Premium Essay


In: Social Issues

Submitted By Joller123
Words 3512
Pages 15
2) Functionalist perspective
Crime is inevitable – Durkheim, a functionalist, said that crime is inevitable in society. This is because nt everyone will buy into the collective sentiments of society, and will deviate from these norms and beliefs.
Durkheim said a certain amount of crime and deviance as normal and an integral part of all healthy societies. This is because it acts as a ‘safety valve’, providing a relatively harmless way for someone to express their discontent. For example, Cohen said that “prostitution performs such a safety valve function without threatening the institution of the family”, this is because he believed this crime of prostitution could relieve the stress in a discrete way without damaging the rest of the clients life.
Clinard said crime also served the function of acting as a warning device. This is because the crime indicates that there is an aspect of society that is malfunctioning. So the crime draws attention to the problem within society, which can then be fixed.
Durkheim said that crime in society isn’t genetically produced, but is natural in society. However, he did say that too much crime was dangerous in a society, and this is an idea Merton developed.
Merton and Anomie
Merton observed American culture. He said that this society bought into the ‘American dream’ of having a successful career with lots of money, material possessions and a nice family.
Merton said that in a balanced society everyone will be happy, however, he said American society isn’t balanced, so when people struggle to live up to societies norms and values they try and find other ways of achieving this success, and act normlessly. Merton called this a strain to anomie, and it is this normless behaviour which he said caused crime in society. Consider it like someone losing in a card game, and the expectation for them to win is so high that they break the

Similar Documents

Premium Essay


...Character formation:as an object of education Education is one of the most important issues for the Governments worldwide. For everybody knows that a way to progress for any nation is through the path of education. Governments as well as the NGO"s are desperate to raise their literacy rates.And it should be for education is one of the very basic needs and rights of a man. What is education? Is it a way of getting knowledge about everything,is it a mechanism to prepare forces of doctors, engineers or any othertechnicians.Education is inf act a life long process.It include not only the knowledge of the things surrounding,of hidden truths bu it is also a process which differentiate man from animal life.From the jungles and caves man has progressed to this advance and modern world.Is it what we all mean with education.The answer given by any ordinary man would be a simple 'NO'. For the scope of education is not just linked with the scientific discoveries or inventions,no doubt these are the very important aspect, but education on the other hand is very much linked with the progress of the moral world of man.It deals with the advancement of ideas which has brought tremendous changes in the moral,social,political in short in all fields.It is related with the thoughs and values as well as the behaviour of the educated person which he reflects in his daily routine life. Character formation as being the object of education is indeed a very deep and complex issue.It deals with individual...

Words: 2985 - Pages: 12