Premium Essay

Causal Factors

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By tnt6267
Words 1299
Pages 6
SPE 357 – Characteristics of Emotional/Behavioral Disabilities and Strategies to Teach Individuals with EBD
Professor Karen Moeller
Causal Factors
Tamika Camano

Emotional and Behavioral disorders can result from one or any number of combinations of causal factors from the students biological, familial, cultural, or educational background and/or environment. This essay will discuss causal factors, the implications, and possible mitigation regarding EBD students.
Biological factors are responsible for certain conditions that are the cause of certain emotional and behavioral disorders. Whether or not the parent was using recreational drugs while pregnant or if they have a history of mental illness can have an effect on the student with EBD. (Emotional and Behavioral Disorders: Causes and Prevention) Disorders such as Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia, Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), as well as mental conditions such as Bipolar Disorder and Schizophrenia are found to be caused by genes that are passed down from the parents to student (Causal Factors for Emotional Disorders).
Family relationships play a part in whether or not a student will have EBD. If there is physical abuse and constant turmoil in the home, the student is much more likely to have EBD. (Emotional and Behavioral Disorders: Causes and Prevention)
The school environment also plays a role in the behavior of the student. Undesired behavior can result from inappropriate corporal punishments, bullying by peers, and lack of proper attention from teachers (Causal Factors for Emotional Disorders). A teacher utilizing proper classroom management skills will get better results in the behavior of the students than teachers that are lacking that skill. (Emotional and Behavioral Disorders: Causes and Prevention)
A person’s culture and their environment play a...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Asdf 232

...organization that you are familiar with, and apply the causal loop diagram, including a reinforcing and balancing process. In a 1-2 page paper, briefly describe the purpose of the system, the components of the system, draw a casual loop diagram, and in plain language describe the diagram. Causal Loop Diagrams have four basic parts: * Point of Intersection (usually ellipses or circle) that contain values that can change * Lines with an arrow showing influence direction * A reversal indicator * Time delay indicator Format the paper using APA style (1-2 pages only, not including title and reference page; use in-text citations to support your comments): * Select an organization you are familiar with; * First paragraph: Discuss the purpose of the system, definitely connect your comments to systems thinking research—teach me about systems thinking…; * Second paragraph: Discuss the components of the system using appropriate terminology, again connect to research when appropriate using APA citations; * Next, draw the diagram (use drawing tools in Word) including the balancing and reinforcing sides, arrows including direction, and variables that affect the system; * Third paragraph: in plain English, describe the casual loop diagram’s purpose, components, etc.   When an element of a system indirectly influences itself, the portion of the system involved is called a feedback loop or a causal loop. Causal loop diagram presents relationships that are......

Words: 1470 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Human Factors Analysis and Classification System

...Human Factors Analysis and Classification System Abstract As aircrafts become more reliable over the years, humans have progressively become more of a causal factor in aviation accidents. Thus, being able to analyze an accident from a human factor perspective is of paramount importance. However, a proper framework of accident analysis is necessary to address the complex and often nebulous nature of human error. The Human Factors Analysis and Classification System Maintenance Extension (HFACS-ME) is one such framework that serves as an accident investigation and data analysis tool. This article will analyze how HFACS-ME is used from an applied perspective and demonstrate its utility using case studies. Human Factors Analysis and Classification System Maintenance Extension The Human Factors Analysis & Classification System (HFACS) was originally developed to analyze and classify human errors and other factors contributing to aviation incidents. HFACS combines features from Heinrich’s “Domino Theory” and Edward’s “SHEL Model” as well as Reason’s model to uncover factors that contribute to accidents (Schmidt, J. Lawson, D., n.d.). The Maintenance Extension of HFACS termed HFACE-ME was created to address aviation maintenance related incidents and facilitates the recognition of defective or absent defenses at four levels namely, Unsafe: Management Conditions, Maintainer Conditions, Working Conditions, and......

Words: 1286 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...Diagnosing the Change Managing Organizational Change Emiliano Delucia Keller Graduate School of Management DIAGNOSTIC MODELS One of the main purposes of diagnostic models is to find a way to identify external and internal factors that can affect the working conditions of an organization. Many diagnostic models have been developed along the years to ensure these factors are well identified and the organizations can function properly following a certain model. The diagnostic model that will be analyzed in this paper is Burke-Litwin. BURKE-LITWIN MODEL The Burke-Litwin model describes multiple factors and drivers of change that can be seen from top to bottom in the following diagram: This model owes its original development to the work of Litwin and his associates (Litwin & Stringer, 1968; Tagiuri & Litwin, 1968), and has been refined through a series of studies directed by Burke and his colleagues (Bernstein & Burke 1989; Michela Boni, Schecter Manderlink, O’Malley & Burke, 1989). This model shows that organizational change, especially an overhaul of the company business strategy, stems more from environmental impact than from any other factor. (Burke & Litwin, 1992). Burke-Litwin posits that the causal model has foundations rooted in Katz and Kahn’s general systems theory (1992). This structure requires some definition of leadership that may create actions within an organization. These actions could likely effect the organizations meaning, cultural...

Words: 1661 - Pages: 7

Free Essay


...Disease Achondroplasia is the most frequent form of short-limb dwarfism (Nahar R et al 2009). As well as short stature due to shortening of limbs, affected individuals have characteristic facies with frontal bossing and mid-face hypoplasia, exaggerated lumbar lordosis, limitation of elbow extension, genu varum and trident-like hands. Incidence increases with paternal age. Achondroplasia is caused, in virtually all of the cases, by a G380R mutation in fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) (Di Rocco F et al 2014). FGFR3 is also important in craniofacial, vertebral and neurological development such that this mutation has multiple effects in an affected individual (Horton WA et al 2007). Clinical Presentation Gross motor development frequently is delayed. Motor milestones such as head control and independent sitting, standing, and ambulation may lag by 3-6 months. Speech and language problems may be caused by tongue thrust (due to abnormal maxillomandibular relationship) but often resolve spontaneously. Twenty percent of patients experience delayed speech acquisition. Cognitive skills are preserved, and the intelligence level is within normal limits. Cranial enlargement and poor head control place the infant at risk for extension injuries. An Australian study assessed the functional milestones of achondroplasia children aged 3-7 years. The data noted that while milestones were delayed across all ages studied, functioning improved between age 3 and 5 years, although......

Words: 1507 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Marketing finding information regarding the popular product categories, frequency of purchases, average spending, factors affecting buying decision process etc. The exploratory research was carried out with 20 respondents with a set of 12 open ended questions. The exploratory findings helped us in determining the key factors which needed to be further explored for research. The secondary research questionnaire designed had 9 questions and was administered to 100 respondents. Each of the questions was designed to satisfy at least one of the secondary objectives of the research. The response format was of a mixed variety which also helped in better determination of outcomes. Post data reduction, Cross tabulation was used for analyzing the causal relationship between different pairs of factors. ANOVA was also applied to a pair of factors. The Regression Analysis between the dependent variable “Average Amount spent per purchase made online” and the independent variables of Frequency of Purchase of products and services online, owning a Credit Card, Marital Status, Education and Age, was done.. Then, Cluster Analysis was done on the data and based on the responses; we could divide the respondents in three clearly distinct groups. We named them: Confident Online Buyer, Unsure surfer and Mall Shopper. We performed Factor Analysis to find the major factors. We could identify six factors: Value for Money, Trust, Connected and Up to date, Problems Faced, and Traditionalism. 1 |......

Words: 312 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Leadership Styles and Organisational Citizenship Behaviour

...Wladislaw Rivkin, Stefan Diestel, Klaus-Helmut Schmidt* The positive relationship between servant leadership and employees’ psychological health: A multi-method approach** Servant leadership is thought to encourage socially responsible and moral behaviors. In the present article, we test the positive relationship between servant leadership and employees’ psychological health. We argue that servant leadership is positively related to employees’ health because servant leaders shape employees’ needs and create work environments that fulfill these needs. We examine the proposed relationship of servant leadership (a) competing for variance with different well-known stressors, (b) in multiple samples, (c) at the within- and between-person level, and (d) in relation to long- and short-term indicators of strain. On the basis of this multi-method approach we seek to demonstrate that our results are invariant across different methodological conditions. In Study 1 (N=443), we simultaneously tested the between-person level relationships of servant leadership and job ambiguity to emotional exhaustion and depersonalization as the core symptoms of burnout. In Study 2 (N=75), we simultaneously tested the relationships of person-level servant leadership and day-level emotional dissonance to day-level ego depletion and need for recovery as outcomes. The results of both studies demonstrate that servant leadership is negatively related to strain and accounts for unique variance in short- and......

Words: 10028 - Pages: 41

Premium Essay

Viva Telecom

...VIVA Telecom | Marketing Research 420 | Group #1 | | Ali Bin-Shaibah 205113540Sulaiman Al-Fraih 206217072 | Table Of Content Part I: Executive Summary P.3 Part II: Company Background P.4 Part III: Research Plan P.9 Part IV: Plan Execution P.12 Part V: Results & Managerial Implications P.19 Part VI: Conclusion P.22 Work Cited P.23 Appendix -A- P.24 Appendix -B- P.26 Appendix -C- P.28 Appendix -D- P.30 **Part I: Executive Summary** Our project is about viva telecom and the problems that it is facing in its operations in the Kuwaiti market. With this project we will clarify and resolve these problems by using various techniques. Viva is a telecom service provider, which is relatively new in Kuwait providing telecom products and services in order to satisfy the market’s needs. Yet, like any new company it faces many operational problems. These problems will be addressed and resolved through an analytical research study using surveys and computer software (SPSS) so that viva can overcome its current situation. We defined the problems facing viva telecom and formulated the research questions that would enable us to address and solve them properly. After acquiring primary and secondary information about......

Words: 5260 - Pages: 22

Free Essay


...April 3, 2016 C H A P T E R 3 Evaluation Methods Learning Objectives 1. Recognize differences between evaluation methods and how they support the human factors design cycle 2. Design formative and summative human factors studies 3. Understand representative sampling and the implications for study design and generalization 4. Design an experiment considering variables that are measured, manipulated, controlled, and cannot be controlled 5. Interpret results and recognize the limitations of a study 6. Identify the ethical issues associated with collecting data with human subjects 1 April 3, 2016 PURPOSE OF EVALUATION 3 TIMING AND TYPES OF EVALUATION 5 LITERATURE REVIEW, HEURISTIC EVALUATION, AND COGNITIVE WALKTHROUGHS USABILITY TESTING COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION AND CONTROLLED EXPERIMENTS IN-SERVICE EVALUATION 5 7 8 9 STEPS IN CONDUCTING A STUDY 10 STUDY DESIGN 11 ONE FACTOR WITH TWO LEVELS ONE FACTOR WITH MORE THAN TWO LEVELS MULTIPLE FACTORS BETWEEN-SUBJECTS DESIGN WITHIN-SUBJECT DESIGNS MIXED DESIGNS SAMPLING PEOPLE, TASKS, AND SITUATIONS 13 13 13 14 14 14 15 MEASUREMENT 15 DATA ANALYSIS 16 ANALYSIS OF CONTROLLED EXPERIMENTS ANALYSIS OF DESCRIPTIVE STUDIES 16 17 DRAWING CONCLUSIONS AND COMMUNICATING RESULTS 18 STATISTICAL SIGNIFICANCE AND TYPE I AND TYPE II ERRORS STATISTICAL AND PRACTICAL SIGNIFICANCE GENERALIZING AND PREDICTING ...

Words: 11755 - Pages: 48

Premium Essay


...Tourism and Hospitality Management, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 125-150, 2010 U. Colakoglu, O. Culha, H. Atay: THE EFFECTS OF PERCEIVED ORGANISATIONAL SUPPORT ON ... THE EFFECTS OF PERCEIVED ORGANISATIONAL SUPPORT ON EMPLOYEES’ AFFECTIVE OUTCOMES: EVIDENCE FROM THE HOTEL INDUSTRY Ulker Colakoglu Osman Culha Hakan Atay UDC 640.4:658.3](560) Original scientific paper Received 7 September 2010 Revised 13 September 2010 4 October 2010 Abstract Previous studies mainly analysed the relationship between perceived organisational support and organisational commitment in a direct way. Limited studies of tourism, however, have found that job satisfaction is a mediator variable in the relationship between perceived organisational support and organisational commitment. The aim of this study is, (i) to analyse the effect of organisational support on job satisfaction, (ii) to analyse the effect of organisational support on the dimensions of organisational commitment, (iii) to analyse the effect of job satisfaction on the dimensions of organisational commitment, and (iv) to analyse the mediating effect of job satisfaction on the relationship between perceived organisational support and dimensions of organisational commitment based on an empirical study. The relationship between the variables was analysed by using a multivariate data analysis. Besides this, in the study, the mediating effect of job satisfaction on the relationship between perceived organisational support and the dimensions of...

Words: 4551 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Electric Vehicle

...1080/00207543.2014.890757 Development of a multi-scale model for customer perceived value of electric vehicles Rui Miao*, Fasheng Xu, Kai Zhang and Zhibin Jiang Department of Industrial Engineering and Logistics Management, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China (Received 22 June 2012; accepted 23 January 2014) Electric vehicles (EVs) are now widely acknowledged as a potential ideal means of transportation in the near future in terms of environmental protection and oil crisis. The possible success of the future market for EVs is based on how much of EVs’ value can be perceived by their potential customers. Thus, research on customer perceived value (CPV) of EVs can help us, and especially EV manufacturers, understand the main factors contributing to CPV and how to design suitable EVs that can yield higher CPV. This paper first constructs a multi-scale model for the measurement of CPV based on surveys conducted at Shanghai, China. Then, the decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory method is applied to evaluate the importance of every scale and depict the internal relations among different scales on the impact-relations map (IRM). Further, a novel version of the house of quality is created to conduct technical feasibility analysis for the improvement of each scale. Finally, market segmentation for EV industry is proposed and discussed based on the analysis of the IRM, which could be a practical strategy for EV manufacturers to design appealing......

Words: 9789 - Pages: 40

Free Essay

Credit Appraisal

...Journal of Operations Management 17 Ž1999. 411–428 Manufacturing technology and strategy formulation: keys to enhancing competitiveness and improving performance Michael Tracey a , Mark A. Vonderembse a b,) , Jeen-Su Lim b Purdue UniÕersity, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA b UniÕersity of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606-3390, USA Received 1 July 1997; accepted 23 July 1998 Abstract Porter wPorter, M.E., 1996. What is strategy? Harvard Business Review 74 Ž6., 61–78.x claims that a proper link between strategy and manufacturing operations is a key to developing sustainable competitive advantage. To be successful in this globally competitive, rapidly changing environment, organizations must formulate strategic plans that are consistent with their investment in and use of manufacturing technology. This study proposes that organizations that invest in advanced manufacturing technology and develop mechanisms for manufacturing managers to participate in strategy formulation will have improved competitive capabilities and better performance than firms that do not. Using the result from a large-sample survey, this study develops valid and reliable measures of advanced manufacturing technology and manufacturing managers’ participation in strategy formulation as well as the competitive capabilities of a firm. Linear structural equation analysis ŽLISREL. results show that the relationships between a firm’s practices in these two areas and its competitive capabilities are......

Words: 9895 - Pages: 40

Premium Essay


...Management: Correlations With Academic Performance and Stress Therese Hoff Macan University of Missouri-St. Louis Cornila Shahani Hofstra University Robert L. Dipboye and Amanda Peek Phillips Rice University Many college students may find the academic experience very stressful (Swick, 1987). One potential coping strategy frequently offered by university counseling services is time management. One hundred and sixty-five students completed a questionnaire assessing their time management behaviors and attitudes, stress, and self-perceptions of performance and grade point average. The study revealed 2 major findings. The Time Management Behavior Scale consists of 4 relatively independent factors; the most predictive was Perceived Control of Time. Students who perceived control of their time reported significantly greater evaluations of their performance, greaterwork and life satisfaction, less role ambiguity, less role overload, and fewer job-induced and somatic tensions. Findings are consistent with theory and advice on time management (e.g., Schuler, 1979) but also indicate that the dynamics of time management are more complex than previously believed. In trying to read all the books and chapters assigned, meet paper deadlines, and participate in extracurricular activities, collegestudents may become overwhelmed with feelingsthat | | self-instruction time management manual......

Words: 7533 - Pages: 31

Free Essay

Global Virtual Teams

...though GTVs show great promise, problems associated with an interconnected global work force are amplified and new issues have arisen which include difficulty working with individuals from differing cultures, decreased ability for members to build social/cultural capital within a team, difficultly to asses performance, and GVTs cannot convey informal rules or norms which in turn would lead to an increase in misunderstandings and confusion. GVTs value-creating competencies can be broken down into: self-related competencies, team context-related competencies, and vision-related competencies. These competencies, if bundled together effectively, will foster a sustainable competitive advantage over the firm’s global rivals. Another determining factor in how to efficiently use an organizations competencies would be the balance between the development of a firm knowledge base and the knowledge shared by collaborating GVT members, or the management of corporate HR architecture. Human capital needs to be invested in, trained, highly adaptable to change, and most importantly and perhaps the most difficult task, it needs to be measured in order to add value to an...

Words: 1932 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Science of Human Action

...The Science of Human Action By L. M. LACHMANN Praxeology meaning - the study of human action and conduct Praxeology is the deductive study of human action based on the fact that humans engage in purposeful behavior, as opposed to reflexive behavior like sneezing and inanimate behavior. According to adherents, with the action axiom as the starting point, it is possible to draw conclusions about human behavior that are both objective and universal. For example, the notion that humans engage in acts of choice implies that they have preferences, and this must be true for anyone who exhibits intentional behavior. The most common use of the term is in connection with the Austrian School of Economics, as established by economist Ludwig von Mises. Catallactics is the praxeological theory of the way the free market system reaches exchange ratios and prices. It aims to analyse all actions based on monetary calculation and trace the formation of prices back to the point where an agent makes his or her choices. It explains prices as they are, rather than as they "should" be. The laws of catallactics are not value judgments, but aim to be exact, objective and of universal validity. It was first used extensively by the Austrian School economist Ludwig von Mises. This is Professor Mises' magnum opus.' It is a magnum opus in every sense of the word. Its majestic sweep embraces almost the whole field of economics and touches, at some point or other, on almost every social issue......

Words: 5934 - Pages: 24

Free Essay

A Preliminary Assessment of the Impact of E-Commerce Technologies in Supply Chain Management

...extranets) in supply chain management (SCM) is a relatively recent phenomenon. Accordingly, very few studies have been conducted to date on the extent to which eCommerce technologies have been utilized in SCM, and, more importantly, on whether or not e-enabled supply chain management (eSCM), with the use of such technologies, has brought about improvements in managing supply chains. DeLone and McLean [1] proposed interrelationships among six IS dimensions in what is referred to as the ‘DeLone and McLean (D&M) IS Success Model’. The six dimensions in the D&M model are (1) system quality, (2) information quality, (3) system usage, (4) user satisfaction, (5) individual impact, and (6) organizational impact. While DeLone and McLean postulated causal relationships, the 1992 article did not test these relationships empirically. Since 1992, however, a fairly good number of empirical investigations have been undertaken of the various interrelationships proposed in the D&M model. DeLone and McLean [2] themselves provided a ten-year update of the model, reviewing the results of 16 empirical investigations that have...

Words: 2268 - Pages: 10