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Critiques of Theorists

In: Social Issues

Submitted By nikkip88
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Frederick Winslow Taylor, also known as the father of the Scientific Movement, was born on March 20, 1856 in Germantown Pennsylvania. Before he was able to attend Harvard University, Taylor’s eyesight suffered severely from studying at nighttime that he had to delay his studies. After serving as an apprentice when his vision improved, Winslow began to work the Midvale Steele Company. While at Midvale, Taylor discovered that “production efficiency in a shop or factory could be greatly enhanced by close observation of the individual worker…”, which became the foundation of scientific management. Scientific management “is a field directly concerned with efficiency” and could also be applied to “administrators in American government and constitutional systems”. Taylor’s theory focused on: the most efficient way for the worker to complete the task, the employer providing proper tools, and good incentives for employee performance that resulted in a “machinelike routine”, which increased productivity. Economist Thornstein Veblen believed that “in dealing with the development and functioning of firms, [he] greatly appreciates the suggested scientific organization of labour and workshops, since it looks capable of increasing technical and general efficiency.” However, Alfred Marshall, a critic of Taylor’s system believed that the “human brain and flexible production systems must exhibit the ability to change, evolve and create” and allows the workers to solve complex problems in an evolving work environment. In Chapter 1, the Robbins/Judge text introduces readers to the organizational behavior model that “stakes out its parameters, and identifies inputs, processes, and outcomes.” This model relates to Taylor’s scientific approach to analyze the work process. Chapter 2 of the text also highlights that an effective selection model during the job selection process will improve

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