Free Essay

Diabetes Health Campaign Part 1

In: Other Topics

Submitted By wbgrant4453
Words 1729
Pages 7
Diabetes Health Campaign - Part I
HCS/535
March 4, 2013

Diabetes Health Campaign - Part I
Diabetes is a disease that has reached epidemic proportions. In the United States approximately 23.6 million people are affected by diabetes making diabetes the 7th leading cause of death (Healthy People 2020, 2012). Diabetes is a disease that results in the body either not producing or not using insulin properly. Complications from uncontrolled diabetes can result in devastating effects on almost every system in the body. Diabetes is so prevalent that the disease has become a national health objective in the Healthy People 2020 agenda. In 2010 North Carolina had approximately 700,000 adults with a diagnosis of diabetes (North Carolina Division of Public Health, 2011). The unfortunate reality is that approximately one-third of the people in North Carolina have not yet been diagnosed and the screening test, a simple blood test, has only been utilized by approximately 60% of North Carolinians (North Carolina Division of Public Health, 2011). Diabetes is a very costly disease and plays havoc on a person’s body. In this paper the subject of discussion is the public health issue of diabetes and its effect on the communities and population of North Carolina.
Diabetes and Healthy People 2020 Healthy people 2020 continues the three decades old national program that is scientifically based and identifies national goals and objective that span over a 10 year period (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013). Healthy People work to improve health, health promotion, and disease prevention for everyone in the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013). The benchmarks that Healthy People has put into place have identified national health improvement priorities but also worked to increase the public’s awareness and education of risk factors, diseases, and disability. Healthy people 2020 can produce objectives and goals that affect the nation, individual states, and local communities. This takes place through using measurable data that give credence to what healthy people is trying to accomplish (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013). Healthy people pushes multiple organizations, agencies, and sectors to stop standing idly by and take action to develop better policies regarding priority health problems and improve practices by using available evidence and knowledge. Healthy People also identify important needs regarding data collection and the analysis of the data. Diabetes is so prevalent it was made a national health objective for Healthy People 2020. Healthy People 2020 targets 16 objectives to help reduce the prevalence of the disease and reduce the economic burden it causes. Diabetes is a chronic disease that if not properly controlled progresses to cause severe complications. People with diabetes have a lower life expectancy by 15 years than non-diabetics, increased risk of heart attack and stroke, is one of the top reasons for kidney failure, lower limb amputations, and retinopathy (Healthy People 2020, 2012). In 2007 the cost of treating diagnosed diabetes was $174 billion that includes $116 billion for direct medical costs, and $58 billion for indirect cost (American Diabetes Association, 2011). Something must be done to reduce the prevalence and cost of the disease.
Federal, State, and Local Agencies Addressing Diabetes
Agencies at each level are work to address diabetes and its burden to the people of the United States. On a Federal level there are several agencies working on the diabetic health issues. Some of those agencies include the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Public Health Resource the Division of Diabetes Translation (DDT), National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease (NIDDK), National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC), National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP), Agency for Health care Research and Quality (AHRQ), American Diabetes Association (ADA), National Eye Institute, Office of Minority Health Resources Center, and United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). North Carolina agencies tasked with addressing the diabetic health issues include North Carolina State Diabetes Control and Treatment Branch, North Carolina Diabetes Education Recognition Program, and Department of Health and Human Resources, North Carolina Diabetes Advisory Council, and North Carolina Public Health. Local or community agencies tasked with addressing diabetes include health department, local physician office, local hospitals, and local American Diabetes Association chapters.
Models, Systems, and Epidemiologic Surveillance Systems Used in Diabetes Analysis
The best way to learn what impact diabetes has on the United States is through public surveillance. An infrastructure of national and state surveillance systems supported by the CDCs Division of Diabetes Translation (DDT) works to analyze, interpret, and report on diabetes, specifically “diabetic risk factors, care practices, morbidity, and mortality” (Desai, Geiss, Mukhtar, Harwell, Benjamin, & Bell, 2003, P. S44). The DDT has an area whose sole purpose is to perform national surveillance of diabetes that takes place throughout the entire United States. The goal is to gather information to help understand diabetes in certain areas or with certain populations and report those findings. The problem with gathering data for diabetes is that there are many people with diabetes that have not been diagnosed so there is a large amount of data missing and since physicians are not required to report diabetes diagnosis data can be left out. The data collected comes from information gathered from hospital stays, physician offices, and surveys such as National Health Interview Study. The DDT has to rely on partnerships with other organizations to gather data and the relationship with individual states is very important. The DDT relies heavily on state-based diabetes surveillance systems including staff required for surveillance, money required to conduct the surveillance and special studies. Several other data sources including surveys, “the U.S Renal Data system, the Indian Health Service, information on hospital inpatients, birth and death certificates, and special studies to are utilized to understand the usefulness of data from managed care, Medicare, and Medicaid for monitoring diabetes” (Desai, Geiss, Mukhtar, Harwell, Benjamin, & Bell, 2003, P. S44). Once the data is gathered and analyzed it is used to determine the prevalence of diabetes and indicators associated with diabetes. This includes looking at risk factors not only on a broad basis such as the United States as whole but also individual states especially when looking at how diabetes affects specific populations. Data is useful in determining how effective population-based treatment, care, policy making, any research needs, and measuring the progress towards meeting the objectives of states and the nation. Reports are generated by each state and by the DDT then used in developing programs or changing anything that can improve diabetic outcomes.
Tools in other areas of health care are also useful in addressing the issue of diabetes. These tools consist of risk assessment and disease and health trends. These tools allow investigators to help determine who is at risk for developing the disease and how this can be prevented or decreased. These tools also allow determining how the disease is affecting other diseases. An example is how people with diabetes are at a higher risk for heart disease and kidney disease. By monitoring disease and health trends one can see the prevalence of diabetes on these diseases and if any measures taken to fight diabetes is having a positive or negative affect on the prevalence of these comorbidities.
Diabetes in Racial and Ethnic Communities
There has long been emphasis placed on improving minority health and access to health care for minorities. Diabetes is creating a devastating effect on minority populations including African Americans, American Indians, Alaskan Natives, Hispanic, and Asian Americans. Recently the CDC released data stating that “Black non-Hispanic, Mexican Americans, and residents of Puerto Rico are 2.0 times and American Indians and Alaskan Natives are 2.6 times more likely to have diabetes as their non-Hispanic White counterparts” (Liburd & Vinicor, 2003, P. S74). Diabetes and the complications of diabetes tend to be excessive in minority populations. For North Carolina generally citizens with higher education and income tend to have better health and better health outcomes than people with low education and low income. One area that did not correlate to the education and income level was African Americans. This ethnic group still generally had higher levels of diabetes than Whites. In 2010 in North Carolina approximately 37.8% of African Americans age 65 and older had diabetes (North Carolina Division of Public Health, 2011). For North Carolina diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death and the 4th leading cause of death for African Americans resulting in a 2.7 times higher mortality rate than for White (North Carolina Division of Public Health, 2011). This means that North Carolina has much work to do to decrease the prevalence of diabetes in African Americans and other minorities. This can be accomplished by using the state surveillance systems to improve diabetes health care targeting the minority population especially in the area of self-care. Self-care is an area that minorities tend to fall short on. Importance of checking blood glucose levels at home is very important in the self-management of diabetes.
Conclusion
Diabetes has become an epidemic in the United States. The only way to fight this epidemic and improve diabetic outcomes is through data collection and analysis of the data. By using national and state level surveillance systems data has shown that minorities have a higher prevalence of diabetes and its complications. In North Carolina African Americans have an extremely high rate of diabetes. Through state diabetes councils and getting the local agencies such as the health departments, physician’s office, local American Association of Diabetes, and hospitals efforts can be made to eliminate diabetes or at the very least reduce the prevalence of diabetes throughout North Carolina and the United States. Healthy People 2020 is working very hard with its objectives to accomplish this. References
American Diabetes Association. (2011). Diabetes Statistics. Retrieved from http://w
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). Healthy People History. Retrieved from http://ww
Desai, J., Geiss, L., Mukhtar, Q., Harwell, T., Benjamin, S., & Bell, R. (2003). Public health surveillance of diabetes in the United States. Journal of Public Health Management & Practice, 9(2), S44-S51.
Healthy People 2020. (2012). Topic and objectives: Diabetes. Retrieved from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview
Liburd, L. C., & Vinicor, F. (2003). Rethinking diabetes prevention and control in racial and ethnic communities. Journal of Public Health Management Practice, 9(Nov), S74-S79.
North Carolina Division of Public Health. (2011). Diabetes Prevention and Control. Retrieved from http://w

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Promoting Health

...Health education is educating people about health and health promotion strategies. It is a learning experience which mainly focuses on helping individuals and communities to improve their health by holding educational programmes and group activities. Through these activities, people can gain lots of knowledge about health and they can be positively influenced to change their attitudes. There are various health approaches and they are community development, Participation development and Holistic approach. Community is a group of people who shares the common interests and beliefs and development is the process where things grow and develop. Community development is a system where all the members of the community gather together to discuss the everyday problems that they have to face or that has been happening in their society and also to find the solution for it. As community development seeks to improve the quality of life, it observes and notices the ability and helps people to develop it. It also helps people to built a trust and respect each other within their communities. Community development ranges from small initiatives with a small group to large initiatives that involve the broader community. It also encourages the societies to be more health promoting by developing supporting groups and gathering people together to address the issues of power, inequality and social injustice. Community development is both a practice and an occupation which aims to bring about change...

Words: 2928 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Health

...physical activity for health and well-being C3 Collaborating for Health* June 2011 Director: Christine Hancock First Floor, 28 Margaret Street, London W1W 8RZ, United Kingdom; Tel +44 (0) 20 7637 4330; Fax +44 (0) 20 7637 4336 C3 Collaborating for Health is a registered charity (no. 1135930) and a company limited by guarantee (no. 6941278), registered in England and Wales. Contents Overview Part I: Evidence supporting the benefits of physical activity on health and well-being 1. The impact of physical activity on health 2. Literature review of the evidence i) Major chronic diseases ii) Mental health iii) Whole-life benefits of physical activity iv) Recommended levels of physical activity v) Socioeconomic disparities Part II: Evidence supporting interventions to encourage physical activity 1. The scale of the problem 2. An active environment? 3. Behaviour change 4. Selected interventions Part III: Case studies 1. Introduction 2. What makes for best practice? 3. Case studies Appendix 1: Selected literature on the health benefits of physical activity Appendix 2: Physical activity interventions Appendix 3: Evidence for the benefits of specific activities Endnotes 3 4 4 5 5 6 7 7 9 10 10 10 11 12 15 15 15 16 21 24 27 28 2 Review: The benefits of physical activity on health and well-being www.c3health.org Overview The purpose of this review is to provide a snapshot of the scientific evidence of the benefits of physical activity on health and well-being,......

Words: 13686 - Pages: 55

Free Essay

What Lies Within

...Malaria According to the ONE CAMPAIGN approximately 219 people live in the world with malaria and 90% of those who died from malaria are from sub-Saharan Africa. There are many important risk factors that are highly associated with malaria. Those who are poor in these undeveloped countries live in places where mosquito density tends to be high and because they are unable to afford instecide treated nets over their beds when they are asleep or spray that they could potentially spray around their rooms, they are more exposed being bitten by the mosquitoes. They also live near stagnant water where mosquitoes actually live and hang around and because they cannot remove the water they are surrounded with mosquitoes so they are more likely to be bitten; higher risk of infection. Moreover the poor do not have the healthcare access they would need to support their prevention of being infected with malaria. Another important risk factor that is closely associated with malaria is being pregnant; this is because women who are pregnant lose the majority of their immunity therefore they are susceptible to malaria. However being very young, especially under the age of 5 is a more important factor because children under the age of 5 have no immunity so they are very susceptible to becoming infected with the disease; their body is unable to fight against the pathogens that enter their body when they have been bitten by a mosquito. The most important factor associated with malaria is the......

Words: 1416 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Health Campaign on Obesity Part 2

...part 2 health campaign Stephanie hildeth hcs 535 September 20, 2013 sally kohls Health Campaign on Obesity Health Campaign Part 1 Summary In Part 1 of this paper, the issues of obesity and some of the initiatives implemented nationally ad locally was examined in the state of Texas. Due to the in depth concern of the growing effects on obesity, the initiatives of this paper focused on the impact of obesity for children on all levels of communities. Furthermore, the paper also pointed out the importance of addressing the importance of fight on obesity. This paper identified the statistics of this disease from data gathered from Healthy People 2020 showing that the obesity rate has increased by 57% amongst adults ages 20 and over from 22.8% to 35.7% between 1988-1994 and 2009-2010. Also during the same time frame, children and adolescents obesity rate climbed the charts for ages 2 to 19 by 69% from 10.0% to 16.9%. Health Campaign Part 1 also explored the prevalence to how in the state of Texas the range from 20.5% in Colorado to 34.7% in Louisiana in 2012. This identified that no states had a prevalence of obesity less than 20% (CDC, 2012). In the continuing efforts of addressing the pubic health issues, community organizations, the state and federal governments have implemented a serious role in taking steps to help with the concerning disease of obesity. Local communities and agencies have collectively come together to help with the fight on adult and childhood...

Words: 2037 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Promotional Campaign for "Oreo"

...PROMOTIONAL CAMPAIGN FOR ‘OREO’ Introduction The purpose of this project is to promote the three ‘Oreo’ products to a specific buying public and inform the prospective consumers about their existence and their advantages that would answer their nutritional needs. It focuses on a powerful advertising campaign that specifies the benefits of the products and their role in a customer’s life. This project aims to create a positive image of our products and persuade customers to switch to our brand. As the rising obesity tide continues to plague the U.S. and other states and as childhood obesity is a growing concern, the World Health Organization has compiled food-based dietary guidelines to encourage an improved quality of both diet and lifestyle. Thus, with the new health and wellness consumer trends, we have developed and introduced healthier and portion controlled snacks that are amounted with less cholesterol and fats. The world-famous Oreo brand continues to expand and fulfill new customer demands. Due to the fact that lifestyle changes towards health and nutrition are highly promoted, Oreo introduced health and nutritional products. Now, people can maintain their weight with 100 Calorie Pack Oreo, Sugar Free Oreo and Reduced Fat Oreo. 1. Product characteristics and 4)target customer 3. logo slogan The origin of the name ‘Oreo’ has a three-fold meaning. It is speculated to be a derivative of the French word, ‘or’, meaning gold, since the......

Words: 1947 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Marketing Management

...grain children’s cereal called Pirate Oats. Pirate Oats will be the first cereal of its kind offering the health benefits of whole grains while still being preferred by the target market of American children under the age of five. Children will favor Pirate Oats because of the cartoon mascot Captain Grain pictured on the front of the box. Parents will love Pirate Oats because it will keep their children healthy and at lower risk to develop childhood obesity and type two diabetes. This is because Pirate Oats will be lower in excess sugar, and higher in whole grains, than the competition. Pirate Oats will be marketed through an advertising campaign on popular children’s after-school television shows on networks such as Nickelodeon and FOX. First year marketing efforts will result in revenues equalling 10% of the target market as well as a 2% total market share gain for General Mills within the ready-to-eat breakfast cereal market. Achieving these goals will allow General Mills to reliably turn a profit within the first year of sales. 2.0 SITUATION ANALYSIS General Mills has long been a standard in the ready-to-eat breakfast cereal marketplace. It has many cereals marketed to, and designed for children, and has enjoyed a healthy market share to date. With the recent health food craze, the rise in childhood obesity, and poor diet being blamed for heart disease, type two diabetes, as well as cancer; refined flour and high sugar breakfast cereals marketed directly to children......

Words: 3505 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Dans Obseity

...An overview of social policies in the UK for obesity In recent years the emphasis on obesity as a health crisis has become more apparent than ever. Obesity can be defined as, ‘… a condition in which weight gain has reached the point of seriously endangering health,’ (National Audit Office, 2001, pg.7) Obesity is calculated using BMI, (body mass index) which takes into account the height and weight of the individual.The issue causes concern for the health sector as it leads to illnesses such as cardio vascular disease and type 2 diabetes resulting in a further strain on hospitals. Globally in 2005, there was said to be an estimated 1.6 million overweight adults and a further 400 million that were obese (World Health Organisation, 2005). If data from the UK is isolated the statistics are alarming. In 1980, 40% of the population were overweight, and less than 10% were obese. Currently, 66% are overweight and more than 20% are obese (Wilkinson and Pickett 2010). According to Healthy Weight, Healthy Lives It is predicted that by 2050 60% of the population will be obese (Department of Health, 2008). Although figures are clearly rising it is also important to note that obesity is socially constructed. Not to say that obesity isn’t a problem but the idea that the classification of being clinically obese is constantly being redefined, and therefore has been altered over the years meaning that more people now fit into the category. In 2008, Gordon Brown introduced a......

Words: 1331 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Processed Foods: the Hidden Evil

...The Hidden Evil In Today’s generation everything that we eat has been taken over by science. Food has turned into genetically modified and processed foods. Michael Pollans In Defense of Food touches on major problems within our food system that are leading to serious health problems nationwide. The biggest of these problems such as Diabetes, Obesity, and much more originate from science, and how food production scientist are trying so hard to eliminate problems like diabetes, high blood pressure and obesity and improve the health of what we are eating. Scientist are adding genetically modified ingredients that are intended to help improve the foods and stop health problems that are reoccurring but are instead only creating more elaborate health problems. There are more diseases, health problems, and unexplained weight gain that was not present before. Pollan elaborates on processed foods and all of its dangers. The methods that Pollan specifically elaborate on include the Imitation rule, Lipid Hypothesis, The dangers of refined foods and the Low -Fat campaign, intended to bring a healthier food system that would keep our entire nation at a healthier pace. Although that was the goal to bring better health to foods, that is not the case and real issues have yet to be fixed. Instead of cutting the bad sciences out of food production, they are constantly adding more ingredients and un-natural additives that are creating the issues instead of removing all genetic......

Words: 1619 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Identify a Health Behavior or Disease That Has a Significant Impact Upon a Healthy Lifestyle

...IDENTIFY A HEALTH BEHAVIOR OR DISEASE THAT HAS A SIGNIFICANT IMPACT UPON A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE. The developed world has witnessed a growing trend in contemporary health issues. Society has been subjected to an unprecedented increase in availability and choice, these factors influencing both temptation and convenience within the modern lifestyle. It is recognized that the contributory factors to a person’s health are not confined solely to the body’s biological state, ‘health is seen to be a state valued not in nature, but in society’ (Murcott, 1979). Globally a steady increase in the amount of seriously overweight and obese adults and children has been observed, ‘There are now about one billion people worldwide who are overweight or obese’ (Ford Runge, 2007). Obesity is a major health concern and in danger of reaching epidemic proportions. Overweight and obese individuals risk the distinct possibility of a diminished quality of life and the consequence of developing serious illness and society in general is burdened with the financial implications of treatment. This essay will identify why obesity is a major health issue and examine its causes and associated behaviors. Overweight and obesity are terms that refer to an excess of body fat, the findings of a study conducted by the National Audit Office (2001) states that ‘Obesity is a condition in which weight gain has reached the point of seriously endangering health’. This opinion was reinforced in a report published by...

Words: 3597 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Health Promotion

...HEALTH PROMOTION-PRIMARY, SECONDARY, AND TERTIARY PHASE BRITTANY HENSON GRAND CANYON UNIVERSITY FAMILY CENTERED HEALTH PROMOTION NRS-429V OCTOBER 26, 2014 According to the World Health Organization it defines health as the state of complete physical, social, and mental well being and not just the absence of disease or infirmity. Heath Promotion is a term that came from a medical historian named Henry Sigerist. He defined the task of medicine as promotion of health, prevention of illness, restoration of the sick and rehabilitation. The main focus of primary health promotion is to prevent the patient form getting a disease. The main focus in the secondary health promotion phase is to slow the disease process. During this phase the patient normally already has a disease and measures are taken to control the symptoms of disease. During the tertiary phase, the focus is helping the patient to manage long-term health problems. These problems may include diabetes mellitus, cancer, heart disease, or severe respiratory disease. During this phase a patient may be sent to rehab groups or support groups. According to the journal article Health Promotion Innovation in Primary Health Care health promotion is based on issues that the patient maybe experiencing that will result in reduced risk or improved health. The main focus of health promotion according to the article is changes to the individual’s health by modifying the patient’s behaviors. According to......

Words: 910 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Psychology and Diabetes

...Psychology and Diabetes Student’s Name: Institution: Instructor’s Name: Course Name: Introduction Diabetes is often referred to as diabetes mellitus and can be defined as a condition in which an individual has high levels of blood sugar as a result of inadequate or insufficient production of insulin in the body. Additionally, it may be caused by the failure of body cells to respond appropriately to the insulin. As such, patients usually have a higher than normal rate of urination. Majority of the world’s population usually acquire diabetes due to poor dietary habits thus increasing their risk of contracting the disease. However, practicing healthy dietary practices can go a long way in reducing the risk of contracting the disease. This paper seeks to review a psychology educational program within the community which aims at educating and enlightening people on diabetes. Overview Diabetes can be of either type 1 or type 2. Type 1 diabetes often affects individuals in their early years before they reach their forty’s (Illovsky, 2013). Patients with this type of diabetes often survive on insulin injections so as to regulate their blood sugar levels. Type 1 in this the body does not produce insulin; people with it are needed to take insulin daily. On the other hand, type 2 diabetes often affects old aged peopled due to complications in their metabolism. In type 2 the body does not produce or use insulin properly; people with it are needed to often to take insulin......

Words: 1810 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Case Analysis: Coca-Cola Co

...1. Situation Analysis Case Background Created in 1886 by Dr. John Pemberton, Coca-Cola has gone through many changes, some good and some bad, but in the end has become the worldwide leader in its industry (Graham, 2011). The company boasts a lineup of approximately 500 different drinks, including soft drinks, teas, coffees, juices, and waters. Soft drinks are their “cash cow” with around two billion cans and bottles sold each day (Graham, 2011). The syrup originally was designed as a "cure-all tonic" and contained coca leaves (Davis, 2004). Two years after creating the mixture, and just before he died, Dr. Pemberton sold the rights to the beverage to Asa Candler. Due to increasing demand Joseph Biedenharn started bottling Coca-Cola and bottled distribution of the soda began; within five years large scale bottling operations became available. Throughout the company's history, and even today, it has faced and overcame many challenges. Coca-Cola was, until recently, the world’s most valuable brand (Elliott, 2013), but is still the worldwide leader in the beverage industry. Through all the successes, Coca-Cola has encountered some challenges along the way. Coca-Cola has been criticized for discrimination against minority employees, poor working conditions of migrant workers, and even assassinations of trade union leaders and union-affiliated workers that provoked protests (Raman, 2007). Another emerging issue the company is facing is criticism that their products are......

Words: 5834 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

Health Campaign

...Health Campaign Yessinna Wilkins HCS/535 August 20, 2012 Becky Brown Let’s Move One issue that is huge in the United States would be childhood obesity. Childhood obesity has become a worldwide issue. Because this has become a bigger issue, it is considered an epidemic. There have been programs put in place to assist with this epidemic. With obesity comes teasing, unhealthy lifestyles, risk for diabetes, and other negative outcomes. Although no demographic group is untouched, some subgroups have been affected more than others (Koplan, Liverman, & Kraak, 2005). In this paper I will talk about First Lady Michelle Obama’s Let’s Move campaign, as well as statistics and data related to childhood obesity. Doctors and scientists are concerned about the rise of obesity in children and teens, because obesity may lead to heart disease, type 2 diabetes, asthma, sleep apnea, and social discrimination. Today, more that 9 million children over age 6 are considered obese, which means that they face serious immediate and long-term health risks (Koplan, Liverman, & Kraak, 2005). Obese children may experience immediate health consequences which can lead to weight-related health problems in adulthood (www.letsmove.gov/health-problems-and-childhood-obesity). In addition to suffering from poor physical health, overweight and obese children can often be targets of early social discrimination (www.letsmove.gov). Let’s Move is a health objective that has been put......

Words: 1422 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Gati Data

...G.SAI KIRAN 1226113115 NON ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE INDUSTIRY: SOFT DRINKS SUMMERY: Non-alcoholic beverages sector, which is currently being looked at as a non-corporate small- and medium-scale dominated segment, needs extensive reforms in order to develop as a complete corporate sector. In 1993, the consumption of aerated beverages in India was a meager three servings, per person, per annum. Cut to 2013, industry estimates cite that Indians have a per capita consumption of 14 servings. While that’s small when you compare the global average of 94 servings, India, because of the sheer weight of its population, is a huge force to reckon with for the world’s leading food and beverage corporations. Currently the influx of FDI in overall food processing sector is 1.8% of the total FDI ($147.08 billion) India got between 2001 and 2011. Out of this, the non- alcoholic beverage sector got approximately $19.44 million under automatic route while its contribution to India’s GDP was around $1.6 billion. Companies under the Indian beverages sector have operations in more than one state and the difference in taxation and other factors create barrier for the sector. Issues like implementation of GST (Goods and Services Tax) would certainly help the entire F&B industry. Inflation has got entrenched and monetary policy does not have any or has very little impact on food prices and fuel prices, food grain prices were moving upwards faster than other food items. The increase in the......

Words: 2298 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Diabetes

...World Health Day 2016: Beat diabetes 7 April 2016 - World Health Day Background In 2008, an estimated 347 million people in the world had diabetes and the prevalence is growing, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. In 2012, the disease was the direct cause of some 1.5 million deaths, with more than 80% of those occurring in low- and middle-income countries. WHO projects that diabetes will be the 7th leading cause of death by 2030. Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar, gives us the energy that we need to live. If it cannot get into the cells to be burned as energy, sugar builds up to harmful levels in the blood. There are 2 main forms of the diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes typically make none of their own insulin and therefore require insulin injections to survive. People with type 2 diabetes, the form that comprises some 90% of cases, usually produce their own insulin, but not enough or they are unable to use it properly. People with type 2 diabetes are typically overweight and sedentary, 2 conditions that raise a person’s insulin needs. Over time, high blood sugar can seriously compromise every major organ system in the body, causing heart attacks, strokes, nerve damage, kidney failure, blindness, impotence and infections that can lead to amputations. World Health Day 2016: Key......

Words: 1885 - Pages: 8