War and Peace

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By jmerj212
Words 2915
Pages 12
TERRORISM, WAR, PEACE
AND HUMAN RIGHTS

FACULTY GUIDEBAC 445









FONTBONNE UNIVERSITY

OPTIONS

BACHELOR OF ARTS IN CONTEMPORARY STUDIES












COURSE DESCRIPTION

This course will explore ethical, theoretical, and practical questions relating to terrorism, the engagement of war, cultural and ethnic conflicts. This course will explore why we wage war, the development of terrorism and its impact on societies, society’s quest for peace and the methods attempted to achieve peace. This course will also explore the concept of human rights and how terrorism and war impact these rights.

















































© Copyright Fontbonne University,
St. Louis, MO, January 2007.
COURSE OVERVIEW



TOPICS

• Historic and philosophical positions on war
• Contemporary moral foundations on war
• Human rights
• Terrorism
• Humanitarian intervention and preemptive war
• Religious positions on war
• Toward a theory of just peace


COURSE OVERVIEW



INTRODUCTORY NOTES TO FACULTY

The subjects of war, peace, terrorism and human rights are daily fare in the media. While people form strong opinions on these matters and tend to regard them as right or wrong, many do not have the skills to analyze and clearly articulate a rationale for their positions. The purpose of this course is thus twofold: to equip students with the ethical theories needed to make a judgment concerning the morality of a particular action or conflict and to examine these actions and conflicts in a rational and objective manner.

The four major components, each of which counts equally toward the evaluation of the student:

Class attendance and participation in activities 10%
Mid-term and Final 50%
Presentations 25%
Homework and in class assignments 10%…...

Similar Documents

Peace

... national paper was complicated. On 1st May 1942,the Northern Rhodesian government proclaimed Emergency Powers Control Regulation No.110 which prohibited publication of any new newspapers unless exempted by the Director of Civil Supplies. The order was signed by the acting Chief Secretary Keith Tucker, its purpose was to conserve newsprint which was becoming scarce during World War 2. The relationship between Northern News and Government can be described as amicable. Neither side picked quarrels with other, although the paper was mildly critical of the Protectorate Government, Particularly between 1953 and 1963 when Welensky’s Federation had become reality. African nationalists took great exception to the Northern News policy of supporting Welensky and the Federation.UNIP in particular accused Northern News of deliberate distortion of news to suit white settlers. It wasn’t an independent paper, it was the voice of Roy Welensky.He was not the first one to manipulate his way into Government, it is clear to state that Welensky became prime of the Federation largely because of the Northern News. The paper catered for whites only, if and when stories about indigenous people appeared, they were full of racial epithals. The paper...

Words: 692 - Pages: 3

War and Peace

...War and Peace In 1914, all the world’s major powers went into war. The war started in Europe, we know as being the First World War or “The Great War”. Although, great is the worst word to tag to its name. Unless you would consider millions of people dying amongst massive carnage, then you would be spot on. As big as the war was, it was the soldiers that fought in it came out most impacted. Peace treaties ended the war, but they did not of which put an end to the trauma and after effects of the wars survivors. Before the war, the government did an excellent job of conveying that political situations were not worth fighting for, then within a year their thoughts changed and most people were on board with the idea of war. As the war began, “most people seemed genuinely convinced that their nation’s cause was just.” (Spielvogel 881) Which was a good thing for the troops; because they would need all the support they could to make it through the tough conditions they were about to ender on the battle field. Most of the fighting took part in what was called trench warfare. Fighters spent basically four years fighting in trenches protected by barbed wire and backed by heavy artillery. “Soldiers in the trenches also lived with the persistent presence of death.” (Spielvogel 886) As soldiers were being killed in these trenches, the others have to keep on fighting amidst all the dead bodies of their fellow soldiers all around them. “No-man’s land” separates the...

Words: 554 - Pages: 3

War and Peace

...TERRORISM, WAR, PEACE AND HUMAN RIGHTS FACULTY GUIDEBAC 445 FONTBONNE UNIVERSITY OPTIONS BACHELOR OF ARTS IN CONTEMPORARY STUDIES COURSE DESCRIPTION This course will explore ethical, theoretical, and practical questions relating to terrorism, the engagement of war, cultural and ethnic conflicts. This course will explore why we wage war, the development of terrorism and its impact on societies, society’s quest for peace and the methods attempted to achieve peace. This course will also explore the concept of human rights and how terrorism and war impact these rights. © Copyright Fontbonne University, St. Louis, MO, January 2007. COURSE OVERVIEW TOPICS • Historic and philosophical positions on war • Contemporary moral foundations on war • Human rights • Terrorism • Humanitarian intervention and preemptive war • Religious positions on war • Toward a theory of just peace COURSE OVERVIEW INTRODUCTORY NOTES TO FACULTY The subjects of war, peace, terrorism and human rights are daily fare in the media. While people form strong opinions on these matters and tend to regard them as right or wrong, many do not have the skills to analyze and clearly articulate a rationale for their positions. The purpose of this course is thus twofold: to equip students with the ethical theories needed to make a...

Words: 2915 - Pages: 12

Peace

... buildings or any other learning material. Our elders support education. | In Afghanistan, 2 decades of conflict have not only destroyed the country’s brick and mortar, but have torn its social fabric and created a long lasting education crisis. | In rural areas, children have very limited or even no access to nearby schools. | Desperate to learn, and deserving of their right to do so, the future of a nation depends on these children. | PEACE EDUCATION “Peace is not an absence of war” Peace education in all forms is, at the most basic level, concerned with the creation of a better world. Every aspect of education can should be utilized to promote peace and understanding. Peace is a virtue, a state of mind, a disposition for compassion, confidence and justice. Peace is our future and peace education is a key means toward reaching future. Peace educators have an important role to play in the struggle for peace because they help to influence the important values and beliefs for their students. Schools, churches and community groups provide the basic foundation for changes in society. Education might help create a more peaceful society by raising young people to have an aversion to violence, an international awareness, an ability to resolve social conflicts peacefully and an understanding of the calamity of war. Peace education activities that attempt to end violence and conflict can be carried out informally within communities or formally......

Words: 9064 - Pages: 37

The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid

...The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid SOC 300 Submitted to: Prof. Bernard Curry Feb. 11, 2014 Submitted by: Roberto Tan III SU200096169 There so much said and written about foreign aid that it has become difficult to justify its effectiveness. But if we look at the overall picture in the eye of citizens of a developing country, an honest assessment might conclude that progress has been made. Though, profound social disparities and extreme poverty are still lurking in some parts of this fragile planet. Foreign aid is the transfer of capital, goods, or services from one country to another. And aid can be given in numerous forms - from humanitarian emergency assistance, to food aid, military assistance, and so on. If we are to argue the effectiveness of these programs, may be that will depend on how the differing forms of aid is being administered to its recipients and considering its economic, social, and political environment. And these activities will have an impact on a particular set of relations – in this case, peace and war dynamics. In this paper, I would like to talk about the case of Afghanistan. The Afghan crisis has gone through numbers of transformative phases over periods of time. The conflict did not start in 1979 with the Soviet invasion, but is rooted in historical processes of state formation and ultimately a crisis in the identity formation and failure of governance of the state. Foreign aid and reconstruction must be based on...

Words: 987 - Pages: 4

Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid

...Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid Glenda K. Walker Strayer University SOC 300- Sociology of Developing Countries May 4, 2014 Mr. J. Cathey The proliferation of crises around the world has led to a sharp increase in the scale of humanitarian aid required to meet the vital needs of the people affected by them for food, water, medical care and shelter. Humanitarian organizations can either meet those needs directly or support local services engaged in the same work. In most cases, both approaches are used. Malnutrition, illness, wounds, torture, harassment of specific groups within the population, disappearances, extra-judicial executions and the forcible displacement of people are all found in many armed conflicts. Aside from their direct effects on the individuals concerned, the consequences of these tragedies for local systems must also be considered: the destruction of crops and places of cultural importance, the breakdown of economic infrastructure and of health-care facilities such as hospitals, etc. The impact of armed conflict on people and systems vital to their survival can take different forms, as the following examples illustrate:  when Rwandan refugees fled into former Zaire, the mortality rate rose sharply, to as much as 10 times what is regarded as the threshold of extreme emergency, and large scale displacement invariably causes a dramatic increase in malnutrition rates. In children under the age of five, this can reach 20% (Rwandan refugees in...

Words: 1531 - Pages: 7

The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid

...Foreign aid encompasses technical, military, humanitarian and financial assistance provided by developed countries to help foster economic, political and social progression in developing countries. Foreign aid results in positive and negative consequences for developing countries and is subject to decisions made by government officials with regard to its distribution (Leonard, 2006). Examined in this paper is the impact of peace and war on foreign aid distribution, specific actions undertaken by government officials to relieve problems resulting from warfare and the role of foreign aid in poverty and warfare reduction in India. India is not immune to intrastate and interstate warfare. The relationship between India and Pakistan has always been rocky characterized by multiple outbreaks of warfare. However, it was not until the second interstate war of 1965 that international states intervened to offer foreign aid to advance their own selfish agendas. The United States failed to offer any foreign aid to India, as it was not in its best interest (Hagerty, 2005). At the time, Nehru, a strong proponent for socialism led the Indian government. He advocated for the nationalization of infrastructure and business, which undermined privatization. As a result, the Soviet Union was inclined to offer its support, as India served to undermine capitalism (an ideology propagated by the US during the Cold War) (Leonard, 2006). Post-Cold War India is predominantly a peaceful state with...

Words: 886 - Pages: 4

The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid

...The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid Louis Kerry Holmes Jr. Strayer University SOC 300 Professor Terry C. October 31, 2014 The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid War comes with many costs, and Foreign Aid is one among the many. In fact, there has been many cases the biggest that a nation had to pay. In International relations, overseas aid or foreign aid being used in the form of a voluntary transfer of resources from a developed country, such as the United States of America to developing nation like Bangladesh or India. A part of the objective behind this act of giving is often Humanitarianism and altruism. Humanitarianism meaning the ethic of kindness, Benevolence and sympathy extended universally and impartially to all human being for welfare of humanity. Similarly altruism stands for selflessness, a concern for the welfare of others: These aids have other functions too. It may be given as a signal of diplomatic approval, or to strengthen a military ally, to reward a government for behavior desired by the donor, to extend the donor's cultural influence, to provide infrastructure needed by the donor for resource extraction from the recipient country, or to gain other kinds of commercial access. There are all kinds of aid: Emergency aid, development aid, official development Assistance or ODA, private giving, cash aid, in-kind aid, air priorities, logistics, etc. In developing countries like India and Bangladesh, foreign aid has...

Words: 910 - Pages: 4

The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid

...The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid Leon Moore Dr. Bernard Curry Soc 300 7/22/2015 Foreign aid encompasses the technical, military; humanitarian along with financial assistance is given to the developed nations for helping to foster economic, political as well as social progression within the developing countries. Foreign aid outcomes in the positive along with negative consequences for developing countries and has been the subject of decisions made by the government officials regarding their distribution. Discussed in this paper has been the effect of peace along with war on the foreign aid distribution, particular actions undertaken by government officials for relieving the issues out coming from the warfare as well as role of the foreign aid in the poverty and also warfare reduction within India. India has not been immune to intrastate along with interstate the warfare. Partnership within the India, as well as Pakistan, has commonly been rough showcased via many breakouts of war. Not until the 2nd domestic war of the year 1965, which worldwide States stepped in for providing the foreign aid for advancing its self-seeking programs. The US failed for offering any international help to the India like this had not remained in their benefit (Sahoo & Sethi, 2013). At the time, Nehru, the firm advocate for the socialist-led Indian government. He has supported for nationalization concerning the framework together with the business that threatened the...

Words: 887 - Pages: 4

Peace

...KHUTBAH JUMAAT 28 – 11 MAY 2007 ISU PENGGUGURAN KANDUNGAN Taqdim Sidang jumaat yang dimuliakan Saya berpesan kepada diri sendiri dan berpesan kepada seluruh saudaraku muslimin agar bertaqwa kepada Allah, dengan memahmi konsep agama Islam, tujuan, sebab dan rasional Islam diutuskan, dan menghayati segala perintah dan larangan Allah, mudah-mudahan ianya akan membawa kepada kejayaan hidup dunia dan akhirat. Muslimin yang berbahagia Minggu ini kita dipaparkan dengan berita pro dan kontra masyarakat berkenaan pengguguran, adakah ianya melambangkan hak wanita membuat pilihan, atau kepakaran para doktor perubatan, atau mungkin manusia terlupa tentang hak untuk hidup serta terlupa tanggungjawab dan tugas sebenar mereka dalam kehidupan ini. Almost a quarter of GPs are refusing to sign abortion referral forms. According to the poll by the doctors' newspaper Pulse, nearly one in five GPs do not believe abortion should be legal. And 55% of the 309 GPs questioned said they wanted the current 24-week limit for abortions to be reduced. The law in the UK states that two doctors need to sign a form referring a female patient for an abortion, to show that the woman meets the grounds that make abortion legal. The most common reasons for abortion within 24 weeks relate to the woman's physical or mental health. But 24% of GPs questioned said they would not sign abortion referral forms and 19% did not believe abortion should be legal. While two days ago, it’s being reported in metro...

Words: 2372 - Pages: 10

Peace

... charity, God is fully aware thereof” (3:92). This promotes equality amongst the Islam adherents, and reduces personal greed. Organisations world wide help promote peace, one in particular is the World Council for Muslim Interfaith Relations (WCMIR). WCMIR has worked locally and internationally to provide health care and welfare for children. The division of the world into the notion that Muslims ought to strive to bring "dar al Harb" under Islamic influence is the idea that is used by Muslim extremists to promote their ideology of an aggressive propagation of Islam. Some such extremists use the term "jihad" to describe their campaigns of violence. Thus the term "jihad" has, in the minds of many, come to be associated with the idea of a holy war against all who do not embrace Islam.Such extremist views, however, are clearly matters of ideology rather than an authentic vision of Islam and there is no doubt that authentic Islam abhors the use of force and seeks to promote peace. Overall, the principal teachings and organisation convey world peace. In conclusion, both Christianity and Islam have had a considerable effect on the ways in which adherents live a peaceful life and contribute to world peace. This is seen through the sacred texts, principal teachings and through organisations for both religions....

Words: 972 - Pages: 4

Peace

... pain, agony or despair when a prayer was pulled out of me with surprising strength. I was taught to read the word, pray the word so that it became a part of my daily prayer time. I began to learn how to apply scripture with pray as we prayed for the sick. God was setting me up for something good, in that once the infirmary of sickness hit my body, I had the secret. It was the power of prayer that kept me time the time of despair. I stood on Isaiah 53:5, but he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. During this time of sickness prayer was an avenue of peace; it was my way out of life’s challenges. The solace of prayer helped me, when family and friends didn’t understand my faith. Repeatedly, I remember during this time of great trial I experienced God's presence during prayer. A sunset, a song, or a baby's smile helps me to remember that God speaks to me in many ways if I am open and willing to see and to listen. When my heart is touched by the presence of God during prayer, I often respond with words of gratitude or praise or simply an inner smile of joy. I learned to pray in and out of season, at any time and for any reason. You would find me on my knees crying out to God. My relationship with Him was built on prayer. As I read Celebration of Discipline, I agree that real prayer is something we learn to do. For there were times I had to ask the Lord teach......

Words: 613 - Pages: 3

War & Peace

...Brooke Basham April 20 2014 Research Paper News coverage is always evolving. The media industry gets a jolt from certain events, which brings instant change on how the media portrays these events. The media is faced with extreme controversy because media outlets are bias. The media is a form of propaganda making their bias tendencies a serious problem. Fox news was the most popular news coverage during the 2003 invasion on Iraq. They influenced other media outlets to cover war in the same way. CNN and MSNBC do not cover war the same way as Fox. The media has a tendency to leave out important information while covering war. They usually only show the pro-war side and not the anti-war side. As we all know, the media is a huge part of our every day lives. Whether we notice it or not, television and the Internet is our main source to obtain information. It is commonly used and widespread because it is used in many countries. Today, most people have phones that can access the Internet making a source of media right at your fingertips. We want to believe everything the media says because they are delivering important information about our country, but unfortunately it is not always accurate. Some believe media coverage is mainly influenced by national contexts. Coverage is expected to vary from news station to news station (Gerhards and Schafer 2013). A news station has different journalist, which separates every station from each other. Each station may believe in...

Words: 2349 - Pages: 10

Effects of War and Peace

...The Effects of War and Peace on Foreign Aid LaRonda McKay Strayed University Sociology of Developing Countries Professor Donna Robinson November 1, 2015 The Effect of War and Peace on Foreign Aid Egypt is a developing country that has poor living conditions and very few job opportunities. Since 2011 the Egyptian government has been questionable about what it stands for. This has caused almost no economic growth and in return lead to borrowing lots of money and relying on their allies to foot the bill. Egypt chosen a new path to reform which will lead to economic growth and stability by building new infrastructure and creating jobs for the people. Foreign aid is providing Egypt with the funding to help reach economic stability. To bad the countries internal conflicts are likely to erupt into a civil war that will easily be a negative effect on their growth. On Tuesday, January 25, 2011, in Egypt protesters took to the streets. They were protesting against poverty, unemployment, and government corruption. The protest was taking place in Cairo and two other major cities. The police arrested and injured many protesters. The military moved in to take over security, and the protesters did not even care because they have more respect for the military than the police department. The government shut down internet access in the country to keep the protesters from sending out information. After eighteen days of protest, President Hosni Mubarak resigned and left Cairo. Due to...

Words: 1417 - Pages: 6

Is the War Is Bring Peace ?

...From my opinion , It depends. There are a lot of reasons for war. It depends on why the war is being fought, who is fighting the war, and how the war is being fought. These are three big reason's that come to mind when I think about war and peace. Let's look at the first issue of war and that is why the war is being fought. There are many reasons for war. War is normally started by conflicting Idea's. If you look at the two major wars in American history, the Revolutionary and Civil war, you will see that they both were started because of conflicting idea's. Let's first look at the Revolutionary war which brought Independence to America. The reason it was fought was not for this reason only, but one of the major reason's was the colonies didn't want to be taxed without representation, which conflicted with the idea's of the British Empire. Did this war bring peace? Well it depends on which side of the war you were on. If you were on the colonies side then yes the Revolutionary war brought independence and more peace than there was before the war except for the lose of lives, which is always a factor of war. If you were on the British Empire side then no the war did not bring peace. The war was lost along with the 13 colonies and lives were lost. Now lets look at the Civil war. Another war that was fought over conflicting idea's. The North wanted to end slavery which conflicted with the South idea of wanting to keep slavery. After the war was fought slavery was...

Words: 641 - Pages: 3