Premium Essay

The Power of Choice

In: Other Topics

Submitted By leochrisaba
Words 1905
Pages 8
Planning (also called forethought) is the process of thinking about and organizing the activities required to achieve a desired goal.
Planning involves the creation and maintenance of a plan. As such, planning is a fundamental property of intelligent behavior. This thought process is essential to the creation and refinement of a plan, or integration of it with other plans; that is, it combines forecasting of developments with the preparation of scenarios of how to react to them.
An important, albeit often ignored aspect of planning, is the relationship it holds with forecasting. Forecasting can be described as predicting what the future will look like, whereas planning predicts what the future should look like. The counterpart to planning is spontaneous order.
Meaning of Curriculum
In formal education, a curriculum is the planned interaction of pupils with instructional content, materials, resources, and processes for evaluating the attainment of educational objectives. This process includes the use of literacies and datagogies that are interwoven through the use of digital media and/or texts that address the complexities of learning.
Other definitions combine various elements to describe curriculum as follows: • All the learning which is planned and guided by the school, whether it is carried on in groups or individually, inside or outside the school. (John Kerr) • Outlines the skills, performances, attitudes, and values pupils are expected to learn from schooling. It includes statements of desired pupil outcomes, descriptions of materials, and the planned sequence that will be used to help pupils attain the outcomes. • The total learning experience provided by a school. It includes the content of courses (the syllabus), the methods employed (strategies), and other aspects, like norms and values, which relate to the way the school is...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

The Influence of the Culture Dimension ‘Power Distance’ on Product Choice: a Cross Cultural Exploration of Effects of Country of Origin on the Choice of Branded Products

...The Influence of the Culture dimension ‘Power Distance’ on product choice: A Cross Cultural Exploration of Effects of Country of Origin on the Choice of Branded Products by Adriana Cordeiro Socha A Thesis presented to The University of Guelph In partial fulfillment of requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Marketing and Consumer Studies Guelph, Ontario, Canada © Adriana Cordeiro Socha, September, 2012 ABSTRACT THE INFLUENCE OF THE CULTURE DIMENSION ‘POWER DISTANCE’ ON PRODUCT CHOICE: A CROSS CULTURAL EXPLORATION OF EFFECTS OF CULTURAL TRAITS ON THE CHOICE OF BRANDED FOREIGN PRODUCTS Adriana Cordeiro Socha University of Guelph, 2012 Advisor Dr. Brent McKenzie Committee Dr. Vinay Kanetkar Dr. Sara Mann This thesis investigates how cultural traits, such as the cultural dimension of Power Distance, influence preference for foreign made branded products. Cultural background influences several aspects of human behaviour, including the behaviours of consumers. In marketing, individual cultural differences affect consumers’ choice as well as their response to advertising message and brand associations. One example, impact on consumer choice, is related to the country of origin (COO) of the product. The effect of COO has been extensively explored in the literature....

Words: 32017 - Pages: 129

Free Essay

A Clockwork Orange

...Burgess illustrates with Alex's ultra-violent actions, that they represent his abuse of power through his freedom of choice. Alex consistently chooses evil as a...

Words: 1415 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

The Effect of Cultural Distance on Entry Mode Choice: the Moderating Effect of Language Diversity

...The effect of cultural distance on entry mode choice: the moderating effect of language diversity Name: Rajae El Aiachi Student number: 10202773 Teacher: Dr Johan Lindeque MSc. In Business Administration – Theories of International Management Date: 27-09-2015 Abstract (50 Words) Previous studies have shown that the choice of entry mode depends on various types of aspects, containing also cultural distance between countries (Arora and Fosfuri, 2000). However, there is not a lot of consensus among these articles. A few articles mentioned the effect of language distance on entry mode choice. Keywords: Cultural distance, entry mode choice and language distance 1. Introduction In this time of globalization a lot of companies are expanding their international business activities in overseas market. The ways in which firms are expanding their business in overseas market differ per enterprise and country. The hierarchical model of market entry modes by Pan and Tse (2000) shows that there are different choices of entry modes. Entry modes can be seen as equity-based versus non-equity based. Within equity-based modes, there is a division between equity joint ventures and wholly owned operations. Within nonequity based modes, there is a division between export and contractual agreements. Prior research demonstrated that the choice of entry modes rely upon different types of components....

Words: 2641 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Count of Monte Cristo

...The lack of honesty throughout the movie reveals the true motives of major characters as well as their true selves. 2) The concept of power is portrayed in the movie in two different ways; one, the power man has is fleeting, vulnerable, corruptible...

Words: 1357 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Womens Lit

...I was asked the question How does power, freedom, and choices relate to Women’s Literature? Well power, freedom and choices relate to woman literature physically and emotionally in many ways. The women that I have had the opportunity to learn about in Women’s Literature 150 are extraordinary women. The choices that they have made in their lives were dramatic ones, which led to the power and the freedom that women today have. Women such as Margery Kempe, Anne Bradstreet, Phillis Wheatley, Mary Wollstonecraft, Isabella Baumfree, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Jane Austen, Harriet Jacobs, Kate Chopin, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Zora Neale Hurston, Gwendolyn Books, Sylvia Plath, Jamaica Kincaid, Maya Angelou, Alice Walker, and Adrienne Rich, all played a significant role in why most women no longer visualize themselves less valuable than men in our societies, and I will give reasons through words from some of the women above to explain how power, freedom and choices relate to women’s literature from the past and today. In the time that these women were growing up men were superiors to them. Women were not a loud a voice, they were slaves to their husbands, housewives, cooked, cleaned and tended to their children or others children, and if they refused such things harsh actions were brought upon them. Those traumatic times did not put a stop to these magnificent women. Margery Kemp, Believed there was only one man that was greater than all and that was her God. No matter...

Words: 1629 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Fight at Investment Club Analysis

...Now yes of his ideas showed of being possibly good choices, but there were a few that would not have panned out if they invested at the time. As time went on and after hearing all of the different investments that Korn wanted the club to invest in Width started to see that he may be losing his power of having the final say and seeing he knew he had to do something to stop that. Width had decided that it was time to get rid of Korn and set up a secret meeting to vote to get rid of him so as though no one would be taking his power of final choice over what is going to be done. At that meeting it came to the conclusion that David Korn was to be out of the club if they were to keep the club running. After Korn was kicked out of the club there it seemed as though were fewer fights that had gone on based off of the stocks that the...

Words: 1299 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Test Bank Fraud Accounting

...Answer Floating Strip Spinning Kiting Add Question Here Multiple Choice Question Which is following observations is TRUE? Answer Research shows...

Words: 9238 - Pages: 37

Premium Essay

Court History and Purpose Paper

...Court History and Purpose Paper A court in general is defined as an organization or unit of the legal extension of government, approved or made by statute or constitution, and comprising of one or more legal officers, which has the power to choose cases, discussions in law, and question matters of certainty brought before it. There are three different components which include the following: To be viewed as a court, it must have legitimate lawful power, as spelled out in the constitutions or statutes, Courts are by and large found in the legal rather than authoritative and official extensions of government, and Courts are enabled to settle on choices that are tying. The thought of "[deciding] upon cases, debates in law, and questioned matters of truth" is known as arbitration, or "the procedure by which a court touches base at a choice with respect to a case. The functions of the courts are upholding the law, protecting individuals, resolving disputes, and reinforcing social norms. There are many different courts on both the State and Federal level, but the one that will be discussed is the United States District Court (Frank Schmalleger, January 2010). The United States District Courts are the trial courts of the government court framework. Inside cutoff points set by Congress and the Constitution, the area courts have locale to hear almost all classes of government cases, including both common and criminal matters....

Words: 1375 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

How Democratic Is the Uk Political System?

...Although Britain is a democracy, some people and institutions which have power have not been elected by the people. This could be seen as undemocratic. An example of this is the House of Lords; the members are unelected, yet still hold power as bills cannot be passed without being considered by both Houses. The House of Commons could be viewed as more democratic than the Lords, as all MPs are elected, for example Ian Lucas was elected as the MP for Wrexham. The UK has a ‘first past the post’ electoral system. Many seen this as undemocratic as it allows a political party to gain seats in parliament even if another party had thousands more votes. An example is the Green party, who gained a seat in parliament with around 300,000 votes in the last election. UKIP had over three times this amount of votes, yet they failed to gain a single seat. Another issue is the fact that in the UK we have a fusion of power. This means that the executive are part of the legislature. The problem with this is that laws can realistically only be passed if the government back them, so the government controls parliament to a degree. With this in mind, we can assume that countries such as the USA, which...

Words: 1110 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Advance Directives

...VanOrsdale 23 August 2015 Advance Directives Advance directives relate to treatment inclinations and the designation of a surrogate leader if a man ought to end up not able to settle for therapeutic choices all alone sake. Advance directives for the most part fall into three classes: living will, health care proxy and power of attorney (Fremgen, 113). Living will This is a composed report that determines what sorts of medicinal treatment are craved. A living will can be certain or extremely broad. More particular living wills may incorporate data in regards to a singular's longing for such administrations, for example, absence of pain (agony alleviation), anti-infection agents, hydration, bolstering, and the utilization of ventilators or cardiopulmonary revival (Fremgen, 114). Health care proxy This is an authoritative report in which an individual assigns someone else to settle on health care sets in the occurrence that he or else she is rendered unequipped for making their wishes known. The health care proxy has, generally, the same rights to demand or decline treatment that the individual would have if equipped for settling on and conveying choices ( Strong power of attorney This is the third sort of advance directives. People may draft authoritative reports giving power of attorney to others on account of weakening therapeutic condition....

Words: 1132 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Criminal Acts and Choices

...Criminal Acts and Choices Criminal Acts and Choices Choice Theory gives us an explanation of motivation which is different from what many people have been taught. An aspect of Choice Theory is the belief that we are internally, not externally motivated. Other theories suggest that certain events that happened in life cause people to behave in certain ways; Choice Theory teaches that these events do not make people do anything. Peoples behaviors are internally developed feelings of what is most important and satisfying to them. People have ideas of how they would like things to be. People want to be connected with other people and achieve the same things that their neighbor does. Choice theory is exactly what it says, people have to make a choice on their own as the how they will behave and what standards they will hold themselves to. No amount of law can make a person do something that they do not want to do each individual has to make that choice for themselves. Southern California psychiatrist William Glasser, the author of Reality Therapy, believes that almost all human misery is caused by people trying to control others. He says, “the only behavior we can control is our own; by the same token, no one can make us do anything we don't want to....

Words: 797 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Police Discretion

...Police discretion is the ability granted by the legal system to police offices, in certain situations, to act in a manner that allows authorities to make responsible decisions and individual choices or judgments, within certain legal bounds. In law enforcement, discretion is left up to each individual officer to make reasonable and responsible decisions out in the field everyday (Beech, 2008). Discretion is used in many situations, such as when an officer chooses to stop a vehicle for a small traffic violation. There are also times when the officer has no choice but to use specific discretion in certain situations and make a decision on what type of force is necessary for certain situations (Elicker, 2007). Society believes that an officer can make any choice he or she chooses at anytime while on the job, which is highly incorrect as there are many situations when an officer has no choice but to follow the law. For the most part every officer has a choice when to use or not to use discretion, and enforce the law, but allowing this choice to be made by individuals, who may seem like an average member of society, can pose a real threat regarding the misuse of such power (Delattre, 2006). Police discretion though it relates to decisions about whether or not a chargeof the police officer in that situation where force may be required. Police officers are given a wide range of options when confronted by a potentially dangerous situation....

Words: 2669 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

National Culture Im Pact on Entry Mode Attractiveness

...Consequently, in their attempt to gain competitive adva ntage, firms frequently expand their operations to new foreign markets and their choice o f how to enter those markets is influenced by a wide variety of factors. This paper will only focus on developin g a conceptual model of the influence of national culture on the entry mode decisions by combining two international business themes : the multi - national business perspective with the ho me and ho st country influences. The paper will be structured as follows: firstly, a short review of the theories used, more precisely of the hierarchical model of market entry modes and of Geert Hofstede’s model of five cultural dimensions of national culture , will b e provided . Secondly, a conceptual model will be developed, proposing that national culture influences choices between equity and non - equity, as well as within the equity category, but not within the non - equity category. Finally, several conclusions will b e drawn . A multi - national business perspective - The hierarchical model of m arket entry modes – When deciding to enter a new market, firms are confronted with a wide variety of different entry modes to choose from, taking into account their desired level of ownership and control, resource commitment and risk taking among others . Thus, entry modes choices are highly strategic decisions, assuming a trade - off between risk and return (Davis, 2006)....

Words: 2467 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Path Dependency Theory

...Palaeoinstitutionalism showed very little interest in cumulative theory building (Shepsle, 1989; Easton, 1971; Eckstein, 1979) and development of critical theory was missing.This school basically believed that political behavior was moulded and shaped by the formal rules of institutional arrangement (Hirsch, 1997) neglecting equivalent power dynamics. It was rules-to-power relationship which believed that actors manning the institutions derived power from the rules governing the institutional setup.Since the power flow is from rules to institutions and then to actors; the politics,economics and society answered to the prevailing institutional establishment leading to institutional domination.The politics,economics and the society was dictated by institutional norms; formal norms which had the power to create and also contain power.Power was born in the institution and also died in the institution creating a situation of institutional...

Words: 2533 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Oday’s Business Environment: Law and Ethics

...all of the other choices are correct; there is no one agreed upon best definition ANSWER: e (page 3) National:  AACSB Analytic; Communication; AICPA BB-Legal 4. Which of the following is an accepted definition of law? a. a body of rules of action or conduct prescribed by controlling authority, and having binding legal force b. a body of rules of action or conduct...

Words: 16618 - Pages: 67