Free Essay

Assessment as an Integral Part of Career Counseling


Submitted By Edda
Words 1847
Pages 8
Assessment for Career Counselor
Course Name:

Assessment for Career Counselor
Career assessment is a process of assessing a person’s interests, skills, personality traits, and values. A person can discover what career suits them best by taking an assessment. If a person’s scores are high in all the areas of assessment, they are assured the job suits them. A career evaluation process involves completing career assessments. These assessments are usually administered by a career counselor. The assessments are not tests since there are no right or wrong answers. The assessment allows a person to see their scores in various careers based on how they answer questions regarding their interests, skills, values and personality traits. Most people use this as a means to make solid career choices (Deborah, 2013).
Process of Assessment Standardization is a way to establish uniform procedures to be used in an assessment. Assessment results should be as objective as possible in order to be considered valid and meaningful. Standardized assessment can be ensured by procedures before, during and after testing. (American Speech- Language-Hearing Association, 2015)
Before Testing
Test developers should provide evidence of what the test measures and the strengths and limitations of the test including the level of precision of test scores. The content and skills that are to be tested are selected and the tests are developed. The students should well prepared with practice tests, answer sheets, manuals and score reports. The testing environment should be well selected. For a standardized assessment it should be given to a group of bout twenty five students. Each groups should have a test administrator who is familiar to the students. The test administrator are responsible for preparing the students. Students should be provided with all the basic information such as the venue of the assessment, level of performance expected and how the results will be used. (American Psychological Association, 2015)
During Testing Test administrators should know how to administrator tests correctly and fairly. Students should be provided with clear instructions on how to answer the questions including the equipment and materials they need. There should reasonable guidelines on how to assess disabled people including whether they need special accommodations. A suitable testing environment should be created. For example, students should be arranged separately in a way that they cannot cheat during their assessment. The environment should be free of any disturbances to be conducive for taking the assessment. During the tests, the administrators should move around to make sure students follow instructions for example, move around the room. Students should also be encouraged to attempt as many questions as they can. Test administrators should have procedures and guidelines to monitor the accuracy of the process. (American Psychological Association, 2015)
After Testing Test administrators should provide accurate test results and help the student interpret them correctly. They should accurately check the student’s identifying information for accuracy. Disabled students should have their results fairly marked as the rest of the students. For example, blind students can have their results changed to machine-scoreable answers. (American Psychological Association, 2015) Purposes of Assessment
Understanding personal and work values are important before beginning any job search. A person’s life experiences such as upbringing, gender, education, culture and other related variables shape their values. A person’s values explain their judgment, preferences, and choices. There are five important characteristics of values. Values are beliefs, they relate to a desirable end of state behavior, they guide evaluation of events, they remain unchanged over a period and context and they are ordered based on their importance. Making career and life choices that are in line with a person’s values ensures personal satisfaction and happiness. Values can be divided into personal, life, and work values. Personal values are those that matter most in a person’s life. Work values are those that contribute to job satisfaction such as achievements (Bowling Green State University, 2015).
Personality traits are identified by a person’s preferences for recreational activities, hobbies, choice of school subjects and work. There are six different types of personality: Realistic, investigative, artistic, social, enterprise and conventional. A person’s parents, peers, culture and physical environment shape their experiences. A person learns to prefer certain activities over others trough their experiences (Bowling Green State University, 2015). Some people exhibit characteristics of different personality traits, but only one or two characteristics are dominant. Working in the environment similar to a person’s personality traits makes a person more satisfied with the job. People with realistic traits tend to enjoy the outdoors and an active lifestyle. Such people prefer to work with tools, machines, and such objects. They have mechanical, technical and athletic abilities, and they prefer to use ordered problem-solving techniques. Such people have careers like carpenters, archeologist, laboratory technicians, Computer analyst, software technicians, and mechanical engineers.
People with investigative traits are described as abstract problem solvers who prefer observation and investigation and tend to have scientific, mathematical and analytic abilities; solving problems by gathering and analyzing data. Such people have careers such as geologist, chemist, economist, meteorologist and electric engineer. People with artistic traits are said to be creative, ambiguous, and unsystematic who value imagination and prefer to solve problems innovatively. They have careers such as actor, editor, architect, interior designer and music teacher. People with social traits enjoy collaborating and working with others, hence prefer to solve problems by working with other people in careers such as historian, librarian, detective, medical assistants and therapist. People with enterprising traits enjoy persuading others and are viewed as confident and popular, possessing leadership skills. Such people have careers such as entrepreneur, credit analyst, banker and fashion coordinator. People with conventional skills enjoy systematic things and order, preferring to solve problems by following specific procedures, and they possess clerical and numerical skills. Such people have careers such as an accountant, investment analyst, expeditor, and an inspector (Bowling Green State University, 2015).
Skills enable one perform a task effectively and are learned through education, training, and experience. In the career field, having skills is having the knowledge required and the ability to apply that knowledge in a job. A Person’s heredity, cultural influences, education, the environment, and experiences shape their job skills. Skills are divided into three types: work content, self-management and functional. Work content require specialized training in order to learn certain procedures or subject matter such as graphic design or programming in java. By evaluating topics studied, hobbies, the past and current jobs it is possible to identify work content skills. Self-management skills are more like personality traits and are acquired early in life as a person learns to adapt to their environment, for example, competent, sociable and dependable. Such skill are important in the job field and are essential for success in a job. Functional skills are acquired talents and abilities which are developed and refined by education, experience, and practice. For example, managing, problem-solving, researching and writing. Such skills are applicable in various jobs and career fields (Bowling Green State University, 2015).
Professional Responsibilities
Counselors are supposed to provide good quality care. They should also be aware of their professional competence and the boundaries of their practices. A counselor should only practice based on their level of education, experience, and training. They should only accept jobs that they are qualified to undertake given their experience, training, and education. Counselors should keep proper records of their work with clients unless there are sufficient reasons why not to keep records. The records should be accurate and respectful of clients. These records should also be protected from unauthorized disclosure (British Association for Counselling & Psychotherapy, 2010).
Like most employees in the country, counselors are supposed to meet their public responsibilities. They should not engage in activities that are against the law or have such activities happen in their knowledge. For example, they should not allow sexual harassment or such related acts. Also, when sharing information with third parties such as courts, insurance companies the counselors should provide accurate and honest information. Counselors should also not exploit the relationships they have with their clients. Since they are aware of their influential position to their clients, they should not exploit the trust and dependency of the client on them (American Mental Health Counselors Association, 2010).
When working with other counselors, the professional relationship should be in a mutual respectful manner. Communication between colleagues about clients should be respectful, purposeful, and consistent with the confidences declared to the clients. Counselors should also not allow their professional relationships with their colleagues to be prejudiced by their personal views (British Association for Counselling & Psychotherapy, 2010).
Ethical Responsibilities
Being trustworthy is important in resolving ethical issues regardless of the career field. For counselors, being trustworthy requires one to act according to the trust placed in them. They should also prevent the disclosure of any confidential information about clients. Respect for clients’ right to be self-governing is also one of the ethical responsibilities. According to this principle, it is important for a client to participate in counseling voluntarily. Respecting this principle means counselors seek freely given informed consent, protect confidentiality and inform clients of any cases of conflicts of interest. The principle also prevents the manipulation of clients even for beneficial reasons (British Association for Counselling & Psychotherapy, 2010).
Non-maleficence is a commitment to avoiding harm to the client. It involves avoiding financial, emotional, and sexual or any form of exploitation. A counselor is ethically responsible to mitigate harm caused to their client even if the harm was unavoidable and unintended. Counselors also have the responsibility to challenge the incompetence or malpractice of others and to help with any investigations concerning a professional practice that would discredit the profession.
A counselor is also required to be just and fair to all clients and to respect their human rights. They should also remain alert to the potential conflicts between legal and ethical obligations. Being committed to fairness requires a counselor to appreciate the differences between people and to avoid discriminating people who are contrary to their personal and social characteristics. Counselors should ensure a fair provision of counseling services appropriate to the client’s needs (British Association for Counselling & Psychotherapy, 2010).

American Mental Health Counselors Association. (2010). Principles of AMHCA Code of Ethics. Retrieved from
American Speech- Language-Hearing Association. (2015). Assessment. Retrieved from
American Psychological Association. (2015). Code of Fair Testing Practices in Education. Retrieved from
Bowling Green State University. (2015). Self-Assessment. Retrieved from
British Association for Counselling & Psychotherapy. (2010). Ethical Principles of Counselling and Psychotherapy. Retrieved from
Deborah, K. (2013). Career Assessment. Retrieved from
Zunker, V. G. (2011). Career Counseling: A Holistic Approach (8th ed.). Belmomt, CA: Cengage Learning.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

The Needs for Guidance and Counselling Insecondary Schools

...1977, guidance and counseling became an important issue in our schools system. Since then, guidance and counseling has been a regular topic in our dailies conferences and seminars. For example, Nnadi (1984). Stressed its importance in our educational system and the priority that should be given to it in out schools because of its usefulness in transition in the various stages of education. Also, Nwabuisi (1984), emphasized on the necessity of proper guidance programme in schools if the current national policy on education is to have the desired impact. Perhaps, Durojaiye's (1972), Stand on the issue of guidance and counseling in our schools was one of the factors that influenced the formulation of the aspect of the new national policy on education that deals with guidance programme in schools today. Taking into consideration, our rapid educational and economic growth, he emphasized on the need for guidance and counseling in our educational policy. In his words; "We can see that the need for guidance and counseling in Nigeria becomes increasingly pressing as economic and educational strides are being made in the country. Each student needs to be helped to strengthen his abilities to make nice choices and to face problems encountered in society. Those who fall by the way side because of physical, intellectual or emotional inadequacy particularly need guidance"(p.72). In the above statement, Durojaiye points out clearly the fact that guidance and counseling is very important...

Words: 9927 - Pages: 40

Premium Essay

Career Planning

...HR Plan-06s Career Planning I. Meaning & Elements of Career II. Career Planning: Meaning and Nature III. Career Planning Benefits IV. HR Department Assistance for Career Planning V. Different Stages of Career Development Process Or, Cycles of Career Development Process VI. Career Development I. Career: Meaning & Elements Definition of Career Career is a sequence of attitudes and behaviors associated with the series of job and work-related activities over a person's lifetime. Yet in another way, it may be defined as a succession of related jobs, arranged in hierarchical order, through which a person moves in an organization. As the literal definition of career focuses on an individually perceived sequence, to be more accurate, career may be either individual centered or organization-centered. Therefore, career is often defined separately as external career and internal career. External career refers to the objective categories used by society and organizations to describe the progression of steps through a given occupation, while internal career refers to the set of steps or stages which make up the individual's own concept of career progression within an occupation. For such two different approaches, in organizational context, career can be identified as an integrated pace of vertical and lateral movement in an occupation of an individual over his employment span. Important Elements of Career Analyzing the definitional context, it...

Words: 2690 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Guidance and Counselling

...Guidance and Counselling plays integral part in both teaching and learning and must be given the necessary attention in all educational endeavors. Guidance and Counselling activities should be pivotal in our curriculum and also must be given the necessary attention in our educational set up to assist students. Guidance and Counselling must therefore be carefully designed and well executed at every level of the educational ladder especially at the basic school level. It is an open secret that students in Ghana face myriad of challenges which militate against their academic, career and socio personal progress in school due to the absence quality guidance and counseling services. Throwing more light on the concept of guidance, Miller F.W (1978) in his book Guidance principles and services sees guidance as all the activities engaged in by the School that are primarily aimed at assisting an individual to make, carry out adequate plans and to achieve satisfactory adjustment in all aspects of his daily life. Supporting the above definition, George and Cristiani (1986) in their book Counselling theory and Practice stated that Counselling is a relationship between a professionally trained counselor and an individual seeking help in gaining greater self-understanding, improved decision-making skills, behavior change and skills for problem solving. Reading through the above definitions of the concept of Guidance and Counselling over and over again makes me wonder whether our stakeholders...

Words: 1125 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Hypothetical Working Agreement

...four parts; Assessment, Goal setting, Contacting and Evaluation. This paper will state clearly the key elements and purpose of each of the four parts in the working agreement using this specific case scenario. The case that I chose to use from the text is the case of Thomas, a 20-year-old college sophomore who has dropped out of school. He has just been diagnosed with schizophrenia. His mother has brought him to the day center saying she hopes that “somehow he will be able to get back to college.” Assessment This is the stage when elaboration and exploration skills are used in assisting in assessing the story from the client. “Gathering and analyzing of information about a client is done at this stage in order to tackle the problem” (Murphy, B. C., & Dillon, C. (2011). It is also good for clinicians to do a structured assessment formally and reasonably to fulfill the purpose of diagnosis, plan treatment and carry out research on the best specialized services that are needed by the client. Assessment The purpose of an assessment is to get a vast amount of adequate information about the client. This can include basic information such as name, age, birthdate, address, and telephone number. It is also essential to gather vital demographic information such as, culture, family history, gender, health history, and emotional state in order to help establish the kind of help that is needed and to formulate a plan that is the right fit for the participant. My assessment will start...

Words: 1800 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Role of the School Counsellor

...Divya Srivastava THE ROLE OF THE SCHOOL COUNSELLOR School counselling is a branch of applied psychology that deals with problems or behaviours that interfere with the academic progress or social acceptance of children in the school system. School counsellors assess cognitive functioning and identify mental retardation, giftedness, developmental delays, instructional difficulties, and learning disabilities. They recommend educational programs; assess behavioural and emotional problems, and support parents and teachers. They also deal with the full spectrum of social problems including family violence, peer interactions, substance abuse, sexual abuse, neglect and the influences of these problems on school functioning. School counsellors act as a screening and referral resource for a wide range of medical, social, and emotional disorders that interfere with academic functioning. In general, school counsellors study behaviour, protect and promote mental health, and apply the principles of psychology to improve school adjustment and learning. Specific services, however, depend on the competencies of the school counsellor and the needs of the particular school system being served (Koe, 1991). For instance, the school where I was placed for my field-work had a school counsellor who also had to fulfil the role of a special educator and a remedial teacher as and when the need arose. School counsellors are employed for the purpose of providing specialized support for students with exceptional...

Words: 5565 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

The Roles of College Guidance Counselors in Calabarzon: Implications to Guidance Program and School Administration

...THE ROLES OF COLLEGE GUIDANCE COUNSELORS IN CALABARZON: IMPLICATIONS TO GUIDANCE PROGRAM AND SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION M. H. A. SEMIRA Batangas State University Gov. Pablo Borbon Campus I, Rizal Avenue, Batangas City ABSTRACT The study was undertaken to identify and assess the roles of college guidance counselors in CALABARZON and its implications to the schools guidance program and school administration. According to Erford (2003), the transformative roles of school counselors were leaders, advocates, collaborators, counselors and coordinators and data utilizers. Likewise, Kuhn (2004) explained that better understanding of the roles of guidance counselors diminished some of the misconceptions and confusions of the counselors’ roles. The above-mentioned roles were reflective of the American culture that is why the present study utilized the guidance counselors’ roles presented by De Jesus (2006) which was based on Philippine context. Findings revealed that the guidance counselors highly recognized their roles as counselor, coordinator, consultant, conductor of activities, and change agent. Thus, they were contributory to the effective implementation of the guidance programs in every college or university in the region under study. INTRODUCTION The roles of school counselors have changed dramatically over time. As the 20th century began, school counselors did not exist. Instead teachers were using few minutes of their day to provide students with vocational...

Words: 5245 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Health Traditions and Herittage

...Health Traditions and Cultural Heritage No wonder modern technology innovations keep coming out each year. Even with all the new changes and the fast lifestyles. Few things are resolute such as customs and traditions. Each country has a wealth of culture and heritage passed on from their ancestors. Many people believe and value the inheritance; ensure to transfer the tradition to the upcoming generations. The distinguishing civilization, inheritance, and traditions are unique for each nation. The heritage assessment tool helps to differentiate various traditions and heritage of different cultures. Being an Indian my traditional beliefs, customs, and practices pertaining to health are diverse and is specific to each region. Indians are well-known for their endurance and the way they entertain guests unbiased by his/her race, religious beliefs or economic status. People in India especially elderly believe that health and wealth are very much related to mind, body, and soul. Though people seek medical help for aches and other illness of unknown origin, individuals are ashamed to report mental health issues to the medical practitioner and sometimes wait until decisive moments to get assistance from health care personnel (Shapiro, n d). Apart from the western medicine India has a wealth of traditional system of medicine including Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Acupuncture and Acupressure. Ayurveda also known as “the science of life” deals with multiple...

Words: 1060 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Term Paper Topic

...Development (HRD) is considered as a vital part of Human Resource Management and it is defined as "an organized learning experience within a given period of time with the objective of producing the possibility of performance change." HRD aims at overall development of human resources. HRD is more concerned with the training and development of employees. Human Resource Development (HRD) means to develop available manpower through suitable methods such as training, promotions, transfers and opportunities for career development. A) Describe the major functions in Human Resource Development (HRD) Frame work of an organization. – 2011 * OR - Features of Human Resource Development, The nature / scope / function / characteristics or features of HRD are as follows :- 1. Training and Development: HRD involves training and developing the employees and managers. It improves their qualities, qualifications and skills. It makes them more efficient in their present jobs. It also prepares them for future higher jobs. 2. Organizational Development (OD): HRD also involves Organizational Development. OD tries to maintain good relations throughout the organization. It also solves problems of absenteeism, internal conflicts, low productivity and resistance to change. 3. Career Development: HRD also involves career planning and development of employees. It helps the employees to plan and develop their careers. It informs them about future promotions...

Words: 8756 - Pages: 36

Premium Essay

Heritage Assessment

...Health Traditions and Cultural Heritage No wonder modern technology innovations keep coming out each year. Even with all the new changes and the fast lifestyles. Few things are resolute such as customs and traditions. Each country has a wealth of culture and heritage passed on from their ancestors. Many people believe and value the inheritance; ensure to transfer the tradition to the upcoming generations. The distinguishing civilization, inheritance, and traditions are unique for each nation. The heritage assessment tool helps to differentiate various traditions and heritage of different cultures. Being an Indian my traditional beliefs, customs, and practices pertaining to health are diverse and is specific to each region. Indians are well-known for their endurance and the way they entertain guests unbiased by his/her race, religious beliefs or economic status. People in India especially elderly believe that health and wealth are very much related to mind, body, and soul. Though people seek medical help for aches and other illness of unknown origin, individuals are ashamed to report mental health issues to the medical practitioner and sometimes wait until decisive moments to get assistance from health care personnel (Shapiro, n d). Apart from the western medicine India has a wealth of traditional system of medicine including Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Acupuncture and Acupressure. Ayurveda also known as “the science of life” deals with multiple...

Words: 1244 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Historical Events

...After many centuries of relatively stable existence, the teaching profession has changed dramatically in the past 150 years, beginning with the development of the free public school, or common school. Whereas for most of Western history teachers were chosen for their content knowledge, teachers today must demonstrate competency in not just their subject matter but also in child psychology, pedagogical techniques, and a number of other skills. “Throughout history all societies have engaged in some form of education of their youth. In” the absence of any written language this was informal, oral, and directed at the transmission of cultural values, practices and language and preparation for survival and adulthood in that particular culture and environment. With the development of written language and numeracy came the need for more formal instruction in their use” (, 96). This paper will compared and contrast the recorded views of principals across the 1960s, 1980s, and the 2000s, as well as the philosophy of education that best aligns to each principal, the primary issues and concerns expressed by the principal and what would be the observations of each of the principals if they were sitting in the back of a classroom today. Americans in the 1960s became aware that the nation was suffering from a shortage of citizens whose education and training were sufficient to meet the technological challenges of modern society. The gap between the learning needs of the country and...

Words: 1766 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Wipro Bps

...Name of the Student | ANIRUDH CHAUHAN | Program | MBA-HR | Class Roll Number | B-14 | Enrollment Number | A0102314024 | Name of Faculty guide | MS. AMANPREET KANG | Case study title | WIPRO: Strengthening employee engagement and implementing effective Rewards and recognition system. | Student Declaration I declare (a) That the work presented for assessment is my own, that it has not previously been presented for another assessment and that my debts (for words, data, arguments and ideas) have been appropriately acknowledged (b) That the work conforms to the guidelines for presentation and style set out in the relevant documentation. ( c ) The Plagiarism as taken by Turnitin is ________ %. Date : Anirudh Chauhan MS. AMANPREET KANG Assistant Professor Department of marketing/IB WIPRO: Strengthening employee engagement and implementing effective Rewards and recognition system. Anirudh, Ms Amanpreet Kang ABSTRACT Employee engagement, rewards and recognition are integral part of human resources of any organization as they show the level of involvement and commitment of the employees towards their organizations. These not only motivates the employee in performing better but also enables HR in recognizing and rewarding the ones performing better than the other as per the set standards . It increases overall efficiency and also identifies the training needs if any. Attrition rate in BPO industry is very high and this is why...

Words: 3585 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Abnormal Psychology

...GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY (SOC SCI 101) 5 JOURNALS OF PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY | > the science seeking to describe, understand, and predict the behavior and mental processes of organisms. > the goals of psychology are to describe, explain, predict, and control behavior. ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY * Abnormal psychology is the branch of psychology that studies unusual patterns of behavior, emotion and thought, which may or may not be understood as precipitating a mental disorder. * Although many behaviors could be considered as abnormal, this branch of psychology generally deals with behavior in a clinical context. * There is a long history of attempts to understand and control behavior deemed to be aberrant or deviant (statistically, morally or in some other sense), and there is often cultural variation in the approach taken. * The field of abnormal psychology identifies multiple causes for different conditions, employing diverse theories from the general field of psychology and elsewhere, and much still hinges on what exactly is meant by "abnormal". * There has traditionally been a divide between psychological and biological explanations, reflecting a philosophical dualism in regards to the mind body problem. * There have also been different approaches in trying to classify mental disorders. * Abnormal includes three different categories, they are: * subnormal * supernormal * paranormal * The science...

Words: 5375 - Pages: 22

Free Essay

South Africa: Stuck in the Middle?

...South Africa: Stuck in the Middle? | 2014 | 1. Why is South Africa stuck in the middle? 2. Please find at least three problems to answer the first question. 3. Give your opinion for solving each of the problems mentioned in second answer. | | Contents Africa is experiencing extraordinary growth 2 Challenges 2 Challenge #1 Education 2 Challenge #2 Unemployment 3 Challenge #3 South Africa's growth path is highly resource intensive and hence unsustainable 4 Solutions 4 Solution # 1 - Improve education form the bottom up 4 Solution # 2 – Address unemployment from a new angle and become More attractive to Global business and entrepreneurship 6 Solution # 3 - Reduce the need for commodities and Invest in technology and entrepreneurship 8 Conclusion 8 Africa is experiencing extraordinary growth, In fact this decade has seen more growth for Africa than any other time in history making it six in the world’s 10 rising economy’s. Life expectancy is improving and HIV rates are down almost 30%. Malaria is also down and despite SA having the highest concentration of HIV in the world, African children born today are increasing their life expectancy one year for every three years over the last a decade. Education rates are increasing 25%, and more young educated man are entering the South African workforce. Yet despite these growth factors South Africa, and the continent of Africa as a whole...

Words: 3939 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

There Are over 120 Kfc and Pizza Hut Outlets in Singapore, Employing About 5,000 Staff. Both Brands Also Offer Singapore-Wide Delivery Services

... 2. COURSE DURATION The MBA (Full Time) programme of Mahatma Gandhi University shall be spread in two years duration with 4 Semesters. Each semester shall comprise of a minimum of 16 instructional weeks of 5 days each of 5 hours a day (total contact hours 400). Continuous Internal Evaluation during the course period and University examination at the end of each semester shall be conducted. There shall be a semester break of 15 days each in addition to the usual Onam, Christmas and summer holidays. 3. ELIGIBILTY FOR ADMISSION 1. A pass in any Bachelor’s Degree Examination of Mahatma Gandhi University or an equivalent degree of any other universities duly recognized by M.G.University with not less than 50% marks in the aggregate for all parts of examination or a Master’s Degree examination with 50% marks in aggregate. 2. SC/ST students A pass in any Bachelor’s Degree examination is needed for SC/ST candidates 4. ADMISSION PROCEDURE Admission to MBA Degree programme of the study shall be on the basis of merit as determined by MAT/CAT/XAT /MGU-MAT and Group discussion & interview conducted by Mahatma Gandhi University. A five member...

Words: 20659 - Pages: 83

Premium Essay

Visual Impairment

...Visual Impairment Introduction Vision challenge or impairment is when a person’s degree of seeing is very low and the affected person requires assistance in order to carry out daily routine. Significantly, for one to qualify as visually impaired there must be prove that a person cannot undertake duties by himself without necessary assistance. For a person to qualify as a visually challenged, there must be a prove that the affected eyes cannot be conventionally treated. Visual challenge cannot be corrected by surgery, refractive measures neither by medication and that is why it is termed as visual impairment. The most rampart causes of visual challenge are trauma, degenerative or congenital means and a variety of diseases. In the society, blindness is the term that is preferably used to describe a visually impaired per son. Low eyesight is generally revealed when the affected person cannot view a normal distance and walk by himself (Algozzine, 2006). The degree of impairment can also be revealed when a person cannot read some normal writings. This is to say that even with the assistance of contact magnifying glasses or even eyeglasses the victim cannot reveal the writings on a normal newspaper (Bailey & Hall, 1990). Hyperopic impairment is accrued with inability person to see objects in a close distance. Myopic impairment is quite the opposite of hyperopic whereby a victim cannot identify objects at close distance. All these vision challenges greatly obscure the affected person...

Words: 3395 - Pages: 14