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A Case of Poverty in Kenya

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A CASE OF POVERTY IN KENYA
INTRODUCTION
MEANING OF POVERTY
The synonyms of poverty can be said to be beggary, indigence, neediness, hardship, a state of being extremely poor inferior in quality and in amount or the scarcity and deficiency, shortages, absence or lack more in amount. Therefore is a condition where people’s basic needs for food, clothing and shelter are not being met. Poverty is generally of two types i.e. absolute and relative poverty. Absolute poverty is synonymous with destitution and occur when people cannot obtain adequate resources (measured in terms of calories or nutrition) to support a minimum level of physical health. It also includes deprivation of basic human needs including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information. The graph below shows the proportion of the world population in extreme poverty between 1981-2008 according to the World Bank

.
Relative poverty occur when people do not enjoy a certain minimum level of living standards as determined by the government (enjoyed by the bulk of the population that vary from country to country or within the same country.
1964, in a joint committee, economic presidents’ report in US, Republicans endorsed the concept of relative poverty, ‘no objective definition of poverty exists… The definition varies from place to place and time to time.
Different people and organizations view poverty differently. For example, Adam Smith in 1776 in Wealth of Nations argued that poverty is the inability to afford, “not only the commodities that are indispensably necessary for life support but whatever the country’s custom renders it indecent for credible people even of the lowest order to be without”. Therefor he views that not only lacking basic needs shows that one person is poor but it is what the government renders for people.
According to

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