Premium Essay

A Qualitative Study Evaluation

In: Social Issues

Submitted By dylana
Words 3255
Pages 14
Evaluation of the qualitative study: ‘In the Club: Ecstasy Use and Supply in a London Nightclub’

Table of contents:

1. Overview 3

2. Qualitative research approach methods and Quantitative research approach 4

3. The strength and weakness of Observation data collection 6

4. The strength and weaknesses of in-depth interview 6

5. Focus group discussion 7

6. Conclusion 9

7. References 10

Overview The aim of this report is to evaluate the qualitative study ‘In the Club: Ecstasy Use and Supply in a London Nightclub’ by Bill Sanders which was published in 2005 in the Sociology journal. The report will give a brief overview of the research aims, a description of the methods used, and explain the main findings reported in the paper that have been selected. A discussion of why a qualitative research approach has been chosen for the research question or questions posed in the study will also be evaluated. Furthermore, the use of an extended evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of the method or methods used in the research will focus in particular upon their appropriateness to the project’s key research question or questions posed and the robustness of the claims made in the article. Finally, a consideration of the potential contribution that a different qualitative method could have on the research question asked will be conducted to assess its strengths and weaknesses.
The research was to explore what was widely known about those that used the drug ecstasy, those that sold the drug and whether these was a correlation between the two. Additional the researcher wanted to discover whether use of ecstasy within clubs club scene mirror the image of drug use as a subgroup. In an effect to verify the research aim the research methodologies used was observational data collection on the use of ecstasy and ecstasy selling...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Evaluation of Qualitative Study

...Evaluation of a Qualitative Study Introduction There is no formal introduction, but in paragraph 2 the author explains their position on the study and mentions past literature to back up him/her up.   The author also uses a descriptive approach when beginning this article to let the readers know who the author was studying and why this study was important. Title for the Study The title reflects the central phenomenon being studied.   The title also reflects the people that are being studied but not the site where they are being studied.   Problem Statement The problem statement does indicate an educational issue.   The study tries to advocate using teen magazines as a mean of teaching and that the magazines need to be placed in the classrooms.   The author has provided ample evidence that this issue may be important.   The author feels that the magazines are vital tool in the four girls’ life and reading magazines may evolve into other reading.   The author chose this issue based on her personal experience because she spent a year following the participants and gathering information.   This study displays many qualities of a qualitative study for example, in paragraph 2 the author looks at the problem of young female adolescents and how they feel about themselves.   Another example would be the data collection and the small number of participants.   Review of the Literature The literature in this study does not play a huge role, which is consistent with......

Words: 299 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Qualitative Research

...obtained are broadly classified into two categories; Qualitative Research and Quantitative Research. The purpose of this paper is to translate my course learning into a reflective question paper on the topic of Qualitative Research. This paper will also seek to describe a research project where qualitative research would be most appropriate, discuss key challenges in collecting and evaluating qualitative data, recommend actions for addressing the challenges identified for each of the three qualitative methodologies, and discuss whether mixing qualitative and quantitative methods would result in better research for your particular learning community. Qualitative Research Qualitative research, also called naturalistic inquiry, developed within the social and human sciences, and refers to theories on interpretation (hermeneutics) and human experience (phenomenology). They include various strategies for systematic collection, organization and interpretation of textual material obtained while talking with people or through observation. The aim of such research is to investigate the meaning of social phenomena as experienced by the people themselves." (Malterud, 2001, p. 398). It is important to understand that qualitative research is not a single type of social inquiry. It surfaces from a number of different research traditions or disciplines. Qualitative research developed in the social and human......

Words: 1040 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Explain Research and Evaluation in a Public Relations Context, the Methods Used to Gather Data for These Purposes, and Why Research and Evaluation Are Important to the Pr Planning Process

...Research and evaluation go hand-in-hand as key features that contribute to any successful public relations efforts. Without them, public relations plans and activities would have no clear direction or guidance as to how to speak to their intended audiences. With the increase in organisations seeking justification for their PR spend; it is even more important for practitioners to demonstrate return on their investment through their own evaluation. Effective primary and secondary research, along with a commitment to ongoing evaluation is crucial to any public relations plan. It is important that both research and evaluation are always undertaken as it will ultimately provide a solid foundation and help to ensure the campaign is continually evolving, increasing the chances of its success. Research, an essential tool for any public relations campaign, assists with the gathering of information and opinions, contributing to the strategic plans ability to increase its efficiency, establish realistic goals and target the right market. With the main purpose of research being to find answers to the questions being asked, it enables the public relations practitioner to build theories that will assist in solving the problems they will face. Harold D. Lasswell, a political scientist, explained the questions every practitioner should ask, ‘who says what, to whom, how, with what effect’ (Lindenmann 2006, p. 3). If a practitioner can find answers to these questions, they will be in a......

Words: 979 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Understanding Business Research Terms and Concepts: Part 2

...RES/351 2/1/2016 University of Phoenix Understanding Business Research Terms and Concepts: Part 1 How can we embrace understanding business research terms and concepts by comparing Lender evaluations of start-up business prospects and understanding the effect of a web-based tutorial on problem formulation ability by using qualitative and quantitative research designs? The business of rental cars can benefit from both quantitative and qualitative research designs by combining both designs for maximum effect. Lender evaluations of start-up business prospects The study was collected in 2003 and 2005 from the data bases in Finnvera, a state-owned financial institution. The data collected allows the qualitative ways authors can examine the information based on personal history and firm-specific characteristics of business prospects, and market position impact firm performance. The weakness of using the qualitative design for lender evaluations is the understanding parts of the data because it can be misunderstood because of personal opinions of the researchers. By using the quantitative design, the researchers can begin to explain the data results and come to a more itemized way of using the data. Lenders struggle with the data results as stated Iselin (1988), “Some studies state that inconsistency in previous findings could result from improper measurement of information loads as well as failure to rule out the effects of confounding variables.” This......

Words: 577 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Children with Cerebral Palsy

...Palsy Grand Canyon University: NRS-433V Introduction to Nursing Research Dr. Diana Naser Various Treatments for Children with Cerebral Palsy First Quantitative Study Honkavaara, M., Rintala, P., (2010), The influence of short term, intensive hippotherapy on gait in children with cerebral palsy. European Journal of Adapted Physical Activity, 3(2), 29- 36. Retrieved from: 0d8e-4cc4-97c5-ec0c3cbd1e4a%40sessionmgr115&vid=32&hid=104 Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of short term hippotherapy on functional gait changes in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Participants were two boys (ages 12 and 13) with spastic diplegia and a girl (14 yrs) with athetoid CP. Single-subject (ABA) design was used to determine quantitative changes in functional gait parameters (velocity, stride length, and cadence) following three weeks of hippotherapy. The two boys demonstrated improvement in stride length and gait velocity without sustained improvement in cadence. There was increase in stride length and cadence, but most noticeable improvements in velocity for the girl. The results indicated that it is possible that short-term hippotherapy may improve functional gait in children with cerebral palsy Second Quantitative Study Galli, M., Cimolin, V., Valente, E., Crivellini, M., Ialongo, T., Albertini, G. (2006). Computerized gait analysis of Botulinum Toxin treatment in......

Words: 1557 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Social Science

...It will maintain its existence, regardless of our knowledge about it. For that reason, there is no other way to study poverty rather than objectively. Only objective and measurable data can produce scientific knowledge. Interpretivists, alternatively, argue that poverty exists only because people share the same knowledge about it and it cannot exist outside of our minds. It has to be studied subjectively and look at individual case studies, because every person within a particular society has his/her own understanding and perception of the word “poverty”. Both approaches are closely linked to methodology used for measuring poverty. Choice of epistemology directly influences on the type of research that will be conducted. Since positivists prefer to conduct researches objectively, they are more likely to use quantitative methods in measuring poverty. Quantitative research study designs include systematic analysis, randomised control trial, cohort study, case control study and etc (Kanbur, R., 2001). It uses “large scale” samples and tries to exclude any values. Statistical data gathered from researches is reliable and gives a clear view of reality, but wrong correlations within a study can be made. At large, quantitative methods produce hypotheses and show connections between variables. Interpretivists, conversely, use subjective methods of research. Qualitative can be used for examining people’s belief, attitudes and experiences. It doesn’t try to find one objective......

Words: 1260 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...Marketing Research Project Types and Examples 1. Satisfaction Studies: Obtain measures of satisfaction for different attributes of products and services, and relate this to customer type or segment, experience, demographics etc. Data/Methodology: Satisfaction studies typically require a mix of qualitative and quantitative approaches. At an early stage, qualitative research techniques such as focus groups or one-on-one customer interviews might reveal unexpected dimensions of customer dissatisfaction. Usually customer satisfaction measures and information on customer type are collected by use of a survey. A satisfaction survey frequently includes items dealing with importance and performance of various attributes, and some information on customer type (heavy/light user, experience and other segmentation variables). In addition to simple tabulation, analysis could include cross-tab and regression analysis to understand predictors of satisfaction. Are all segments equally satisfied? Why/why not? Is performance adequate on the most important attributes? Why/why not? EXAMPLE PROJECT: Research Purpose: Find areas of improvement in the order experience for an online retailer selling specialty dog chew-toys. Research Objectives: Using a sample of current customers, measure importance of key dimensions of the purchase experience, and current performance along these dimensions and relate these to purchase frequency, customer type and demographics. Possible Recommendations: Redesign......

Words: 1415 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Ibrar 3

...Why We Study Research? There are 5 general reasons of studying research. 1. Description 2. Explanation 3. Forecasting 4. Modeling 5. Evaluation These are not completely independent from each other, they are almost interdependent. The two most frequent objectives are description and explanation. Description: Research is studied to describe the subjects as (gender, race, age, income, work status, political affiliation, etc.).This is just an exploratory phase that is undertaken using graphical representations and statistical measures that are not inferential. Explanation: Here we can uncover cause and effect relationships that involve precise hypotheses to be confronted that deals with inferences. Forecasting: This phase deals with the predictions about the conclusions of the research to be conducted, based on the past descriptive research and trends. Modeling: Here we can present our study in a structured way by building some mathematical models which are designed to improve understanding of research. Evaluation: By studying research we can evaluate the effectiveness of a certain research programs in various sectors. What Is a Theory? A theory is a based upon a hypothesis and backed by evidence. A theory presents a concept or idea that is testable. In social sciences, theories are used to provide a model for understanding human thoughts, emotions and behaviors. A social sciences theory has two key components: (1) It describes a behavior (2) It......

Words: 669 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Data Collection needs to be suitable to the research study profile to produce the correct results of the research process. Data Collection Methods The data collection methods used in the Effects of a Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program on Teens’ Attitudes toward Sexuality case study article were both observation and questioners. Both ways the data collection methods used were appropriate because it used six different prevention programs throughout the state of Virginia to gather information instead of collecting data from multiple states to make the results more difficult to determine. On the other hand, changes in a participant’s status on an 82-item survey instrument served as a basis when estimating the program effects in the original evaluation study(Weed, Ericksen, Grant, & Lewis, 2002). Reliability is an experiment, test or any measuring procedure that yields the same results on repeated trials. Validity is the construct measures says it is measuring(Carnmines & Zeller, 1983). The way the data collection methods were used to support the reliability and validity of the study article was it allowed the students to answer questioners anonymous that supported the main purpose of the study which was to examine the effects of interventions in a school-based teen pregnancy program. The steps taken to protect the rights of the subjects in the case study are not mentioned in the article. However, the subjects that were involved in the study were seventh graders that were enrolled......

Words: 1102 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Research Methods

...through reasoning and research. Qualitative research in a complex analysis and is characterized by mathematical calculations but no experimentally. Quantitative research however is carried out experimentally and relies and builds on mathematical techniques such as quality, frequency and amount etc. Qualitative analysis provides more details and is more focused and deep process. Qualitative analysis put emphasis on how and what meaning is given to a certain situation.  Qualitative approach is subjective and has understanding nature. In this type of research, the researcher has to engage more with the subject under consideration. This type of research is also referred to as interpretative research, understanding and gathering information and interpreting it with respect to daily life. Quantitative research method involves the mathematical parameters such as height, weight and other parameters which have numerical value. The emphasis of this type of research is on the comparison between different variable of the system.   So it depends on mathematical techniques and procedures such as mean, median, frequency and other statistical procedures. According to Kotler et al “Marketing research is a process that identifies and defines marketing opportunities and problems, monitors and evaluates marketing actions and performance, and communicates the findings and implications to managements.”   This means that marketing research is the collection, evaluation and recording of......

Words: 1396 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Research Process and Terminology Paper

...of research methods at their disposal. The terminology involved is also a very important aspect when used in the study of criminology and criminal justice. This paper will explore some of the various research methods that are applied to the criminal justice system and explain how the knowledge of the terminology involved can be a valuable tool within these methods of research. Empirical Research in Criminal Justice Although research in criminal justice varies considerably, there are five general steps that are followed in order to conduct research. The first step is called problem formulation. This is the selection and specification of the area that will be investigated. The next step is research design which is the type of experimental or non-experimental approach, with the use of control groups and studying group(s) at one time or over a period of time. The third step is data collection methods which give a choice of various methods to be used such as observation, questionnaires, or interviews. The fourth step is analysis and presentation of findings which is to summarize report and when necessary statistically analyze and present findings. The fifth step is conclusions, interpretations, and limitations which is what the researcher believes the study explains. Quantitative Research in criminal Justice Research is the systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions (Oxford University Press,......

Words: 1362 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting the Study Habits

...directly, and b) the contextual information, which determines whether or not the core research is applicable to given circumstances. That is, the research must be relevant!  Good research is that which paints a complete picture, but not so bogged down with detail ast to detract from the overall picture - i.e. the solution to given problem. The researcher should also be able to convey the research in an accessible format, that is the research must be easy to make use of. This might mean illustrating hundreds and hundres of numbers, for e.g the ages of women working in childcare, into categories of relevance such as the region they live in or their ethnic background, depending on the question being asked. Types of Research Quantitative and Qualitative Quantitative research is the collecting of objective numerical data. Features are classified and counted, and statistical models are constructed to analyze and explain the information that has been gathered. Some of the tools used for this type of research include questionnaires that are given to test subjects, equipment that is used to measure something and databases of existing information. The goal of quantitative research is to compile statistical evidence, so the questionnaires used in this method typically include yes-or-no questions or...

Words: 995 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Fundamentals of Research Methodology Sharon Skinner March 12, 2012 PSYCH/540 Research Methodology Dr. Maribeth Clarke Fundamentals of Research Methodology The Science of Psychology Although the study of human minds are reveals signals of the order and control for one’s wealthy and diverse accountability. Psychology have differ contemporary concepts with differ significant. Psychology has been described in numerous ways over a short time. One main definition currently used is: Psychology is the method of science that study a person mind for one’s beliefs, thinking, and emotions with this information problem-solving can be knowledgeable. Psychology the science is applied to every areas of an individual life. The practice of psychology is in the areas of one’s life. In details, psychologist will study an individual emotion, how, what, why can one’s do it. The area under discussion material does not identify a discipline as scientific; moderately, the techniques used to study the area under discussion material define a discipline. In psychology, a value is on the dependable and compelling purpose of investigational and connecting events in the compiling of behavioral facts. So, of course, individuals can be deliberate methodically researched. Starting a century ago psychological research has made available an important tool of technical and matter-of-fact understanding about one’s type. From constructing a method of research whereas still unfinished......

Words: 1518 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Sample Monitoring & Evaluation Plan

...Sample Monitoring & Evaluation Plan Prepared by: Stephanie Ly, MPH Goal: Create a rigorous monitoring and evaluation plan to assess the effectiveness of a non-profit program addressing violence against women in Central America. Objective 1: Develop a method to collect quantifiable outputs from educational programs by May 2013. * Activity 1.1: Collect data on professional attendees such as police officers and first responders from April-May 2013 * Task 1.1.A. Take regular attendance and collect rosters * Task 1.1.B. Ascertain basic demographic information from professionals including occupation, age, gender, household income, and area of residence * Task 1.1.C. Track any exam scores of participants in classes * Activity 1.2: Collect data on students involved in educational programs from April-May 2013 * Task 1.2.A. Take regular attendance and collect rosters * Task 1.2.B. Ascertain basic demographic information from middle school, high school, college and adult students including age, gender, household income, and area of residence * Task 1.2.C. Track any attitude assessments of participants in classes Objective 2: Design a means to collect qualitative data on non-profit programs by May 2013. * Activity 2.1: Conduct several focus groups with professionals to determine their feelings and attitudes towards women and the non-profit educational program by May 2013 * Task 2.1.A.......

Words: 1696 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Wk 4 Res/351

...Cooper & Schindler (2014), “Managers basically do business research to understand how and why things happen. If the manager needs to know only what happened, or how often things happened, quantitative research methodologies would serve the purpose. But to understand the different meanings that people place on their experiences often requires research techniques that delve more deeply into people’s hidden interpretations, understandings, and motivations. Qualitative research is designed to tell the researcher how (process) and why (meaning) things happen as they do (Ch. 7, pg 144)”.  Strengths and Weaknesses Qualitative techniques are usually rich in story and description, and rather of supplying a result they have a tendency to discuss the procedure. Different from the aims of qualitative inquiry, quantitative methodology doesn't try to understand the circumstances where the individuals being analyzed are related. While quantitative data may explain information numerically, it does not go one-step further, as qualitative investigations often times do, and first understand what is being considered, and follow by comprehending it, and...

Words: 563 - Pages: 3