Premium Essay

Tenn Pregnancy

In: Social Issues

Submitted By meinnc
Words 6393
Pages 26
Nursing Research Project

Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program


The issue of controlling and preventing teenage pregnancy is a major problem in society. Teenage pregnancy is a significant health issue that plagues our nation and communities. Community and public health nurses are faced with the challenge of addressing teen pregnancy, a monumental health issues that affect vulnerable populations in society. Effectiveness of healthcare interventions depends in part, on the approach that is taken in addressing the presenting issues (Shi & Stevens, 2005). Factors that contribute to teenage pregnancy span socioeconomic, cultural, and psychological issues that are perpetrated by individual characteristics (of the teenagers), peers, family members, and the greater society (Maurer & Smith, 2009). Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention note that in 2009, more than 500,000 children were born to mothers of ages 15 to 19 years, at a rate of 45.5 per 1000 mothers (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010, para. 1). Teenage pregnancy, a public health priority for youths, is a multifaceted health issue that is influenced, in part, by socioeconomic factors such as peer pressure, low income of families, and the media (Maurer & Smith, 2009; The National Campaign, 2010). Likewise, teenage pregnancy also creates socioeconomic and health problems for teenage mothers, teenage fathers, their children, and society. Some of the effects of teenage pregnancy on the children of teen parents are prematurity, low birth weight, inadequate nutrition, child abuse, and replication of the patterns of school dropout. Teen pregnancy prevention programs that are based on appropriate theoretical frameworks play a vital role in the quest of optimal health and well-being for adolescents (Maurer &Smith, 2009).

The proposal for this nursing...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Effects of Birth Control on Women's Lives

...would prevent pregnancy if taken correctly. Several other birth-control methods have been developed in the past ten years that are just as effective. Birth control has had effects on women’s mental, physical and social lives since its debut in the United States fifty years ago. One of the most researched drugs is the birth control pill. A great deal of information has arisen to improve the drug but there is one aspect that has not been studied as thoroughly, its effect on mood. The least publicized mental effect of the pill is that many women developed depression, until recently. There has not been any direct proof to back up the statement that hormonal contraceptives are the cause. Enovid, the first birth control on the market in the 1960’s, acknowledged in their packaging that there were cases where psychic depression occurred, but also declared that the relationship between the two were not clear. This is the only identified mental side effect that is thought to be associated with birth control. There are several physical effects that birth control has on women’s lives. The medical side-effects are commonly known because of commercials. These side effects include nausea, headaches and possible blood clots. The pill not only prevented pregnancy but it also relieved painful menstrual problems like cramps and migraine and also helped with acne. Some other side-effects from the pill were altered sex drives and sex lives and unplanned pregnancies were......

Words: 601 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Hr Laws & Regulations

...Civil Rights Act of 1866 ( Summary of Act's Principle Requirements and Regulations Impacting HR - This law protects the equal right of all persons within the jurisdiction of the United States to make and enforce contracts without respect to race. Governmental Enforcement Agency - Enforced by individuals, not a federal agency Impact on HRM Functions and Policies - This includes all contractual aspects of the employment relationship, such as hiring, discharge, and the terms and conditions of employment. The Supreme Court has held that the statute also prohibits retaliation against persons who complain about race discrimination prohibited by the statute. ( Equal Pay Act of 1963 ( Summary of Act's Principle Requirements and Regulations Impacting HR - Requires that male and female workers receive equal pay for work requiring equal skill, effort and responsibility, and performed under similar working conditions. ( Governmental Enforcement Agency - EEOC Impact on HRM Functions and Policies - Pay differentials are permitted when they are based on seniority, merit, quantity or quality of production, or a factor other than sex. ( Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as......

Words: 1142 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Abortion Could It Be Ethical?

...Abortion Could it be Ethical Kelanah Hubbard SOC120 Introduction to Ethics and Social Responsibility Prof. Jennifer Murphy September 3, 2012 Could you imagine witnessing a child have surgery at 21 weeks gestation for spina bifida, outside of the womb and then be placed back inside? Would you agree with the mother aborting the child if there were no chance of adverse side effects from surgery and the child was going to have a normal birth in 3-4 months? “As the surgeon was closing the womb, the miracle happened. Baby Samuel pushed his hand out of the womb and grabbed the surgeon’s finger. Photographer Michael Clancy caught this astonishing act on film. And in that instant, Clancy went from being prochoice to being prolife. As he put it, “I was totally in shock for two hours after the surgery…. I know abortion is wrong now---it’s absolutely wrong.” (Alcorn, 2000, pg.33) Abortion and whether it is right or wrong ethically and what might be some of the opinions and ethical solutions, has always been a big debate and will be covered more. Utilitarianism argues that given a set of choices, the act we should choose is that which produces the best results for the greatest number affected by that choice. I believe that is the best solution for the crisis of abortion because it would make more people have to weigh their options and truly think about the choice they are about to make. People in society these days make decisions very selfishly and do not think about what......

Words: 2969 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Employment Law

...| |Employment Law also called labor law is the body of laws,administrative rulins, and precedents | | | |which address the legal rights of, and restrictions on working people and their organizations. In this | | | |paper I will discuss the history of a few important acts that have been passed over the years to protect | | | |employees in the United States. This paper will also discuss the major protections that these acts | | | |provide and who are eligible for that protection. As well as what are the differences between an | | ...

Words: 994 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Vaginal Agenisis

...Bria Rouse English 101 When I was 16 years old my mother and I started having certain concerns that something might be wrong since I hadn't started my period. She had done so many things to prepare my body and mind for a moment that would evidently never happened. She taught me all the techniques and precautions for making sure I would never be in the dark about the changes my body would normally go through when puberty hit. I had begun to develop the breast and curves of a growing young women, so had all of my peers but they had also began their cycle. I felt left out when I’d see them going to the restroom during school hours with their little toiletry pouches. After some time had passed my mother made an appointment with my adolescence pediatrician. The doctor tried to examine me and I found it unbearably painful even with the smallest of tools. My doctor then decided that I should have an ultra sound. I had the abdominal and the vaginal screening they finally found what they called a "floating uterus." She sat me down and told me that she had only seen one other case that reminded her of mine in medical school and that she thought it could possibly be Vaginal Agenesis. For conformation the pediatrician sent me to a specialist. The Dr. there confirmed what the pediatrician had discovered after scheduling a MRI, she said “Well, here is the deal you will never be able to have kids but you can adopt or have a surrogate mother by the way I admire the fact......

Words: 540 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Pregnancy in Adolescence

...Every hour 85 teens become pregnant, but why? Girls are told that the more sexual they are the more men value them, which unfortunately leads to high rates of teen pregnancy. Teens in this decade are so worried about what society thinks about them. Peer pressure is one of the biggest effects on teens having sex. Girls buy and dress in the most expensive brands to fit in. Some of them will do anything to me accepted in the “cool” crowd including; having sex at a young age. With teens lack of eduction, some teens use no protection which leads to them becoming pregnant. Also with the popularity of partying and drinking, some girls do not even realize what is happening before it is to late. Younger teens just do not understand the significance in having sex. Why is everyone so concerned with teens becoming pregnant though? The psychological affects on teens when they become pregnant has such a negative impact on their lives. They start feeling so many different types of emotions such as; fear, frustration, confusion, resentment, and most of all depression. Their depression levels shoot up. Not only are the mental effects strong, but so are the physical effects. Becoming pregnant as a teen increases the chance of Anemia, Cervical Cancer, Miscarriage, and pregnancy induced hypertension. Often being a teen mom, you receive a lower level of eduction, earn less money, social isolation, and limited job opportunities. But not only does becoming pregnant effect the teen mom, it......

Words: 330 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Prenatal and Postpartum Scenario

...exercise, medication awareness, and emotions. One of the important factors that will positively affect the developing fetus is nutritional habit of the mother. Nutritional status with consumption of healthy food is the driving force behind attaining a healthy baby. A prenatal and postpartum woman would be advised to cultivate the habit of consuming healthy food because malnutrition in early state of pregnancy can affect the embryo’s ability to survive and poor nutrition in latter half of the pregnancy can affect the growth of the fetus. As noted in the text also that “prenatal care reduces the incidence of low birthweight, which is associated with poor nutrition, multiple births, and drug use” (Berger, 2010 p. 71). Examples of food incudes low fat milk, pasta, fruits, cereals, rice, and vegetables. Energy is needed for the ability of pregnant woman to carry the fetus, care for the newborn, and the source of the energy is from calories consumed. According to American Pregnancy Association, good hydration is extremely important for a healthy pregnancy and postpartum period. During pregnancy blood volume will increase and water is necessary for this process. Also to create...

Words: 678 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Why Abortion Is Wrong

...disallows for options such as adoption Introduction The dictionary defines Abortion as: The termination of pregnancy and expulsion of an embryo or of a fetus that is incapable of survival. This simply means, inducing birth to kill the fetus, or baby before it is carried to full term. However, I would define abortion as morally and spiritually wrong. How would you feel if you were denied the right to live? Imagine being held against your will, gagged, and your hands bounded as you are placed in front of a firing squad about to be killed for absolutely no reason. Your right to live depends solely on someone else’s decision, hoping and praying that their decision is one that will be one of moral and ethical consciousness and would allow you your right. This is exactly what abortion entails, denying you your right to live. There are many women who might have gotten pregnant and thought that they were not ready to have a child. For most of them, they turn to abortion and see it as their only way out. I am certain many of these women have not fully understood the consequences behind abortion or does not realise that there are many other alternatives rather than choosing murder. Before considering abortion it is important to note what abortion entails, the consequences and most importantly understanding that abortion should never be considered a solution to an unwanted pregnancy. Abortion is not the best solution because it contributes to mass murder; it is an unsafe procedure......

Words: 2252 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Effect of Social Issues on Individuals

...TOPIC: CATECHESIS; YOUTH AND CATHOLIC VALUE WITH A SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON ABORTION. According to Oxford dictionary, it defines the word “YOUTH” as the time of life when a person is young, especially the time before a child becomes an adult or the quality or state of being young. Youth can also be define as the appearance, freshness, vigor, spirit; strong will est. characteristics of one who is young. The most delicate period of an individual is the youthful age. In this wise, it is of utmost important for parent to give appropriate checks and balances to their children. We all have a role to play in the life of our fellow youth; these roles can be adequately played if there is unity among cyonites. Unity among youth announces to the world the love that Christ has for all people and his wish to share his life with them. Christ himself knowing the importance of unity prays to his father, ” that they may all be one as thou father in me and I in you”, we are living stones in the building of which there is only one foundation, Jesus Christ. Each of us has the responsibility of promoting unity in a world largely indifferent to the church. Nowhere in the teaching of Jesus is “rugged individualism” promoted as an option for Christian spirituality. Christian would be known by their love and interconnectedness in caring relationships. When we live in one another, we not only share one another‟s burdens, we share one another‟s blessing, strengths and joys as well. Our personal development......

Words: 2427 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

The Women

...“The women who influenced me the most in my village stay period” During my period of village stay I use to talk to many bai’s over there and after having an interaction with them my heart was fully touched related to their problems which they are facing there in the village and facing them with a challenge of life. But in all this I mate a bai name devlli bai as the name represents she was devi, her husband mana and she was having six children’s two boy and 4 girls names are satish, savita, dinesh, anita, kanta, and Krishna. Well there is something that I want to share with you about the bai she was saying that when she came there after marriage she struggled a lot and now also I am. So as she was saying that before whenever she use to get pregnant in past here baby use to die inside womb so her mother-in-law use to say her that you r unlucky for my family and my boy and she told that even her mother-in-law use to misguide her husband by saying you are young and can bring a new bride who can give baby but the husband was very kind and loyal to the wife. So due to this the mother-in-law use to say her that do this work that all work of the home even she use to travel 8km to ambaji a town in Gujarat putting on head wood to earn money for the house even her husband use to do the same thing and after earning money they use to have dinner at home even she told me that there were days when there was no food at home so they use to drink water and sleep. After 4 unborn child death...

Words: 648 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...contraceptives; little do people know is that abortion is an option of contraception. However, not everyone can afford a legal abortion so a second rate doctor with no medical degree may be the only option. Illegal abortion is a major issue in the United States, and can cause many issues including medical abortion related deaths of the mother, child or both. Because of the lack of medical facilities and proper medicine there are other abortion medical complications that may take place if a second rate doctor performs a delivery such as: hepatitis, AIDS and birth defects. The pros of this legislative action include the following statements. A contraceptive is a tool which is used to prevent unwanted pregnancies. In the 1920’s during the great depression, controlling unwanted pregnancies’ was critical, just as it is today with the economic issues which we are currently facing. A contraceptive helps make menstrual periods more regular and also helps to decrease menstrual cramps and acne. Other pros are that contraceptives make you less likely to develop ovarian cysts, anemia, pelvic inflammatory disease and ovarian and uterine cancer. A woman should have access to any medical attention that she may require and she should also have total control of her own body. The cons for this legislative action would in...

Words: 484 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

What Is Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (Fas)?

...FAS? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . REFRENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . This assignment will research Foetal Alcohol Syndrome in light of the South African context. Attention will be given to understanding what FAS is; how is FAS characterized; the impact that alcohol has on brain development; and the effect that FAS has on a baby with the diagnosis. Furthermore, the role that the South African context plays in FAS will be explored. What is Foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) The foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a pattern of physical malformations observed in the offspring of women who drink alcohol during pregnancy. (By Abel, Ernest Psychological Bulletin, Vol 87(1), Jan 1980, 29-50.) ----1. Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a serious health problem that tragically affects its victims and their families, but that is completely preventable. Causing a child to suffer from fetal alcohol syndrome is really nothing short of child abuse and it lasts for life. ( Stratton, K., Howe, C., and Battaglia, F. (Eds). Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Prevention, and Treatment. Washington, DC; National Academy Press, 1996.)----2 Fetal alcohol syndrome has been a widely known danger associated with maternal drinking for more...

Words: 819 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

A Development of a Child from Conception to Delivery

...THE DEVELOPMENT OF A CHILD FROM CONCEPTION TO DELIVERY CONTENTS 1. The Meaning of psychology 2. The Meaning of development 3. Basic of development and growth of child 4. The development of the egg cells (OVA) 5. Gender (Male and female) 6. The Spermatozoon 7. The fertilization of the egg 8. The Fetus 9. Conception 10. Monthly development of pregnancy 11. The three stages of labour MEANING OF PSYCHOLOGY Human beings, so complex in their nature, that is lead to study of human development. The study of human nature and behaviour is called psychology. Concept of psychology is very elusive as a term because it has been given various definitions. Oladele J.O. Defined it as a scientific study of human behaviour and problems facing them at a given period of time. Generally speaking, psychology is scientific study of the behaviours of human beings right away from period of conception to birth and after birth to death in one’s life. Developmental psychology which studies changes in human behaviour with age. MEANING OF DEVELOPMENT Development Speaking, the process of development of any organism could be seen under the three main heading e.g. 1. Growth: which means a change in size or height and it could be physical or subjective in height or other human traits like honest, patience etc. 2. Learning: this refers to relatively permanent changes in behaviour due to the experience acquired. It occurs in every hung organism due to the......

Words: 6896 - Pages: 28

Free Essay

Black Women and Pregnancy: Fibroids

...Black women and pregnancy: Fibroids by Kimberly Seals-Allers, author of The Mocha Manual to a Fabulous Pregnancy  Reviewed by the BabyCenter Medical Advisory Board Last updated: January 2010 What are fibroids? Fibroids are noncancerous tumors that grow from muscle tissue in the uterus. Fibroids, also called uterine leiomyomas or myomas, can grow on the outside of your uterine wall, within the uterine wall, or into the uterine cavity.   Women can have fibroids in one or more of these locations. The growths can be as small as a pea or as large as a basketball. But they are almost always benign, no matter how large they get. If a fibroid or cluster of fibroids is particularly large or is growing on the outside of the uterine wall, it can push the uterus into an abnormal position. It can also put pressure on the bladder or intestine, causing symptoms such as frequent urination, constipation, pelvic pain, or backache. Fibroids may also cause heavy menstrual bleeding. Fibroids can interfere with fertility, and they occasionally cause complications during pregnancy. For example, if a large fibroid blocks the opening of a woman's uterus, she may have to deliver her baby by c-section. African American women are more likely than other women to get fibroids, but any woman of any race can get them. Why is it especially important for black women to know about fibroids? In the United States, African American women have the highest rates of fibroids. They're two to three......

Words: 2214 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Does Thomson’s Violinist Thought Experiment Demonstrate That, Even If the Fetus Is a Person with Full Moral Rights, Abortion Is Still Morally Permissible in Most Circumstances?

...The argument on whether abortion is morally permissible has been considered for years. Most philosophers incline to accept moral principle that it is always prima facie seriously wrong to end the life of a person in normal circumstances. The personhood of an embryo and foetus has somehow invoked another controversial issue on whether they are kind of beings, or persons, that it is seriously wrong, for any sake, to end their life. Both the anti-abortionist side and pro-choicers side can only give equally vague boundary on claiming that foetus is a person, or not so. However, as we will find out later in this essay, the problem of whether a foetus is a person, or whether a foetus has serious right to life, does not significantly affect the consideration of abortion under Thomson’s account. The argument of the personhood of foetus will just stay at a standoff if there is no clear definition or lists for what characteristics make a thing a person. When we draw line to represent the development of a human being from the state of conception to the point that a baby is born, it will be arbitrary to choose a point which the thing inside a mother is a person after that point and not a person before that point. Moreover, the opposite of abortion may suggest that a foetus, even at the moment of conception, is a person because of their potential future, meanwhile, the supporters of abortion may insist that a foetus has not yet become a person because it lacks of some characteristics......

Words: 2665 - Pages: 11