Free Essay

Bell and Tech

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Mace
Words 2450
Pages 10
Alcatel-Lucent is a global telecommunications corporation located in Paris, France. It has, under its wing, Bell Laboratories aka Bell Labs. They were previously known as AT&T Bell Laboratories and Bell Telephone Laboratories is now the research and development subsidiary of the French-owned Alcatel-Lucent. Over the past eight decades, Bell Labs R&D gave birth to new technologies and seminal scientific discoveries. (Alcatel Lucent, para 1)

Elisha Grey and Enos N. Barton formed Western Electric Company in 1869. Both of them started a small manufacturing firm based in Cleveland, Ohio which was to become the largest electrical manufacturing company in America. In 1881, Alexander Graham Bell, an extraordinary leader of American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T), purchased a controlling interest in Western Electric and made it the exclusive developer and manufacturer of all equipments for the Bell telephone companies. Now, the Bell system has provided much telephone services and support to America and Canada in the 1877 to 1984. It was then led by AT&T.

In 1898, Compagnie Générale d'Electricité (CGE) was born, founded by a French engineer named Pierre Azaria. It was involved in business with several industries in Germany. Mainly it dabbled in electricity, transportation, electronics and telecommunications. CGE then rose up the ranks and became a leader in digital communications and would be known as well to produce train à grande vitesse – high speed trains in France.
In 1925, thanks to the consolidation of the R&D departments of Western Electric and AT&T, Bell Telephone Laboratories was born. It has dabbled and broke through so much with the technology they researched that till today, it still remained at its forefront as the leader. It then became Bell Labs under AT&T.
The most brilliant invention created by Bell Labs has shaped the then foreseeable future is today’s present as we know it to be was the transistor. It then became the foundation of various; if not all electronically invented devices today. Without it, there would be no iphones, no personal laptops, no portable radios and the world would have been left lacking of many other commercial and domestic inventions. For their contribution that started the World Wide Web as we know today, they invented the Unix operating system in 1969 and the C programming language in 1972. (Alcatel Lucent, para 8)
Bell Labs have sought to improve existing software, hardware, systems & solutions, architects and projects as well as further research on new products and ideas. (Alcatel Lucent, para 1) Their business covered an array of breaths, Networking, Cellular Technology, Light Technology, as well as Analog and Digital communication Technology. (Time 2012, para 2)
AT&T was America’s Monopolising Telephone Company. It enjoyed its glory years at the top of the industry where no company could even come close to rival it; so much that the American Government told them that they had to invest in R&D for the good of the people. Finding new ways to enhance the lifestyle of the common man and research new frontiers. (Time 2012, para 4)

AT&T’s dreamt of connecting every human through a single channel was set down in the early 1900s. Due to the lacking of feasible and cost effective measures of structure and framework, this idea took more than three-quarters of a century mature. The world can only be thankful for the labour behind Bell Labs that bore fruits for the current generation to savour.
Alcatel-Lucent understood the need to tie up with the various world industry leaders. It would serve them well to ride on the many expertises of the various corporations whom they are seeking to work together with. To date, Alcatel-Lucent has 18 major R&D centres all over the world. They are located in Shanghai (China), Stuttgart (Germany), Bangalore (India), Whippany, Lisle, Marlborough, Murray Hill (USA), Vélizy (France), Antwerp (Belgium), Vimercate (Italy), Chennai (India), Villarceaux (France), Châteaufort (France), Plano (USA), Gurgaon (India), Quingdao (China), Timisoara (Romania) and Lannion (France). (Alcatel-Lucent, Para 3)
Alcatel-Lucent formed strategic partnerships / relationships with various government supported corporations as well as identified corporations whom are power houses in their own right, to achieve a win-win situation together. These collaborations will be the very foundation blocks on which the efforts of various parties will come to establish the framework and jointly explore countless possibilities and limitations of their inventions, as well as a platform to share / exchange of necessary research knowledge to achieve better solutions to a problem or invent a better product for the world.
After budget and funding cuts to the R&D by the US government, Alcatel-Lucent pulled out of basic science and experiments to concentrate on more short term commercial gains. As part of their bargaining with the American government, former AT&T licensed many of its patented innovations virtually for free. (The Verge 2012, para 8) Bell Labs then had to step into a world of globalisation while still spear-heading R&D, for this to effectively take place, Alcatel-Lucent had to rely on international corporations to maintain their essentially needed infrastructure and yet doubling it as a gained avenue to broaden and try out their R&D inventions. Data and information collected from such a wide breath and scale would surely provide a more accurate result.
This would allow Alcatel-Lucent to provide a more reliable product to the masses after implementation. Reduce the surfacing glitches which will result in an overall better consumer experience. Thus, customer pool will increase and so will Alcatel-Lucent market share.
Over the past decades, Alcatel-Lucent executed several strategic plans involving on-going innovation of products, collaboration with various academic institutions and now even has a youth lab under their wing called the Global Youth Lab. Targeted demographic would be the 18 to 26 year olds across the globe.
Today, we are able to look at three of the essentially important, successful and very strategic partnerships Alcatel-Lucent had made recently, namely with Hewlett Packard (HP), Belgium’s Office National Du Ducroire (ONDD) and China’s China Mobile.
Alcatel-Lucent signed a relationship agreement with HP on 18 June 2009 to form a 10 year global alliance to help customers leverage the convergence of telecommunication and IT. The aim is to market solutions for service providers and enterprises. As tied to the agreement, Alcatel-Lucent would have to entrust their IT operations to HP. Taking advantage of HP’s expertise in technologies and transformation, Alcatel-Lucent will be able to migrate more quickly to advanced IT infrastructure and services that deliver higher performance and greater efficiency. (Alcatel-Lucent, para 12)
Alcatel-Lucent will be able to accelerate the evolution of its operations toward the highest standard of performance, quality, efficiency and costs. Notwithstanding the fact that HP has an efficient supply and distribution channels, Alcatel-Lucent intends to ride aggressively on these channels to offer service providers proven solutions that are based on common technologies for carrier-grade and IT applications. This approach will help service providers exploit the advantages of standards-based server, processor and operating system technologies. (Alcatel-Lucent, para 15)
Alcatel-Lucent has strong products in areas such as IP telephony, communications, mobility, security and contact centers will be integrated with HP IT solutions. These joint solutions are planned to be offered to enterprises through HP resellers or as managed services. Once implemented, the program could generate multi-billion euros in net revenues for HP and Alcatel-Lucent over a 10-year period. Alcatel-Lucent expects significant aggregate savings along with material cash-flow improvements. (Alcatel-Lucent, para 13)
Once Alcatel-Lucent’s final product is confirmed and marketing strategy have been finalised, the finished goods will be able to reach out to the masses in quick succession, a welcome advantage in market penetration.
Through proper and careful planning, Alcatel-Lucent solutions, coupled with HP’s network, may become the standard benchmark within the industry or the peoples’ choice vendor.
The other amazing partnership Alcatel-Lucent has sealed is with Belgium’s Office National Du Ducroire (ONDD). ONDD will support the export business of Alcatel-Lucent worldwide, while providing insurance for third party financing for the purchase of Alcatel-Lucent telecommunications equipment by service providers globally. (Alcatel-Lucent, para 2)
ONDD is Belgium's public export credit insurer, specializing in commercial and political risk insurance, guaranteed by the state. This is a critical part on Belgium’s economic and export-oriented policy on her international trade as export of goods and services contribute to more than 80% of the nation’s GDP. (Alcatel-Lucent, para 4)
As a result of this agreement, Société Générale Corporate & Investment Banking has arranged loan facility; backed by ONDD, in favour of communications company; Turk Telekom, to finance various contracts between Turk Telekom and Alcatel-Lucent for a global amount of EUR 46 million. In line with Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) regulations, part of the local services was also integrated in this financing. (Alcatel-Lucent, para 5) With such strong support from ONDD, Alcatel-Lucent can be confident that this is a powerful tool to help their customers meet their financing needs.
Alcatel-Lucent will greatly benefit from this partnership as much as ONDD will. Given each entity’s breath of expertise in each other’s needed field, the possibilities will be endless and fruits bore of their labour, will be plentiful.

One of the most recent partnerships of Alcatel-Lucent’s is with none other than China. Renowned for their diversity, flexibility and innovative methods of business development, Alcatel-Lucent has tied up with China Mobile. China Mobile is the biggest mobile operator by subscribers in the world. The pair have arrived at an understanding to pursue pioneering developments in next generation mobile communications, as well as further co-development around Alcatel-Lucent’s powerful lightRadio™ technology. (Alcatel-Lucent, para 1)

Alcatel-Lucent’s powerful lightRadio™ technology is merely the size of your average palm. This idea was brought to life due to three constrains. Firstly, more than half of the world does not have access to Mobile Data. (Alcatel Lucent 2011, para 5) While our technology have the means to close the broadband digital divide, the industry does not – taking into consideration of the financial aspect of setting up and maintaining antennas and towers; as well as the return of investment (ROI), it just doesn’t sound like the next “big” thing.

Secondly, imagine the idea of overly unattractive towers and antennas ‘sprouting’ all around the neighbourhood and shadowing our beautiful landscape. Not a very enticing situation to be in. (Alcatel Lucent 2011, para 6) And thirdly, due to land being a limited resource and the fact that the worlds’ population will just keep growing and growing, the network congestion challenge which we all have experienced at one time or another, will just keep getting worse. Time will not improve or fix the aforesaid challenges.

Therefore, in the light of the idea that the base stations are the root of this evil and their ugly towering monstrosities are what is keeping the network from being flexible, responsive and green (Alcatel Lucent 2011, para 4), Bell Lab’s lightRadio is the answer.

At the core of the invention of lightRadio, is a core, a cube the size of your palm. This cube weigh less than 300g, can be deployed in big or small antenna configurations as well as all around the city. The secret of this innovative product’s success lies in the flexibility of the core. They can be used singularly or can be stacked to build a marco cell in a beam formation for targeted coverage. (Alcatel Lucent 2011, para 5)

These cellular cores are significantly lighter and much simpler to deploy. For the financial savings, it reduces the rental need at the site by 66%. For the green effect, we are looking at a reduction of energy used by up to 51%. (Alcatel Lucent 2011, para 6)

Hence the partnership with China Mobile will play a critical role in improving the lightRadio technology. With China’s vast land size, a population of 1.7 billion potentially able to test and put the invention to trail, the projected data and constructive feedback to be received will be put to good use – into improving the product further till it’s final conceivable state.

Alcatel-Lucent has always been recognised a having a strong sense of social responsibility and a commitment to help people and to enhance the communities within which the company operates. It also contributes to strengthening team spirit as well as to building awareness among the company’s stakeholders about the issues of corporate social responsibility. They have never focused solely at the generation of profits and turned a blind eye to their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). They have pledged to reduce their carbon footprint by using greener solutions for everyday problems. (Alcatel-Lucent 2009, para 4)

In the United States, Alcatel-Lucent has in place a system to recycle electronic wastes. A network of subcontractors will collect, recycle and recover electrical and electronic waste. Audits are performed on recycling facilities to ensure that waste treatment was compliant with local legislations. (Alcatel-Lucent 2009, para 6)

Alcatel-Lucent’s local initiatives include a photography sponsorship program. On top of that, they have been committed for many years to support on a long-term basis in the fields of culture, education, training and health and human services. (Alcatel-Lucent 2009, para 12)

In 2005, Alcatel-Lucent contributed to the relief efforts after natural disasters struck in South-Asia, New-Orleans and Pakistan. Alcatel-Lucent deployed satellite links for hospitals, which enabled the victims to contact their family and friends. When hurricane Katrina struck in the United States, Alcatel-Lucent set up an online system to collect donations. (Alcatel-Lucent 2008, para 8)

I have a clearer understanding of International Business in the context that it’s not just about how much profit you bring to the table but rather, how much value and feasibility your ideas and solutions will amount to the corporation as well as its impact to the environment. Alcatel-Lucent has learnt from the days when AT&T was the only entity in the monopolistic industry and has since sought to venture into profitable and realistic tie-ups and partnerships with the industry’s best. Learning from the one’s mistakes in the past as well as the mistakes of their rivals will ensure prudent decisions are made with all the concerning factors in mind before implementation.

I have learnt as well from AT&T’s near failure that one must never stop innovating even if the end of success is nowhere in sight. You will never know when and where the path of success will end if you are complacent.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Some Research Paper

...1976 invention of the telephone, by Alexander Graham Bell(1). In 1885, the Bell Telephone Company commenced operations in Alberta, Canada. A century later, in 1990, the Telus Corporation is established, via the largest IPO in Canadian history up to this time, raising $896 million (2). Telus is a leading national telecommunications company in Canada providing a wide range of communications tools for individuals and businesses (3). It is governed by the CRTC regulations and in direct competition with Bell Canada Enterprises and Rogers Communications Inc. These three companies represent 95% of the Canadian telecommunications market (4), with BCE leading at 44%, RCI at 28% and Telus a close third, with 23% market share. The company is focused on growing through innovation and efficient utilization of their intellectual capital, their core values, and establishing itself as the Canadian market leader. Bibliography 1. Matthews, Tom L. Always Inventing: A Photobiography of Alexander Graham Bell. Washington, DC: National Geographic Society, 1999. ISBN 0-7922-7391-5. 2. Telus Website (history) http://about.telus.com/community/english/news_centre/company_overview/company_history - accessed 9 Nov 2011 3. http://about.telus.com/community/english/news_centre/company_overview/telus_at_a_glance - accessed 9 Nov 2011 4. Rogers, Bell, Telus: The most profitable cellphones around http://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/story/2008/09/04/tech-profit.html - accessed 9 Nov 2011 5....

Words: 291 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

History of the Cell Phone

...stranded on the side of the road out of gas, or had a flat tire. There were several companies working on cellular technology at the same time. ”While the technology had been developed, it was not until 1971 that AT&T submitted a request to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) for cellular service. It took more than 10 years for an approval ("Martin Cooper - History of Cell Phone", 2012).” Dr. Martin Cooper, who is accredited with the invention of the cellular phone, placed the first cellular phone call on April 3, 1973, while he was the general manager of Motorola's Communications Systems Division. It was the incarnation of his vision for personal wireless communications. That first call, placed to Cooper's rival at AT&T's Bell Labs from the streets of New York City,...

Words: 1415 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Swot Analysis

...packet technology. (5ESS Switch, 2002)  Lucent maintained its NO.1 position in worldwide universal port shipments for the sixth consecutive quarter by capturing 48% market share for the second quarter calendar 2002. (Lucent Technologies Continues, 2002)  Metropolis (R) DMX (metro optical networking products) has been deployed with more than 35 customers and recently received the “Best Telecom Equipment” award at UTC Telecom 2002, the world’s largest utility telecom technology tradeshow. (Lucent Technologies Optical, 2002)  Lucent power systems business has been ranked No. 1 in worldwide and North American sales of power supplies for 1999 by Micro-Tech Consultants, a market research firm specializing in the power supplies industry -the first and only U.S. manufacturer to be awarded the Deming Prize for Quality. (Micro-Tech Ranks, 2000)  The Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award for Network Systems quality processes in its Transmission Systems division. The Deming Prize for quality in the Power Systems business of Network Products Group. Two Shingo Prizes for high-quality production processes at our Microelectronics Group manufacturing sites in Orlando and Dallas....

Words: 1041 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

People Lpove

...GADGET According to Mabwa (2012), users have been known to be enslaved to these communication gadgets, that without them, their world collapses. Consider a teenager who constantly spends numerous hours on Facebook, or is constantly making phone calls. Eventually, his/her grades are compromised leading to poor performance in school. If the teenager receives no intervention, he/she will eventually enter the job market half-baked, compromising the quality of the labor market. Following that, the economy will be affected as production gets compromised.   Kendrick (2013) emphasizes that drives mobile devices has improved a lot since those days, and especially in the last ten years. Mobile gadgets have gotten smaller, more powerful, and very useful. They are everywhere and play increasingly greater roles in the lives of most everyone. Availability of mobile devices is rapidly spreading throughout the world and making significant improvements in many lives.... 1.2RELATEDLITERATURE Many people do not know how, or even when computers were first made. Even before the first electronic computers were made, many people believe that computers started with the abacus, a simple counting device. The abacus is believed to have been built in Babylon in the fourth century B.C. The "First Generation" of computers started in the very late 1930's. These computers were grotesquely slow, colossal in size, created much heat, used hundreds of kilowatts of power, and were about as reliable......

Words: 1104 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Phoenixuniv

...learning games in one of the first Macintosh’s. I had some troubles with learning and reading and technology definitely helped me to be stronger in school. By the time I graduated from high school the internet was coming out and computers were very popular and the technology advanced rather rapidly. Technology changes the way students learn and the way teachers teach. The classroom has come a long way since the chalkboard and chalk. Today technology can help in many ways for teachers and students to learn and teach within a third grade classroom. Gone are the days of the older versions of computers and the blackboard. By third grade level students should know how to understand the necessary qualities of basic technology. (Bell, Sackes, Trundle) state “that the availability of a computer at home and a high socio-economic status were statistically significant predictors of children's baseline computer skills in kindergarten.”They also should know the basic concepts and understand how a technology grows and changes as well as helps us through our daily lives. Technology for the third grade should increase productivity, enhance the building of learning and inhibit creativity flow. (Burns, Hamm) state “The purpose of this classroom experiment was to compare the effects of virtual and concrete manipulative son student mathematical understanding of fractions and symmetry.” The Smart board in the classroom is one piece of technology that I find in......

Words: 822 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Management Systems

...are encouraged to pursue independent investigation as well as thinking toward the material introduced in class. I also mentioned that MIS is a practical area in which both applications of high tech in supporting / promoting / changing business and influence of emerging high tech to business will be discussed. The purpose of this homework assignment is to provide you with an opportunity to investigate how business can be improved / affected by the modern IT technologies. As discussed in class, Porte identified 5 forces, 3 business strategies, and a framework for business management / development. 1. Review the companies in movie rental industry, e.g., Blockbuster, Netflix, HBO, Amazon in terms of Porter’s models for business. 2. Using Porter’s models for business development / management to analyze / review the potential influence of modern IT technologies on Cable TV industries. 3. Using Porter’s models for business development / management to analyze / review the factors that led to the success of the following companies: Amazon, Walmart, Target, Costco, and Disney, and Google. 4. Using Porter’s model to analyze / review / identify factors that led to the downfall of the following high tech companies: Lucent, Motorola, RCA, AT&T (note: AT&T was merged by Southwestern Bell and changed the name to at&t). 5. The once mighty retail company, Sears, is not doing well in recent years. Using Porter’s model to explain why and how it can be improved in the future?......

Words: 457 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Gun Control

...Gun Control Hypothesis Paper By Christopher Fields Intro to Sociology Prof. Hennington Outline Hypothesis/ opening statement My opinions Love-hate relationship Crime rates Democrat Opinion Republican Opinion Evidence 1 Evidence 2 Evidence 3 Closing statement References After recent school shootings in America, the American people are starting to wonder when is the government going to stricken the gun control laws. After recent studies I will tell you which party republican or democrat is for the stricken the laws and which of them is not. Personally, I feel like you should be judged by your actions. If your criminal background portrays you as violent you should not be allowed to have a gun. On the other hand, if your have never shown any act of violence you should be allowed to have a gun. Crimes such as fraud, drug possession, and other mediocre crimes should not count. Everyone deserves the right to protect themselves, their family or even a stranger. If gun control laws are stricken gun violence will decrease. I’m going to prove this by using the Social Conflict approach which is a macro-oriented paradigm in sociology that views society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and social change. Guns have a love-hate relationship with society some people fear guns and some people feel safe around guns. Most people fear guns because people think that they are going to get shot and killed for no reason. While others use guns for safety which......

Words: 1193 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Gs1145

...EIXERCISE 1.1 Many of today’s Fortune 500 companies employ students with an ITT Technical Institute degree. To me this is reason enough to pursue an education with this Institution. The career markets are constantly changing, gone are the days when you can support a family with only a high school diploma or on-the-job experience. ITT Tech pretty much has all the bells and whistles that I was looking for. Flexible schedule, student to instructor ratio, real world instructors. A degree from Itt Tech, in my opinion is an investment for me that will pay back for a lifetime. Finally, to show my children that it’s never too late. First, I attended Southeast College of Technology in 1999, unfortunately I did not finish. Earning my degree now would fill the void that I left in 1999. To be self-sufficient rather than totally dependent on my Military and VA retirement. At any moment that retirement could be cut in half or taken away altogether. Why take that chance? To set the standard in my home that if I can do it, you can do it, no excuses. Another goal of mine is to be a better provider for my family, both spiritually and financially. Lastly, to walk across that stage with my degree in hand. First goal is not to cheat myself by not coming to class, participate when asked, stay the course. Learn as much as I can, ask for help. Do the necessary things to keep that “A”, do the little things. Finishing this class is a another step......

Words: 321 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Smartix Evaluation

...Smartix Case HBS Smartix 1. Imagine that you are Vivek Khuller. Should you accept the offer from MSG? I don’t believe that I would take the offer from MSG. Here’s the problem with not taking the deal: Accel is relying on the MSG deal far greater than anticipated, and the deal with Accel has a high probability of falling through once it is discovered MSG may not be participating in the way Accel is anticipating. The other issue at hand is that without the Accel deal, Smartix is nearly out of time and the funds required to continue aggressively pursuing the project. An alternative for Smartix in this situation is to scale it back and seek out a slightly smaller deal. They have the capacity to do so and it seems that they were aiming rather ambitiously with MSG. If they wanted to reassess their end game and dial it down some, they have the opportunity to connect with a slightly smaller venue or company and they have a short amount of time to do so. Another alternative to accepting the MSG deal is for the founders to gain outside employment in an effort to sustain themselves while they regroup Smartix to succeed under their terms. They all know that the last thing they want to do after all their hard work is become MSG employees. In the end, don’t accept a subpar deal if you know your venture is worth more. 2. Should Vivek have tried to start this venture without co-founders? Could he have been a solo founder? While not doubting his competence or his ability......

Words: 781 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Strategy

...Case Study Of Huawei, A Chinese Technology Enterprise Donglin Wu* and Fang Zhao** This case study analyses and discusses the internationalization process of Huawei, a leading telecommunication equipment manufacturer in China. Our research aims to explore the special features of the internationalization of Chinese hi-tech firms through a case study and to identify the factors that affect Chinese hi-tech firms’ international entry mode decision. In this paper, several foreign market entry modes were discussed. Issues of why and how to take into account the factors of industrial characteristics, environmental factors, firm factors, and moderators for internationalization and how to employ different entry modes in different host markets are discussed and illustrated based on this case study. It is found that industrial characteristics and home country’s technological reputation affect to a great extent the internationalization path of the hi-tech firm studied. The research also shows that in terms of hi-tech enterprises’ internationalization, the factors such as international experience and firm size are not as important to traditional manufacturers as to hi-tech enterprises. Field of Research: Management 1. Introduction After two decades’ development, many Chinese technology enterprises stride their first step in internationalization. Among them, the Huawei Technologies P/L is a typical representative. Huawei is a private hi-technology company. It is a leading......

Words: 4938 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Programming Timeline

...upon what you were trying to program. Below you will find a general idea of 5 programming languages and a brief description of those languages. 1970s- PASCAL • Designed in 1968-1969 • Published in 1970 by Niclaus Wirth • Historically influential and procedural programming language • Intended to encourage good programming practices using structured programming and data structuring • Influential imperative and procedural programming language 1980s- C++ (pronounced see plus plus) • Statically typed, free-form, multi-pariadigm, compiled, general-purpose programming language • Middle-level language o Comprises a combination of both high-level and low-level language features • Developed by Bjarne Stroustrup starting in 1979 at Bell Labs as an enhancement to the C programming language • Renamed C++ in 1983 • Has imerative, object-oriented, generic programming features • Provides low-level memory manipulation • For use in embedded systems or operating system kernels • Is a compiled language • Available on many platforms and provided by various organizations 1990s- JAVA • Originally developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems • Released in 1995 as core component of Sun Microsystems’ Java platform • Derives much of its syntax from C and C++ • Has fewer low-level facilities than C and C++ • Applications are typically compiled to bytecode that can run on any Java virtual machine regardless of computer architechure. 2000s- PYTHON • Python was......

Words: 470 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Issue of Extending the Traditional School Calendar

...arguments on the academic school year length. Many people would argue that shortening the academic school year length is a wonderful choice: however extending the academic school year is more beneficial. Shortening the school year will hinder a student's education and overall readiness for the world. The academic school year should be extended for not only more academic learning time, but to better our students for the global world if The United States is to remain a dominant economy in our world. Our traditional school calendar was designed for the earlier time periods of The United States’ farming economy as stated in “ Shortchanged by the Bell”(Ubinas & Gabrieli.) . With the school’s calendar schedule of 180 days, six and a half hour days of school ( Nisen.), it is not enough to comply with today’s high-tech economy. This upholds the need for more academic learning time. With the 30 minutes to an hour class periods, students are unable to learn and understand all material they should know by the end of the school year. Ideally, increasing learning by 30 percent would mean more individualized support and a more well-rounded education in a broader array of subjects (Ubinas & Gabrieli.) . Particularly at Mundy’s Mill High School the time for first period needs to be extended. Especially if you have math during that period like fellow classmates and myself. In addition to more classroom learning time, The United States needs to better our students......

Words: 556 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Engineer

...Technology Geoffrey A. Moore, Crossing the Chasm, Marketing and Selling High-Tech Products to Mainstream Customer (revised edition), HarperCollins Publishers, New York, 1999 The high-tech marketing guru (and principle of The Chasm Group marketing consultants), Geoffrey Moore offers time tested insights into the problems and dangers facing growing software companies, and a blueprint for survival. This classic text (first published in 1991) is widely accepted as “the bible for bringing cutting-edge products to progressively larger markets.” For the benefit of the reader, while I do not presume to do justice to Moore's book, I attempt to summarize key points here: !" market is defined as A #"a set of actual or potential customers #"for a given set of products or services #"who have a common set of needs or wants, and #"who reference each other when making a buying decision The final point may be the least intuitive, but Moore says, "the notion that part of what defines a high-tech market is the tendency of its members to reference each other when making buying decisions-- is absolutely key to successful high-tech marketing." Many business plans are based on a traditional Technology Adoption Life Cycle, a smooth bell curve of high tech customers, progressing from Innovators, Early Adopters, Early Majority, Late Majority, and finally Laggards. In turn, this model becomes the foundation for a high-tech marketing model which says the way to develop a market is......

Words: 3265 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Time

...Name | Han Jet | ID | 150103 | E-Mail | han.jet@pine.edu.my | Lecturer | Mrs.Stephy | List of Articles | 3 | R emote workers appear to finally be getting some respect from their in-office peers, new research finds. While there has long been a perception that employees who work from home don't work as hard as those in an office, perceptions are shifting, according to a study from Dell and Intel. More than half of employees globally now believe that their peers who work from home are just as productive, or more productive, than those in the office. Remote employees also feel like they get more done from the comfort of their own home. Of those who spend any time working from home, half believe they are more productive there than in the office, while 36 percent think they are equally as productive in both locations. Just 14 percent of those surveyed believe they get less done when working from home. Bob O'Donnell, founder and chief analyst at TECHnalysis Research, told the study's authors that many employees today have better equipment and faster Internet connections in their homes than they do in their place of work. "So, we're seeing experiments where more people are working at home more often than they had before," O’Donnell said in the research. At-home employees cite a number of benefits to working outside the office. The study revealed that 30 percent sleep more, 40 percent drive less and 46 percent feel less stressed. [10 Big Companies That Will Let You......

Words: 664 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Inside the Internet

...The history of the Internet begins in Oct 4, 1957 with the launch of Spunik and the start of the Space Race. America’s response to the launch of Spunik was to pour money into the research and development of high tech projects and the establishment of the Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA). ARPA developed the ARPANET, computer-to-computer communication through packet switching networks. In 1969, the first “package switch” interface message processor allowed two computers to “talk” with each other. With this ability email was added in and dominated the traffic on the ARPANET. The addition of email created a dynamic social human network and showed the social potential of the Internet. Over at Bell Laboratories, Dennis Richie created the UNIX, a user-friendly operating system. The system was licensed to the academic world. Nearly every university adopted Bell Telephone’s UNIX program. In 1979, UUCP was added to UNIX. It had the ability to send data from one machine to another automatically. The Unix Copy Program (UUCP) allowed links over phone lines. Computers began calling each other all over the country and the USERNET was developed and its capacity was the birth of the Internet. USENET allows ordinary citizens to communicate with each other on computers. The network escaped the hands of ARPANET control. There was no longer any central control. The USERNET connected people with the edges of the network. USERNET created the idea that no on should control the......

Words: 762 - Pages: 4