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Critical Thinking on Buddhism

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By ShashiWaller
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Critical Thinking Assignment
Part One:
Buddhism
i. Buddhists follow the Pantheism worldview. They believe that everything has always existed and that there is no beginning. The early religion taught that the universe has existed in cycles and existence is endless, but always changing forms. Some forms have existed longer than others and these forms come together to create another form. They also break apart to end one cycle and start a new another cycle as a different form. This follows their belief of reincarnation. Buddha, in the Acintita Sutta said, “Conjecture about the origin, etc., of the world is an unconjecturable that is not conjectured about, that would bring madness and vexation to anyone who conjectured about it.”

ii. Buddhists believe that everything that exists in this universe is sacred or spiritual in nature (Consider, p 57). Because of reincarnation, animals and people die and are reborn in the form of a different creature, determined by their karma. Or this reason, no one can be regarded as superior in existence but rather equal and in relationship with each other. The only way someone can be considered superior, is when you relate it to their closeness to nirvana.

iii. The sole purpose/goal of a Buddhist is to be freed from the cycle of reincarnation and reach his purist state, which is called nirvana. For man to reach this state of enlightenment, he needs to rid himself of desires which cause suffering. Some Buddhists purpose is to do as much god as possible so that when they are reborn, they have a better life. The purpose of existence can also be determined by the branch of Buddhism. For example, a Theravada Buddhist’s goal is concerned about his own goodness and reaching nirvana, whereas a Mahayan Buddhist’s goal is not to reach nirvana, but rather stay in the cycle in order to teach others to be better.

iv. The...

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