Free Essay

Sports Ethics


Submitted By gpie26
Words 3083
Pages 13
Todd Gillispie
Prof. MacAdams
Sports Ethics: How Technology Alters the Balance of Fairness

Over the years sports have made great strides in improving fairness so as to create a more competitive form of entertainment. In the early years before the advancements in technology and development of enhancement drugs, it was talent that set athletes apart from one another. But as the number of athletes rose and the revenue generated by sports, as well as the salaries of players, escalated exponentially, so did the need to excell. Accordingly, athletes looked for anything that would give them an edge. Sports enhancers were used to obtain a competitive advantage, thus disrupting the concept of fairness. The problem of fairness did not only lie in the use of enhancers, but also with play calling. In most sports you have an official or team of officials who are solely responsible for ensuring all calls are made correctly. Because of “human error”, as well as the possibility of biased officiating, the idea evolved of using camera systems whose sole duty is to record all plays that can be replayed to ensure that calls were correctly made. In this paper I will analyze two forms of technology – one from a pure technology perspective and one from a medical perspective - that have both positive and negative aspects in tipping the scale of fairness. For most sports, the sole purpose of a video replay system is to determine the correctness of close calls or controversial plays. Because of the high costs of television cameras and other ancillary equipment, the video replay system is primarily used only at the professional level. In this section I will discuss the use of replay systems in the three major sports which are most widely followed in the United States: baseball, basketball and football. Each has its own unique interpretation of implementing the use of cameras and playbacks in order to eliminate human error. In baseball there are possibilities for considerable human errors, as four umpires each in their own section of the baseball field make thrie own calls. Since an umpire cannot see every angle on a close play, he has to rely on his own judgment to make the correct call. The only problem is that there is huge room for human error. In order to help alleviate this problem, Major League Baseball (MLB) implemented a video replay system in August of 2008 but only in certain situations. (Curry, Jun 2008) The replay is only used for determining if a ball is a homerun or not and if there is spectator interference. The first time a replay was used was at the beginning of the 2008 season when Alex Rodriguez of the New York Yankees hit a home run near the foul pole in left field. The manager of the Tampa Bay Rays, Joe Maddon, and the catcher argued profusely that it was a foul ball and not a home run. All of the umpires and crew chief consulted and granted the replay, which upheld the home run. Due to the newness of this technology, there have yet been discussions of increasing the usage of replay in other controversial areas such as base running and plate calling. During the current baseball season, there have been some notable instances where an expanded replay system would have been beneficial. One such instance occurred on June 2, 2010 when the starting pitcher for the Detroit Tigers, Armando Galarraga, lost his chance at a perfect game as a result of the first base umpire making an incorrect call. Upon the completion of the play, the jumbo screen replayed the play over and over in slow motion, which revealed the umpire’s mistake. Had there been an expanded replay system, the four umpires would have watched the play and overturned the original call, thus giving the young pitcher his perfect game. In basketball the use of instant replay is quite different. The use of the replay system is only at the discretion of the referees. It was first instituted to determine if a shot had been released before the game clock expired. Starting in 2002, the National Basketball Association (NBA) made it mandatory that all arenas install light strips on the backboard and on the scorer’s table that would illuminate when time expired. The first time replay was used was in game four of the 2002 Western Conference Finals. As the second quarter was coming to a close, a player from the L.A. Lakers took a half court shot that went in. The replay conclusively showed that the player had released the shot after time expired. Following this game, the use of instant replay was instituted. It was not until five years later that the replay system’s role was increased. It is now being used for determining which players to eject from a brawl or as a result of a flagrant foul, to determine whether a field goal is worth two or three points and it can be used to determine how much time should be removed from the clock in cases of clock malfunction. These additions have had great effects maintaining the integrity of basketball. The National Football League (NFL) instituted its replay system in 1986. Initially the decision to replay calls had to come from the coaches’ booth. In 1999, the NFL adopted a new system that allowed the head coach to call for a replay on the field itself. However, in order to avoid prolonging football games, the league limited each coach to two challenges per game. To further discourage the use of a challenges, the NFL penalized a team if a coach’s challenge was unsuccessful by having the team forfeit one of its timeouts. Accordingly, coaches have to be judicious in picking the right play to challenge thus indirectly creating a more competitive environment. But with this risk came a reward. If a coach wins both of his challenges, he is awarded a third challenge. That way if a coach rolls the dice and wins, they earn the chance to roll it one more time. The NFL replay system currently only covers the following situations:

• Scoring plays • Pass complete/incomplete/intercepted • Runner/receiver out of bounds • Recovery of a loose ball in or out of bounds • Touching of a forward pass, either by an ineligible receiver or a defensive player • Quarterback pass or fumble • Illegal forward pass • Forward or backward pass • Runner ruled not down by contact • Forward progress in regard to a first down • Touching of a kick • Other plays involving placement of the football • Whether a legal number of players is on the field at the time of the snap

Due to these restrictions, there have still been plays in which human error has cost a team a win. One such incident occurred in September of ’08 when the San Diego Chargers were facing the Denver Broncos at Mile High Stadium. In the last two minutes of the game, the quarterback, Jay Cutler, ”fumbled” the ball thus ostensibly causing a change of possession. The only problem was that the referee, Ed Hochuli, had blown the play dead. Although a review showed that it was indeed a fumble, the NFL instant replay rules could not be used inasmuch as the play was over as a result of Hochuli’s action. Two plays later the Broncos scored the winning touchdown. While the NFL has made great strides in trying to create fairness so as to have a more competitive environment, one area that can be improved is still the replay system. Football is the only sport in which a replay system is used for non-professional level competition. The National College Athletic Association (NCAA) has adopted a modified replay system in college football. If two teams from the same conference are playing each other, the league decides whether to use instant replay, but for non-conference games, the home team makes the decision. The other major difference from professional football is the number of challenges a team receives. Once per game, each head coach may also call a timeout and challenge the ruling on the previous play before the next play starts. A coach must have at least one timeout remaining in order to challenge. If they are successful with the challenge, a second challenge is issued to the team. On the flip side, if the challenge is unsuccessful, the team loses a timeout. This situation is a risk reward in the sense that if you win the challenge you are given the opportunity to challenge another play later in the game. But if you fail your team loses one of its three precious timeouts. Through the usage of instant replay, even in a limited sense, it allows teams a chance to correct any two calls that might have been questionable due to human error. The use of HGH or Human Growth Hormone and steroids has been a major issue among sports today. Some use it to gain that extra edge over the competition, others as a way to recover quickly from injury. Many would think why would taking HGH/steroids to come back from injury be a bad thing. With the way that professional athlete’s contracts are, especially in baseball and football; the more you produce, the more you will make. In an attempt to equalize the balance of fairness, many sporting leagues passed a ban of certain illegal substances that were believed to increase performance. In the following section I will be analyzing the impact of HGH/steroids in two of our nations past times: Baseball and Football. The issue of banned substances in baseball has been a major problem dating back to the earliest days of the sport. The first person known for using steroids was a pitcher from the St. Louis Brown Stockings, Pud Galvin. Due to this, many sports writers and enthusiasts would constantly speculate when a big name player begins to fade. One such occasion was when a book entitled, “The Baseball Hall of Shame's Warped Record Book”, written by Bruce Nash, Bob Smith, and Allan ZulloIn, included accusations that homerun king Babe Ruth injected himself with an extract of sheep testicles. Through the use of this injection, Mr. Ruth became ill, causing the NY Yankees to claim his absence from the lineup was due to “a bellyache”. (Zirin May 2008) In the past decade several players have come forth either due to being ousted or from gaining a conscience. A few of these notable players are Jose Conseco, Barry Bonds, Roger Clemens and Alex Rodriguez. Following his admission to using steroids, Mr. Conseco published a tell-all book, Juiced, where he describes how these drugs shaped his career. Later in the book, he revealed several players he believed to be known steroid users. Of these were big homerun hitters Mark McGwire and Jason Giambi, both of which have admitted to these claims. This book led to the world of baseball to question just how big of an issue steroids had become. Many remember Mr. McGwire for setting the single season homerun record, previously held by Roger Maris. The record was sixty-one homeruns, a feat that looked like would never be topped, but when not only Mr. McGwire but two others also broke it, people were both shocked and curious. So when Mr. Conseco’s book was released critics called for all three players’ names, be stricken from the record books. For a detailed description of the past two decades, see the Appendix. It shows chronologically the events of the steroid era. This era, as shown started with Jose Conseco and for the time being, ended with Manny Ramirez. One of the most notable events on this chart has yet to be represented only because it is still ongoing is the Roger Clemens Saga. Back in February of ’08 when he voluntarily appeared in front of the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform after being referenced in the famed Mitchell Report. This report detailed eighty-two players who were known steroid users. During his appearance, Mr. Clemens was very adamant in his innocence of not taking steroids. “I have never taken steroids or HGH." (Quinn Aug. 2010) A long time friend and teammate, Andy Pettitte, would prove to be the stepping-stone for his demise. He told the Committee that Mr. Clemens had confessed to him his steroid use. This along with the physical evidence provided by Mr. McNamee during his defamation suit with Mr. Clemens would be sufficient enough for the U.S. Attorney’s Office to indict him on six counts of perjury. All this because an athlete who is past his prime did not want to admit to using steroids. Now, instead of the Hall of Fame, baseball's seven-time Cy Young winner could go to prison. (Quinn Aug. 2010) It is still unclear as to how far this issue truly goes because of the eighty-two players named in the Mitchell Report, only the few mentioned were revealed. Until the rest of the names are released, all players who make an impact from here on out will be closely monitored.

Though the issue of banned substance use is not as big as it is in baseball, in terms of media focus, HGH/steroids has been an ongoing issue in the NFL since the late 1980s. It wasn’t until the 1987 season that the league began drug testing for steroids, and issued suspensions starting in the 1989 season. Due to the competitiveness of the NFL, the better you are, the more money/endorsements a player will make. One notable incident of steroid use was in 1992, when a player Lyle Alzado, died from brain cancer, which he attributed to the use of anabolic steroids. (Puma July 2007) It was later revealed by his doctor that the steroids did not cause his death. Prior to his death, Mr. Alzado recounted in an interview with sports magazine, Sports Illustrated, his steroid abuse. “I started taking anabolic steroids in 1969 and never stopped. It was addicting, mentally addicting. Now I'm sick, and I'm scared. Ninety percent of the athletes I know are on the stuff. We're not born to be 300 lbs or jump 30ft. But all the time I was taking steroids, I knew they were making me play better. I became very violent on the field and off it. I did things only crazy people do. Once a guy sideswiped my car and I beat the hell out of him. Now look at me. My hair's gone, I wobble when I walk and have to hold on to someone for support, and I have trouble remembering things. My last wish? That no one else ever dies this way." (# 7 on NFL reference section) Many would think that this incident would transfer to a lower rate of steroid users but it had the reverse effect. By 2005 there were as many as 111 NFL players who had tested positive of banned substances. Of these players, the NFL only suspended 54 players. (#17 on NFL reference section) This issue did not only affect the pro-level, but was traced all the way back to high school players. These young athletes partook in these substances as a way to increase their likelihood of going in to the NFL. The main motivator was money. The better you are, the higher you are drafted and the more money you will make. Recently a study was performed to find out the extent of steroid use. The figures showed that one percent of all college football players failed drug tests taken before bowl games, and three percent admitted to using steroids. (Eggers May 2008) In order to ensure that this trend does not reoccur, the NCAA decided to administer random drug tests to all players. During 2005, a former Brigham Young player Jason Scukanec had created controversy. Though he never admitted to using, he stated that many notable Division I schools had steroid users. “Over the course of my five years at BYU, I have concrete proof of 13 to 15 guys (using steroids), and I would suspect five others...And BYU is more temperate than most programs. Being around NFL and NFL Europe players, they would tell me stuff that blew my mind. I know other schools are worse. I would bet my house you could find at least five guys on every Division I team in the country (using steroids).” (Eggers May 2008) He then goes on to recount a time when one of his friends had to have him administer syringes of steroids during their college days. “My best friend was a steroid monster. I shot him up probably four times in the butt. He couldn’t do it himself. He was afraid of needles. He was naturally 245 or 250 pounds, but he got up to 312 with a 36-inch waist. He had stretch marks on his chest and shoulder and eventually blew out both of his knees. When I was with the Broncos, they brought him in for a workout. The offensive line coach came to me and said, ‘What’s your friend on?’ Another guy we played with, who is still in the NFL, would come back at the end of a season weighing 270. Three weeks into the off-season, he was 295 and buffed. It wasn’t a big mystery what he was doing. Three guys I played with in the NFL, I saw them use (steroids). The coaches knew the guys on the juice. To pretend it doesn’t go on would be a farce. It’s the big no-no nobody wants to talk about. And you don’t want to know what’s going on at the junior college level, where no testing is being done.“ (Eggers May 2008) This account shows how steroid use transitioned to the pro-level. As was the issue with college football, the same can be said for high school athletes. Because high school is the first stepping-stone for any athlete to begin their rise to stardom, it is increasingly crucial that they separate themselves from the rest. During the span of twelve years, the number of high school steroid users doubled. This result was shown during a survey that showed six percent of about 15,000 players surveyed, admitted to using some sort of performance enhancing substance at some point in their high school football career. (Livingston June 2005) (Try to find a chart or something to show this data.)

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Ethics in Sport

...ETHICS AND SPORTS           Sport brings people together.           From all over the world and each in his or her unique way.           “Ethics in sport may not be a widely-discussed issue, but it is the most important one”           Sport means emotions. They include respect for and responsibility towards oneself and others. Ethics:       Ethics provides us with the tools to determine whether or not we should do a certain action and the   extent to which a past action should have been done (Figure 1). While there are many different approaches to the question, What should I do?, it is   possible to simplify matters by discussing ethics in terms of means versus ends orientation. What We Ought to do and Why We Do It? [pic] Teddy Roosevelt   • Ethics is the study of morals or character; a study of the principles of human duty or the study of all moral qualities that distinguish an individual relative to others. Ethics, also known as moral philosophy, is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior ETHICS AND SPORTSMANSHIP   • “Ethics is a matter of being good (character) and doing right (action).”   • “Sportsmanship is a matter of being good (character) and doing right (action) in sports.”   • “The majority of acts that we consider bad in sports and call ‘unsportsmanlike’ are bad precisely because they are unfair, dishonest, disrespectful, or against the rules.” Sports Ethics...

Words: 311 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Ethics in Sports

...Ethics in Sports PH201 Choosing and Using Values April 24, 2012 Competitive sports have a tremendous impact on our culture, influencing the values of millions of participants and spectators. When you look at the definition of sports in the dictionary, it is described as “a physical activity that is governed by a set of rules or customs and often engaged in competitively” ("The American Heritage®," 2003). The fundamental idea of sport is character building, teaching the virtues of dedication, perseverance, endurance and self-discipline. Sports are an important part of life; it can bring people to together. In some cases give people a purpose. This is why it is important that sports are played properly and good ethics and values are shown. It is better to teach this to children, so it’s with them as they grow up. Sports are supposed to help us learn not only from defeat but from victory as well and in team sports we learn the importance of co-competiveness and moral values. This is also true when analyzing sports in real life. People participate in sports for different reasons. Some participate as a recreational thing or a pastime, while others participate in a sport as an industry or a business environment. Sports have been a huge public interest dating back to the gladiator fights and the early ages. The results back then were decided by an emperor, but today we have rules and regulations with umpires,...

Words: 1735 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Ethics in College Sports

...Ethics in Collect Sports - Outline Introduction * “Ethics” - a set of values that represent the moral ideals or standards of an individual or organization. A Code of Ethics or Code of Conduct is a guide specifying required behaviors for users in their day-to-day actions and decision making.  It is meant to clarify an organization's such a college or university’s mission, values and principles, linking them with standards of conduct. * Competitive college or any sports have a tremendous impact on our culture. College sports influences the values of millions of players and fans. It is said that “Sport is too much a game to be a business and too much a business to be a game” (Hums, Barr, & Gullion, 1999). The sport industry is growing at an incredible rate of speed. The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) announced a new 14-year television, internet, and wireless rights agreement with CBS Sports and Turner Broadcasting. College games will be shown on CBS, TBS, TNT and t all four national networks. Should college sports be considered a business much like the NFL? Should it have the same ethical standards set forth for the management and players of the NFL? Are the ethical standards for college players, teams and schools strict enough or to strict Some of the Ethical Topics Are College Sports Compatible with the Goals of Higher Education? Does the courting of amateur student-athletes by professional player-agents go against ethical standards? Whether...

Words: 370 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Ethics and Issues in Sport Interview

...Ethics and Issues in Sport Project 1 I interviewed my Mother. In England sport is really not very popular for girls in high school or college, back before 1980's and still to this day, not only the women but also for the men. Club teams are whats important and school sports are around but are more just for a bit of fun. Girls seem to be more interested in the girly things in life and the majority of the girls would not even enjoy participating during Physical Education class. My mum was slightly different and was a slight tomboy, she is the youngest child of 4 and she has 2 older sisters and the oldest of them all is her brother. My mum looked up to her brother the most with him being oldest and this is where her tomboy personality came into effect. She told me that during high school she liked to participate in P.E class and she also played street hockey for the school after hours on a small team of girls and boys. They played inner squad games between each other and was non contact but still quite tactical. There was one teacher at her school who did take it seriously and wanted the children to be involved with the school sports and he was also the coach for the boys soccer team. There were no real facilities for hockey just a painted area on the concrete where they held recess. She also told me that none of the school teams were taken seriously, and the soccer team was one of the only sports to actually go and play other schools in the surrounding area, but still...

Words: 668 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Strategic Plan

...different from other sporting good stores is that we will make ever customer feel like family. A vision is to become one of the top sporting goods store in the United States. Our primary products will be seasonal sporting goods from football to camping and everything in between. There are many sporting goods store that we will have to compete with. To stay ahead of the competition our products will be sold at a wholesale price. Our many goals are to have the products on hand when the customer needs them. We plan on keeping a well stock warehouse. Our target market will be local little leagues, pee wee football teams and people that play sports for recreational purposes. The staff will be professional trained to help our customers pick the right equipment for their teams. Well will offer the best sports equipment available at the time. We will work with sport equipment manufactures to get the best price so that we can pass the savings on to our customers. We want to create a loyal customer base to help us become successful like other big name stores....

Words: 1057 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Strong Work Ethic

...Being involved in sports has influenced me greatly. My involvement in basketball and softball during high school has taught me a lot and shaped me into who I am today. Playing multiple sports has taught me a lot, like time management, strong work ethic, and working with others. In order to stay on top of my school work I had to learn how to manage my time between homework and practices/games. If I did not learn how to do this I would have fallen behind and been unable to participate in these sports. I developed a strong work ethic as well. In order to be successful a lot of time and effort is required. Although I have learned this skill from my involvement in sports it applies to a variety of other things. When doing a job having a strong work ethic is a great skill to have because you will get a job done quickly and efficiently. Another way sports have influenced my life is by teaching me how important it is to work well with others. When you are on a team it is not just one person doing all the work, if you are having an off day then your teammates can pick you up. If teammates do not work together as a team then the outcome is not the best, but if they work well as a team then the outcome is a lot better. Also sports has taught me that in order to succeed you have to fail a few times. Practicing can make you a lot better and everybody makes mistakes. If you did not make mistakes then you were not giving it your all....

Words: 517 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...The authors argue that much of the violence in sport today involves overconformity to the norms of the sport ethic. This contradicts arguments stating that commercialization and the media are the main causes of violence in sports today. Which side do you agree with and why? Although the media contributes to instigating violence, it is not the main cause of violence in sports today for several reasons. Firstly, Athletes use media to promote themselves. Due to television being the main way of communication, people use it as a way to become famous. They want to show their abilities to the public in order to gain recognition and acceptances of fans and other athletes. I believe that overconformity of violence is some of the way that athletes increase their popularity, so that they can become legends on and off the field. One of the reason that society attribute good values to athletes who do that. “He is courageous, he sacrifices himself for the team, he plays with injuries, He tackles like a man”, are some of the comments from the public who created that image of sports. In addition, athletes are benefited if they follow that conception. Because of the media coverage, they will be contracted by great sport clubs, and they will be recognized as a true professional player. The society already gave meaning to sports, so the media transmits and shows what people want to see. Secondly, part of the violence is attributed to some gender ideology. Nowadays, a great part of the population...

Words: 546 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Beneficial Sport Activities

...Beneficial Sport Activities There are numerous benefits that you can obtained as a child or adult through the involvement of sport activities. These benefits are a significant characteristic and representation of our choices, responsibilities, and actions. Every skill you learned while in sports can be used to build positive structure and character. Sport activities involve physical benefits, personal benefits, and social benefits. These featured benefits apply to both sexes and people of all ages. Although an assistant professor of sociology, at Wittenburg University in Ohio, states, “Participating in athletics helps students perform well in academically during high school more than any other extracurricular activity.” According to an article on the Webitse, she explains, “They benefit developmentally in terms of building self-confidence and self- esteem and the ability to problem-solve; they develop socially in that they build relationships with students and teachers and parents that can act as resources for them in terms of their academics.” Being involved in sports as a young child can help build a foundation for cooperative play, teamwork, and good sportsmanship. It is extremely beneficial to participate with sports in your childhood. The article, “The Amazing Benefits of Sports For Kids,” simply expresses that researches indicate that sports help children develop physical skill, get exercise, make friends, have fun, learn to play as a member of a team...

Words: 1836 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Roscommon Sports Partnership

...Roscommon Sports Partnership (RSP) The Local Sports Partnership Initiative was developed by the Irish Sports Council in order to create a national structure to co-ordinate and promote the development of sport and physical activity at local level. The initiative was created following widespread consultation with other agencies and organisations with an interest in the development of sport. The objectives of the program are to: 1. Enhanced planning of sport at local level. 2. Increased levels of local participation, especially amongst specific target groups such as older people, girls and women, people with disabilities, unemployed people and those who live in identified disadvantaged communities. 3. Enhanced local coach deployment. 4. Club development. 5. Volunteer training. 6. Local directories of sports bodies and facilities. 7. Better use of existing facilities. 8. Clear priorities for local facility provision and improvement, with related quality management initiatives. 9. School/club/community. 10. Local sports event. Roscommon Sports Partnership focuses on the following Strategic Aims for 2012-2014: 1. Participation Pathways: To increase participation in Sports/Physical Activity for all of the citizens of County Roscommon through their life stages. 2. Training & Development: To promote Training & Development, both for all involved in Sports/Physical Activity and their clubs throughout County Roscommon. ...

Words: 1333 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Changing Cultures of Different Dances

...which benefits a person not only the physical but also a person’s well being. The “need to do something for recreation” seems to be an essential element of human biology and psychology. Recreational activities are often done for enjoyment, amusement, or pleasure and are considered to be “fun” the term “recreation” implies participation to have a healthy and refreshing mind and body. It is also very entertaining. Active and healthy recreation is already practice before. One example is the era of Romans. The Romans had the coliseum, where they watched chariot races and other entertainment. The Greeks had amphitheaters where they viewed drama and comedy. Others invented the Olympics, one of the greatest entertainment sport spectacles in the world. Even the bible discusses singing, dancing, music, and other forms of acceptable recreation, so even the most ancient civilizations enjoyed entertainment and recreation of some sort. Aristotle said that happiness result from being the best we can be. The sort of happiness that Aristotle was thinking should not be equated with simple pleasure. Amusing ourselves can be pleasant, but he says it is childish. Amusement for sheer pleasure degrades rather than improves us. Aristotle admits that amusement is helpful because it refreshes us from work. But amusement is never as good as true leisure, which provides a life of deep fulfillment rather than fleeting bodily pleasures. Aristotle is not simply thinking...

Words: 960 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Pros And Cons Of High School Sports

...According to the article named, (What in the Name of High School Football?) by Hank Hill “Varsity sports only benefit some.” This lead me to the question, “Are high school sports beneficial to students or do they just add more pressure?” We think that sports do not benefit students, because concussion rate has tripled, a student/athlete even thinks so, and for every high school sport the % of every kid getting a scholarship is under 10% High school sports are not worth all of the stress. Studies say that the probability of someone actually getting into a collage for a sport is 10% (the first video). So is the stress even worth it, the answer is no it's not because really you're probably not going to get into the collage you want to get into...

Words: 419 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The B Division

...Sports overall targets your child; approach to learn; ability to think, communicate; physical well-being; and social development. The social development aspect of adolescent development targets kids particular abilities to make, build, and sustain relationships with adults and peers. Through sporting activities your children will acknowledge and accept their feelings which will allow them to express their feelings a lot more successfully to you about situation they may go through, but in the process they will be able to grasp and answer the emotions of other kids. As parents you want to be involved in your child sporting activities but not too involved to the point you’re a pushy parent. Expectations should be put on their behavior in a sense of how they behave towards others. That kind of expectation is a good expectation because ultimately you want them to have fun but at the same time you want them to develop social skills that will instill positive interaction and respect for their peers. Give some decision-making responsibilities; let your child experience the luxury of sports and reinforce boundaries and rules when it’s necessary (Holt, N. L., & Black, D. E, 2007). Don’t force perfection or put your expectations on to their performance, especially in the team atmosphere because due to parent’s lack of encouragement, many times children lose confidence in themselves, then resent you because they’re uncertain of their identity and capabilities to compete; which would cause...

Words: 1058 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Unit 33: the Sport and Leisure Sector

...UNIT 33: THE SPORT AND LEISURE SECTOR Get assignment help for this unit at LO1 Understand the growth and influence of the sport and leisure sector Sport and leisure sector: facilities and activities; outdoor and indoor; minority sports; professional clubs; entertainment; hospitality and exhibitions; fashionable sports and leisure activities and trends in sport and leisure; commercial and private providers; professional sport; cinemas and theatres; exhibitions; health clubs and spas; sports merchandise; voluntary eg local sports clubs, drama groups; public eg local authority leisure centres, national stadia, venues, parks and events; schools and specialist sports/drama colleges, further education centres of excellence, government organisations; other agencies and providers Growth and expansion: related to age, gender, socio-economic group, lifestyle, geographical location, disability/health status, governmental imperatives; improved choice; health clubs, specialist activities, purpose-built facilities; educational eg new sports/drama colleges and centres of excellence; events management; recreation, arts and entertainment; outdoor activities; adventure tourism; special interest tourism; sports development policy and planning; consumption; lifestyle; national governing bodies; sector skills councils; sports councils to reflect national government policy on sport and associated areas eg fitness; elite training facilities and services eg growth of youth...

Words: 1231 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Argumentative Essay: Should School Sports Be Paid?

...Do you believe school sports can affect a student's grades, or that sports may cause unnecessary injuries to a student-athlete? I believe that sports should not be removed from schools because they have a positive impact on students. Sports give students something to look forward to, a lot of health benefits, and a chance to improve their social lives. Without sports, many students would have more stress and have less social skills to help them communicate in the future. The most important reason school sports should stay is that it gives stressed-out students a relief from their school related responsibilities. It also gives them something for them to look forward to during the long school day. Doctors and specialists are saying that physical...

Words: 1309 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Research on Challenges Facing Sport in the Country Still Doing Litereature Review.

...Richard Attias Become a fan Email The Development Factor: The Challenge of Sport in the 21st Century Posted: 10/21/2014 8:39 am EDT Updated: 10/29/2014 9:59 Sport occupies a peculiar place in world dynamics in that it surpasses the limitations of geographical boundaries and social classes. Still, a gap remains between developed and developing nations when it comes to sport. In the industrialized world, sport as an economic sector represents approximately 2% of GDP. For developing economies, though, the challenge remains making sport a factor of economic development, and a driver for social change, so it benefits all citizens in the long term. UNESCO's 1978 International Charter of Physical Education and Sport classified sport as "a fundamental right for all." But the low place sport occupies in the developing world's priorities shows that its importance as an educational and social tool is not yet universal. Everyone agrees that sport contributes to economic development by creating jobs and stimulating business activity. The organization of a major sporting event, for example, is a great opportunity for the local economy. The thousands of people who attend will spend money on food, lodging, transportation and other, related tourist activities. However, in recent years, we see these economic benefits are obvious only the short term. If we take the example of South Africa in 2010, the positive impact of the World Cup was, in terms of job creation and reduced crime...

Words: 17283 - Pages: 70