Premium Essay

Cold Storage Warehouse

In: Business and Management

Submitted By RashiK
Words 4735
Pages 19


INDEX Sr. No. | Title | Page No. | 1 | Abstract | 3 | 2 | Cold Storage Classification | 4 | 3 | Demand-Supply | 4 | 4 | Cold Storage Overview | 5 | 5 | Distribution in India | 8 | 6 | Demand Analysis in India | 10 | 7 | Government Sentiments | 14 | 8 | Thrust Scheme | 17 | 9 | Warehouse Types and Selection | 20 | 10 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |


COLD CHAIN is now recognized as a sunrise sector in India. It is true that in a country which ranks first in milk production in the world, is number 2 in fruits & vegetables production and has substantial production of marine, meat & poultry products, the country needed a fully developed cold chain sector. However the current scenario reveals that there is a tremendous scope for the development of cold chain facilities.

The cold storage sector is undergoing a major metamorphosis, with the Government focusing on food preservation. A lot of stress is being laid on energy efficiency as the cold stores are energy intensive. With the advent of newer materials / equipments, every part of a cold chain renders itself amenable for improvement. As a result type of construction, insulation, refrigeration equipment, type of controls – all of them are witnessing changes.

Realizing the significance of the cold chain industry, it is heartening to note that the Govt has taken initiatives, thru bodies like NHB, to establish standards for all the arms of the cold chain. Efforts are also being made to evolve a new concept
– ‘Green Cold Chain’. In short the Cold Chain Industry is in the eye of a revolution.

The paper would cover the development of cold storage sector in India with progressive changes in pattern of...

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...A warehouse is a commercial building for storage of goods. Warehouses are used by manufacturers, importers, exporters, wholesalers,transport businesses, customs, etc. They are usually large plain buildings in industrial areas of cities and towns and villages. They usually have loading docks to load and unload goods from trucks. Sometimes warehouses are designed for the loading and unloading of goods directly from railways, airports, or seaports. They often have cranes and forklifts for moving goods, which are usually placed on ISOstandard pallets loaded into pallet racks. Stored goods can include any raw materials, packing materials, spare parts, components, or finished goods associated with agriculture, manufacturing and production. ------------------------------------------------- Warehouse function[edit] India House, Manchester. See also: Manchester cotton warehouses Historically warehouses were a dominant part of the urban landscape from the start of the Industrial Revolution through the 19th century and into the twentieth century. The buildings remained when their original usage had changed. There are four identifiable types of warehouses.[clarification needed][1] The cotton industry rose with the development of the warehouse, and all five types were represented inManchester in the United Kingdom. Warehouses of that period in Manchester were often lavishly decorated, but modern warehouses are more functional.[2] Warehouse allow transport optimization along the......

Words: 2204 - Pages: 9

Free Essay


...AdaNI INSTITUTE OF INFRASTRUCTURE MANAGEMENT, AHMEDABAD | Quantitative Model for Cold Storage Location Choice | Submitted to | Prof. Debjit RoyOn 01.03.2014ByGroup-IIIAbhishek DuttaAnkesh KumarRakesh ThakurSrikant Sharma | EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: Cold Chain Sector has been recognized as one of the sunrise sector of the Indian Food Industry. It is indeed very true that for a country like India which is the largest milk producer in the world, second largest producer of fruits and vegetables and has a substantial presence in the production of marine, meat and poultry products, the Cold Storage Facilities are not enough. Because of the shortage in cold storage warehousing and cold storage transportation vehicle, Indian agricultural sector is facing pre and post-harvest losses of around 30-40%. As per the survey of “National Centre for Cold Chain Development (NCCD)” these valuable agricultural food products if restored and processed in a maintained environment would have generated a revenue of around 8-15 billion USD per annum. Project Profile: We have planned to set up Cold Storage Warehouse and Cold Storage Transport Vehicles in order to procure fruits and vegetables from the farmers and process it and deliver it to the nearest market thereby maximizing the profits of the farmers. For this purpose we have selected the city of Ahmedabad as our nearest deliverable market. The procurement will be done from three places namely Mehasana, Anand and Junagadh. Project......

Words: 1913 - Pages: 8

Free Essay


...Cooperative Storage and Warehousing Booklet No. 85 Agricultural Cooperation: ACS-12 Contents Preface I. Introduction II. Meaning and Need of Co-operation in Storage III. Storage Methods Used in India IV. Factors Affecting the Storage V. Storage of Food grains VI. Storage of Commercial Crops VII. Storage of Perishables VIII. Development of Co-operative Storage and Warehousing IX. The Central Warehousing Corporation (C.W.C.) X. Policy on Co-operative Storage and Warehousing XI. Position of Co-operative Storage and Warehousing X. System in India XII. Evaluation of Storage and Warehousing Facilities XIII. Suggestions for Improvement XIV. Conclusion Preface After harvesting the crop, the most important practice is the storage. In the absence of storage, the farmer will sell his produce at a very un-remunerative prices. In our country, storage facilities are grossly insufficient and whatever are available, they are not damage-proof or scientific. Thus a broad network of storage facilities which is easily accessible to the farmers is needed. This can be successfully achieved by organizing co-operative storage and warehousing. This booklet describes all these possibilities in detail but in simple language. Dr. K. T. Chandy, Agricultural and Environmental Education I. Introduction Storage is an exercise of human foresight by means of which commodities are protected from deterioration and surplus supplies......

Words: 6091 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

The Warehouse

...The warehouse is the most common type of storage though other forms do exist (e.g., storage tanks, computer server farms). Some warehouses are massive structures that simultaneously support the unloading of numerous in-bound trucks and railroad cars containing suppliers’ products while at the same time loading multiple trucks for shipment to customers. The different types of warehouses that are to be required will affect the decision make to either build or to buy. This is because it will have to depend on the availability of the warehouses and its uses. For example, Cold Chain’s warehouses are not widely available and are usually located near the port. Below are the different types of warehouses: * Private Warehouse - This type of warehouse is owned and operated by channel suppliers and resellers and used in their own distribution activity. For instance, a major retail chain may have several regional warehouses supplying their stores or a wholesaler will operate a warehouse at which it receives and distributes products. * Public Warehouse - The public warehouse is essentially space that can be leased to solve short-term distribution needs. Retailers that operate their own private warehouses may occasionally seek additional storage space if their facilities have reached capacity or if they are making a special, large purchase of products. For example, retailers may order extra merchandise to prepare for in-store sales or order a large volume of a product that......

Words: 467 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


... “) whether they realize it or not. The creative process includes four stages: searching for challenges, expressing the problem or issue, investigating the problem or issue, and then producing ideas (Ruggiero, V. R. (2009). (Repeated error – do not include author initials or first names with in-text citations – use “(Ruggiero, 2009)”. In personal experience, I have noticed that I used the creative process while trying to improve conditions at the various places in which I was (word tense – use “have been”) employed. A big thing at Gateway Cold Storage was that the pick path, or the way in which products were arranged on the warehouse floor was not conducive in creating a path that was conducive to generating speed and getting more items loaded in a more efficient manner. (some informal language, vague pronouns, missing commas, and passive voice – try “At Gateway Cold Storage, the pick path, or how products are arranged on the warehouse floor, was not conductive. A quicker and more efficient system for loading items was needed.”) Searching for challenges would be to (passive voice – try “involves”) going out and looking for ways to improve the way you live life. The book states that the first stage of the creative process represents the habit of searching for challenges constantly and not at one specific time (Ruggiero, V. R. (2009). (try to avoid statements that begin with “The book states …” Just cite the source directly and talk about whatever it is that the book......

Words: 3176 - Pages: 13

Free Essay


...DISTRIBUTION WAREHOUSE FOR FRESH POULTRY Case Study Bell AG, Zell (CH) PROJECT BELL AG ZELL Project objective Immediate access to 100% of the stored goods (Best before date because of fresh meat) Savings on warehousing costs and personnel Better chances to react during peak periods Increase in delivery quality Reduction of internal transport costs Centralization of distribution and delivery High availability of items Automation of the internal flow of goods Our scope of supply and services: Logistics concept preparation Simulation Implementation planning Bin conveyor system including bins Schäfer Quad System (SQS) Rack systems Visualization Warehouse management and control systems Mechanical equipment and racks, mostly in stainless steel design SQS in the finished goods warehouse Automatic small parts storage system (miniload) LxWxH 45 x 18 x 11 m Loading aids Euro bins 600 x 400 x 220 mm C2 bins 600 x 400 x 147 mm Storage locations approx. 18,000 Weight 30 kg Type of storage single-deep, partly in stacks of 2 SQS Quantity SQS / aisles Load carrying device Traveling speed Lifting speed Throughput SQS manufacturer 15 / 15 quadruple extracting device 5 m/min. 3 m/min. max. of 230 DC/h SSI Schäfer SQS retrieval of raw materials Raw materials warehouse with hoist PROJECT BELL AG ZELL Ten times higher throughput thanks to the innovative Schäfer Quad System (SQS) For the subsidiary of the Swiss BELL AG, SSI SCHÄFER implemented a storage concept......

Words: 571 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...across the country and GCMMF also caters to 13 export markets. Amul has an excellent distribution channel. As milk is a perishable product and Amul is spread all over India. It has a robust logistic system consisting of milk vans, tanker lorries and rail wagons to supply its finished products to various parts of the country. Distribution channel in Amul FARMERS FARMERS VCs (without chilling units) VCs (without chilling units) CONSUMERS CONSUMERS CONSUMERS CONSUMERS Retailers Retailers Home delivery contractors Home delivery contractors Wholesalers/ C&S Wholesalers/ C&S Warehouses Warehouses Chilling units Chilling units Milk processing units Milk processing units Local residents Local residents Local Restaueants Local Restaueants VCs (with chilling units) VCs (with chilling units) First of all the products are stored with the warehouses from where they are dispatched to the various wholesalers who then sell it to the retailers and then the product finally reaches to the customers. In 2010, Amul had come up with the concept of Amul parlors. These are the private shops that keep the entire of product range of Amul. They also agree not to keep any competitor brands in the outlets. They can keep other brands that are in the...

Words: 809 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Supply Chain

...1. McDonald’s McDonald's had one of the best logistics models in India. To maintain consistency and quality of its products, McDonald's shipped all the raw materials — lettuce, patties et al to a cold storage close to the main market. Based on a daily demand schedule that was prepared a day in advance, the required amount of raw material was transported to individual outlets. 2. Subhiksha Inventory management Subhiksha has a centralized purchasing system. This eliminates multiplicity of billings, which would occur if the stores were to make independent purchases. Subhiksha has 3 separate godowns for stocking Pharmacy products, unbranded groceries and branded FMCGs. It has a fleet of 10 tempos, which supplies its stores once a day. As the discount format requires holding costs to be at a minimum all the stores are connected in an intranet to facilitate inventory planning. Also spot payments made, helped to get cash discounts to the company. 3. Field Fresh Distribution Strategy It follows a strategy of minimum suppliers to take advantage of economies of scale (in purchasing and supply logistics), reduced overheads and control requirements, and easier vendor development. Food World works on the hub-and-spoke model. A hub is typically of 50,000-60,000 sq ft in area and serves about 30-40 stores in a radius of 30 km .Creation of Regional Hubs facilitates over 90% central distribution .The remaining 10% (mostly perishable items like fruits and vegetables, bakery......

Words: 1477 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Study on Cold Chain Logistics

...Dissertation On “A Study On Cold Chain Logistics ” Submitted by: Garvita Uniyal A. STATEMENT OF THE PROPOSAL Problem Statement “ A Study on Cold Chain Logistics ” is the research work that deals with different process and techniques used for reducing spoilage, retain the quality of the product, guarantees a cost efficient delivery and maintaining ideal storage conditions for perishables products from the point of origin to the point of consumption in the food supply chain. Background Cold Chain Logistics is the logistics system that provides ideal condition to the temperature sensitive perishable goods from the point of origin to the point of consumption through thermal and refrigerated packaging methods and the logistical planning to protect the integrity of these shipments. The Cold Chain logistics infrastructure generally consists of: Pre-cooling facilities, Cold storage, Refrigerated Carriers, Packaging, Warehousing, Information Management System, Traceability and Financial & Insurance Institution. A Cold Chain is a temperature controlled supply chain which begins at pre-cooling stage prior to shipping. It involves a temperature and moisture controlled transportation and storage of refrigerated goods and frozen goods. With the growing demand of the fast food, ready meal and frozen products, Logistics organization are seeking for better cold chain solutions. Organizations are using several food temperature levels to suit the......

Words: 11747 - Pages: 47

Premium Essay


...industry was valued at an estimated US$ 130 billion in 2012-13. It has grown at a CAGR of over 16 per cent over the last five years. The industry comprises the following main segments: * Freight and passenger transportation via road, rail, air and water * Warehousing and cold-storage. The contribution from the movement of goods including freight transportation and storage is about 90 per cent. Aggregate freight traffic is estimated at about 2-2.3 trillion tonne kilometres. Road dominates the mode of freight transport mix and constitutes about 60 per cent of the total freight traffic. Rail and coastal shipping account for about 32 per cent and 7 per cent, respectively, while the share of inland waterways transportation and air is less than 1 percent. Warehousing comprises industrial and agricultural storage. Of the total warehousing space of about 1,800 million sq ft, the industrial and agricultural segments constitute about 86 per cent and 14 per cent, respectively. Government organisations including Food Corporation of India, Central Warehousing Corporation and the state warehousing corporations account for about two-thirds of the agricultural warehousing segment1. Warehousing also includes cold...

Words: 4225 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Scm Assignment

...Supply Chain Management Intense competition in today’s global marketplaces, products with shorter life cycles, andsuperior expectations of customers have compelled business entities to invest in, and focus ampleattention on, their supply chains. Supply chain management has already become corecompetencies of various business enterprises such as: Apple, Intel, Samsung, P&G, Wal-Mart, Nike, Toyota and Audi which gives them the competitive advantage over their rivals. (Gartner,2012)The concept of supply chain management has become ever popular in today’s business world asit exists in both service and manufacturing organizations. It can be defined as: “ A set of approaches utilized to efficiently integrate suppliers, manufacturers, warehouses, and stores, sothat merchandise is produced and distributed at the right quantities, to the right locations, and at the right time, in order to minimize system wide costs while satisfying service level requirements. ” (Edmund P. & Kim W., 2013)Supply chain is basically an integration of independent organizations associated together as agroup through products and services where group associates jointly or separately add value on inorder to deliver them to end customers and meet their the needs. It consists of numerouselements that are connected together through the movement of products along it. Customer, planning, purchasing, inventory, production and transportation are the components of a simplesupply chain where it starts......

Words: 2743 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Mega Food Parks Scheme - Mofpi

...address : Low farmer price realization Surplus production Significant wastage - ` 330 billion (US$ 7.3 billion) annually AND TO CAPITALIZE GROWING DOMESTIC FOOD MARKET CURRENTLY ESTIMATED AT US$ 182 BILLION IN 2008, EXPANDING AT A CAGR OF 4.1% 1 21-Dec-10 10 Mega Food Parks established, 60 Agri Export Zone conceived Integrated Cold Chain project being implemented National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship & Management established Source - IBEF Food processing sector is having less than 10% of the total manufacturing industries and dominated by SME & unorganized sector ……. 2 21-Dec-10 India decides to have the Public Policy response to this issue …….. • Dedicated Ministry at the Union Government level formed; • Policy on Food Processing Industries formulated to initiate shift from supply to demand driven; • Value Chain approach considered; • Significant Budgetary allocation; • 100% FDI allowed except alcohol & beverage sector & items reserved for SSI; • Emphasis n food safety, hygiene and regulations; Effective Government schemes are in place ……. Focus INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT Schemes Mega Food Park Cold Chain infrastructure Modernization of Abattoirs TECHNOLOGY UPGRADATION & MODERNIZATION QUALITY ASSURANCE, CODEX STANDARDS, R&D Schemes for existing FPI UNITS R&D Setting up/ up-gradation of Quality Control/ Food Testing Laboratories HACCP, ISO 14000, ISO 22000, GHP, GMP Quality, Safety Management HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT......

Words: 2148 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

3pl Services in India -Iift

...3PL Services in India: Challenges, Opportunities and Recommendations - A Study at IIFT Contents 3PL Services in India: Challenges, Opportunities and Recommendations - A Study at IIFT ..................................................................................................................................... 3 Methodology ....................................................................................................................... 3 Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 3 Discussion Point 1: Definition of 3PL and its Evolution.................................................... 3 Discussion Point 2: Elaboration of the reasons for choosing 3PL. What is meant by value added services? ................................................................................................................... 4 Discussion Point 3: What are the salient findings from the literature? ............................. 5 What is lean supply chain? ................................................................................................. 5 Discussion Point 4: Discuss the functions of 3PL. ............................................................. 6 What services are provided globally (reference to additional literature)? ........................ 6 An Overview of the Logistics Sector in India .................................................................... 7 Discussion......

Words: 18261 - Pages: 74

Premium Essay

Cold Chain Logistics in India

...COLD CHAIN LOGISTICS- THE INDIAN PERSPECTIVE RAKESH MEHROTRA MANAGING DIRECTOR/CONCOR Agricultural Sector The Agriculture Sector of Indian Economy supports approx. half a billion people and provides employment to 52 % of the workforce. Yet the share of agriculture in our GDP has been showing a steady decline over the years. This is basically due to the fact that our agrarian economy continues to suffer from vagaries of nature on one hand and non-remunerative prices to small and marginal farmers leading to a poor subsistence level for them. The Horticulture Sector contributes around 30 % of the GDP in agriculture and Fruits & Vegetables contribute around 60 % of the Horticulture production. India is the second largest producer of food next to China and has the potential of being the biggest if we are able to focus on Scientific Management of this sector by minimizing wastages at different stages of Food Value Chain and tapping the potential in full by exploiting the possibilities of Bio-Technology, Pre and Post Harvest Interventions and a well designed Food Value Chain with emphasis on generating Value Added Products. This requires a holistic approach and an Inclusive strategy . Horticultural Sector While India produces around 170 million tonnes of Fruits and Vegetables every year and is the second largest producer in the world, yet its share in Global Markets is only 2 %. The average Indian Consumes...

Words: 1645 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Chinese Economic Development

...Homework №2 A warehouse is a commercial building for storage of goods. Warehouses are used by manufacturers, importers, exporters, wholesalers, transport businesses, customs, etc. They are usually large plain buildings in industrial areas of cities, towns and villages. They usually have loading docks to load and unload goods from trucks. Sometimes warehouses are designed for the loading and unloading of goods directly from railways, airports, or seaports. They often have cranes and forklifts for moving goods, which are usually placed on ISO standard pallets loaded into pallet racks. Stored goods can include any raw materials, packing materials, spare parts, components, or finished goods associated with agriculture, manufacturing and production. Types of Warehouses After getting an idea about the need for warehousing, let us identify the different types of warehouses. In order to meet their requirement various types of warehouses came into existence, which may be classified as follows: 1. Private Warehouses The warehouses which are owned and managed by the manufacturers or traders to store, exclusively, their own stock of goods are known as private warehouses. Generally these warehouses are constructed by the farmers near their fields, by wholesalers and ret ailers near their business centers and by manufacturers near their factories. The design and the facilities provided therein are according to the nature of products to be stored. 2. Public Warehouses The......

Words: 2207 - Pages: 9