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Agricultural Safety

In: Social Issues

Submitted By nicolebm
Words 2606
Pages 11
Introducción
La produccion y comercialización de alimentos ha sido una permanente inquietud del hombre en su conjunto para satisfacer sus necesidades. Los alimentos constituyen nuestra primera forma de riqueza y su producción la primera actividad económica, que ganó no sólo la mayor parte de empleo y de la prosperidad, sino muchos de los instrumentos a partir de los que más tarde se construiría una economía más diversificada.
De la agricultura surgió una organización económica, el comercio y la especulación y gestiones rudimentarias de contabilidad. Más tarde, en el siglo XVIII el crecimiento de la población europea sobrepasó los métodos de producción de la época y las hambrunas surgieron amenazantes para la humanidad. El hombre tuvo que investigar e implantar tecnologías que requerían menos mano de obra, el cambio de escalas de producción mayores y la asociación de un sistema de intercambio de alimentos.
Con el seguimiento de la revolución industrial, las granjas comenzaron a ser dirigidas como unidades fabriles, en las que las materias primas (semillas, piensos y productos químicos) se convierten en un producto (cereales y carnes). Los comercios independientes se fueron aglutinando progresivamente hasta transformarse hoy en día en enormes y eficaces supermercados que después se convirtieron en cadenas de hiper mercados.
En realidad, el sector moderno de la alimentación se ha convertido en todos los niveles en una versión de la econmía industrial a la que un día sirvió de modelo.
En la actualidad, en buena parte de los países en vías de desarrollo, el crecimiento altamente productivo de la revolución verde está tocando techo y, en algunas ocasiones, disminuyendo su productividad, en unos casos por la falta de fertilizantes u otros productos químicos y, en otros , a causa del excesivo uso de dichos productos qu ehan agotado la capacidad productiva de los...

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