put students into leadership roles for all of its activities. A new Public Interest and Pro Bono Board includes 20 plus students who each take responsibility for organizing one of the featured activities of the office. These include the Public Interest Retreat, the Public Interest Book Club, the First Monday celebration of public interest and the law, the Summer Public Interest Employment Recognition Day and “Table Talk,” the Faculty Lives in Public Service series, the Fall Kick-Off, a proposed Southern Justice Mission Trip for spring break, the student review of Loan Repayment Assistance, and groups of students working in various areas of pro bono practice, such as domestic violence, Street

New Webboard Available
The Public Interest and Pro Bono web site ( has added a new webboard for both students and alumni. We urge alumni to log on (contact us to receive the password) and share what you are doing in public sector jobs, pro bono, or community activities. The site also

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Spanning the Globe
Duke Leads the Way in International Law Teaching and Scholarship
By Jonathan Goldstein


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To a great extent, the expansion of programs at Duke Law tells the tale of international growth: • The Master of Laws (LLM) program has grown from a mere handful of applicants in 1982 to more than 800 this year. Choosing from among so many qualified applicants – for a class of about 70 carefully selected students – has become an increasingly difficult task. • Eleven international alumni clubs have sprung up in countries around the world, from Argentina to Belgium, from Denmark to Tokyo. • Two summer institutes in transnational law, one in Geneva and one in Hong Kong, offer students from the U.S. and as many as 20 other countries broad opportunities to learn comparative and international law and make contacts that will benefit them throughout their careers. • Students also participate in externships and exchanges in more than a dozen countries on five continents, often leading to future job offers and other work opportunities. This fall, 20 Duke Law students are participating in those programs. Still more students work and learn through informal arrangements in other countries. • Duke runs or participates in three special academic centers that engage students and faculty in topics including the envi-

ronment, global capitalism and national security, all with an international perspective. (See related piece in this section for details about these programs.) • Duke works with universities overseas to create faculty exchanges and collaborations, such as the Program in Public Law that links Duke Law with the University of Cambridge in England, as well as a visiting scholars program that each year brings to Duke Law academics and practitioners from countries as diverse as South Korea, Australia, China, Italy and Japan.

Judy Horowitz on a trip to Seoul.

Delving into the unknown
“When I first came to Duke, I wondered how we would attract students from all over the world to Durham,” said Judy Horowitz, associate dean for international studies. “Duke is now in the forefront of international legal education. In 1981 it would have been hard to predict such growth.” Horowitz came to Duke from American University 21 years ago, where she had directed a program for African educators, and immediately set to work expanding international programs. She received that charge from then-Dean Paul Carrington. “He told me to run with it and see what I could develop,” Horowitz said. Few administrators had Horowitz’s level of preparation to extend Duke Law into other countries. An enthusiastic traveler,

Horowitz already had lived, traveled and given lectures abroad, in particular in West Africa for the U.S. Information Service. Her husband, Duke Law Professor Donald Horowitz, is one of the world’s leading experts on ethnic strife, and, as a couple, they had seen much of the world by the early 1980s. Early in her tenure at Duke, Dean Horowitz logged tens of thousands of miles to introduce the Law School to students around the world. Throughout the 1980s, she spoke at and visited universities and met with alumni in a host of countries, including Germany, Russia, Denmark, South Africa, Argentina, Chile and Malaysia. Not only was she talking with potential students about opportunities to study at Duke Law, but she also was learning about other university systems and the credentials of lawyers in those other countries. In time, both Horowitz and Duke became well



Duke is now in the forefront of international legal education.
— Judy Horowitz, associate dean for international studies

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known in legal education circles around the world.

The changing world
James White, consultant emeritus with the American Bar Association, says the time was ripe from the late 1970s through the 1990s for legal education at Duke and other American law schools to take an international stage. Domestic companies were growing into multi-national corporations; political alliances and treaties were shifting and changing; and even the simplest of businesses were finding that an understanding of the laws in a single country wouldn’t always be sufficient to help them grow and prosper. White estimates the number of American law schools with overseas programs to have grown from fewer than 10 in the early 1970s to about 170 today. “The programs really took off beginning in about 1990,” he said. “I think it’s a clear reflection of how the practice of law has become increasingly global.” The shifting winds of geopolitics often powered, but sometimes stalled those trends. The breakup of the Soviet Union and growing openness throughout Eastern Europe proved a boon for American law schools seeking international students and looking to open their own programs abroad, he said. Greater openness in China and the expansion of the World Trade Organization left: Tatsuhiko Kamiyama LLM ’02, left, and Hirohi Murakami LLM ’02, display traditional Japanese garb at last year’s International Week celebrations. right: Don Suh JD/LLM ’02, and Sang-Soo Jun JD ’02, cook up Korean barbeque at the International Food Fiesta. Sang-Soo Jun captured the grand prize at the event.

also created new opportunities for exchanges in legal education. Conversely, periodic crackdowns on freedoms in other countries have sometimes blocked efforts, though not always for long. The fallout of September 11 has increased the difficulty of traveling to the United States, but if anything it has also increased the demand for international education and Duke Law’s international offerings. Through the years, White said, Duke has been a leader in international programs, largely because of strong administration and thoughtful planning. By the 1990s, he said, the ABA had singled out Duke’s international programs as a model for other schools, and in 1999, with sponsorship from the American Bar Association, Duke Law hosted a well-attended conference on graduate legal education for foreign lawyers. Representatives attended from almost every U.S. law school with an LLM program. “Duke Law School is very well known internationally,” White said. “It’s a very well regarded program.”

LLM brings students from around the world
The one-year LLM program offers foreign law graduates an introduction to the legal system and practice of law in the U.S. as well as the opportunity to train in specialized areas of law. In addition to taking “Distinctive Aspects of American Law” and

a course in legal analysis, research and writing, LLM students enroll in a variety of firstyear and upper-level courses in which they study side-by-side with students enrolled in the regular JD program. Many of these students come to Duke with several years of experience in their home country practicing law or working with a corporation, bank or other financial institution. Others have been judges, prosecutors, government officials or college professors. In addition to their legal coursework and opportunities to take courses in business and public policy, LLM students visit North Carolina courts, law firms and the Supreme Court of the United States to see the American legal system in action and to begin making contacts. Daisy Birtalan, who completed the LLM program in 2002 after earning a law degree in her native Vienna, saw multiple reasons for supplementing her legal education with a year at Duke. Birtalan is considering a career in international trade and business, and for that an understanding of the American legal system is imperative. She enjoyed the freedom Duke’s program gave her to choose a variety of courses to bolster her legal knowledge. On top of those academic advantages, the collegial environment of the program made her feel at home. “We are a big family,” she said of the LLM students. “We supported

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My experience here was 100 percent positive.
— Federico Lander LLM’02, JD’04

” of Japan, which sends a Japanese judge to the School each year. A connection with the Ministry of Justice in Korea and the Supreme Court of Korea also brings a steady stream of Korean prosecutors and judges.

each other in good and bad. This is a big advantage.” Horowitz, Jennifer Maher JD’83 and assistant dean for international studies, and other administrators and faculty go out of their way to make the international students feel at home, organizing, for example, a series of lunches, lectures and other meetings. 2002 also saw the School’s first “International Week,” which included sports events, an international film night and an international food fiesta that featured more than 100 dishes prepared by students, faculty and staff. Federico Lander LLM’02, JD’04, who came to Duke from Caracas, Venezuela, recalls the food fiesta as a highlight of the social programs for international students. “It’s an easy way to approach a different culture,” said Lander, who himself brought fried plantains and cheese to the meal. “You just have to feel a little bit curious about food.” These students share knowledge of their culture, as well as their home countries’ legal systems, with American Duke Law students. And as the LLMs return home with Duke degrees, many become ambassadors for Duke programs, advising their countrymen to consider Duke. “I will be promoting Duke as much as I can,” said Lander, who participated in the LLM program along with his wife, Clara Granier. “My experience here was 100 per-

cent positive, and I would like to share that with a lot of people. I will try to send as many students as I can.” Many students note that informal advice about Duke from alumni in their home countries helped them learn more about the School, navigate the application process and ultimately decide to attend the program.

Summer institutes mix students, faculty from around the world
Duke Law initiated summer institutes abroad for American and international students in 1986, with an overseas program in Denmark that partnered Duke with the University of Copenhagen. Faculty came from Duke Law as well as Denmark and other countries, with students drawn in equal numbers from the U.S., primarily from Duke, and from other countries for a series of courses, seminars and other academic and cultural activities. Growth was steady. Enrollment climbed from 30 students at first to 71 by 1990. In 1991, the program moved to Brussels, where students and faculty benefited from living and learning in the heart of the European Community. The program made its most recent move in 1997 to its present location in Geneva, where students focus on public and private international law, comparative law and international trade. Several factors influenced the move to Switzerland, Dean Horowitz said, including a strong invitation from the University of Geneva Law Faculty, a chance to solidify ties with Swiss alumni and an opportunity to

JD/LLM and visiting scholars
Through the joint JD/LLM program, Duke Law students focus on international and comparative law, earning both degrees in three years. Those students are required to take a portion of their first-year curriculum during their first summer and attend one of the summer programs in transnational law. Duke is a leader in offering this type of three-year joint degree and is one of the only top-tier law schools in the country to do so. The program, begun in 1986, admits 20-30 students per year. Most of the students are from the U.S., but some also enroll from other countries. The Visiting Scholars program also adds international brainpower to the Law School. Through that program, judges, prosecutors, international alumni and others come to the School for their own research projects and sometimes to audit classes or teach a legal language course. Duke Law, which usually hosts about a dozen scholars at any given time, has an especially strong tie to the Supreme Court

Brian Sumner JD/MA political science ‘04, participated in the Geneva summer program and worked with the United States Mission to the World Trade Organization.

Frank Chao JD/LLM ’04, participated in the Hong Kong summer program, traveled in Asia and worked in a Korean law firm.



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The role of interdisciplinary centers in globalization at Duke
Duke Law students can explore the environment, capitalism and national security – all with a global perspective – through three innovative interdisciplinary programs.

The Duke Center for Environmental Solutions is a University-wide initiative that brings together faculty and students to address complex environmental problems, their institutional dimensions, and creative solutions. Duke Law Professor Jonathan Wiener serves as the Center’s faculty director, and Duke Law Professor Christopher Schroeder sits on the Center’s executive committee. The Center helps connect the Law School to the Nicholas School of the Environment & Earth Sciences, the Sanford Institute of Public Policy, the Fuqua School of Business, and the Pratt School of Engineering and Arts & Sciences. The Center’s work addresses the most important environmental challenges, both in the United States and internationally. Its major conference in 2001-02 examined the emergence of certification programs, from no-sweatshop apparel to shade-grown coffee and sustainably harvested timber. A project for 2002-03 is a series of transatJonathan Wiener lantic dialogues, organized with the European Commission, on the debate between the U.S. and Europe over the “precautionary principle.” Two dialogues have been held in Brussels and Washington DC, with a third planned in Berlin and fourth at Duke next year. Another of the Center’s projects addresses global environmental policy, including a new strategy for sensible progress on climate change after the impasse over the Kyoto Protocol. The Center also will co-host conferences on “The Malaria-DDT Dilemma” and “Dealing with Disasters” in fall 2002. “The essence of environmental problems is interconnection,” said Wiener. “The Center for Environmental Solutions focuses Duke's multidisciplinary expertise on these complex issues, from the local to the global.” Visit to see more about this Center.

The Global Capital Markets Center, founded in 1998, is a collaboration between Duke Law and the Fuqua School of Business, and led by Executive Director Stephen Wallenstein, professor of the practice of law, business and finance. Faculty affiliated with the Center develop interdisciplinary courses in both business law and finance with an international perspective. Goals are to perform interdisciplinary research and train students for careers in the growing fields of business and law that transcend national boundaries; deepen the understanding of Stephen Wallenstein global capital markets through research and conferences; and provide high-level executive training programs on important policies and issues, such as corporate governance. Another mission is to address issues affecting the development of capital markets worldwide through various forums including conferences, seminars and papers. The Center reaches every corner of the globe through various activities. In addition to the many meetings it hosted in the U.S. this year, Center conferences, seminars and programs were held in Hong Kong, London, Frankfurt, Brussels, Brazil, Argentina and Chile. “The GCMC leverages the corporate faculty of the Law School with the finance faculty of the Fuqua School of Business, providing students unparalleled access to ongoing discussions about legal and business issues around the world,” Wallenstein said. Visit mark/ to learn more about this Center.

The Center on Law, Ethics & National Security, led by Executive Director Scott Silliman, professor of the practice of law, was founded in 1993 by Robinson Everett a longtime professor of law at Duke and a former chief judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces. The Center promotes teaching, research and publications concerning national security law topics and also conducts conferences and seminars on national security. It addresses such wide-ranging topics as separation of powers issues, war and emergency powers available to the president and the congress, use of force under the Constitution and international law, the role of the judiciary in national security matters, international humanitarian law and the law of war, domestic and international forums for prosecuting terrorists, access to national security information in the federal courts, and many others. These issues often involve an analysis of law and policy, both from a domestic and international perspective. Since the September 11 terrorist attacks, the Center’s work has taken on an even greater international dimension as Silliman and others have sought to put a legal framework to America’s response to the attacks. “There has been Scott Silliman a tremendous increase in inquiries from the press, whether it be television, radio or the print media” he said. “Besides reporters from this country, we've dealt extensively with the BBC and other representative news organizations from the European and Asian media, all of whom are trying to understand what the U.S. is doing in its 'war against terrorism’.” “Our Center has become very much involved in informing the continuing public debate on terrorism-related issues,” noted Silliman, “and we view that as an important part of our function.” Go to to learn more about this Center.


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The students, faculty and staff of the summer Asia-America Institute in Transnational Law in Hong Kong for 2002.

create a program of study to emphasize public international law, international organizations and international trade. Easy access to United Nations offices and other international institutions in Geneva has not been lost on students or faculty. Brian Sumner, JD/MA political science ’04, spent this summer at the Geneva program, where he knew his coursework would be supplemented with plenty of opportunities to learn about law-related careers that could take him to virtually any spot on the globe. “I knew this would be one of the best places to pursue those sorts of goals,” said Sumner, who grew up in Raleigh, NC. “The opportunities to meet with professionals in a diverse set of international careers are unmatched elsewhere.” It didn't take Sumner long to make the most of his time in Geneva. Apart from his coursework, he worked with the United States Mission to the World Trade Organization. Among the projects he has worked on are high-profile trade disputes over issues such as U.S. steel tariffs and Canadian softwood lumber subsidies. “I feel rather strongly that I'd like to go into international trade law practice," Sumner said. “So, for me, this has been a perfect fit.” With the European summer institutes firmly established, Duke Law pushed forward with an Asian program in 1995, creating the Asia-America Institute in

Transnational Law through a partnership with the University of Hong Kong Law Faculty. Courses in the summer Hong Kong Institute this year focused on law governing electronic commerce, the World Trade Organization and China, international financial transactions, Chinese commercial law, and comparative dispute resolution. The faculty came from countries and legal backgrounds as varied as Italy, China, South Africa and Japan. Frank Chao, JD/LLM ’04, entered that Institute this summer to further his career goal of working in Hong Kong. He also used his time in Asia to travel and expand his knowledge of Asian culture. The classes and lectures he attended were enlightening, he said, and the informal contacts he made were invaluable. Chao also spent time working at a Korean law firm before the summer program began. “Being here and learning about Chinese law is vital for the path I want to pursue,” Chao said. “Meeting partners at various law firms affords me the opportunity to make contacts in Hong Kong. The program coordinators have done a good job in arranging law firm visits for the students. However, it is up to me to follow up on these contacts.”

Faculty exchanges and collaborations add perspectives
In an effort to bring new ideas to Duke Law and to share the experience of Duke Law faculty with schools in other countries, several exchanges have developed in recent years. Among them are collaborations between Duke Law and the University of Cambridge in England, Korea’s Seoul National University, Tsinghua University in Beijing, China, and Waseda University in Tokyo, Japan. Professors Chris Schroeder and Francesca Bignami both spent time at Cambridge in the spring 2002 semester, and Ivan Hare, a Cambridge lecturer, came to Duke Law to teach a joint comparative and constitutional law class. The three worked with other Cambridge faculty to teach students at both schools in what Schroeder dubbed a “parallel course” that enriched the education of students on both sides of the Atlantic. “We could be doing even more of that in the future,” Schroeder said, adding that more teleconferences are likely this year. Another faculty exchange will bring a professor from Seoul National University here this year to teach an intellectual prop-



The opportunities to meet with professionals in a diverse set of international careers are unmatched elsewhere.
—Brian Sumner, JD/MA political science ’04

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erty course and will send Duke Law Professor Jerome Reichman to that school this fall. The relationship between Duke Law and SNU continues to grow, with the possibility of a student exchange program in the future, said Horowitz, who twice has been elected chair of the Association of American Law Schools Section on Graduate Law Programs for Foreign Law Graduates.

Technology impacts admissions, classes, career opportunities
Despite all of the opportunities for Duke Law students to travel abroad and for students from other countries to visit Duke, the Law School has consistently looked for other ways to forge closer links with scholars and practitioners around the globe. The Internet and email have made communicating with students, lawyers and academics around the world far easier and doubtlessly have led more students to learn about and apply to Duke Law, Horowitz said. And with improving video technologies, the Law School has found an increasingly popular niche for bridging the gap between countries and continents.

For example, Professor Thomas Metzloff led a distance-learning program with Tsinghua University in 2001, in which students and faculty used a variety of technologies to talk with each other and participate in class. Metzloff spent about a week at Tsinghua and was assisted in his work by David Warren ’64, who has a keen interest in China and added to the course. Much of the “Distinctive Aspects of American Law” course Metzloff taught at Tsinghua operated through videoconferences, Internet-based lectures and DVDs when he returned to Duke. Professor Jim Coleman, senior associate dean for academic affairs, joined in the video conferencing for additional sections of the course. Like their peers around the world, the students in China were a receptive audience to information on American law, Metzloff said. “They’re very anxious to bridge the gap between the Chinese and American legal systems,” he said. Metzloff already is thinking of repeating the course next year and is looking to expand into other countries as well. Last year, Duke Law hosted three career videoconferences, in which students

could “meet” with overseas alumni all over the world without leaving the Law building. Participants included Erik Schmidt JD’97, who works at Credit Suisse First Boston in Frankfurt and also has worked at law firms in the U.S. and Germany; Charlie Broll JD’97, who worked at Hunton & Williams in Hong Kong; and E.J. Flynn Duke ’81, who is coordinator for Europe & North America for the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in Geneva. Each spoke about career experiences and getting started in international law. “It was like having them right there,” said Maher, the assistant dean for international studies. “The students were comfortable asking questions about what it was like working overseas and how to position themselves so they could work overseas.” This year, Horowitz hopes to increase the number to five videoconferences. “This is a wonderful opportunity to make contact with our overseas alumni and learn about their work thousands of miles away,” she said. “We are fortunate to have alumni in such interesting jobs who are so willing to jump in to help current students think about critical career decisions. This is such a valuable resource for our students seeking careers in international law.”

These Asian fans are among the many cultural artifacts Dean Horowitz has collected from around the world. Most were given to her by students.

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Left to right: Shivali Shah JD ’02, Trey Childress JD/LLM ’04, Senior Lecturing Fellow Doriane Coleman, and Dean Horowitz at the School’s International Week.

The future
To underscore Duke Law’s commitment to its overseas programs and international emphasis, its Board of Visitors next year will hold its first meeting ever outside the United States. One of the 2003 board meetings is scheduled for mid-July in Geneva in conjunction with Duke's Geneva Institute in Transnational Law. Simultaneously, the Law School will host its second international alumni congress, a major gathering of Duke Law graduates from around the world, and a conference of the Global Capital Markets Center in the same location. Each of the events will build upon one another, with some participants attending two or even all three. Maher said organizers hope more than 100 alumni will join the congress for

four days of fun and educational events, including dancing at the Chateau de Vuillerens just outside the city, a cruise on Lake Geneva and expansion of their business knowledge at some of the GCMC events. The GCMC conference is an effort to expand the Center’s Directors’ Education Institute onto an international stage, said Stephen Wallenstein, executive director of the Center and a professor of the practice of law, business and finance. That Institute teaches participants how to develop a “best practices” framework for making informed board decisions and exercising sound business judgment. Wallenstein said he expects 75-100 participants, who will focus on international corporate governance issues and compare U.S. corporate governance with that of companies in other countries. Board of Visitors Chair Peter Kahn ’76 said the international setting is natural given the School's increasing emphasis on issues that reach around the globe, ranging from criminal law to trade issues to multinational treaties. And with law continuing to expand its reach, Duke Law can do no less, he said.

“Globalization is here to stay,” Kahn said. “Duke has been a leader in recognizing this reality and its importance, and the Board wants to signal its commitment to see Duke’s continued growth and leadership in this field.” Recent hirings at the School underscore that commitment as well. Two new faculty members with profound experience in the fields of international and comparative law – Ralf Michaels, a specialist in conflict of laws and comparative law, and Joost Pauwelyn, an expert on the World Trade Organization, public international law and European Union law – joined Duke Law this year. Meanwhile, the world keeps changing. Horowitz expects the number of Duke Law LLM applicants will continue to rise given current trends in business and politics as well as the Law School’s reputation. “Law School faculty and administrators always are on the lookout for opportunities to begin programs and forge new ties in other countries,” she said. Eventually another summer program could begin in a country such as Japan, England, Chile or another part of China. The possibilities, Horowitz said, are limitless. “The world is a big place, and there are always changes and new opportunities coming up. As long as the United States is a world leader, I can’t see any end to the appeal of our programs.”



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International & Externship Opportunities at Duke Law School
Established Programs Ad Hoc Programs


Bond University (Australia)* Fall semester: approx. September 14-December 21 Spring semester: approx. January 19-April 27

University of Copenhagen (Denmark)* Fall semester: approx. September 1-mid-December Spring semester: approx. February 1-mid-May

Austral University (Argentina) Fall semester: approx. late August-mid-December Spring semester: approx. mid-March-mid-June

Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium)* Fall semester: end of September-January 19 Spring semester: approx. January 26-May 15

University of Geneva (Switzerland)* Fall semester: approx. October 20-February 13 Spring semester: approx. March 9-May 30

Bucerius Law School (Germany) Fall semester: October 1-mid-December Spring semester: unavailable

National University of Singapore (Singapore)* Fall semester: approx. July 14-November 15 Spring semester: approx. January 5-May 2

University of Heidelberg (Germany) Fall semester: approx. October 1-March 31 Spring semester: approx. April 1-July 30

ESADE Law School (Spain) Fall semester: end of September-end of January Spring semester: mid-February-end of May

Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
(Chile) Fall semester: approx. August 5-December 13 Spring semester: approx. early March-mid July

University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong)* Fall semester: approx. September 15- December 15 Spring semester: approx. January 5-May 15

Peking University (China) Externships
Office of Legal Adviser at the U.S. Dept. of State Overseas Private Investment Corporation Center for International Environmental Law Dept. of Commerce Office of General Counsel (Import & Export Administrations; International Commerce) International War Crimes Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia International & Operations Law Division of the Air Force Judge Advocate General’s Dept. International Counsel for Environmental Defense at the Environmental Defense Fund For further information on exchanges and externships or for applications, please contact: Tonya Jacobs, * Courses are taught in English

University of Melbourne (Australia)* St. Petersburg State University (Russia)
Fall semester: approx. September 1-December 25 Spring semester: approx. February 8-June 30 continuous enrollment, consult website

University of Sydney (Australia)* Universite Pantheon-Assas (Paris II) (France) Fall semester: approx. October 2-December 23 Spring semester: unavailable Fall semester: approx. July 28-December 6 Spring semester: approx. March 3-July 5

University of Cape Town (South Africa)* Fall semester: approx. July 20-December 11 Spring semester: approx. February 23-June 26

Waseda University (Japan) Fall semester: approx. October 1-third week of Jan.

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Duke Law welcomes two new faculty members this year who bring the School a heightened level of international expertise. They are Ralf Michaels, a specialist in conflict of laws and comparative law, and Joost Pauwelyn, an expert on the World Trade Organization, public international law and European Union law.

Professor Ralf Michaels has long studied issues involving conflict of laws on an international level, which he examined, along with issues of jurisdiction, as a Joseph Story fellow at Harvard Law School. His area of concentration was the same when he was a fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Foreign Private Law and Private International Law and when he was a research assistant to the chair for private law, conflict of laws and comparative law at Passau University, Germany. He has taught private law and conflict of laws at Passau University, and a seminar, “The Role of German Law Teachers at the Beginning of the Third Reich.” He also taught European integration and conflict of laws at Hamburg University. That experience and scholarship will greatly benefit students interested in international law, said Francesca Bignami, assistant professor of law and a member of the

Duke Law committee that helped choose Michaels. “In Europe, Ralf Michaels is considered one of the most promising comparative law scholars of his generation, and we’re extremely fortunate to have him here at Duke,” she said. “He’ll bring real dynamism to the faculty and engagement

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The reason I came is really the mixture of the School’s academic excellence and its very friendly and collegial atmosphere among the whole Law School community.

the whole Law School community. Plus the hope to get a group of young exciting people together who are interested in international law.” Michaels earned his Dr. jur., summa cum laude, and JD (1st state examination) from the University of Passau Law School, Passau, Germany, and his LLM from King's College, Cambridge University. After earning those degrees, he entered a two-year clerkship (referendariat) at the Hamburg Court of Appeals. Michaels is the recipient of the Hurst Prize for Law, King's College, Cambridge, —Ralf Michaels, associate professor of law the C.J. Hamson Prize in Comparative Law, with the student body.” Added Professor Cambridge University, and a five-year scholJim Cox, who last year headed the Duke arship award from the German National Law faculty appointments committee: “In an Scholarship Foundation. increasingly globalized world, he provides He is currently working on a project just the kind of perspective that our stuabout the globalization of private internadents need to acquire.” tional law as well as several articles about Michaels said a variety of Duke Law’s comparative and European private law. qualities brought him to the School. “The Michaels speaks German, English, French reason I came is really the mixture of the and Spanish. School’s academic excellence and its very friendly and collegial atmosphere among




Professor Joost Pauwelyn’s areas of concentration are international economic law, especially the law of the World Trade Organization, public international law and European Union law. His research focuses on public international law, the relationship between WTO law and other norms of international law, and the settlement of disputes in the WTO and other international tribunals. Within those areas he has made a specialty of health and environmental disputes. “There is nobody alive who knows more about the law and the workings of the World Trade Organization than Joost Pauwelyn,” said Duke Professor of Law and Political Science Donald Horowitz, who led the subcommittee of the Law School’s faculty committee that sought international faculty. “Students know that they’re studying with the person who is at the top of the field.” Pauwelyn received his Bachelor’s degree in law (Cand. Jur.), cum laude, from the University of Namur, Belgium; his master’s degree in law (Lic. Jur.), magna cum laude, from the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium, his Magister Juris, with first class honours, from the University of Oxford, Corpus Christi College, UK, and Ph.D. in law from the University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland.

He was also an Erasmus scholar at the University of London, Queen Mary and Westfield College, a researcher at the University of Stellenbosch, South Africa and attended the Hague Academy of International Law in The Netherlands. Pauwelyn said he was especially impressed with Duke Law’s international programs, including the students, faculty and resources they involve.

Duke has an outstanding international profile, not only in terms of its student body, but also in terms of the courses it offers and the quality of its international law courses, conferences, journals and scholars.
—Joost Pauwelyn, associate professor of law

“Duke has an outstanding international profile, not only in terms of its student body, but also in terms of the courses it offers and the quality of its international law courses, conferences, journals and scholars,” he said. “In addition, the contacts I have had so far with the Duke faculty blew me away: They are very energetic and open-minded and seem to work closely together across disciplines.” Prior to joining the Duke Law faculty, he served as a legal affairs officer for the World

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Trade Organization in Geneva (1996-2002). He has been a visiting fellow at the Centre for Commercial Law Studies, Queen Mary College, University of London, a visiting lecturer at Columbia Law School and an Emile Noel fellow at New York University School of Law. “He brings this vast knowledge of the evolving law of world trade and a vast knowledge of international law in general to Duke,” said Professor Jerome Reichman, himself an expert in world trade. “It's a major coup for our law school and all of our international programs.” Some of Pauwelyn’s former positions have included assistant professor at the University of Neuchâtel and associate in the litigation and public law departments of De Bandt, van Hecke & Lagae law offices in Brussels. He was also a consultant with, among others, the European Energy Charter Secretariat in Brussels and the United Nations University, Tokyo. Pauwelyn has published articles in the field of international trade and public international law and is working on a book on conflict of norms in public international law. He speaks Dutch, English, French, German and Spanish.




Francesca Bignami
Assistant Professor of Law A.B. 1991, Harvard University; M.Sc. 1992, University of Oxford, Balliol College; J.D. 1996, Yale Law School. Fulbright Scholar, European University Institute, 1998. Fellow, German-Marshall Fund. • Teaching areas include comparative public law and European Union law • Current research focuses on problems of legitimacy and accountability in the EU and other systems of international governance, and privacy in the EU
Francesca Bignami

Robert O. Keohane
James B. Duke Professor of Political Science and Professor of Law B.A. 1961, Shimer College; Ph.D. 1966, Harvard University. President of American Political Science Association, 2000-01. President of International Studies Association, 1988-89. • Leading scholar of international cooperation and international organization • Author of After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy (Princeton University Press 1984), arguing for the importance of “international regimes” • Recipient of the second annual Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order • Editor of International Organization issue on “Legalization and World Politics,” later a book of the same name (MIT Press 2001) • Sherill Lecturer, Yale University, “International Relations and International Law: Two Optics,” 1996 • Current research focuses on accountability in international governance

Michael Byers
Associate Professor of Law B.A. 1988, University of Saskatchewan; LL.B. and B.C.L. 1992, McGill University Law School; Ph.D. 1996, Cambridge University; D.Phil. 1996 (by incorporation), Oxford University. Visiting fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law & International Law in Heidelberg, 1996-99; Research fellow at Jesus College, Oxford University 1996-99; Peter North fellow at the Center for Socio-Legal Studies and Keble College, Oxford University, 2001-02 • Author of Custom, Power and the Power of Rules (Cambridge University Press 1999), editor of The Role of Law in International Politics (Oxford University Press 2000), translator and reviser of Wilhelm Grewe's The Epochs of International Law (De Gruyter Press 2000), and a regular contributor to the London Review of Books • Advisor to human rights organizations, including Amnesty International • Director of Duke’s JD/LLM program in International and Comparative Law
Michael Byers

Ralf Michaels
Donald Horowitz

Associate Professor of Law Bachelor’s degree, 1994, Passau University (Germany); Master of Laws, Cambridge University; Doctor Juris, 2000, Passau University. C.J. Hamson Prize in Comparative Law at Cambridge. Hurst Prize for Law, King’s College, Cambridge. fellow, Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Private Law, Hamburg. Joseph Story fellow, Harvard Law School. • Teaching and research interests in conflict of laws, comparative law, European Union law, German civil code

Donald L. Horowitz
James B. Duke Professor of Law and Political Science A.B. 1959, LL.B. 1961, Syracuse University; LL.M. 1962, M.A. 1965, Ph.D. 1968, Harvard University. Research fellow at Harvard Center for International Affairs, the Woodrow Wilson Center, the Brookings Institution, and the Smithsonian Institution. Visiting fellow at Wolfson College, Cambridge. Centennial Professor at the London School of Economics. Member of American Academy of Arts and Sciences since 1993. • Leading international expert in ethnic conflict and accommodation • Author of The Deadly Ethnic Riot (University of California Press 2001); Ethnic Groups in Conflict: Theories, Patterns and Policies (University of California Press 1985); and A Democratic South Africa? Constitutional Engineering in a Divided Society (University of California Press 1991), which won the Ralph J. Bunche Prize for the best book in ethnic and cultural pluralism

Robert Keohane

Madeline Morris
Professor of Law B.A. 1986, J.D. 1989, Yale University • Expert in the international criminal court • Faculty Director of the Duke/Geneva Institute in Transnational Law • Consultant to U.S. State Department, Office of War Crimes Issues • Advisor on justice to the President of Rwanda • Special Consultant to the Secretary of the U.S. Army • Co-Convenor of the Inter-African Cooperation on Truth and Justice program • Consultant and adjunct faculty member of the U.S. Naval Justice School • Advisor to the Prosecutor, Special Court for Sierra Leone • Opening international human rights clinic at Duke in 2002-03, focusing on war crimes in Sierra Leone

Ralf Michaels

Madeline Morris



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Jonathan K. Ocko
Adjunct Professor of Legal History B.A. 1966, Trinity College; M.Phil. 1971, M.A. 1972, Ph.D. 1975, Yale University. Fellowships from Rockefeller, NEH, Chiang Ching-kuo and Luce Foundations. • Author of Bureaucratic Reform in Provincial China (Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University 1983) • Co-editor of Property and Contract in Early Modern China (forthcoming, Stanford University Press) • Teaching and research interests in concept of justice in late imperial China, mediation in Chinese culture, and the concept of contract in Chinese economic culture
Jonathan Ocko

Scott L. Silliman
Professor of the Practice of Law B.A. 1965, J.D. 1968, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill • Executive Director of the Duke Center on Law, Ethics and National Security • Teacher, researcher, frequent guest lecturer and commentator on CNN, National Public Radio, and other network television and radio news programs on issues of terrorism and national security • Prior to joining the faculty at Duke Law School in 1993, served for 25 years as an Air Force attorney and was general counsel for Air Combat Command, the Air Force’s largest organizational command • Supervised deployment of all Air Force attorneys and paralegals incident to Operations Desert Shield/Desert Storm in the Persian Gulf War of 199091, and provided continuing advice to wartime commanders on legal aspects of targeting, rules of engagement, and other operational law issues

Joost Pauwelyn

Joost Pauwelyn
Associate Professor of Law Bachelor’s in law, University of Namur; Master’s in law, Catholic University of Leuven; Magister Juris, University of Oxford, Corpus Christi College; Ph.D. 2001, University of Neuchatel. Visiting fellow, Centre for Commercial Law Studies, Queen Mary College, University of London, 2002. Emile Noel Fellow, NYU, 2001. Visiting scholar, Columbia, 2001. • Legal Affairs Officer, Legal Affairs Division and, thereafter, Appellate Body, World Trade Organization in Geneva, 1996-02 • Assistant Professor, University of Neuchatel, Switzerland, 2000-01 • Teaching and research interests in world trade, dispute settlement in the WTO, international economic law, public international law, and European community law • Current book project on conflicting norms in public international law • Independent consultant to the European Energy Charter, Brussels and UN University, Tokyo

Stephen M. Wallenstein
Jerome Reichman

Scott Silliman

Jerome H. Reichman
Bunyon S. Womble Professor of Law B.A. 1955, University of Chicago; J.D. 1979, Yale University • Leading world expert in international intellectual property law • Consultant to the United Nations Development Program’s flagship project concerning innovation, culture, and biogenetic resources • Special adviser to the United States National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the International Council for Science, on the subject of legal protection for databases • Academic adviser to the American Committee for Interoperable Systems • Consultant to the Technology Program of the United Nations Conference of Trade and Development

Professor of the Practice of Law, Business & Finance B.A. Cornell University; M.A. Harvard University; J.D. 1974, Yale University. Senior Counsel, Corporate Legal Department and Senior Investment Officer, International Finance Corporation, 1972-95. • Executive Director of the Global Capital Markets Center (Law/Fuqua School of Business) • Research and teaching interests in venture capital and private equity; structuring and negotiating international business transactions in Asia, Latin America and Europe; international project finance; capital markets and privatization; comparative equity capital markets; and legal aspects of international finance • Guest lecturer in international law and finance in foreign countries, including Belgium, Brazil, China,Thailand and Argentina

Jonathan B. Wiener
Professor of Law and Professor of Environmental Policy A.B. 1984, J.D. 1987, Harvard University. • Research and teaching interests in international and comparative environmental law, with major focus on contrasting American and European approaches to environmental risks • Faculty Director of Duke’s Center for Environmental Solutions, which focuses on global solutions to international environmental problems

Stephen Wallenstein

Jonathan Wiener

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Michael H. Bradley
F.M. Kirby Professor of Investment Banking and Professor of Law • Faculty Director of the Duke Global Capital Markets Center (Law/Fuqua School of Business) • Teaching and research topics at the intersection of corporate finance and corporate law, including issues of corporate capital structure, mergers and acquisitions, insider trading, fiduciary duties of corporate managers

James D. Cox
Brainerd Currie Professor of Law • Frequent international lecturer on topics relating to research specialties of market regulation, corporate governance, and insider trading • Consultant on corporate governance issues with numerous agencies in foreign countries, including Saudi Arabia, People’s Republic of China, Bosnia, Chile, Taiwan, and Australia

Paul H. Haagen
Professor of Law • Frequent visitor and lecturer on international arbitration, convention on the international sale of goods and related topics at foreign universities, including Johannes Kepler Universitat, Linz, Austria, 2002; Escuela Libre de Derecho in Mexico City, Cambridge University, 1998 • Director of Duke Summer Institute in Transnational Law at Hong Kong in 2001 and of Duke's Program at Cambridge in Anglo-American Legal History in 1989 • Ph.D. in British legal history. Research interests in development of the common law, comparative debtor law, and international sports law arbitration

Paul D. Carrington
Harry R. Chadwick, Sr. Emeritus Professor of Law • Teaches international civil litigation • Frequent international teacher, including recent visits at the University of Tokyo and Albert Ludwigs Universitat in Freiburg, Germany • Has lectured at Jilin University in China, University of Ghent, also Waseda, Doshisha, Keio, Korea, Chuo, Kyoto, Konstanz, Muenster, and Toin universities

Deborah A. DeMott
David F. Cavers Professor of Law • Leading international expert on corporate governance and law, fiduciary oblication, and agency • Centennial Professor at the London School of Economics • Fulbright lecturer at the University of Sydney and Monash University and visiting professor at University of Melbourne and Osgoode Hall

Francis E. McGovern
Professor of Law • Consultant for the United Nations Compensation Commission in Switzerland on process to determine Iraqi compensation for losses suffered in the Persian Gulf War • Frequent international lecturer on mediation and alternative dispute resolution, most recently in Paris at the Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches Internationales • Visiting Professor at the University of Friebourg in Switzerland • Arbitrator for a variety of international disputes

George C. Christie
James B. Duke Professor of Law • Frequent international lecturer, including visits at the University of Athens in 2000 and as a visiting fellow at the Research School of Social Sciences at the Australian National University in Canberra in 2002 • Visiting professor also at the University of Otago in Dunedin, New Zealand, the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, Fudan University in Shanghai, and lecturer at universities in England, Continental Europe, Israel, New Zealand, Australia and China

Robinson O. Everett
Professor of Law • Faculty founder of the Duke Center on Law, Ethics and National Security • Teaching and research specialties in military justice and national security

Thomas B. Metzloff
Professor of Law • Developing innovative curriculum for teaching law to non-U.S. students • Extensive teaching at Tsinghua University in Bejing



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Koichiro Fujikura
Adjunct Professor of Law • Former dean of the law faculty at Doshisha University in Japan; now on the faculty of Law and Policy of Tezukayama University • Pre-eminent scholar on law and the environment in Japan, also comparative law, with particular emphasis on the contrasts between the Japanese and American legal systems • Author of Environmental Law in Japan; A Comparative View of Legal Culture in Japan and the United States; and The Role of Law and Lawyers in Japan and the United States

Richard L. Schmalbeck
Professor of Law • Consultant on tax law reform in other countries including Russia

Laura S. Underkuffler
Professor of Law • Research interests in the nature of corruption and its role in civil and political upheaval, with particular reference to South America; property rights, property theory, and regime change, with particular reference to South Africa • Lecturer at the University of South Africa, Pretoria and the University of Chile, Santiago • Chair, Section on Constitutional Protection of Property, at the International Colloquium: Property Law on the Threshold of the 21st Century, Rijksuniversiteit Limburg, Maastricht, the Netherlands, 1995

Gao Xi-qing
Adjunct Professor of Law • Founder and Vice Chair of the China Securities and Exchange Commission • Teaches Chinese securities law and comparative securities law

Christopher H. Schroeder
Charles S. Murphy Professor of Law and Professor of Public Policy Studies • Director of Joint Duke-Cambridge Program in Public Law

Alejandro Posadas
Visiting Professor of Law • Teaches international law on foreign investment and international economic law • Member of the faculty at CIDE (Center for Economics Research and Teaching) in Mexico City, and former staff member of the Office of the Legal Advisor of the Mexican Secretariat of Foreign Relations

Neil Vidmar
Russell M. Robinson II Professor of Law and Professor of Psychology: Social and Health Sciences • Expert in comparative jury systems • Author of World Jury Systems (Oxford University Press 2000)

H.B. Robertson Jr.
Professor Emeritus and Rear Admiral (Ret.) U.S. Navy • Highest ranking legal officer in the Navy in 1975 • Teaches law of the sea

Steven L. Schwarcz
Professor of Law • Research and teaching interests in global finance, international bankruptcy, structuring of domestic and international capital market financing transactions • Adviser to the United Nations on international receivables financing • Frequent international lecturer, with recent visits at the University of Geneva, and the University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law’s Asian Institute of International Financial Law • Founder and Faculty Director of Duke’s Global Capital Markets Center (Law/Fuqua School of Business)

Nancy Russell Shaw
Senior Lecturing Fellow • Teaches international tax

Katherine Topulos
Senior Lecturing Fellow • Expert in research methods for foreign and international law

Charles Verrill
Senior Lecturing Fellow • Teaches international business transactions and international trade • 40 years of legal practice in Washington DC in international trade law and policy • Trustee of the International Law Institute since 1981

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SEPTEMBER 11 remembered, the following year considered
Though more than a year has passed since the September 11 terrorist attacks, the images and emotions of that day remain fresh in the minds of many Americans. No Duke Law School student, alumni, faculty or staff perished in the attacks, but many lost friends, colleagues and acquaintances. Our world is not the same. U.S. intelligence agencies still hunt for the perpetrators, and talk of massive military action continues. For some Americans, the notion of security, once taken for granted, has become relative. Here, four Law School alumni, each with a close connection to the events of that day, discuss how their lives have changed since then. Professor Scott Silliman, a world-renowned expert on security issues, comments on the legal implications of the war on terrorism.

No American citizen is the same after September 11. It is a question of the degree to which we have let it change our lives.
— Robert Pringle ‘69

Avoiding Fate?
By Robert B. Pringle

Whether a matter of fate or otherwise, my wife and I avoided the doomed United Airlines flight that left Newark on September 11 and crashed into a field in Pennsylvania, ending the lives of many innocent people, a number of whom were true heroes. We originally intended to take that flight on September 10, returning to San Francisco from business in New York City. But my business carried over through all of that Monday and we decided to take a United Airlines flight that left Kennedy Airport the morning of September 11 at 7:00 a.m. rather than the Newark flight. My rationale was that it would get me into my San Francisco office earlier in the day—certainly not that it would permit me to avoid the catastrophic crash at the hands of terrorists. Our plane eventually took off at 7:30 a.m. from Kennedy Airport. It was a truly beautiful morning, and my wife and I were well ensconced in business class (one of the few benefits of being a perennial 100K flier in recent years). A little over an hour out of Kennedy, my wife returned from the galley, noting that all the stewardesses were meeting and discussing “terrorists in the air.” This unnerving news was followed, almost immediately, by an announcement from the pilot, “Please take your seat, put your seatbelt on, and remain in your seat. We have been directed to the nearest airport for security reasons.” I wondered whether a bomb or terrorists might be on board. Rapidly, as a result of calls from the onboard cell phones, news of the attacks on

the World Trade Center spread through the cabin, much to the dismay of the passengers. The pervasiveness of the attacks was not known. I and others wondered what other planes were in the air with terrorists aboard. On landing in Kansas City, the city to which we were diverted, I walked to a news van outside the airport and viewed the devastation being shown on its monitors. I asked myself again whether there were terrorists on our flight or whether it was a target but spared because of some unknown failure. Yes, I did say a prayer, thanking God for sparing us, but also asking that God might embrace and comfort those who were lost and the families who were left behind. We remained in our hotel through Thursday, when, at 9:30 p.m., our plane continued its journey on to San Francisco. Before boarding the plane (not without some significant angst), I had a memorable discussion with a man from Israel, the president of a technology firm who was on his way to meet with investors in Silicon Valley. He observed that they live with terrorism every day, an unfortunate aspect of life in Israel. On landing, I wondered if others were as moved as I was to see all the ground crew on the tarmac waving American flags. Apparently, ours was among the first airplanes to land at San Francisco Airport following the events of September 11. We were certainly not heroes or anything close to that. We were, at best, mere survivors. On later reflection, I thought it might have been staged more as a celebration of a first step toward normalcy (and the retention of airline workers’ jobs), though I dismissed such a cynical notion forthwith.

That Sunday, we sang some patriotic songs in reverential tones. Tears did well up, in memory of those who were lost and their families, a number of whom were from the Bay Area. While not an ardent supporter of our unfortunate foray into Vietnam, I have become somewhat more patriotic, and wholeheartedly support President Bush’s and our nation’s efforts to eradicate terrorism. No American citizen is the same after September 11. It is a question of the degree to which we have let it change our lives. As for me, my frequent air travels continue, more of necessity than desire. In fact, I am writing these comments on a United Airlines flight to Washington, DC. Today, as with all flights since September 11, I scanned the passengers in the waiting area, wondering if one or more of them wishes to do harm. And, like many, I was ready to take whatever efforts are necessary to thwart another in-flight event similar to September 11. What would I have to lose? My sincere hope is that peace will come through the rule of law, not as a result of endless fighting after which only some are left standing and too tired to fight any longer. My flight on September 11 did produce an ironic outcome. Shortly thereafter, I received congratulations in writing from United Airlines. My flight on that day made me a member of the Million Mile Club (having flown one million actual miles since the inception of the frequent flier program). Cold comfort! Robert Pringle ’69 is a partner in the San Francisco office of Thelen, Reid & Priest.


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New York is Still Home
By Charna L. Gerstenhaber

Pictures that Won’t Fade
By David E. Friedman

I am very fortunate. I was out of town that morning, about two hours north of New York City. Post September 11 my circle is unbroken. Friends have shared harrowing stories, but none of my family or friends was seriously injured. When I heard the first reports of what was happening that morning I was standing in the burnt-out remains of a DC-10 as expert witnesses examined it to determine the cause of a 1996 accident in which there was no loss of life. Standing among burnt debris while trying to reach friends and family in lower Manhattan and DC— on a largely useless cell phone—was devastating. Having worked in the Trade Center for four years, I was also anxious to get in touch with my former colleagues. In the months since September, I have found New York to be a changed place. For the first few months there was a palpable sadness. Once the thousands of missing persons fliers started to disappear from city streets it became possible to forget for a moment what happened. Often, though, I would come out of a downtown subway station and automatically look up toward the towers to get my bearings. But my compass was gone. Or I’d fly home and look out the window over a diminished city. When I bought an apartment recently, I decided that the lowly sixth floor had become much more attractive. My old 21st floor apartment with its sweeping views of a downtown skyline that is irrevocably altered no longer felt like home.

For many of us, our emotions are closer to the surface than before. Certain songs are almost guaranteed to bring people to tears. The roar of an airplane’s engine can stop pedestrians in their tracks. Meeting someone who works for one of the companies now known primarily for having lost many of its employees leaves me speechless. What can you say to someone who literally ran for his or her life? But there are some ways in which life here is better than before. I think we are kinder to each other (but then I never found New York to be the cold place it’s reputed to be). Pride in the city will undoubtedly make it an even better place to live or visit. In the past when I traveled and people learned I was a New Yorker, the response was invariably along the lines of “I don’t know how anyone could live there.” Now, the response is “How are you? Did you lose anyone near to you?” Often followed by, “I love that city.” I didn’t think the warm feelings toward New York would last, but they seem to have. I’ve always loved New York City, always dreamed of living here. When I was stranded upstate for three days following September 11, I needed to go home. It was painful to be away. I had no idea how central the city was to my life until then. I don’t think I can ever be complacent about this city again. It is a unique place and I feel incredibly fortunate to call it home. Charna L. Gerstenhaber ’85 is of counsel to Brobeck, Phleger & Harrison LLP in New York City.

It might be surprising for some people to read that not a day goes by that I don’t think about September 11. Although the long, sad weeks that seemed to follow it in some kind of black and white slow motion have faded somewhat, the scene on that technicolor morning from the street outside my office a few blocks from the World Trade Center is on my mind constantly. I don’t expect this to change. But a year has passed, and on the surface, things seem to have returned to what Tom Brokaw calls the “new normal.” I am thankful that life goes on and we are again able to find comfort and security in our little routines: working, studying, going to museums and movies, playing golf and eating at restaurants. But at the end of the day, when we sit back and reflect, we know that beyond our daily routines, things are not as they were before. We have witnessed firsthand as the worst of humanity was met with the best of humanity– perhaps as no American city ever has. How can things ever be the same after being in New York on that day and the weeks that followed? Although we don’t speak of it so often anymore, I think that most New Yorkers, especially those of us who live or work in lower Manhattan every day, can’t get those pictures out of our minds. Like I said, I don’t expect this to change. But as I walk with my family on the streets of this amazing, dirty, busy, frustrating, interesting, crowded, diverse, electric, eccentric, expensive, dangerous, delicious, beautiful, strong, loud, proud and bustling city, I realize that even the new normal in New York City still is pretty wonderful. David Friedman ’88 is vice president, prime brokerage, global equity finance, Salomon Smith Barney, Inc.



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Concentric Circles
By D. David Cohen

If you throw a pebble into a lake, you soon see little waves in concentric circles form around the point where the pebble hit. The markings are stronger and last longer closest to the point where the pebble hit, and are less distinct further away. So it is in New York City, post September 11. The intentional destruction and collapse of the twin towers of the World Trade Center was, of course, a shock more like a meteorite crashing on our once invulnerable selves. The enormous toll of almost 3,000 instantaneous deaths of wholly innocent people was an unimaginable trauma to this city. The tragedies spawned concentric circles of grief and pain, many of which are still reverberating and distinct a year after the event. For those closest to the impact, the people who lost an immediate family member, close friend or critical business associate, there are unannounced daily reminders: a double bed with an empty pillow; the unoccupied chair at the head of the table; the

silence of the voice you expected to hear; the lacking shoulder you intended to lean on for years and years to come. So many of the missing were young and strong. The absence of their vibrancy is the most indelible ring of the concentric circles. However, for the overwhelming majority of the millions who inhabit the city’s metropolitan area, the losses were more remote, in the outer rings: the child of an acquaintance; the friend of a parent’s friend; a former school mate; a local fireman or two or more; a neighbor’s neighbor on the other side. The reminders of such losses tend to dissipate. Normalcy returns to everyday life. Meaning no disrespect, the concentric circles fade. Individual emotional recovery depends on the nature of the loss and on the relationships which followed. Some employees and employers were more readily replaced. A new person, a good player, substituted for the missing fourth in your golfing foursome. Even tears for a lost child (never forgotten) can salt and revitalize the connections with other children and sometimes new grandchildren. The concentric circles of pain and grief are individualized. No one can tell someone else when to get over it, when to stop cry-

ing. A lawyer I met in court one day told me he lost only his offices, no people. But a 29year-old associate had not returned to work – he can’t stop thinking about the other guys his age only a few floors up who couldn’t make it out. And a secretary, whose husband is a fireman not involved in the tragedy, has quit working outside of the home to devote all her attention to the family. New York is not back to where it was; maybe it never will be. Though at times we may seem as cocky and self-assured as the image we carry, our vulnerability has been exposed, as have our feelings of humanity for one another. More flags wave from tenement houses and swank apartment buildings than at any time since WW II. We have been Americanized. Ground Zero has been cleared of the debris (an amazing feat), but it is a gaping hole in the hearts of a city some used to think of as foreign and heartless. D. David Cohen ’65, runs his own law practice in Jericho, NY.

Ground Zero has been cleared of the debris (an amazing feat), but it is a gaping hole in the hearts of a city some used to think of as foreign and heartless.
— D. David Cohen ’65

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The War on Terrorism: A Legal Quagmire
By Scott L. Silliman

The horrific images of commercial airliners being used to bring down the twin towers of the World Trade Center and cause substantial damage to the Pentagon, terrorist attacks that occurred but one year ago, are indelibly emblazoned upon our hearts and minds. The carnage that resulted from those two attacks, and from the fourth airliner that crashed in Pennsylvania, was immense. Our sense of security within our own borders appears forever lost. The war on terrorism, both at home and abroad, continues. Our military forces still are engaged in combat in Afghanistan and are deploying to other countries to assist in ferreting out terrorist cells. Sweeping new governmental powers under the U.S.A. Patriot Act are being used to surveil and bring to justice those suspected of planning new attacks. Many in this country are being detained on immigration and terrorist-related charges, while still others are being held outside our borders who have not yet been charged with a crime. Although our actions in response to the continuing terrorist

threat might seem prudent from a policy perspective, they pose difficulties for those of us who seek a legal predicate for what we do. To that extent, it has become a legal quagmire. Three particular aspects of our war on terrorism are troubling. As to our use of military force in Afghanistan starting on October 7 of last year, it is clear that the principle of selfdefense, enshrined in Article 51 of the United Nations Charter and traditionally recognized in customary international law, allows us to respond to armed attacks by members of al-Qaeda and the Taliban. As long as those attacks continue, our right to respond in self-defense does as well. But can this principle be extended to cover the proposed military invasion of Iraq because of Saddam Hussein’s refusal to allow weapons inspectors back into his country? Is there a real and demonstrable threat of attack to this country so as to justify unilateral action on our part, without United Nations Security Council sanction? The answer is far from clear; the law greatly unsettled. Yaser Hamdi was captured by U.S. military authorities in Afghanistan late last year after the Taliban unit with which he served

surrendered to Northern Alliance forces. He was taken to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, but was then transferred to the Norfolk, VA, Naval Brig when it was determined that he was born in Louisiana of Saudi parents. He has not been charged with any crime and the government has fought efforts to allow him access to counsel. In an even more unusual case, Jose Padilla was arrested at Chicago’s O’Hare Airport on May 8 of this year and was held in New York by the Department of Justice for almost 30 days under a material witness warrant. At that time, the President declared him an “enemy combatant” and Padilla was transferred to a naval facility in Charleston, South Carolina where he, too, is being held without charges or access to an attorney. The secretary of defense has stated that Padilla may never be charged. These two cases raise the specter of American citizens being detained, perhaps indefinitely, by military authorities without ever being charged with a crime. The government’s reliance upon two World War II cases, Ex parte Quirin and In re Territo, to support the detentions is perplexing since neither speaks directly to the issue.



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Although our actions in response to the seem prudent from a policy perspective, those of us who seek a legal predicate
— Scott Silliman, professor of the practice of law


Finally, if there has been criticism from the international community with regard to our war against terrorism, it has focused specifically upon our treatment of those being detained at our naval base at Guantanamo Bay. That criticism centers not on whether they are being treated humanely, as I believe they clearly are, but rather on the president’s determination that all are unlawful combatants who do not merit prisoner of war status under the third Geneva Convention. Article 4 of that Convention provides specific criteria for ascertaining who is and who is not a lawful combatant, with one of the key determinants being that a lawful combatant conducts military operations in accordance with the laws and customs of war. The president has maintained that targeting innocent civilians is a clear violation of the law of war and that, therefore, no member of al-Qaeda or the Taliban could qualify as a POW. He is clearly correct as to al-Qaeda because of that group’s public acknowledgment of responsibility for September 11, but treating all members of Taliban units with the same broad brush is more troubling. There appears to be no credible link between the

Taliban and the terrorist attacks of last fall, and one can envision someone who comes late to the fray and joins a Taliban unit with every intention of following recognized principles of the law of war. But if there is doubt as to who is or is not entitled to POW status, the Convention provides a mechanism for making the determination. Article 5 states that, in case of doubt, those being detained should “enjoy the protection of the...Convention until such time as their status has been determined by a competent tribunal.” Such a tribunal is not a military commission as empowered under the President’s Military Order of last November 13, but rather a very simple proceeding conducted by three officers, one of whom must be field grade. Our allies have tried to persuade us to conduct these “Article 5 screening tribunals,” arguing that if we truly are a nation under the rule of law, as we claim, we should employ the very Convention which we say applies in the conflict in Afghanistan. Our refusal to do so is puzzling. Thus, in our use of military force abroad, in our detention of American citizens under military control without charges or access to

counsel, and especially in our detention of those captured outside this country in the war against terrorism, our actions have seemingly outstripped traditional domestic and international legal principles. If it be the case that the war on terrorism demands a new legal paradigm, one in which the law as we know it must cede to perceived national security concerns, then continued judicial review of our actions is much needed. Of greater import, as we move forward in the war on terrorism, it must be with the clear understanding that these legal tools we craft will not be ours alone to use, and we may be putting our own soldiers, sailors and airmen at risk of similar treatment by other countries in future years. Scott Silliman is professor of the practice of law and executive director of Duke Law’s Center on Law, Ethics and National Security.

continuing terrorist threat might they pose difficulties for for what we do.

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alumni profile
Alumnus Promotes Duke in Argentina and Beyond
By Claire Cusick into its JD program. “I was surprised to receive a call from Javier Firpo,” Kielmanovich said. “None of the other universities I applied to took the initiative to establish personal contact. The interview was extremely helpful. Not only was I able to get valuable information about Duke's LLM program, but also I could feel the interest the university had in me.” Once students are admitted, Firpo begins what he calls his marketing strategy. He advises them that Duke is superior to any of its rivals. Over the years, his efforts in this area grew to include the Fuqua School of Business and the University’s undergraduate admissions. “Many Argentineans passed through me before coming to Duke,” he said proudly. Firpo also teaches law at Buenos Aires University School of Law and at CEMA University in Buenos Aires. “I always say that I’ve never left school, because I’m either here (at Duke) or there teaching,” he said. In 2001, he co-founded the Alumni Foundation of Argentina (AL.F.A.). AL.F.A. acts as an umbrella organization – a “club of clubs” – to gather Argentinean alumni of non-Argentine universities for a common mission: to capitalize on members’ talent, education and work experience to benefit Argentina. Currently, AL.F.A. has more than 4,200 alumni but calculates its potential membership at more than 10,000. Its goals are several: to enhance the networking opportunities across alumni clubs based in Argentina; repatriate Argentine alumni; create links between Argentine universities and foreign universities; give assistance to potential applicants to foreign universities (much in the way Firpo assists Duke); and perhaps most importantly, provide financial aid for students. In Argentina, Firpo said, there is no such thing as a student loan. Public universities are free, but if students want to seek education at private universities – or abroad – no one offers them assistance in paying. “AL.F.A. would like to fill that gap and to give student loans,” Firpo said. “We would like to fill this cup that doesn’t exist at all.” The effort has caught the attention of multinational corporations Intel and Microsoft’s Argentine Subsidiaries, which have provided seed money. Firpo hopes the idea eventually will travel to Uruguay, Chile and Brazil. For the moment, it has Firpo knocking on doors in New York City and Washington, DC, and placing calls around the world. He considers this his pro bono work; work he’s doing for his country. “My commitment to the project is very, very strong,” he said. For more information about AL.F.A.’s project, visit or

More than a decade after his experience at Duke Law, Javier F. Firpo LLM ’91 continues to build bridges between his home country of Argentina and the school he works tirelessly to promote. Firpo’s involvement with Duke University and Duke Law School began in 1990, when he enrolled in the LLM program. After graduating in 1991, he returned to Buenos Aires and founded the Duke Club of Argentina, a social group for all Argentineans with degrees from Duke University. Firpo, who practices banking, corporate and capital markets law as assistant legal counsel for FleetBoston Financial Corporation’s Argentine subsidiary, also serves on the Duke Law Alumni Association Board of Directors at Duke Law School. Since graduating, Firpo has stayed in touch with Duke Law School’s Associate Dean for International Studies Judy Horowitz to assist other Argentineans who want to enroll here. He constantly is on the prowl for potential new students. When he finds out a student has applied to Duke, Firpo places a call to provide a personal contact and offers to answer any questions. This also gives applicants a person who can provide assistance in Spanish, Firpo said. One of the students Firpo reached was Sebastian Kielmanovich LLM’02, JD’04, who first came to Duke Law School as an LLM student, but who has since been accepted



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student profile

Student Takes to Leadership at Duke Law
By Lisa Wechsler

To hear Sebastian Kielmanovich tell it, his encounter with a Duke Law alumnus was an experience that changed his life. “I first learned about Duke Law School through Fernando Fresco LLM ’01 who was an assistant professor with me at the University of Buenos Aires. Through my correspondence with Fernando during his LLM year at Duke Law, my connection with the Law School grew. The more I learned the more I liked it.” After applying to Duke Law, Kielmanovich was surprised to receive a phone call from an LLM graduate. “Javier Firpo LLM ’91 called me to arrange an interview. Javier gave me an opportunity to establish an even more personal connection with the Law School. He gave me the chance to talk about my own objectives and determine how well Duke fit into that.” Firpo extended an invitation to attend a Duke Club of Argentina reception for Duke University President Nannerl Keohane. There, Kielmanovich was able to experience the growing worldwide nature of the Duke community. That community heavily influenced his decision to come to Duke Law.

From the start of his education at Duke Law, Kielmanovich served as an unofficial, and later official, liaison between the JD and LLM students. As Kielmanovich arrived at Duke in early June, he had the opportunity to get to know many of the JD students who were summer starters. When the rest of his LLM class arrived in August, Kielmanovich didn’t waste a moment before creating links between the JD and LLM students. “I began to organize events to bring people together. I’m always looking to be involved with many different people and many different projects. Duke Law School has afforded me that opportunity.” Kielmanovich was elected along with his classmate Nicola Di Giovanni as a Duke Bar Association LLM representative. “This is my first experience with student government or politics of any kind whatsoever,” he said. “I never wanted to get involved in politics in Argentina because of the societal suspicion of politicians. But here in the U.S., particularly at the Law School, things are different. When I was elected with Nicola to represent the LLMs to the DBA, I immediately and gladly took on the responsibility of communicating the concerns and questions of my LLM classmates to DBA and to Career Services.” In his role as DBA rep, Kielmanovich proposed business cards for LLMs, oversaw the election process for the LLM graduation speaker, created an LLM website and web election form.

“I’m not American, so I couldn’t be a politician here,” he said. “But after the Duke Law experience, I know I could do it. I didn’t know I had that potential before I came here.” He also spearheaded other programs to promote international awareness. During International Week, he helped organize various activities and moderated the LLM student panel, “Unique Aspects of Practicing Law Around the World.” He also served as a panelist on the Global Capital Markets Center presentation to the Duke Law community, “Crisis in Argentina: Debt and Devaluation.” Bringing student organizations together proved to be one of Kielmanovich’s strengths. Under his direction, the Hispanic Law Student Association, the Business Law Society and the International Law Society collaborated in sponsoring a presentation by Professor Garcia Sanz, University of Buenos Aires, “Argentina in Crisis: An Insider’s Perspective,” in which both Kielmanovich and Alejandro Posadas LLM ’95, SJD ’02 also spoke. According to Kielmanovich, now an ’04 JD candidate at the Law School: “The best gift Duke Law has given me is the opportunity to interact with many different people from diverse parts of the world. To be able to analyze, share and understand diverse cultures while at the same time have the opportunity to understand American culture—this is truly a gift.”

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Venezuela: No coup d’état
By Arturo H. Banegas Masiá Venezuelans who oppose the rule of President Hugo Chávez were elated in April. Changes in government they’d been demanding for years, including the removal of Chávez from office, appeared to be taking place with remarkable speed. But their happiness was brief – the situation in Venezuela now is little different than it was before the short-lived change in leadership. For two days in April, reform appeared imminent. Military leaders asked Chávez to resign following massive demonstrations, and the country’s chief general publicly announced that Chávez had accepted. However, barely 48 hours later, Chávez and his administration were reinstated. Since his election in 1998, Chávez’ leadership has been marked by populist speechmaking, talks of closer ties with Cuba, confrontation with various Venezuelan social classes, and attacks on several sectors, such as private corporations, labor unions, the Catholic Church and the media. This has earned him many enemies. One of the most important pledges during Chávez’ campaign was to eradicate corruption and poverty, but, according to international statistics, Venezuela has more corruption and poverty today than it had three years ago. In the last two years, growing dissatisfaction with Chávez has been obvious. A number of protests against the government took place, yet officials largely ignored them. Protests became worse in February, when the government appointed “Chávez-oriented” people to the Venezuelan state-owned oil company’s board of directors. Early this year, public cries for the resignation of Chávez intensified. Oil workers joined the protests in February, and many of them were fired. A few days later, the largest Venezuelan union announced a 24hour general strike, which was supported by the Venezuelan managerial guild. Strike leaders vowed to stay off the job until changes were made on the oil company’s governing board, Chávez resigned or both. Additionally, a demonstration began in Parque del Este (in the east side of Caracas) at an oil company facility. People of many social classes, ages and interests gathered to demand that Chávez resign. The demonstrators, numbering in the hundreds of thousands, eventually began moving to Miraflores – the Government Palace. On the way to Miraflores, Chávez’ supporters started shooting at the protesters. It was terrible how people started to either drop or run away. Some soldiers also threw tear gas bombs to disperse the protest. Some people died from gunshot wounds and a number were injured. Seconds before this tumultuous situation started, Chávez appeared on all television channels to tell the public that everything was under control – apparently as part of a plan to blame the demonstrators later. Television stations divided the picture on screens, showing the scenes of the protest on one side and on the other, an ironic Chávez saying that everything was OK. Soon, though, the government blacked out all television channels. During this situation, members of the military staff announced that they regretted the situation. At night, the chief general announced that due to the circumstances, they had asked Chávez to resign. They resigned too. The military staff that took control of the country announced that the new transitional president would be Dr. Pedro Carmona Estanga, president of the managerial guild. It was amazing. Although Venezuelans were mourning the fallen, you could feel their happiness in the streets. The sense of relief was clear. The next day, the Bolivar gained more than 10 percent of its value compared with the U.S. dollar, the stock exchange received new investments, and Venezuelan bonds increased their value. On the next day, based on Article 4 of the Inter-American Democratic Charter and Article 350 of the Venezuelan Constitution, which allow civil rebellion in cases of massive breach of constitutional rights, the transitional president was sworn in. The new government’s first decree established that elections for congress should take place in December, and that elections for a new president should be no later than 365 days after the decree, and that Dr. Carmona could not run for the presidency in such elections. However, President Carmona started to lose support rapidly, and the remaining loyal military forces conditioned their support on the reinstatement of previous military authorities. Bargaining soon began to return Chávez to office. On the early morning of April 14, Chávez returned. Carmona resigned just 48 hours after he was sworn in. We are back where we started. According to Venezuelan Constitution, Chávez could be deemed to have abandoned his position. Therefore, according to the constitution, he should not be reinstated, and new elections should take place. It remains to be seen whether the National Assembly and the Supreme Court will be willing to take these steps. Arturo H. Banegas Masiá LLM ’00 lives in Caracas, Venezuela, and is a partner in the corporate law firm of Palacios, Ortega y Asociados.



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Switzerland to Join the United Nations The end of Neutrality? Not so fast.
By Manuel Sager

“This historic decision puts one of Europe’s oldest democracies where she belongs – at the heart of global decision making.” With these words, Great Britain’s Foreign Secretary, Jack Straw, hailed Switzerland’s popular vote on March 3 to join the United Nations, as one of the last countries in the world to do so. Other foreign observers – some joyfully, some regretfully, all prematurely – proclaimed the end of neutrality as the Swiss know it. The Macedonian paper Utrinski Vesnik assured its readers that now the Cold War is really over. True to form and decidedly more sobering, The Wall Street Journal wrote on March 14: “It’s not ‘isolationism’ that bugs The New York Times about the Swiss, it’s Switzerland’s refusal to be a joiner. When everyone else is deeply tied to the idea of the importance of what they’re doing, having someone stand outside – and worse, succeed – is deeply irritating.” Be this as it may, the whole world was jubilant on that Sunday, and so was just over half of Switzerland. International issues tend to produce predictable fault lines through Swiss society. The rift normally runs along the so-called “Rösti-Trench” (after the popular potato-dish in Germanspeaking Switzerland) between the outwardlooking French-speakers and the – depending on your bias, self-centered or self-reliant – German-speakers. Given the demographics in Switzerland, this constellation usually results in defeat for the internationalists and occasional “threats” of secession by the disenchanted Geneva press corps. This time around, however, the Frenchspeaking cantons (states) were joined by progressive urban centers like Zurich,

Basel, Bern and Lucerne in the Germanspeaking part. After a traumatizing defeat in 1986, when 75 percent of Swiss voters rejected a government proposal to join the UN, the Federal Council (Executive) released a sigh of relief that rippled the waters from Lake Geneva to the East River. There, at UN headquarters, Secretary-General Kofi Annan rejoiced in the fact that, for the first time in UN history, a country’s membership was determined not by government decree, but by a constitutional amendment based on a popular vote. Switzerland’s democratic accession procedure may indeed have added a new element of legitimacy to the world organization. What had changed in the Swiss voter’s mind since 1986? To give credit where credit is due, the UN itself has changed considerably. The end of the Cold War has rendered the organization more effective, and a series of successful internal reforms has made it more efficient. The UN may never be better than the sum of its parts, but the world in which it operates today has made it considerably easier to pursue its worthy goals. Perhaps more important, though, the world has not only changed for the UN, but also for Switzerland. While staying out of potential military conflicts between large ideological blocks may have been sound policy during the Cold War, a differentiated approach was needed with the emergence of more recent threats to international security from governments flagrantly flouting the rules of peaceful coexistence. Since 1990, it has been Switzerland’s stated and consistent policy to adopt all economic sanctions imposed by the UN Security Council against violators of international law. It did so, because it was the right thing to do, and because it was the only thing to

do. “Business as usual” in such situations would have been perceived by the rest of the world not as a sign of neutrality, but as an act of conspiracy. Yet neutrality as a mind-set is alive and well in Switzerland, although it is in flux as a political reality. The Swiss Government had run its pro-UN campaign on the explicit promise that Switzerland would remain neutral. Any military involvement as combatants, in whatever framework and for whatever purpose other than self-defense, will be out of the question for most Swiss for the foreseeable future. In the end, what probably convinced the majority of Swiss voters was the government’s assurance that precious little would change with UN membership: with or without it, Switzerland would continue to be among the 15 largest contributors to the UN system, follow Security Council resolutions to the letter, and preserve its armed neutrality. The victorious message was simple: let’s do what we have been doing all along, but finally with a voice in the General Assembly.

Manuel Sager LLM’85 is the head of the coordination office for international humanitarian law in the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs in Bern, Switzerland.

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Faculty Focus Visiting Faculty Faculty Notes

faculty focus



Judgment Without Democracy
By Madeline Morris

The Iraqi government is as likely to prosecute Saddam Hussein for crimes against humanity as the Nazis were to prosecute Adolf Hitler. That is why the world needs a system for dealing with genocide and war crimes. A permanent International Criminal Court was brought into existence on July 1 at the Hague to fulfill this purpose. Why, then, did the Bush administration, in May, renounce the 1998 treaty that forms the foundation for creating this court? Critics have blasted U.S. opposition to the court as unilateralist and uncaring in a world that seems to produce atrocities on a regular basis. Having been involved in prosecutions of international crimes in Rwanda, Ethiopia and the former Yugoslavia, I join with those who want to deal more effectively with the Pol Pots and Slobodan Milosevices of this world. But I doubt whether, in its current form, the International Criminal Court, or ICC, is the answer. There are several principled and serious objections to the court. For one thing, although designed with the noblest of goals, the court lacks democratic legitimacy: Only one-third of the world's countries have become parties to the treaty that created the ICC, and yet the court claims the right to exercise prosecutorial authority over people from any country.

Why, then, have the protesters from Seattle and elsewhere who question the "democratic deficit" of the World Trade Organization and other international institutions not expressed similar concern over the ICC? The reason is fairly simple. The assumption is that if ICC jurisdiction entails any loss of democracy, it is negligible – because the court's mandate is so narrow. Unlike the WTO, the ICC, it is thought, is not intended to make law and policy. Rather, its mandate is simply to apply clear, existing international law. Since genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity are unquestionably crimes, there will be no democratic or undemocratic decision-making to discuss. Not so. Although the general prohibitions of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity are unquestionable, applying that law to specific cases will be complex and fraught with politics. Crucial questions about the content and interpretation of the law are inevitable. For example, there is a war crime of causing "excessive incidental death, injury, or damage." Are countries therefore obliged to minimize collateral damage by using precision-guided munitions rather than much less expensive ordinary weapons? Or, relative to the war crime of "attacking civilian objects:" What is the status of "dual use"



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Having been involved in prosecutions of international crimes in Rwanda, Ethiopia and the former Yugoslavia, I join with those who want to deal more effectively with the Pol Pots and Slobodan Milosevices of this world. But I doubt whether, in its current form, the International Criminal Court, or ICC, is the answer.
— Madeline Morris, professor of law


targeting, where the target is a bridge, or television station, or electrical grid, that is partially in military use and partially in civilian use? These and other questions that will arise involve areas where the law is indeterminate and the politics weighty. And this only describes the situation as it stands now. The ICC's domain will grow. For example, the ICC treaty provides that the crime of aggression will come within the ICC's active jurisdiction as soon as its member countries can agree on a definition of "aggression." So the next time NATO enters Kosovo on a "humanitarian intervention," the difficult question of whether this was an act of humanitarianism or of aggression may be decided by the ICC. Similarly, since the constituting documents of the court also contemplate expansion of its jurisdiction to include terrorism, the question of who is a freedom fighter

and who is a terrorist may now find its answer, in any particular case, in a court established by a group of 76 states. The inclusion of drug crimes and other offenses is also contemplated. This allocation of decision-making power may be fine for the countries that are parties to the treaty creating the ICC. But it has not been agreed to by the other two-thirds of the world's countries that have not become parties to the treaty. Those countries will have no say in the decision-making done by the ICC. The people of those non-party states will not be represented in any way as the ICC makes law and policy, yet the ICC's purported authority over them will continue to evolve and expand. One might argue that it's worth sacrificing our democratic values to prevent or reduce genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. But we must soberly confront the fact that recent international tri-

bunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda did little to halt the atrocities. Indeed, crimes continued unabated in both regions even while the tribunals were underway. Perhaps a permanent international court, rendering decisions over a period of years, would have greater effect. Perhaps not. As heart-rending as the crimes are, and as deeply as we wish to stop them, we should think long and hard about endorsing a system we know to be undemocratic when its benefits remain so speculative. Madeline Morris is a professor of international law and director of the Duke Law Clinic for the Special Court for Sierra Leone. This piece ran in the The Washington Post on July 24. It is reprinted with permission from the Post.

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faculty focus

U.S. Senator Consults Duke Law Professor on War Powers
Following are excerpts from a recent letter by Duke Law Professor William Van Alstyne to U.S. Sen. Robert Byrd, chairman of the Senate Committee on Appropriations. Van Alstyne was responding to an inquiry from Byrd as to whether the Bush Administration has the authority – consistent with the U.S. Constitution and the War Powers Resolution – to introduce U.S. armed forces into battle in Iraq for the purpose of removing Saddam Hussein from power. …The president may not engage our armed forces in a war with Iraq, except in such measure as Congress, by joint or concurrent resolutions duly passed in both Houses of Congress, declares shall be undertaken by the president as commander in chief of the armed forces. The president is solely responsible for the conduct of whatever measures of war Congress shall authorize. It is not for the president, however, to presume to authorize himself to embark on war. Whether the president deems it essential to the national interest to use the armed forces to make war against one of our neighbors or against a country yet more distant from our shores, it is all the same. The Constitution requires that he not presume to do so merely on his own assessment. Rather, any actual attack on another nation by the armed forces of the United States as an act of war requires decision by Congress before it proceeds, not after the president would presume to engage in war (and, having unilaterally commenced hostilities, then would merely confront Congress with a take-it-orleave-it fait accompli). The framers of the Constitution understood the difference vividly – and made provision against vesting any war-initiating power in the executive.1 Nor does the form of government of – or any policy currently pursued by – an identified foreign nation affect this matter, although either its form of government or the policies it pursues may of course bear substantially on the decision as shall be made by Congress. Whether, for example, the current form of government of Iraq is so dangerous that no recourse to measures short of direct United States military assault to remove that government (a clear act of war) now seem sufficient to meet the security needs either of the United States or of other states with which we associate our vital interests, may well be a fair question. That it is a fair question, however, is merely what therefore also makes it right for Congress to debate that question… It is altogether the right prerogative of the president to lay before Congress every consideration which, in the president’s judgment, requires that measures of direct military intervention in Iraq now be approved by Congress, lest the security of the nation be even more compromised than it already is.2 If the president believes we cannot any longer, by measures short of war, now avoid the unacceptable risk of weapons of mass destruction from developing under a repressive Iraq regime already defiant of various earlier resolutions by the United Nations Security Council, it is by all means his prerogative and his responsibility as president candidly, even bluntly, to say so – to Congress… But if Congress is not persuaded that such military intervention under the direction of the president is appropriate to authorize and approve, it may assuredly decline to do so. In that circumstance, and until Congress shall decide otherwise, matters are also settled and equally clear. The president may not then proceed to embark upon a deliberate course of war against the government or people of Iraq. Correspondingly, the president is not to be faulted in that circumstance. For the responsibility then will rest with Congress, even as the Constitution contemplates that it should… You also asked for comments respecting three previous joint resolutions by Congress, i.e., whether any of these, or some combination, constitute a sufficient basis for the president to proceed to engage whatever

1It is today, even as it was when Thomas Jefferson wrote to James Madison from Paris, in September, 1789, referring then to the constitutional clauses putting the responsibility and power to embark on war in Congress rather than in the executive. And thus Jefferson observed: “We have given, in example, one effectual check to the dog of war, by transferring the power of letting him loose from the Executive to the Legislative body, from those who are to spend to those who are to pay.” C. Warren, The Making of the Constitution 481 n.1 (1928). (See also Chief Justice John Marshall’s Opinion for the Supreme Court in Talbot v. Seeman, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 1, 28 (1803) (“The whole powers of war being, by the constitution of the United States, vested in congress, the acts of that body can alone be resorted to as our guides.”).



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Whether the president deems it essential to the national interest to use the armed forces to make war against one of our neighbors or against a country yet more distant from our shores, it is all the same.
— William Van Alstyne, William R. Perkins and Thomas C. Perkins professor of law


magnitude of invasive forces would be necessary to overthrow Iraq’s current government and/or seek out and destroy or remove such weapons of mass destruction, as well as the means of their production, as that invading force would be authorized to accomplish. Specifically, you adverted to The War Powers Resolution of 1973… ; The Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 1991…; and The Authorization for Use of Military Force Resolution of 2001… As to the first of these, the War Powers Resolution of 1973, I am clear that it is certainly not a resolution authorizing or directing the president now to engage the armed forces of the United States in acts of war within or against Iraq. As to the second and third, I do not believe they can serve that function either, though there is some more reasonable margin for disagreement… The reasons for my uncertainty regarding the Joint Resolution of 1991 (specifically captioned by Congress as The Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution) will take but a few sentences to share. That this resolution did authorize what became Operation Desert Storm as a major use of the war power, against Iraq specifically, under the direction of the president (with collaborative forces of other nations), and the use of massive force, including bombardment and invasion of Iraq, is unequivocal. A declared objective

sought to be achieved (and thus part of the described scope of the authorized use of force) was to achieve implementation of 11 United Nations Security Council resolutions, each identified by specific number. The resolution also required the president to submit at least once every 60 days to Congress a summary on the status of efforts to obtain compliance by Iraq with those resolutions. Foremost among the stated objectives of that authorized use of war power was to force the unconditional withdrawal of Iraqi forces from Kuwait and restoration of that country’s independence and legitimate government. Much as that has surely been accomplished. However, the resolution also recited that Iraq’s conventional, chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs and its demonstrated willingness to use weapons of mass destruction pose a grave threat to world peace. Thus, it was also in contemplation of that grave threat the United States was willing to make the commitment as it did. And we have the president’s report that that threat has not yet abated, indeed, may have been renewed… Still, it is far from certain that these elements are enough insofar as the president may now propose to re-escalate the conflict in enormous magnitude… I should think it best for Congress itself, to resolve whether the decade-old resolution enacted by

Congress in 1991 can cover the present case as well though, in my own view, it probably does not. Third, and most recent among the resolutions you enclosed, is the express Authorization for Use of United States Armed Forces by Congress, adopted on September 18, 2001, following the cataclysmic events of September 11. The authorization is quite current and it calls expressly for the use of U.S. armed forces against those responsible for the recent attacks launched against the United States… I nonetheless think it doubtful that this will stretch to cover a proposal to use military force to overthrow the government of Iraq as is currently being considered, without authorization by Congress, absent quite responsible evidence that Iraq was involved in those terrorist attacks. William Van Alstyne is the William R. Perkins and Thomas C. Perkins professor of law.

2 Exactly as President Jefferson did in reporting to Congress in equivalent circumstances, in 1801. Thus, his urgent message to Congress reviewed attacks recently made against American commercial vessels in the Mediterranean, reported defensive steps already taken in repelling those attacks, and then declared the following: “The Legislature will doubtless consider whether by authorizing measures of offense also, they will place our force on an equal footing with that of its adversaries. I communicate all material information on this subject, that in the exercise of this important function confided by the Constitution to the Legislature exclusively, their judgment may form itself on a knowledge and consideration of every circumstance of weight.” 22 ANNALS OF CONG. 11 (1801), reprinted in 1 MESSAGES AND PAPERS OF THE PRESIDENTS, 1789-1897, ata 326-27 (J. Richardson ed. l898) (emphasis added).

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faculty focus

Dean Katharine Bartlett Completes Reportership with American Law Institute
With the publication this spring of the American Law Institute’s first major work in the field of family law: Principles of the Law of Family Dissolution, Analysis and Recommendations, Duke Law Dean Katharine T. Bartlett’s prestigious reportership with the ALI came to a close. Bartlett worked on the volume for more than five years with Professor Ira Mark Ellman of Arizona State University College of Law, who served as chief reporter for the project, and Professor Grace Ganz Blumberg of the University of California at Los Angeles School of Law. All three were honored by ALI in 1998 with the special designation of R. Ammi Cutter Reporter, which recognizes outstanding work. In ALI parlance, reporters are the legal scholars and practitioners who research and draft the restatements and principles that constitute an important part of the mission of the organization. “Working as a co-reporter with Ira Ellman and Grace Blumberg on the ALI’s Family Dissolution Project was one of the most rewarding and exhilarating experiences of my professional life,” Bartlett said. “Rarely does a scholar get to develop a product with the continual assistance of the best scholars, judges and practitioners in one’s field.” With this new work, ALI completes more than a decade of work on the legal consequences of family dissolution, including those involving domestic partners. The issues explored include the allocation of custodial and decision-making responsibilities for children, child support, distribution of marital property, compensatory payments to former spouses, and the legal effect of agreements between the parties. “One of the most important objectives of the Family Dissolution Project was to develop a set of standards for family law which lead to predictable results while respecting decisions that adults make in their personal lives,” Bartlett said. “In the custody context, this means finding determinacy not in some state-preferred form of custody imposed upon all dissolved families, but in the division of responsibility the parents themselves chose for their child (and themselves) before the divorce.” Geoffrey C. Hazard, Jr., former director of ALI, was lavish in his praise of Bartlett’s contributions to the volume even early on in the process – before Bartlett became the Law School’s dean. “The Reporters for these chapters, Professors Katharine T. Bartlett (custody) and Grace Ganz Blumberg (support), have done admirable jobs,” he wrote in a foreword to a draft of the volume. “Members will recognize the clarity of thought and the directness of legal style in the work. They will also recognize the combination of legal precision and humane sensitivity that has been brought to bear.” As with other ALI works, this volume is intended to be a reference for the entire legal profession. “These standards are con-



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Working as a co-reporter with Ira Ellman and Grace Blumberg on the ALI’s Family Dissolution Project was one of the most rewarding and exhilarating experiences of my professional life.
— Katharine Bartlett, dean of Duke Law School


troversial, but reflect, I think, the best thinking in the law today, and the direction of current legal trends,” Bartlett said. “Even before the final draft was published this spring, a number of states have enacted some of the provisions, especially those relating to the relocation of a parent.” Bartlett’s completion of her work does not leave Duke without representation among ALI reporters. Deborah DeMott, David F. Cavers professor of law, currently is a reporter working on a project called Restatement Third of Agency. Agency is the body of law that explains how one person’s actions can have legal consequences on another person, such as in interactions between people with their stock brokers, lawyers or agents, DeMott said. The American Law Institute, founded in 1923 and based in Philadelphia, uses a deliberative process to draft and publish various restatements of the law, model codes

and other proposals for legal reform. Its selfstated goal is “to promote the clarification and simplification of the law and its better adaptation to social needs, to secure the better administration of justice, and to encourage and carry on scholarly and scientific legal work.” ALI’s membership consists of judges, practicing lawyers, and legal scholars from the U.S. and abroad, chosen for their professional achievement and demonstrated interest in the improvement of the law.

Bartlett’s Book Reaches Third Edition
Bartlett also saw the publication this spring of the third edition of her well known casebook: Gender and Law: Theory, Doctrine, and Commentary. As in previous editions, the book goes beyond traditional gender-related topics such as employment and family law to show the role of gender in issues ranging from immigration to civil procedure and ethics. It is known for its rich problem sets, entitled “Putting Theory Into Practice,” which deepen student understanding of the material by applications to concrete, real-world issues.

The book is one of the most widely used on the topic in American law schools. The new edition is co-authored by Angela P. Harris of the University of California School of Law (Boalt Hall), who also was involved in the second edition of the book, and new co-author Deborah L. Rhode of Stanford University Law School. It includes greater coverage of issues such as poverty, international human rights issues, marriage and motherhood. New cases also are examined that address subjects such as peer sexual harassment in public schools, the Violence Against Women Act and reproductive technology. “It is gratifying to have helped shape a field of law,” Bartlett said. “Before this textbook, textbooks in gender and law or sex discrimination viewed the field largely as a subset of a number of other fields, like criminal law, employment discrimination, family law and constitutional law. This book redefined gender and law as a body of knowledge that crosscut these other fields, offering a set of distinct perspectives each with its own assumptions, diagnoses and prescriptions.”

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faculty focus
A review of Duke Law Professor Jeff Powell’s book,

The President’s Authority Over Foreign Affairs
By Chris Schroeder, Charles S. Murphy professor of law

Professor Chris Schroeder

To a degree unknown in domestic policy the Congress that has broad constitutional debates, foreign and military policy debates authority with the president merely assigned often focus on who has the constitutional to 'execute' the policy decisions made by authority to make decisions about foreign Congress. This view, championed by a relations. Can President Bush attack Iraq majority in the academy, concedes that without congressional authorization? Would Congress has, as a practical matter, often his father have been justified in doing so 11 ceded much of its authority to the president, years ago, if Congress had not given its and its proponents frequently urge the approval then? Can Congress use its power Congress to reclaim that authority. A third of the purse to condition all funding for view is that the question is simply not embassy construction upon the president answered by the Constitution, which instead changing his foreign policy by moving the offers to the president and the Congress U.S. Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem? “an invitation to struggle for the privilege of Can the president directing American foreign policreate military tricy.” This somewhat remarkable bunals for the trial of answer (after all, the Founders American terrorists were acutely aware of the imporwithout an act of tance of foreign and military Congress? Is the War affairs to the security and success Powers Resolution of the fledgling republic) was constitutional? espoused by the renowned constiHistorically, three tutional scholar Edward Corwin divergent answers and is favored by political scienhave been proposed tists, as it brings political arguto the question of ments and analysis to center stage how the Constitution instead of legal arguments about Professor Jeff Powell allocates the authorithe constitutionality of actions. ty to make foreign policy. A strong pro-execInto this debate, Professor Jeff Powell utive view, favored by many presidents and has injected a new and compelling position. their legal advisors, contends that the presiHis spare and elegant book, The President's dent enjoys a broad (although not limitless) Authority Over Foreign Affairs, advocates unilateral authority with which the Congress the presidential initiative understanding of cannot interfere. An opposing pro-congresthe foreign affairs power. The presidential sional view sees foreign affairs, analogously initiative understanding differs significantly to domestic affairs, as an area in which it is from each of the other three views. Refuting



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Powell marshals arguments from the text and structure of the Constitution, as well as from the practices of President Washington and other early administrations and from the practices of early Congresses.
— Chris Schroeder, Charles S. Murphy professor of law


Corwin's claim of constitutional silence, Powell presents the presidential initiative view as the answer that the Constitution provides to the question of allocating the foreign affairs power. Powell marshals arguments from the text and structure of the Constitution, as well as from the practices of President Washington and other early administrations and from the practices of early Congresses. His argument for a constitutional answer merits close study in its own right as a form of constitutional reasoning much richer and more convincing than any textualism or originalism can provide. Unlike the pro-congressional view, Powell's position is that the president possesses the constitutional power to conduct foreign policy, including the power to use the military as an instrument of foreign policy, without congressional approval (save where discrete clauses of the Constitution,

such as the declare war clause, dictate a different conclusion). Unlike the pro-executive view, however, his understanding acknowledges that this power is defeasible. The Congress has many weapons, prominently including but not limited to the power of the purse, to constrain presidential initiatives with which it disapproves. A practical result of the presidential initiative view is that legal arguments over the constitutionality of foreign policy decisions are almost always beside the point. Consequently, foreign policy discussions must be debates over whether a course of action is wise, efficacious, consistent with our nation's values, and so on. In other words, discussions must be political, in the best sense of that word. Powell deftly employs this conclusion, which he takes to be a virtue, as a basis for

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his underlying argument about constitutional meaning, by showing that it best accords with the actions and judgments of prominent contributors to our country's early constitutional history. His argument shows the power and advantage of seeing law and politics as spheres that interpenetrate, instead of assuming that in order to be a country of laws and not of men and women the two must be kept as separate as possible. Along the way, he shows how the presidential initiative view untangles many of the complicated disputes over presidential and congressional foreign affairs authority that have arisen over the years. The President's Authority Over Foreign Affairs demonstrates the interpenetration of theory and practice as well. Throughout the book, Powell integrates his longstanding study of early constitutional history and the forms of constitutional argumentation with the experience he gained in his valuable service in the Department of Justice as one of the chief legal advisors to the president. The result is a milestone in constitutional reasoning and a guidepost to anyone who would approach these questions of foreign and military policy.



visiting faculty
The Law School welcomes seven visiting faculty members for the fall 2002 semester. principal research interests are in law and social science, and intellectual property. York City. She was senior editor of the Yale Law Journal. She teaches in the areas of civil procedure, federal jurisdiction and civil rights, and at Duke is teaching civil procedure.

William Bratton joined the faculty at The George Washington University Law School in 1999, where he is the Samuel Tyler research professor of law. He previously held the Kaiser Chair at Cardozo, and directed its Heyman Center on Corporate Governance, and was also on the faculty at Rutgers School of Law, Newark. He has been a visiting professor at the Georgetown and Stanford law schools, and at the University of Leiden. At Duke he is teaching the large upperclass courses in corporate finance and business associations. He is the co-editor of a casebook on corporate finance and an Oxford Press collection of essays on regulatory competition. Professor Bratton served as a clerk for the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, and practiced corporate law before turning to law teaching. He received both his BA and JD from Columbia University.

Teaching first-year constitutional law and a seminar on the federal practice of civil rights at Duke this semester is Erwin Chemerinsky, the Sydney M. Irmas professor of public interest law, legal ethics, and political science at the University of Southern California Law School. Professor Chemerinsky previously taught at DePaul College of Law, worked at a public interest law office, and participated in the U.S. Attorney General’s program for honor law graduates. He has briefed and argued cases in the U.S. Court of Appeals, including two recent cases in which the Ninth Circuit found unconstitutional the application of California’s three-strikes law to individuals who had been convicted of shoplifting and received life sentences. Professor Chemerinsky is the author of four books, Constitutional Law; Constitutional Law: Principles and Policies; Federal Jurisdiction; and Interpreting the Constitution. He received his undergraduate degree from Northwestern, and his JD from Harvard.

Catherine Fisk, professor of law and William Rains fellow at Loyola Law School of Los Angeles teaches in the areas of civil procedure, employment law and discrimination, and labor law. Her research interests also include the legal history of the ownership of workplace knowledge and intellectual property. At Duke, she is teaching civil procedure to a small section of first year students. Professor Fisk served a clerkship on the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals after receiving an LLM from the University of Wisconsin, a JD from Berkeley (Boalt Hall), and her undergraduate degree from Princeton. She is a former vice president of the ACLU of Southern California, and served on a special committee for investigative oversight of the City of Los Angeles.

John Conley L‘77, PhD ‘80, the William R. Kenan professor of law at UNC-Chapel Hill Law School, taught civil procedure to the Duke joint-degree summer students, and this fall is teaching the course in intellectual property. As a Duke Law student, Professor Conley was editor-in-chief of the Duke Law Journal; his PhD is in anthropology. He practiced law in Boston and Charlotte for six years, specializing in civil litigation. He also served as an adjunct faculty member at Boston College Law School, and joined the Carolina faculty in 1983. His

Another visitor for the fall semester is Laura Fitzgerald, who is on the faculty at Washington & Lee University School of Law. A graduate of Hollins College and Yale Law School, Professor Fitzgerald was a clerk for the U.S. district court, and practiced law in Washington, DC and New

A four-time winner of the teaching excellence award at UNCChapel Hill’s Law School and the first law professor at Carolina to receive the University-wide post-baccalaureate teaching award, Donald Hornstein, is teaching environmental law to Duke Law students this semester, and administrative law in the spring. At Carolina, he also holds an adjunct position in the Department of Public Policy and leads the Complexity-Theory Research



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Network for the interdisciplinary Carolina Environmental Program. In addition to environmental law and administrative law, Professor Hornstein teaches insurance law and natural resources law. He has written on risk analysis, the positive political theory of pesticide regulation, and the interplay between institutions, morality and economics in domestic and international environmental regulation. A former associate dean at UNC Law, he was an appellate attorney at the U.S. Justice Department, an associate for a DC law firm, and a clerk on the DC Court of Appeals.

Duke Law Graduates Join Adjunct Faculty
Two more Duke Law graduates will begin teaching at the Law School this academic year: Heather MacKenzie ‘90 and James Crouse ‘80. This fall, MacKenzie is teaching an immigration law course. She is the founding member of The MacKenzie Law Firm, a boutique immigration law firm in Winston-Salem. After graduating from Duke Law, she practiced in Philadelphia and Winston-Salem, and was also a consultant for several international companies. MacKenzie is also co-founder of a not-forprofit corporation called Reefteach which specializes in producing education programming on marine ecology for primary and secondary school children. Crouse will teach a course on aviation law in the spring semester. He is the co-founder of the firm of Mineo & Crouse in Raleigh, which concentrates on aviation accident litigation. Prior to founding this firm he practiced in New York, San Antonio and Arlington, VA. A licensed pilot for 32 years, Crouse has litigation experience involving major air carriers, general aviation, helicopter, and military crashes, as well as non-aviation mass disaster litigation. He has also been an adjunct teacher at the law schools of The George Washington University and St. Mary University.

Crouse and MacKenzie join almost two dozen other Duke Law graduates who teach regularly as adjuncts at the Law School: Cindy Adcock ’91 (death penalty clinic) Charles Becton ’69 (trial practice) Donald Beskind ’77 (evidence; trial practice) Scott Cammarn ’87 (banking regulation) Jeffrey Coyne ’79 (corporate reorganization) Jolynn Childers Dellinger ’93 (family law) René Stemple Ellis ’86 (negotiation & mediation) Kip Frey ’85 (legal dynamics of start-up companies) Gao Xiqing ’86 (Chinese securities law) Donna Coleman Gregg ’74 (telecommunications law) Robert Hart ’69 (advanced securities regulation) Elizabeth Kuniholm ’80 (trial practice) Sarah Hutt Ludington ’92 (legal writing & research) Karen Magri ’96 (biotech/chemical patents) Jennifer Maher ’83 (legal writing & research for int’l students) Theresa Newman ’88 (ethics & wrongful convictions) Mark Prak ’80 (telecommunications law) Timothy Profeta ’97 (endangered species act) Nancy Russell Shaw ’73 (estate and gift tax) Kenneth Sibley ’85 (patent law) Allen Siegel ’60 (collective bargaining) Terri Southwick ’85 (copyright law) Charles Verrill ’62 (international business transactions)

Alejandro Posadas LLM ‘95, SJD ‘03, is associate professor in the law division of CIDE (Center for Economics Research and Teaching) in Mexico City. At Duke Law this fall he is teaching Spanish for legal studies, a course he has taught several times at Duke, along with international investment law, international economic law, and a seminar on advising U.S. investors in Mexico. After receiving his LLM from Duke in 1995, he was an associate with a Canadian trade and investment firm, where he was a member of the defense team assisting Mexico in its first three NAFTA Investor-State arbitrations. He previously worked for the Office of the Legal Advisor of the Mexican Secretariat of Foreign Relations.

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faculty notes
Katharine Bartlett
Lectures and addresses • “U.S. Custody Law and Trends in the Context of the ALI Principles of the Law of Family Dissolution” University of Virginia Center for Children, Families and the Law, Conference on Resolving Child Custody Disputes: Innovations & Controversy (February 2002) • “Luck,” Wheaton College Honors Convocation (May 2002) Publications • Gender and Law: Theory, Doctrine, Commentary (3d edition, 2002) (with Angela Harris and Deborah Rhode) • Final Draft, Principles of the Law of Family Dissolution: Analysis and Recommendations (American Law Institute 2002) (Reporter, with Ira Ellman and Grace Blumberg) Other • Commentator, Stanford/Yale Junior Faculty Forum, Yale Law School (May 2002) • Appointed Vice President, North Carolina Bar Association (2002-03) • Named Chair, Board of Directors, Durham County Board of Social Services (2002-03) • Planning Committee Chair, Association of American Law Schools Conference for New Law Teachers, Washington, DC (June 2002) • Sentencing panel participant and commentator, Gruter Institute Conference, “Investigating Justice: Applying Evolutionary Biology to Right and Wrong in the Law,” Squaw Valley, CA (June 2002) • Commentator, 4th Annual Conference of the Society for Evolutionary Analysis of Law, Florida State University (April 2002) • Moderator, “Is the Drug War DeEscalating?” Association of American Law Schools Annual Meeting. New Orleans (January 2002) • Planning Committee, International Society for Reform of Criminal Law Conference “Technology and Its Effects on Criminal Responsibility, Security and Criminal Justice” (to be held in Charleston, SC, December 2002) • Member, Duke University Academic Council (2001-02) • Member, Duke University TrusteeFaculty Honorary Degree Committee (2000-present)

James Boyle
Lectures and addresses • “The Second Enclosure Movement,” UNC Law Faculty Workshop (February 2002) • “Four Ways to Misunderstand the Internet,” Inaugural Jenkins Chair Symposium, Duke University (February 2002) • “Introduction,” Digital Public Interest Panel, Duke Law School (March 2002) • “The Public Domain,” Conference on the Future of the Archive, Edinburgh University (March 2002) • “You Can't Own a Gene? The Debate over Property in the Genome,” Washington University of St. Louis Conference on Genomics and Intellectual Property (April 2002) • “Reinventing the Commons,” Conference on the Future of Property, Center for Business Innovation, Cambridge (April 2002) Publications • Fencing Off Ideas, Daedalus, Spring 2002, at 13 Other • Board Member, Creative Commons • Academic Advisory Board, Electronic Privacy and Information Center

Francesca Bignami Sara Sun Beale
Lectures and addresses • “Grand Jury Reform,” American Bar Association White Collar Crime Seminar, Miami (March 2002) • “Prospects for Restorative Justice in the United States,” The Utah Restorative Justice Conference, Salt Lake City (March 2002) • “The Academic View,” Eleventh Annual National Seminar on the Federal Sentencing Guidelines, Palm Springs, CA (May 2002) Publications • The Unintended Consequences of Enhancing Gun Penalties: Shooting Down the Commerce Clause and Arming Federal Prosecutors, 51 Duke Law Journal 1641-81 (2002) Other • Member, American Bar Association, Criminal Justice Standards Committee (2002-05)

Lectures and addresses • “Judicial Federalism in the EU,” Workshop on Federalism and Multi-Level Governance, Center for European Studies, UNC-Chapel Hill (March 2002) • “Law Teaching in Comparative Perspective,” Facolta' di Giurisprudenza, Universita' di Roma III (June 2002) Publications • Book Review, 11 Social & Legal Studies 317 (2002) (reviewing Theodora Th. Ziamou, Rulemaking, Participation and the Limits of Public Law in The U.S.A. and Europe (2001) and Edward C. Page, Governing by Numbers (2001)) Other • German Marshall Fund grant for advanced research on European integration (2002-03) • Emile Noel Fellowship for research on European integration (2002-03)

Michael Byers
Lectures and addresses • “Terror and the Future of International Law,” All Souls College, Oxford University, UK (June 2002) • “Military Cooperation and the Challenge of Conflicting Legal Obligations,” British Institute of International & Comparative Law, London, UK (June 2002) • “Canadian Armed Forces under U.S. Command,” Testimony before the Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs & International Trade, Vancouver, Canada (May 2002) • “Terror and the Future of International Law,” Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva, Switzerland (March 2002)

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• “The Secret Life of The Legal Adviser: Politics, Strategy and the Making of International Law,” Lauterpacht Research Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge, UK (February 2002) Publications • Terrorism, the Use of Force and International Law After September 11, 51 International & Comparative Law Quarterly 401-14 (2002) • Foreword: The Challenges of Change, 12 Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law 1-6 (2002) • The Shifting Foundations of International Law: A Decade of Forceful Measures Against Iraq, 13 European Journal of International Law 21-41 (2002) • Terror and the Future of International Law, in Worlds in Collision 118-27 (Ken Booth & Tim Dunne edds., Palgrave 2002) • Decisions of British Courts During 2001 Involving Questions of Public International Law, 72 British Yearbook of International Law 413-36 (2001) Other • Peter North Visiting Fellow, Centre for Socio-Legal Studies & Keble College, Oxford University (September 2001–August 2002)

George Christie
Lectures and addresses • Faculty Workshop, University of Auckland Faculty of Law, New Zealand (April 2002) • “The Importance of Recognizing the Underlying Assumptions of Legal and Moral Arguments: Of Law and Rawls,” Plenary Session, Australian Society of Legal Philosophy during its Annual Meeting in Canberra, Australia (June 2002) Other • Represented Duke Law School at the 16th Quadrennial Congress of the International Academy of Comparative Law at Brisbane, Australia; Chaired a session titled “The Constitutional Treatment of Hate Speech” (July 2002) • Visiting Fellow, Research School of Social Sciences at the Australian National University, Canberra, Australia (June/July 2002)

Community Development’s Second Annual Roundtable on Securities, Shanghai, China (June 2002) • Taught in Latrobe University’s Global Law Program in Melbourne and gave an address, “Untangling Enron” as Parson’s Lecturer, University of Sydney and also as public address sponsored by Latrobe University (July 2002) Publications • Corporate Governance in the United States: The Evolving Role of the Independent Board, Chapter 13 in Corporate Governance: An Asia-Pacific Critique (Sweet & Maxwell 2002) • 2002 Supplement to Securities Regulations Cases and Materials (3d ed 2001) • 2002 Supplement to Corporations (1995)


Richard Danner
Lectures and addresses • Moderator/Speaker, “The Future of the Law Library,” Annual Meeting, Southeastern Conference, Association of American Law Schools (August 2002) • “Electronic Publication of Legal Scholarship: Issues for Law Libraries,” Annual Meeting, American Association of Law Libraries, Orlando, FL (July 2002) • “Web Publication of Law Journals at Duke,” 2002 Conference for Law School Computing, Chicago IL (June 2002) • Panelist, “Gazing into the Crystal Ball: The Future of Law Libraries,” Annual Meeting, Southeastern Chapter of the American Association of Law Libraries (April 2002) • “Electronic Publication of Legal Scholarship: Issues of Preservation and Access” Workshop on Technology, Legal Information, and Legal Knowledge, University at Buffalo Law School (March 2002) • “Electronic Publication of Legal Scholarship” Yale Law Library, New Haven, CT (February 2002) • “Electronic Publication of Scholarly Information in Law: New Issues and New Models,” Plenary Session, Association of American Law Schools Annual Meeting, New Orleans (January 2002)

Doriane Coleman
Publications • Fixing Columbine: The Challenge to American Liberalism (Carolina Academic Press 2002) • Culture, Cloaked in Mens Rea, 100 The South Atlantic Quarterly 981(2001) Other • Duke Bar Association Distinguished Teaching Award (Spring 2002)

Paul Carrington
Lectures and addresses • “Selecting North Carolina Judges,” Board of Governors, North Carolina Bar (April 2002) • “Unconscionable Lawyers,” Business Law Section, American Bar Association (March 2002) • “Unconscionable Lawyers,” Georgia State University Law School (February 2002) • “Self-Deregulation by Contract, University of Nevada Law School (January 2002) Publications • Fearing Fear Itself, 5 Green Bag 2d 37585 (2002) • A Mother's Day Eulogy for Janet George Llewellyn, 5 Green Bag 2d 265-68 (2002) • Selecting North Carolina Judges for the 21st Century, NC State Bar Journal, Spring 2002, at 8-10

James Cox
Lectures and addresses • “The Paradoxical Corporate and Securities Implications of Counsel Serving on the Client’s Board,” Washington University F. Hodge O’Neal Symposium, St. Louis, MO (February 2002) • “Leaving Money on the Table: An Empirical Study of Financial Institution’s Participation in Securities Class Action Settlements,” University of Pennsylvania, Institute for Law and Economic Policy Conference, Hollywood, FL (March 2002) • “The Death of the Securities Regulator: Globalization,” University of California, Boalt Hall School of Law (April 2002) • “The Keys to Effective Securities Law Enforcement: The U.S. Experience,” Organization of Economic and

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faculty notes
Other • Member, Board of Directors, International Association of Law Libraries • Member, Executive Committee, Association of American Law Schools • Recipient, Frederick C. Hicks Award for Outstanding Contributions to Academic Law Librarianship (July 2002) • Recipient, Presidential Certificate of Merit, American Association of Law Libraries (July 2002) • “Supreme Court Advocacy,” Solicitors General Appellate Practice Conference (June 2002) • Public Interview of Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist, Duke Law School, Alumni Weekend (April 2002) • “Justice Hugo Black,” Fourth Circuit Judicial Conference (June 2002) Other • Head of Appellate Practice Group, O’Melveny & Myers, Washington, DC • Argued and prevailed in two cases before the U.S. Supreme Court: U.S. Airways v. Barnett (December 2001)(involving the accommodation of seniority systems and the Americans with Disabilities Act) and Utah v. Evans (March 2002)(Court upheld constitutionality of the Census Act and awarded the last congressional seat to North Carolina) Legal Education, National Advocacy Center, Columbia, SC (August 2002) Other • Panel Member, “Design of Legal Research & Writing Assignments,” Second Annual North Carolina Legal Writing Consortium, University of North Carolina School of Law, (May 2002) • Panel Member, “Icing on the Cake – Legal Writing Consulting, Workshops, and Other Out-of-Law-School Opportunities,” Tenth Biannual Conference of the Legal Writing Institute, Knoxville, TN (May 2002)

Walter Dellinger
Lectures and addresses • Keynote address and panel, “Litigating Cases Before the Rehnquist Court,” Association of American Law Schools Convocation on Constitutional Law (June 2002) • “National Power in an Age of Terrorism,” American University Law School (November 2001) • Speaker, Conference on Law & Art, University of Texas Law School (March 2002) • “Congress and the Court,” Conference on Congress and the Constitution, University of Indiana Law School (February 2002) • Speaker on constitutional issues, UNCChapel Hill Law School (March 2002) • Judge, National Security Moot Court Finals, George Washington Law School (February 2002) • Presiding Judge, Moot Court Finals, University of Chicago Law School (May 2002) • “Reclaiming the Constitution,” University of Chicago Law School (May 2002) • “The Supreme Court Term,” American Bar Association Annual Meeting (August 2001) • “Religion and Public Education: A Debate with the Attorney General of Alabama,” Federalist Society National Lawyer’s Meeting (November 2001) • “Selection of Federal Judges, American Judicature Society (May 2002) • Speaker, ABA Teleconference on Labor and Employment Cases (June 2002) • “The Supreme Court Term,” National Association of Attorneys General (June 2002)

Martin Golding
Publication • The Cultural Defense, 15 Ratio Juris 146-58 (June 2002)

Paul Haagen Deborah DeMott
Lectures and addresses • “Common Law Perspectives on Conflicts of Interest,” ABA Banking Committee Forum, ABA Annual Meeting (August 2002) • “Patterns in Corporate Scandal and Reform,” Faculty Panel, Duke Law School Alumni Weekend (April 2002) Publications • Acquisition Agreement: Material Adverse Change Clauses, 76 Australian Law Journal 414 (2002) • Shareholders as Principals, in Key Developments in Law and Equity: Essays in Honour of Harold Ford (Ian Ramsay ed., 2002) Other • Defended Tentative Draft No. 3 of Restatement Third of Agency, ALI Annual Meeting (May 2002) • Appointed Adjunct Professor of Business Administration, Fuqua School of Business (January 2002) • Completed term as Visiting Centennial Professor of Law, London School of Economics and Political Science Lectures and addresses • “Reform of Intercollegiate Athletics,” National Association of College and University Attorneys Annual Conference, Boston, MA (June 2002) • “Technology and Legal Change,” North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, Durham, NC (March 2002) • “Contracts to Arbitrate in the United States,” Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Austria (June 2002) • “Pre-Arbitral Dispute Resolution under the ICC,” Paris, France (May 2002) Publications • Have the Wheels Already Been Invented: The Court for Arbitration in Sport, in Mediating Sports Disputes, National and International Perspectives (Ian S. Blackshaw & Keba Mbaye eds., TMC Asser Press 2002) Other • Co-Director, Asia-America Institute for Transnational Law (July/August, 2001) • Visiting Professor, Faculty of Law, Institute of Civil Procedure, Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Austria (May/June 2002) • Chair, Duke University Student Athlete Advisory Committee • Chair, Duke University Misconduct in Research Committee • Chair, Duke University Bookstore Committee

Diane Dimond
Lectures and addresses • “Advanced Writing Skills for Attorneys,” U.S. Department of Justice, Office of

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• Member, Duke University Academic Priorities Committee • Member, Duke University Executive Committee of Academic Council

Clark Havighurst
Lectures and addresses • “Medical Necessity: New Definitions, Decisions, Business Strategies,” American Association of Health Plans Annual Institute, San Diego (June 2002) Publications • Health Care as a (Big) Business: The Antitrust Response, 26 Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 939-55 (2002)

Other • Fulbright Senior Specialist in Malaysia, affiliated as a Distinguished Visiting Scholar at IKMAS (the Institute of Malaysian and International Studies), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, (June/July 2002)

David Lange
Publications • Poem, Willing The Child To Return, in In the Shadow of the Wall (Byron R. Tetrick ed., Cumberland House, 2002) (an anthology of short fiction and poetry about the Vietnam War, inspired by the Memorial in Washington, DC) Other • Moderator, panel discussion at conference on “Music and Theft: Technology, Sampling and the Law,” Duke Law School (March 2002) • Member, University’s Intellectual Property Committee • With Professor Jeff Powell and others, joined in filing a Brief Amicus Curiae on behalf of Hal Roach Studios and its chairman Michael Agee in Eldred v. Ashcroft, now pending before the Supreme Court of the United States; the issue is the constitutionality of the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act, which added 20 years to the terms of most American copyrights.

Donald Horowitz
Lectures and addresses • Session Chair/Commentator, Commonwealth Parliamentarians Association Professional Development Program for Malaysian Parliamentarians and State Assemblymen, Kuala Lumpur (June 2002) • “The Research University: A State of Mind,” Universiti Kebangsaan, Malaysia (June 2002) • “Electoral Systems and Their Goals,” Electoral Studies Group at IKMAS and spoke on practical problems of developing a research university to an informal meeting of deans, Universiti Kebangsaan, Malaysia (July 2002) • Spoke on issues involved in building research institutes to staff of Institute Kajian Malaysia dan Antarabangsa (July 2002) Publications • Constitutional Design: Proposals Versus Processes, in The Architecture of Democracy: Constitutional Design, Conflict Management, and Democracy 15-36 (Andrew Reynolds ed., Oxford University Press, 2002) • Explaining the Northern Ireland Agreement: The Sources of an Unlikely Constitutional Consensus, 32 British Journal of Political Science 193-221 (April 2002) • Book Review, 8 Nations & Nationalism 397 (2002) reviewing Athena Leoussi ed., Encyclopedia of Nationalism (2001))

• “Cooperation Among Judges in Mass Torts,” National Center for State Courts (February 2002) • “The Tragedy of the Asbestos Commons,” University of Virginia Law School (Feburary 2002) • “Claims Resolution Facilities,” Stanford Law School (February 2002) • “The Smoke River Mediation,” Stanford Law School (March 2002) • “Compensation Under the 9/11 Statute,” Stanford Law School (April 2002) • “Federal-State Cooperation,” National Center for State Courts, General Counsel Committee (May 2002) • “Resolving Asbestos Bankruptcies,” Chicago, IL (June 2002) • “Asbestos Litigation,” Federalist Society (June 2002) Publications • Settlement of Mass Torts In a Federal System, 16 Wake Forest Law Review 102 (2002) • Litigation as an Alternative to Legislation in Achieving Public Health Reform, XXIII La Revue Tocqueville (2002) Other • Consultant, United Nations Compensation Commission, Geneva, Switzerland


Madeline Morris
Lectures and addresses • “Democratic Governance versus International Criminal Justice: The Dilemma of the International Criminal Court,” United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva, Switzerland (June 2002) • “The Democratic Deficit of the International Criminal Court,” Faculty of Law, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland (June 2002) • “The Democratic Dilemma of the International Criminal Court,” Graduate Institute for International Studies, Geneva, Switzerland (June 2002) • “The Disturbing Democratic Defect of the International Criminal Court,” Annual Meeting of the Law and Society Association, Vancouver, Canada (May 2002) • “Universal Jurisdiction in a Divided World: Implications of the Yerodia
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Carolyn McAllaster
Lectures and addresses • “Wills, Advanced Directives, and Standby Guardianship,” Early Intervention Clinic, Durham County Health Department (April 2002) • “HIV and the Law,” HIV Concepts and Management Class at the Duke School of Nursing (June 2002)

Francis McGovern
Lectures and addresses • “Federal-State Cooperation,” FederalState Jurisdiction Committee of the U.S. Judicial Conference, Key Biscayne, FL (January 2002) • “Strategic Mediation,” Hastings Law School (January 2002)



faculty notes
Decision of the International Court of Justice,” Egyptian Society of International Law, Cairo, Egypt (April 2002) • “The Democratic Dilemma of the International Criminal Court,” Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies, Cairo, Egypt (April 2002) • “The International Criminal Court: Problems and Prospects,” Political Science Seminar of the American University, Cairo, Egypt (April 2002) • Briefing on International Criminal Jurisdiction, U.S. National Security Council, Office of the Director for Democracy, Human Rights, and International Operations, Washington, DC (May 2002) • “The Democratic Dilemma of International Criminal Law,” Conference on Combating Impunity: Stakes and Perspectives, Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Coalition for the International Criminal Court, Brussels, Belgium (March 2002) Publications • Judgment Without Democracy, OpEd, Washington Post, July 24, 2002, at A19 • Lacking a Leviathan: The Quandaries of Peace and Accountability, in Post Conflict Justice (Cherif Bassiouni ed., 2002) • The Democratic Dilemma of the International Criminal Court, 5 Buffalo Criminal Law Review 591 (2002) • The Democratic Defect of the International Criminal Court, Newsletter of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Issue 23, July 25, 2002 • The Democratic Dilemma of International Criminal Law, in From a Culture of Impunity to a Culture of Accountability (Flinterman & Rashkur eds., 2002) • Universal Jurisdiction in a Divided World, 35 New England Law Review 337 (2001) Other • Named Advisor to the Prosecutor, Special Court for Sierra Leone (2002) • Member, Advisory Board, American Bar Association, Central and East European Law Initiative (2001-present) • Director, Duke International Legal Clinic for the Special Court for Sierra Leone • Participant by invitation, Meeting of

Experts on “Reparations for Victims of Grave Violations of International Humanitarian Law,” University of Leuven Center for Human Rights, Leuven, The Netherlands (March 2002)

Contracts Experience, Version 1 (August 2002)

William Reppy
Publications • Choice of Law Problems Arising When Unmarried Cohabitants Change Domicile, 55 SMU Law Review 273 (2002) • Remarks: The Legal Status of Nonhuman Animals, 58 Animal Law 1 (2002) (with others) • A New Speciality: Animal Law, N.C. State Bar Journal, Spring 2002, at 12-15 • Supplement to Gilbert’s Community Property (18th ed.) Other • Member, North Carolina Task Force to Abolish Animal Fighting • Reappointed, Chair, Duke University Academic Council Committee on Elections, two-year term • Inducted, Life Member, American Law Institute Annual Meeting (May 2002) • Member, national advisory board of Animal Law journal • Reappointed, two-year term, North Carolina General Statutes Commission (2002-04) • Duke Trustee, Kathrine Robinson Everett Trust • Featured guest, television program Laying Down the Law on topic of animal law (May/June 2002)

Robert Mosteller
Publications • Evidence: Cases and Materials (6th ed. 2002)(with Broun and Giannelli) Other • Chair, Faculty Hearing Committee (January-December 2002) • Member, President’s Advisory Committee on Resources (2001-present) • Member, Trustee Nominating Committee (2000-present) • Member, Academic Council (2000-present)

Jeff Powell
Publications • A Community Built on Words, The Constitution in History and Politics (University of Chicago Press, 2002) • The Contracts Experience Version 2 (Contracts Video Project, 2002) (with John Weistart & Girardeau A. Spann) • Editor, Our Chief Magistrate and His Powers: William Howard Taft (orig. ed. 1916) (Carolina Academic Press 2002) • Overcoming Democracy: Richard Posner and Bush v. Gore, 17 Journal of Law & Politics 333 (2002) • The Desirability of Politics, 6 Green Bag 2d 279 (2002) Other • 7th Annual Education Software Review Awards, Graduate Education, for The Contracts Experience, Version 1 (April 2002) • The Aegis Award, Multimedia Production, for The Contracts Experience, Version 1 (April 2002) • 2002 Telly Award, Videography and Multimedia, for The Contracts Experience, Version 1 (April 2002) • Axiem Award for Absolute Excellence in Electronic Media in Education and Law Categories for The Contracts Experience, Version 1 (June 2002) • EDDIE Award, Graduate/Law Category, given by ComputED Gazette for The

H.B. Robertson
Publication • Self-Defense Against Computer Network Attack Under International Law, in Computer Network Attack and International Law 121 (Michael N. Schmitt ed., 76 U.S. Naval War College International Law Studies, 2002)

Thomas Rowe
Lectures and addresses • Panelist, “’The Big Idea’ in Civil Procedure Scholarship and Teaching,” Civil Procedure Section, Association of American Law Schools, New Orleans (January 2002) • “American Class Action Experience and Its Relevance for Indonesia,” International

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Conference on Class Action Procedures and Their Implementation in the Indonesian Judicial System, Jakarta (February 2002) • “Shift Happens: Pressure on Cost Paradigms from Group Proceedings,” University of Sydney Faculty of Law, Sydney, and Flinders University Faculty of Law, Adelaide (February/March 2002) Publications • Federal Courts in the 21st Century: Cases and Materials (with Fink, Mullenix, and Tushnet) (LexisNexis 2d ed. 2002) • Gilbert Law Summaries: Civil Procedure (16th ed. 2002) (with Marcus)(Study aid) • Protection of Personal Privacy and Trade Secrets in American Civil Litigation (pts. 1 and 2), NBL [Japanese Business Law Journal], Nos. 729 Jan. 15, 2002, at 60, No. 730 Feb 1, 2002, at 57 (in Japanese; translated by Prof. Masahiko Omura) • Who Should Pay for Attorneys' Fees? Considerations in Choosing Among Approaches to Recovery of Attorney Fees in Civil Litigation (pts. 1 and 2), NBL [Japanese Business Law Journal], No. 720 Sept. 1, 2001 at 16, No.723 Oct. 15, 2001, at 54 (in Japanese; translated by Prof. Koichi Miki) • A Square Peg in a Round Hole? The 2000 Limitation on the Scope of Federal Civil Discovery, 69 Tennessee Law Review 13-33 (2001) Other • Parsons Fellow, University of Sydney Faculty of Law (January/February 2002) • Inducted, Life Member, American Law Institute Annual Meeting (May 2002) • Visiting Professor, UCLA School of Law (Fall 2002)

Publications • Many Unhappy Returns: Estate Tax Returns by Married Decedents, 21 Virginia Tax Rev. 361 (2002) (with Jay A. Soled) Other • Concluded term, Vice Chair, Duke University Academic Council (May 2002)

Christopher Schroeder
Lectures and addresses • “The Implications of Recent Federalism Decisions on Congress' Response to Environmental Problems,” Conference on Congressional Response to the Federalism Decisions, University of Indiana (February 2002) • “National Defense and Civil Liberties,” at the Terrorism: Threat and Response Conference, sponsored by the Triangle Institute for Security Studies and the United States Army War College, UNCChapel Hill (February 2002) • “Executive Privilege and the Bush Administration,” Duke Administrative Law Conference (March 2002) • “Legislative Responses to Terrorism: National Security vs. Civil Rights,” Security Challenges After September 11th: National and International Perspectives Conference, Center on Law Ethics and National Security, Program in Public Law, Duke University (April 2002) Publication • Lost in the Translation: What Environmental Regulation Does that Tort Cannot Duplicate, 41 Washburn Law Journal 583 (2002) Other • Vice Chair, Duke Academic Council (2001-02) • Presenter, Duke Technology Forum, Duke Office of Instructional Technology (April 2001) • Duke Faculty Hearing Committee • Duke Forest Committee

Richard Schmalbeck
Lectures and addresses • Delivered a series of lectures on the American and Canadian tax systems, Instituto Tecnico Autonomo de Mexico, Mexico City (February/March 2002) • “International Tax Concepts from the American Viewpoint,” Tax Analysis and Revenue Forecasting Program, Duke Center for International Development (June 2002)

Steven Schwarcz
Lectures and addresses • Fourth AIIFL Distinguished Public Lecture, The University of Hong Kong (March 2002) • “Rating the Raters: Enron and the Credit

Rating Agencies,” Testimony before the Committee on Governmental Affairs of the U.S. Senate (March 2002) • Speaker on sovereign and subnational debt restructuring, World Bank (May 2002) • Speaker on sovereign debt restructuring, Institute of International Economics (May 2002) • Presenter, Faculty Workshops, Harvard Law School and Wake Forest University School of Law and Babcock School of Management (April 2002) • Lecturer, University of Cincinnati Symposium on Corporate Reorganization and Bankruptcy (March 2002) Publications • Global Decentralization and the Subnational Debt Problem, 51 Duke Law Journal 1179-1250 (2002) • Private Ordering of Public Markets: The Rating Agency Paradox, 2002 University of Illinois Law Review 1-28, republished as Related Publications 02-9, AEIBrookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies available at: pdffiles/related_02_09.pdf • Indirectly Held Securities and Intermediary Risk, 6 Uniform Law Review/ Revue de droit uniforme 283 (2001) • The Universal Language of International Securitization, 12 Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law 285 (2002) • The Impact of Bankruptcy Reform on "True Sale" Determination in Securitization Transactions, 7 Fordham Journal of Corporate & Financial Law 353 (2002) (presented at the 2001 Eugene Murphy Conference on Corporate Law) • The Impact on Securitization of Revised UCC Article 9, 74 Chicago-Kent Law Review 947 (1999) reprinted in UCC Bulletin, Dec., 2001, at 1 Other • Visiting Professor, University of Geneva Faculty of Law (May/June 2002) • At its request, submitted written testimony to the Committee on the Judiciary of the U.S. Senate regarding proposed Section 912 (true sales in securitization transactions) of the
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faculty notes
Bankruptcy Reform Act of 2001 (February 2002) • Special Master in Bank of America, N.A. v. Patriarch Partners, LLC, U.S. District Court, W.D.N.C. • Appointed, Academic Advisory Committee, Fudan University’s Civil & Commercial Law Review • Organized symposium issue on International Securitization and Structured Finance, Duke J. Comp. & Int'l Law (Spring 2002) • Speaker, “The War on Terrorism: A Legal Quagmire,” North Carolina Bar Association Annual Meeting, Wilmington, NC (June 2002) • "The War on Terrorism" and the Legal Issues Involved in the Use of Military Commissions, Barksdale AFB and the AMC/TRANSCOM Conference at Scott AFB (August 2002) • Speaker, “The War on Terrorism: A Legal and Policy Dilemma,” Durham Rotary Club (September 2002) Other • Testimony before the Senate Judiciary Committee regarding President Bush’s Military Order of November 13; comments focused on legal and policy concerns regarding the Order (November 2001) • Chaired panel of experts discussing whether the ongoing armed conflict in Afghanistan represents a model for future interaction between the military and humanitarian aid organizations, sponsored by Duke Law School’s International Law Society (April 2002) • Organizer, LENS Annual Spring Conference, “Security Challenges After September 11: National and International Perspectives,” co-sponsored by the Law School’s Program in Public Law and Global Capital Markets Center, the Terry Sanford Institute of Public Policy, the Kenan Institute for Ethics, and the Triangle Institute for Security Studies (April 2002) • Participant, panel discussion of legal issues incident to the War on Terrorism, Law Alumni Weekend (April 2002) • Joined with Harvard Law School’s Arthur Miller in a panel discussion on “Constitutional Issues Surrounding Terrorism and Professionalism During Crisis,” North Carolina Bar Association’s Young Lawyer’s Division, Charlotte, NC (April 2002) • Participant in programs at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Conference of the American Association of American Law Schools (SEAALS), Kiawah Island, SC (August 2002) • Co-organizer, program on military commissions, sponsored by the ABA’s Standing Committee on Law and • National Security, at the ABA Annual Meeting in Washington, DC (August 2002) Frequent commentator on CNN, National Public Radio, and other national television and radio news programs on issues involving military law and national security Member, Faculty Advisory Committee for the Duke Journal of Comparative and International Law Member, ABA Standing Committee on Law and National Security Continuing member, Judge Advocates Association, a national organization of active duty, reserve and retired judge advocates from all the services

• •

Scott Silliman
Lectures and addresses • Speaker, Events of September 11 and the U.S. Response to Terrorism, Biannual Meeting, Duke Magazine Editorial Advisory Board (November 2001) • Speaker, Legal Issues Incident to the War on Terrorism, meeting of the John Locke Foundation, Raleigh, NC (November 2001) • Lecture, Law of War, Undergraduate Class of the Peace, War and Defense Curriculum, UNC-Chapel Hill (November 2001) • Lecture, Reserve Officer Training Corps Programs at Duke and UNC (January-May 2002). • “National Security Law Update, UNC Law School’s 12th Annual Festival of Legal Learning (February 2002) • “Freedom and Security in 21st Century America: Are Our Individual Liberties at Risk?” CLE Program, North Carolina Bar Association, Raleigh, NC (February 2002) • Comments on the U.S. Response to Terrorism as a Result of the Attacks upon the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, Faculty and Student Body of Roanoke College, Salem, Virginia (February 2002) • Speaker, Legal Issues in the War against Terrorism, UNC Law Alumni Board (April 2002) • Speaker, Durham District Bar Association (May 2002) • Lecturer, Law of War, Issues Involving the Use of Force Against Terrorists, and the Accountability of Commanders for War Crimes, to Officer Students at the JFK Special Warfare Center, Fort Bragg, NC (May/August 2002)

Laura Underkuffler
Publication • Religion, History, and the Constitution, 15 Journal of Law & Religion 101 (2001)

William Van Alstyne
Lectures and addresses • Presenter and panelist, “Beyond Separation,” Conference on the Establishment and Free Exercise Clauses of the First Amendment, University of Virginia School of Law (February 2002) • Presenter and panelist, “Whose Rule of Law,” Conference on the Rule of Law in China, The College of William & Mary, Marshall-Wythe Law School (March 2002) Publications • The American First Amendment in the Twenty-First Century (Foundation Press, 3d. ed. 2002) • 2002-03 Supplement to The American First Amendment in the Twenty-First Century (3d ed. 2002) Other • Lee Distinguished Visiting Professor, The College of William & Mary, MarshallWythe Law School, Williamsburg, VA (Spring 2002) • Prepared a summary of the distribution of war powers between Congress and the president at the request of Senate Byrd, Chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee (August 2002)

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Neil Vidmar
Publications • Retributive Justice: Its Social Context, in The Justice Motive in Everyday Life 291 (M. Ross & D.T. Miller, eds., Cambridge University Press 2002) • Juries, in 2 Legal Systems of the World 800 (Herbert M. Kritzer ed., ABC-CLIO 2002). • A Flawed Search for Bias in the American Bar Association's Ratings of Judicial Nominees: A Critique of the Lindgren/ Federalist Society Study, XVII Journal of Law and Politics (No. 2 2001)(with Saks) • Juror Discussion During Civil Trials: A Study of Arizona's Rule 39(f) Innovation, American Bar Foundation, April 2002, with others, available at: vidmar/Arizonacivildiscussions.pdf Other • Panelist, Symposium on the Criminal Jury, St. Louis University School of Law (February 2002) • Panelist and organizer, “The Arizona Jury Project,” American Psychology and Law Society Bi-Annual Meeting, Austin, TX (March 2002) • Panelist and organizer, “Studying Real Juries – The Arizona Civil Jury Videotaping Project,” Annual Law and Society Association Meeting, Vancouver, BC (May/June 2002) • Organizer and panelist, “Jury Trials in Inuit and Other Aboriginal Communities: Conversations with a Canadian Judge,” Annual Law and Society Association Meeting, Vancouver, BC (May/June 2002) • Panelist, “Something New Under the Sun: Innovations in Civil Jury Trials,” Annual Meeting of the American Bar Association, Washington, DC (August 2002)

Duke University Sanford Institute of Public Policy (May 2002) • Sponsor and moderator, “Financial Reporting, Legal and Governance Issues Associated with the Enron Situation,” Duke University Fuqua School of Business (April 2002) • Panel moderator and co-sponsor, “VC Money is Not the Only Money,” Money & Markets 2002, Council for Entrepreneurial Development, Durham, NC (January 2002) • Sponsor and moderator, “Crisis in Argentina: Debt and Devaluation,” Duke University School of Law (January 2002) • Moderator, “Straight Talk on Leadership,” Coach K and Fuqua School of Business Conference on Leadership, Duke University (August 2002) Publication • Situating Project Finance and Securitization in Context: A Comment on Bjerre, 12 Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law, 449-52 (2002)

Version 1 (June 2002) • EDDIE Award, Graduate/Law Category, given by ComputED Gazette for The Contracts Experience, Version 1 (August 2002) • Consultant, Federal Trade Commission


Jonathan Wiener
Lectures and addresses • Speaker and conference organizer, “Comparing Precaution in the U.S. and Europe,” Transatlantic Dialogue on the Reality of Precaution: Comparing Approaches to Risk and Regulation,” organized by the Duke Center for Environmental Solutions, the European Commission, and the German Marshall Fund, Warrenton VA (June 2002) • “Precaution,” Vanderbilt University School of Law, Nashville TN (April 2002) • “Reconstructing Climate Policy,” University of Colorado Law School, Boulder, CO (March 2002) • Speaker and conference organizer, “Comparing Precaution in the U.S. and Europe: Evaluating the Conventional Wisdom,” Conference on the U.S., the EU, and Precaution, organized by the European Commission, the U.S. Mission to the EU, and the German Marshall Fund, with the European Policy Centre and the Duke Center for Environmental Solutions, Bruges/Brugge, Belgium (January 2002) Publications • Reconstructing Climate Policy, (AEI Press, 2002) (with Richard B. Stewart) • Sustainable Governance, in The Moral Austerity of Environmental Decisionmaking 131-44 (John Martin Gillroy & Joe Bowersox eds., Duke University Press 2002) • Precaution in a Multirisk World, in Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: Theory and Practice 1509-31 (Dennis Paustenbach ed., John Wiley & Sons 2002) • Designing Global Climate Regulation, in Climate Change Policy: A Survey (Stephen Schneider, Armin Rosencranz & John O. Niles eds., Island Press 2002) Other • Named University Fellow, Resources for the Future (RFF), Washington DC (2002-05) • Elected to Governing Council, Society for Risk Analysis (2001-04)
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John Weistart
Lectures and Addresses • “Redefining the Law Student's Classroom Experience,” Duke Law Alumni, Washington, DC (February 2002) • “Technology and Innovations in Pedagogy,” Duke University CampusWide Technology Showcase (April 2002) • Various presentations of The Contracts Experience (Spring 2002) Publication • The Contracts Experience, Version 2 (Contracts Video Project 2002)(with Jeff Powell & Girardeau Spann) Other • 7th Annual Education Software Review Awards, Graduate Education, for The Contracts Experience, Version 1 (April 2002) • The Aegis Award, Multimedia Production, for The Contracts Experience, Version 1 (April 2002) • 2002 Telly Award, Videography and Multimedia, for The Contracts Experience, Version 1 (April 2002) • Axiem Award for Absolute Excellence in Electronic Media in Education and Law Categories for The Contracts Experience,

Stephen Wallenstein
Lectures and addresses • Co-sponsor and panelist, “A Framework for European Securitisation,” Duke Global Capital Markets Center and European Securitisation Forum, Fortis Bank, Brussels, Belgium (June 2002) • “Project Finance,” The Program on Project Appraisal and Risk Management,



54 56 66

Reunion 2002 Class Notes Commencement 2002

reunion 2002

Reunion Weekend brings Rehnquist visit, panels, awards
It was a Reunion Weekend to remember, with more than 900 alumni, friends and family in attendance April 12-14. Among the highlights: • The alumni banquet on Friday night honoring this year’s recipients of the Law Alumni Association awards: Herbert L. Bernstein Haley J. Fromholz ‘67 William G. Louis-Dreyfus ‘57 A. Daniel Scheinman ‘87 Hideyuki Sakai ‘82 • Panel discussions on the legal consequences of the Enron case and the legal implications of the war on terrorism, featuring professors James Cox, Deborah DeMott, Christopher Schroeder, Steven Schwarcz and Scott Silliman • The inaugural Great Lives in the Law lecture, sponsored by the Duke Program in Public Law, delivered by The Honorable Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist, William H. Rehnquist Chief Justice of the United States This year's reunion classes contributed more than $1.7 million to the Annual Fund in gifts and five-year pledges, a new oneyear reunion record that tops the old mark by $400,000. Barrister participation levels also hit new highs for a number of classes. And remember, it’s not too early to start thinking about Reunion Weekend 2003. Mark your calendars for April 11-13 (FridaySunday). For more information, please visit reunions.htm.

The A. Kenneth Pye Award
Created to honor the life of former Law School Dean and Duke University Chancellor A. Kenneth Pye, this award recognizes contributions to the field of legal education by Duke Law alumni or other members of the Duke Law School community. This year’s recipient was Herbert L. Bernstein, a beloved professor at Duke Law School for 17 years who passed away last year.

The Charles S. Murphy Award
This award is presented annually to a graduate whose career reflects the ideals exemplified in the accomplishments of Charles S. Murphy ‘34, a graduate who devoted his life to public service as well as Duke University. This year's recipient was Haley J. Fromholz ‘67, superior court judge for the State of California in Los Angeles.

The Charles S. Rhyne Award
This award honors a graduate in private practice who has made significant contributions to public service. Named for Charles S. Rhyne ‘37, it is given annually to a graduate whose career as a practicing attorney exemplifies the highest standards of professional ability and personal integrity. This year's recipient was William G. Louis-Dreyfus ‘57, president and CEO of Louis Dreyfus Holding Company Inc., one of the largest trading companies in the world.

The Young Alumni Award
This award is presented annually to honor a graduate from Duke Law School within the last 15 years who has excelled in a professional career and has been dedicated to serving the Law School. This year’s recipient was A. Daniel Scheinman ‘87, senior vice president of corporate development at Cisco Systems, Inc.

The International Alumni Achievement Award
This award is presented annually to honor an international graduate who has given distinguished service to his or her own profession and home country and has maintained strong ties with Duke Law School. This year’s recipient was Hideyuki Sakai ‘82, founder of the Sakai Law Firm in Tokyo.

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Judge Curtis Collier ’74, left, and Wayne Grant ’62 share a laugh.

Mark Weinberger ’92 gets a balloon hat.

Members of the class of 1952 pose with the dean as they celebrate their 5oth reunion. From left: Judge Tom Seay, Judge William J. Rokos, James S. Byrd, Dean Katharine T. Bartlett, Joe W. Gerstein, John R. Boger and Norwood Robinson.

Judge Charles Becton ’69, left, with Courtney Fauntleroy ’01.

From left, Duke University President Nannerl O. Keohane, Colin Brown ’74, Thomas Sear ’72, and Sear’s wife, Mary Kilbourn.

From left: Al Adams ’74, Sarah Adams ’73, Letty Tanchum ’73, and Michael Tanchum ‘72.

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class notes
A.H. (Nick) Gaede Jr. has been elected to serve on the National Board of Directors for the Appleseed Foundation. The Appleseed Foundation is a national, non-profit organization building a just society through legal advocacy, community activism and policy expertise.

Charlie Rose, an Emmy-award winning journalist and host of “The Charlie Rose Show,” delivered the address at Colgate University's 181st commencement on May 19, 2002.

Cary Moomjian has joined ENSCO International Incorporated and will serve as vice president, general counsel and secretary. Ron Reisner was sworn in as a judge of the Superior Court of NJ on Dec. 31, 2001.

Michael Pearlman works on licensing issues at Kodak's headquarters in Rochester, NY. Winston Nagan has been elected a visiting fellow of Brasenose College Oxford 200203. The University of Cape Town, South Africa, elected him to the position of honorary professor.

D. Kerry Crenshaw has been named a fellow of the Center for International Legal Studies in Salzburg, Austria, in recognition of his publications on international joint ventures, and his leadership in the development and organization of the Center's International Business Law Consortium.

James E. Luebchow accepted a nomination to serve on the Duke Law Alumni Association Board of Directors for a threeyear term. Roy Robertson Jr. has joined the law firm of Balch & Bingham in Birmingham, AL as a partner. His practice will focus on energy and utilities.

Eric C. Michaux accepted a nomination to serve on the Duke Law Alumni Association Board of Directors for a three-year term.

E. Duncan Getchell, Jr. was elected to the American Academy of Appellate Lawyers. Membership in the Academy is by invitation only. Ronald Marquette is a special deputy attorney general in Raleigh, NC. Lynn McLain, a law professor at the University of Baltimore, is working with a group of students to change Maryland state law regarding sexual abuse cases involving youths. They have drafted a bill that would bar evidence relating to a victim’s prior sexual activity except under specific circumstances. C. Richard Rayburn, Jr. accepted a nomination to serve on the Duke Law Alumni Association Board of Directors for a threeyear term.

W. Christopher Barrier received the Arkansas Bar Association's Outstanding Lawyer-Humanitarian Award in June at its annual convention. In July, he again topped the Arkansas Times Best Lawyers poll in the real estate category. He writes and illustrates a monthly column on real estate law in the local Daily Record and practices with the Mitchell Williams law firm in Little Rock. Bill Constangy is unopposed in the Republican primary for an open seat in the NC Court of Appeals. He is now serving his fourth term as a district court judge in Charlotte where he practiced law for 18 years prior to becoming a judge. He is also the author of a book on employment law and various legal articles. Bill and his wife, Debbie, have two teenaged children, Billy and Mary.

Linwood Davis ’67, left, chats with Professor Robinson Everett, LLM ’59.

James R. Fox has been selected as a representative on the Council of the NC State Bar. He will serve 2002-03. Jim is a director and attorney in the Winston-Salem, firm of Bell, Davis & Pitt, where he specializes in civil business litigation. He is a former chairman of the State Bar Disciplinary Hearing Commission. Steven Naclerio has joined the Miami, FL office of Shook, Hardy & Bacon L.L.P. to establish its non-litigation practice, as well as to augment its business litigation section.

John B. McLeod was recently elected president of the University of South Caroliniana Society at its annual meeting in Columbia. The Society was founded in 1937 to stimulate and promote the development of USC's South Carolina Collection and presently consists of 2,000 members.



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L. Keith Hughes has joined the London office of LeBoeuf, Lamb, Greene & MacRae, LLP as a partner. He will be practicing in their energy and project finance groups. Robert C. Weber is a partner in the Cleveland office of Jones Day Reavis & Pogue and head of the firm's product liability and regulation practice. The firm's litigation department has been named “Litigation Department of the Year” by The American Lawyer.

Sara S. Beezley was recently installed as president of the Kansas Bar Association. She has been a solo practitioner since 1983. Amy Hogue has been appointed Los Angeles superior court judge by Governor Gray Davis. She is a senior partner, commercial litigator and co-chair of the intellectual property group in the LA office of Pillsbury Winthrop. She is also the president of the Duke Bar Association of Southern California. Denise L. Majette is running for Congress in Georgia's 4th district. Majette has also accepted a nomination to serve on the Duke Law Alumni Association Board of Directors for a three-year term. Hubert Paul van Tuyll is a professor in the department of history and anthropology at Augusta State University in Augusta, GA. His third book, The Netherlands and World War I, was published in the summer of 2001.

Jonathan Claiborne is a partner in the firm Whiteford, Taylor, & Preston, where he concentrates in civil litigation and bankruptcy law. He is also the commentator heard alongside play-by-play radio legend Johnny Holliday, the voice of the Maryland Terrapins. John C. Yates, a senior partner at Morris, Manning & Martin in Atlanta, has been honored by the United Way of Metro-Atlanta, which has created the “John C. Yates Award for Community Leadership.” John received the first award in December for his work cochairing the United Way's Atlanta Technology Initiative for 2001. This award will be presented in future years to the campaign cabinet member who surpasses expectations and inspires others to use their unique gifts in ways that impact the community.


Robert F. Holland has retired after more than 30 years of active service as a U.S. Army officer. Most of his career was spent with the Judge Advocate General's Corps and he has been a military circuit judge for the past 10 years. He plans to teach at South Texas College of Law in Houston. Robert also announces his marriage in April to the former Carol Lindsay of Leavenworth, KS. Carolyn Kuhl, who currently sits on the Superior Court of California, was nominated to the federal judiciary by President Bush.

Bernard “Bernie” Friedman is the special assistant to the Secretary for Loss Prevention and Risk Management, at the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services. Fern Gunn Simeon and Mark Simeon welcomed their first child, daughter Allison, on September 9, 2001. James B. Hawkins has accepted a position in his hometown of Gallatin, TN as attorney for the Legal Aid Society of Middle Tennessee and the Cumberlands, providing legal assistance for the poor, the elderly, and victims of domestic violence.

Charles M. “Charlie” Condon Sr. is running for governor of South Carolina. He has been that state's attorney general since 1994. Susan L. Edelheit accepted a nomination to serve on the Duke Law Alumni Association Board of Directors for a three-year term.
From left: Stanley Star ’61 and John Adams ’62.

Suzanne Melendez and her husband, Dr. John Tymchak, proudly announce the adoption of their son, John Carlos, born on April 22, 2002. Pamela Peters was recently appointed executive director of the Philanthropy and Nonprofit Leadership Center at Rollins College in Winter Park, FL.

Gordon R. Kanofsky has been named executive vice president for Ameristar Casinos. Douglas Lambert and his wife, Lisa, welcomed their first daughter, Priscilla Lee, on October 20, 2001.

William Messer is a partner at Varley & Messer, LLP in Montgomery, AL where he practices personal injury, civil, and constitutional law. Lorrie Shook Berkowitz received her doctorate in clinical psychology in 1998. She works in private practice in Boca Raton, FL where she lives with her three children, and her husband, Lloyd.

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class notes
Michael Petrik, a partner at Alston & Bird in Atlanta, has been elected to the board of Leadership Atlanta and appointed its treasurer. He also serves on the board of the United Way of Metro-Atlanta and chairs the advisory board of 211, Atlanta's three-digit social service hotline. He resides in Peachtree Corners with his wife, Susan, and their two children. John Welch is senior counsel at Chevron Texaco Overseas Petroleum in San Ramon, CA. Susan Wyngaarden has been elected to serve on the policy committee at Varnum, Riddering, Schmidt & Howlett LLP in Grand Rapids, MI. The six-member policy committee is responsible for management oversight, strategic decision-making and leadership in firm-wide policies and procedures. Kip A. Frey has been elected to the Board of Directors of Inspire Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Kip is currently a professor of the practice in entrepreneurial management & law at Duke University with joint appointments in the Fuqua School of Business and Duke Law. William W. Horton has been appointed vice chair of the in-house counsel practice group of the American Health Lawyers Association for 2002-03. In addition, he continues to serve as vice chair of the transactional and business healthcare interest group of the American Bar Association Health Law Section. Dorothy Anne Hurd was featured in Boston Women's Business as one of the “Women to Watch” in 2002. Michael S. Smith has joined the firm of Slawson Cunningham & Whalen, PL of Palm Beach Gardens, FL, as a partner, where he limits his practice to representing individuals and families who have suffered serious personal injury, wrongful death, or have been victimized because of the bad faith practices of insurance companies. Loren Weil and Diane Pinsof Weil welcomed their second child, Emily Hope, on July 9, 2001. Min-Kyo Lee is a partner at IBC Law Group in Seoul, Korea. Stephanie Lucie and her husband announce the birth of their second child, Meredith, born Feb. 12, 2002. Stephanie currently is vice president and associate general counsel of Cirrus Logic in Austin, TX. Gregory Neppl has joined the Washington, DC, office of Milwaukee-based Foley & Lardner as a partner in its regulatory department. He is a former Justice Department trial attorney and a former special assistant U.S. attorney for Washington, DC. Chris Petrini, a partner at Conn Kavanaugh Rosenthal Peisch & Ford LLP in Boston, recently was appointed to a three-year term to serve as town counsel for the Town of Framingham. Framingham is the largest town in the United States with a representative town meeting form of government. Dan Scheinman and his wife, Zoe, announce the birth of their third child and second son, Reid Joseph William. Sherri White Tatum and James Tatum ’89 welcomed a new addition to their family, Trinitee Morgan, on Feb. 6, 2002. Trinitee joins her brother, Tre, and sister, Margaret.

Jeffrey Drew Butt has joined the Tampa office of Squire, Sanders & Dempsey LLP as a partner in the real estate practice. Steven D. Plissey accepted a nomination to serve on the Duke Law Alumni Association Board of Directors for a threeyear term. Judith Sapp joined Pierce Atwood in Portland, ME in January 2002 as a partner.

Michael P. Sampson has relocated to Orlando, FL and has joined Carlton Fields as a shareholder.

Richard Byrne has been promoted to chief of the economic crimes section in the United States Attorneys Office for the Southern District of Florida (Miami). He has also been involved in anti-terrorism activities and he represents his office on the SE Regional Domestic Security Task Force. Jody Kathaleen Debs and her husband, George, announce the birth of a son, Blake Alexander Debs Gigiolio. Blake joins brother, Michael, who is three. Jody is senior counsel at Bechtel, where she practices construction law.

Janet Ward Black has assumed her responsibilities as president of the North Carolina Academy of Trial Lawyers. Janet is a partner at Donaldson & Black in Greensboro, which specializes in women's product liability cases. Nis Jul Clausen has been named a member of the panel of financial services experts, which was recently launched by the European Parliament's Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs. Nis is a professor at the University of Southern Denmark in the Department of Accounting, Finance and Law.

Achamma Sheba Chacko accepted a nomination to serve on the Duke Law Alumni Association Board of Directors for a threeyear term. President George Bush announced his intention to nominate James C. Dever as a U.S. District Court judge for the Eastern District of North Carolina. Dever currently is with the Raleigh firm of Maupin Taylor & Ellis.

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Kodwo Ghartey-Tagoe became chief regulatory counsel for Duke Power, a division of Duke Energy Corporation, effective June 1, 2002. He resides in Charlotte, NC with his wife, Phyllis, and their three daughters. Michael Scharf has joined the faculty of Case Western Reserve University School of Law as a professor of law and director of the University's International War Crimes Research Office. Howard Skaist and his wife, Lisa, announce the birth of their second child, and first son, Jonah Isaac, born on Feb. 16, 2002. His sister, Natalie, recently turned three. Howard is assistant director of patents for Intel, Corp. He was also invited to teach a course on patent cross-licensing at Boalt Hall this fall. Susan Somach is assisting USAID/Moscow with integrating gender concerns across all mission strategic objective areas. Taylor D. Ward accepted a nomination to serve on the Duke Law Alumni Association Board of Directors for a three-year term. Carolyn Zezima is an editor at Brownstone Publishers, Inc., in New York City, where she writes and edits newsletters on various issues in real estate and affordable housing finance.

Marsha Sajer retired from the U.S. Army Judge Advocate General's Corps on September 1, 2001, and joined the Harrisburg, PA office of Kirkpatrick & Lockhart LLP. James Tatum and Sherri White Tatum ’87 welcomed a new addition to their family, Trinitee Morgan, on Feb. 6, 2002. Trinitee joins her brother, Tre, and sister, Margaret. Frank S. Tomkins has become a partner at Gust Rosenfeld in Phoenix, AZ after two years at the firm. He practices in the areas of real estate, title insurance, corporate and commercial law.

Julie Shields has published her first non-fiction book. How To Avoid The Mommy Trap: A Roadmap For Sharing Parenting and Making It Work was published in September. Julie is living in McLean, VA with her husband, Ed Peartree, and their two daughters. Lawrence Silverman was named one of the Miami-Dade County “Pro Bono Lawyers of the Year” for 2001. James Wheeler has been named partner of Powell, Goldstein, Frazer & Murphy LLP in Atlanta. John Wilson is director of Australian operation of PIMCO, an institutional bond firm. He is married to Dara Kretschmer '92 and they have three children.


Darius Amjadi is doing a two-year neuropathology fellowship at the University of California-San Diego. Michael French has joined the Atlanta office of Duane Morris, LLP as a partner, where he continues his practice in complex commercial, intellectual property and class action litigation. He lives in Atlanta with his wife, Lisa, and two children. Michael Kabat has joined the Atlanta office of Duane Morris, LLP as partner, where he practices labor and employment law. He lives in Atlanta with his wife, Nancy MS ’89, and two children. Daniel Kent joined the intellectual property firm of Needle & Rosenberg, PC in Atlanta on March 1, 2002, where he will continue to focus his practice on intellectual property and media litigation. Donald M. Nielsen has joined the law firm of Bell, Davis & Pitt, PA in Winston-Salem, NC. His areas of practice will be environmental law, land use law and local government. Mark Redmiles joined the Department of Justice, Executive Office of the United States Trustees, as a trial attorney in the Office of General Counsel in Washington, DC.

Juan Aleman accepted an offer to join Brown Brothers Harriman in New York City after four-and-a-half years at Citigroup. Dana Lesemann has recently been named counsel to the Joint Inquiry on September 11 Terrorist Attacks, which is being conducted by the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and the House Permanent Subcommittee on Intelligence. Garrett Epps has finished a year of teaching as a visiting professor at Duke Law School. He is returning to his position as associate professor of law at the University of Oregon. A. Laurie Koller recently moved into plaintiff's personal injury litigation from staff counsel at Allstate Insurance. She heads the mass tort department at Carr & Carr. Jeffrey L. Quillen serves as corporate counsel at Bell, Davis & Pitt in Winston-Salem, NC, for emerging biotechnology, software, and information technology companies.

Scott Arenare has been named a managing director at Warburg Pincus, the global private equity investment firm based in New York, where he coordinates the firm's legal activities. He lives in Manhasset, NY with his wife and daughter. Alan Edwards is president of Great Sun Software, Inc., in Bountiful, UT. He has practiced patent law in New York City, reported for the Deseret News in Salt Lake City, and earned a masters in communications degree from Utah State University. He and his wife Angela have three daughters.

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class notes
James Rowe was named an equity partner of Kirkland & Ellis, where he has practiced corporate transactional law, with an emphasis on securities, mergers and acquisitions and leveraged buyouts. Gary Spitko is on the faculty at Santa Clara University School of Law, where he has been granted tenure. He specializes in the areas of wills, trusts, family law and alternative dispute resolution. Gary lives in San Francisco. Reginald F. “Rex” Thors has been named vice president and general counsel at the Waltham, MA headquarters of GoldK, a fullservice retirement company and provider of employer-sponsored online retirement plans. Ralf Weisser is an equity partner of McDermott, Will & Emery. Together with BBLP Partners, they opened their first office in Munich, Germany. Michael D. Smith has returned to private practice with Bricker & Eckler LLP in Columbus, OH. His practice will focus on transactions involving the purchase and sale of energy and related products in restructuring markets. Don Willet was recently appointed deputy assistant attorney general in the Office of Legal Policy at the U.S. Department of Justice by President Bush. Before that, he served in the White House as special assistant to the president. Don's wife, Tiffany, was named, by President Bush, as education director for the President's Commission on White House Fellowships. Raphael Winick is senior counsel at ABC Television in New York, where he is responsible for business and legal affairs for ABC Sports. Angela B. Klingmuller has been named partner at Arnecke Siebold in Frankfurt, Germany. Christine Monterosso and Marc De Leeuw were married on Jan. 19, 2002. She is an associate at Parcher, Hayes & Snyder in New York. Rebecca A.D. Nelson is a member of the antitrust/U.S. trade practice at Bryan Cave LLP. Kresimir Pirsl returned to the Embassy of the Republic of Croatia in the U.S. in June 2001, this time as minister plenipotentiary and deputy chief of mission. Lee B. Rauch has been named partner at Tydings & Rosenberg LLP in Baltimore. He practices civil litigation involving warranty defense, product liability and medical malpractice. John Renneisen was elected counsel for Dewey Ballatine LLP, Washington, DC, where he practices in the firm's environmental group. Atsushi Shimizu moved to New York from Tokyo in August 2001. He is the vice president of the Industrial Bank of Japan, Ltd. Alexander Simpson and his wife Lisa Toth Simpson ’94 announce the birth of their first child, Shae Kimberly, born on July 26, 2001. Michael Taten was elected partner in the corporate section at Jackson Walker, LLP based in Dallas, TX, in January 2000. In October 2001, he spoke at SMU Law School Corporate Counsel Symposium. In November 2001, he was co-chair of the CLE International Choice of Entity Seminar held in Dallas. Michael and his wife also welcomed their first child, Matthew, on December 3, 2001. Jay Volk and his wife, Anne, announce the birth of their son, Windsor Russell Thomas, on Jan. 17, 2002. Jay is a shareholder at McDonald Hopkins in Cleveland, OH.

Roxanne Cenatempo has been promoted to chief intellectual property counsel for Imerys Pigments Inc., located in Roswell, GA. John Folmar has begun his studies at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. Brett Heavner is a partner with Finnegan, Henderson, Farabow, Garrett in Washington, DC. Dara Kretschmer is married to John Wilson '90. They have three children. After working several years in investment management, Dara has started a photography company. Amy Meyers Batten is a partner in the securities and growth company of Smith, Anderson, Blount, Dorsett, Mitchell, & Jernigan, LLP in Raleigh, NC. She is married to David Batten. John Nachmann works at The NASDAQ Stock Market in Washington, DC.

Phillip Cooper and Karen Bernstein T ’93 were married on Oct. 6, 2001, in Memphis, TN. The couple resides in Atlanta. Tara Corvo and her husband, Rob Haynos, announce the birth of their second child, Niamh Marie, born March 26, 2002. She joins big brother, Robby, 2. Fritz Duda, Jr. and his wife Elise are the proud parents of a little girl, born January 24, 2002. Marc Elias and Brenley Locke Elias announce the birth of their second child and first daughter, Lauren Elisabeth, born September 20, 2001. Sara Emley and her husband John Stanley had twin boys, Frederick and Joseph, on October 25, 2001. Patrick Frye has been named a partner in the Denver, CO law office of Lindquist & Vennum PLLP.



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Theodore (Ted) Edwards II and his wife, Tiffany, announce the birth of their son, Tanner Jacob Edwards, on March 15, 2002. Ted was also named a partner at Kilpatrick Stockton LLP in Raleigh, NC in January 2002. Richard (Tad) Ferris Jr. and Junko Funahashi announce the birth of their son, Richard Kazuyoshi (Kazu) Ferris, on Aug. 19, 2001. Tad was elected partner at Beveridge & Diamond in January 2002 where he spends most of his time in the DC area and in the People's Republic of China. His most recent publications include “The Challenge of Reforming an Environmental Legal Culture: Assessing the Status Quo and Looking at Post-WTO Admission Challenges for the People’s Republic of China,” in the Georgetown International Environmental Law Review (2002), co-authored with Dr. Hongjun Zhang. Lawrence Fox was recently married. He and Beth reside in Portland, OR where Lawrence began a new job working for Intel in their new business incubator. Robert Garda is joining the faculty at Loyola University in New Orleans where he will teach torts and environmental law. Paul Genender has been elected partner at Strasburger & Price, LLP in Dallas. Pablo Iacobelli has been elected partner of Carey y Cia, in Santiago, Chile. W. H. (Kip) Johnson was named a partner at Womble Carlyle Sandridge & Rice in January 2002. His practice in their Research Triangle Park office focuses on venture capital and start-up financing transactions for information technology and software firms. Kevin Korengold has joined Dalkia, a French energy services company, as international counsel in September 2001. Kevin and his wife, Catherine, also welcomed their first child, a boy, Cameron, on Feb. 23, 2001.

Deborah Kuhn is a senior attorney with WorldCom, Inc. in Chicago. Douglas Neu married Julie Brown on May 4, 2002 in Lincoln, VA. In January 2002, Doug joined Edwards & Angell, LLP in Providence, where he continues to practice employment law by almost exclusively advising one client, FleetBoston Financial Corporation. Jason New and his wife, Jennifer McCracken New, announce the birth of their first child, Bailes Emma, born on Sept. 15, 2001. The News live in New York City. Jennifer practices trusts and estates law at Winston & Strawn. Jason is a vice president in the Investment Banking Department of Credit Suisse First Boston. Rick Oelhafen was elected partner at Alston & Bird LLP effective January 2002. He is currently practicing in the areas of mergers and acquisitions and corporate finance in the Charlotte office.

Laurie Sanders and Steve Raschke announce the birth of their daughter, Nicole, on December 1, 2001. Jean-Luc Schuermans, a partner with Schuermans & Schuermans was appointed by the Minister of Justice as auxiliary judge in the Turnhout Commercial Court in 2000. Jean-Luc married Benedicte De Stoop in 2000. Joelle Cooperman Sharman and her husband Paul announce the birth of their second daughter, Lindsay, born January 19, 2002 in Boca Raton, FL. Big sister Gabrielle is 2. Lisa Toth Simpson and Alexander Simpson ‘93 announce the birth of their first child, Shae Kimberly, born on July 26, 2001. Allison Goldberg Vrolijk and her husband Coen announce the birth of their son, Robert Joseph Vrolijk, on Feb. 10, 2002. E. Tyler Smith has been named a shareholder at Haynsworth Sinkler Boyd, PA in Greenville, SC. Martha Wach was married to Jonathan Dunfee in Dallas on April 20, 2002. She is an associate at Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue in Dallas. Roburt Waldow was promoted to partner at Brobeck, Phleger & Harrison in Palo Alto, CA. Megan Whitten Donovan married Kyle Donovan on Nov. 10, 2001 in Dallas. Classmate Carol William Lally was a bridesmaid. Megan is corporate counsel for Alcatel U.S.A., and her practice is focused in labor, employment, and employee benefits law.


From left: Maria de los Angeles Ingunza with her baby, Diego, and husband, Matias Sanhueza LLM ’01 and Consuelo Raby LLM ’02.

Katherine (Kadi) Miller Ringness recently moved to San Francisco after living in London for almost seven years. She is now temporarily a stay at home mom. Adam Safwat is enrolled in the American University's intensive Arabic courses in Cairo, Egypt. He expects to stay for six months to one year.

Stephanie Bohm and David M. Aferiat were married in November 2001. Stephanie is corporate counsel for The Home Depot company in Atlanta, GA.
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class notes
Marc Eumann was married to Gabriela Stukenborg on May 25, 2002, in Beckum, Germany. He continues his work as a judge on the District Court at Bonn in an economics crime panel of three judges. Sharan L. Goolsby is a litigation associate in the Dallas office of Weil, Gotshal & Manges. Her practice encompasses litigation and arbitration nationally as well as representation of international clients. Kirsten Harbers and Joshua Kreinberg ’96 announce the birth of their son, Jason Adam Kreinberg, born on June 20, 2002. They reside in Paris, where Kirsten is working for Penal Reform International and Josh is working for Gibson Dunn & Crutcher. Sonja L. Henning has joined the Portland, OR firm of Tonkon Torp LLP as an associate. Sonja is still a member of the Seattle Storm in the WNBA. She is also currently serving as president of the Women’s National Basketball Association. David Levine has been appointed president of Wolf Management & Leasing LLC and was elected to partner at Davis & Partners, LLC. Barbara Nowotsch Leier and her husband, Klaus-Peter, announce the birth of their second child, Friederike Anna Elisabeth, on January 20, 2002. Barbara will be on maternity leave from the German Federal Ministry of Justice until October 2002. Paul Levinsohn is chief counsel for Governor McGreevey of New Jersey. Michelle Dye Neumann has joined the practice of Weinhaus, Dobson, Goldberg & Moreland in St. Louis, MO. She continues to represent employees in the areas of employment law, employment discrimination, civil rights and personal injury. Anne Wilhoit Sherley and Frederick (Rick) H. Sherley announce the birth of their son, John Trayton Sherley, in February 2002.
From left: John “Buddy” Wester ’72, David Ward ’62 and Joe McManus ’72.

T. Edward Smith has joined the Los Angeles office of Greines, Martin, Stein & Richland. He previously was with Crosby, Heafey, Roach & May. Kotaro Tamura was named chief executive officer and president of the Osaka Daily News in Osaka, Japan. He is also teaching constitutional politics at Keio University Graduate School of Law & Political Science.

Joshua Kreinberg and Kirsten Harbers '95 announce the birth of their son, Jason Adam Kreinberg, born on June 20, 2002. They reside in Paris, where Josh works for Gibson Dunn & Crutcher and Kirsten works for Penal Reform International. Bradford Lenox is an associate at Alston & Bird LLP in Raleigh, NC. He practices securities, acquisitions, and intellectual property. Christopher L.R. McKenzie is studying for his PhD in sports law at Queensland University of Technology in Australia. He also runs his own sports management company, Ey Proprietary Limited Sports Management. An athlete in his own right, Christopher represented Australia in the London Triathlon in August 2001. Chiyong Rim was moved from the Daejon District Court to the Western Branch of Seoul District Court.

Jason Mark Anderman is an associate at Goodwin Procter LLP in Roseland, NJ. Jessica Carey married Jason Graham on October 28, 2001. Teri Dobbins has joined the faculty at the St. Louis University School of Law where she will teach contract law. Maggie Hughey AbuHaidar married Nadim AbuHaidar on Sept. 22, 2001, in Park City, UT. Rony Jara and his wife, Maria Ines Verdugo, announce the birth of their daughter, María Emilia Jara Verdugo, on May 6, 2002. Arne Cornelius Kluewer received his doctorate degree from the Christian-Albrecht University of Kiel in Germany. He practices law with Clifford Chance Puender in Frankfurt, Germany.

Eric Berry has joined Husch & Eppenberger, LLC in St. Louis, MO as an associate in the environmental and regulatory practice group. He represents clients in numerous areas of environmental law, including transactional matters and compliance counseling. Juan Carlos Campos is president of Campos Computer Consulting Services, Inc. in Miami, FL. Marc D. Fitoussi was named managing director in charge of the Broadband & Multimedia Department at Fantine Group. Omar I. Houri established his own law firm, Houri & Ghalayini, in Beirut, which advises clients on commercial and civil matters in Lebanon. He also is completing his PhD at the University of Munich in Germany.



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Martine Schipper is returning to Amsterdam after working for her firm, TMP Worldwide, for two years in London. She will continue to recruit in-house lawyers for the Dutch market. Rochael Soper left the practice of law to start her own film production company in November 2001. Blueize Entertainment, LLC is located in Palo Alto, CA.

Jaime J. Pereyra Iraola accepted a position as senior counsel at Philip Morris International-Law Department Latin America-Southern Cone in Buenos Ares, Argentina. He and his wife also had their third child. Michael D. Layish has joined the law firm of Bricker & Eckler LLP in Columbus, OH as an attorney in the education department. Previously, Michael was the assistant director of student activities for leadership at Denison University. Jessica Pfeiffer started as associate counsel at Harley-Davidson Financial Services, Inc. She is responsible for legal matters for the wholesale and international finance business. Heather Reed and her husband, Sven Bioren, have returned to their hometown, Seattle, WA. She is an associate at Gordon Murray Tilden, a trial practice firm. Thorsten Schmidt transferred to the New York office of Fulbright & Jaworski LLP. Ken Schwartz is an associate at Hunter, Maclean, Exley & Dunn in Savannah, GA, practicing corporate and health care law. His first child, Abbie, was born Oct. 11, 2001. Bobby Sharma has been named director of legal & business affairs for the National Basketball Development League, the NBA's minor league. Tricia Valles is working at the firm of Hahn, Morgan, & Lamb, PA in Tampa, FL, specializing in medical malpractice and personal injury law. Tricia is also the firm's appellate attorney. Jesus Villa was recently elected president of the Board of Directors for the Benedict Center, a Milwaukee nonprofit that works with victims, offenders, and the community to achieve a system of criminal justice that is fair and treats everyone with dignity. He continues his legal practice at Michael Best & Friedrich LLP.

Darren Wallis joined (in an investing capacity) Cross Atlantic Capital Partners, a venture capital firm located in Villanova, PA, focusing on early stage investments in information technology.

Taylor Mead Albright and Victor Bongard III opened the second office of Albright & Bongard, PLC in Christiansburg, VA in August 2001. The couple also welcomed their third child, Griffin Albright Bongard on Feb. 8, 2002. He joins his sister, Victoria, and brother, William. Ainagul Alimanova works at Dewey Ballantine in New York. Brandon R. Blevans is now associated with Rybicki & Blevans located in Santa Rosa, CA. His practice focuses on national management-side labor and employment law. Douglas Blews has been working as a staff attorney at the Supreme Court of Georgia since July 1999. He celebrated a commitment ceremony with life partner Edward Gaulrapp in June 2001. Jay C. Campbell and Stacey M. Nahrwold were married on May 18, 2002 in Arlington, VA. Sean Condron is a captain in the U.S. Army. William Davis wed Dawn Robertson on Dec. 8, 2001. Jacqueline Hackett has left Sullivan & Cromwell to accept a teaching position at the University of South Carolina Law School.

Kevin Zolot married Miranda Mitchell in December 2001. After a year sabbatical from the legal world, in September Kevin will be working as an assistant United States attorney in the criminal division of the U.S. Attorney's Offices for the Western District of Louisiana. Miranda is the director of the career services office at Duke Law School, though she also will relocate to Louisiana at the end of the year.

Erika Fedge married Chad Burkhardt in Estes Park, CO on May 5, 2001. Jenny Sullivan ‘99 was bridesmaid and Jason Ullner ‘99 and Jason Webber ‘99 were ushers. Chad and Erika are both associates at Baker Botts LLP in Dallas. Brandon C. Fernald has joined the litigation department of Kennedy Covington Lobdell & Hickman as an associate. He works in the firm's Charlotte, NC office. Felicia Gross has announced her candidacy for the U.S. House of Representatives against incumbent Rep. Felix Grucci (R-N.Y.) in the New York’s First Congressional District, which is comprised of the seven townships of Eastern Long Island. Carsten Herresthal is a full-time assistant at the University of Munich in Germany and is writing his doctoral thesis. Chris Holland has transferred from Clifford Chance's Hong Kong office to the Singapore office. Masaki Kanehyo left Nagashima Ohno & Tsunematsu in November 2001, and joined GE Capital, Real Estate as general counsel for the Asia/Pacific region.

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class notes
Thomas Loeser left Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati to join the U.S. Attorneys Office of the Central District of California in May. Evan Morrison works at Ray Quinney & Nebeker in Salt Lake City, UT, where he practices corporate, real estate, and transactional law. B.J. Priester accepted an offer of a tenuretrack position as assistant professor at Florida State University College of Law beginning with the 2002-03 academic year. Eric Ritvo is a corporate associate at Hutchins, Wheeler & Dittmar in Boston. However, the news he wants to share with his classmates is that he has been named one of Boston's Most Wanted Singles in the 40th Anniversary issue of Boston Magazine (June 2002). Jennifer Rogers married Timothy Jones ‘00 on June 8, 2002 in Doylestown, PA. Holly Rogers ‘02 was maid of honor, Julie Chambers ‘00 was a bridesmaid and Geoff Weber ‘00 and T. Kevin Marr ‘00 were groomsmen. James Sammataro has joined the Miami office of Akerman Senterfitt as an associate in their litigation department. His practice is focused in the area of general commercial litigation. Jennifer Sullivan recently joined the business litigation group in the Boulder, Colorado office of Faegre & Benson LLP. Brian Szymczak is an associate at Baker Botts in Austin, TX. Robert Westover works at Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati PC in Palo Alto, CA. Lisa Wright has started her own law firm in Atlanta, GA, to practice tax law. Michael Zaino is an attorney with Weil, Gotshal & Manges in New York City.

James H. Bingham married Debra Batten on April 27, 2002 in Garner, NC. The couple resides in Charlotte, where both are associates Robinson, Bradshaw & Hinson. Kevin M. Cuddy and Denali A. Kemppel ’02 were married Sept. 1, 2002 in Boothbay Harbor, ME. Both Kevin and Denali are associates at Ropes & Gray in Boston. José Ignacio Diaz and his wife, Bernardita, had their third child in January, a daughter they named María Trinidad. José is working in the mergers and acquisitions department at Philippi, Yrarrazaval, Pulido & Brunner in Santiago, Chile. He is also teaching economic laws and corporations at the University de Los Andes. An Hertogen is an associate in the EU department of Linklaters & Alliance in Brussels. Timothy Jones married Jennifer Rogers ‘99 on June 8, 2002 in Doylestown, PA. Geoff Weber ‘00 and T. Kevin Marr ‘00 were groomsmen, Holly Rogers ‘02 was maid of honor and Julie Chambers ‘00 was a bridesmaid. Hirofumi Konya works at Kansai Electric Power Company in Osaka, Japan. Alison Krouse was married to Gianluca Morello on Cape Cod on July 27, 2002. Melissa Marler recently completed a clerkship with The Honorable Susan H. Black of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit and joined Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen & Hamilton in New York as an associate. Happy Masondo is in the Johannesburg office of White & Case LLP. After completing a judicial clerkship on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit, Connie Neigel has joined Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering.

Julie Niemeier completed her clerkship with The Honorable Eugene Sullivan on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces in September 2001. In October 2001, she began a clerkship with The Honorable William Osteen in Greensboro, in the U.S. District Court for the middle district of NC. This fall she plans to become an attorney with the U.S. Navy’s Judge Advocate General Corps. Ignacio Pallares has been appointed as legal advisor of the Barcelona Stock Exchange. He also continues working as an associate in the mergers and acquisitions group at Cuatrecasas Abogados in Barcelona. Brian See married the former Jennifer Anne Morris in August 2000. Brian is an associate in the litigation group at Squire, Sanders & Dempsey in Columbus, OH. Keron Smith is contracts negotiator with Otis Elevator Company. Frances P. Turner has joined the law firm of Smith Helms Mulliss & Moore in their Greensboro office where she expects to divide her time equally between civil and criminal work. She has been approved to be appointed in indigent federal criminal cases in the Middle District of North Carolina. Barry Uhrman is a featured columnist for “Full Court Press” and “ACC Today” cover, ing women's college basketball and the WNBA. Uhrman, who is also an associate with Porter Wright in Columbus, OH, recently completed interviews with four high profile women's college coaches, including Duke's Gail Goestenkors. James Vaughan has joined Moore & Van Allen PLLC as an associate of the firm in its Durham office, concentrating his practice in the area of intellectual property. Isha Rauchle Youhas is married to Andrew M. Youhas, and is now an associate at Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering in Washington, DC.



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Kamla Alexander joined Troutman Sanders LLP in their Atlanta office as an associate. She practices complex litigation and intellectual property litigation. Juan Barreto is in-house counsel for DIRECTV, Argentina. Collin J. Cox has been awarded a Temple Bar Scholarship from the American Inns of Court and will spend September and October in England “shadowing” two English barristers and a High Court Justice, whom he will serve as a marshal. Collin has been law clerk for the past year for The Honorable Anthony J. Scirica of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. Roberto Durrieu is practicing law with Estudio Durrieu, of Buenos Aires, Argentina, which specializes in criminal law and whitecollar crime. Adam Ford and his wife, Shaleen, announce the birth of their fourth child and first son, Willard Washington Ford. Christin Forstinger finished his doctoral studies (comparable to SJD) at the University of Linz, Austria, including research at Harvard Law School in the summer and fall of 2001. He is an associate at Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer in Vienna, Austria. Ana Henriquez and her husband, Gaston Echeverria, announce the birth of their son, Alejandro Echeverria, born on July 22, 2002. Michael Hostetler has joined the firm Brobeck, Phleger & Harrison as a member of the firm's intellectual property group. Ayumu Iijima has joined the Japan Patent Office as counsel in legislative service. He will work on Japanese IP law reform. Sarah E. Gohl Isabel was selected to receive a Burton Award for Legal Achievement, which honors legal professionals and law students for excellent legal writing.

Rawn M. James, Jr. married Maureen B. Kelley ‘02 in August 2002. Randy Katz has completed a clerkship with The Honorable Gerald Bard Tjoflat ’57 and will be a litigation associate at Ropes & Gray in Boston, MA. Tracey Moriarty is an associate in the technology group of Shaw Pittman LLP in New York City. Pirouzan Parvine is a lawyer with Herbert Smith in Paris, France. He specializes in natural resources and energy. Ewan Rose is an associate at Miller Nash LLP, Portland, OR in the business department. Antony Sanacory is an associate at Jones Day Reavis & Pogue in Atlanta, GA. Carmen Sfeir is working at Prieto y Cia Santiago, Chile.

Maureen B. Kelley married Rawn M. James Jr. ’01 in August 2002. Denali A. Kemppel and Kevin M. Cuddy ’00 were married Sept. 1 in Boothbay Harbor, Maine. Both Kevin and Denali are associates at Ropes & Gray in Boston. Patricia Schatzlein married Andrew Smock on May 18, 2002 in Indianapolis. She has joined the firm of Ropes & Gray in Boston as an associate.


From left: Dan Almaguer ’97, Judge Gerald Tjoflat ’57 and Faith Kasparian ’97.

William Terpening joined Alston & Bird in Atlanta in August 2002 as an associate in the securities litigation group after completing a clerkship with The Honorable Graham C. Mullen ’69, United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina.

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commencement 2002
Commencement 2002 was surrounded by a weekend of activities to celebrate the graduating JD and LLM classes and bring their families together within the Law School community. The graduates included 215 JDs, 73 LLMs and one SJD. Many gathered on May 9 with faculty and administrators at the Durham Marriott for the first Graduation Gala, organized by the offices of External Relations and Student Affairs with input from the student Graduation Committee. Moments after Dean Katharine Bartlett offered her DukeUNC men’s basketball tickets as a raffle prize for Class of 2002 donors, Class Gift Committee members Mary Beth Steele, Susan Wood and Sebastian Kielmanovich presented Dean Bartlett with the largest graduating class gift in history, $28,797. Pam Mallari was the lucky winner of the basketball tickets. Later, a tribute to retiring Associate Dean for Student Affairs Liz Gustafson ’86 was followed by the presentation of the first Justin Miller Awards for Citizenship (awarded to Corey Ciochetti), Intellectual Curiosity (Dan Foster), Integrity (Carl Carl), and Leadership (Marcella Harshbarger). Fellow students nominated the winners of the awards, which are named for former Law School Dean Justin Miller. Another new event, a bluegrass barbecue on May 10, provided a casual environment for families to enjoy springtime in the Sarah P. Duke Gardens, after which many graduating JDs and their families headed downtown to the Durham Bulls Athletic Park for a Bulls game, while LLM students concluded the end of their year at Duke Law with an international graduates banquet on the Alumnae Courtyard. Chris Evans, JD, and Tatsuhiko Kamiyama, LLM, were the student speakers at the hooding ceremony May 11 in Cameron Indoor Stadium, offering a mix of ambitions, memories and warm wishes for their classmates. Incoming ABA President A.P. Carlton and Peter Kahn ’76, chair of the Law School Board of Visitors, spoke of commitment to the profession of law and to Duke Law itself. After the ceremony, graduates and their families gathered at the Law School for a final reception on the lawn, bidding farewell to their professors and friends until their next meeting.

top left: Jennifer Tomsen secures Amy Rosensweig’s cap as Wendy Reese looks on. top right: Marlon Moffett, Kisa Mlela and Monty Garside smile into the late afternoon sun outside Cameron. bottom: Graduating LLM students gather outside Cameron Indoor Stadium before the hooding ceremony.



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in memoriam

Eugene Desvernine, 86, died May 11, 2002, in Richmond, VA. Born Nov. 15, 1915, in New York, he grew up and was educated in Havana, Cuba. He returned to Cuba after graduating from Duke Law and practiced there until the early 1960s. He then joined Reynolds Metals and became vice president and general counsel for Reynolds Aluminum International until his retirement in 1982. He is survived by his son, Eugene M. Desvernine and his wife, Linda; two granddaughters, Sara Desvernine and Amy Choate and her husband, Timothy; one great-grandson, Hayden Choate; a nephew, Eugene Demestre; and a niece, Sylvia Maria Cheever. is survived by his wife of 59 years, Virginia Ruth Stoner of Chambersburg, PA, now Greensboro, one son, Eugene A. Gordon Jr. (Andy) of Atlanta, GA.; one daughter, Rosemary G. Foster of Greensboro; one granddaughter, Caitlin Foster, also of Greensboro; and brothers, Howard S. Gordon of Greensboro, Lawrence G. Gordon of Winston-Salem and Ottis L. Gordon of Brown Summit.

Walter H. Mason, Jr., 89, died May 31, 2002, in Raleigh, NC. Born January 1, 1913 in Saint Paul, MN, Mr. Mason received an AB in economics from Duke University in 1939. He worked as an insurance executive for several insurance companies and retired from Great American Insurance Company. He was active in numerous civic and community organizations. He became a charter member of the North Raleigh Exchange Club in 1966 where he was instrumental in arranging various fund raisers. He was presented a life membership in the National Exchange Club and was awarded the “The Order of the Long Leaf Pine” for distinguished service by the governor. Twice he had the honor of being named “The Man of the Year.” Other community service activities include serving on the Board of the Boy Scouts of America. The Red Cross also awarded him for 50 years of volunteer service for his work in aquatics, first aid and World War II. He was an ARC water safety instructor and worked with multiple sclerosis patients for which he was recognized by the Multiple Sclerosis Society. Mr. Mason was predeceased by his wife of more than 50 years, Wylanta R. Mason, with whom he operated a nationally known children’s camp in Pennsylvania. Survivors include a daughter, Wylanta J. Mason of Raleigh; son, M. Dan Mason of Meadville, PA; brother, Frank H. Mason and his wife, Anne of New York City; five grandchildren; two great grandchildren.

Robert P. King, 81, died July 6, 2001, in Steubenville, OH. Born April 15, 1920, Mr. King graduated from Steubenville High School. He served his country as an officer in the South Pacific during World War II and, after graduating from Duke Law School, served with the Navy Judge Advocate General during the Korean War. After retiring from the Navy, Mr. King returned home to practice law and was a partner at Kinsey, Allebaugh and King. In addition to his professional reputation, Mr. King was respected because of his service to the community. He was a longtime member and president of the Steubenville City Board of Education where he affected change in the education of the youth of Steubenville. In addition to the Board of Education, Mr. King also served on the Board of Trustees of his alma mater, Muskingum College, president of the Steubenville YMCA, and as director of the board of advisors of the West Liberty State University. Mr. King is survived by his wife, Margaret P. King and their daughter, Kathryn K. Szczerbicki.

The Honorable Eugene A. Gordon, 84, died May 4, 2002, in Greensboro, NC. Born July 10, 1917, in Guilford County, NC, Judge Gordon received his AB from Elon College and his LLB from Duke one week apart. He served during World War II as a captain in the U.S. Army Field Artillery from 1942-46 and was awarded the Purple Heart and Bronze Star. He was a member of the law firm, Young, Young & Gordon, in Burlington from 1946-64, served as the solicitor of the general county court of Alamance County from 1947-54 and county attorney of Alamance County from 1954-64. He was appointed by President Lyndon Johnson as U.S. District Court Judge for the Middle District of NC on June 9, 1964. He served as chief judge from 1971-82, at which date he took senior status. Judge Gordon also served as a member of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Criminal Rules by appointment of the Chief Justice of the United States for nine years. Judge Gordon

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in memoriam

Henry L. Max, 88, died February 15, 2002 at home in Huntington, WV. Born September 12, 1913, in Logan County, WV, Mr. Max graduated from Marshall College in 1937. He served in the United States Army during World War II and received an honorable discharge in 1947. He was a partner at Flynn Max Toney & Miller. Survivors include one daughter, Sylvia Max Brammer and her husband Bob of Montgomery, TX. John W. Wellman, 76, died February 21, 2002, while on vacation with his wife, Donna, in Antigua, West Indies. Born April 4, 1925, in Pilot Mountain, NC, the youngest son of a Methodist minister, Mr. Wellman was educated in grammar and high schools in North Carolina. He served in the Navy during World War II and was honorably discharged in 1946. Mr. Wellman received an AB from Duke University, where he met his wife, Donna Mae Todd. Upon graduation from Duke Law School, he joined the law firm of Chadwick, Curran, Petrikin and Smithers in Chester. Mr. Wellman was also an active member of his community. He served as past president and a board member of the Chester Boys Club, a board member of the Lindsay Law Library, chairman and board member of the American Red Cross, member of the board of directors of the Chester Rotary Club, secretary of the Delaware County Bar Association, and editor of the Delaware County Legal Journal. Mr. Wellman is survived by his wife, Donna Mae Wellman; sons, John W. “Jack” Wellman Jr., Charles H. Wellman; daughter, Dixie Wellman Savino and two grandchildren.

Sanford I. Halberstadter, 71, died March 9, 2002, at the Columbia University Medical Center. Born February 11, 1931, Mr. Halberstadter attended Rutgers University before receiving an LLB from Duke in 1955. After working for various law firms, he opened his own law office in Linden, NJ where he continued to work until his retirement. Mr. Halberstadter is survived by his wife, Barbara, and their two children, Jo Ann and David Halberstadter.

Keith A. Hunsaker, Jr., 52, died January 14, 2002, in Phoenix, AZ. Born Sept. 25, 1949, Mr. Hunsaker graduated from the University of California in 1971. He was a partner at Seyfarth, Shaw, Fairweather & Geraldson in Los Angeles and in 1994 began teaching at the University of Arizona College of Law. Mr. Hunsaker leaves no survivors.

Professor Gerald R. Gibbons, 70, died May 11, 2002, at home in Cottondale, AL. Born August 27, 1931, in Waukegan, IL, Professor Gibbons earned three degrees from Duke University: the AB in history in 1954; the LLB in 1956; and the LLM in 1960. He later attended Columbia University as the Ford Foundation Fellow and was awarded the JSD. Professor Gibbons taught for a total of 38 years at Duke University and at the law schools at Mercer, Cincinnati, RutgersCamden, and finally at the University of Alabama. His portrait hangs in the hall of the law school at Alabama as a tribute to his 25 years of teaching. Professor Gibbons is survived by his wife, Betty Hoffman Gibbons; two children, and four grandchildren.



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selected fall events
September 10, 2002
First Annual Herbert L. Bernstein Memorial Lecture, given by Prof. Dr. Hein Kötz, Bucerius Law School, Germany

October 22, 2002
Great Lives in the Law lecture, by noted civil rights lawyer Julius Chambers

October 28-Nov. 1, 2002 September 27-28, 2002
Duke Center for Genome Ethics, Law and Policy Conference on Commercialization of the Human Genome (for information Second Annual International Week

November 7, 2002
Annual Brainerd Currie Memorial Lecture given by Professor Janet Halley, Harvard Law School

October 4-5, 2002
Roscoe Pound Foundation Conference The Coming Crisis in Mandatory Arbitration: New Perspectives and Possibilities

November 18-19, 2002
Lectures and classes taught by the Honorable Anthony Kennedy, Associate Justice of the United States

October 11-12, 2002
Duke Law Leadership Weekend (Board of Visitors, Law Alumni Association Board of Directors, Future Forum)

November 29-21, 2002
Duke Environmental Leadership Forum Dealing with Disasters: Prediction, Prevention and Response

October 21-23, 2002
Directors’ Education Institute sponsored by the Global Capital Markets Center (for information

December 13-14, 2002
Program in Public Law Conference The Constitution and Other Legal Systems: Are There Progressive and Conservative Versions?

Duke Law Magazine Duke University School of Law Box 90389 Durham, NC 27708-0389








Duke Law Meets Campaign Goal

with Rufty Gift
With a $1.4 million gift this summer from Longtime supporters of the Law School Frances F. Rufty ’45 the Law School officially and Law Library, both Mr. and Mrs. Rufty exceeded its fund-raising goal of $55 million, were prominent North Carolina attorneys part of the University’s overall $2 billion prior to relocating to Nevada in the 1980s. campaign. Campaign leaders attribute this Frances Rufty worked in the Duke Law success to strong relationships with alumni Library as a student and again upon returnand friends of the Law School, who contining from her first job in Washington followued to give generously despite an increasingly ing graduation from the Law School. uncertain economy. “Duke Law School is enormously grateGifts from the Campaign already are ful to Mrs. Rufty for this magnanimous gift, working to strengthen Duke Law School by which reflects her recognition of the library supporting endowed professorships, student as central to the Law School's teaching and scholarships, faculty research, academic scholarship mission,” said Dean Katharine programs and other projects. Bartlett. “I know that her gift also was “It’s fantastic that we’ve reached this intended to demonstrate confidence in the goal,” said Jeff Hughes ’65, chair of the Law quality of the present leadership of our library School’s fund-raising Campaign Committee. and technology functions, and I credit the “We are very pleased at the breadth of the work of Senior Associate Dean Richard A. commitment.” Danner in buildMrs. Rufty’s ing the kind of gift will establish excellence that a the Frances F. donor would and Archibald C. want to support.” Rufty Jr. Law Hughes makes Library and the point that Information raising $55 milTechnology lion, though a Professorship, an great accomplishendowed profesment, will carry sorship in the the Law School Law Library that only so far toward Frank Hunger ‘65 left, Bill Stevens ‘70 and his wife, will support its goals. Through Victoria Stevens, celebrate at the 2002 Alumni Weekend. Bill Stevens is Duke Law’s Barrister Society Chair. teaching a strategic planand research. ning process prior

Frances F. Rufty ’45, third from left, at a reception in 1997 to commemorate the acquisition of the 500,000th volume by the Law School library. Also pictured, from left, are Richard Danner, senior associate dean for information technology; Frances R. Parkton, Frances Rufty’s daughter; and Pamela B. Gann ’73, who was dean of the Law School at the time.

to the Campaign and an update to the plan mid-Campaign, critical needs were identified and prioritized at the Law School, including additional support for faculty, student financial aid and program development. Since then, there also is a growing awareness of the need for enhanced facilities. “We’ve just begun to fight,” he said. “It’s like a double header: We’ve won the first game, and now we’ve got to go out and win the second one.”

Duke Law School Campaign Committee
Jeffrey P. Hughes ’65, chair Carl E. Bolch Jr. ’67 Fritz Duda Jr. ’93 Professor Robinson O. Everett LLM ’59 Mark A. Fishman ’78 Abigail Reardon Gosnell ’81 Lorraine B. Hawkins ’48 Lee H. Henkel Jr. L’52 T’49 Richard A. Horvitz ‘78 David W. Ichel L’78 T’75 George R. Krouse Jr. ’70 Lanty L. Smith ’67 Stanley A. Star ’61 Neil Williams Jr. L’61 T’58 Honorary Marcella E. Poe P’67





FALL 2002

Thank You
Dear Donor: Undaunted. Undaunted is the word to describe the loyal supporters of Duke Law School. In a year when all of you felt the horror of the attack on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, experienced less convenient and more stressful travel, and saw the value of financial assets diminish; the importance of your Duke legal education and the work of Duke Law School remained among your highest priorities. Grateful. Grateful expresses the feeling of the students, faculty, staff and administration at Duke Law School. The financial support of the individuals and organizations recognized in this portion of the Duke Law Magazine enables the School to excel in the arena of legal education where expectations are high and quality is paramount. Total gifts and pledges to Duke Law School during fiscal year 2002 (July 1, 2001 - June 30, 2002) amounted to $13,738,000. This is second only to FY99 when the record was set at $14,565,000. While these numbers set a new standard in the level of support for the faculty, students, and programs at

Duke Law School, it is important to note that gift commitments are fulfilled over time and do not indicate cash that is immediately available for use by the School. An important milestone was achieved in June 2002 when Frances Rufty L’45 expressed her deep respect for the role of the Law Library and Senior Associate Dean Richard Danner with a gift of $1.4 million to establish a professorship in legal research and technology and to provide general support to the library. Mrs. Rufty’s gift took the Campaign for Duke Law School past the $55 million mark which had been the objective of the last five years’ fund raising efforts. On the same day that Mrs. Rufty made her gift, Duke Law School received nine gifts to the Annual Fund and one gift to a scholarship fund. It is the men and women who have made the decision to continue to invest at every level in the work of Duke Law School that we honor in this issue of Duke Law Magazine. Some graduate professional schools receive major funding from corporations; others receive the bulk of their gifts from foundations, but law schools are dependent on individuals - alumni, parents, students, faculty, and friends. During FY02, nearly 3,000 individuals made gifts to Duke Law School. As you look at the graphic showing the source of Campaign gifts and pledges, keep in mind that alumni, parents, and other individuals account for 53 percent of the dollars, and that foundations (another 20 per-

cent) are also primarily individuals who give through family foundations, trusts, community foundations, or donor-directed funds. In addition to giving restricted gifts, they contributed $1,562,826 to the Annual Fund with gifts in amounts from $10 to $25,000. Each gift is valued and important. However, Duke Law continues to lag behind many other preeminent law schools in the percentage of alumni who support the school annually. This past year, fewer than one of three Duke Law graduates gave back to the School. This surprising and disappointing statistic is in direct contrast to the open affection that most Duke alumni express, and which was evidenced by the more than 900 alumni and friends who celebrated Reunion Weekend in April. In the coming year there will be a renewed emphasis on participation in the Annual Fund with the objective of exceeding 30 percent. Every contribution strengthens Duke Law Schools’ ability to provide fine programs to the talented young scholars who earn their degrees here. Every contribution assists in educating men and women who will become leaders in the profession, in business and in guiding the organizations that keep communities strong. Thank you for your generosity and your belief in the mission of Duke Law School. Sincerely, Linda Steckley Associate Dean for External Relations

Campaign Report by Source
1% Parents 7% Duke Endowment 6% Corporations 8% Other Individuals

Law School Annual Fund (Paid)

Total Law School Gifts and Pledges (in millions)
$16.0 $14.0

$1,352,774 $1,286,869



$1,200,000 14% Miscellaneous 20% Foundations 44% Alumni $1,000,000
$930,212 $1,028,874

$12.0 $10.0 $8.0 $6.0 $4.0

$800,000 $600,000 $400,000 $200,000


Fiscal Year 96 97 98 99 00 01 02

Fiscal Year



Total Pledges and Gifts as of August 2002 $56,424,733












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Honor Roll of Donors

This report gratefully acknowledges the generosity of the many alumni and friends who provided vital support to Duke Law School. The Law School operates on a fiscal-year calendar and gifts listed in this report were received between July 1, 2001 and June 30, 2002. Every effort has been made to avoid errors, and we apologize for any that might appear. Please contact us about corrections: Ann Sundberg, director of development tel: 919-613-7217 fax: 919-613-7170 tel: 888-LAW-ALUM email:

Barrister Donor Society
Justiciars $100,000 or more Anonymous (2) The Atlantic Philanthropies Charles A. Cannon Trust #3 Community Foundation of Greater Greensboro Inc. The Duke Endowment Sigrid Pedersen Foley '37* Kip A. Frey '85 Meredith Frey Marcy R. Horvitz Richard Alan Horvitz '78 Richard & Marcy Horvitz Foundation George R. Krouse, Jr. '70 Susan N. Krouse Archibald and Frances Rufty Foundation Frances F. Rufty '45 Lanty L. Smith '67 Margaret Chandler Smith Elizabeth Ann Star Stanley Albert Star '61 Star Family Foundation Triangle Community Foundation Inc. L. Neil Williams, Jr. '61 Sue S. Williams Chancellors $50,000-99,999 Anonymous Jan Donnelly Robinson O. Everett '59 Fidelity Investments Charitable Gift Fund Jill I. Fishman Mark A. Fishman '78 David W. Ichel '78 Smith Richardson Foundation Barons $25,000-49,999 Bank of America Foundation Mary Duke Biddle Foundation

Carl E. Bolch, Jr. '67 Susan Bass Bolch Bond Market Association Candace M. Carroll '74 Calvin J. Collier '67 Mary Evans Collier Community Foundation for Greater Atlanta Inc. David M. Eisenberg '77 Paula J. Eisenberg Mary A. Ferguson Raymond Buck Ferguson '70 Jane Trantham Hahn John S. Hahn Robert G. Moskowitz '77 Marilyn M. Norfolk '68 William R. Norfolk '67 Robert C. Oshiro '52 PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP Dianne M. Safley James R. Safley ‘68 James H. Semans Mary D.B.T. Semans Allen G. Siegel '60 Rochelle R. Siegel Leonard B. Simon '73 Jeannette Stern Carol Taub Melvin S. Taub '44 Chilton D. Varner K. Morgan Varner III '66 David Livingstone Ward, Jr. '62 Justices $20,000-24,999 IOLTA Board Of Trustees King & Wood Law Firm Moore & Van Allen, PLLC Alice Noble David D. Noble '66 Donald E. Noble* Gayle E. Noble Thomas D. Rowe, Jr. A. Daniel Scheinman '87 Young-Gak Ken Yun '88

Benefactors $15,000-19,999 Laura Allen Richard M. Allen '66 Colin Wegand Brown '74 Cynthia Porter Brown Foundation for the Carolinas Marsha K. Frank Ronald W. Frank '72 Goldman Sachs & Company Gary G. Lynch '75 North Carolina Biotechnology Center Henry J. Oechler, Jr. '71 Russell M. Robinson II '56 Sally D. Robinson Georgia S. Rowe Jean T. Russ Michael C. Russ '69 Alice M. Starr Kenneth W. Starr '73 Gillian Steel Robert King Steel Robert K. Steel Family Foundation Joseph F. Stein Foundation Roger H. Stein '88 Stuart M. Stein '78 Victoria Stevens William F. Stevens '70 Paul B. Williams Corp. Fellows $10,000-14,999 Katharine T. Bartlett Joan P. Beber Robert H. Beber '57 Philip A. Bjorlo '77 Sheila Regan Bjorlo Amy Margaret Brown G. William Brown, Jr. '80 Cynthia Jones Buck Peter Coleman Buck '76 John A. Canning, Jr. '69 Rita Podjasek Canning Canning Foundation Centenary United Methodist Church Jeffrey C. Coyne '79 Rebecca S. Coyne James P. Davenport '69 Nancy G. Davenport Fox Family Foundation Inc. Anita Bridgman Fromholz Haley J. Fromholz '67 Caroline B. Gottschalk '90 Mr. and Mrs. Herman Grad George G. Guthrie '67 Anthony S. Harrington '66 Hope Reynolds Harrington Robert M. Hart '69 Barbara Lynn Henkel Jonathan T. Howe '66 Lois H. Howe Jeffrey P. Hughes '65

Bettysue C. Hughes Peter J. Kahn '76 Glenn E. Ketner, Jr. '63 Susan H. Ketner John R. Knight '83 Judy Ann Koepff Paul R. Koepff '73 David D. Laufer '69 Mayer Brown Rowe & Maw Auralia C. Nurkin Sidney J. Nurkin '66 Nancy Peoples Stephen P. Pepe '68 Marcella E. Poe Mark J. Prak '80 Robin H. Prak E. Norwood Robinson '52 Pauline Gray Robinson Salisbury Community Foundation Christopher H. Schroeder Triangle Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Colleagues $5,000-9,999 Alfred G. Adams, Jr. '74 Sarah H. Adams '73 Jaime Eduardo Aleman '78 J. Bradford Anwyll '82 Todd Hunter Bailey '76 Baker & McKenzie Duncan M. Beale Sara Sun Beale Leif C. Beck '59 Donald Haskell Beskind '77 John M. Bremer '74 Sharon A. Bremer Donald B. Brooks '68 Alma Lucille Buck James E. Buck '60 Stuart Upchurch Buice William T. Buice III '64 B. Richard Burdman '56 Babette Feldman Burdman Robert L. Burrus, Jr. '58 W. Pitts Carr '72 Bessie M. Carrington Paul D. Carrington Patricia A. Casey '82 David B. Chaffin '83 Deborah Chiles Stephen M. Chiles '67 Covington & Burling Marie Lucille Crawford Stephen G. Crawford '64 Dara Lyn DeHaven '80 Deborah A. DeMott Mary Woodbridge deVeer '85 Laura B. Di Giantonio '79 Michael Dockterman '78 Charles A. Dukes, Jr. '57 Rebecca W. Dukes Judith Harris Eason William E. Eason, Jr. '68 John D. Englar '72

Linda Englar Gail W. Feagles '76 Prentiss Eric Feagles '76 Randi Feiner Stuart F. Feiner '74 Harry J. Finke IV '82 Jean Swofford Firestone '82 Bonnie S. Fleming J. Carlton Fleming '51 Howard G. Godwin, Jr. '69 Mary Ann M. Godwin Raymond H. Goodmon III '77 Susan Summerlin Goodmon Joyce N. Gordon Richard A. Gordon '67 Ray Graves '52 Joseph M. Griffin '61 Priscilla G. Griffin Thomas Andrew Hale '82 Donna L. Hardiman John L. Hardiman '82 Clark C. Havighurst Karen W. Havighurst Jack D. Hawkins '47 Lorraine Boyce Hawkins '48 Martha J. Hays '82 Andrew S. Hedden '66 L. Cecily Hines '81 Harriet T. Holderness Richard Louis Horwitz '82 Harvey C. Hubbell Trust Kenneth Charles Hunt '76 Christopher G. Kelly '86 Catherine Irwin Klaber David G. Klaber '69 Alexandra D. Korry '86 Mary H. Friday Leadbetter '82 Ingrid Lee Donald R. Lincoln '67 William Gerard Louis-Dreyfus '57 Louis-Dreyfus Corporation James E. Luebchow '73 Carl F. Lyon '68 Maryann Lyon Peter J. Michel '66 Francis H. Morrison III '75 Sally M. Morrison Open Society Institute J. D. Page '77 Robin Panovka '86 Thomas K. Pettus Philip Morris U.S.A. David R. Poe '74 T. William Porter III '66 David H. Potel '81 Alice H. Prater '87 Harlan I. Prater IV '87 Mary Norris Preyer Fund Rebecca Winslow Pringle Robert B. Pringle '69 Wendy A. Robineau Peter David Rosenberg '78 Rosenberg, Minc, Falkoff, & Wolff LLP * deceased

Eileen M. Salem Richard J. Salem '72 Elizabeth Y. Schiff '85 James Andrew Schiff Robert C. & Adele R. Schiff Foundation Thomas H. Sear '72 Barbara L. Sibley Kenneth D. Sibley '85 Eric Song Patricia Tilley Song '98 Lawrence D. Steckmest '75 David K. Taylor, Jr. '49 Isabel D. Taylor Nancy S. Thigpen Richard E. Thigpen, Jr. James W. Ummer '72 Janet Sue Ummer United Methodist Foundation of Western North Carolina Inc. Vanguard Charitable Endowment Program Barbara Vaughan David L. Vaughan '71 Constance Elizabeth Vaught Charles O. Verrill, Jr. '62 Dena Verrill Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz Foundation Caroline A. Walker John L. Walker '77 Donna H. Watson Campbell Lucas Wester John R. Wester '72 Alan D. Wingfield '87 Emily O. Wingfield ‘87 Thomas W. Winland '74 Tyla Winland Winston-Salem Foundation Sustaining Members $2,500-4,999 Jean T. Adams ‘79 Thomas R. Adams Claire L. Arnold H. Ross Arnold III '70 Charles D. Axelrod '66 Elizabeth S. Bacon Richard G. Bacon '67 Penelope M. Barnett Robert P. Barnett '48 Susan T. Bart Daniel Scott Berman '92 Karen Ann Bussel Berman '92 David L. Blisk '83 Robert A. Buchholz '98 Denise Caffrey '76 Harry R. Chadwick, Jr. '53 Laurel R. Chadwick Kristin Ramsey Clyde '92 Thomas MacIver Clyde '92 Community Foundation of Louisville Depository John W. Connolly III '85 Dean M. Cordiano '76 Donald B. Craven '67 Timothy J. Curry '77 Donald A. Daucher '71 Lynn M. Daucher Benito H. Diaz '76 * deceased

Davis W. Duke, Jr. '59 Maria J. Fincher '84 Ellen K. Fishbein '86 James R. Fox '71 Anton Henry Gaede, Jr. '64 JoAnne Miller Gaede Pamela Brooks Gann '73 Donna C. Gregg '74 Robert Edgar Gregg '74 William D. Grubbs '61 Kathleen M. Hamm '88 Diana C. Harris James B. Hawkins '82 Barbara D. Henkel Lee H. Henkel, Jr. '52 Paul A. Hilstad '69 Rebecca Hilstad Irma Lou Hirsch William A. Hirsch '64 John Richard Holzgraefe '79 Sandi Holzgraefe Arthur J. Howe '85 Larry D. Irick '82 Samuel W. Johnson '72 Velma H. Johnson Jonathon H. Kaplan '90 Ketkia J. Kimbrough Lawrence M. Kimbrough '68 Mr. and Mrs. William J. Kirby Leslie Philipson Krakow Robert B. Krakow '81 Donald C. Lampe '82 Sanford V. Levinson London Drugs Foundation Stuart D. Louie '03 Cym H. Lowell '72 Nancy B. Lowell Marian P. Lowry William J. Lowry '49 Sally Magill Thomas D. Magill '76 Kent L. Mann '76 Mathis-Pfohl Foundation Alfred R. Mays '56 Mary Elaine Mays Gray McCalley, Jr. '79 Mary Jo McCalley Eugene J. McDonald William B. McGuire '33 Joseph A. McManus, Jr. '72 H. Todd Miller '71 June L. Miller Albert Garver Moore, Jr. '77 James E. Padilla '78 Carol S. Pancoast David W. Pancoast '67 Judith G. Payson Robert K. Payson '64 Jerry P. Peppers '71 Sue E. Peppers Mr. and Mrs. James M. Pfohl Mary L. Pitcher Thomas B. Pitcher '66 H. Jefferson Powell David A. Quattlebaum III '61 Mr. and Mrs. Leonard V. Quigley C. Richard Rayburn, Jr. '74 Yvonne M. Rayburn Melanie B. Richards

Russell Bachman Richards '74 John F. Rigney '83 Karen W. Rigney Celia A. Roady '76 Stephen Elston Roady '76 Bruce L. Rogers '87 Daniel R. Schnur '86 Michael J. Schwartz '82 Phyllis J. Schwartz William H. Steinbrink '67 Thomas C. Stevens '74 Albert F. Stevenson Lynn W. Stevenson Paul K. Sun, Jr. '89 Thompson & Knight Foundation Gerald B. Tjoflat '57 Marcia P. Tjoflat Josiah C. Trent Memorial Foundation United Way of Delaware Inc. Sue Ellen Utley '70 Ann Heath Walker Clarence W. Walker '55 Michael R. Walsh '63 J. Lofton Westmoreland '71 Wiener and Garg, LLC Kathleen P. Wilson '92 Calder W. Womble '47 Martha H. Womble Members $1,000-2,499 ($500 for graduates of five years or less, judges, educators, and government officials) 20th District Bar Association John Hamilton Adams '62 Clifford R. Adler '82 Syed Nadeem Ahmad '93 Anne Micheaux Akwari '95 Onye E. Akwari Taylor M. Albright '98 Juan F. Aleman '91 James P. Alexander '69 Jeanne B. Alexander Ainagul Z. Alimanova '98 Scott H. Allan Jr. '99 David H. Allard '56 Francisco D. Almaguer '97 American General Corp. Darius K. Amjadi '90 Andersen Foundation Eric T. Andrews '96 Harris R. Anthony '76 Mariko Aratani Satoshi Aratani '98 Peter B. Archie '65 Scott A. Arenare '89 Adam H. Arkel '02 Alexandra Armstrong Kichimoto Asaka '87 AT&T Foundation Melissa I. Attar '98 Ron Attar Adwoa Maame Awotwi '02 Patricia C. Ayres Bruce W. Baber '79 Cynthia G. Baber Cynthia Lee Baker

Louis Jay Barash '79 Susan Barlow Thomas W. H. Barlow '72 Linna M. Barnes '76 Kimberly Ann Bart '02 James Edison Bauman '82 Lori Ann Bauman Lauralyn E. Beattie '98 Beckley Area Foundation Renee Elizabeth Becnel '90 Brenda B. Becton '74 Charles L. Becton '69 Robert Harrison Bell '02 Faith Bell Trust Thomas A. Belles '81 BellSouth Corporation Lloyd D. Berkowitz Lorraine Shook Berkowitz '82 Dale S. Bernard Daniel F. Bernard '67 James Wilson Berry, Jr. '74 John T. Berteau '67 Janie Bezanson Thomas E. Bezanson Thomas J. Biafore '91 Julia G. Biehn Kenneth G. Biehn '64 C. Thomas Biggs '62 Mary Ann G. Biggs Donald Ray Billings '63 Rhoda B. Billings Carl-David Birman '87 Janet Ward Black '85 Charles F. Blanchard '49 Bernard M.B. Blanchard Blanchard Fund Daniel T. Blue, Jr. '73 Grace C. Boddie '51 Victor Bongard III '98 J. Sidney Boone, Jr. '69 J. A. Bouknight, Jr. '68 Daniel S. Bowling III '80 David K. Bowsher '99 Dana G. Bradford II '73 Donna P. Bradford David F. Bradley Laura S. Bradley '92 Hans J. Brasseler '92 Antonio B. Braz '86 Steven T. Breaux '89 Marjorie L. Breisblatt Robert B. Breisblatt '72 Anthony H. Brett '79 Joseph J. Brigati '65 Gail Fox Briggs John D. Briggs, Jr. '86 William H. Briggs, Jr. '69 Bristol-Myers Squibb Foundation Valerie T. Broadie '79 Charles David Broll, Jr. '97 Val C. Brooks '53 Robert T. Brousseau '72 Deborah D. Brown '87 Janine Brown '86 P. Anita Brown Richard Ward Brown ‘87 Jackson B. Browning, Jr. '73 Susan Pollard Browning Judith Buhrman

Richard W. Buhrman '66 Allen G. Burgoyne '62 Burlington Industries Foundation John Arthur Busch '76 Blain B. Butner '80 Michael R. Byers Margaret Carter Callahan '84 Lisa M. Campoli '02 James H. Carll '75 Megan Lejeune Carlyle '98 John A. Carnahan '55 Katherine A. Carnahan Leslie P. Carnegie '99 Jean M. Cary Michael C. Castellon '86 Dorothy S. Caudle Lloyd C. Caudle '56 Robin Chambers '67 Owen Cheatham Foundation Conway Chen '02 D. Todd Christofferson '72 Amy L. Chua CIGNA Foundation Kyle Anne Citrynell '80 Theresa M. Claffey '99 Jonathan E. Claiborne '81 Reginald J. Clark '78 Ronald Louis Claveloux '84 Robert L. Clifford '50 Ruth A. Clifford The Coca-Cola Company Coca-Cola Enterprises Inc. Larissa Marie Cochron '97 Rose Mary Cole W. Warren Cole, Jr. '50 John J. Coleman III '81 John J. Coleman, Jr. '50 Ronald T. Coleman, Jr. '86 Curtis L. Collier '74 Charles A. Comer '52 Community Foundation of Western North Carolina Lorynn A. Cone '79 Thomas E. Cone '81 Anne E. Connolly '91 Colm F. Connolly '91 Tia Lynn Cottey '85 Patrick C. Coughlan '65 Lea Courington '77 James D. Cox Crape Myrtle Festival James T. Crouse '80 CSX Corporation William M. Curtis '65 Lisa Michele Cylus '02 J. Michael Dalton '82 Mark Francis Daly '98 Richard A. Danner Mia Dassas '02 Joshua Alston Davenport '02 Mary Ellen Davies Robert Norman Davies '61 Herbert O. Davis '60 Linwood L. Davis '67 Martha Davis Davis Charitable Lead Trust W. Robinson Deaton, Jr. '76 Roger L. Decker '63 Forrest James Deegan '02

John Sabine DeGroote '90 Judson W. Detrick '66 Irwin L. Dickman '57 Donald P. Dietrich '61 Rodney J.Dillman '78 William Lyman Dillon '67 Randall Thomas Dingle '02 Adrian E. Dollard '95 Anne L. Dollard '94 Helen Irene Dooley '95 Robert L. Dougherty '82 Jonathan L. Drake '84 Duke Energy Foundation M. Frances Durden '85 Christine M. Durham '71 George Homer Durham, II J. Scott Dyer '80 Susan L. Edelheit '78 Katharine T. Edmunds-Byers David Nesbit Edwards, Jr. '64 Kimberly K. Egan '97 Mary Alice R. Elkins Robert L. Elkins '52 Diane F. Ellis Michael A. Ellis '77 Caroline E. Emerson '85 Elizabeth Parker Engle '46 Charles I. Epstein '77 Joanne Ernteman David Ruben Esquivel '97 Katherine D. Esquivel Kathryn P. Etcheverry Raymond J. Etcheverry '76 ExxonMobil Marianne Faessel-Kahn '98 Brett D. Fallon '86 Douglas A. Faulkner '67 Christopher P. Fazekas '04 Fidelity Foundation First Union Foundation Imogene P. Flick Willis H. Flick '48 James L. Fogle '75 Anne R. Forlines John A. Forlines III '82 Ross Carey Formell '87 Linda Cox Fornaciari '81 Benjamin Eagles Fountain III '83 Sharon M. Fountain '82 Karla Harbin Fox '71 Martin D. Fox David B. Franklin '75 Harold I. Freilich '77 James C. Frenzel '70 Susan Berg Frenzel Manuel Constantin Frick '95 David A. Friedman '57 Marilyn Friedman Bertold K Frisch '92 Dieter Fuellemann '83 Mr. and Mrs. Koichiro Fujikura Paul Jay Fukushima '75 Kathleen E. Fuller '01 Arthur L. Gallagher '97 William J. Gallwey III '72 Sandra J. Galvis '92 Charles D. Ganz '72 Donald B. Gardiner '65 John D. Gardiner '92

Robert R. Gardner '50 James David Garrison '73 Leonard Montreal Garside '02 Francis V. Gay '61 Curtis D. Genders '67 General Electric Company Joe W. Gerstein '52 Andrea Meenakshi Ghoorah '02 Robert R. Ghoorah '97 Sarah Elizabeth Gibson Stanley Martin Gibson '91 Thomas William Giegerich '80 Anne Phillips Byrd Gilchrist Peter S. Gilchrist III '65 Anne Johnson Gilford Steven R. Gilford '78 GKN Foundation Emily S. Glaze Richard Edward Glaze '57 L. Alan Goldsberry '69 Jason Wells Goode '00 Nannette Wallace Gorman Thomas J. Gorman '85 Thomas Roland Grady '82 Croley W. Graham, Jr. '77 Sara S. Graves William T. Graves, Sr. '72 Charles Scott Greene '82 S. Ward Greene '73 Linda Boyd Griffey '80 Betsy L. Griffin C. Frank Griffin '50 Harry L. Griffin, Jr. '63 Dorothy Grimsley John G. Grimsley '63 Jeanne Grogan Roy J. Grogan, Sr. '50 Roy J. and Jeanne Grogan Family Foundation Mary Louise & Maurice W. Grumbles Foundation Elizabeth Anne Gustafson '86 Mark Daryl Gustafson '86 Lucy Haagen Paul H. Haagen Susanne I. Haas '87 Elliott T. Halio '57 C. Wells Hall III '73 Eric H. Halvorson '76 John D. Hamilton, Jr. '56 Derrick Norman David Hansen '97 Thomas Arthur Hanson '76 Barbara Hardin Paul Hardin III '54 P. Russell Hardin '82 John M. Harmon '69 Paul Edwin Harner '88 Robert T. Harper '79 Susan F. Harper Robert E. Harrington '87 Sharon Carr Harrington '89 Zachariah Spear Harrington '02 Kenneth Rhyne Harris '02 Margaret A. Harris '40 Marcella Ann Harshbarger '02 Kathryn D. Hart Thomas G. Hart '50

John Michael Hartenstine '77 James K. Hasson, Jr. '70 Jayne Young Hasson Harry J. Haynsworth IV '64 B. Brett Heavner '92 Cynthia C. Hemmerich Michael Richard Hemmerich '85 Frederick E. Henry III '72 Vallie J. Henry Tony Henson Jerry H. Herman '79 Linda S. Herman Beverly B. Hicks M. Lawrence Hicks, Jr. Janette High Mark R. High '79 Lucille M. Hillman A. Everett Hoeg III '72 L. Lynn Hogue '74 Jay Roderick Hone '77 Seth Harry Hoogasian '79 John O. Hoos '69 Benjamin S. Horack '41 Frances Borland Horack Dawson Horn III '83 Donald L. Horowitz Judith A. Horowitz William W. Horton '85 Clevonne Michelle Houser '02 John A. Howell '75 Regina D. Howell Phillip A. Hubbart '61 Richard D. Huff '72 Randall L. Hughes '68 Frank W. Hunger '65 Hunton & Williams Harry Lane Hutchinson '02 Stuart N. Hutchison III '68 Eric Alan Isaacson '85 Hugh G. Isley, Jr. '53 Gary W. Jackson '79 Susan Schweinberg Jackson '90 Jacksonville Community Foundation Victoria P. Jalo '02 N. Anthony Jeffries '92 Jewish Community Federation of Cleveland Eleanor Cullen Johnson Gilbert Patterson Johnson '63 Nathaniel R. Johnson, Jr. '44 Johnson & Johnson John D. Johnston, Jr. '56 Lauren W. Jones '84 Margaret H. Jorgensen Thomas A. Jorgensen '67 Alex R. Josephs '40 Michael H. Kahn '77 William P. Kahn '00 Carlotta Satterfield Kale Thomas Swain Kale '64 Cynthia Reid Kallal Edward William Kallal, Jr. '79 Faith D. Kasparian '97 Diane A. Kaufman Mark D. Kaufman, Sr. '74 Christine Keleher Kelly Christopher Mark Kelly '86 Rachael Dianne Kent '98

Nannerl O. Keohane Robert Keohane Stephen V. Kern '81 Key Foundation Erika Fisher King '95 Mark Watkins Kinghorn '02 Benedict Kingsbury Eleanor D. Kinney '73 Thomas C. Kleinschmidt '65 Christopher N. Knight '71 Emily Turner Knight Charles Walter Kohler '75 Laura C. Kohler John A. Koskinen Patricia Koskinen Albert Zoltan Kovacs '02 Kenneth J. Krebs '84 Ronald J. Krotoszynski, Jr. '91 Alison M. Krouse '00 Geoffrey R. Krouse '97 Kenton L. Kuehnle '70 Carolyn B. Kuhl '77 Stephen A. Labaton '86 Thomas L. Lackey '76 Elizabeth Emeline LaMacchia '00 Ginger Lambeth Walter O. Lambeth, Jr. '68 Federico C. Lander '02 Jeffrey R. Lapic '70 Pat Larson Philip C. Larson '71 Andrea Lynn Lasker '02 Jorlee Williams Lear William H. Lear '65 Harland F. Leathers '37 Edna Keiser Leo Karl W. Leo '83 Glenn W. Letham '72 Roberta M. Letham Lynn Ane Leubuscher '96 Angela Rose Levin Jay Jordon Levin '74 Adele O. Levitt '77 Dana N. Levitt '77 Jennifer G. Levy '97 Michael McKenna Levy, Jr. '97 Christian Alexander Libson Jeffrey Paul Libson '81 Siauw A. Ling Trent William Ling '91 Mary H. Lloyd Robert B. Lloyd, Jr. '50 Edward A. Loeser '51 Donald John Logie, Jr. '74 Lord Abbett & Company John F. Lowndes '58 Rita Ann Lowndes Charles C. Lucas III '90 Stephanie A. Lucie '87 Douglas F. MacPhail '65 Gertrude Juliett MacPhail Janice F. Madden Paul C. Madden '72 Cynthia B. Maddox '87 Robert L. Maddox, III '87 Tracy Madsen Jennifer D'Arcy Maher '83 George R. Mahoney, Jr. '67 Ann L. Majestic '82

Henry W. Majestic Denise L. Majette '79 Jane Makela '78 David R. Mandelbrot '92 Christopher D. Mangum '85 Michael Patrick Manning '83 William Yates Manson '61 Yibing Mao '89 Betty M. Marquise Richard T. Marquise '48 CoraLynn H. Marshall '78 Roger L. Marshall Gary Edward Mason '87 Barbara Caridad Matthews '91 Johan F. Mattsson '01 James B. Maxwell '66 Richard C. Maxwell Maxwell Family Trust Randolph J. May '71 Laurie E. May Daniel K. McAlister '63 Linda L. McCall '78 Ralph L. McCaughan '66 Susan B. McCaughan Jerry J. McCoy '66 Joan McCusker Paul D. McCusker Daniel M. McDonald '66 Robert L. McFadden '54 Lindsey Hager McGinnis '02 McGuireWoods LLP Clyde Vernon McKee, Jr. '47 Duncan Oliphant McKee '56 Mary L. McKee Lee S. McKeithen '35 S. Lynn McLain '74 Christopher B. McLaughlin '96 Thomas P. Meehan '65 W. Edward Meeks, Jr. '77 Gregg R. Melinson '89 Antonio Mendes '67 Carlos Mendes Timothy Elmer Meredith '77 Craig Benton Merkle '81 Paula Krahn Merkle '81 Heloise C. Merrill '77 Charles W. Mertel '64 Nancy Mertel Metropolitan Life Foundation John J. Michels, Jr. '85 William B. Miller III '80 Amos T. Mills III '72 Janice L. Mills '77 James L. Miraldi '77 Michael Paul Mirande '80 Christian J. Mixter '77 Stephen C. Mixter '86 Marlon Delano Moffett '02 Robert K. Montgomery '64 Cary A. Moomjian, Jr. '72 Charles A. Moran '67 Carol Preston Morgan J.P. Morgan & Company J.P. Morgan Chase Foundation Thomas H. Morgan '66 Madeline Morris David Eugene Morrison '77 Douglas B. Morton '71 Eric Keith Moser '89 Robert P. Mosteller * deceased


Graham C. Mullen '69 Maurine Mills Murtagh '95 Thomas J. Murtagh Barbara F. Musselwhite Marvin D. Musselwhite, Jr. '63 Steven Naclerio '71 Ann Marie Nader '89 David J. Naftzinger '73 Robert J. Nagy '88 David Edward Nash '81 Robin P. Nash '81 Nathalie Neveux '97 New York Stock Exchange Foundation John H. Noblitt* Paul G. Nofer '87 Patricia Taibo Northrop '97 Northwestern Mutual Life Foundation Kenneth J. Nussbacher '77 Carol L. O'Brien Occidental Petroleum Charitable Foundation Bernard Robert Okun Deanna T. Okun '90 Susan Freya Olive '77 Wendy Beth Oliver '87 Rory R. Olsen '74 Margaret K. Orson Marshall David Orson '85 Carolyn M. Osteen '66 Robert T. Osteen Thomas P. Owens, Jr. '65 Laurel D. Palmer Richard A. Palmer '66 David W. Pancost Karen B. Pancost '76 Paul J. Pantano, Jr. '80 Joseph M. Parker, Jr. '60 Linda Parker Alina Simona Pastiu '02 William R. Patterson '50 William L. Patton '68 William H. Pauley III '77 David Anderson Payne '88 Glen A. Payne '72 Katherine S. Payne '87 James Russell Peacock III '82 Ann Gerald Pearlman Michael A. Pearlman '70 Andrew J. Peck '77 Carolyn K. Penny Wade H. Penny, Jr. '60 David King Perdue '78 Wendy C. Perdue '78 Pedro Perez '02 Happy R. Perkins '80 Calvin R. Peters Milly D. Peters '51 Pamela O. Peters '78 Stephen C. Peters '83 Michael T. Petrik '83 Susan Renee Petrik Christopher J. Petrini '87 Julie O. Petrini '87 Calvin R. Phelan '73 Albert E. Philipp, Jr. '50 Esther K. Phillipp Nathaniel G.W. Pieper '67 Barbara N. Pinna * deceased

William P. Pinna '68 Ashmead P. Pipkin '75 Marjorie A. Pipkin David C. Pishko '77 Mary Jane Brown Pishko Robert Ferdo Pluscec '02 Gary A. Poliner '77 Ildiko Poliner David Bruce Post '76 Garrett Power '62 Joan Ashby Pritchard Llewelyn G. Pritchard '61 Procter & Gamble Fund Danae Kay Prousis '75 Cemil M. Purut Rita K. Purut '91 Elizabeth Hitchins Quigley '94 Leonard Matthew Quigley '94 Lindsey A. Rader '87 R. Anthony Rall Chris A. Rallis '78 Susanne Rallis The Rallis Richner Foundation, Inc. Adolph H. Ralston '42 Drucilla C. Ralston Dustin B. Rawlin '00 Edward A. Reilly '68 William A. Reppy, Jr. C. Nicholas Revelos '65 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Foundation Evan B. Rice '97 Wayne A. Rich, Jr. '67 Nancy E. Richey Thomas S. Richey '75 Gail Levin Richmond '71 Michael L. Richmond '71 Marguerite F. Riddick Julie M. Riewe '99 Patricia M. Riley William L. Riley '67 Carolyn Pritchard Riordan Robert P. Riordan '84 Edgar J. Roberts, Jr. '63 H. B. Robertson, Jr. Patricia L. Robertson Frederick Robinson '82 Martha Franck Rollins O. Randolph Rollins '68 James S. Rowe '91 David Michael Rubenstein '97 Gregory James Ruffa '88 Julie A. Russell '97 Cheryl Feik Ryan '87 Mark William Ryan '81 James A. Rydzel '71 Mary Chandler Rydzel James R. Safley '68 Hideyuki Sakai '82 John A. Sanders '74 Ira Sandron '74 Bernadette Schaeffler Georg F. W. Schaeffler '99 Stuart Frederick Schaffer '82 Richard L. Schmalbeck Scientific-Atlanta Foundation Inc Mariya Seacrest '00 Michelle R. Seltzer '97

Charles T. Sharbaugh '74 John Francis Sharkey '87 Ann Marie Sharratt Bryan E. Sharratt '71 Robert E. Sheahan, Jr. '67 Shenandoah Life Insurance Robert J. Shenkin '70 Shepard Broad Foundation Helen C. Sherrill John A. Sherrill '72 Toby L. Sherwood '69 Ting-Ting Shi '98 Cynia Brown Shimm Melvin G. Shimm David Alexander Shuford '02 Jeroll R. Silverberg '46 Mark A Simmelkjaer '02 Alexander Jackson Simmons, Jr. '86 Jolene J.H.L. Sinke-Tribble '92 Halcyon E. Skinner '73 Amy Beth C. Slutkin '91 Andrew G. Slutkin '91 Gibson L. Smith, Jr. '65 James D. Smith '86 Jane Balch Smith Jeanne G. Smith Margaret Taylor Smith Michael Stephen Smith '85 Richard Stanley Smith Jr. ‘84 Sidney W. Smith, Jr. '49 Brian A. Snow '66 Chrissie Snow Sarah Kathleen Solum '98 Lisa Winston Sorrell Michael J. Sorrell '94 Phillip K. Sotel '62 Patricia Ann Speth '84 John Clay Spinrad '83 Cornelia Beshar Spring Robert E. Spring '77 Carl K. Staas '61 Linda G. Steckley Gary S. Stein '56 James E. Stephenson '76 Kathleen A. Stephenson '76 Sonja Steptoe '85 Kristen Larkin Stewart '86 Sandra Paine Stewart William R. Stewart '68 Caroline P. Stoel '37 Thomas B. Stoel '37 Mr. and Mrs. Donald I. Strauber Jocelyn E. Strauber ‘98 Sandra J. Strebel '62 Donald R. Strickland '84 Kathy Brooks Strickland Leslye S. Stringfellow Walter A. Stringfellow III '71 Trawick H. Stubbs, Jr. '67 Sumitoma Metal Mining Co. Ltd. Marinos T. Svolos '60 Richard Rockwell Swann '63 Tish W. Szurek '87 Jeffrey E. Tabak '82 Marilyn D. Tabak Robert T. Tally '76 Letty M. Tanchum '73

Michael L. Tanchum '72 J. Alexander Tanford '76 David C. Tarshes '81 Robert C. Taylor '52 Richard Eric Teller '74 C. Brooke Temple III '96 Juliann Tenney '79 N. Imogene Thaler F. Roger Thaler '63 Roger P. Thomasch '67 James E. Thompson '52 Carolyn B. Thornhill W. A. Thornhill III '52 Paul H. Tietz '75 Joel B. Toomey '82 Diane Rowley Toop '79 Richard Scott Toop '80 Ernest C. Torres '68 Toyota Motor Sales, USA, Inc. Bradford J. Tribble '92 Tricon Foundation Inc. Angelica M. Trujillo '97 Troutman Sanders LLP Terry T. Tucker '04 Nwabundo E. Ume-Nwagbo '02 United States Steel Foundation United Technologies Corporation Mark T. Uyeda '95 Darrell R. Van Deusen '85 Theron McKean Van Dusen '91 Paul R. Van Hook '85 Edward C. Vandenburgh III '40 Jean Ellen Vernet, Jr. '74 Michael K. Vernier '87 Neil Vidmar Anne Brooks Vincent Richard H. Vincent '65 Charles Donald Vogel '79 Edward Walter Vogel III '76 Jane Dees Vogel John Ogden Vogt Wachovia Corporation Patricia H. Wagner '74 Michael H. Wald '77 Stacey Olivia Walker '02 Stephen Wallenstein Donald W. Wallis '74 Kathryn W. Wallis Kathryn Gray Ward ‘80 Robert S. Warwick '69 Sharon K. Wasserman '81 Steven D. Wasserman '79 Susan K. Weaver '88 Peter D. Webster '74 Diana Marti Weed '02 Ilene T. Weinreich '93 Peter A. Weitzel Kim W. West '77 William K. West Jr. '62 Anne R. West Western Resources Foundation Gerald T. Wetherington '63 Leona L. Wetherington Christy Ellen Wetzel '02 Caitlin A. Wheeler '97 Clay C. Wheeler '97 Douglas P. Wheeler '66

Heather C. Wheeler Lee Ann Wheelis '98 W. Dunlop White, Jr. '59 Dennis E. Wieczorek '77 Wiley, Rein & Fielding Beth D. Wilkinson '88 T. Scott Wilkinson '88 Mary K. Newcomer Williams '96 Mary Ellen C. Williams '77 Wilmer Cutler & Pickering G. Gray Wilson '76 John J. Witmeyer III '71 David J. Wittenstein '81 Erna Womble Jane Gilbert Womble William F. Womble, Jr. '67 William F. Womble '39 Richard A. Wood, Jr. '62 Susan Elizabeth Wood '02 C. Thomas Work '77 Robert A. Wrzosek '97 James Frank Wyatt III '82 Yan Xuan '87 Yancey Bros. Co. Jennifer Lynn Yelton '97 Jon Carl Yergler '79 James F. Young '54 Rolando A. Zambrana '02 Jonathan Marc Zeitler '93 James B. Zimpritch '73

Alumni Donors by Class 1933 William B. McGuire 1935 Lee S. McKeithen 1936 Louise Maxwell Barr 1937 Sigrid Pedersen Foley* Richard W. Kiefer Harland F. Leathers H. Hale McCown Helen Lanier McCown William L. Mosenson Caroline P. Stoel Thomas B. Stoel 1938 Carmon J. Stuart 1939 R. Campbell Carden Benson C. Tomlinson William F. Womble 1940 Margaret A. Harris Alex R. Josephs Benjamin Dimmick Raub Edward C. Vandenburgh III 1941 Aute L. Carr Daniel Roberts Dixon Benjamin S. Horack Norman L. Wherrett 1942 Donald Johnston Berkemeyer John B. Breckenridge Adolph H. Ralston 1944 Nathaniel R. Johnson, Jr. Melvin S. Taub 1945 Elwood M. Rich Frances F. Rufty 1946 Elizabeth Parker Engle Jeroll R. Silverberg 1947 Jack LeRoy Bloom Jack D. Hawkins James M. Jones, Jr. Clyde Vernon McKee, Jr. Henry A. McKinnon, Jr. Jonathan Zachariah McKown Lillard H. Mount Henry F. Sherrill John A. Speziale Calder W. Womble

1948 Robert P. Barnett Frank R. Buonocore Frank W. Dailey Willis H. Flick William H. Gray Lorraine Boyce Hawkins Solomon Levine Richard T. Marquise George H. Newsome A. William Sweeney Dan Edward Walton William Sidney Windes 1949 Charles F. Blanchard Duncan W. Holt, Jr. Ben Franklin Johnson, Jr. Hugh A. Lee Ben H. Logan William J. Lowry Edward J. Moppert Alden G. Pearce Sidney W. Smith, Jr. David K. Taylor, Jr. Elaine Kupp Wick Silas Williams, Jr. 1950 Bachman S. Brown, Jr. James G. Cate, Jr. Robert L. Clifford W. Warren Cole, Jr. John J. Coleman, Jr. Robert I. Cooper Robert R. Gardner Arbor W. Gray C. Frank Griffin Roy J. Grogan, Sr. Thomas G. Hart Arthur Knute Knudsen, Jr. Thomas O. Lawton, Jr. Kwan Hi Lim Robert B. Lloyd, Jr. Walter H. Mason, Jr.* Oren Walsh McClain William R. Patterson Albert E. Philipp, Jr. Hugh E. Reams John Webb Routh William R. Winders 1951 Grace C. Boddie Wood M. De Yoe Ned P. Everett J. Carlton Fleming Robert Watson Foster Frederic M. Klein James R. Lacey Edward A. Loeser John Earl Marsh, Jr. George W. Martin Edward E. Marx Arnold B. McKinnon Milly D. Peters Robert L. Styers James Toombs Thomasson, Jr.

1952 Reunion Chair: Lee H. Henkel, Jr. $84,862 Reunion Class Gift Total Robert Barber, Jr. James S. Byrd Charles A. Comer Robert L. Elkins Fred Folger, Jr. Joe W. Gerstein J. Bruce Gilman, Jr. Ray Graves Edward W. Hautanen Lee H. Henkel, Jr. Wallace T. Marlowe Robert L. Musser Jay W. Myers* Robert C. Oshiro James Chesley Rehberg E. Norwood Robinson William J. Rokos, Jr. Peter B. Scuderi Thomas W. Seay, Jr. Charles Slack Smith John Michael Speca Robert C. Taylor James E. Thompson W. A. Thornhill III 1953 Val C. Brooks C. Lee Butler Harry R. Chadwick, Jr. George Lee Hudspeth Hugh G. Isley, Jr. John D. Shaw, Jr. Lee C. Smith L. Stacy Weaver, Jr. 1954 Paul Hardin III William G. Kaelin Robert L. McFadden Charles E. Rushing James F. Young 1955 Hans Wolfgang Baade William G. Bell, Jr. Trent C. Bowen Sanford Ira Halberstadter* John F. Kuffner David Shapiro Clarence W. Walker 1956 David H. Allard B. Richard Burdman Lloyd C. Caudle Frederic E. Dorkin Robert L. Felts Francis M. Fletcher, Jr. Gerald R. Gibbons* Vincent T. Hall John D. Hamilton, Jr. John D. Johnston, Jr. Alfred R. Mays Duncan Oliphant McKee John S. Neely, Jr.

Carlyle C. Ring, Jr. Russell M. Robinson II Gary S. Stein David Boyette Stevens Col. Donald B. Strickland, Sr. 1957 Reunion Chair: Elliott T. Halio $66,805 Reunion Class Gift Total Robert H. Beber Irwin L. Dickman Winslow Drummond Charles A. Dukes, Jr. David A. Friedman Richard Edward Glaze G. William Hackett Elliott T. Halio Donald C. Knickerbocker William Gerard Louis-Dreyfus Marvin M. Moore Herbert S. Savitt Gerald B. Tjoflat Stephen D. Walsh 1958 Larry Ivan Bogart Robert L. Burrus, Jr. D. Pierre G. Cameron, Jr. John F. Lowndes Paul W. Markwood, Jr. William Kellam Oden, Jr. Edward Ernest Rieck W. Donald Sparks J. Robert Sterling 1959 Leif C. Beck Harrison K. Chauncey, Jr. Davis W. Duke, Jr. Robinson O. Everett Arthur Goodman, Jr. Robert Carnahan Hudson Robert W. Hutchins David C. Newman Charles England Plunkett Ronald William Sondee Julian W. Walker, Jr. John H. Webster James E. Westbrook W. Dunlop White, Jr. 1960 Robert B. Bell James E. Buck Richard E. Cooley Herbert O. Davis Rufus S. Hill, Jr. Joel I. Keiler William S. McLean Robert Donald Meenen Joseph M. Parker, Jr. Wade H. Penny, Jr. William R. Shebey Allen G. Siegel Marinos T. Svolos Newton C. Taylor Edward Thornhill III

1961 Robert F. Baker Robert Norman Davies Donald P. Dietrich Francis V. Gay Joseph M. Griffin William D. Grubbs Phillip A. Hubbart Jeremy R. Johnson William Yates Manson James E. Moore Walter F. Moossa Joseph Charles O'Rorke Llewelyn G. Pritchard David A. Quattlebaum III Carl K. Staas Stanley Albert Star James W. Tarlton III Elmer Wargo L. Neil Williams, Jr. David R. Willson 1962 Reunion Chair: David L. Maynard $125,947 Reunion Class Gift Total John Hamilton Adams C. Thomas Biggs William H. Bradford, Jr. Allen G. Burgoyne William A. Chesnutt Thomas C. Dorsey Gerald P. Johnston Johnie L. Joyce, Jr. Robert E. Lockhart David L. Maynard David M. Merchant Richard W. Metz Thomas R. Nesbitt, Jr. Garrett Power Peter L. Roda Vincent L. Sgrosso Phillip K. Sotel Sandra J. Strebel John L. Toumaras John M. Tudor Charles O. Verrill, Jr. David Livingstone Ward, Jr. William K. West Jr. Gaylord A. Wood, Jr. Richard A. Wood, Jr. 1963 Thomas L. Bass Donald Ray Billings E. Lawrence Davis III Roger L. Decker Stuart E. Duncan Mark B. Edwards Gary C. Furin John Boyd Gordon Harry L. Griffin, Jr. John G. Grimsley Jerone C. Herring Gilbert Patterson Johnson Julian C. Juergensmeyer Glenn E. Ketner, Jr. William J. Kinnamon, Jr. Henry C. Lauerman * deceased


Daniel K. McAlister Alexander Ward McKeithen Marvin D. Musselwhite, Jr. Frank T. Read Edward Scott Robe Edgar J. Roberts, Jr. J. Bowen Ross, Jr. J. David Ross Richard Rockwell Swann F. Roger Thaler Michael R. Walsh Gerald T. Wetherington John W. Wilcox 1964 Thomas J. Andrews Theodore M. Armstrong William B. Armstrong Samuel P. Bell III Kenneth G. Biehn Jay Darwin Bond, Jr. William T. Buice III Stephen G. Crawford David Nesbit Edwards, Jr. W. Erwin Fuller, Jr. Anton Henry Gaede, Jr. David L. Grigg Harry J. Haynsworth IV William A. Hirsch Thomas Swain Kale Arnold J. Kohn William A. Kyler Charles W. Mertel Robert K. Montgomery Robert K. Payson Walter W. Pyper, Jr. James P. Riley David Robinson II David G. Warren 1965 Peter B. Archie Joseph J. Brigati Peter Ogden Brown Patrick C. Coughlan William M. Curtis Thomas A. Edmonds Donald B. Gardiner Peter S. Gilchrist III Thomas W. Graves, Jr. James C. Hickey Jeffrey P. Hughes Frank W. Hunger Thomas C. Kleinschmidt William H. Lear David L. Lougee Douglas F. MacPhail Thomas P. Meehan Donald M. Mewhort, Jr. Richard M. Morgan Jay Edward Moyer Gary T. Nelms Thomas P. Owens, Jr. C. Nicholas Revelos John J. Rufe Ronald Seeber Gibson L. Smith, Jr. S. Berne Smith Ross Jordan Smyth G. William Speer * deceased

Edan G. Unterman Richard H. Vincent 1966 Burton L. Albert Richard M. Allen William J. Alsentzer, Jr. Charles D. Axelrod David B. Blanco Richard W. Buhrman Judson W. Detrick Michael W. Field Jerold A. Fink Henry H. Fox John Ganotis Anthony S. Harrington L. Mifflin Hayes Andrew S. Hedden Christopher J. Horsch Jonathan T. Howe E. Jeremy Hutton F. Sherwood Lewis Don Boyden Long, Jr. Michael F. Lynch James B. Maxwell Ralph L. McCaughan Jerry J. McCoy Daniel M. McDonald Peter J. Michel Roy W. Moore III Thomas H. Morgan Joel J. Morris David D. Noble Sidney J. Nurkin Carolyn M. Osteen Richard A. Palmer T. Stephen Phillips Thomas B. Pitcher T. William Porter III Peter L. Shaw Brian A. Snow Robert W. Spangler K. Morgan Varner III Douglas P. Wheeler Dale A. Whitman Donald F. Woodcock 1967 Reunion Co-Chairs: Daniel F. Bernard David W. Pancoast $290,800 Reunion Class Gift Total Richard G. Bacon W. Christopher Barrier Daniel F. Bernard John T. Berteau Carl E. Bolch, Jr. Robin Chambers Stephen M. Chiles Calvin J. Collier Norman G. Cooper Donald B. Craven James B. Craven III Linwood L. Davis William A. Davis II William Lyman Dillon Douglas A. Faulkner Joseph A. Fink Haley J. Fromholz

Curtis D. Genders Richard A. Gordon Thomas J. Gormley George G. Guthrie Robert J. Hackett Thomas A. Jorgensen Peter K. Lathrop Donald R. Lincoln John A. Lockwood George R. Mahoney, Jr. Antonio Mendes David Meyers Charles A. Moran Paul S. Nathanson William R. Norfolk David W. Pancoast Nathaniel G.W. Pieper F. Raine Remsburg Wayne A. Rich, Jr. Robert W. Rieder, Jr. William L. Riley Robert E. Sheahan, Jr. Homer G. Sheffield, Jr. Lanty L. Smith William H. Steinbrink Trawick H. Stubbs, Jr. John Craft Taylor Roger P. Thomasch William F. Womble, Jr. 1968 Carl F. Bianchi J. A. Bouknight, Jr. Christopher Q. Britton Donald B. Brooks John R. Brownell Charles B. Burton Thomas J. Clarke William E. Eason, Jr. Stuart M. Foss Robert Frey Robert K. Garro Gilbert L. Gates, Jr. Randall L. Hughes Stuart N. Hutchison III Charles O. Ingraham Lawrence M. Kimbrough John D. Kirby Walter O. Lambeth, Jr. Stephen W. Leermakers Carl F. Lyon Kent E. Mast Donald H. Messinger Walter G. Moeling IV Fred H. Moore Marilyn M. Norfolk William L. Patton Stephen P. Pepe William P. Pinna David E. Prewitt Gordon S. Rather, Jr. Edward A. Reilly O. Randolph Rollins James R. Safley Charles F. Sampsel Henry E. Seibert IV James L. Smith III William R. Stewart Ernest C. Torres Marlin M. Volz, Jr. Lynn E. Wagner

1969 James P. Alexander Joseph R. Beatty Charles L. Becton J. Sidney Boone, Jr. William H. Briggs, Jr. John A. Canning, Jr. Katherine M. Crowe James P. Davenport Norman E. Donoghue II James W. Dunlap Charles M. Firestone David E. Foscue Howard G. Godwin, Jr. L. Alan Goldsberry John M. Harmon Robert M. Hart Paul A. Hilstad John O. Hoos Jerry R. Jenkins R. Norman Junker David G. Klaber Joel M. Lasker David D. Laufer Robert S. Luttrell Robert A. Maynes James R. Moore Graham C. Mullen Donald B. Myers, Jr. Alexander D. Newton Michael F. O'Brien Wilson D. Perry David M. Powell Robert B. Pringle Michael C. Russ Dudley Saleeby, Jr. Toby L. Sherwood Young M. Smith, Jr. R. Keith Stark Wayne R. Vason Robert S. Warwick Thomas C. Worth, Jr. 1970 Stephen I. Ahlquist Howard J. Alpern H. Ross Arnold III Eugene E. Derryberry Rodney L. Eshelman Raymond Buck Ferguson Donald A. Frederick James C. Frenzel Earl W. Haffke James K. Hasson, Jr. George R. Krouse, Jr. Kenton L. Kuehnle Jeffrey R. Lapic Albert H. Larson III Robert H. Michelson Charles B. Neely, Jr. Michael A. Pearlman Robert J. Shenkin Lynn W. Southam William F. Stevens George L. Thompson Sue Ellen Utley

1971 Arthur A. Abplanalp, Jr. J. Ernest Baird R. Kennedy Bridwell Burton L. Bruggeman III Arthur W. Carlson W. Dayton Coles, Jr. Donald A. Daucher Kenneth F. Dornbush Christine M. Durham James R. Fox Karla Harbin Fox Richard S. Harwood Christopher N. Knight Philip C. Larson Randolph J. May H. Todd Miller Douglas B. Morton Steven Naclerio Henry J. Oechler, Jr. Richard L. Osborne Jerry P. Peppers Paul E. Prentiss Dale W. Read, Jr. Gail Levin Richmond Michael L. Richmond James A. Rydzel Bryan E. Sharratt David L. Sigler Walter A. Stringfellow III David L. Vaughan Brian D. Vaughn Barry J. Wendt J. Lofton Westmoreland John J. Witmeyer III David B. Wuehrmann Thomas Frank Zachman 1972 Reunion Chair: Michael L. Tanchum $210,320 Reunion Class Gift Total Thomas C. Barbour Thomas W. H. Barlow William C. Basney Robert B. Breisblatt Robert T. Brousseau W. Pitts Carr Larry E. Christensen D. Todd Christofferson Bernard B. Clark, Jr. Joseph E. Claxton Adelle Demko John D. Englar Ronald W. Frank William J. Gallwey III Charles D. Ganz Jeffrey P. Garton Paul A. Gottlieb William T. Graves, Sr. Rebecca T. Halbrook C. Marcus Harris Frederick E. Henry III Harry L. Hobgood A. Everett Hoeg III Richard D. Huff Samuel W. Johnson William J. Kimpton Glenn W. Letham Cym H. Lowell Paul C. Madden

Martin P. Marta Ivan Matusek Stephen Frank McLaughlin Joseph A. McManus, Jr. John G. McWilliams Amos T. Mills III Cary A. Moomjian, Jr. Glen A. Payne Jeffrey S. Portnoy Gregory G. Prasher Ronald L. Reisner Richard G. Rudolf Richard J. Salem Thomas H. Sear John A. Sherrill Karla W. Simon Susan P. Starling William H. Swan III Michael L. Tanchum James W. Ummer John R. Wester 1973 Sarah H. Adams William Henry Agee Kenny Washington Armstrong William Heywang Bayliss Daniel T. Blue, Jr. Dana G. Bradford II Donald Hess Brobst Jackson B. Browning, Jr. B. Bernard Burns, Jr. Donald Allen Burns John Richard Carney, Jr. John Edgell Crouch Robert Allen Dietz William Thomas Fahey II Donald James Fitzgerald Mark Stephen Foster Carl H. Fridy Pamela Brooks Gann James David Garrison Robert Thomas Gradoville S. Ward Greene Lee Louis Hale C. Wells Hall III Daniel John Hostetler William S. Jacobs Malcolm D. Johnson Richard M. Kennedy Eleanor D. Kinney Paul R. Koepff Lawrence J. Langer G. Thomas Love III James E. Luebchow David J. Naftzinger Jeffrey Scott Nickloy Calvin R. Phelan Michael H. Pope Roy R. Robertson, Jr. Cheryl S. Rome James Charles Roscetti Leonard B. Simon Halcyon E. Skinner Leslie E. Smith Kenneth G. Starling Kenneth W. Starr Richard Williams Stewart Letty M. Tanchum Robert L. Titley

Hugh Martin Turk Curtis A. Twiddy Donald R. Williams Paul E. Zimmer James B. Zimpritch 1974 Alfred G. Adams, Jr. Kenneth P. Adler Edna Ball Axelrod John Philip Bailly, Jr. John Calvin Beane Brenda B. Becton William P. Bennett James Wilson Berry, Jr. William Pomeroy Borchert John M. Bremer Colin Wegand Brown David L. Buhrmann Evelyn O. Cannon Candace M. Carroll Robert Reynolds Chase Philip Gary Cohen Curtis L. Collier John A. Decker Anne Maxwell Dellinger James Clifton Drennan Raymond Craft Dryer John Vincent Dwyer, Jr. John W. Edwards II James Robert Eller, Jr. Stuart F. Feiner Richard H. Freed Fred William Fulton Johnnie L. Gallemore Jr. James Garfield Good Donna C. Gregg Robert Edgar Gregg James C. Hardin, III William P. Healy David Richard Hillier L. Lynn Hogue David Edward Horvath Eric A. Houghton Ronald Robert Janke Jerry W. Jernigan Mark D. Kaufman, Sr. Robert Tilford Kofman Craig D. Leister Edward John Lesniak Jay Jordon Levin James J. Locher Donald John Logie, Jr. Ronald Moore Marquette Kenneth W. McAllister Edward A. McDermott, Jr. S. Lynn McLain Dean A. Messmer John Roberts Moffat R. Wade Norris Rory R. Olsen Marcus Sherman Owens Stephen Lewis Parr David R. Poe C. Richard Rayburn, Jr. Russell Bachman Richards William L. Rosenberg Irwin Neal Rubin John A. Sanders Ira Sandron

Peter Frederick Schenck Charles T. Sharbaugh Andrew Shaw Larry W. Shelton A. T. Sorrells Thomas C. Stevens Richard Eric Teller Jean Ellen Vernet, Jr. Patricia H. Wagner Donald W. Wallis Peter D. Webster Tommy Joe Williams Thomas W. Winland Frances Anne Zwenig 1975 Sara Beeland Anderson Lawrence Harris Babich Jon Paul Bachelder Richard J. Baxter Robert Andrew Baxter Gary K. Berman George F. Bihn III Richard Alan Bogue Martina L. Bradford Terry Walter Calderwood James H. Carll Bruce Allen Christensen Jack M. Combs, Jr. Timothy Joseph DeBaets George W. Dennis III Michael Fabian Fink James L. Fogle David B. Franklin Paul Jay Fukushima John A. Howell Alex Jay Hurder Charles Walter Kohler Gary G. Lynch John R. Miller Glenn R. Moran Francis H. Morrison III Ashmead P. Pipkin Danae Kay Prousis Michael C. Quillen Thomas S. Richey Richard C. Siemer Richard A. Sill Lawrence D. Steckmest Paul H. Tietz David M. Wiesenfeld 1976 Harris R. Anthony Todd Hunter Bailey Linna M. Barnes John Cole Beeler Peter Coleman Buck John Arthur Busch Denise Caffrey John Francis Callender Betsy Ida Carter Kenneth S. Coe, Jr. Dean M. Cordiano W. Robinson Deaton, Jr. Benito H. Diaz Paul B. Eaglin Raymond J. Etcheverry Ralph B. Everett Gail W. Feagles

Prentiss Eric Feagles Mark S. Fischer John Richard Flavin Karen Louise Gearreald Daniel William Gepford G. Richard Gesch John Bernard Gontrum Eric H. Halvorson Eric Peter Hansen Thomas Arthur Hanson Kenneth Charles Hunt Peter J. Kahn James H. Kizziar, Jr. Mitchell Kolkin Constantine Hanna Kutteh Thomas L. Lackey James Andrew Lewis Thomas D. Magill Kent L. Mann Robert Edward McCorry, Jr. John Thomas McFerrin Karen B. Pancost David Bruce Post Celia A. Roady Stephen Elston Roady Aron Morris Schwartz Bruce Sheridan Scolton Steven M. Shaber Harry Joseph Smith James E. Stephenson Kathleen A. Stephenson Robert T. Tally J. Alexander Tanford Clay B. Tousey, Jr. Samuel E. Tucker Edward Walter Vogel III Charles Kenneth Wiggins G. Gray Wilson 1977 Reunion Co-Chairs: Lea Courington David C. Pishko $342,113 Reunion Class Gift Total Ronald Evan Barab Donald Haskell Beskind Philip A. Bjorlo Henry David Blinder Mark Bookman Brenda Carol Brisbon Richard Allen Carbone Jeffery Mason Cook Larry Edward Coploff Lea Courington Timothy J. Curry Michael L. Eckerle David M. Eisenberg Michael A. Ellis Charles I. Epstein Donald M. Etheridge, Jr. Harold I. Freilich Marsha T. Gepford Raymond Hayes Goodmon III Maxine P. Gordon Brent S. Gorey John Michael Hartenstine Edward T. Hinson, Jr. Jay Roderick Hone Bruce Edward Johnson

Lauren Evans Jones Michael H. Kahn Carolyn B. Kuhl Pamela Knowles Lawrason Amy T. Levere Adele O. Levitt Dana N. Levitt Paul Vincent LiCalsi Susan Burnett Mansfield William A. Meaders, Jr. W. Edward Meeks, Jr. Timothy Elmer Meredith Heloise C. Merrill Janice L. Mills James L. Miraldi Christian J. Mixter Albert Garver Moore, Jr. David Eugene Morrison Robert G. Moskowitz Kenneth J. Nussbacher Susan Freya Olive J. D. Page James Wilson Parker William H. Pauley III Andrew J. Peck David C. Pishko Gary A. Poliner Kathleen Pontone George A. Purdy David C. Quast Charles L. Revelle III Stephen Clay Rhudy Paul Newton Riddle James Moran Shuler Robert E. Spring Rachel L. Steele Alan King Steinbrecher Michael H. Wald John L. Walker Kim W. West Mary Ellen C. Williams C. Thomas Work John Edward Zamer 1978 Jan M. Adler Jaime Eduardo Aleman William George Anlyan, Jr. Kenneth F. Antley Benita S. Baird Robert M. Blum Susan Brooks Richard W. Brunette, Jr. Jonathan Edward Buchan Deborah B. Charnoff Phillip Carl Christensen Reginald J. Clark Richard E. Connolly Rodney J.Dillman Michael Dockterman Steven R. Dottheim Susan L. Edelheit Mark A. Fishman Steven R. Gilford J. Andrew Goddard Barbara S. Gontrum Jonathan Matt Gross Ronald L. Harrop John Hasnas Michael P. Horan * deceased


Richard Alan Horvitz Marilyn H. Howard David W. Ichel Bruce Donald Jaques, Jr. Michael Jenkins Thomas E. Johnson James T.R. Jones Leslie P. Klemperer Howard L. Levin Gregory Scott Lewis Jane Makela CoraLynn H. Marshall Linda L. McCall Arthur Madden Miller Renee J. Montgomery Carlton H. Morse, Jr. Todd H. Newman Michael John O'Connor James E. Padilla David King Perdue Wendy C. Perdue Pamela O. Peters Chris A. Rallis Peter David Rosenberg John Richard Simpson, Jr. Stuart M. Stein Sarah Holzsweig Steindel Robert David Stets Karen Jackson Vaughn Richard J. Webb Gregory S. Wetstone Arthur Charles Zeidman Thomas Joseph Ziko 1979 Jean T. Adams Daniel David Addison Bruce W. Baber Louis Jay Barash Philip Ross Bevan Richard Dennis Blau Anne Marie Bradford Anthony H. Brett Valerie T. Broadie Lorynn A. Cone Jeffrey C. Coyne Laura B. Di Giantonio Carl W. Dufendach Elizabeth Hoyes Esinhart Kathryn S. Fairfield Alfred Luis Faustino Laura Marie Franze Mary Gallagher Kevin P. Gilboy Janis Caplan Gordon Richard Lee Grossman Robert T. Harper Jerry H. Herman Mark R. High Amy D. Hogue John Richard Holzgraefe Seth Harry Hoogasian Gary W. Jackson Margo E. Jackson Edward William Kallal, Jr. Sara B. Keller Benjamin C. Kirschenbaum Michael B. Lichtenstein Amy W. Liss Michael D. Lorton * deceased

Denise L. Majette Gray McCalley, Jr. David Welsh Morgan Solveig Jan Overby Michael James Pearce John Andrew Pelehach L. Timothy Portwood Gerald M. Rosen Howard Fred Rotto Sam D. Scholar Carl J. Schuman Barbara Ann Sprung Juliann Tenney Diane Rowley Toop Brian Thomas Tucker Jeffrey Mark Villanueva Charles Donald Vogel Steven D. Wasserman David Hilleary Wilder Jon Carl Yergler 1980 Nat Salvatore Amadeo Barbara D. Anderson Kim J. Barr Margreth Barrett Ellen J. Bickal Daniel S. Bowling III G. William Brown, Jr. Blain B. Butner Robert Allan Carson Kyle Anne Citrynell John Lawrence Crocker James T. Crouse Dara Lyn DeHaven David Dreifus J. Scott Dyer Stephen Q. Giblin Thomas William Giegerich John Edward Glancy Linda Boyd Griffey Eric James Holshouser Lori Terens Holshouser T. Patrick Jenkins Diane B. Kaplan Karl W. Kindig Justin Gregory Klimko James N. Leik Clifford B. Levine William B. Miller III Michael Paul Mirande Andromeda Monroe Claire Louise Moritz Paul J. Pantano, Jr. Happy R. Perkins Donald Lee Pilzer Mark J. Prak Fredric Alton Rollman Marjorie Stripling Schultz Lisa Margaret Smith Michael Stewart Thwaites Richard Scott Toop Robert W. Turken Fred Anton Ungerman, Jr. Kathryn Gray Ward Elizabeth M. Weaver William L. Webber Sally Brenner Wolfish

1981 David S. Addington Marshall S. Adler Paul H. Arne Thomas A. Belles Nancy T. Bowen Phillip W. Campbell Michael Lawrence Chartan Jonathan E. Claiborne John J. Coleman III Thomas E. Cone Timothy J. Corrigan Glenn Edward Cravez Michael Richard Dreeben Ted B. Edwards Patrick B. Fazzone David Alan Fine Linda Cox Fornaciari Russell Howard Fox Keith Eslin Gainey Carl R. Gold Abigail Teresa Reardon Gosnell David Douglas Gustafson David Lawrence Hankey L. Cecily Hines Brian J. Hostetler Ben Burke Howell Timothy T. Huber Kenneth A. Jones Stephen V. Kern Nancy H. Kerr Robert B. Krakow Jeffrey Paul Libson Michael Lee Lieberman Walter Marvin Lovett, Jr. Alan Scott Madans Gary D. Melchionni Craig Benton Merkle Paula Krahn Merkle David Edward Nash Robin P. Nash Kimberly Sue Perini David H. Potel Jane F. Rodas Mark William Ryan Bruce H. Saul James E. Schwartz Pamela K. Silverman Brian William Smith D. Charles Stohler Richard Lee Strouse David C. Tarshes Linda Weinstein Tucker Richard Palmer Vornholt Michael Lesley Ward Barry Elias Warhit Sharon K. Wasserman David J. Wittenstein 1982 Reunion Chair: John L. Hardiman $272,628 Reunion Class Gift Total Clifford R. Adler J. Bradford Anwyll Wade Edward Ballard James Edison Bauman Lorraine Shook Berkowitz Karen Koenig Blose

Glenn J. Carter Patricia A. Casey Eva P. Cederholm David Barry Chenkin Dirk G. Christensen Terrence Patrick Collingsworth J. Michael Dalton Michael Martin Darby E. Brian Davis Robert L. Dougherty Ruth Harriet Dukelow P. Brooks Eason Morris Arthur Ellison Carol Brittain Ervin Barbara Sara Esbin Thomas M. Ewing Vernon Allen Fagin David Samuel Felman Harry J. Finke IV Jean Swofford Firestone John A. Forlines III Richard Hugh Foster Sharon M. Fountain Elizabeth Agnew Galloway Ronald Lee Goldstein Thomas Roland Grady Charles Scott Greene Thomas Andrew Hale Andrew S. Halio Ruth Cohen Hammer John L. Hardiman P. Russell Hardin James B. Hawkins Martha J. Hays Mitchell Alan Horwich Richard Louis Horwitz Larry D. Irick Daniel S. Jacobs Sean Patrick Kennedy Michael Hugh Krimminger Jennifer Putman Kyner Donald C. Lampe Ronald Barry Landau Mary H. Friday Leadbetter Thomas W. Logue Richard Allan Lukianuk Ann L. Majestic Margaret Delong Martin Douglas L. McCoy Alan Scott Notinger James Russell Peacock III Susan Jean Platt Frederick Robinson Elizabeth Roth Peter Alan Sachs Hideyuki Sakai Stuart Frederick Schaffer Steven Alan Schneider Michael J. Schwartz Andrea Tracy Shandell Mark D. Shepard Arthur Bradley Shingleton Sharon P. Sivertsen I. Scott Sokol Jeffrey E. Tabak Joel B. Toomey Martha Jayne Wright James Frank Wyatt III Richard Craig Zeskind Lynette Remen Zinberg

1983 Dean W. Baker Kathryn Marie Battuello Coralyn Meredith Benhart Gary L. Benhart Patrice Travers Billings William A. Blancato David L. Blisk Neal Stephen Brody Duane E. Brown Mark Steven Calvert David B. Chaffin Lisa E. Cleary Linda M. Daniels Lynn Rosenthal Fletcher Robert Parker Fletcher Seth Lee Forman Benjamin Eagles Fountain III Dieter Fuellemann Robert W. Fuller III Susan Bennett Green Rondi R. Grey R. Douglas Harmon Scott Dean Harrington Kate Sigman Hendricks Paul Anders Hilding Dawson Horn III Charles Wilson Hurst Deborah J. Hylton William D. Jones III Nora M. Jordan Daniel Franklin Katz Christopher Charles Kerr John R. Knight Kenneth J. Kornblau Karl W. Leo Dianne C. Magee Richard David Magee, Jr. Jennifer D'Arcy Maher Michael Patrick Manning Beth Willard Miller Robba Addison Moran Patrick Timothy Navin Carlos E. Pena Stephen C. Peters Michael T. Petrik Deborah Ann Phillips James Geoffrey Prince Rebecca Davis Prince James C. Reilly Sally S. Reilly W. Allen Reiser III John F. Rigney Richard Franklin Riley, Jr. Mary Alice Robison Bruce Jay Ruzinsky Jeffrey S. Schloemer Richard Neal Sheinis Serena Gray Simons Thomas Arthur Simser, Jr. Charles E. Smith James Dale Smith Michael Lloyd Spafford John Clay Spinrad Robin B. Taub Laura Stuart Taylor Kathleen Ann Wechter John R. Welch Andrew Barrett Williams II Jay Warren Williams

1984 Virginia Cella Antipolo Gary Paul Biehn Margaret Carter Callahan Leslie Wheeler Chervokas James S. Christie, Jr. Ronald Louis Claveloux Brian Lee Dobben Jonathan L. Drake Barbara Tobin Dubrow David S. Eggert Joseph Davis Fincher Maria J. Fincher Donald Ray Fitzgerald Kurt W. Florian Jr. Duane M. Geck Hirofumi Goto Mitchell I. Horowitz Gary Adamson Jack Lauren W. Jones Gregory J. Kerwin Katharine Lord Klein Paul Allyn Kramer Kenneth J. Krebs Patricia B. Lehtola David M. Lockwood Christopher Wendel Loeb Ellen G. London Jeffrey Lewis London Lee Douglas Mackson Pope McCorkle III George C. McFarland Mark E. McGrady Mark Harris Mirkin Steven Paul Natko Gordon Matthew Orloff Peter Petrou Briget M. Polichene Margaret Jean Reinsch Cynthia Lynn Rerucha Robert P. Riordan R. James Robbins, Jr. Nancy Lee Ebert Scott Richard Stanley Smith, Jr. Patricia Ann Speth Jeffrey Alan Stonerock Donald R. Strickland Edward Sueta, Jr. Rebecca E. Swenson Shuji Taura Stephen Royle Van Arsdale Reba Hayes Warren C. Geoffrey Weirich William Emerson Wright 1985 Arthur H. Adler Linda Ann Arnsbarger Amy McCabe Baker Carla Jane Behnfeldt Janet Ward Black John W. Connolly III Tia Lynn Cottey Mary Woodbridge deVeer M. Frances Durden Caroline E. Emerson William Wallace Ford III Kip A. Frey Thomas J. Gorman Cameron S. Hamrick

Lynn G. Hawkins Michael Richard Hemmerich William W. Horton Arthur J. Howe Eric Alan Isaacson Gordon A. Kamisar Joel Kaufman Carolyn V. Kent Hidefumi Kobayashi Marianne Owens La Rivee J. Mitchell Lambros Gerald Anthony Lee David Samuel Liebschutz Elizabeth H. Liebschutz George Robert Loxton Eileen Marie Mallon Christopher D. Mangum Neil Douglas McFeeley Dana W. McKee John J. Michels, Jr. Pressly M. Millen Siobhan O. Millen William Douglas Morris James Robert Moxley III Jeffrey D. Nakrin Jonathan Paul Nase Nathan E. Nason Carol D. Newman Marshall David Orson Alan B. Perper William Keith Reidy Peter Glatz Rush Elizabeth Y. Schiff Rachel J. Setear Andrew Lewis Shapiro Kenneth D. Sibley Michael Stephen Smith Sonja Steptoe Charles Vuille Stewart Bellanne M. Toren Leslie Campbell Tucker III David P. Tuttle Darrell R. Van Deusen Paul R. Van Hook Bea L. Witzleben 1986 Elyce Stuart Abraham Alvaro Antonio Aleman Paula Marie Anderson Martin David Avallone Catherine D. Barshay Clifford A. Barshay Daniel B. Bogart Karen Lisa Brand Antonio B. Braz John D. Briggs, Jr. Rachelle Bromberg Janine Brown Patrick Joseph Butler, Jr. Michael C. Castellon Brent O.E. Clinkscale Ellen S. Coffey Ronald T. Coleman, Jr. Jane S. Converse Mark D. DeSantis Brett D. Fallon Ellen K. Fishbein Catherine Slawson Gim John F. Grossbauer

Christy M. Gudaitis Elizabeth Anne Gustafson Mark Daryl Gustafson Lyndall Jay Huggler Jeffrey D. Jones Peter Joseph Juran Christopher G. Kelly Christopher Mark Kelly Kermit Brian Kennedy M. Elise L. Kennedy Kelly J. Koelker Alexandra D. Korry Lisa Ann Krupicka Stephen A. Labaton Cristin C. Lambros Jeffrey T. Lawyer Karol Page Mack Elizabeth C. McColl Stephen C. Mixter Francis Joseph Mootz III Matthew Talbot Murphy Robin Panovka Barry G. Pea Anne W. Rajagopalan Mark D. Reeth Margaret N. Ruxton Daniel R. Schnur Caren A. Senter Nobuo Shimakawa Alexander Jackson Simmons, Jr. James D. Smith Jonathan Robert Spencer Paul Thomas Stagliano Adrian Steinbeisser Kristen Larkin Stewart Anne E. van den Berg Richard P. Virnig 1987 Reunion Co-Chairs: Alice H. Prater Harlan I. Prater IV $184,908 Reunion Class Gift Total Michael J. Andreana Amy Merrill Appelbaum John Robert Archambault Kichimoto Asaka David J. Berger Carl-David Birman Axel Bolvig III Deborah D. Brown Richard Ward Brown ToNola D. Brown-Bland Harry Eugene Bruns Steven Jewett Davis Frank Edwin Derby James C. Dever III David B. Falstad Ross Carey Formell R. Wilson Freyermuth, Jr. James Alec Gelin Lawrence Jonathan Goode Charles L. Grizzle, Jr. Susanne I. Haas Kathy Hanson Margaret Ellen Harper Robert E. Harrington Karis A. Hastings

Amy F. Hecht Eve Noonberg Howard Jasper Alan Howard Laurence Bryan Isaacson Robert J. Kashtan Ross N. Katchman John Richard Keller Jeffrey T. Kern Teresa B. Klinkner Carol Elizabeth Krueger Kevin Michael LeWinter David H. Lorig Stephanie A. Lucie Geraldine Mack Cynthia B. Maddox Robert L. Maddox, III Gary Edward Mason J. Parker Mason Bart Anton Matanic John Richard May, Jr. Robert S. McDonough Katsuyuki Murai Robert Harrison Nagle Gregory E. Neppl Paul G. Nofer Wendy Beth Oliver Katherine S. Payne Christopher J. Petrini Julie O. Petrini Alice H. Prater Harlan I. Prater IV Lindsey A. Rader Jane Emily Rindsberg Richard S. Robie III Bruce L. Rogers Susan Gwin Ruch Cheryl Feik Ryan Junya Sato A. Daniel Scheinman John Francis Sharkey Karen Wallach Shelton Laurel Ellen Solomon E. Blaine Stanley Tish W. Szurek Sherri W. Tatum W. Joseph Thesing, Jr. Penelope C. Trowbridge Michael K. Vernier J. Thomas Vitt III Alan D. Wingfield Emily O. Wingfield Yan Xuan 1988 Paul Dwight Anderson Erik O. Autor Timothy Andrew Baxter Philip Burgess Belcher Bradley Howard Blower Mark G. Califano Diane F. Covello Timothy John Covello Jonathan Michael Crotty Jody Kathaleen Debs Mark R. DiOrio David M. Feitel Margaret Ann Force David E. Friedman Kodwo P. Ghartey-Tagoe Scott Glabman

Marc E. Golden Mark A. Haddad Kathleen M. Hamm Paul Edwin Harner Robert M. Howard George Randolph James Emily V. Karr Susan Elizabeth Kinsella Martha Schauer Klinker John H. Kongable David Aaron Leff Linda H. McCown Karen M. Moran Kevin G. Mulcahy Robert J. Nagy Theresa A. Newman Frank Paiva, Jr. Suzan D. Paiva David Anderson Payne Lisa Lee Poole Gregory James Ruffa Lisa Grogan Sams Michael Paul Scharf Michael C. Sholtz Roger H. Stein Christopher J. Supple Akira Taguchi James Walker IV Melissa P. Walker Susan K. Weaver Beth D. Wilkinson T. Scott Wilkinson Young-Gak Ken Yun 1989 Susan Maxson Aldridge Scott A. Arenare John Stephen Barge Kathleen W. Barge Carl-Olof E. Bouveng Steven T. Breaux Kimberly A. Brown Michael Brian Carroll Brian C. Castello Lisa M. Crotty Alfonso de Orbegoso David Manning Driscoll Peter Andrew Evett Scott Alan Falk Lorin Monroe Feitel Michael L. Flynn Donna Elena Frosco Michael Grundei Sharon Carr Harrington Eric Lynn Hiser Michael K. Hoffman Ji Xiang Huang Irwin Townsend Hyatt III Kenji Kuroda Pauline N. Lee David M. Lieberman Wendy Sartory Link Yibing Mao Gregg R. Melinson Robert S. Michaels Eric Keith Moser Kenneth Alonzo Murphy Ann Marie Nader Allen W. Nelson John E. Pelletier * deceased


Jeffrey Stevens Perlee Susan M. Prosnitz Katherine McKusick Ralston Rose Kriger Renberg Mark J. Rosenberg Marsha A. Sajer Julie Anne Sandel Stewart M. Scott III Peter Jay Soloff Maria Benecki Sowders John R. Stark David Seth Starr Kate Susan Stillman Deborah Stone Paul K. Sun, Jr. Ichizo Takayama James E. Tatum, Jr. Malcolm Andrew Verras Patricia Johnson Warren Danian Zhang 1990 John W. Alden, Jr. Darius K. Amjadi Barbara A. Baccari David Michael Battan Gregory S. Baylor Renee Elizabeth Becnel Karen R. Cashion Bernard H. Chao W. Scott Creasman Henry De La Garza John Sabine DeGroote Donald P. Dietrich II Kristyn E. Dietrich Michael D. Evers Peter R. Franklin Bradley B. Furber Stephen J. Gilhooly Caroline B. Gottschalk Jill Cheryl Greenwald Joel J. Greenwald John R. Hairr III James J. Hoctor Val Richard Hoyt Michele R. Hudsick Susan Schweinberg Jackson Jonathon H. Kaplan Amy Beth Kraham Bradley A. Krouse Charles C. Lucas III Audrey LeVine Manicone Sally J. McDonald Michele A. Mobley Donald M. Nielsen Charles Mark North Deanna T. Okun Patricia Ryan O'Meara William Thomas O'Neil Martin Schaefermeier Susan Alfred Schechter Julie Ann Schejbal Jacqueline O. Shogan Michael Guido Silver Brian Michael Simkin Laura Lynn Smith Jeffrey C. Snapp Junichi Tanaka Rhonda Joy Tobin Robert A. Van Kirk * deceased

Tracy Goad Walter Kathleen A. Wasch Debra M. Watton Michael J. Watton Joseph Camden Wilson IV Michele Jordan Woods Muhua Yu 1991 Juan F. Aleman Amanda E. Allen William J. Ballou W. Iris Barber Calvin B. Bennett, III Thomas J. Biafore William Lee Bostleman Gary R. Brock Douglas L. Brooks Louis S. Citron David Tracy Cluxton Anne E. Connolly Colm F. Connolly Bonnie Freeman Davis Charles Santo Detrizio Paul F. Dudzic Erica Lynn Edwards C. Barr Flinn Stanley Martin Gibson David Allen Greene John R. Guidry Jennifer G. Hays Susan L. Heilbronner Pamela Lohr Hendrix Hiroyuki Hosoi Jane Elizabeth D. Huff Evy M. Jarrett Aaron W. Kann Koji Kawai Ronald J. Krotoszynski, Jr. Gregg Allen Landau Eric Neil Lieberman Trent William Ling Barbara Caridad Matthews William Joseph Metcalf Angela L. Moody Makoto Okui Douglas S. Phillips Rita K. Purut Andrew Michael Ray Andrew Neil Rosenberg James S. Rowe Hitoshi Sato Amy Beth C. Slutkin Andrew G. Slutkin Juraj Strasser Hiroko Tanaka James S. Toscano Theron McKean Van Dusen 1992 Reunion Co-Chairs: Landis Cox Best Jay S. Bilas $131,422 Reunion Class Gift Total Ernest Edward Badway Jennifer E. Baltimore Daniel Scott Berman Karen Ann Bussel Berman Landis Cox Best

John J. Bowers Laura S. Bradley Hans J. Brasseler Roxanne E. Cenatempo Jayne H. Chapman Kristin Ramsey Clyde Thomas MacIver Clyde Jon Edward Cohen Philip J. Combs Kenneth Duncan Crowder Frederick J. Diab Christopher A. Donesa John K. Eason Kevin Edward Flynn Bertold K Frisch Eri Furukawa Sandra J. Galvis John D. Gardiner Martina M. Garris-Bingham Izuru Goto Mary Lynne Grigg B. Brett Heavner Douglas H. Hsiao Ann Hubbard Todd Michael Hughes Masayuki Izumi Douglas H. Jackson William Stuart Jackson N. Anthony Jeffries Cynthia Groomes Katz Tomohiko Kimura Catherine M. Kirk Julia K. Kirkendall Jennifer D. Knapek Robert E. Kohn Jonathan Gardner Lasley Troy Matthew Lovell Brendan F. Macaulay David R. Mandelbrot Tracy Traynham Marshall Omar Y. McNeill Eugene Lester Miller Henry Jerome Mims Sean Patrick Moylan Jay Brian Must Leisl N. Must Sarah Lindgren Nussbaum John R. O'Connor David Keith Park Anuja G. Purohit Cliona Mary Robb Glenn R. Sarno Michael S. Sherman Jolene J.H.L. Sinke-Tribble Scott Woodard Stevenson Andrea G. Taber Edward H. Trent Bradford J. Tribble Paul S. Veidenheimer Kathleen P. Wilson 1993 Syed Nadeem Ahmad Sofie Maria Margaretha Ameloot-Camp Jonathan S. Aronie Frances Lowenfield Blair Susan B. Bock Jacqulynn M. Broughton Teresa DeLoatch Bryant

Philip Adam Cooper Thaxter Angenilla Cooper Kelly Capen Douglas Bruce A. Elvin Catherine Stanton Flanagan Alan M. Gallatin Amy Ruth Gillespie Charles Alan Grandy Lisa A. Harig Cynthia Ming-Wai Ho Lynn Halpern Lederman David J. Lender Rebecca A. Denson Nelson Michael F. Newbold Mary Margaret Ogburn Frances H. Pratt Edward Minor Prince, Jr. Roxane Frances Reardon Susan Maria Gisela L. Redick Todd M. Reed Edward Hutchinson Robbins, Jr. Keith Alan Smith Jim O. Stuckey II Lodewijk D. Van Setten Jay Garrett Volk Suzanne J. Wasiolek Eric L. Webb Ilene T. Weinreich Keith E. Wexelblatt Toshiaki Yamada Jonathan Marc Zeitler Darrell David Zurovec 1994 Susan L. Abbott Amy Marie Allen Michael W. Balfe Allison R. Beakley William Scott Bloom Cynthia H. Burnett Valerie Y. Busch Gregory Stephen Camp James Tomlinson Carr Randall Lee Clark Michelle J. Contois Go Daimon Brian McCracken Daucher Anne L. Dollard Michael J. Elston Richard J. Ferris, Jr. Junko F. Funahashi Paul R. Genender Eileen King Gillis Reena N. Glazer Randall David Grayson Ivan P. Harris Noriko Higashizawa W. H. Johnson III Deborah Lynn Kuhn Carol Williams Lally Kevin M. Lally Jennifer V. Lange John R. Lange Silvina Leone Carol Elizabeth Lockwood David Curtis Nelson Douglas B. Neu Jason G. New Jennifer M. New

Rosalind M. Parker Laurie Cooper Putthoff Elizabeth Hitchins Quigley Leonard Matthew Quigley Katherine D. Ringness Michael J. Sorrell Bruce Richard Spicer Lisa Patterson Sumner Martha Wach Matthew Ernest Watson Kenji Yoneda Alana B. Zielinski 1995 Anne Micheaux Akwari Gregory V. Brown Kelly S. Browne Kenneth W. Bullock Mark R. Busch John V. Coburn James A. Davlin V Adrian E. Dollard Helen Irene Dooley Brian L. Doster Duane D. Draper Marc Eumann Thomas J. Fitzpatrick, Jr. Maria M. Fleury-De-Halvorssen Myra Maureen Frazier Manuel Constantin Frick Alexander Glashausser Jonathan A. Gluck Gates E. Grainger Matthew J. Gries Andres Halvorssen Villegas Kimberly A. Hendrix Jeannine C. Jacobson Justin D. Jacobson Kensei Kawaguchi Masahiro Kihara Erika Fisher King Megan A. Kraai Phyllisina L. Vinson Leslie David Jon Levine Michael Martin Lowe Andrew Edward Miller Jackson Wyatt Moore Maurine Mills Murtagh Richard J. Peltz Alejandro Posadas Julie Hauschild Richardson Anne Wilhoit Sherley Frederick H. Sherley Quin P. Snyder Yoshishige Suzuki Anita L. Terry Mark T. Uyeda Robert Clarence Vincent III Subhash Viswanathan Frederick L. Williams, Jr. Brian Matthew Wyatt Larry L. Wyatt Nancy J. Wyatt Hitomi Yoshida 1996 Eric T. Andrews Sylvia C. Audigier-Putnam Paul A. Brathwaite Norifumi Chimoto

Nalina V. Chinnasami Loren Montgomery Clark Jason D'Amico Michelle M. Davis David M. Elliott Allison N. Estell Janice L. Griffin Thomas Lawton Harper, Jr. Reed J. Hollander Steven Ryan Hunter Mary Lucile Johnson Junichi Kobayashi Lynn Ane Leubuscher Karen A. Magri Linda H. Martin Angus Nabers McFadden Christopher B. McLaughlin Steven D. Moore Erik A. Moses Pamela Catherine Polacek Robert Jordan Sims Preston Michael Ross Putnam Chiyong Rim Michael A. Samway Robert J. Sayre Robert G. Schaffer Lynn-Anne M. Schow C. Brooke Temple III Kevin T. Vilke Edward H. White Mary K. Newcomer Williams Christian Douglas Wright 1997 Reunion Co-Chairs: Robert R. Ghoorah Julie A. Russell $57,345 Reunion Class Gift Total Maggie Hughey AbuHaidar Phillip David Allen Francisco D. Almaguer Christopher M. Bass Charles David Broll, Jr. Alan J. Chadd Larissa Marie Cochron Kimberly K. Egan Anne E.K. Emmert David Ruben Esquivel Erin S. Gaddy Heather L. Gaede Arthur L. Gallagher Robert R. Ghoorah Allyson C. Grainger Derrick Norman David Hansen Kirkland L. Hicks Jennifer A. Jenkins Faith D. Kasparian Matthew T. Kirsch Geoffrey R. Krouse David Harris Morgenstern Kazutaka Nakamizo Nathalie Neveux Atsuko Y. Nishigaki Patricia Taibo Northrop Tina S. Patel James R. Pomeranz Nelson M. Reid Evan B. Rice Jeremy B. Rosen

David Michael Rubenstein Julie A. Russell Jason M. Satsky Michelle R. Seltzer Mark A. Stoleson Elizabeth C. Stone Gillian W. Thackray Shannon Saalfield Thompson Angelica M. Trujillo Diane P. Tso Brennan Barr Tucker Rashad Wareh Caitlin A. Wheeler Clay C. Wheeler Alan L. Whitehurst Robert A. Wrzosek Jennifer Lynn Yelton 1998 Geoffrey W. Adams Heather Bell Adams Taylor M. Albright Ainagul Z. Alimanova Satoshi Aratani David Warren Archey Melissa I. Attar Myla D. Barefield Lauralyn E. Beattie Nicole J. Becton Douglas W. Blews Victor Bongard III William M. Boyd Ellen D. Bryant Shawn Derek Bryant Robert A. Buchholz Megan Lejeune Carlyle Rafael J. Chavero Gazdik Lafayette L. Crump Joseph P. Cunningham Mark Francis Daly Fred Ebrahemi Gretchen Eisenach Robert Christopher Ekstrand Marianne Faessel-Kahn Mark S. Filipini Jennifer Lynne Franklin Emily B. Friedman Andrew Stewart Gold Jeffrey Bauer Horton Soo Hyun Im Kenichi Inagawa Seth Hillel Jaffe Rachael Dianne Kent Amy Beth Kiesel Yoshinori Kigawa Kazuyoshi Komatsu Jane R. Langdell Baekgyu Lee Miranda K. Mitchell Seiji Miyasaka Arden T.A. Phillips Julie Adams Proudfit James E.B. Sanders Kimberly Jeanne Schaefer Kenneth R. Schwartz Sharad K. Sharma Ting-Ting Shi Tetsuo Shimizu Tanya R. Smith Sarah Kathleen Solum

Patricia Tilley Song Jocelyn E. Strauber Kerri J. Stroupe Raul Valles, Jr. Tricia B. Valles Carol A. Von Urff Benjamin Earl Fossum Waller Alison H. Wallis Darren C. Wallis Jonathan Joseph Walsh C. Talley Wells, Jr. Lee Ann Wheelis Gialisa E. Whitchurch Sarah E. Winslow Lisa S. Zana Kevin Zolot 1999 Scott H. Allan Jr. Michael J. Anstett Norwood P. Blanchard III David K. Bowsher Gwendolyn Cochran Brooks Donald T. Brosius Chad D. Burkhardt Erika F. Burkhardt Elizabeth Fitzpatrick Calders Mercedes J. Caravello Leslie P. Carnegie Augusto Francisco Cauti Susan K. Chasnov Michael J. Chiaravalloti Theresa M. Claffey Howard A. Cohen David Alan Dixon Pascal C. Duclos David W. Dummer Gary Edward Eisenberg David P. Eldersveld Tamara D. Free Brooks Theodore Giles Christopher M. Golden Jonathan David Gonce Amyn Hassanally Katsuyuki Hata G. Christopher Holland J. Andrew Hutton Abigail D. Kahl Wendy E. Kamenshine Masaki Kanehyo Craig S. Kornreich Alvin Kheng-Leong Lim Thomas E. Loeser Alan L. MacCracken III Jonathan A. MacDonald Kimberly S. May Timothy J. McCarthy Andrew Jacob Miller Hideki Nasu James H. O'Doherty Masahiro Ouchi Jennifer Ann Paisner Benjamin J. Priester Lisa L. Reichmann Julie M. Riewe Eric S. Ritvo Michelle M. Rothenberg Paul G. Rozelle Susan D. Rozelle Valerie S. Sanders

Georg F. W. Schaeffler John L. Shepherd, Jr. Dara Steele-Belkin Christopher Thomas Stidvent Gabrielle A. Sudik Jennifer L. Sullivan Morgen Anne Sullivan Welly Tantono Pamela D. Thacker Amy Elizabeth Vieta Ido Warshavski Seth Alain Watkins Jeffrey B. Welty Charles J. Wichmann Lisa D. Wright Anne Therese Wynne 2000 Gregg S. Behr Douglas W. Benson Mark Lawrence Bieter James Hugh Bingham Paul E. Booth Virginia D. Brunelli Michael L. Buckler Julie L. Chambers Roderick T. Chen Y. Lin Chua Nicole Rai Clement M. Farley Collins Albert G. Courie III Kevin M. Cuddy Jill Felice Dash Scott W. Dodson Atiba Rondell Ellis Frederic David Fenton Matthew A. Fischer Jacqueline Elise Goldberg Jason Wells Goode Robert Toms Gray Felipe Guzman Rencoret George Hacket Angine M. Harriott Michael R. Heath Jeremy J. Hilsman Hugh Hollman Elizabeth Anne Holt Elisabeth Joy Jaffe Antionette Yolanda Jones William P. Kahn Brian D. King Kerry Allyson Krentler Alison M. Krouse Elizabeth Emeline LaMacchia Wolfgang Lehning Adam G. Linett Jennifer N. Locke Patrick M. Manseau Hiroshi Mori David E.U. Morris Connie P. Neigel William Roy Nifong Namiko Onuma Michael D. Perry Dustin B. Rawlin Sarah E. Schott Mariya Seacrest Scott Joseph Spiegelman Jeremy Todd Steele Frederic T. Tenney

Vincent Tortorella Frances Proctor Turner Alice J. Walker L. Neal Wheeler Catherine F. Young 2001 Kamla G. Alexander Sandra Good Alley Heinrich Erwin Baelz Julie V. Bickham Kristi Lynn Bowman Amy L. Buckler Hojin Chang Amberly Lynn McCoy Donath Tabor J. Dorsey Courtney N. Duke Samantha J. Ekstrand Courtney R. Fauntleroy Jessie C. Fontenot, Jr. Kathleen E. Fuller Neal A. Gordon William A. Haddad Linda N. Hayes Carolyn Y. Heyman Jamila Z. Hoard Adam S. Hoffman Nathalina A. Hudson Julia K. Huff Shymeka L. Hunter Ayumu Iijima Nae Iijima John N. Kandara Randall D. Katz Kasel E. Kennerly Kiyoung Kim Jean-David H. Larson Gena B. Lavallee Sarah W. Leung Erin K. Lovall Johan F. Mattsson Marina Mazor Christine A. Mikulich Tracey A. Moriarty Kenji Nagasawa Yevgeniya Rebotunova J. Evans Rice Faye L. Rodman Michael Gerard Scally Nancy Nell Scott Cambria A. Smith Joy D. Strasnick Keith A. Talbot William Robert Terpening David Vallarino-Hernando Clay M. West A. Kate White Claire B. Wofford 2002 $28,797 Class Gift Total Michael A. Alrutz Aboli Amarapurkar Elizabeth L. Anderson Adam H. Arkel Guilhermo A. Auler Adwoa M. Awotwi Masahiko Bannai Kimberly A. Bart * deceased


Heather M. Bell Robert H. Bell Alison W. Benge Cristiano Bernarde Livia Daisy Birtalan R. Peter Bogue David C. Boles Andrew H.R. Brown Holly J. Caldwell Lisa M. Campoli Amy Beth Carper Andrew Lu-Young Chang Conway Chen Elaine Chin Christine R. Chobot Alicia M. Corbett Rachel Adams Crowley Lisa M. Cylus Mia Dassas Charles Davant Joshua A. Davenport Forrest J. Deegan John Garo Derderian Adam J. DiVincenzo Randall T. Dingle Drew D. Dropkin Catherine S. Duval Sarah A. Dylag Joseph N. Eckhardt William A. Edison Christopher M. Evans Daniel J. Foster Cara Marie Franklin Kurt A. Friesen Aaron M. Futch Leonard Montreal Garside John F. Garvish Andrea M. Ghoorah Clara Granier Anne Roderick Grayson David A. Grenardo Elena Grigera Andrew E. Grimmig Brian P. Guarraci Alison Marie Haan Jaime S. Hammer Zachariah L. Harrington Kenneth Rhyne Harris Marcella Ann Harshbarger Analice Hegg Cara D. Hinshaw Francine A. Hochberg Clevonne M. Houser Jennifer E. Hu Shao-Wen Hu Rolfe I. Hubley Harry L. Hutchinson Robert A. Hyde Yo Iizuka Jungsoo Im Victoria P. Jalo Sang-Soo Jun Marija Karanikic Kate Jordan Kelley Denali A. Kemppel Sebastian Kielmanovich David Kim Michael Won-Shik Kim Mark W. Kinghorn Aya Kobori * deceased

Albert Z. Kovacs Gitanjali Lakhotia Federico C. Lander Andrea L. Lasker Roberto Mario Lima Neto Karen E. Lindsey Robert A. Long Pamela C. Mallari Ko Matsui Thomas M. McDermott Lindsey H. McGinnis Meg McKnight Peter J. McNulty Emilio Mena Jennifer L. Merzon Steven J. Mesnick Marlon D. Moffett Felipe Montero Thomas B. Mulhern Hiroshi Murakami Daniel Nassar Julie Ann Nayar Searle Palle S. Nielsen Dalia Oestreicher Oliver Oosterbaan Youngho Park Alina S. Pastiu Kevin L. Paul Pedro Perez Hope Elizabeth Stuart Perry Iliana L. Peters Kowisa Pimolpan Robert Ferdo Pluscec Meghan E. Pound Sarah M. Pryor Michele L. Purdue Dean Mark D. Rambler Evan S. Reed Amy E. Richardson Augusta M. Ridley Amy S. Rosensweig Daniel Rosenthal Jennifer A. Ruiz Jonathan T. Ryan Katherine E. Saitas Rachael Gayza Samberg Katharine A. Schkloven David C. Searle David A. Shuford Mark A. Simmelkjaer Ariane J. Sims Mary Beth Steele Shannon Wells Stevenson Heather L. Stewart Dong Chun Suh Jennifer L. Tomsen Kerry M. Tynan Nwabundo E. Ume-Nwagbo Amy Lynn Van Middlesworth Anne Marie Verschuur Stacey O. Walker Diana M. Weed Eric Weil Mathilde Hout-Weil Jennifer L. Westerhaus Christy E. Wetzel Susan E. Wood Rolando A. Zambrana Heather G. Zierak

2003 Sharon L. Cummings Paul R. Ervin, III Amy L. Killoran Stuart D. Louie Maranda K. Whitener 2004 Christopher P. Fazekas Terry T. Tucker Friends of Duke Law School 20th District Bar Association Thomas R. Adams Anthony J. Adinolfi, Jr. Catherine A. Admay Aidswalk Onye E. Akwari James G. Aldridge Jeanne B. Alexander Mr. and Mrs. Lex Alexander Mr. and Mrs. Scott H. Allan Laura Allen American General Corp. Andersen Foundation Carol W. Anderson William B. Anderson Elaine Anlyan Anonymous Sheryl Anspaugh Mariko Aratani Alexandra Armstrong Carol R. Armstrong Ellen T. Armstrong Claire L. Arnold Kathleen W. Ashton The Atlantic Philanthropies AT&T Foundation Ron Attar Ayco Charitable Foundation Patricia C. Ayres Anne Adams Baade Cynthia G. Baber Elizabeth S. Bacon Ellen A. Bailey Barbara Baker Cynthia Lee Baker Baker & McKenzie Katherine E. Ballou Bank of America Foundation Susan Barlow Penelope M. Barnett Susan T. Bart John Alexander Bartlett Katharine T. Bartlett Patricia A. Bartlett Leonard J. Bartoszewicz, Sr. Lori Ann Bauman Lynn Digby Baxter Ann Palmer Bayliss Duncan M. Beale Sara Sun Beale Joan P. Beber Beckley Area Foundation Pamela J. Beeler Peter Behrens Jeffrey Alan Belkin BellSouth Corporation Lloyd D. Berkowitz Beth J. Berman

Dale S. Bernard Mark P. Bernstein Janie Bezanson Thomas E. Bezanson Mary Duke Biddle Foundation Julia G. Biehn Mary Ann G. Biggs Rhoda B. Billings Sheila Regan Bjorlo David R. Blair Bernard M.B. Blanchard Blanchard Fund Edna Earle Blue Charles J. Bock, Jr. Susan Bass Bolch Brian W. Bolster Bond Market Association Julia A. Borbely-Brown Kristen Eastwood Bowers Donna P. Bradford David F. Bradley Rudolph William Bramberg III Sonya T. Brathwaite Marjorie L. Breisblatt Sharon A. Bremer Gail Fox Briggs Bristol-Myers Squibb Foundation Shepard Broad Foundation Brobeck, Phleger & Harrison LLP Foundation Daniel Scott Brooks Amy Margaret Brown Cynthia Porter Brown Nancy S. Brown P. Anita Brown Susan Pollard Browning Alma Lucille Buck Cynthia Jones Buck Judith Buhrman Stuart Upchurch Buice Babette Feldman Burdman Burlington Industries Foundation Dr. and Mrs. Donal Joseph Burns Patsy L. Burns Ann B. Bussel Michael R. Byers Susan A. Calderwood California Federal Bank Susan Carithers Callender Rosemary Anne Calvert Canning Foundation Rita Podjasek Canning Charles A. Cannon Trust #3 Katherine A. Carnahan Bessie M. Carrington Paul D. Carrington Jean M. Cary Dorothy S. Caudle David Stanley Cecelski Daniel John Cenatempo Centenary United Methodist Church Laurel R. Chadwick Charleston Jewish Federation Owen Cheatham Foundation Deborah Chiles Amy L. Chua

CIGNA Foundation Pablo Cisilino Danielle M. Citron Charles M. Clark, Jr. Dylan Clark The Cleveland Foundation Ruth A. Clifford The Coca-Cola Company Coca-Cola Enterprises Inc. Mary Evans Collier Communities Foundation of Texas Community Foundation of Louisville Depository Community Foundation for Greater Atlanta Inc. Community Foundation of Greater Greensboro Inc. Community Foundation of Western North Carolina Paula Connor-Crouch Covington & Burling James D. Cox John T. Cox Rebecca S. Coyne Crape Myrtle Festival Sara Harris Craven Marie Lucille Crawford John K. Crowe CSX Corporation Eugene M. Cummings Julie D. Cunningham Tom Daniel Richard A. Danner Lynn M. Daucher Nancy G. Davenport Mary Ellen Davies Elizabeth Heefner Davis Lori Lynne Davis Martha Davis Thomas Fletcher Davis Davis Charitable Lead Trust Walter E. Dellinger III Deborah A. DeMott Joanne B. Derryberry Diane Dimond Karen Elisabeth Dixon Robert W. Donath Jan Donnelly Kelly Elise Dooley Dorsey & Whitney Foundation Anne C. Drennan Laura K. Drey Irene Dudek The Duke Endowment Duke Energy Foundation Rebecca W. Dukes George Homer Durham, II Judith Harris Eason Martha L. Edmonds Katharine T. Edmunds-Byers Elizabeth Eife-Johnson Paula J. Eisenberg Mary Alice R. Elkins Diane F. Ellis Linda Englar Joanne Ernteman Rodney L. Eshelman Katherine D. Esquivel Dalby Chandler Etheridge

Mark Tobin Everett Evers Legal Search Exxon Mobil John R. Fairfield Faith Bell Trust Randi Feiner David S. Feinman Mary A. Ferguson Fidelity Foundation Fidelity Investments Charitable Gift Fund First Union Foundation Imogene P. Flick Carol F. Fischer Mr. and Mrs. Peter G. Fish Jill I. Fishman Kathleen Furnett Flavin Bonnie S. Fleming Florida Supreme Court Historical Society Anne R. Forlines Foundation for the Carolinas Martin D. Fox Fox Family Foundation Inc. Marsha K. Frank James Fraser Cynthia Lee Whittemore Frederick Eric Martin Free Susan Berg Frenzel Ken Frey Meredith Frey Susanne Christine Freytag Jean Louderback Fridy Marilyn Friedman Anita Bridgman Fromholz Mr. and Mrs. Koichiro Fujikura Takaaki Fujimoro JoAnne Miller Gaede Linda G. Garro Jeffery L. Geller General Electric Company Sarah Elizabeth Gibson Anne Phillips Byrd Gilchrist Anne Johnson Gilford Roxie B. Gilman GKN Foundation Emily S. Glaze Glenn, Mills & Fisher, P.A. Mary Ann M. Godwin Goldman Sachs & Company Gwen Goldstein Susan Summerlin Goodmon David N. Gordon Joyce N. Gordon Nannette Wallace Gorman Linda A. Gottlieb Mr. and Mrs. Herman Grad Kevin B. Granger Sara S. Graves Sara T. Graves Carolyn F. Gray Mr. and Mrs. George Grenzke Betsy L. Griffin Priscilla G. Griffin Dorothy Grimsley Jeanne Grogan Roy J. and Jeanne Grogan Family Foundation Janet Benson Grossman

Mary Louise & Maurice W. Grumbles Foundation James V. Gudaitis Mr. and Mrs. John A. Guenther Guilford College Elizabeth P. Gulley William H. Gulley Lucy Haagen Paul H. Haagen Jane Trantham Hahn John S. Hahn Michael J. Hannon Laura Catherine Hanson Donna L. Hardiman Barbara Hardin Susan Fee Harper Diana C. Harris Penelope Harrison Donna May B. Harrop Kathryn D. Hart Karen L. Hartz Lucy H. Harwood Jayne Young Hasson Clark C. Havighurst Karen W. Havighurst Lark Hayes Murray M. Helm Cynthia C. Hemmerich Willie Gordon Hendricks Barbara Lynn Henkel Barbara D. Henkel Vallie J. Henry Tony Henson Linda S. Herman Beverly B. Hicks M. Lawrence Hicks, Jr. Lucille M. Hillman Rebecca Hilstad Irma Lou Hirsch Rosita King Ho Foundation Jon T. Hoffman Harriet T. Holderness Sandi Holzgraefe Frances Borland Horack Donald L. Horowitz Judith A. Horowitz Marcy R. Horvitz Richard & Marcy Horvitz Foundation Sherry B. Horwich Rebecca B. Houghton Lois H. Howe Regina D. Howell Margaret Hu Harvey C. Hubbell Trust Jason P. Huff Bettysue Hughes Hunton & Williams IOLTA Board Of Trustees Hiroshi Ishibashi Mr. and Mrs. Steve Israel Jacksonville Community Foundation Janis Fisher Jenkins Susan N. Jernigan Jewish Communal Fund Jewish Community Federation of Cleveland Eleanor Cullen Johnson

Johnson & Johnson Velma H. Johnson Margaret H. Jorgensen Carlotta Satterfield Kale Cynthia Reid Kallal Jeannette S. Kamil Lawrence Jeffrey Kaplan Diane A. Kaufman Mary Eskridge Keiler John S. Keller Lieselotte Kemper Carla O. Kennedy Nannerl O. Keohane Robert Keohane Susan H. Ketner Key Foundation Ketkia J. Kimbrough King & Wood Law Firm Benedict Kingsbury Mari Kinoshita Mr. and Mrs. William J. Kirby Catherine Irwin Klaber Emily Turner Knight Christie K. Knudsen Laura C. Kohler Thomas L. Kosempa John A. Koskinen Patricia Koskinen Leslie Philipson Krakow Susan N. Krouse Satoshi Kurokawa La Macchia Family Foundation Ginger Lambeth Rosalind Lane Pat Larson Jorlee Williams Lear Ingrid Lee Susan E. Leister Edna Keiser Leo Roberta M. Letham Angela Rose Levin Rosanne Levine Shirley P. Levine Sanford V. Levinson Constance Brown Lewis Christian Alexander Libson Margaret D. Lindner Siauw A. Ling Kostas Liopiros Richard Lischer Mary H. Lloyd Charlotte H. Locher Barbara H. Lockhart London Drugs Foundation Marianna Marshall Long Joseph Lookofsky Lord Abbett & Company Lorman Education Services Louis-Dreyfus Corporation Nancy B. Lowell Rita Ann Lowndes Marian P. Lowry Lee Ann C. Lukianuk Donna Buonanno Luttrell Martin E. Lybecker Maryann Lyon Gertrude Juliett MacPhail Janice F. Madden Tracy Madsen Sally Magill

Henry W. Majestic Carolyn L. Mann Betty M. Marquise Roger L. Marshall Brook W. Martin Lora F. Mason Mathis-Pfohl Foundation Richard C. Maxwell Maxwell Family Trust Laurie E. May Mayer Brown Rowe & Maw Mary Elaine Mays Mary Jo McCalley Susan B. McCaughan Wendy J. McCorkle J. Parrish McCormack Mr. and Mrs. Paul D. McCusker Eugene J. McDonald Steven Jagger McDonald Francis E. McGovern, II Jennifer Mary McGovern McGuireWoods LLP Mary L. McKee Gail Singletary McLean Karen M. Melchionni Carlos Mendes Brenda S. Merchant Nancy Mertel Claudia F. Metcalf Metropolitan Life Foundation Martha M. Mewhort Michelson Law Office John R. Miller June L. Miller Alice N. Mine William A. Montague Charles H. Montgomery Charles W. Mooney, Jr. Margaret T. Moore Megan Bishop Moore Moore & Van Allen, PLLC Carol Preston Morgan J.P. Morgan & Company J.P. Morgan Chase Foundation Hajime Morikagi B. Wistar Morris, III Madeline Morris Sally M. Morrison Morrison & Foerster Nathan Gibson Morrow Kenneth C. Morton Robert P. Mosteller Thomas J. Murtagh Barbara F. Musselwhite Takaaki Muto National Business Institute National Lawyers Association Foundation Emily B. Neblett Jack F. Neigel Harriet Gould Nesbitt New York Stock Exchange Foundation Margot M. Nicholson Alice Noble Donald E. Noble* Gayle E. Noble North Carolina Biotechnology Center

Northwestern Mutual Life Foundation Carol L. O'Brien Occidental Petroleum Charitable Foundation Kathleen C. O'Connor Mary N. P. Oglesby Bernard Robert Okun Open Society Institute The Estate of Nicholas Orem Margaret K. Orson Carol C. Osborne Robert T. Osteen Mr. and Mrs. Stephen P. Owendoff Vera S. Owens Laurel D. Palmer Carol S. Pancoast David W. Pancost Linda Parker Alexander Passmoore, Jr. Judith G. Payson Lynn H. Peacock Ann Gerald Pearlman Carolyn K. Penny Nancy Peoples Sue E. Peppers Robert Victor Perini Calvin R. Peters Susan Renee Petrik Thomas K. Pettus Mr. and Mrs. James M. Pfohl Leland R. Phelps Ruth S. Phelps Philip Morris U.S.A. Esther K. Phillipp Barbara N. Pinna Marjorie A. Pipkin Mary L. Pitcher Mary Jane Brown Pishko Lori E. Pistor Sotirios N. Plakoudas Marcella E. Poe Ildiko Poliner Susan P. Posey H. Jefferson Powell Robin H. Prak Prasher Law Group, PLC Mr. and Mrs. Jack J. Preiss Mary Norris Preyer Fund PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP Rebecca Winslow Pringle Procter & Gamble Fund Professional Education Systems Inc. Devavrat Purohit Cemil M. Purut Mr. and Mrs. Leonard V. Quigley Mary James Moore Quillen Shrinivas Rajagopalan R. Anthony Rall Susanne Rallis The Rallis Richner Foundation, Inc. Drucilla Ralston Yvonne M. Rayburn William A. Reppy, Jr. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Foundation * deceased


Melanie B. Richards Lorraine T. Richardson Melissa G. Richey Nancy E. Richey Marguerite F. Riddick Karen W. Rigney Margaret V. W. Riley Patricia M. Riley Carlyle Conwell Ring, Jr. Arthur Anthony Ringness Carolyn Pritchard Riordan H. B. Robertson, Jr. Patricia L. Robertson Wendy A. Robineau Pauline Gray Robinson Sally D. Robinson Martha Franck Rollins Rosenberg, Minc, Falkoff, & Wolff LLP Sherri Z. Rosenthal Ele Ross Georgia S. Rowe Thomas D. Rowe, Jr. Marion W. Roydhouse Lao Elisea Rubert David Simms Ruch Thomas J. Rucker Archibald and Frances Rufty Foundation Jean T. Russ Mr. and Mrs. Edwin H. Ruzinsky Marcia H. Russell Wilson G. Russell Mary Chandler Rydzel Dianne M. Safley Eileen M. Salem Salisbury Community Foundation Bernadette Schaeffler Trina E. Scharf Stephen Matthew Schewel James Andrew Schiff Robert C. & Adele R. Schiff Foundation Richard L. Schmalbeck Christopher H. Schroeder Steven L. Schwarcz Phyllis J. Schwartz Scientific Atlanta Foundation Inc. Sandra Frederick Seeber Henry E. Seibert IV James H. Semans Mary D.B.T. Semans Seven Stars Campaign Sarah R. Shaber Ann Marie Sharratt Patricia H. Shebey Shenandoah Life Insurance Helen C. Sherrill Cynia Brown Shimm Melvin G. Shimm Jeffrey Shogan Beth B. Sholtz

Fredericka S. Sholtz Shook, Hardy, & Bacon L.L.P. James M. Shuler Barbara L. Sibley Rochelle R. Siegel Amanda J. Smith Harwood T. Smith Jane Balch Smith Jeanne G. Smith Margaret K. Smith Margaret Chandler Smith Margaret Taylor Smith R. Jeffrey Smith Robert F. Smith Smith Richardson Foundation Smith, Moore, Smith, Schell & Hunter Alice A. Smyth Crissie Snow Helen Redwine Snyder Eric Song Lisa Winston Sorrell Ann M. Speer Beth Wallen Spicer Cornelia Beshar Spring Elizabeth Ann Star Star Family Foundation Alice M. Starr Linda G. Steckley Gillian Steel Robert King Steel Robert K. Steel Family Foundation Joseph F. Stein Foundation Michael Steinicke Jeannette Stern Victoria Stevens Albert F. Stevenson Lynn W. Stevenson Todd Scott Stevenson Sandra Paine Stewart Mr. and Mrs. Donald I. Strauber Kathy Brooks Strickland Leslye S. Stringfellow Brian Stone, Jr. Stone Law Associates, Inc. Grace Janine Stonerock Laurin Womble Stroessenreuther Sumitoma Metal Mining Co. Ltd. Kate S. Supple Michael J. Swan Marilyn D. Tabak Jeffrey Everett Taber Carol Taub Isabel D. Taylor N. Imogene Thaler Lynn D. Thesing Nancy S. Thigpen Richard E. Thigpen, Jr. Mr. Randall S. Thomas Thompson & Knight Foundation

Carolyn B. Thornhill Mr. and Mrs. Donald Thorpe Toyota Motor Sales, USA, Inc. Josiah C. Trent Memorial Foundation Triangle Community Foundation Inc. Triangle Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Tricon Foundation Inc. Troutman Sanders LLP Stanley Tso Ann Caroline Tunstall Lisa Wood Tuttle Janet Sue Ummer Laura S. Underkuffler United Methodist Foundation of Western North Carolina Inc. United States Steel Foundation United Technologies Corporation United Way of Delaware, Inc. Egerton King van den Berg, Jr. Vanguard Charitable Endowment Program Chilton D. Varner Barbara B. Vaughn Constance Elizabeth Vaught Dena Verrill Neil Vidmar Anne Brooks Vincent Jane Dees Vogel John Ogden Vogt Wachovia Corporation Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz Foundation Ann Heath Walker Caroline A. Walker Julian W. Walker, Jr. Stephen Wallenstein Carrie E. Waller Kathryn W. Wallis Elizabeth Lee Ward Lane M. Ware Nathan Michael Ware Donna H. Watson Carolyn C. Weaver Laurie S. Webber Peter A. Weitzel Wendy H. Welch Laura Magistro Wells Anne R. West Elizabeth Kay Westbrook Campbell Lucas Wester Western Resources Foundation Leona L. Wetherington Joan G. Wexler Mark Whittaker Whalen Leona L. Wetherington Heather C. Wheeler Evelyn Wherrett Jessica Few Whitehurst Terrie Carol Jones Whittier Wick & Wick Jonathan B. Wiener Wiener and Garg, LLC

Cynthia G. Wilcox Wiley, Rein & Fielding Paul B. Williams Corp. Sue S. Williams David R. Willson Wilmer Cutler & Pickering Tyla Winland Winston-Salem Foundation Erna Womble Jane Gilbert Womble Martha H. Womble Mary W. Wrasman Yancey Bros. Co. Chang Soo Yang Mr. and Mrs. Irvin S. Yavelberg Andrea Zana Lynn B. Zeidman Barbara C. Ziko

* deceased

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