Premium Essay

Contemporary Theories of Leadership

In: Other Topics

Submitted By TCamporedondo
Words 2440
Pages 10
University of Makati J.P. Rizal Extension, West Rembo, Makati City College of Allied Health Studies
Center of Nursing


There has been much research compiled that compares the differences of the classic theories of leadership and management versus contemporary style of leadership and management. Both styles have been found to have their unique advantages, depending on the type of organization the theories are being utilized in. In this paper, I will be discussing the key variables needed in a leadership theory to effectively lead and manage others. I will also examine major components of each theory, and how they compare to one another. Finally, I will examine which theory best fits my leadership qualities, and my ability to lead others in an organizational setting.

Servant leadership is a philosophy and set of practices that enriches the lives of individuals, builds better organizations and ultimately creates a more just and caring world.
While servant leadership is a timeless concept, the phrase “servant leadership” was coined by Robert K. Greenleaf in The Servant as Leader, an essay that he first published in 1970. In that essay, Greenleaf said:
“The servant-leader is servant first. It begins with the natural feeling that one wants to serve, to serve first. Then conscious choice brings one to aspire to lead. That person is sharply different from one who is leader first, perhaps because of the need to assuage an unusual power drive or to acquire material possession. The leader-first and the servant-first are two extreme types. Between them there are shadings and blends that are part of the infinite variety of human nature.
“The difference manifests itself in the care taken by the servant-first to make sure that other people’s highest priority needs are being served. The best

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Contemporary Leadership Theories

...Contemporary Leadership Theories RECORDED ON Jun 02, 2014 SPEAKER Scott, Diane, Candice Shehorn Scott: Hey everyone, welcome to the podcast where we talk in detail about management and business principles that YOU need for success. Scott: And today we have a great discussion planned about leadership theories. Diane: That's right, and there are quite a few to dive into. Today there are four main views regarding leadership: leader-member exchange, charismatic-visionary leadership... Scott: And team leadership and transformational-transactional leadership. Diane: Now, it is important to realize at the outset that these are theories, and while they are the most widely accepted leadership theories today, that isn't necessarily a commentary on how good or effective one leadership theory is over another. Like anything else, a myriad of factors are in play that determine what sort of leadership theory will be the most effective in a given situation. Scott: And I think a prime example of that, Diane, would be the leader-member exchange, or LMX, theory. This is a theory that anyone who has ever worked a day in their life has probably encountered at one point in time or another. This theory posits that leaders have two groups of people underneath them: in's and out's. It doesn't take a lot to figure out that, much like picking teams in kickball in grade school, we're talking about playing favorites. Diane: It is, but that isn't always a bad thing. While people who are...

Words: 1380 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...Chapter 18 Managers as Leaders Leaders in organizations make things happen. But what makes leaders different from nonleaders? What’s the most appropriate style of leadership? What can you do to be seen as a leader? Those are just a few of the questions we’ll try to answer in this chapter. Focus on the following learning outcomes as you read and study this chapter. LEARNING OUTCOMES 18.1 Define leader and leadership. 18.2 Compare and contrast early theories of leadership. 18.3 Describe the three major contingency theories of leadership. 18.4 Describe contemporary views of leadership. 18.5 Discuss contemporary issues affecting leadership. SPOTLIGHT: Manager at Work What is the difference between being a manager and being a leader? Are these terms synonymous? Management guru Peter F. Drucker once said, “Management is doing things right; leadership is doing the right things.” You might begin the study of Chapter 18 by asking your students for their perspectives on these questions and the quotation from Dr. Drucker. This chapter’s Spotlight: Manager at Work, looks at the legacy of Steve Jobs. In many ways, Jobs epitomizes the leader of a high tech company. How he was extremely charismatic and extremely compelling in getting people to join with him and believe in his vision. But also how he was despotic, tyrannical, abrasive, uncompromising, and a perfectionist. Jobs broke the rules of management and remade them to fit his vision. Students...

Words: 5562 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

Organisational Behaviour

...Behaviour Introduction Effective leadership is recognised as the key to organisational success. Leadership not only plays a vital role in achieving desired organisation goals and objectives but also contribute towards the growth and development of people within the organisation. It is defined as the process of developing new ideas and vision, living by values that support those ideas and vision, influencing followers to live by values and making tough decision as and when required (Bryman, 2013). In simple words, leadership is defined as relationship in which one individual influences the actions and behaviour of other individuals. Motivation is the inner force that influences an individual to achieve desired needs and wants. Influence of leadership behaviour on motivation of individuals within an organisation The prime responsibilities of leaders involve deciding organisational objectives, providing expertise and define standards, select and develop the structure and culture of the organisation with an aim to achieve desired goals and objectives (Adair, 2009). Leadership traits and behaviour plays a very vital role in determining the way leaders perform their roles and responsibilities and the kind of relationship they share with their followers. Leadership being responsible for influencing other’s behaviour and attitude, also plays a significant role in determining the level of motivation of individuals within an organisation (Daft, 2014). Leadership behaviour can be categorised...

Words: 1086 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Cstegorize Leadership Theories

...Categorize Leadership Theories Leadership theories enumerated by Grossman and Valiga (2009) are the well-known great man theory, trait theory, situational theory, and the contemporary theory. The great man theory has the notion that leaders are born and not made, whereas the trait theory categorizes leaders as that of certain qualities that correlate with leadership skills. The situational theory, on the other hand, gives significance to the particular situation for a leader to be effective. Contemporary type of leadership seems to be the practice of modern kinds of leaders. The contemporary theory of leadership combines the leaders, his/her followers, and the situation at hand for leadership to be effective. Our group all agree that the Kaiser Permanente Ambulatory setting practices both the contemporary and trait theories of leadership. We have seen leaders and managers appointed to their positions based on their attribute from people they know and some appointed based on support from their team members. The nurse leaders especially are selected based on how involved they are with their teams, how they manage conflicts and their performance on fiscal responsibility. The nurse leaders are recognized as followers of the mission and vision of the organization, that is, providing quality and affordable care for members and the vision for the organization as a leader in healthcare in the country. Leadership Theory of Each Key Player in KP Ambulatory Care Nursing Practice The...

Words: 1822 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Analysis of Leadership Theories

...ANALYSIS OF LEADERSHIP THEORIES Student’s name: University: Date of submission Analysis of Leadership Theories Introduction One of the challenges facing contemporary leaders is the ability to solve complex issues in a collective, innovative, collaborative and timely manner. The ability to tackle such challenges requires leadership that is not limited by the theories and stylistic tactics but spans across the spectrum of traits and skills in order to arrive at cognitive and innovative solutions. This type of leadership can be defined as being adaptive. The modern leader should be able to walk through problems and come up with solutions that is not only timely but also sustainable over a long period of time. The modern leader should also have the ability to adapt to all the challenges facing contemporary leadership. The term adaptive has been used because it combines all the basic characteristics drawn from leadership theories and are necessary to tackle various challenges. Therefore, the adaptive leader, used in this case as the contemporary leadership model, shall be created from the following analysis. Criteria for Analyzing the Contemporary Leadership Theories One of the most suitable criteria for analyzing the effectiveness of a leader is by looking at the ethics and effectiveness of the leader. Ethics shall define how the leader relates to his/her followers while effectiveness relates to the actions and decisions made by the leader. ...

Words: 1768 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Evaluating Contemporary Views of Leadership

...Evaluating Contemporary Views of Leadership LDR/711A » Leadership Theories and Practice – University of Phoenix Evaluating Contemporary Views of Leadership From Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela’s charisma, to Winston Churchill and Martin Luther King’s intelligence and Steve Jobs’ analytical nature, there can be as numerous ways to lead as there are leaders (Crossman, 2010). Leadership is a hot debate both in the business world and other areas of the society. Throughout the world's, there have been as many leadership models as there have been their commentators (Burns & Peltason, 1966). Fortunately, psychologists and businesspersons have established useful frameworks that refer to the main ways of leadership. When leaders understand these frameworks, they can develop their approach to leadership, and as a result, become more effective (Crossman, 2010). Business leaders follow the different models to lead people. Each model aims to produce the best out of leaders and success in the business and the society. There are different leadership models whose applications are relative particular goals and contexts. There is a great difference between conventional leadership styles and contemporary leadership models (Lakshman, 2007). Traditionally, leadership was known to be an interpersonal influence with a specific aim of achieving a goal or goals (Wren, 1995). It, therefore, had three key elements that include interpersonal relationship, influence or the power...

Words: 1652 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Management Apple

...Management Theory and Practice PG Management Theory and practice applied in Apply [pic] Professor: Prepared by: Executive Summary Different management techniques are adopted by different managers in order to engage the employees and to make structure of the organization. For these purpose different theories has been proposed by different classical authors. Classical theories deal with the perception that only managers have authority to deal with the management and its structures. They have sole authority to implement all the planning in organization. This is a bureaucratic style of management. This theory was highly criticized by contemporary theory authors. These authors have led the management styles into new theories. Modern theory has dealt with the transformed management system. This system has not given authority only to managers, but employees are also allowed to give their recommendations and suggestions to the employees. While discussing about Apple, it is a huge successful organization in terms of its innovative product. But, there is a drawback in the management of Apple that it is only focusing upon the decisions of the managers. They are still adapting the old method of management of organization. That is the reason; its old method of management is highly being criticized. There is a need for Apple to bring change in its current organizational structure. The reason is that, if any organization does not accept...

Words: 4403 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Leadership Under Severe Stress in Fire Services

...Leadership Under Severe Stress in Fire Services Contents Introduction 1 Leadership 1 What is Leadership? 1 Theories of Leadership 2 1. Great Man Theory 2 2. Behavioral Theory 2 3. Participative Theory 2 4. Situational Leadership 2 5. Contingency Theory 2 6. Transactional Leadership 2 7. Transformational Leadership 2 Directive Leadership Theory 3 Supportive Leadership Theory 3 Situational Leadership Theory 3 Transformational Leadership Theory 3 Leadership in Fire Service 4 Who is an effective Leader? 5 Situational Leadership 6 Leadership under severe stress 6 What is Stress? 6 Acute stress 6 Episodic acute stress 6 Chronic stress 6 Kinds of situations in a fire service 6 Leadership under severe situations 7 Leadership Failure 7 Conclusion 7 Introduction Fire service is an organized body of people developed to rescue and help people in case of fire emergencies. A fire service, also known as fire brigade, acts as a savior of people’s lives and property. It includes fire fighters and volunteers as staff. Fire service department works both on public and private grounds. Saving lives is the main objective of this department. Firefighter also help people in situations other than emergency by giving them precautionary advice, setting fire alarms and adequate training in severe situation. All the work done by fire department runs on specific decision guidelines. In a decision guideline a firefighter is taught...

Words: 2758 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Leadership and Management

...: Leadership and Management Leadership and Management 1. Introduction The origins of management can be traced back to the age of mediaeval mercantilism or even earlier, yet the nature of business management as an applied science only really developed in the last century. In the modern context, business management is limited to one component of the economic system, namely the individual organization, whether it be a private business, a government corporation or, to a lesser extent, a non-profit seeking organization. Contemporary society consists of diverse organizations, including business enterprises, schools, hospitals, sport clubs, churches and political parties that contribute to the functioning of the community. The profitable performance of these organizations is dependent on attaining pre-designed objectives and to make its services as productive and efficient as possible. However, organizations do not achieve their objectives automatically. In addition to the human resources, physical resources and special know-how in a business organization, there is still one element that is necessary to direct all these resources and activities effectively towards the goals of the enterprise. That indispensable element is management and without it, no purposeful action is possible. The question that is raised within this context of traditional and contemporary views of leadership is how does this aspect coincide and interact with the practical ideals...

Words: 3453 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Leadership, Teambuilding, and Communication Bus 322 – Organizational Behavior

...Leadership, Teambuilding, and Communication BUS 322 – Organizational Behavior Dr. John Theodore Prepared by Richard Winland 27 February 2014 Abstract  The purpose of this paper is to show how leadership, teambuilding, and communication affect an organization. The organization that was researched for this paper is The United States Navy. This paper will also examine contemporary, traditional, , and emerging leadership theories which will describe the best leadership characteristics in terms of leadership style. We will discuss interpersonal forms of power, showing how the characteristics impact performance. Organizational stress will be examined to determine the likely impact on performance as well as how they can be addressed. Potential sources of conflict within the group or unit and communication barriers will be discussed to show how they impact the organization.  Traditional, Contemporary, and Emerging Leadership Theories  There are many different types of leadership styles from traditional, contemporary and emerging theories. The traditional styles of leadership are autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire. An autocratic, is most typically a type of leader who has a negative stereotype of subordinates and perceives them as lazy, irresponsible, etc., tends to lead by control and coercion. The democratic leadership style is much different from an autocratic leader where a leader who has a more positive attitude toward subordinates...

Words: 1297 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay


...Assignment 3: Leadership, Teambuilding and Communication Anna Miller June 15, 2013 Professor Janet Largaespada Strayer University   Leadership in organization is the process of guiding and directing people’s behavior in a work environment. There are three Leadership Theories, Contemporary, Traditional, Emerging Theories and Interpersonal forms of power. Traditional Leadership was defined by Max Weber as three leadership styles, charismatic, bureaucratic and traditional. Traditional Leadership Theory is the ability to use power and influence in order lead. This power is given to the leaser based on tradition of the past. Decision making abilities and willingness to act are also important skills for the Traditional leader. Followers are usually loyal to the position and what it represents rather than who holds the position. Other traits are an ability to take action and give energy toward realizing the objectives and goals. The efforts are achieving what is expected and results are the important evidence of success. The down falls of a Traditional Leadership are new ideas are not always welcomed, the Traditional leader is usually the source for all new ideas and the way business are operating. The employees grow very frustrated for not having a say in the way things are being ran. Frequently these employees leave when a better opportunity arises. An example of Traditional leadership in current times is king, dictators, the...

Words: 727 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...the years, the leadership has been widely studied in the different background and theoretical basis. In some cases, the leadership has been described as a process, but most of the research of theory and leadership to see a person for understanding (Bernard, 1926, Blake, shepard and mouton rothschild, 1964; Drath and Mr Lu, in 1994, federer, 1967; and the house of representatives and Mitchell, 1974). While admitting that the importance of leadership, however, there is still a certain mystique, in what leadership is or how to define it. As a leader (Gary Yukl, 2006). "influence people to understand and agree with what you need to do, how to do, and the promotion of individual and collective efforts to achieve the common goal of the process". Peter Northouse (2010), leadership is defined as "a process, one of them affect a group of people, in order to achieve a common goal". These definitions suggest that a few parts of the phenomenon. The purpose of this article is to find out the difference between traditional and contemporary leadership. In addition, it contains two kinds of style analysis. The last part of the key may be according to their own experience to judge what kind of leadership is effective. 2.0 Contemporary Leadership Theories Understand the importance of model and the leadership of the technology continues to increase, due to the complexity, diversity and increase of rapid change, today's organizations. Traditional pattern and modern leadership models all leadership...

Words: 1661 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay


...Monica•Liu Reading Summary Followership: The theoretical foundation of a contemporary construct by Susan D. Baker The author Susan D. Baker of the article Followership: The theoretical foundation of a contemporary construct introduces the theoretical foundation of followership and gives a result of why leadership rather than followership is emphasized. She proves the points of the article by the following aspects: identifying the antecedents from which followership theory developed, naming early followership theorists and researchers and discussing their work, and identifying the common themes in their work. This article provides the missing foundation in contemporary discussion of the followership construct, because the author found that there were 6 followership survey instruments have been used in approximately 20 published different field studies, and these studies need to be assessed for their effectiveness and dedications to the field of followership. The findings from that assessment could provide a common base of understanding that could inform future research. In the beginning part of the article, the author looks back across a century of followership theory and introduces the origins about followership, and mentions that there is so much emphasis on leadership but little on followership. The article states that “the Great Men had their followers, troops, or devotees who followed in their footsteps, obeyed their directives, and faithfully mimicked their...

Words: 738 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Open System

...Explain how the four contemporary approaches to management are different from one another. • The contemporary approaches to management include: sociotechnical system theory, quantitative management, organizational behavior, and system theory. The sociotechnical system theory is an approach to understanding the relationship between technology, individuals, organizations and society in work place design. "The sociotechnical systems approach says that a change in one part means there will have to be corresponding changes in other parts. “The sociotechnical systems approach says that a change in one part, means there will have to be a corresponding change in other parts. “The quantitative management approach involves the use of mathematical modeling to find the best solutions to problems. One important component of the quantitative management approach is an ability to objectively collect information about a problem and possible solutions to develop appropriate, and useful, mathematical models. Organizational behavior theory usually represents concepts that help a company create better management practices. Concepts such as leadership, decision making, team building, motivation, and job satisfaction are all facets of organizational behavior and responsibilities of management. Systems theory is a broad perspective that allows managers to examine patterns and events in the workplace. This helps managers to coordinate programs to work as a collective whole for the overall goal or mission...

Words: 565 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Four Models

...Four Models of Leadership Lisa S. Patrick University of Phoenix Four Leadership Models There are theories that suggest characteristics, behaviors and relationships that inspire and create effective leaders and followers within organizations. The Trait Leadership Model, Behavior Leadership Model, Situational Leadership Model, and Charismatic Leadership Model provide assumptions built on theories from approaches that incorporate characteristics, leader behaviors, outcomes affected by situations and how leader relationships inspire change in an organization. Differences and similarities exist among these approaches and may address some of the contemporary leadership and challenges in organizations. Trait Leadership Model The Trait Model examined specific traits researchers believed were associated with leadership and focused on the innate characteristics that make good leaders. This body of research included theories that “leaders were born and not made” (Clawson, 2006, p. 379) in the “Great Man” Theory of Leadership. Kouzes (2003) believes that to view a few men and woman as innate greatness is wrong and that heroes do exists in organizations. Other Theorists like Stogdill’s Leadership Traits, Maccobys Leader, and John Gardner’s Leaders noted characteristics believed to make great leaders. Stogdill believed leaders were strong, task-oriented, confident, handled stress, and accepted responsibility for actions were qualities of a good leader (Clawson, 2006; Clemers...

Words: 1738 - Pages: 7