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Confucianism DBQ

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At the end of the Zhou dynasty, the period of the seven warring states began. During this time, there was no social or political order. China was very chaotic. Three Chinese philosophers emerged, all with different ideas on how to restore order in China. There names were: Confucius, who founded Confucianism; Lao Tzu, who founded Daoism; and Han Fei, who founded Legalism. Legalism and Confucianism both believed in leading China by law. However, Legalists believed in harsh punishment, whereas Confucianists believed punishment would not do China good. Confucianists and Daoists both believed in pleasing the people. But, while Confucianists believed in pleasing people through law and order, Daoists believed that not having laws would please the …show more content…
He highly valued education. He wrote the Analects, which focused on the practicalities of relationships of the roles of rulers and ministers to the conduct of government. He believed that you should govern the people with law, but believed in no punishment, unlike Legalism. In the Analects, Confucius said, “[l]ead the people with governmental measures and regulate them with laws and punishment, and they will avoid wrongdoing but will have no sense of honor. Lead them with virtue” (Document 4). This demonstrates how Confucius believed a good ruler would not punish the people, and would them with virtue. He believed that leading by law, but not punishment, would lead the people to happiness. This was also shown when he said, “if a ruler sets himself right, he will be followed without his command” (Document 4). This shows how Confucius believed that a ruler leading by virtue and good values would be followed simply because the people would see the good in the ruler. Confucius highly believed in pleasing the people, but other philosophers, like Han Fei did …show more content…
A good ruler would take the theory of the Yin and Yang, and the theory that everything has an opposite, from Daoism, and use it in their ruling. They would also highly value education, like in Confucianism. Like Daoism and Confucianism, a good ruler would try their best to please the people and do what is best for them. They would also use the Shu principle from Confucianism, which is the principle of empathy. They would be selfless. Like Legalism, a good ruler would punish those who did not follow their rule. If there was no punishment, then there would be no reason to follow the laws. If there was no consequence for breaking the law, then laws would always be broken. But, unlike Legalism, the punishment would not be harsh. A good ruler would combine principles from each school of thought in order to rule in the best way

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