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African-American Civil Rights

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African-Americans Civil Rights Throughout the 20th Century African-Americans have made significant contributions to America since their introduction to America in the 1600s. Up until 1865, the majority of African-Americans were enslaved working in plantations and only being counted as three-fifths of a person. It wasn’t until the late 1960s with the implementation of President Johnson’s Great Society programs that African-Americans were given equal rights to that of a white person (OpenStax, 849). From Plessy v. Ferguson to the Selma to Montgomery March in 1965, African-Americans have suffered through many setbacks at the expense of a government that did not recognize them equal to the white man. The struggle of for civil rights within the …show more content…
Civil rights happened sooner for the military than it did for civilians. In The Black Panther Party Ten Point Program, this organization urges that black men be exempted from military service. They felt this way because at the time, black people suffered from a racist government that wanted them to go fight in wars that oppressed other people of color. Why should they fight for a government that hated them? Phillip Randolph urged President Roosevelt to end racial discrimination in the federal workforce especially in the defense segment by threatening to have a march on Washington. He argued that with the growth of American jobs due to the ongoing war he felt that African-Americans should be entitled to the same opportunities because they were fighting in wars for America. Economic equality for African-Americans was legally established with President Johnson’s Great Society Programs in the late 1960s (OpenStax). These federal programs initiated by Johnson for civil rights were just like Roosevelt’s programs within the army during WWII like the Tuskegee Airmen and also the starting to have the military integrated. Essentially, the military acted as a catalyst for the mainstream Civil Rights Act. Throughout all four major wars, African-Americans were granted more and more civil rights as time went on until eventually it led for now every African-American having civil rights. Throughout the 20th century, the US went through major changes by fighting in wars and also having major societal changed going from segregation to full on

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